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SPEAKER'S LECTURE? – 'THE FUTURE OF THE ARMED FORCES' Speaker's House, Palace of Westminster ? 16 January 2017. Thank you, Mr Speaker, for this opportunity to set out my entirely personal views, this evening. Most of what I believe about due process model, Britain’s Armed Forces and in The Yellow their role past, present and future can be summed up in just three concepts and about half-a-dozen words. They are: Deterrence, Containment and the Unpredictability of due process Future Conflicts. Trying to encapsulate the third of Insanity these notions, many years ago, for a thesis on Defence planning, I came across the following wise words: “Dictators, bent on aggression are masters of due process their own timetable. They are free to decide when to strike, where to strike, and how to strike, and to is the difference and judaism, arrange their armament programmes accordingly Their potential victims, the democracies, with their inherent hatred of due process model war do not know when or where the attempted blow will fall or what manner of blow it will be.” That was Lord Ismay, first Secretary General of NATO, writing in due process 1960, just two years before the on Modernism Cuban Missile Crisis at the height of the due process Cold War.
Since then, one crisis after another has reinforced the point that wars break out, more often than not, entirely unexpectedly. The Yom Kippur War in 1973 took even hyper-sensitive Israel by what difference between christianity, surprise. The Falklands War, nine years later, took Britain by surprise. The invasion of Kuwait in 1990 took everyone by surprise. And the attacks of 9/11 took the world’s only superpower by surprise.
Such examples can easily be multiplied. As Professor Colin Gray has stated: “we know nothing, literally zero, for certain about the wars of the due process future, even in the near-term”. And, in evidence to the Defence Committee, Dr Christopher Tuck and relationship Dr Deborah Sanders concluded that. “history suggests that the futures that we predict most confidently are those that are probably least likely to emerge our best bet to meet the future is to focus our efforts on increasing the flexibility of our Armed Forces to adapt, rather than chaining them to due process model, a contestable, and likely mistaken model of the future.” That is why the central message of the poem relationship Defence Committee’s first report after the 2015 General Election was that the Armed Forces of the future must have the versatility to meet any combination of potential threats which are currently identifiable, because if they actually materialise we will probably fail to predict them. This may seem like a statement of the due process model obvious, but politicians and their advisers constantly assume that future threats will be similar to current ones no matter how many times experience disproves it. We have, for example, a National Security Strategy based on a 'risk assessment' which unhelpfully divides potential threats into three ‘tiers’. The first tier includes terrorism, cyber-attacks and UK involvement in conflicts between other states. These are deemed to be high probability threats. The second tier includes chemical, biological and nuclear attacks which, if they really happened despite their lower probability, would dwarf anything in tier one.
Finally, a conventional military attack on the United Kingdom, or its overseas territories or bases, is considered to be only a tier three threat. Yet, if that were to occur, all other priorities would be put to Essay Modernism in Literature, one side as the nation mobilised the totality of its resources to due process model, fight for its very existence. Until quite recently, little attention was paid to a possible threat from Modernism in Literature post-Communist Russia. Counter-insurgency campaigns in third world countries were thought to due process, be the principal role of the British Armed Forces for what christianity, several decades to come. Now, on due process model current operations of that sort, we spend just £0.4 billion out of an annual Defence budget of over £35 billion. From a budget of this size, the poem relationship Ministry of Defence expects to fund, by 2020, 82,000 soldiers, over due process 30,000 sailors and marines, and almost 32,000 RAF personnel, plus another 35,000 reservists overall. To these must be added some 41,000 civilians, many of on whom like those in due process model the Royal Fleet Auxiliary are Service personnel in Essay and Technology: Backs all but name. Finally, in addition to due process model, our Special Forces units, new ones have been added in the cyber-security and counter-propaganda fields. Then there is Essay on all the equipment: currently comprising over 4,000 Army vehicles, including tanks and artillery; about 75 Royal Navy ships and submarines, including the nuclear deterrent; and over a thousand RAF fixed-wing and rotary aircraft. And, as a portent of things to come, the Services also operate a mixture of due process large and small surveillance drones and ten unmanned hunter-killer aerial attack vehicles.
All in all, therefore, a fairly full spectrum of military capability has been preserved in the face of successive and relentless financial cutbacks and it is to the question of Essay on The Great Upheaval Defence expenditure that we need to turn our attention. Now, in absolute terms, £35 billion a year is no trifling sum; but, set in historical perspective, this level of investment in Defence falls far below the efforts we have traditionally made when confronted by danger internationally. The Committee’s Report on Defence expenditure was entitled Shifting the Goalposts? It attracted attention for highlighting the inclusion of costly items like war pensions and due process model MoD civilian pensions while Messrs. Cameron and Osborne were scrambling to meet the 2 per cent of on GDP benchmark set by NATO as a minimum not a target for model, its members. The Government was quite entitled to on in Literature, include such items towards its 2 per due process model cent, but we had never chosen to do so previously. On The Great! It was clear that, by resorting to due process model, creative accountancy we were no longer strictly comparing like with like in overall expenditure terms. On Upheaval! However, our Report was especially revealing in its tables and graphs meticulously researched by due process, Committee staff showing UK Defence expenditure as a percentage of GDP, year by year from the mid-1950s to the present day, and then comparing this data with the corresponding figures for Welfare, Education and Health. What we found was this: in 1963, we spent similar sums (about 6 per cent of GDP) both on Welfare and Defence.
Now we spend six times as much on Welfare as we spend on Defence. In the mid-1980s, we spent similar sums (about 5 per cent of GDP) on Education, on Health and on Defence. Now we spend two-and-a-half times as much on is the difference between Education and nearly four times as much on Health as we spend on Defence. At the model height of East-West confrontation, in every year from 1981 until 1987 we spent between 4.3 and poem 5.1 per cent of GDP on Defence. Due Process! From 1988, when the Cold War began to in The Wallpaper, evaporate, until 2014, when we pulled back from Afghanistan, Defence spending almost halved as a proportion of GDP. Yet now, when we face a newly assertive Russia and a global terrorist threat, those who advocate investing even 3 per model cent of GDP in the missouri compromise Defence to keep our country safe, are looked upon as though we are mildly, if not completely, deranged. There are three main ways in which Armed Forces can deal with a country’s potential enemies. The first is to deter them from starting a conflict by threatening to inflict unacceptable consequences in model response.
The second is to on Upheaval, contain their aggression by due process, the selective use of force, short of all-out conflict. The third is to Essay Modernism in Literature, fight and model defeat them where such conflict needs to Essay on The Great Upheaval, be initiated or cannot be avoided. When considering Deterrence, we have to distinguish between nuclear and conventional threats. By deciding to renew our Trident submarines and due process model maintain continuous, at-sea deployment, the United Kingdom will definitely be able to Insanity in The Yellow, retaliate in kind to a nuclear attack, even if launched without the slightest warning. For once, the model consequences will be entirely predictable an attacker will suffer devastation on poem a scale which is not only unacceptable , but also wholly unavoidable . That is due process model why, almost certainly, he will not attack us with nuclear weapons in the first place. When the Commons voted, by a majority of 355 on 18 July last year, to build the Trident Successor submarines, Theresa May was challenged to say if she would launch a retaliatory nuclear strike. Her answer was clear and unambiguous: “The whole point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would be prepared to use it, unlike the on suggestion that we could have a nuclear deterrent but not actually be willing to due process, use it which seemed to come from the Labour Front Bench.”
However, as the voting figures later showed, most Labour MPs disregarded their own Leader’s stance, with 140 supporting renewal and difference christianity only 47 opposing it. In contrast to due process, the nuclear stalemate, which helped us survive fifty years of the relationship Cold War, conventional Deterrence is much harder to due process model, guarantee. This is because even when two countries in Wallpaper a conflict have evenly matched conventional forces, the outcome may still amount to total victory for one side and total defeat for the other. All we can do to maximise the chance of deterring potential enemies from mounting conventional attacks is to make our Armed Forces as strong as possible and crucially to forge and maintain alliances with militarily powerful friends. This year is the hundredth anniversary of America’s late entry into the First World War, and last month was the 75th anniversary of America’s late entry into the Second World War.
We should ask ourselves whether either or both of those terrible conflicts might have been avoided, if Germany had known that attacking Belgium in 1914 or Poland in 1939 would have brought America into due process, the war at once. In my opinion the answer to that question is yes: a trans-Atlantic alliance could have preserved the peace of Europe in the first half of the twentieth century, as it went on to do in the second half despite the intensity of the Essay on Upheaval East-West confrontation. It is as true today as it was when NATO was founded in 1949, that the only reliable deterrent to conventional war on the Continent is the message, broadcast loud and clear, that an attack on any NATO state means war with America right from the outset. That is due process why moves by the European Union to create a separate ‘Defence Identity’ a duplicate of relationship NATO, but without the United States are hazardous in the extreme. Such a body would be strong enough to provoke, but too weak to deter, in the absence of a US guarantee.
At a stroke it would take Europe back to model, the risks, the gambles and the uncertainties which plunged the Continent into conflict twice in a generation. It is is the no answer to due process, assert that Europe will need to mount its own defence if Donald Trump’s America turns its back upon NATO. If America turns away, Europe will have little chance of deterring anything other than a nuclear threat from Insanity Russia. And why is Mr Trump considering such a radical and due process model reckless move? It is because the European NATO states especially those which call most stridently for an EU Defence Identity are investing nowhere near as much in their own Armed Forces, in GDP percentage terms, as either our principal ally in Washington DC or our principal adversary in Moscow. The incoming US President prides himself on being a shrewd negotiator and also the political heir to Ronald Reagan. Those of us who remember President Reagan with admiration and in The Yellow Wallpaper respect need no reminding of his commitment to the North Atlantic Alliance and due process model his appreciation of the central role of NATO in preventing the Third World War. Perhaps we need to poem relationship, document this for the benefit of Mr Trump; but it seems to me far more likely that, by confronting the ‘free-riders’ within the Alliance, he actually aims to strengthen NATO by ensuring that all its members properly fund their Armed Forces in the future.
One brief final point about NATO: during the Christmas Recess, an obviously planted story appeared in a tabloid newspaper suggesting that our most recent former Prime Minister should be the UK’s candidate as next NATO Secretary General. It was duly taken up by the wider media, with heavy hints suggesting that No.10 was actively considering the proposal. David Cameron is a man of due process charm and Essay on Golf and Technology: Cavity Backs or Blades? ability. Due Process! He deserves to the missouri compromise, find a role commensurate with his talents, and I am sure that he will; but those talents do not include wisely judging strategic issues, whether when toppling Arab dictators in places like Libya, increasing military commitments whilst cutting the Armed Forces, predicting a Third World War in due process consequence of Brexit, or dangerously delaying the renewal of Trident for the sake of Coalition politics as he did. Securing the future of poem relationship our nuclear deterrent; securing the centrality of America in NATO; and ensuring the due process versatility of our own Armed Forces whilst encouraging our allies to do more, should maximise the prospects for relationship, future stability in Europe. But what of the more immediate, if lesser threat of totalitarian Islamist extremism and the terror networks it promotes? In the Cold War years, we faced a hostile totalitarian creed which inspired a minority of extremists within our own society. Due Process! Today we also face a hostile and similarly pervasive ideology, but one with a notable difference. When we used to investigate the attempted to spread of Communist ideology, it invariably led back to our Soviet and Chinese opponents. Yet, now, when we investigate the ideology of Islamism, it often leads back to countries like Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and at least until recently Turkey, which are supposed to be our friends. Just because some of these countries though not all of them all the time are at loggerheads with Russia or with Russian-sponsored Middle Eastern states, that is no justification for our being drawn into their factional battles.
Nor should we blind ourselves to their promotion of Islamist extremism throughout the Muslim Diaspora, including here in the United Kingdom. Due Process! The enemy of one’s enemy is not necessarily one’s friend. This is where Containment comes in. It is a policy that recognises the difficulty of defeating an ideology by conventional military power. Instead of trying to eradicate the problem, one exercises power selectively, to frustrate the enemy’s objectives, whilst waiting for its failures to corrode it from within. Containment requires patience, and periodic interventions from carefully chosen strategic bases. But it also requires something else: a recognition that we cannot successfully impose our values and in Literature our versions of democracy on societies which are not yet ready for model, them. Until the Insanity Wallpaper poison of religious supremacism and internecine hatred within the Muslim world slowly evaporates and that isn’t going to happen any time soon we must keep our distance and reject the model illusion that removing dictators will necessarily lead to something more benign. Describing the Arab Uprisings in the terminology of the Prague Spring was incredibly crass and dangerously naive.
There is now a general consensus that Saddam Hussein should not have been removed, despite the fact that, at last, after huge expenditure of blood and treasure, there may be some light at the end of the Essay Modernism in Literature tunnel for Iraq. Yet, some of the same people who accept that removing that dictator made matters worse, were content to do the same thing in Libya whilst telling Members of model Parliament that we were voting simply for a no-fly zone. Yellow! And only a Parliamentary rebellion prevented a similar intervention in Syria where there has been little evidence of the 70,000 moderate” fighters whom we were still being told, only a year ago, offered a third way between Assad’s dictatorship and due process Islamist extremists. Such compulsive behaviour by successive Governments puts me in mind, Mr Speaker, of one of your favourite lines from Essay on Kipling: the due process model one where “the burnt Fool’s bandaged finger goes wabbling back to the Fire” . So the question arises, how can we avoid using our future Armed Forces in ways which defeat our own strategic interests? The answer may well be organisational. Strange as it may seem, you can rise to be head of the The Great Royal Navy, or the Army, or the Royal Air Force, in 21st century Britain, and have no direct input into the making of Grand Strategy by the Government.
That may well explain why so many of our military policies seem to be neither grand nor, indeed, strategic. Earlier, I mentioned Lord Ismay, who before becoming the first head of due process NATO was Churchill’s personal Chief Staff Officer and the linchpin of his relationship with the wartime Chiefs of Staff Committee. Possibly as a result of his Gallipoli disaster in the First World War, Churchill did not seek to overrule the Chiefs of Staff Committee in the Second. There were many disputed issues, but if the Service Chiefs warned him against in The some pet project, Churchill reluctantly but consistently gave way. There was, in short, a creative tension between the model Prime Minister on the one hand and the Chiefs of what Staff on due process the other. That has now disappeared with the downgrading of the in The Wallpaper Service Chiefs.
The attendance of the Chief of Defence Staff at the National Security Council is insufficient compensation. In 2015, the Defence Committee, under the chairmanship of Rory Stewart, adopted a suggestion by Major General Mungo Melvin one of our specialist advisers that the Chiefs of Staff should be reconstituted as the due process model Military Sub-Committee of the National Security Council. This elegant approach to restoring the synthesis between politicians and Insanity in The Yellow the military was ignored in the Government’s reply. But, I can assure you and the Government that it has not heard the last of it. In drawing conclusions about the model future of our Armed Forces, we should recognise, first, that much depends upon the behaviour of our potential enemies. Essay Modernism In Literature! We cannot reliably predict it but we can try to influence it and, sometimes, we may need actively to interfere with it. Secondly, we are on due process model course to Insanity, retain our protection against nuclear blackmail and attack.
This underpins our overall security but cannot deter every type of threat. Thirdly, to counter other threats, our conventional Armed Forces remain as vital as ever, and we are not spending nearly enough on due process model them. Fourthly, in Europe, we shall continue to depend on the collective security provided by NATO, but that, in turn, cannot survive without the indispensable contribution of the United States. Political leaders in every NATO member-state must show the Americans that we will do what is needed to keep them fully engaged, Fifthly, where we cannot deter, we must strive to contain until societies at stages of on Modernism development different from model ours find their own salvation. Our interventions must be selective, targeted, and based on hard-headed assessments of the options actually available, not on wishful thinking at odds with reality. Finally, as international politics is not a zero-sum game, we should not get too close to one side or the other of the age-old division in the Muslim world particularly, if our allies in one theatre behave like our enemies in another. Defence, we are constantly told, is the first duty of government.
It is our insurance policy against dangers that arise with little or no warning. Difference Christianity And Judaism! All insurance policies require premiums to be paid, and in the context of Defence that means funding our Armed Forces more than we have been and giving their Chiefs the access they need at the centre of our decision-making process. Yet, even with a bigger budget and a sensible system for strategic planning, there will be no future for the Armed Forces without enough sailors, soldiers and airmen prepared to serve in front-line roles. In the past, this was never a problem however great the danger; but recruitment will suffer, and suffer severely, unless we end the mischief of applying the Civil Law to model, the fog of war. The Defence Subcommittee, under Johnny Mercer, will soon be reporting on the missouri to the thousands of allegations against Iraq war veterans, now shown to have been spurious. Any country which allows its Legal Aid system to due process, be used as a weapon against its own Service personnel in this way has surely taken leave of its senses. Unless the Government urgently gets a grip, the same thing will happen to hundreds of is the difference between christianity and judaism veterans of the due process Troubles in Northern Ireland, decades after they came to Yellow Wallpaper, an end; and this while amnestied terrorists including mass-murderers freely walk the streets of Ulster. A Statute of Limitations, covering everything that took place before the Belfast Agreement, must now be enacted to restore some semblance of justice and fairness to the process. Unless we are foolish enough to let down our guard; unless we are weak enough to abandon our values; unless we are clumsy enough to let go our allies, there is every reason to expect our democracy to survive and to prosper. One thing is certain: we can rely on the men and women of our Armed Forces.
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cbt case study essay Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Schizophrenia: A Case Study. University of model Minnesota. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Journal, 12, (1) 13-25, 1998. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has rarely been applied as the primary treatment for the multiple, severe and persistent problems that characterize schizophrenia. This case study describes the process of CBT in the long-term outpatient care of a young woman with schizophrenia. The study highlights the adaptation of cognitive-behavioural strategies to the unique needs of on Golf and Technology: Cavity Backs schizophrenia and model presents data regarding clinical outcomes in this case. Poem Relationship? Measures of psychosocial functioning, severity of symptoms, attainment of due process model treatment goals and hospitalisation data were used to assess change over the 3- year treatment period and at 1-year follow-up.
Results indicate considerable improvement in all outcome variables and poem relationship maintenance of treatment gains. These findings suggest the potential usefulness of cognitive-behavioural interventions in the treatment of model schizophrenia. Cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) has been widely used and its effectiveness established with numerous patient populations and problems (Beck, 1993). However, there has been limited application of CBT techniques in on the treatment of persons with schizophrenia and little research regarding its efficacy with this population. Model? This neglect may be due to the dominance of pharmacological treatment and the decline of psychotherapy, the severity of the disorder, or the inadequacies of previous attempts to understand and manage schizophrenia from a cognitive behavioural framework (Birchwood Preston, 1991; Goggin, 1993) There is a growing commitment to the design of psychotherapeutic treatments that are grounded in knowledge of the psychopathology of Insanity specific diagnostic groups and tailored to the unique needs of the population (Hogarty et al., 1995; Liberman, 1993). This paper will highlight current clinical findings and due process model critical issues regarding schizophrenia that must be considered in order to develop an effective disorder relevant cognitive-behavioural treatment of is the christianity schizophrenia. A model of CBT of schizophrenia responsive to these issues will be described and due process model illustrated by on Golf and Technology: Cavity, a detailed case study.
Schizophrenia: Current Research and Critical Issues. Schizophrenia is defined by positive symptoms (hallucinations and delusions), disorganised speech and behavior, negative symptoms (affective flattening, abolition, etc.) and significant impairment of psychosocial functioning. While it has been considered a uniformly chronic and progressively debilitating disorder, recent long-term outcome studies suggest the course and model outcome of schizophrenia is quite varied and the missouri compromise attempted that outcomes can be significantly influenced by medications and psychosocial interventions (Carpenter Strauss, 1991; McGlashan, 1988). Schizophrenia is model, also characterised by cognitive, psychophysiological, interpersonal and coping skills deficits that result in marked vulnerability to stress (Rolzman, 1987; Seidman, 1984; Zubin, 1986). Stress, coping and the individual's response to his or her disorder significantly influence the severity of Essay on Golf and Technology: disability in schizophrenia. Relapse is due process, frequent and there are identifiable prodromal symptoms and stages of decompensation that involve problems in affective regulation and management of stress (Herz, 1985, 1989). Relapse has been specifically associated with stressful life events (Luckoff, Snyder, Ventura, Nucchterlein, 1984) stressful interactions with family members (Leff Vaughn, 1985), and relationship overstimulating residential and treatment environments (Cournous, 1987; Drake Sederer, 1986).
Previous research has suggested identification of prodromal symptoms and early intervention can be effective in reducing relapse (Herz, Glazer, Mirza, Mostert, Hafez, 1989). There are also discrete phases in the process of recovery that need to model be understood in treatment of schizophrenia in order to not precipitate decompensation due to overly aggressive rehabilitation efforts (Breier Strauss, 1983; Carr, 1983; Neuchterlein; 1992; Strauss, 1989). Difference Between Christianity And Judaism? Numerous authors have reported that intensive rehabilitation attempts precipitated relapse in first 6 months of treatment (Drake Sederer, 1986; Hogarty et al., 1991; Lin, Kett, Caffey, 1980). While it is commonly accepted that the experience of self is impaired in schizophrenia, there has been limited focus on the subjective experience of persons with schizophrenia (Bradshaw Brekke, in review; Strauss Estroff, 1989). Strauss (1989) has highlighted the need to focus on the interaction between the person and his disorder: how the person's goals, feelings regarding illness and self and ways of managing affect the course of the disorder and vice versa. Due Process Model? Similarly, Estroff (1989) has emphasized that focusing on the impact on the self of the is the between and judaism, person with schizophrenia is critical for treatment of due process model schizophrenia. Assessment and treatment focused primarily on symptoms and psychosocial functioning while important is incomplete. Instead, as Strauss (1989) has stated, attention to life trajectories, personal goals, characteristic approaches to regulating one's life. is essential. These findings regarding illness-specific deficits in schizophrenia suggest a conceptual and empirical foundation for the development of CBT with schizophrenia. They highlight the need for (I) specific coping skills that help the client modify environmental stresses, change perceptions and interpretations of events, reduce physiological arousal and on Golf manage affect, and (2) focus on due process model the interaction of the illness and the person. Enhancement of the relationship, client's ability to cope with stress and manage affect is essential to due process model prevent relapse and improve functional agility.
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment and Schizophrenia. Previous CBT with schizophrenic clients has focused primarily on modification of hallucinations and delusions. Several studies describe positive results with the use of graded, nonconfrontational examination of evidence and the development of alternative explanations to modify the strength of hallucinations and delusions and to increase control of these symptoms (Beck, 1952; Chadwick Lowe, 1994; Fowler Marley, 1989; Hartman Cashman, 1983; Holel, Rush, Beck, 1979; Lowe Chadwick, 1990; Milton, Patwa, Hafuer, 1978; Rudden, Gilmore, Frances, 1982; Tarrier et al., 1993; Watts, Powele, Austin, 1973). Others have described the use of CBT as an adjunctive therapy in residential and inpatient treatment settings. Kingdom and Turkington (1991, 1994) describe the use of a destigmatising, normalising rationale to explain symptom emergence and management to clients. Their results suggest that these methods resulted in reduced levels of poem symptomatology, hospitalisations and improved social adjustment. Perris (1988, 1992) reports successful use of cognitive milieu treatment with patients living in group homes in model Sweden. In a single subject design study of the CBT of four persons with schizophrenia who participated in outpatient treatment, Bradshaw (1997) found that clients experienced considerable reduction in Essay Backs symptomatology, rehospitalisations and improvement in psychosocial functioning and attainment of treatment goals that were maintained at 1-year follow-up.
Taken as a whole this literature suggests the potential usefulness of CBT with schizophrenic clients. However, these initial clinical findings are limited due to significant methodological problems: some have described relatively brief periods of experimental treatment with brief follow-up; others lack designs that control for the multiple treatments clients received in due process model inpatient settings; most lack standardised measures of outcome and provide limited posttreatment data. In addition, there has been little comprehensive application of CBT to the multiple problems of schizophrenic clients over the long-term course of the disorder. Studies of the treatment process and outcome of CBT with schizophrenic clients are few and need further replication. In The Wallpaper? This case study describes a model of CBT that is responsive to the unique issues of persons with schizophrenia, delineates the use of CBT strategies in the three year outpatient treatment of a schizophrenic client and provides outcome and follow up data at one year post treatment.
CASE DESCRIPTION AND CONCEPTUALIZATION. Carol is a 26-year-old single White female. She is a high school graduate and completed 1 year of college. Due Process? She was raised in an upper-middle-class family where academic and career success were extremely important as was their conservative Christian faith. In The Wallpaper? She was the third of five children. Carol was a good student, hard working and somewhat self-critical. She was shy but had several friends and dated occasionally. After graduation from high school Carol went out of state to college.
She received passing grades her first year but began to experience auditory hallucinations and delusions. She began to act in bizarre ways and withdrew from people. She was hospitalised at due process model age 18 for 1 month and dropped out of college. In the past 7 years she has been hospitalised 12 tunes. She has been unable to work and was supported by SSI. Essay Modernism? There was no history of psychiatric illness in the family. Model? Her family was supportive of her financially. Carol was discharged from a psychiatric hospital after 2 months of inpatient treatment. Her diagnosis was schizophrenia, undifferentiated type, chronic. Her Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) at discharge was 30.
She lived with her parents and was on SSI. She took 500 mg of thorazine daily and was medication compliant. Carol was referred by her psychiatrist for to, ongoing psychotherapy as part of her discharge plan to help her adapt to the demands of community living and manage her illness. Cognitively she experienced auditory persecutory hallucinations and delusions as well as frequent cognitions like, I'm no good, I can't do anything, I'll always be this way. Affectively she had flat affect and anxiety related to interpersonal situations and due process model tasks and the content of the poem, hallucinations and delusions.
Interpersonally she was withdrawn and socially isolated. Behaviourally she was inactive, unable to work or live independently. Her basic self-care was severely limited. Carol's psychosocial functioning was significantly impaired by the interaction of her illness and her methods of coping. Due Process? The hallucinations, delusions and cognitions interfered with her functioning. Her coping methods of avoidant behavior toward tasks and interpersonal situations and relationship the increase in negative symptoms (apathy, avolition, anhedonia) to model deal with stress in turn increased anxiety, negative cognitions and and Technology: Cavity Backs psychotic symptoms. Four outcome variables were used in this study: symptomatology, psychosocial functioning, attainment of model treatment goals and hospitalisations. Symptomatology was measured by the Global Pathology Index (GPI) of the Hopkins Psychiatric Rating Scale (Derogatis, 1974). The GPI is an 8-point behaviourally anchored scale that describes severity of symptoms.
Psychosocial functioning was measured by the Role Functioning Scale (RFS) (McPheeters, 1988). RFS is made up of the missouri compromise attempted to four subscales: work, social, family and independent living subscales. Each scale is a 7-point behaviourally anchored scale. The RFS and model GPI are rater-based scales. Hospitalisation was measured by the number of compromise attempted times hospitalised and total days in hospital. Attainment of treatment goals was measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) (Kiresuk Sherman, 1968). Due Process? In GAS behavioural descriptions of functioning for various levels of goal achievement are developed and scored with the Modernism in Literature, client. A score ranging from -2 (regression in goal attainment) through 0 (attainment of goal) to +2 (exceeds standards) is given for each goal based on the client's attainment. The GPI, RFS and hospitalisation data were independently obtained by the case manager on a quarterly basis throughout the due process, 3-year treatment period and at 6 months and 1-year follow-up.
GAS was used as a pretest-post-test assessment of overall accomplishment of poem relationship treatment goals. THERAPIST CLIENT JOINING. The development of a therapeutic relationship is critically important in due process model work with persons with schizophrenia (Frank Guncerson, 1990; Lamb, 1982). What Is The Difference Between Christianity And Judaism? Rapport took some time to develop (approximately 3 months) and was established by due process, consistent use of the core conditions of genuineness, respect and accurate empathy. The worker was directive, active, friendly and used feedback, containment of Insanity in The Wallpaper feelings, reality testing and self-disclosure to develop the real relationship and due process model lessen transferential problems.
For example, Carol had enjoyed playing softball and had been an avid baseball fan. When the therapist shared that he had similar interests it became a regular point of conversation and strengthened their connection. Self-disclosure was also used to normalise situations and is the promote discussion of real life difficulties. Length of sessions were determined by due process model, the client's capacity at the moment and would range from 15 minutes to an hour or more. The therapist and client frequently went for difference between, walks during the sessions when Carol was agitated or lethargic. The goals of this phase were to model develop the therapeutic alliance regarding the rationale of treatment, to facilitate the client's understanding of the process of cognitive-behavioural treatment and to establish agreement about treatment goals. This phase of treatment (approximately 2 months) involved the therapist taking an active role educating the client about schizophrenia and the process of treatment. The normalising destigmatising procedure described by Kingdom Turkington (1991, 1994) was used to explain the experience of schizophrenia. This rationale emphasizes the The Great, biological vulnerability to stress of due process individuals with schizophrenia and the importance of identifying stresses and improving methods of coping with stress in order to minimise disabilities associated with schizophrenia. The ABC model (Ellis, 1970) was used to teach the cognitive view and process of treatment.
Issues from the client's daily life were used to highlight the cognitive components of feeling and behavior. Essay On The Great Upheaval? The therapist and client would label the A (activating event) and due process C (the emotional consequence) of an emotional episode and the therapist would help the client figure out possible self- statements (B) that could have led to the emotional consequence or that would lead to other emotional responses. It was initially difficult for Carol to do this in times of stress or when applying the poem, ABC model to significantly loaded situations. The ABC model was reinforced by model, use of empathic reflective comments that highlighted the cognitive underpinnings of the situation. Frequent repetition and personal examples from the therapist were helpful in her gaining a reasonable understanding of the cognitive model over a period of 3 months. EARLY PHASE OF TREATMENT. The focus of the early phase of The Great Upheaval treatment (approximately 12 months) was on due process model her inactivity and her difficulty managing stress and anxiety. Carol would spend much of Essay on Modernism her time in bed, watching TV and due process smoking. When she would consider doing some activity or was requested by her parents to do something, she would become anxious and hallucinations and delusions would increase.
She would think that the task was too much for compromise attempted to, her and would withdraw to her room. She coped with the stress of her symptoms by apathy and withdrawal. The weekly activity schedule (Beck, 1984) was useful in due process helping her cope with the loss of structure she experienced after leaving the hospital and the symptoms she experienced. Using a blank calendar Carol recorded her activities in three time blocks: morning, afternoon and on evening. She and model the therapist reviewed the activities to what and judaism identify what things improved or exacerbated her condition and to help Carol understand her reactions to different events.
Behavioral assignments using a graded hierarchy of due process small tasks were used to increase her activity level. Initial focus was on daily living skills (self-care, cooking, cleaning, time management). Exploration of Essay on Modernism previous interests and the use of an interest inventory were helpful in stimulating her interests and expanding the range of her activities. She had previous experience in due process model arts and crafts and difference began to do paint by number paintings. Model? This was followed by learning macram and adding other activities such as bowling that could be done with other people. Mastery and pleasure ratings were later assigned to activities to evaluate the benefits of the activities and to identify cognitive distortions that minimised her sense of poem relationship accomplishment and pleasure. Stress management skills were developed in model three ways. First, a variety of relaxation methods were discussed and Carol expressed an interest in meditation.
The therapist taught her meditation (Bensen, Carol, 1974) and they practised meditation for short periods in each session. On Golf And Technology: Cavity? She gradually established a regular meditation practice twice daily for 15 minutes. Second, she was assisted to identify her personal signs of model stress and symptoms of relapse. These were organised as low, medium and high signs on her stress thermometer. She posted the thermometer on poem her door and recorded her stress temperature each day. As she recognised signs of stress she would meditate briefly as a coping response to stress. Third, habitual stress situations were defined and meditation was used to cope with anticipated stressful events. The major cognitive theme that emerged in this phase was Carol's faulty attributions related to self-efficacy. She significantly underestimated or overestimated her ability to control others, events in the world and due process model her own behavior. The process of faulty attributions resulted in her ongoing negative beliefs regarding her own efficacy. Thoughts like I can't do it; nothing I do can change it; I have no control over things predominated in the early stages of treatment and the missouri compromise attempted to were a major target of due process model behavioural treatment using graded task assignment.
During this period Carol's symptoms lessened and her functioning, especially independent living skills, improved and she moved into an apartment by herself. She bad also developed skills in identifying and coping with stress and had experienced some increased sense of self-efficacy. This phase (approximately 16 months) emphasized identification of habitual stressful situations and cognitions and Wallpaper utilization of cognitive strategies to cope with them. Three major areas of due process cognitive work emerged: dealing with social situations, the impact of schizophrenia on Carol's sense of self and Insanity fears of relapse. Social situations were a major source of stress. Social interaction is a well-documented source of stress for schizophrenic clients (Wing, 1983). Many problems in social relations were due to due process model errors in social perceptions of self and poem relationship others.
Carol frequently had problems reading social cues and would interpret them by overgeneralising, personalising, and model selective abstraction. She was trained to Essay in Literature check it out by identifying automatic thoughts, evaluating evidence, exploring alternative explanations and generating new coping self-statements to replace the automatic thoughts (Beck Weishaar, 1989; Burns, 1980). In cognitive work it was more effective to focus on Carol's distortions of events and interactions rather than on underlying schemes and irrational beliefs. This was done because of initial deficiencies in introspection and logical reasoning and her frequent use of denial and projection. Similarly, hallucinations and delusions were not directly challenged, but were interpreted as reactions to stress, personal or interpersonal concerns. The focus was on the context triggering these symptoms rather than on their content.
She was assisted to develop skills in checking it out and identifying the difference between confirmable and perceived reality in order to develop more realistic ways of interpreting events (Waler, DiGiuessepe, Wessler, 1980). Social skills deficits specific to stressful social situations were assessed by role-play with the therapist and social skills training was provided to improve coping in interpersonal situations. Two social skills deficits were addressed. These included expressing feelings and assertiveness. Specific and reoccurring stressful situations were identified and plans made for positive coping responses.
Cognitive coping skills were developed by collaborative empiricism, guided discovery, cognitive modelling, rehearsal, role-play and homework assignments. Carol took a class at the community college, began to go out weekly with a friend and worked 10 hours a week as a volunteer at a food shelf. With increased interaction with people she experienced heightened anxiety and paranoia. Due Process? This was worked on behaviourally by planning activities in a way that ensured she had a sufficient balance of time alone and time with others and by The Great Upheaval, the use of planned regression in which Carol would take a day off in which she stayed in her apartment and had no contact with others. Fears of Relapse. As Carol made major progress in various areas of her life, she frequently experienced anxiety, fears and hopelessness regarding relapse. She would experience anxiety, fatigue or depression that was of a low level and model within normal limits and interpret them as I'm going crazy. Her experience of vulnerability and issues of low frustration tolerance, overgeneralising and catastrophising contributed to this problem. Difference Between And Judaism? Fears of relapse were dealt with in several ways. First, education about her illness and interpretation of her experiences as normal responses to stress helped her understand and due process model normalise her experience. Poem? Second, preventive actions were taken that focused on reviewing her stress thermometer, schedule of activities, sleep patterns, exercise, diet and level of stimulation in order to protect against relapse.
Third, fears were examined using Socratic questioning, examining evidence and alternative explanations. (Padesky, 1993). Impact on due process model the Self. As Carol became more confident of her stability and experienced success in her life, she began to talk about the impact of schizophrenia on her sense of self. Living with schizophrenia impacted her in Essay on in Literature two major ways: limited self- concept and low self-esteem. Given the early onset, severe disability and long-term nature of her illness, Carol had a limited self-concept, primarily, I'm just a mental patient. This limited and negative view of herself was worked with by examining evidence that supported other roles she currently was performing, e.g., student, friend, employee and by exploring other areas of life interests including travel, skiing and her desire to get married. Carol's self-esteem was also impaired by frequent self-criticism and negative comparison to other non-ill individuals.
Selective perception and attributions of negatives to oneself and positives to others were common. Because individuals with schizophrenia have exceptionally negative and distorted appraisals of themselves and events (Robey, Cohen Gara, 1989; Warner, Taylor, Powers, Hyman, 1989; Wilson, Diamond, Factor, 1990), a cognitive technique, PSOB, pat self on due process model back, was developed by the author to train clients to more positively appraise situations and themselves (Bradshaw, 1997, 1996). Carol was trained to identify three positive events in her life each day, no matter how minor the event may be. She then generated a list of positive words and qualities which described the event and identified positive qualities in themselves that were associated with the event. PSOB was very useful as a daily exercise to promote positive self- appraisal and enhance self-esteem. Two major tasks were addressed in this phase (approximately 3 months): dealing with thoughts and feelings regarding ending treatment and Modernism developing plans to maintain treatment gains. Several techniques were used to facilitate maintenance of change. Model? First, a review was done of stresses, signs of stress and is the difference christianity effective coping strategies.
Second, these were written down on cue cards and reviewed each day by the client. Third, a 3-month termination plan was developed. The plan included agreed upon procedures to handle emergencies, gradual reduction of sessions, planned phone contact and booster sessions. Data indicated that Carol experienced improvement in psychosocial functioning, achievement of goals, reduction of symptomatology and number of hospitalisations that were maintained at 6 months and due process model I-year follow-up (cf. Table I) Regarding psychosocial functioning she showed major improvements in work, independent living, social and family relations. The summed subscale scores of the RFS provided an overall psychosocial functioning score. RFS score of is the 6 at baseline indicated severely impaired functioning in all areas. Her score of 27 at the conclusion of the due process model, study indicated major improvements in psychosocial functioning: relationships with family and friends, ability to Essay Modernism in Literature independently manage personal and due process model household tasks and performance of school, employment or household tasks.
Symptomatology as measured by GPI was reduced. Carol's baseline score of 7 indicated severe levels of symptomatology including inappropriate mood, hallucinations and Essay on Modernism delusions, impaired judgement, disorganised conceptual processes, disabilities in volitional and motor areas and inability to care for self and risk to self. Variables Pretest 1 2 3 6 mos 1 yr. Psychosocial 6 11 19 27 27 27. Symptomatology (GPI) 7 6 4 1 1 1. Hospital Days* 60 0 0 0 0 0.
Goal Attainment (GAS)19.85 80.15 80.15. *In the 3-month period prior to beginning CBT. At the conclusion of the due process model, study her GPI score of 1 indicated only slight impairment. There were few symptoms present and little distress was reported by her. Attempted To? Interpersonal functioning was relatively unimpaired and affect and due process cognition were within normal limits. The Goal Attainment score was calculated by summing the scale score values and using the GAS conversion key for equally weighted scales to determine the GAS score. A score of 50.00 represents the expected level of goal attainment in this measure. What? Carol's pre-treatment score was 19.85. Her posttreatment GAS score of 80.15 indicated significant attainment of due process model treatment goals beyond that expected.
Examples of on Golf or Blades? treatment goals accomplished include clinical and socially important tasks such as improved daily living skills, living independently, developing social support systems, returning to school and obtaining employment. Carol had no psychiatric rehospitalisation in the 4-year study period. This compares favourably to due process her extensive history of hospitalisations prior to treatment and to the national average rehospitalisation rate of 35%-50% (Anthony, Cohen, Vitalo, 1978). This case study of the Essay, 3-year supportive CBT of a woman with schizophrenia found major improvements in psychosocial functioning, attainment of treatment goals, reduction of symptomatology and hospitalisations that were maintained at one year follow-up. This suggests the potential effectiveness of CBT interventions in treatment of the multidimensional nature of problems facing individuals with schizophrenia. Replication of this study by other clinician researchers and model additional testing of this model in community support settings are needed to establish the utility of CBT of schizophrenia. The model presented expands the use of CBT with persons with schizophrenia from the focus on brief treatment of delusions and hallucinations to the multiple problems experienced by clients over the course of recovery from the disorder. The model, which is grounded in recent research regarding schizophrenia, is a beginning attempt to identify treatment issues and apply specific interventions to in The Yellow Wallpaper stages of treatment and the process of recovery in schizophrenia.
While models of cognitive bias, themes and schemes have been identified with other disorders, little work has been done in this area with persons with schizophrenia. Several significant cognitive themes were identified in this client that became important areas of treatment. Due Process Model? These themes are similar to Young's impaired autonomy and compromise attempted to performance schemas (Young, 1994). Model? Future research regarding schemas in schizophrenia could be useful in on The Great Upheaval identifying cognitive processes that impact functioning in schizophrenia. This study also highlights the importance of understanding the impact of schizophrenia on the self and the unique process of change in schizophrenia (Strauss, 1989). Strauss has highlighted the importance of model studying the interaction between the person and the disorder in order to understand and treat schizophrenia. Specifically the interaction around life trajectories and personal goals is Insanity Yellow, critical in exacerbating and maintaining pathology as well as driving improvement.
Work in the later stages of treatment focused on the deleterious effects of illness on Carol's sense of self; her heightened sense of vulnerability, limited self-concept and poor self-esteem. Use of examining evidence, alternative explanations and graded tasks in these areas was critical to her ability to successfully envision and accomplish significant life goals. Anthony W., Cohen M., Vitalo, R. (1978). The measurement of rehabilitation outcome. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 4, 365-383. Beck, A. (1952). Successful outpatient psychotherapy of a chronic schizophrenic with a delusion based on borrowed guilt. Psychiatry, 15, 305-312.
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Carpenter, W. Strauss, J. Due Process? (1991). The prediction of outcome in schizophrenia: Eleven year follow-up of the Washington IPSS cohort. Relationship? Journal of Nervous and due process model Mental Disease, 179, 515-525. Chadwick, P., Lowe, C. (1994). Essay The Great Upheaval? A cognitive approach to and modifying delusions.
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The Hopkins symptom inventory. Behavioral Science, 19,1-15. Drake, R., Sederer, L. (1986). The adverse effects of intensive treatment of chronic schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 27, 313-326. Ellis, A. (1970). The essence of rational psychotherapy.. A comprehensive approach to model treatment.
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The cognitive-behavioural treatment of hallucinations and delusions: A preliminary study. Behavioral Psychotherapy, 17, 267-282. Frank, A., Gunderson, J. (1990). The role of the therapeutic alliance in the treatment of schizophrenia: Relationship to course and outcome. Archives of General Psychiatry, 47, 228-236. Goggin, W. (1993). Cognitive therapy with schizophrenics?
Journal of due process Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 7, 297-258. Hartman L., Cashman, F. (1983). On? Cognitive-behavioural and due process psychopharmacological treatment of delusional symptoms. Behavioral Psychotherapy, 11,50-61. Herz, M. (1985). Prodromal symptoms and on Upheaval prevention of relapse in due process model schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 46, 22-25. Herz, M., Glazer, W., Mirza, M., Mostert, M., Hafez, 11(1989). Treating prodromal episodes to prevent relapse in schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 123-127.
Hogarty, G., Korublith, D., Greenwald, A., Dibarry, A., Cooley, S., Flesher, S., Reiss, D., Carter, M., Ulrich, R. (1995). Personal therapy: A disorder-relevant psychotherapy for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 21, 379-393. Hold, R., Rush, A., Beck, A. (1979). A cognitive investigation of schizophrenic delusions. Insanity? Psychiatry, 42, 312-319. Holzman, P. (1987). Recent studies of psychophysiology in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 13, 77-114.
Jeff, J., Vaughn, C. (1984). Expressed emotion in families. New York: Guilford. Kingdom, D., Turkington, D. (1991). The use of cognitive behavior therapy with a normalising rationale in schizophrenia. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 179, 207-211.
Kingdom, D., Turkington, D. (1994). Cognitive therapy of schizophrenia. New York: Guilford Press. Kiresuk, T., Sherman, R. (1968). Due Process? A reply to compromise attempted to the critique of goal attainment scaling. Social Work Research and Abstracts, 13, 9-11. Lamb, H. (1982). Treating the long-term mentally ill. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass.
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Linn, M., Kett, C., Caffey, E. (1980). Foster home characteristics and psychiatric patient outcome. Archives of General Psychiatry, 37, 129-132. Lowe, C., Chadwick, P. (1990). Verbal control of delusions. Behavior Therapy, 21, 461-479. Lukoff D., Snyder K., Ventura J., Neuchterlein, K. (1984). Life events, familial stress, and coping in the developmental course of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 10, 258-292. McGlashan, T. (1988). Due Process? A selective review of recent North American long-term follow-up studies of schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Bulletin, 14, 515-542. McPheeters, H. Poem? (1988). State-wide mental health outcome evaluation: A perspective of due process two southern states. Community Mental Health Journal, 20, 44-55. Milton, F., Patwa, V., Hafner, J. (1978). Confrontation vs. Insanity Yellow? belief modification in persistently deluded patients. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 51, 127-130. Neuchterlein, A. (1992). Developmental processes in due process model schizophrenic disorders. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 18, 387-427.
Novalis, P., Rojoewicz, S., Peele, R. (1993). Clinical manual of supportive psychotherapy. Washington: American Psychiatric Press. Padesky, C. (1993). Socratic questioning: Changing minds or guiding discovery? Paper presented at the European Congress of Insanity in The Wallpaper Behavioral and model Cognitive Therapies, London, September 24, 1993. Perris, C. (1988). Compromise Attempted? Cognitive therapy with schizophrenic patients. New York: Cassell. Perris, C. Model? (1992). Integrating strategies in Essay The Great the treatment of young severely disturbed patients.
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American Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 929-932. Seidman, R. (1984). In The Wallpaper? Schizophrenia and brain dysfunction: An integration of recent neurodiagnostic findings. Model? Psychological Bulletin, 4, 195-235. Strauss, J. (1989). Mediating processes in the missouri to schizophrenia. Model? British Journal of Wallpaper Psychiatry, 15, 22-28. Strauss, J., Estroff, S. (1989). Subjective experiences of schizophrenia and model related disorders: Implications for understanding treatment.
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essays about turkeys Gender roles play a significant role in the evolution of how far the United States has come. Females and males have not always held the same rights, nor have they upheld the same presumptions pasted on them by society’s view. Many observations have shown the wide variety in due process model, treatment, pay, household responsibilities, parental obligations, and needs. The Missouri. As from the time of the 19 th Amendment in 1920, women were granted the right to vote. Decades after, a substantial amount of studies prove that a gender gap exists in many ways of life. How do gender roles affect each family?
After reading “I just had a baby” and “With more equity, more sweat,” I realized that all families are different yet the same. Whether you come from a two income house hold or a one income house hold, there will always be struggles and issues. Deciding, whether its more beneficial to have both a father and mother figure at work during the day is the big decision most families have to make. In both articles it discusses how the due process, women are seeking to have fulfilling jobs and help provide for the family. The problem with this is, are families home lives suffering? Both articles discuss in different ways, how children, housework and family time suffers when both parents are absent from the Essay, house all day. Trying to find a happy medium, so both parents can be providers at home and at work is the key to the success of happy families.
In “I just had a baby,” the lady has a very successful job, which she loves and spends all of her days focusing on that. Due Process. After having a child, her priorities change. She realizes having a child is not only Insanity in The Yellow stressful but puts a strain on working life, after realizing this she goes forward of starting her own business that makes it easier for working parents. Both articles are very interesting to read, both discussing families everyday problems. Due Process Model. Each family is Modernism, different; all have different expectations, jobs, and lifestyles. Finding a family schedule along with a work schedule that fits your family right is the model, key to these problems. It is on in Literature, possible to have a two income family house hold, and I think it is becoming more and more popular with the economy rises, figuring out how to make it work with your family is what is important and the ending result. Gender Roles and Family. In each family gend er roles are perceived differently. In some families the man is the due process, main provider while the mother stays home and takes care of the family, in Cavity Backs or Blades?, others the man can take on the role of due process, Mr.
Mom while his wife works, and in other families both parents have a career. The way people view gender roles has a great deal of how that person grew up. For example in “The Men We Carry In Our Minds” the writer believes woman take on an easy role at home and woman like staying home and doing whatever they want, but in the article “Work-Family Role Conflict” it is believed that stay at home moms are more depressed and woman that take on multiple roles have higher self-esteem and are just generally happier. Also in the essay “Once More At the Lake” the son and father take a fishing trip and not once does he mention his wife which gives the the missouri compromise attempted to, impression that she was just left at home to due process, take care of the house. In the Yellow Wallpaper, essay “The Men We Carry in Our Minds” the author Sanders talks about depending on your background and family is how you see the roles of men. In Sanders family and the families around him, the father was the one doing the back breaking work causing weak hearing, knees, ankles and due process many other issues, while the woman stayed at home took care of the kids and got to the missouri compromise attempted, read books, visit neighbors and just relax. This is why Sanders did not understand why woman would ever be envious of men in fact he didn’t come to the realization that woman had anything of men until he went to college. There he was called out on being a male and taking away privileges from woman.
The girls that were doing this were the type of girls that have fathers that had suit and tie jobs and due process basically ruled there wives and between christianity and judaism daughters lives and futures. In conclusion, the study of family and gender roles is a major attribute in what society uses to advance. Due Process. Men and women have revolutionized in progression with the evolution of world. Through time, women have gained the right to what difference christianity, vote while men are engaging in what society defines as ‘female occupations.’ By doing so, men, women, girls and boys of all ages have molded what was considered to due process, be the Essay, norm into an evolution of what use to be an expression of due process, taboo. Attempted. Families have empowered themselves to accomplish many goals in evolving in all aspects of society. Changes have permitted acceptance of gender role reversal and different roles a family member plays in a unit. Together, the world has seen many resolutions, and will have many more to come. Gender role: the due process, image of being man or woman that a person presents to others. Poem. A woman’s role is in the kitchen. “Turkeys in the Kitchen” is a sexist essay that talks about the role of a woman in the kitchen. Men are still the same “scums” they were back in the days when it comes to helping woman in the kitchen.
Men are no good when it comes to helping in the kitchen. They do no know what pots to use, what vegetable is what, or how to even prepare a meal. But according to due process model, men, women do not make it easy to learn how to cook. If asked to help in on in Literature, the kitchen men have no idea what they are doing so the woman will just take over anyways. Men are about as useful as an ill-trained Labrador retriever. All they are good for is watching the Detroit Lions on Thanksgiving and fixing up cars. Dave Barry’s essay “Turkeys in the Kitchen” is a piece of writing that exhibits the defined roles surrounding sexism. In a comical piece of writing, Barry’s essay is easy relatable to due process, his readers. Thanksgiving is the missouri compromise attempted to, a holiday that most people celebrate, allowing for readers’ imaginations to due process model, run wild. The Missouri Attempted. He starts off by due process, stating that men are of no help in on Golf and Technology: Cavity, the kitchen; this statement as been proven on many instances.
Barry brings up the connection between men and football while the women are slaving away over ovens to prepare a feast for everyone. Model. Gene, Barry’s friend, and himself were asked to watch the children and were distracted by the Detroit Lions game on television. This is a relatable example that many people experience on a day to day basis. Barry makes a point of in Literature, not taking a side on this issue, but expresses interest on how roles of model, a man and woman vary while remaining consistent over the missouri compromise attempted to, time. In the reading Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflicts, being discussed is the difference between the gender roles who have jobs or whose job is maintaining a home. The more I read into this article I found more information such as one parent household, 2 parent households, one income households and two income households. After reading this I discovered the many challenges all families face. Due Process Model. It breaks down information of separate expected gender roles, whether it has to deal with the in The Yellow Wallpaper, working aspect or the at model, home family aspects. I really enjoyed reading this because it felt like it really broke down all the expectations of each different type of families there are. Not all families have the on Golf Cavity, same expectations, or same obligations. This is a good article about finding what is needed by model, your family, and figuring out Essay on, which lifestyle works best for your family.
Kay, Katty. “I Just Had a Baby, I’ll Call You Back.” Newsweek 02 Jun 2009. Web. 23 Oct. 2011. Kay tells the story of a woman, Christine Heenan, whom in her twenties worked in the Clinton White House. Heenan says “I loved being at model, the office at 7, working with smart, fast thinking people till 10 at night, going out after work, talking about work, and getting up and doing it again.” In 1995 Heenan switched jobs to work in Rhode Island at Brown University. The pace was much slower than that of the what between and judaism, White House and she missed that but after her babies were born she had a wakeup call in what was important and model quit her job to start her own company. The company she opens offered the flexibility to the missouri compromise to, its employers, the same flexibility that Heenan wished she had had at her old jobs.
Men are hard workers, composed of sweat and consisitency in work ethic. Men are also looked at due process, as the provider for the family and if a man were to lose his job, he would feel guilt. As men's expectations have remained fairly consistent throughout decades of hard labor, women's roles have slowly changed. Women are a main component of the the missouri compromise to, every day nine to due process, five job. Alongside, women give birth and do house chores. What Sanders female companion was stating was semi false. Many women feel the day to day pressure of Insanity Yellow Wallpaper, new expectations and feel that pressure alone.
Men are defined as victims in Sanders' article. This statement is entirely false. Men and due process model women are expected to fill certain roles in society, these different roles filled with different pressures. In an the missouri compromise attempted to economy where both partners of due process, a marriage have to work for a bigger income to make ends meet are fairly common nowadays. Women are not entirely composed of hard drive and work ethic. Many women find themselves wrapped in time management and struggle.
However, Sanders focus lies on the definition of men. Over the ages men worked hard hours late into the night to provide for relationship their family. Men were soldiers, warriors, fighting for countries. Sanders has a strong admiration for men over the years, as well as the obstacles they overcame. Some men are business employees and CEOs. These men were not quite as appealing to Sanders; furthermore, he believed that those men did not have the due process, same struggle as the Essay Upheaval, men who worked long hours in the grueling hot sun. Sanders goes on to state that men are essentially allies of women in the business industry. Back to a previous statement, men and women face different obstacles and due process model pressures. The climb to the top appeared much more easier to women. Sanders disagreed with this statement.
For example, his father worked hard in a tire factory and poem eventually ended up as a business man himself working up the ladder. Women have to accomplish obstacles to climb up the ladder as well. However, women were not granted the same rights early on, allowing for a set back. In conclusion, Sanders' The Men We Carry in Our Minds states that there are many different definitions of men. Men have overcomed a variety of struggles to the 21st century, as they have high expectations to live up to. Due Process Model. Sanders' states that men and women are allies of each other against those that are born into a family with certain advances in the working world.
Men are soldiers, hard laborers, warriors, income focused people who drive themselves for the well being of their families. Men are looked down upon Essay on Modernism in Literature as those who look down upon women. Sanders argues that men are just as weak as females in a world filled with high expectations. The definition of a man has been objectified by due process model, society, and will remain defined for centuries to in The Yellow Wallpaper, come. The first story I read was The Men We Carry In Our Minds. After reading this, I found myself looking at different perspectives of not only how men portray woman, but also how woman, myself included, portray men.
Each person has a different opinion on how woman and men are portrayed, and who has “the tougher job.” In this reading, Sanders does a good job of looking at not only the due process model, male/female gender, but also the Modernism, different social classes. He starts off discussing his childhood, and due process model the only The Great type of men and woman he saw. He then continues on describing these men, and how as he grew up, he continued seeing men of a lower working class and how they lived and worked. After Sanders grew up he looked more into the roles of woman and men, trying to describe the due process, lives that they live and work. At the very end he gets into the argument with college females, ones from upper class families, on relationship how the roles that men play are not as efficient as the ones that females have to play daily. Due Process Model. Sande’rs see’s himself as more of an alley with the females than an enemy. Difference And Judaism. He tries to focus his attention to helping woman’s roles be more noticed.
I thought this reading was very well wrote, because it hit both genders at all class levels. Wolfson, Joshua. Due Process Model. “After Suicide, A Family’s Journey Towards Grace.” Star-Tribune. Star-Tribune, 18 Sept. 2011. Web. 16 Oct. The Missouri Compromise. 2011. Junod, Tom. “My Mom Couldn’t Cook.” Esquire. 21 Mar. 2011: Web.
19 Oct. Due Process Model. 2011. In Tom Junod’s paper he basically comes to the conclusion of why his mom disliked cooking so much. In Junod’s current family he is the head chef and cooks for his wife and daughter 300 days a year, which is considered to be unconventional since most gender roles are for the woman to cook for her family. In his childhood family his mother was the main cook and cooked 300 days a year, but according to Junod her food was less than perfect, and he noticed his mother hated cooking. It took Junod to basically become an adult before realizing these two things. Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s “Declaration of Sentiments and the missouri compromise attempted to Resolutions” is an essay published facing the concern of due process model, women’s rights. Stanton was a woman who was an advocate for the American women’s rights movement.
She expresses concern towards equal opportunity in the United States based upon on Modernism in Literature gender. Women were seen merely as people who were below men, their husbands, as well as government. Model. Stanton states that if a woman were to marry, her husband would become her master. A man would make decisions within the on The Great Upheaval, marriage as to how his wife would live, how she would obey him. She goes on further to say that in the law of model, divorce; men also have the upper hand, including custody battles over Modernism in Literature, children. Due Process Model. What does this say about the United States history on the uprising right of women? Women have overcome many obstacles in the course of history. Women were expected to cook, clean, care for the children, and the missouri compromise attempted attend church. Women were not working in due process, “male professions” such as law, medicine, and theology (381). Now, women are still expected to cook, clean, take care of children, and work in many homes across the Essay and Technology: Cavity or Blades?, United States.
By doing so, this evidence inadvertently declares the due process, power of Essay on Upheaval, women in their ability to succeed at anything they try to accomplish. Stanton’s main concern was that if women do not have the right to vote, they do not have the right to due process model, accomplish any sort of task in American society. The voting franchise controls the operation of government; furthermore, the government had control over women without women’s input. Stanton’s passion towards equal rights was a gateway along with many other female activists to work hard in accomplishing, at the time, what was thought to on Golf and Technology: or Blades?, be impossible. Staples, Brent. “Just Walk on By: Black Men and Public Space.” 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology. Due Process Model. Ed.
Samuel Cohen. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. 72-75. Print. Sojourner Truth. “Ain’t I a Woman?” 50 Essays: A Portable Anthology. Ed. Yellow Wallpaper. Samuel Cohen. 2011. Model. 410-411.
In her essay, Sojourner Truth talks about the unfairness between men and woman, and also blacks and whites. She says “That man over there says that women need to and Technology:, be helped into due process model carriages and lifted over ditches and to have the best place everywhere.” But, Truth has never got these luxuries even though she is in fact a woman. On The Great. She also discusses the hard ships that she has had to go through because at one point in due process, her life she was a slave. At the end of on, this essay Truth dismisses any argument men may make about due process, men being better because Christ was man. She asks “where did your Christ come from?” and that answer would be of Essay The Great Upheaval, course a woman. Sojourner Truth is a woman who has dealt with the model, hardships African Americans have experienced over Insanity in The Yellow Wallpaper, decades of time. She is a woman who has been disrespected as a person. In earlier times, men would open carriages for women and to due process, have the best place everywhere. Women were upheld in society, or were they? Sojourner Truth questions the respect that society has portrayed as positive towards women.
She as a woman, have beared thirteen children, all of which were sold to slavery. Why is on Golf Backs, it that she loses her children, while others are upheld with gifts and tidings? Sojourner Truth questions the racism and sexism that drives this country. Now being the 21st century, women are still objectified, especially African American women. She clearly states she has worked just as hard as a man, working in the fields under a hot, dreary sun.
Sojourner played the model, role of man but is looked down upon because she is a woman, a person with feelings and struggles as much as the next. Her essay questions the assumptions society has portrayed for Essay on so long. Has time truly changed the model, outlook on women? Many would argue yes, evidence being the right to Insanity in The Wallpaper, vote and being able to obtain male professions such as doctor and lawyer. Due Process. Those people who are much more aware of the truth in towns and cities everywhere would argue no. The reason behind this being that women are now struggling with bearing children, having a full time job, cooking, cleaning, running errands, etc. Women are expected to achieve so much that they often are not recognized for their hard effort.
Sojourner argues that in the assumption that women are not looked upon as people, men try to justify their actions by assuming gender roles. Time is evidence that preconsumed notions of the way women are expected to live have not changed. The Missouri Compromise. Ain't I A Woman? opens up doors in the fight against sexism and racism. Sojourner advocated for the women's rights in a nation where equality will never exist. Trask, Bahira. Due Process. Traditional Gender Roles (2006).
The Sloan Work and Family Research Network . The Missouri Compromise Attempted. Sloan Family Network, 26 Aug. 2006. Web. Aug.-Sept. 2006.