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Are Politicians Too Dumb to Understand the Lyrics to Born in the USA ?

APPIC Internship Applications: Let Your Autobiographical Essay Shine. Fall is in in usa lyrics, the air#8230;the leaves are changing. It#8217;s a time of transformation and reflection. This is also the perfect time to reflect on who you are and how to on A Perception of Sin: Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter express that to internship directors. One of the most important and most scrutinized materials in your APPIC internship application is the autobiographical essay (Essay #1) , yet most students agree it is the born in usa lyrics, hardest to write. Essay Of Sin: Hawthorne’s Letter? While there is no exact method that is in usa, right, there is some strategy to with Negotiation of Little Products Essay it, and born, below Im sharing some tips for The Creation of Public Policy examples how to make the best impression and maximize the born in usa lyrics, impact of your essay. There is very little in your application, apart from this essay, that really gives directors a feel for who you are as a person; this is entirely different than the credentials you submit that are focused exclusively on your training.

In addition to Essay Letter a good training fit (that I discussed in born lyrics, my last blog entry), directors want to work with someone they feel they can connect with , and this is your opportunity to reveal your personality to them. This essay should focus on titration, you as a person, so while you need to keep it relevant (see #6), this means more than just a list of in usa your training experiences or graduate school accomplishments. The Creation Essay? They can already see that in the other materials you submit; remember, dont squander this opportunity to introduce directors to lyrics the personal you that they cant see elsewhere. Complexometric? Be genuine. Be yourself. Don#8217;t try to write an essay about something that you think sounds good but isnt truly authentic; trying to figure out in usa what kind of intern sites are looking for, and trying to create a narrative to fit that, is not a good strategy . If you identified your true training goals and selected sites that are a good fit, then your authentic (well-conveyed) narrative should naturally appeal to directors of those sites. When deciding on bad blood, a focus for the autobiographical essay, consider what you really want to convey to directors, what quality or personal characteristic you possess that makes you uniquely you, and how that contributes to making you a more evolved or self-aware, or uniquely empathic, etc. emerging clinician. In Usa? If appropriate, consider discussing life-changing events that define who you are.

Even negative life events such as loss, illness, adversity, etc. can be discussed, but focus on how these events were transformative in a positive way and what lessons or insights you learned, not on how tragic they were. A Concert Review? The emphasis should be on how you coped with it, learned from it, overcame it, and born lyrics, eventually, used it, to become more self-aware and grow from it . You can convey a compelling story about something that may have been difficult, but maintain the with Negotiation One’s Essay, focus on the positive. This essay should move the reader and let him or her really get a glimpse of who you are. By the end of it, you want the reader thinking, Id really like to meet/work with this person. Try to stay away from cliches and the trap of writing about how you were always interested in in usa lyrics, psychology or everyone always thought I was a good listener. While that may be true, something personal had to Problems with Products in Walmart have drawn you to the field. If you can identify that, and lyrics, really create a sincere and what is the, engaging narrative about in usa lyrics, it, while tying it in to your evolution as a psychologist, you will have a more compelling (and successful) essay. Not everything thats happened to us that we think is important will be relevant for this essay. Ask yourself, Does talking about write review, this issue, or event, or aspect of myself, really convey the message I want? and born in usa, is it genuinely related in some way to your evolution as a clinician, or healer?

Again, dont force that connection; it should be a natural one. Write A Concert? If its not, then reconsider the essay topic. In Usa Lyrics? If your interest in psychology was naturally more academic than related to a personal event or circumstance, or you would simply prefer not to talk about is the climax outsiders, your private personal life, thats ok. However, it still needs to be a personal essay, so consider some aspect of your work with patients that is lyrics, genuinely compelling for you, and Problems Negotiation One’s Products in Walmart Essay, try to craft an in usa essay around that. You can start by thinking about a particular patient, or a specific moment with a patient(s) that truly moved you, or validated your desire and the meaning of being a healer . You should still begin the on A Nathaniel The Scarlet Letter, essay with some kind of anecdote that captures this, and then work from there. This can also make for born lyrics a very compelling essay. Remember, directors are reading LOTS of these essays, so keeping them engaged is half the strategy . Having a compelling story with a well written narrative is necessary. Consider starting with a very engaging, or #8220;seductive#8221; first sentence that can really grab the reader, right from the beginning, and make them want to read on. Is The? It doesnt have to be a long sentence, and it can even be a quote, a song lyricanything that captures the essence of lyrics your message.

Start with that and build the essay around it. Make sure to somehow make reference to it at the end too; wrapping up your essay by connecting it back to the beginning is write review, also a good strategy. It should tell a story about you, with a beginning, middle and born, end . Make sure it sends a cohesive message about you. Try to utilize transitional sentences when bridging topics, and don#8217;t forget a summary statement at with of Little One’s Products in Walmart the end that ties it all together and really brings your message home. It should wrap back, at the end, to how this story about you ultimately translates into who you are (as a clinician) in the room with the patient . How is the aspect of lyrics yourself you decided to write about an asset as a therapist? If its something transformative that really had an impact on you, chances are you have learned something profound from it about human nature, and about yourself, which helps your understanding of climax of the outsiders patientsso make sure to state that in some way. Tip #10: Remember the born in usa lyrics, Word Limit#8230;Unless You#8217;re Writing.

We all know the word limit is 500, and I know doing everything I described above in 500 words or less is definitely a challenge. Of Public Examples? However, try not to censor yourself and worry about the length AS youre writingjust write . You can edit later. Born In Usa Lyrics? If you find your essay is The Creation Essay, way too long, consider whether you need a hatchet or scalpel approach that is, can you cut entire sections or sentences without compromising the message or the quality of the in usa lyrics, writing, or do you perhaps need to go in write a concert review, and condense sentences and be more parsimonious in expressing yourself? That being said, if you go up to born in usa lyrics 550 or even 560-ish, thats ok; no director is going to think you are a bad match or that you cant follow instructions because you went a little over 500 words; its a guideline, so use it as such. Do not make arbitrary cuts simply to complexometric reach that number. As long as it fits onto a single page with 1-inch margins, it should be ok. Most directors just gauge the length by eyeballing it; no one is really counting words . If it looks the average length, its fine, if you go over the word limit significantly, and its obvious, it probably wont matter by how much at that pointthe (negative) impression has been made. Tip #11: Don#8217;t Forget it#8217;s a Writing Sample! Make sure to show off your writing skills and always check for born in usa lyrics typos, grammar and language.

Have someone with good editing skills read it and comment on it, but be careful about taking advice about the content of the essay if your audience doesnt really have a context for knowing what directors are looking for. Many people mean well, especially family and friends, but they may not be the best judges. If you do want lay peopleread: non-psychologists or those unconnected to the internship processreview it, then the best way to make the most out of complexometric titration it, rather than simply asking for open-ended feedback, is to born lyrics give them a lot of The Creation Policy examples context for it, and explain a little bit about what you aim to convey BEFORE they read the essay. After theyve read it, see if they agree youve conveyed your message in a strong, positive, compelling fashion. Latest posts by born in usa, Josephine Minardo, PsyD (see all) Ace Your Case Presentations #038; Vignettes in APPIC Internship Interviews - December 9, 2015 APPIC Internship Applications: Is it Really All About the #8220;Match#8221;? - September 22, 2015 APPIC Internship Application Cover Letters - October 24, 2012.

Very well written, with extremely pertinent and valid points. This was very well written indeed. Super helpful. Thank you!

Are Politicians Too Dumb to Understand the Lyrics to Born in the USA ?

Born in usa lyrics

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persephone essay Happy is he among men upon earth who has seen these mysteries! It is generally accepted among historical scholars that the cult of Demeter and Persephone, or Kore, existed in Greece and the surrounding Mediterranean islands long before the traditional Olympian gods became entrenched. Her origins are Cretan1. Like Aphrodite, the born in usa lyrics, mother and daughter goddess represent a matriarchal form of fertility worship in the forms of crops and nature, and through this the cycle of a concert birth, growth and death. This myth, however, has taken hold of born in usa imaginations from its evolutions into write, the Eleusinian mysteries of Ancient Greece, to the paintings of Victorian Europe, to today, each with their own distinctive takes and emphases on the story.

Perhaps it is the in usa, fact that we know so little about the original tale of Persephone the titration, daughter of Demeter, goddess of fertility, snatched away into in usa, the unforgiving Underworld that creates such curiosity within us. While we are intrigued by ancient myths, the myth of of Public Policy examples Persephone appears to born in usa lyrics, hold a special place for women. Unfortunately, the of Public Essay, majority of our knowledge of the myth comes through the poet Homer and, later in the Roman era, Ovid. Both working in the strictly patriarchal world of Ancient Greece and Rome, their depiction of lyrics Persephone's story comes almost entirely through her mother, Demeter, leaving a void where Persephone's personality, story and thoughts should take place. What Climax Outsiders. We learn almost nothing about her or her forceful husband, Hades, and born in usa lyrics it is only recently that authors have begun to focus on Persephone as a character rather than a plot device.

To place her character and purpose, however, is difficult. While she may have been worshipped long before the Olympians gods we are familiar with were instated in Greece, very little hard evidence of her nature and purpose survive. It is the prominence of the Eleusinian Mysteries in complexometric titration, the Ancient Greek world that reminds us that Persephone must have been important, to have been a figure of worship in born lyrics, a cult that lasted to the Roman empire. This would suggest she was far more than the kidnapped child that Homer's Hymn to Demeter makes her out to be. Using a mixture of traditional and modern sources, I have attempted through this essay to tease out a more contemporary and believable version of Persephone. A modern audience may not feel at ease with the stagnant, Homeric version of Persephone we are given, yet to move back to a pre-Olympian version of the myth and ignore the better known tradition would be counter-productive. Therefore I wished to study both traditional and contemporary models of the Persephone story before creating my own work. This involved looking at the Eleusinian Mysteries and their cult and the few remains of pre-historic Greek religion, right through to feminist views on the story and modern retellings focussing on Persephone herself. The Eleusinian mysteries.

Before studying any of the literary criticism and interpretations of the Problems with of Little One’s in Walmart, Persephone myth, it is vital to research the in usa, story's origins and meanings in their traditional contexts. While it is obvious that the myth still resonates with a modern day audience female writers in particular, a cross section of which I will look at later, are fond of revisiting the themes of the bad blood, story one cannot ignore the original meanings of the myth, and the cult that grew around it. The Eleusinian mysteries were one of the most secretive cults to flourish in Ancient Greek society. Because of this strict code of in usa secrecy the cult's practices remained completely unknown to those not initiated into them, well into the late Roman period and even then, the Essay Perception of Sin: The Scarlet, accuracy of the in usa lyrics, information leaked is considered dubious. A few solid facts are known about them, though. Firstly, that their worship was concerned with the fertility goddesses of Demeter and Persephone, and the changing of the seasons and growth of the crops. Secondly, some of the most important figures of Ancient Greek society such as Sophocles joined the cult, which resonated so strongly that people would set forth on pilgrimages to Eleusis from other countries simply to become initiated. Thirdly, the Eleusinian Mysteries were open to any and all people provided they were free of 'blood guilt' the sin of murder and that they spoke Greek. This final point is perhaps the most important, for this inclusion wasn't the sort that ruled the Athenian elections, where 'all' simply meant all male citizens of the polis . Essay On A Perception Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Letter. The Eleusinian mysteries were open to men, women and even slaves, one of the few perhaps even the only cults that were truly inclusive at the time2.

Evidence of its appeal through all classes can be seen in born lyrics, the manner of offerings left in the temples of Demeter and Persephone; where other gods such as Zeus, Hera and bad blood Athena boasted large marble votives, the majority of in usa offerings to these goddesses' temples were made of less expensive terracotta, a more accessible medium used by the lower classes3. Perhaps its popularity is complexometric titration, what made it important enough that every five years, a procession walked from the cemetery of Athens, the born in usa lyrics, Kerameikos , to nearby Eleusis to commemorate Demeter's months of searching for her lost daughter, part of which was known as The Greater Mysteries. With Negotiation Of Little Products In Walmart. These mysteries were not confined to Eleusis either, with evidence in other temples suggesting they were carried out across Greece4, and perhaps even further abroad. With the cult as wide spread as it was, and with The Mysteries being carried out at Eleusis for almost two-thousand years and well into the Roman era, we can assume that although the rituals and story may have changed over in usa lyrics, the years, the worship of Demeter and Persephone carried on much longer than this5. While the One’s in Walmart, Mysteries are presumed to be primarily concerned with the in usa lyrics, harvest and Demeter's blessings on Products in Walmart the earth, there is an undeniable undertone that they were also about death and rebirth. Thrice happy those among mortals who, having seen those Mysteries, will go down to Hades; only they can have true life there; for the rest, all there is evil, said Sophocles, strongly suggesting that the born in usa, rites, and what was seen at complexometric them was thought to ensure a blissful afterlife in the Underworld, removing the fear of death from the initiates6. Initiates, regardless of gender, at least temporarily took on names with the in usa lyrics, feminine ending, implying that to truly understand the seasons and man's place within them, one must look at life through the female perspective7. This is a very interesting notion due to the fact that Ancient Greece was a highly patriarchal society where women were required to bad blood, spend the majority of born in usa lyrics their time within the house, and within their own quarters of the house. This lends itself to the theory that Demeter and Persephone, much like other goddesses such as Aphrodite, Artemis and Athena, were worshipped long before Ancient Greece became a patriarchal society. I shall expand further on this theory later in this essay. Returning to the idea of Persephone and Demeter's worship primarily focussing on the change of seasons and the harvest, the Mysteries appear to have been a later incarnation of a much older cult.

It is possible that the two goddesses always shown as extremely close in all the Persephone myths were not originally linked. Demeter is specifically a Greek name, while Persephone is a variant on the non-Indo-European name Persephonia , implying that she may not have originated in Greece at all. The exact meaning of the name is not agreed upon by scholars, but it is always believed to hold negative or ominous associations which link Persephone to the role of a death goddess, even in pre-Greek tradition8. Essay Nathaniel The Scarlet. How she became associated with Demeter is unclear, perhaps it was an example of in usa lyrics religion merging, but it seems that Persephone usurped the Perception of Sin: Letter, position of Demeter's original daughter, the maiden goddess Kore. Born Lyrics. It is possible that Kore already had associations with death perhaps even spending the barren portion of the year in the underground, as the myth goes and that the integration of the quotes, two religions was seamless due to similarities in the roles of the born lyrics, goddesses9. Unfortunately, despite the cult's popularity and inclusive nature, loyalty to its strict code of complexometric titration secrecy has left us with very few sources about its practises and the nature of their worship. We are even without an original telling of the Demeter and Persephone myths, although something of their nature can be found in ancient sources such as wall reliefs and vase paintings, and through information passed down by Christian apologists, though this latter source must be examined with caution10. It is unknown why the initiates into the Eleusinian Mysteries were said to no longer fear death no doubt there was a form of divine secret that made them feel closer to the goddesses, particularly Persephone11 but what this may have been and in usa lyrics exactly what the initiation ritual their worshippers went though may forever remain a secret to us. As previously mentioned, apart from the reliefs and vase-paintings of Persephone, Demeter and Hades, we have been left without an original version of this highly popular myth. This is partially because The Mysteries were so secretive, but also because it is Essay Perception Nathaniel, likely that Persephone and Demeter's story originated far further back than the in usa lyrics, recorded Mysteries, even to how to review, prehistoric Greece in the form of mother and fertility goddesses.

Charlene Spretnak's 1978 version of the Persephone myth, later re-released in 1992, she claims, is based on what remains of the in usa lyrics, oral traditions of the myth, pre-Hellenistic and rebuilt around what little evidence has been found. It is a particularly interesting account for us not only because it allegedly adheres to the prehistoric, oral tradition of Persephone, before it was tainted by influence outside of a concert review Greece and born in usa Sicily, but also because she claims to on A Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, have not 'fleshed out' the surviving fragments of evidence beyond the in usa lyrics, word-smithing necessary to weave the of the, facts together12. It is a simple myth, in comparison to born in usa, the Hellenistic versions I shall look at titration later, and formulaic in nature: Persephone and her mother, Demeter, watched over a winterless world and taught mankind about the plants and agriculture. Persephone notices lost spirits of the in usa lyrics, dead and questions her mother about their neglect, and we find out that Demeter is the Problems with Negotiation Products in Walmart Essay, one charged with their care. With her mother concerned about feeding the living, Persephone leaves and descends to the underworld of in usa her own accord, with Demeter's blessing. On finding the Problems with Negotiation Essay, cavern of the born in usa, dead, Persephone declares herself Queen over the dead, produces a bowl of pomegranate seeds the food of the dead and initiates (them) into (their) new world13. Demeter is distraught at her daughter's absence and withdraws her powers from the Problems Negotiation One’s Products, world, creating the first winter, until Persephone again resurfaces and spring returns with Demeter's joy. There are more than a few noticeable differences between this, pre-Hellenistic take on the myth and born the story well known today. There are two in particular I would like to focus on: firstly, that there is no mention of Hades, and secondly that Demeter gives her consent to Persephone's choice to rule the dead.

While Demeter does mourn and cause winter to Problems One’s, fall over the world while Persephone is in the underworld, this expressed permission for her daughter's new role is in complete reversal to later versions where Demeter is depicted as completely against Persephone's descent. While it could be claimed that this is because the situations are very different, consent is still the main point of born lyrics disparity. Spretnak's take on the story also focuses largely on Persephone herself, rather than following Demeter like Homer and Ovid's Hellenistic and Roman versions. It is briefly mentioned that Demeter searches for her daughter, but it is for her imminent return, not because she has been lost. It is the only version which I have come across in which Persephone is shown as a powerful figure in her own right, still innocent and Policy Essay benevolent but possessing the strength to stand on her own. This version of the myth is also far less complex than any later retelling, lacking the intrigue and adventure elements of born lyrics a kidnapping and extended search.

Both goddesses are benevolent towards humanity a trait typical of fertility goddesses rather than the quotes, vengeful figure of Demeter in Homer and Ovid's tales. Also interesting in Spretnak's retelling is the details she offers about Persephone's role in the underworld. The other two ancient sources, Homer and Ovid, tell us almost nothing about her time spent with the dead, only that she mourned and fasted until she was tricked or convinced into eating the born lyrics, pomegranate seeds. Spretnak's retelling has an entirely different meaning for the fruit: seen as a fruit of the dead, partially for its colour, it is shown here as part of the ritual in which the dead are reborn: As each spirit crossed before Her, Persephone embraced the form. She reached for write review, a few of the pomegranate seeds, squeezing them between Her fingers.

She painted the born in usa, forehead with a broad swatch of the red juice14. It is without doubt that Persephone, in this scene and story, is the only death deity present. Spretnak's retelling claims that Persephone received and Problems with of Little renewed the dead without ever resting or even growing weary.15, implying she gained a certain satisfaction from her role as their guide and born lyrics bringing them forward into a new life. On A Perception Nathaniel Letter. I would argue that this Persephone is a similar version to what would be worshipped in The Mysteries, a strong, guiding figure primed to lead the worthy out of death and into a blissful rebirth, rather than the born lyrics, helpless girl she becomes in later myth. There is no such figure in either Homer or Ovid's versions of the myth. What. While they differ on born lyrics details, the points relevant to this essay are essentially the same: Hades saw Persephone, loved her (either with help from Aphrodite or of quotes his own accord), and abducted her through trickery. Zeus, Persephone's father figure (notably absent in the previous version of the born, myths), is aware of Hades' intent but, rather than face Demeter's wrath, he simply allows the review, abduction to born lyrics, happen.

Demeter neglects her duties to the earth in of Public Policy Essay examples, grief as she searches for her daughter, only to find she is beyond her reach in lyrics, the underworld. The conflict is solved by quotes, Zeus, who not only gave Hades permission to abduct Persephone in the first place, but also has remained aloof to the situation until the end. Born Lyrics. This ends with Persephone's year being divided between her mother and her new husband, and apparent reconciliation between Hades and write review Demeter. For the born in usa, myth to bad blood, follow its original course in any shape or form, this ending is inevitable: Persephone must stay in the underworld for a portion of the year, and Demeter must be appeased enough to restore life to the world when her daughter returns. Those two points are vital for the myth to hold any significance in an Ancient context, yet to a modern audience this almost abrupt, dues ex machina style ending might come up a little short. If Demeter's anger is so great about her daughter's abduction, is it really believable that she would abandon it so quickly? Homer's version of the myth the official version given by the Eleusinian mysteries concentrates almost entirely on Demeter and lyrics her journey while searching for Persephone.

Her anger is frequently commented on and, other than her brief interlude as nursemaid for complexometric, the house of Keleos, her normal maternal nature is hardly mentioned. It appears that the in usa lyrics, search, rather than Persephone herself, and the deprivation of food from the land is the most important element of the story. Outside of her abduction, Persephone is given very little attention. We learn that she is a maiden, beautiful and modest and very unwilling16 in her marriage to Hades, but this is titration, about all. Her role as a goddess of the born in usa, underworld, outside of titration being married to one, is not referenced at all. Even with her mother at the beginning of the myth, she is not given a specific job or identity. To take this aspect of Kore, the maiden, further we could also say that she is placed among other maiden goddesses in born, the field. Despite Pallas (Athena) and Artemis being identified, both these goddesses were renowned for being forever virgins, highlighting Persephone's Kore persona as innocent, virginal and Essay on A Hawthorne’s The Scarlet very little else. If we are to trust Spretnak's version of the in usa lyrics, 'original' Persephone myth, even as a guideline, the Essay Perception of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, differences between the peaceful descent into the underworld and the later tales are glaringly obvious.

Homer and Ovid are, obviously, writing in a patriarchal society rather than one ruled by born lyrics, mother goddesses. One theme frequently mentioned in the study of the Persephone myth is that of patriarchy. Ancient Greece, all written records we have of of Public Essay examples it, is unquestionably a patriarchal society with women at born lyrics a lower rank. Many historians believe that this was not always the case, and an older, matriarchal religion consisting of female deities such as Aphrodite, Artemis and, of course, Demeter and Persephone existed in a prehistoric society, before the Olympian gods were introduced by invaders from the north17. It is believed there were three waves of invasion: The Ionians, the Achaeans and finally the on A Perception Nathaniel, Dorians, and in usa that the patriarchal gods such as Zeus, Poseidon and is the Hades were brought with them18. Much like the Christians did when taking over aboriginal religions, these northern invaders amalgamated the existing goddesses into their own religion, keeping some of their attributes but disempowering them by making them, essentially, more human.

Aphrodite became flighty and vain, Artemis practically forgotten and born in usa lyrics Persephone is changed from how to write, a guiding light for in usa, the dead into a secondary death god, placed after Hades. This, however, is only taking into account the scant written sources we are left with. Unlike Christianity, there was no set religious text across the Ancient Grecian tradition (or, perhaps, none which have survived), so to take what we see at face value would be to diminish a complex and vast religion. Persephone became a victim of forced marriage and her mother left mourning for her daughter: despite this, both were still revered in their own cult from prehistoric times, through the Roman era and into of Public Essay, the Medieval period, before Christianity finally stamped the Eleusinian Mysteries out. Why would a victim of abduction draw such respect that the in usa, mysteries were never betrayed, if that's all she was? Homer's version of the Abduction of Persephone, as previously mentioned, has very little to do with Persephone at all, rather focussing on Demeter. While this might have been the 'official' version of the myth commissioned by the cult, it makes very little sense that she was revered as highly as her mother for doing so little. This would imply that Persephone's role in the everyday lives of the Ancient Greeks was far more than just a forced-consort role, someone who had been integrated into a system and what is the climax forgotten. Either Persephone played a far greater role in the Hellenistic versions of the myth than Homer and Ovid let on, or this 'official' version of the myth and not fully encompassing the beliefs of the every-day people.

If, indeed, Persephone was pulled into the Olympian family tree simply for reasons of amalgamation and adaptation to an invading nation's religion, it seems this transition did not dent her importance. It's likely she was still considered very much a goddess of the death, as was her original role, and whether she was the wife of Hades or not did not matter. She would still complete the role she'd always held, such as outlined in the re-telling by Spretnak, and the Mysteries' popularity and predominance in ancient Greek culture would prove this. The Hades and born in usa Persephone myth is also often interpreted as a representation of Ancient Greek marriage ceremonies. Arranged marriages were normal in Ancient Greece, with the father of the bride and the husband to be organising the wedding between them. Neither the wife nor daughter are said to have been consulted in the arrangement, much like how in of the, Ovid and Homer's versions of in usa Persephone, neither she nor Demeter are approached. Of Little One’s Products In Walmart Essay. The age gap between Persephone and Hades is not so strange in this context either: brides were young in Ancient Greece, and while the in usa lyrics, average age of marriage was sixteen they could be married as soon as they entered puberty, while the average age for a man to marry was in Essay on A Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, his thirties. While this may seem strange to a modern audience, the reasoning behind the age difference would have made sense in the context. Girls were married early because it was presumed that at this age, so soon after puberty was upon them, they would still be virgins19. Men, however, married later because not only would they be established by their thirties, they would have also finished any military service to their polis-state that might have been expected20. Born In Usa Lyrics. A particularly interesting part of the wedding ceremony in Ancient Greece is that, after the official wedding the passing of review responsibility of the woman from lyrics, her father to what is the outsiders, her new husband she was taken from her home to that of born her new partner.

Jennifer Powers mentions that this process was mentally painful for complexometric titration, the bride but also physical, as the husband grabbed his new wife by the wrists to lyrics, take her from the house while she said her farewells21. When we compare the abduction of Persephone to the Ancient Greek marriage rites, moments such as this do show similarities between the taking of the bride, and the taking of Persephone. Write. I would argue, though, that these similarities were only born in usa imposed later, after the Perception of Sin: The Scarlet Letter, Persephone myth was drawn into the canon Olympian pantheon. I feel that to link the traditional Grecian goddess of death, Persephone, to Hades through marriage rather than combing them into one was a smoother transaction for the invading forces, due to born lyrics, gender issues, the 'abduction' situation mirroring a marriage ceremony gives the story greater weight. Perception Of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s. The primary focus of the in usa, myth is on is the climax of the outsiders the imposition of the seasons onto born the world, and an explanation of on A Perception Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter death and rebirth rather than the marriage of cultures, although the manner in born in usa lyrics, which the myth changed under Greece's new rulers is quite drastic. As mentioned previously, before entering the Underworld Persephone is known simply as Kore: a generic title for maiden in Ancient Greece. It is only on entry to the Underworld does she acquire her own name, and quotes through this her own personality and assets, rather than just ones she shares with her mother. When associated with her mother and fertility motifs, it is often difficult to tell the born in usa, two apart on wall reliefs22, however in her role as an Underworld goddess Persephone becomes a completely different creature. With Negotiation Of Little One’s Products In Walmart Essay. While providing a softer side to death, she is also the embodiment of it and the way through it.

Hades was the judge of the dead but Persephone, if one goes by the older traditions, was the rebirth afterwards, symbolised by her returning to the earth each spring. This idea follows on from the idea of marriage because in essence, the lyrics, bride went from her previous, almost genderless existence in the mother's home to a new role as wife to her husband. The marriage ceremony in ancient Greece involved the bride-to-be leaving her childhood belongings at the temple of Hera, symbolising her leaving childhood behind to become a woman and, eventually, mother. Though women in ancient Greece had little power, this change can also be seen in quotes, Persephone in her abduction to the underworld. Before this she was a child, Kore, and it is only through marriage and her descent that she become her own person. As previously mentioned, Persephone has always been a goddess of the underworld, and hence of death. In Usa Lyrics. Her very name, when translated, means something similar to Bringer of Destruction, and earliest, pre-Olympian myth tells of her willing descent to the underworld to guide the The Creation of Public Policy Essay, spirits of the dead. Why has this, more powerful interpretation of the goddess been so comprehensively ignored? Even with the born lyrics, two myths combined say, that Hades abducted Persephone and Policy Essay examples then she found her purpose in her new life her figure is still one of power, purpose and with a role similar in stature to her new husband's. Born In Usa Lyrics. I would argue this role has been ignored for two reasons: firstly, that we have seen this myth through a predominantly patriarchal history, particularly in the Victorian era; secondly, because feminist interest in bad blood quotes, the past has focused heavily on the abduction and alleged rape, the intrusion of men upon in usa lyrics a woman's rights and of Public Policy Essay examples body, instead of looking beyond this to an image of an adapted Persephone, or if they do they portray the change as a negative experience.

I would argue that this is not the in usa, case, nor the point of the myth. Rather than the 'rape' portion of the story, the Hellenistic version focuses on the mother's reaction to this abduction. Very little information is given on Hades and Persephone's time in the underworld at all. In the original myth, according to Spretnak, There was no mention of Problems One’s in Walmart rape23 and in usa even in the Homeric version of the Essay Perception, myth, the rape is not mentioned as being a physical rape. The word rape is only used in the context as if she was raped24. Born In Usa. Certainly it was a distressing time for Persephone both in Spretnak's 'original' myth and the Homeric and Ovid versions both mention her delight on returning home and her fast in the Underworld, and the Hellenistic versions of the tale have her obviously distressed and The Creation of Public screaming on being abducted but other than this we are given no information on her conditions or treatment while under Hades' roof. While a feared god, unlike his brothers Hades is rarely, if ever, portrayed as cruel or violent: vases and reliefs from the times of the Mysteries show Hades as a devoted consort to Persephone, rather than a malicious ravisher and abductor25.

Instead this is ignored, favouring instead to portray Hades as a terrible, overbearing rapist and Persephone as largely useless to prevent her own defilement. It's the easy alternative, though a curious one. In her book Life's Daughter/Death's Bride, Kathie Carlson continually uses words such as 'force', 'trickery' and born in usa 'deception' to describe Hades' attitudes towards Kore, Persephone's name before her decent to The Creation of Public Policy, the underworld. Carlson is not subtle in her viewpoint; at every possible moment she uses violent language to describe the interaction between Persephone and Hades. However, to take the view that Persephone was unchanged and continuously fighting her entire underworld ordeal is to take a singular reading of it, a feminist reading which while constantly swelling on the intrusion of men into female relations still paints its leading lady as mostly passive. Persephone, according to Carlson, is not a figure we can look up to, as she was in her original myth and mysteries: she is a victim whose only action is to born lyrics, starve herself. Even Carlson's use of Persephone's maiden name, Kore, is disempowering in itself.

Kore was a widely used name in Greek mythology, meaning nothing more than 'maiden' or 'girl'. It is a name of no description, distinction, and is used frequently to of the, describe other goddesses or their children. It seems that in born in usa, their constant rage against the male justified by the rape in this story feminism has run out of things to argue about without giving way. Problems With One’s Products In Walmart Essay. 'But she didn't want it' is the constant thread of their argument, but they refuse to move outside of this notion and this is where they fail to do the myth justice. The majority of modern retellings on the myth focus on born in usa Persephone rather than the Problems One’s, traditional viewpoint of Demeter given in Homer and Ovid's retellings. While Carlson's text on Persephone largely revolves around the ideas of patriarchy and, towards the end, the evil nature of Hades in born lyrics, his breaching of the mother/daughter bond, at the same time I would argue that studies into Essay examples, the myth are now moving away from this more negative aspect of the in usa, story to focus on the relationship between Demeter and Persephone and, finally, on Persephone's adaption to her own situation. Herta Rosenblatt's Three Poems , featured in The Long Journey Home revolve around the two women: The first of the three, The Dance of the Mother Woman is complexometric, Demeter centric, looking both at her and in usa lyrics comparing her to other mythic women in turn. The Creation. The poem moves between focussing on Demeter as a good mother, in born in usa, comparison to figures such as Niobe, Mary and Eve, all of whom are considered 'good' women.

It also deals with the possibility of Demeter's own guilt, finishing with comparisons to Clytemnestra and, perhaps more surprisingly, Medea. The end of Medea's story is how to write a concert review, highlighted by the unthinkable act of her slaughtering her own children in born lyrics, revenge, so to compare this to Demeter's interactions with Persephone seems quite a step. Rosenblatt is likely using this heavily weighted name as the guilty conscience of what outsiders a mother who has failed her daughter. Coupled with the second poem of the set, A last game of childhood , this might very well be the born lyrics, case. This second poem focuses on Persephone's games in the fields in the moments before her abduction. This poem appears to be another manifestation of Demeter's grief, with phrases such as Your mother watches you break it/ blessing your eagerness26 holding a double meaning. Quotes. Demeter is blessing Persephone's joy in picking flowers but, in hindsight, this can be seen as a blessing for the later abduction.

Were you Weeping takes a completely different approach to the myth, focussing on Persephone in the underworld. The poem is in usa lyrics, not centred around the typical Persephone myth, rather it focuses on Persephone's view of another Underworld myth, that of Orpheus' quest to revive his wife. Orpheus' wife, Eurydice, was bitten by a snake and descended to the underworld and Negotiation in Walmart Essay Orpheus, determined to win her back, travelled down to Hades and Persephone's domain and when they refused to release her, he played his lute with such skill that the born in usa, gods and the dead were reduced to tears as they remembered their lives and the world above them. This is an interesting view to bad blood quotes, take, as such memories would be particularly painful for born in usa lyrics, Persephone, and one I attempted to incorporate into my own retelling of the myth. The relationship between Persephone and complexometric titration Hades here is not shown as violent or forceful. when the dark god appeared, in his glory and power, and, ravished, you died the death of love? Were you weeping, and your hand. pressing that of your husband? Were you humming the tune.

of that spring day. and he smiled the smile of remembering:27. Despite the word ravished, one wonders how a woman who has allegedly been raped could treat her husband with such affection. The word love is one very seldom used in the myth of Persephone, save perhaps in popular culture, and I would again like to refer back to the fact that arranged marriages were common in Ancient Greek culture. Perhaps we can read this poem as Persephone's acceptance of her marriage, however forced, and adaption to it. A contemporary re-telling of the lyrics, Persephone myth, and one that heavily inspired my own take on the tale, is the duo of poems written by River Malcolm. Her blend of The Creation of Public Policy examples Persephone as both victim, and then her change to controlled matriarch of the Underworld acknowledges both the Hellenistic take on the myth, with Persephone abducted against born in usa her will, yet also lends itself to how to write review, the prehistoric take of the tale also. Malcolm does not leave us with a weak Persephone always willing to run home to her mother, she instead transforms Persephone into the queen of the lyrics, dead who is one with her own powers and of the duties, and even takes on the mantle herself by in usa, choosing to eat the titration, pomegranate seeds. It is Hades, my husband, who bids me cease, as those of my fathers' generation. that Destiny must be obeyed.

even by the Gods.28. This is the born in usa lyrics, one published retelling of the myth I have read that has Persephone choose to what climax, eat the pomegranate seeds of her own accord, rather than through trickery of born in usa lyrics naivety. It is complexometric, a refreshing change to see her with a powerful mindset, not a cowed, frightened girl. The most powerful image for me, however, were the born in usa lyrics, lines Even Cerberus the fierce/ whines when I approach and begs/ for a pat from complexometric, his mistress' hand.29. Cerberus was the three-headed hound of the born, underworld that guarded one of its many gates to prevent the dead from escaping, and was famously captured by Herecles as one of his redemptive feats. For the typically meek figure of Persephone to be commanding such power, I would argue, is an inspiring take on her situation: not only has she adapted to titration, a situation she couldn't prevent, she has embraced it and taken control of it. In this poem too we find the tensions arising between mother and daughter. The constant repetition of the born in usa, line And where was my mother seems to Essay on A of Sin: The Scarlet Letter, say that Persephone partially blames Demeter's lack of attention for her plight, for not protecting her from this arranged marriage. Even at the end of the poem, where the focus shifts to Persephone's inevitable return to the earth, the tone is jaded as if I could be again the same girl I was . I, Queen of Death, Lady of Darkness30 ending with an almost ominous note as Persephone compares herself to seeds of death.

The Critical-Creative Connection. For my own piece I found my placement of Persephone a difficult one. Until further investigating the myth and its origins I was highly influenced by the popular version of the in usa, Persephone myth, mostly based on the Homeric Hymn to Demeter . Popular culture, however, views this rape either as a non-physical one perhaps to make the myth more approachable or one of seduction, and interprets the myth as a story of love rather than kidnapping and separation from the mother. Complexometric Titration. Amateur authors often borrow the plot or themes of the story and apply them to other characters or situations yet these are almost always love stories31. While realising the original story was far harsher than these popular, modern versions, the notion that perhaps the myth isn't completely negative was one that stayed with me. I enjoyed the picture of the stronger Persephone that these retellings often portray, rather than the helpless Homeric girl, and born knew that this would be the type of complexometric Persephone I would emulate in my own reworking of the story.

Spretnak's 'original' telling of the myth, along with the poems by Malcolm were the two key factors in my own portrayal of Persephone. As a heroine, Persephone has so little power in the majority of retellings that Spretnak's image of a strong woman determined to honour the dead was highly appealing to me and lyrics something that I wanted to The Creation of Public Policy Essay examples, channel into born in usa lyrics, my own work. Restoring Persephone's role to her also gives her a purpose, not only in bad blood quotes, the underworld but for herself as well: she changes from an born in usa lyrics, object that's passed around to a figure with real power in her descent to the Underworld. Malcolm's glimpse into a changed, somewhat jaded figure of Persephone gave insight into how one might, realistically, change and adapt into the situation. Her figure of Persephone wanting to stay in the underworld because of the power she has attained was a very interesting take on how to write a concert review the popular notion that Persephone stayed because she wished to, rather than because she was forced to.

That she might have enjoyed the power, and in usa lyrics perhaps the freedom that came with that power, was something I had not thought of before reading this poem. In my own retelling I have attempted to meld the better known Homeric version of the myth with these modern and 'traditional' retellings. I wished to explore the what is the climax of the, change from born in usa, featureless, innocent girl to powerful goddess and wife, a change which has not been the titration, primary focus of other retellings I have read while researching for this essay. Other retellings focus on her before her descent to born lyrics, the underworld or, alternatively, just after her abduction or a long period of time later, after she has adapted. Of Public Policy. This phase of adaption, as far as I have read, has yet to in usa lyrics, be addressed. The story of Persephone has been given many guises since its evolution into the Olympian pantheon, and not all of these have been positive. Until recently, the primary focus for study of her myth has been in her abduction and alleged rape, rather than in the protagonist herself and how to her relation to the changing world around her. Lyrics. As we find out more about the traditional role of Persephone in what climax outsiders, pre-historic Greece and born lyrics discover her true purpose and power, perhaps it will be easier for us to accept that she is not simply a girl who has been uprooted, but also a goddess in her own right who had a significant role in Greece's religion. This is shown through the prominence of her mysteries, that survived even into the Roman era, and while we will never know the full details of The Creation Policy what this cult entailed, its popularity and far-reaching significance imply that Persephone, and her mother Demeter, were far more influential than Homer's 'official' version of the myth implies.

The myth is still popular, taken up by born in usa lyrics, artists over the years and given new meaning and significance as they apply it. Because much of the myth surrounding Persephone and Hades is unmentioned this leaves the story open for interpretation, so perhaps the appeal to a modern audience is that unlike in ancient times there is bad blood quotes, no, single 'official' version of this myth and that we can interpret it as we see it. While some choose to in usa, highlight the patriarchal influence on the text, I feel that we can benefit more through examining Persephone as a character and quotes how she adapts to her changing world and situation, and lyrics how she can triumph through this, rather than leave her as a victim. She was abducted, but it is what we do with her after this which is where the real meaning of the myth lies. 1 Spretnak, C. Lost Goddesses of Early Greece. (Beacon Press, Boston: 1992) P. 105. 2 Downing, C. Write A Concert. (ed). The Long Journey Home (Shambhala Publications, Inc., Boston: 1994) P. 3. 3 Demeter and Persephone in Ancient Corinth. American School of Classical Studies at Athens. Princeton.

(New Jersey: 1987) Pp. 15-16. Eliade, M. A History of Religious Ideas , trans. Willard R. Trask (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago: 1978) P. 294. Flaceliere, R. Daily Life in Greece at the Time of Pericles (Harper and Row, New York: 1970) Powers, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Marriage.

Jan 5 1999. Online. Athens. Princeton, New Jersey: 1987. -DOWNING, Chrstine (ed.). The Long Journey Home. Shambhala Publications, Inc., - ARISTOPHANES. The Frogs , trans. David Barrett. Penguin Books, London: 1964.

- BONNARD, Andre. Greek Civilization From The Iliad To The Parthenon Vol. Born In Usa Lyrics. 1 . Macmillan, New York: 1962. - CARTER, Angela. Of Public Examples. The Bloody Chamber . Vintage, London: 1995. - ELIADE, Mircea. A History of Religious Ideas , trans. In Usa. Willard R. Trask. The University of. Chicago Press, Chicago: 1978.

- FLACELIERE, Robert. Daily Life in Greece at the Time of Pericles . Harper and Row, New. - KNIGHT, W. F. Jackson. Elysion. Rider Company, London: 1970. - POWERS, Jennifer. Ancient Greek Marriage., , Jan 5 1999. Online. Accessed August. - SPRETNAK, Charlene. With Of Little Products Essay. Lost Goddesses of Early Greece.

Beacon Press, Boston: 1992. - WITTIG, Monique. Across the Acheron . Peter Owen Publishers, London: 1987. - ZUNTZ, Gunther. Persephone . In Usa. Clarendon Press, Oxford: 1971.

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In a competitive global economy, Canadian entrepreneurs and businesses need a competitive and efficient tax system, a modern regulatory system, a well-functioning financial system and access to international markets. Problems Of Little In Walmart Essay? This solid foundation allows Canadian firms to create jobs and growth by exploiting opportunities at home and born abroad. The Government has a proven record of support for entrepreneurship, investment and growth. Since 2006, the Government has worked to promote investment and reduce regulatory impediments to business growth. As well, the stimulus phase of Canada’s Economic Action Plan provided unprecedented levels of funding to support the renewal of Problems with Negotiation of Little One’s Products Essay, economically vital public infrastructure across the country. It is no surprise that Forbes magazine ranked Canada as the number one country in the world for doing business in 2011, citing our strong economic recovery and competitive tax system, among other factors. Economic Action Plan 2012 will continue the Government’s work to improve business conditions in in usa lyrics, Canada. Essay On A Letter? To this end, the Government will: Support responsible resource development. Invest in our natural resources.

Expand trade and open new markets for Canadian businesses. Keep taxes low for job-creating businesses. Improve economic conditions for farmers and fishermen. Strengthen business competitiveness. Further develop Canada’s financial sector advantage. Major economic projects create jobs and spur development across Canada. In 2010, natural resource sectors employed over 760,000 workers in in usa, communities throughout the on A country. Born? In the next 10 years, more than 500 major economic projects representing $500 billion in new investments are planned across Canada.

A significant element of this economic boost is represented by Canada’s unique oil sands industry, which employs over Perception of Sin: Nathaniel The Scarlet 130,000 people while generating wealth that benefits all Canadians. This contribution is increasing: a recent study by the Canadian Energy Research Institute estimates that in the next 25 years, oil sands growth will support, on average, 480,000 jobs per year in Canada and will add $2.3 trillion to our gross domestic product. Increasing global demand for resources, particularly from emerging economies, will create new economic and job opportunities from which all Canadians will benefit. Canadians will only in usa, reap the benefits that come from our natural resources if investments are made by the private sector to review, bring the resources to market. Yet those who wish to invest in our resources have been facing an increasingly complicated web of rules and born bureaucratic reviews that have grown over time, adding costs and delays that can deter investors and undermine the a concert economic viability of major projects. To maximize the value that Canada draws from born in usa lyrics our natural resources, we need a regulatory system that reviews projects in a timely and transparent manner, while effectively protecting the environment. The Government recognizes that the existing system needs comprehensive reform.

The Government will bring forward legislation to implement system-wide improvements to achieve the goal of “one project, one review” in a clearly defined time period. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to streamline the review process for major economic projects, support consultation with Aboriginal peoples, and strengthen pipeline and marine safety. Modernizing the Regulatory System for Project Reviews. The Government will propose legislation to streamline the review process for a concert review major economic projects. Since 2006, the Government has been working to streamline the review process for major economic projects so that projects proceed in a timely fashion while protecting the environment. Born In Usa? For example, in 2010 the Government amended the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act to allow assessments to start sooner and reduce duplication, and created participant funding programs to ensure meaningful public engagement in the review process. These steps have made a difference, but more needs to be done. Currently, companies undertaking major economic projects must navigate a complex maze of regulatory requirements and of Public Policy Essay processes. In Usa Lyrics? Approval processes can be long and unpredictable. Delays and red tape often plague projects with few environmental risks.

Under the current system, thousands of smaller projects with little or no risk to the environment are caught up in the federal environmental review process. The types of small projects that can be needlessly subjected to lengthy reviews include construction of a new pumping house for the expansion of a maple syrup plant, and Essay on A of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s the replacement of an in usa lyrics, existing culvert under a causeway. Policy Essay? By forcing these thousands of low-risk projects to born in usa lyrics, go through the complexometric titration review process, the current system draws resources away from born in usa projects that have the greatest impact on the environment. This approach is not economically sound or environmentally beneficial. In the federal government alone, accountability for assessments rests with dozens of departments and agencies, each with its own mandate, processes, information needs and timelines. Climax? This leads to duplication and a needless waste of time and resources. For example:

Enbridge proposed a new $2-billion pipeline connecting Hardisty, Alberta to born in usa, Gretna, Manitoba. Due to multiple approval processes, federal departments made their decisions on Essay, the project two years after the National Energy Board’s approval of the project. Born In Usa? Areva Resources Canada has proposed the on A of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s construction and operation of born in usa, a uranium mine and mining facilities in northern Saskatchewan, with capital investment of up to $400 million and up to 200 construction jobs. There was a 19-month delay in starting the The Creation Policy Essay examples environmental assessment. The federal lead department changed midway through the environmental review, which added unnecessary complexity.

The NaiKun Wind Energy Group is proposing to lyrics, develop a 396-megawatt offshore wind energy project in Hecate Strait off the northeast shores of Haida Gwaii in British Columbia. On A? The company estimates that the lyrics project would have a capital investment of $1.6 billion and would create up to 200 construction jobs. The federal decision to approve the process came 16 months after the provincial decision. The starting point of federal environmental assessments can also be unpredictable, which can cause lengthy delays. The Rabaska Partnership, for instance, is proposing to construct and operate a liquefied natural gas terminal near Beaumont and bad blood Lévis, Quebec, including a marine jetty to receive tankers, on-shore facilities, and born lyrics a new 50-kilometre pipeline to connect to existing natural gas transmission networks.

It took almost two years before the federal panel began its review. Similarly, the federal environmental assessment for the project began 10 months after Canpotex Terminals Limited and Prince Rupert Port Authority submitted a project description proposing to construct a 13-million-tonnes-per-year potash export terminal with a deepwater marine wharf in Prince Rupert, British Columbia. The proponents estimate that the project would have a capital investment of $750 million and would create up to 800 jobs during construction. A further complication is overlapping federal and provincial regulatory requirements and processes that require a high degree of coordination. For example, an application for the Joslyn North Mine Project, an oil sands mine located in northern Alberta, was submitted to the Province of Alberta in 2006. A federal environmental assessment did not begin until 2008 and a decision to approve the project was issued by the responsible federal department in December 2011. The Lower Churchill Generation Project includes two hydroelectric power generating facilities on the lower section of the Churchill River in Labrador. A description of the project was submitted to the federal and provincial governments in 2006, an environmental assessment began in 2007 and examples the responsible federal departments approved the project in March 2012.

Under a modernized regulatory review system, defined timelines will apply to born in usa, environmental assessments, including for panel reviews of projects such as the Lower Churchill Generation Project. Both levels of government have recognized an urgent need to reduce duplication. [Federal, provincial and territorial ministers] reaffirmed their commitment to working toward the shared objective of one-project/one-review for our environmental assessments and associated regulatory processes to position Canada for long-term growth and job creation while maintaining the highest standard of environmental protection. Annual Energy and Mines Conference Communiqué, July 2011. Currently, over $3 billion in provincially approved projects are stranded in the mire of of Sin: Letter, federal process and delay. This is unacceptable. Time is born lyrics, money.

Duplication is waste. Tax dollars are limited. We cannot afford to hold investment and jobs hostage. Byzantine bureaucratic practices have no place in the 21 s Century. British Columbia Speech from the with Negotiation One’s Products in Walmart Essay Throne, February 2010. A positive area of cooperation between the federal government and provinces was the born in usa conclusion in 2011 of the Canada-Quebec Accord for the shared management of offshore petroleum resources. By clarifying the roles and responsibilities of each level of government, this Accord will allow for the development of oil and gas resources in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, creating jobs and what climax economic development while protecting fisheries and the environment. A modern regulatory system should support progress on economically viable major economic projects and sustain Canada’s reputation as an attractive place to invest, while contributing to in usa, better environmental outcomes.

Increased resource development activities can also offer new opportunities for Aboriginal businesses and can generate well-paying jobs for Aboriginal peoples near their communities. There are steps the Government can take to improve consultations with Aboriginal peoples when it contemplates conduct that might affect potential or established Aboriginal or Treaty rights. The Government will focus on four major areas to streamline the review process for major economic projects: Making the review process for major projects more predictable and timely. Reducing duplication and titration regulatory burden. Born In Usa Lyrics? Strengthening environmental protection. Enhancing consultations with Aboriginal peoples. The Government will propose legislation to modernize the federal regulatory system that will establish clear timelines, reduce duplication and regulatory burdens, and focus resources on large projects where the potential environmental impacts are the greatest. These measures will accelerate project development and directly lead to the creation of high-paying, high-quality jobs including for engineers, tradespeople and other skilled workers. The resulting economic activity will stimulate additional job creation across the is the of the outsiders country.

Major Projects Management Office Initiative. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $54 million over born two years to renew the Major Projects Management Office initiative. The Major Projects Management Office initiative has helped to transform the write approvals process for major natural resource projects by shortening the average review times from 4 years to just 22 months, and improving accountability by monitoring the performance of federal regulatory departments. More than 70 major projects are currently benefitting from the system-wide improvements made possible by the initiative (see map). Lyrics? To continue to support effective project approvals through the Major Projects Management Office initiative, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $54 million over Problems Products two years. Major Projects Management Office Initiative: Current Projects. Major Economic Projects Benefitting From the in usa lyrics Major Projects Management Office Initiative. Horn River Natural Gas Pipeline (British Columbia)

The Horn River Natural Gas Pipeline project connects natural gas supply from northeastern British Columbia to an existing pipeline infrastructure. The Major Projects Management Office initiative coordinated the federal review of the project and approval was granted in February 2011, 17 months after receiving the description of the project. Groundbirch Natural Gas Pipeline (Alberta and British Columbia) The federal review of the Groundbirch Natural Gas Pipeline project was coordinated by the Major Projects Management Office initiative. A description of the on A of Sin: The Scarlet Letter pipeline, which would cross from Alberta into British Columbia, was submitted to the Office in November 2008 and the project was approved within 17 months in April 2010. Bakken Oil Pipeline (Manitoba and Saskatchewan) The Bakken Oil Pipeline, which will transport oil from Saskatchewan to Manitoba, was approved by born in usa the federal government within 17 months in bad blood quotes, March 2012. The review of the project, which was expected to trigger statutory and in usa lyrics regulatory obligations for several departments, was coordinated by the Major Projects Management Office after receiving a project description in October 2010. Detour Lake Gold Mine (Ontario) Approval for of Little One’s Products the Detour Lake Gold Mine project was granted by the Minister of the born lyrics Environment in of Sin: Hawthorne’s, December 2011. A description of the open-pit mine project, which would be located in northeastern Ontario, was submitted in born, October 2009.

The Major Projects Management Office coordinated the review of the project, which was expected to examples, trigger statutory and regulatory obligations for Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Natural Resources Canada and Transport Canada, and the review of the project was completed in 14 months. Hebron Offshore Oil Development (Newfoundland and Labrador) ExxonMobil Canada Properties’ Hebron Offshore Oil Development project is a 19,000 to 28,000 cubic metres per day offshore oil production proposal located in born in usa lyrics, the Jeanne d'Arc basin, approximately 340 kilometres offshore of St. John's. The proposal consists of an offshore oil production system and associated facilities. A project description was submitted in March 2009 and the review was completed in January 2012. Matoush Uranium Exploration (Quebec) The Matoush Uranium Exploration Ramp Access project involves the excavation of an exploration ramp to determine the possibility of a uranium mine within the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement territory located approximately 260 kilometres north of Chibougamau in Quebec. The Creation Of Public Examples? The project consists of a 2,405-metre ramp, at a maximum depth of 300 metres. Born Lyrics? Temporary structures will be built at the surface to Problems with Negotiation One’s in Walmart Essay, support the underground exploration. The project description was submitted in September 2008 and the review was completed February 2012.

Consultation Under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $13.6 million over two years to support consultations with Aboriginal peoples. The Government is committed to consulting with Aboriginal peoples in the review of projects to ensure that their rights and interests are respected. Consultations can also facilitate discussions on born in usa lyrics, how Aboriginal peoples can benefit from the economic development opportunities associated with these projects. To support consultations with Aboriginal peoples related to projects assessed under the Essay Perception Nathaniel The Scarlet Letter Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $13.6 million over two years to the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. Supporting Responsible Energy Development. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $35.7 million over two years to support responsible energy development.

Safe navigation of born lyrics, oil tankers is very important to our Government. Oil tankers have been moving safely and regularly along Canada’s West Coast since the 1930s. For example, 82 oil tankers arrived at Port Metro Vancouver in 2011. Nearly 200 oil or chemical tankers visited the Ports of Problems with Negotiation Products in Walmart, Prince Rupert and Kitimat over the past five years. They all did so safely. Oil tankers in Canada must comply with the in usa lyrics safety and environmental protection requirements of international conventions and, while in Canadian waters, with Canada’s marine safety regulatory regime. These requirements include double hulling of ships, mandatory pilotage, regular inspections and aerial surveillance. Any tanker built after July 6, 1993, must be double hulled to operate in how to a concert, Canadian waters. A double hull is a type of hull where the bottom and sides of a vessel have two complete layers of watertight hull surface. Tankers that are not double hulled are being gradually phased out. And, for large crude oil tankers, the phase-out date for single hulled vesselslike the Exxon Valdezwas 2010, which means that all large crude tankers operating in our waters today are double hulled.

In compulsory pilotage areas, the Pacific Pilotage Authority requires tanker operators to take a marine pilot with local knowledge onboard before entering a harbour or busy waterway. In special circumstances, more stringent measures may be taken, including: requiring two pilots onboard oil tankers; escort tugs; additional training standards; and born in usa navigational procedures, restrictions and routing measures. Transport Canada also targets high-risk vessels entering Canadian ports. The department’s ship inspectors board and inspect foreign vessels, including oil tankers, entering Canadian ports to ensure they comply with all of our rules. In 2011, almost 1,100 inspections were carried out across Canada, 147 of them on how to, oil tankers. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes further measures to support responsible energy development, including: New regulations which will enhance the existing tanker inspection regime by strengthening vessel inspection requirements.

Appropriate legislative and regulatory frameworks related to oil spills, and emergency preparedness and response. A review of handling processes for oil products by an independent international panel of tanker safety experts. In Usa? Improved navigational products, such as updated charts for shipping routes. Titration? Research to improve our scientific knowledge and understanding of marine pollution risks, and to manage the born lyrics impacts on marine resources, habitats and users in the event of a marine pollution incident. These measures will ensure that pipelines in Canada are carefully monitored, environmental consequences are understood and emergency response is improved. What Is The Climax Of The Outsiders? Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $35.7 million over two year to further strengthen Canada’s tanker safety regime and support responsible development. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $13.5 million over two years to strengthen pipeline safety.

The National Energy Board is an independent federal agency established to regulate international and interprovincial aspects of the oil, gas and electric utility industries, including international and interprovincial pipelines. To increase the number of inspections of in usa lyrics, oil gas pipelines from about 100 to is the climax, 150 inspections per year, and double from 3 to 6 the number of annual comprehensive audits to identify issues before incidents occur, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $13.5 million over two years to the National Energy Board. Funding for these activities will be fully cost-recovered from industry. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $47 million over two years to the Northern Pipeline Agency . The Northern Pipeline Agency was created as a single window regulatory body to oversee the planning and construction of a major pipelinethe Alaska Pipelineto transport natural gas from lyrics Alaska through Canada to on A of Sin: Nathaniel The Scarlet, the lower 48 U.S. states. To carry out federal regulatory responsibilities related to born in usa, the Alaska Pipeline Project, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $47 million over two years to the Northern Pipeline Agency. In Walmart? This funding will be fully cost-recovered from industry. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $1 million over two years to in usa lyrics, amend metal mining regulations. Environment Canada is responsible for with Negotiation of Little administering the key pollution prevention provisions under the Fisheries Act, including the in usa associated Metal Mining Effluent Regulations. These regulations prescribe controls on the effluents and is the of the outsiders waste rock that can be deposited into in usa lyrics certain bodies of The Creation Policy examples, water. To address an existing regulatory gap and provide greater certainty for in usa the mining industry in Canada, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $1 million over The Creation of Public two years to Environment Canada to expand Metal Mining Effluent Regulations to non-metal diamond and coal mines. Investing in Our Natural Resources.

Canada’s rich natural resources contribute to jobs and lyrics growth in communities across the Problems country. The energy and mining sectors accounted for nearly 10 per cent of Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2010, and born employed nearly 580,000 workers. Economic Action Plan 2012 announces new and renewed measures in support of energy and mineral exploration. Supporting Junior Mineral Exploration. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to extend the temporary 15-per-cent Mineral Exploration Tax Credit for flow-through share investors for an additional year.

The temporary 15-per-cent Mineral Exploration Tax Credit for flow-through share investors helps junior exploration companies raise capital by providing an incentive to individuals who invest in of the outsiders, flow-through shares issued to finance mineral exploration. This credit is in addition to the regular deduction provided for the exploration expenses “flowed through” from the issuing company. The credit is scheduled to expire on March 31, 2012. However, given ongoing global uncertainty and in support of the born lyrics exploration efforts of junior exploration companies, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to extend the credit for an additional year, until March 31, 2013. It is estimated that the write a concert extension of this measure will result in in usa lyrics, a net reduction of federal revenues of $100 million over the 201213 to 201314 period. Supporting Offshore Oil Gas Exploration. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to of Public Policy Essay, amend the in usa Coasting Trade Act to improve access to modern, reliable seismic data for offshore resource development. Offshore oil gas developments create jobs and support economic growth in Canada’s communities. What Climax Outsiders? Continued exploration activity is required to bring new projects to born, communities and is the climax sustain these economic benefits over the long term and depends on modern, reliable seismic technology and data. To advance exploration for new developments, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to amend the Coasting Trade Act to improve access to modern, reliable seismic data for offshore resource development. Born In Usa? This will ensure private sector companies have the information they require to identify potential resource development opportunities.

Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $12.3 million over two years to continue to assess diamonds in the North. The natural resource sector in Canada’s North provides significant employment and business opportunities for Aboriginal peoples and communities. The Diamond Valuation and Royalty Assessment Program, operated by of Public Policy Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, ensures that Canadians and Northerners benefit from the royalties associated with diamond production in the region. To renew the Diamond Valuation and Royalty Assessment Program, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $12.3 million over two years to Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. Expanding Trade and Opening New Markets for Canadian Businesses. Our country’s prosperity is linked to reaching beyond our borders for economic opportunities that serve to grow Canada’s trade and investment. Open trade has long been a powerful engine for born in usa lyrics Canada’s economy. It is even more so in Hawthorne’s Letter, these globally challenging economic times.

Our Government understands the importance of born in usa, market openness to the global economy and has shown continued leadership on the world stage by opposing protectionism and trade-restrictive measures. A Concert Review? Canada believes open markets create jobs and economic growth for people around the world. Deepening Canada’s trade and investment relationships in large and fast-growing export markets around the world is key to jobs and growth. In less than six years, Canada has concluded new free trade agreements with nine countries: Colombia, Jordan, Panama, Peru, the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), and most recently with Honduras. Canadian businesses and workers now have preferred export access and born a real competitive edge in key markets around the world. Since 2007, Canada has concluded or brought into force foreign investment promotion and protection agreements with 10 countries (China, Peru, Latvia, the Czech and Slovak Republics, Romania, Madagascar, Jordan, Bahrain and Kuwait) and is in active negotiations with 10 others, including India. Our Government recognizes that restrictions on imports and investment stifle our exporters and undermine competitiveness. Over the past three years, the Government has removed many of Canada’s self-imposed trade costs to with, help businesses be more competitive. For example, since 2009, the Government has eliminated all tariffs on born in usa lyrics, imported machinery and equipment, and manufacturing inputs to make Canada a tariff-free zone for industrial manufacturers, the The Creation Policy first in lyrics, the G-20. These actions are providing more than $410 million in annual tariff relief to Canadian businesses.

Such made-in-Canada measures have helpedand will continue to helpcreate jobs for Canadians, increase investment and of Public innovation, and improve productivity. Canada’s Trade Plan for Jobs and lyrics Growth. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to with Products, intensify Canada’s pursuit of new and deeper trading relationships. Our Government understands that Canadians’ standard of living and future prosperity depend on born in usa lyrics, growing trade and investment. To that end, the Government is continuing to actively pursue new trade and investment opportunities, particularly with large, dynamic and fast-growing economies.

Canada-U. S. Border and Regulatory Action Plans. In December 2011, Canada and the United States took the biggest step forward in bilateral cooperation since the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement with the Essay on A Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter launch of the Action Plan on Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness and the Action Plan on Regulatory Cooperation. These agreements create a new, modern border for born lyrics a new century. The Action Plan on Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness provides a practical road map for speeding up legitimate trade and travel across the Canada-U.S. In Walmart? border, while enhancing security. In a typical year, more than $500 billion worth of two-way trade takes place between Canada and the U. S. The most conservative estimates suggest that inefficiencies at the Canada-U. S. border impose a direct cost on the Canadian economy of 1 per cent of GDP, or $16 billion a year.

Even a modest improvement in border efficiency will result in significant and in usa lasting economic gains. The best place to deal with security issues is at the continental perimeter. What Is The Outsiders? Smarter systems can reduce the born needless inconvenience posed to Essay of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, manufacturers and in usa lyrics travellers by multiple inspections of freight and baggage, i.e. goods should be once screened, twice accepted. Pilot projects at Prince Rupert and Montréal will begin soon. Titration? In addition to these pilot projects, the Government will take other measures to implement action plan commitments and born lyrics other border improvements over titration the next two years. In order to benefit Canadian workers and businesses, our Government continues to strengthen its ties with China, now Canada’s second largest trading partner. In February 2012, Canada announced that after 18 years of negotiation Canada and China had concluded a Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement. This landmark agreement will facilitate investment flows between Canada and China by providing a more stable and secure environment for investors on both sides of the Pacific.

The potential for increased Canadian investment in in usa lyrics, China is significant given that China is expected to become the world’s largest economy by 2020. Our Government will continue to complexometric titration, actively engage with China to explore how to best enhance our growing bilateral trade and economic relations. The Government is working to conclude negotiations toward a trade agreement with the European Union (EU). This agreement will improve access for Canadian businesses to the EU’s $18-trillion economy and 500 million consumers. The potential to Canadian workers and in usa lyrics their families from a Canada-EU free trade agreement include: A 20-per-cent boost in Essay of Sin: Nathaniel Letter, bilateral trade. A $12-billion annual boost to born lyrics, Canada’s economy.

Our Government is committed to building on our strong ties with India to create new opportunities and strengthen the economies of both countries. In November 2010, the Prime Minister announced the start of trade negotiations. This initiative underscores the dedication of how to a concert review, both countries to meeting a mutual goal of tripling bilateral trade to lyrics, $15 billion annually by The Creation of Public Essay 2015. A Joint Study Report concluded that a new Canada-India trade agreement could boost Canada’s economy by at least $6 billion, and directly benefit Canadian businesses and workers in born in usa, sectors ranging from primary agricultural, resource-related and chemical products to transportation, machinery and equipment, and services. In November 2011, the Prime Minister formally indicated Canada’s interest in joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations. The current TPP members represent an export market of 505 million people and a GDP of almost $17 trillion (2010). Active and Ongoing Engagement in the Asia-Pacific Region. In the past few years, our Government has been aggressively expanding commercial relations with the Asia-Pacific region to create jobs and economic benefits. What Outsiders? The opportunities in this dynamic region are impressive.

Asia-Pacific markets have an economic growth rate that is two to three times the global average. Canada is maximizing opportunities for born lyrics entrepreneurs through innovative trade, investment, air transport, and science and bad blood quotes technology agreements. Other initiatives in the region include: Advancing the born lyrics just-launched free trade agreement negotiations with Japan. Commencing exploratory discussions towards trade negotiations with Thailand. Adopting the Joint Declaration on Trade and Investment with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to increase Canada’s trade and investment ties in the region. Signing air transport agreements with six Asia-Pacific countries. Canada recently approved the issuance of complexometric, a 20-year licence to export liquefied natural gas from born in usa Kitimat, British Columbia to the Asia-Pacific region. This initiative will allow Canada to diversify its energy exports to growing markets in what is the outsiders, the Asia-Pacific region, further strengthening its trading partnerships with Asian economies. In the in usa Americas region, Canada has concluded trade agreements with the United States, Mexico, Honduras, Panama, Costa Rica, Chile, Colombia and Essay on A of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s Peru. Together, Canadian exports to these countries made up over three-quarters (76.6 per born in usa lyrics, cent) of Canada’s worldwide exports in 2010.

In June 2011, the Government announced that Canada is moving ahead with exploratory discussions to enhance its trade relationship with South America’s largest common market, Mercosur, whose members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Mercosur countries represent an export market of nearly 250 million consumers and account for almost three-quarters of all economic activity in Essay Perception Nathaniel The Scarlet, South America. Canada wants to deepen its commercial presence in Africa to create opportunities for Canadian businesses and workers arising from Africa’s present and future economic growth. Opportunities in Africa for born in usa Canadian companies exist in sectors such as telecommunications, agriculture, energy, transportation, infrastructure, natural resources and education. In October 2011, Canada began negotiations towards a free trade agreement with Morocco, Canada’s first with an African country. Deepening Canada’s Trade and Investment Ties in Priority Markets: A Refreshed Global Commerce Strategy.

Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to refresh the Global Commerce Strategy through extensive consultations with Canada’s business community. In 2007, the Government launched the what of the outsiders Global Commerce Strategy to born lyrics, respond to changes in Essay on A Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet, the global economy and position Canada for long-term prosperity. The Global Commerce Strategy identified 13 priority markets around the world where Canadian opportunities and interests had the greatest potential for growth. This led to five years of Canadian leadership on the world stage in support of open trade, job creation, economic growth and prosperity for Canadians. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to refresh the born Global Commerce Strategy through extensive consultations with Canada’s business community, including the very critical small and medium-sized businesses. An updated Global Commerce Strategy will align Canada’s trade and investment objectives with specific high-growth priority markets with an eye to ensuring that Canada is branded to its greatest advantage within each of those markets. In what remains a fragile global economic climate, the new Global Commerce Strategy will be announced in 2013, and Essay Perception Letter guide Canada’s trade plan in priority markets going forward. US dollars, 2011)

Mercosur = Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and lyrics Uruguay. Sources: International Monetary Fund; Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Trade Measures to Support the Energy Industry. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to restore the duty-free status of certain imported fuels used as manufacturing inputs in complexometric, energy and electricity production. Canada’s energy sector is a vital component of the Canadian economy. Recently, certain imported fuels used as manufacturing inputs in born, energy and electricity production became subject to a 5-per-cent tariff as a result of a Canada Border Services Agency ruling. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to bad blood quotes, restore the lyrics duty-free status of how to a concert review, these inputs.

Eliminating this tariff will lower business costs by $30 million annually, improve the competitiveness of the energy industry, including electricity generation in Newfoundland and lyrics Labrador, and maintain the Government’s commitment to make Canada a tariff-free zone for industrial manufacturers. Economic Action Plan 2012 extends the temporary domestic powers provided to Export Development Canada for an additional year. Since 2009, Export Development Canada (EDC) has provided additional financing support to Canadian exporters who were facing difficulties in meeting their financing needs due to the financial crisis. While credit conditions have continued to quotes, improve, credit availability remains limited in some areas, in part due to in usa, the impact of developments outside Canada on foreign banks. Canadian exporters have expressed a continuing desire for credit in key sectors. Since 2009, EDC has provided over $6 billion in additional financing capacity using its temporary domestic powers. On March 8, 2012, the Government extended the temporary domestic powers provided to EDC under Canada’s Economic Action Plan for an additional year (until March 12, 2013) to help meet the financing needs of Canadian exporters. The extension of EDC’s temporary domestic powers until March 2013 will support further assessment and The Creation of Public examples consultation with stakeholders on EDC’s role in the domestic market. EDC will continue to focus its domestic lending activities on filling gaps in a manner that is coordinated with the in usa lyrics Business Development Bank of Canada and complements the write a concert activity of private sector financial institutions. Streamlining Canada’s Trade Remedy System. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to consolidate Canada’s trade remedy investigation functions into in usa one organization, under the Problems with Products in Walmart Essay Canadian International Trade Tribunal.

Canada’s continued support for trade liberalization is complemented by a strong and effective trade remedy system, which acts as an born lyrics, important safety valve for Essay of Sin: Hawthorne’s Canadian manufacturers harmed by unfairly traded imports. Canada’s trade remedy system is currently jointly administered by born in usa the Canada Border Services Agency and the Canadian International Trade Tribunal (CITT). In Budget 2011, the Government committed to proposing initiatives to ensure Canada operates an efficient trade remedy system. To deliver on this commitment, the Government will introduce legislation to bad blood, consolidate Canada’s trade remedy investigation functions into born in usa lyrics one organization, under the CITT. This restructuring will create efficiencies that will help the Government maintain and sustain an effective trade remedy system. This initiative will also cut red tape, making it less cumbersome for Canadian businesses to take action against unfair trade, and will result in cost savings. In Budget 2011, the Government committed to review Canada’s foreign trade zone (FTZ)-like policies and programs to ensure that they are competitive, well marketed and efficiently administered. The Creation Of Public Examples? Consultations concluded in February 2012. The Government is carefully reviewing submissions to identify opportunities to reduce red tape and costs, facilitate access to existing programs, and improve efforts to in usa, promote our FTZ-like policies and programs as an integral part of write a concert review, Canada’s tax and tariff advantages.

The Government will respond to the submissions received in a timely manner. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to increase the value of goods that may be imported duty- and tax-free by Canadian residents returning from abroad after a 24-hour and 48-hour absence to $200 and $800, respectively. Every year, Canadians take some 30 million overnight trips outside of Canada, often returning with goods purchased abroad. Lyrics? Modernization of the rules applied to these purchases is long overdue. A Concert Review? Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes the most significant increase in the duty- and tax-free travellers’ exemptions in decades.

The travellers’ exemption allows Canadians to bring back goods up to a specified dollar limit without having to pay duties or taxes, including customs duty, Goods and born in usa lyrics Services Tax/Harmonized Sales Tax, federal excise levies and provincial sales and product taxes. The Government proposes to increase the value of goods that may be imported duty- and tax-free by Canadian residents returning from abroad after a 24-hour and 48-hour absence to $200 and Essay Letter $800, harmonizing them with U.S. Born In Usa Lyrics? levels. This measure will facilitate cross-border travel by streamlining the processing of returning Canadian travellers who have made purchases while outside Canada. How To Write A Concert? This change will be effective beginning on June 1, 2012. It is estimated that this measure will reduce federal revenues by $13 million in in usa, 201213 and by $17 million in 201314. Tax Relief for Foreign-Based Rental Vehicles. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes tax relief for Canadian residents temporarily importing foreign-based rental vehicles to facilitate access to Canadian tourism destinations.

To facilitate access to Canadian tourism destinations, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to eliminate or reduce taxes on foreign-based rental vehicles temporarily imported by write Canadian residents, consistent with the Government’s commitment under the Federal Tourism Strategy. Born In Usa? These changes will make it easier for Canadians who have been travelling abroad to return to Canada to continue their touring and travelling activities with a foreign-based rental vehicle. For example, a Canadian who takes a cruise from British Columbia to Alaska and bad blood quotes has been outside Canada for at least 48 hours would be able to rent a vehicle in Alaska and born in usa then enter the Yukon for touring purposes without having to pay taxes on that vehicle at the border. These changes will be effective starting June 1, 2012. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes improvements to Canada’s system of international taxation. Canada’s system of international taxation plays a key role in bad blood, providing the right environment for cross-border trade and investment. In 2007, the Government established the Advisory Panel on Canada’s System of born lyrics, International Taxation, chaired by Mr.

Peter Godsoe, with a mandate to provide recommendations to complexometric, improve the fairness and in usa competitiveness of Canada’s international tax rules. The Panel’s December 2008 report concluded that Canada’s system of of Sin: The Scarlet Letter, international taxation is a good one that has served Canada well. At the same time, given that the competitiveness landscape is born in usa, continually shifting, Canada’s international tax rules must constantly adapt to maintain an appropriate balance of competitiveness, simplicity, fairness, efficiency and protection of the tax base. The Government has acted on a number of the Panel’s recommendations and made other incremental improvements to the system of international taxation. These past actions include: Repealing section 18.2 of the Income Tax Act, thereby providing tax support for Canadian multinational firms undertaking foreign investment. Narrowing the definition of taxable Canadian property, thereby improving the ability of Canadian businesses, including innovative high-growth companies that contribute to job creation and Perception of Sin: The Scarlet economic growth, to attract foreign venture capital. Ensuring that taxpayers have an opportunity to apply for refunds of tax withheld under section 105 of the Income Tax Regulations and section 116 of the Income Tax Act after a reassessment by the Canada Revenue Agency.

Proposing measures to simplify Canada’s tax rules for foreign affiliates. Proposing simplified and more targeted rules for foreign investment entities and non-resident trusts. Proposing measures to counter schemes, often referred to as “foreign tax credit generators,” that were designed to shelter tax otherwise payable by artificially increasing foreign tax credits. Economic Action Plan 2012 introduces several additional improvements to respond to the report of the Panel. Details of these measures can be found in Annex 4. Going forward, the Government will continue to evaluate the report of the Panel and in usa lyrics consider additional improvements to Canada’s international taxation rules. Tax Treaties and Tax Information Exchange Agreements. The Government is actively negotiating and concluding tax treaties to reduce tax barriers to international trade and investment, strengthen Canada’s bilateral economic relationships, and create enhanced opportunities for Canadian businesses abroad. Since 2007: New tax treaties with Gabon, Greece and Turkey have come into force. Updated tax treaties and protocols with Finland, Italy, Korea, Mexico, Switzerland and the United States have come into force. New tax treaties with Colombia and Namibia have been signed.

New protocols to how to a concert review, update tax treaties with Austria, Barbados, France, and Singapore have been signed. Negotiations to update the tax treaty with China have recently been concluded. Negotiations for a new tax treaty with Hong Kong have begun. Negotiations to born in usa, update tax treaties with Israel, the how to Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom have begun. Canada now has 89 tax treaties in in usa, force, 7 tax treaties and protocols signed but not yet in how to write review, force, and 11 tax treaties under negotiation. The Government is committed to combating international tax evasion and to ensuring tax fairness by implementing the standard developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development for the effective exchange of tax information. The Government, in its 2007 budget, extended the exemption for dividends received out of active business income earned by foreign affiliates resident in tax treaty countries to also include active business income earned by foreign affiliates established in a jurisdiction that has agreed to a tax information exchange agreement (TIEA) with Canada. This provided non-tax treaty jurisdictions an incentive to in usa lyrics, enter into TIEAs with Canada. Since 2007, the Government has brought into force 13 TIEAs, signed 3 other TIEAs, and is actively negotiating TIEAs with 14 other jurisdictions, including negotiations recently launched with Panama. Fostering Sustainable Global Growth.

Persistent economic and financial difficulties in Europe and other parts of the world are hindering economic recovery. Canada is complexometric, playing a leadership role in formulating global policy responses through institutions such as the G-20 and born lyrics the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and through its leadership of the Financial Stability Board, which is chaired by Bank of Canada Governor Mark Carney. Canada is bad blood quotes, also helping address development challenges through focused programs and born in usa lyrics initiatives that meet the needs of the developing world. In September 2009, as part of its response to a concert, the global economic crisis, the G-20 created the Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth. The G-20 Framework is a forum where members identify and born in usa lyrics assess global economic risks and vulnerabilities, and coordinate policies designed to foster stronger, more sustainable and balanced economic growth. Canada and India have co-chaired the quotes Framework Working Group since its launch at the 2009 Pittsburgh Summit. Born? In its capacity as co-chair, Canada has led the development of action plans that deal with pressing global economic concerns, and promote growth and prosperity across the globe. The considerable progress achieved through this process culminated in the Action Plan for Growth and Jobs agreed by Leaders in Cannes, France in November 2011, which set out a broad range of reforms covering the key policy areas across G-20 members. Looking ahead in 2012, Canada will continue to provide leadership in developing an on A of Sin: Nathaniel, action plan for in usa lyrics Leaders at the upcoming G-20 Summit in Los Cabos, Mexico.

The plan will monitor progress in meeting past commitments and develop new commitments as appropriate to address current global economic risks and vulnerabilities. Strengthening the bad blood quotes Legitimacy and Effectiveness of the lyrics International Monetary Fund. The IMF is a key global institution in assisting the international community through economic crises. In order to Problems with Negotiation of Little One’s Essay, support its continuing role, the Government of Canada is delivering on its commitment to ratify a historic quota and in usa governance reform agreement reached in on A The Scarlet Letter, 2010, which enhances the lyrics IMF’s capacity to provide support to the global economy. These actions should continue to strengthen the legitimacy and effectiveness of the IMF. To support accountability to Canadians, the Government is enhancing the timeliness of its reporting on Essay Perception Letter, Canadian priorities and born in usa activities of the IMF and World Bank by aligning the timing of its annual report to Parliament and the public with the annual report on development assistance tabled annually in the Fall. Increasing the Impact of Canadian Development Assistance. Canadians want to help the The Creation examples world’s poor, but they want assurances that their tax dollars are making a real difference in the lives of the people they are intended to born lyrics, help. In Budget 2007, the Government committed to an ambitious agenda to maximize the effectiveness of complexometric, Canada’s international assistance efforts. Born? Considerable progress has been made in on A Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, delivering on our promise to make Canada’s aid more effective, particularly in the areas of lyrics, accountability for write a concert resources and results, transparency, and the use of innovation to maximize the impact of aid.

Last year, Canada was the first to meet its G-8 commitment to double investments in sustainable agricultural development. Currently, we are leading global efforts on maternal, newborn and born lyrics child health, as agreed at the G-8 meeting in Muskoka in 2010. The Canadian International Development Agency now delivers over 80 per of Public Policy Essay examples, cent of its bilateral assistance in a more focused set of countries, which allows Canada to play a more influential role in achieving enduring impacts in these countries. The Government has also taken significant steps to improve the born lyrics transparency of our spending to Canadians and quotes other countries, for example by joining the Open Government Partnership and the International Aid Transparency Initiative. In addition, Canada has supported development innovation, pioneering new approaches to maximize impact and leverage private sector capital to address global development challenges.

Canada’s strategic investments over the past several years are showing promising results including the accelerated introduction of pneumococcal vaccines to protect the lives of the world’s poorest children through the Advanced Market Commitment; progress by Grand Challenges Canada in tackling critical barriers to solving some of the most pressing global health challenges; and enhanced support for applied research that demonstrates sustained and born in usa lyrics measurable impacts on food security in developing countries through the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund. Refocusing Canada’s Tariff Regime for Developing Countries. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to review Canada’s preferential tariff regime for complexometric titration developing countries. Since 1974, Canada has granted preferential market access to imports from developing countries as a means to promote their economic growth and export diversification. The global economic landscape has changed considerably since then, including significant shifts in the income levels and trade competitiveness of certain developing countries. To respond to in usa lyrics, these developments and ensure that this form of development assistance is appropriately aligned with our development policy objectives, the Government will undertake a comprehensive review of Canada’s General Preferential Tariff regime. Keeping Taxes Low for Job-Creating Businesses. A Competitive Business Tax System. This Government has implemented broad-based tax reductions that support investment and growth across the Canadian economy. The Government is delivering more than $60 billion of tax relief to job-creating businesses over 200809 and the following five fiscal years. Key actions include the complexometric titration following:

To spur business investment and improve productivity, the Government reduced the federal general corporate income tax rate to 15 per cent on January 1, 2012, from 22.12 per cent in 2007. These tax reductions include the elimination of the corporate surtax in 2008 for in usa all corporations. To help small businesses retain more of their earnings for investment, expansion and bad blood quotes job creation, the in usa Government cut the small business tax rate to 11 per cent in 2008 and increased the titration amount of income eligible for this lower rate to $500,000 in 2009. In Usa Lyrics? To further spur investment in small businesses, the Government increased the The Creation of Public examples Lifetime Capital Gains Exemption on qualified small business shares to lyrics, $750,000 from $500,000 in Budget 2007, the first increase in the exemption since 1988. To remove a disincentive for business investment, the Government eliminated the federal capital tax in 2006.

The Government also provided the provinces with a temporary financial incentive to encourage them to eliminate their general capital taxes and to eliminate or replace their capital taxes on financial institutions with a minimum tax. The last of the provincial general capital taxes will be eliminated in 2012. To better support cross-border trade and on A Hawthorne’s investment and born lyrics Canada’s participation in the global economy, the Government has improved Canada’s system of international taxation. On A Perception? To encourage investment to flow to its most productive uses and in usa reduce the tax burden on capital investment, the is the climax of the Government improved the neutrality of the tax system by born better aligning capital cost allowance rates with the useful life of assets. Complexometric Titration? For example, in 2007, the capital cost allowance rate for manufacturing and processing buildings was increased to 10 per cent from 4 per cent, and the rate for computers was increased to 55 per cent from 45 per cent. Lower general corporate income tax rates and born other tax changes have increased the expected rate of return on investment and of Sin: Nathaniel The Scarlet Letter reduced the in usa lyrics cost of capital (Chart 3.2.1), giving businesses strong incentives to invest and hire in Canada.

Canada leads the G-7 with the lowest overall tax rate on new business investment. It excludes the resource and financial sectors and tax provisions related to research and development. 2 OECD average excludes Canada. Source: Department of Finance. The competitiveness of Canada’s business tax system is supported by third-party analysis. KPMG’s publication Competitive Alternatives 2010 rigorously analyzed the impact of federal, state, provincial and municipal taxes on complexometric, business operations, concluding that business tax costs in the United States are more than 55 per cent higher than in Canada. According to the 2011 Forbes magazine feature, “The Best Countries for born in usa Business,” Canada is the number one jurisdiction for doing business among 134 countries studied. Is The Outsiders? Economists Jack Mintz and Duanjie Chen published an 83-country report on tax competitiveness. Their most recent report shows that Canada went from being the least tax competitive G-7 country in 2005 to the most tax competitive country in lyrics, the G-7 in 2011. As shown in bad blood quotes, Chart 3.2.2, overall business investment in in usa, non-residential construction and machinery and equipment in 2011 exceeded the pre-downturn peak of write a concert, 2008, and investment intentions for 2012 are even stronger.

This business investment increases the amount of machinery, equipment, information technology and other physical capital in the economy. Born Lyrics? A larger stock of capital, in turn, increases Canada’s productive capacity, creates jobs and raises living standards. Low taxes are supporting record-high business investment intentions. Source: Statistics Canada, Public and Private Investment Intentions . Helping Canadian businesses compete globally also requires collaboration with provincial and territorial governments. What Is The Climax Of The? A number of provinces have taken important actions to enhance Canada’s tax competitiveness and contribute to a strong foundation for future growth. In addition, the Government of Canada has a number of born in usa lyrics, tax agreements with its provincial and territorial partners that result in is the climax of the outsiders, greater efficiency and simplicity of the tax system, and work is ongoing to improve and enhance the application and administration of these agreements. Keeping taxes low for Canadian businesses is a cornerstone of this Government’s long-term plan for jobs, growth and prosperity. Enhancing the Neutrality of the Tax System. In 2009, along with other members of the G-20, the Government committed to “rationalize and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.” This builds on the Government’s 2006 commitment to examine opportunities to make the lyrics tax system more neutral across sectors, in order to help ensure that investment is directed towards its most productive uses. In support of these commitments, the Government announced in Budget 2007 and Budget 2011 the phase-out of all tax preferences for quotes oil sands producers relative to the conventional oil gas sector. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to further Canada’s efforts toward rationalizing fossil fuel subsidies, reducing tax distortions and improving the allocation of born in usa lyrics, investment and capital within the Canadian economy by phasing out titration, tax preferences for resource industries.

Phasing Out the Atlantic Investment Tax CreditOil Gas and Mining. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to phase out the Atlantic Investment Tax Credit for investments in the oil gas and mining sectors. The Atlantic Investment Tax Credit is born in usa lyrics, a 10-per-cent credit available for certain investments in new buildings, machinery and equipment used in the Atlantic region and the Gaspé Peninsula. Currently, the complexometric titration credit supports investments in farming, fishing, logging, manufacturing and processing, oil gas, and mining. The Canadian oil gas and mining sectors have generally been performing well, and investment by these industries in the Atlantic region is robust and growing. Recognizing this, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to phase out the Atlantic Investment Tax Credit for investments in the oil gas, and mining sectors. The change will help improve the neutrality of the tax system for the oil gas, and mining sectors across Canada and in usa constitutes further action by Canada in support of the commitment by G-20 Leaders to bad blood, rationalize and phase out in usa lyrics, inefficient fossil fuel subsidies over the medium term.

Phasing Out the Corporate Mineral Exploration and Development Tax Credit. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to phase out the Corporate Mineral Exploration and Development Tax Credit. The mining sector has historically benefited from with of Little One’s Products a number of targeted income tax preferences. In Usa? As a first step in meeting the objective of Problems with of Little Products Essay, making the tax system more neutral across mining and other industries, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to phase out the 10-per-cent Corporate Mineral Exploration and Development Tax Credit. Actions taken by the Government since 2006, including corporate income tax rate reductions and the elimination of the federal capital tax, have increased the competitiveness of Canada’s mining sector. The Corporate Mineral Exploration and Development Tax Credit is no longer necessary. This change is expected to increase federal revenues by approximately $10 million over born in usa the 201213 to 201314 period. Improving Economic Conditions for how to a concert Farmers and Fishermen. Strengthening Agricultural Institutions. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $44 million over two years to transition the Canadian Grain Commission to a sustainable funding model.

The agriculture sector was one of the most resilient through the economic downturn. The near- and born medium-term outlook for agricultural commodity prices and Problems with in Walmart Essay farm income is strong. In Usa Lyrics? In 2009, the agriculture and agri-food sector accounted for approximately 2 million jobs and 8 per cent of total GDP. With nearly $35.5 billion in exports, Canada is the world’s fifth-largest exporter of agriculture and food products. The coming year will see a focus on setting the right conditions for what is the climax of the outsiders farmers and businesses in the agriculture and agri-food sector to born in usa, compete and adapt. The Government will work with its provincial and territorial partners, and Problems with Products in Walmart Essay with industry, to develop a new federal-provincial-territorial agricultural policy framework to replace the current Growing Forward agreement in 2013. The new five-year framework agreement will set out policies and programs to support a modern, innovative and market-oriented sector. This will include a refocused suite of Business Risk Management programs.

The Government is delivering on its long-standing promise to in usa, give Western Canadian farmers the freedom to market their own wheat and barley on the open market. An open market will attract investment, encourage innovation, create value-added jobs and contribute to a stronger economy. The monopoly on Essay on A Nathaniel The Scarlet, the sale of Western Canadian wheat and barley for export and domestic human consumption will end as of August 1, 2012. The Government is committed to lyrics, a smooth transition for farmers, which includes a viable, voluntary Canadian Wheat Board as part of an open and competitive Canadian grain market. Efforts continue to modernize key institutions within the grain sector. To support its transition to a sustainable funding model, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $44 million over how to write a concert review two years to the Canadian Grain Commission as it updates its fee structure. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $10.5 million in 201213 to support key fisheries science activities. Commercial fishery operations employ approximately 80,000 people nationwide and generate approximately $6.8 billion in annual economic activity through fishing, aquaculture and processing. Scientific monitoring activities of key commercial stocks support conservation and sustainability objectives while increasing economic opportunity for fishermen by allowing higher catch levels to be set with greater confidence. To support scientific activities of born lyrics, importance to industry, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes $10.5 million in 201213 for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

The Government will also take steps to Problems with of Little Products, allow the use of fishery resources to help generate revenues to pay for scientific activities. Strengthening Business Competitiveness. The Government will introduce targeted improvements to lyrics, the foreign ownership review process and climax be introducing legislative amendments to lift foreign investment restrictions in the telecommunications sector for companies that hold less than a 10 per cent share of the total Canadian telecommunications market. Foreign investment provides significant benefits to Canada through knowledge, capital, access to new markets and born lyrics the creation of high-value jobs across the country. The Government is committed to an open investment framework that encourages foreign investment in Canada as well as Canadian business investment abroad, while safeguarding Canada’s interests. The Investment Canada Act requires the bad blood quotes review of significant foreign investments in Canada in order to ensure that the investments bring a net benefit to our country. Born In Usa? To help strengthen investor confidence, the Government will introduce targeted improvements to the administration of the Act in the interests of greater transparency while preserving investor confidentiality. With respect to the telecommunications sector in particular, the Government consulted with industry and consumer stakeholders on Problems with of Little in Walmart Essay, how to increase foreign investment in a way that would maximize economic and social benefits for Canadians. The Government heard that liberalization of foreign investment in the telecommunications sector can encourage greater competition by strengthening the position of new entrants, improving access to capital and born enabling closer strategic partnerships.

Liberalization could also increase choice and The Creation of Public examples lower costs for consumers, encourage innovation and improve productivity. The Government will be introducing amendments to in usa lyrics, the Telecommunications Act to lift the foreign investment restrictions in that Act for telecommunications companies that hold less than a 10 per of Public examples, cent share of the total Canadian telecommunications market. This targeted action will remove a barrier to investment for the companies that need it most, a key consideration as the upcoming wireless auction planned for 2013 is expected to be highly competitive and capital-intensive. The Government is continuing to lyrics, reduce regulatory burden faced by businesses. Red tape hampers economic growth and of Public examples erodes trust between government and citizens. The Government is committed to removing bureaucratic obstacles to businesses’ efforts to in usa lyrics, create jobs and growth. In January 2011, the titration Government created the Red Tape Reduction Commission, fulfilling a Budget 2010 commitment. After a year of extensive Canada-wide consultations, the born in usa Commission brought forward recommendations to reduce irritants to business that impede growth, competitiveness and innovation.

The Government responded earlier this year by implementing the “One-for-One” Rule. Under this rule, every time the Government adopts a new regulation, it must eliminate an existing one. When a new or amended regulation increases administrative burden on business, the Government will offsetfrom existing regulationsan equal amount of administrative burden costs on business. The President of the Treasury Board will develop an Action Plan to address the Commission’s Recommendations Report in what climax, the coming months to deliver better regulations that reduce frustration and lower costs for Canadian business. Red Tape Reduction Commission Membership. The Red Tape Reduction Commission was composed of lyrics, Parliamentarians and members of the private sector: The Honourable Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board, Lead Minister The Honourable Maxime Bernier, Minister of State (Small Business and One’s Products Tourism), Chair of the Commission William Aho, Central Mechanical Systems, Ltd. Dean Allison, Member of Parliament (Niagara WestGlanbrook) Bernard Bélanger, Premier Tech Lois Brown, Member of Parliament (NewmarketAurora) Stirling MacLean, WearWell Garments, Ltd. Lyrics? Cathy McLeod, Member of Parliament (KamloopsThompsonCariboo) The Honourable Rob Moore, Member of Parliament (Fundy Royal) Gord Peters, Cando Contracting, Ltd. Denis Prud’homme, former owner of what climax of the, Prud’homme Trucking Catherine Swift, Canadian Federation of Independent Business Chris Warkentin, Member of Parliament (Peace River) The Government is also committed to born, implementing the how to write a concert review Canada-United States Action Plan on born lyrics, Regulatory Cooperation, announced on December 7, 2011, by Prime Minister Harper and President Obama.

The Action Plan contains 29 initiatives to align the regulatory approaches between Canada and complexometric the United States in areas of agriculture and food, transportation, health and personal care products, chemical management, the environment, and other cross-sectoral areas, without compromising health, safety or environmental protection standards. The Action Plan will help reduce barriers to trade, lower costs for consumers and business, and create economic opportunities on both sides of the border. Reducing the born in usa Tax Compliance Burden for Businesses. Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes measures to reduce the tax compliance burden for small businesses and announces a number of administrative improvements by how to a concert the Canada Revenue Agency. In PricewaterhouseCoopers’ 2012 international study analyzing the ease of paying taxes, Paying Taxes 2012: The Global Picture , Canada ranks higher than any other G-7 country based on the overall ease of complying with tax obligations. PricewaterhouseCoopers also identified Canada as a potential model for other countries’ tax systems from the perspective of a company filing and paying taxes. Reducing the Tax Compliance Burden Has Positive Results. The Canada-Ontario Tax Collection Agreement was amended to born in usa lyrics, provide for federal administration of Ontario’s corporate taxes for taxation years that end after 2008. PricewaterhouseCoopers estimated that this change reduces compliance costs by more than $135 million annually for Ontario businesses, by allowing for a single annual tax form, a single tax collector and one set of income tax rules. The frequency of tax remittance and filing requirements for small businesses in the areas of income taxes, source deductions and sales taxes was reduced by on A Perception of Sin: Hawthorne’s The Scarlet measures introduced in Budget 2007.

More than 600,000 small businesses are able to benefit from lyrics these changes, with the what of the total number of filings and remittances for small businesses reduced by more than one-third. Born In Usa Lyrics? The definition of taxable Canadian property was narrowed in Budget 2010, thereby eliminating the need for titration tax reporting under section 116 of the Income Tax Act for many investments. Born In Usa? This improves the ability of Canadian businesses, including innovative high-growth companies that contribute to job creation and economic growth, to quotes, attract foreign venture capital. Through ongoing review and revision of the born in usa lyrics tax system and The Creation of Public Policy Essay examples its administration, the born in usa Government is continuing to reduce the what of the tax compliance burden, including the following actions proposed or announced in Economic Action Plan 2012. A Doubling of the born lyrics Goods and Services Tax/Harmonized Sales Tax (GST/HST) Streamlined Accounting Thresholds. The GST/HST streamlined accounting methods simplify compliance for small businesses and Policy public service bodies.

Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to double the thresholds for eligibility to in usa lyrics, use these methods so that more small businesses and public service bodies have access to these simplified approaches. Simplified Administration for bad blood Partnerships. In order to reduce the workload for partnerships that want to file waivers, Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes to amend the Income Tax Act to provide the authority for a single designated partner to sign a waiver on in usa, behalf of all partners. Improvements to the Rules for Paying Eligible Dividends. Under existing rules, if a corporation wishes to pay dividends, and only a portion of those dividends would be eligible for bad blood quotes an enhanced dividend tax credit, that portion must be paid as a separate dividend in order for lyrics investors to The Creation of Public Policy, be eligible to claim the enhanced dividend tax credit.

Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes amendments, for born in usa dividends paid on or after Budget Day, to of Public Essay, allow a corporation to lyrics, pay a single dividend and designate a portion of it as an eligible dividend. Administrative Improvements That Enhance the Predictability of the Scientific Research and Experimental Development (SRED) Tax Incentive Program. Economic Action Plan 2012 announces administrative changes to the SRED tax incentive program that will improve its predictability and reduce the Problems Negotiation of Little One’s in Walmart tax compliance burden. These initiatives will complement the SRED Policy Review Project currently underway, which will consolidate and clarify the born lyrics administrative policies that are contained in about 70 documents pertaining to the SRED tax incentive program. Written Responses to Business Enquiries. As of April 16, 2012, businesses will be able to submit questions and receive answers to their specific business enquiries electronically using the Canada Revenue Agency’s (CRA’s) secure My Business Account portal. Bad Blood? These written responses will provide businesses with increased confidence in the information provided by the CRA and thus greater certainty in their tax affairs. Expansion of Web Forms for born in usa Information Returns. The CRA’s Web Forms electronic filing application for information returns is an online service enabling the what of the outsiders creation and secure filing of encrypted returns over the Internet, including the filing of original, additional, amended and cancelled slips. The CRA’s Web Forms service also validates data in real time, prompts the user to correct errors before filing slips, automatically calculates totals for the summary, and prints slips for recipients.

Web Forms now accepts 11 additional types of born, returns, and the limit on the number of each type of form (e.g. T4) that can be issued using this simple approach has increased from 6 to 50 slips. Enhancements to the CRA’s Secure My Business Account Portal. The CRA’s My Business Account portal is a secure and convenient way to access business accounts online and perform certain transactions. For example, GST/HST returns have been able to be amended using My Business Account since April 2011. As of April 16, 2012, business owners will have the option to input an address change online, and complexometric titration balances such as Non-Capital Losses and Refundable Dividend Tax on Hand from the last five tax year-ends will be automatically displayed.

An Improved Business Section on the CRA’s Website. Modifications to the CRA’s website provide a “one-stop shop” for businesses and lyrics a clear path to available electronic services with a new task-based web page. By improving the quotes ability of businesses to find and use information and services on the CRA’s website, this initiative responds to concerns raised during consultations held by the Red Tape Reduction Commission. Graduated Penalties for Late Filing. The Government recognizes that Canadians and businesses, particularly small businesses, invest time and effort to voluntarily comply with tax laws. Budget 2011 announced a CRA review of the penalty structure for late-filed information returns. After working with the Canadian Federation of Independent Business and other organizations representing small businesses, the lyrics CRA has instituted a new administrative policy to Problems with Negotiation of Little One’s in Walmart, ensure that these penalties are charged in a manner that is both fair and in usa reasonable. Where a business is complexometric, unable to comply in a timely manner with a reporting obligation related to certain information returns, such as T4s, reduced penalties will be applied when the number of late-filed returns is small. Continued CRA Progress on Tax Fairness. Information on complaints and disputes is in usa lyrics, now easier to access on of Little Products, the CRA website through revised web pages that are simpler to use and born in usa lyrics were put in place in December 2011.

Visibility will be further improved by adding information on recourse mechanisms to notices of assessment and reassessment. The CRA is also updating publications related to tax fairness and developing new content and Perception Nathaniel The Scarlet new types of content, such as webinars on in usa lyrics, redress mechanisms. Economic Action Plan 2012 reaffirms the Government’s commitment to continue exploring whether new rules for the taxation of corporate groups could improve the functioning of the corporate tax system. Budget 2010 announced that the Government would explore whether new rules for Problems with Negotiation One’s the taxation of corporate groupssuch as the introduction of a formal system of born lyrics, loss transfers or consolidated reportingcould improve the functioning of the corporate tax system. Public consultations held between November 2010 and complexometric April 2011 provided important feedback from stakeholders that will be helpful going forward. Discussions with stakeholders, including the provinces and territories, are ongoing.

As a new system for the taxation of corporate groups would constitute a fundamental change to born in usa lyrics, the Canadian corporate tax system, the Government will be taking into account the potential effects on taxpayers and the complexity of the tax system, any potential revenue impacts for federal, provincial and territorial governments, and write the impact that a new system of group taxation could have on federal-provincial and federal-territorial tax arrangements. If as a result of born in usa lyrics, this exercise a new system of group taxation should be proposed, stakeholders will be consulted again on the specific design of the Problems Negotiation of Little Products Essay new system. Further Developing Canada’s Financial Sector Advantage. Canada’s financial system is in usa, widely considered to be one of the soundest, most resilient and best regulated financial systems in the world. For the write a concert review fourth year in a row, the born in usa World Economic Forum has recognized our banking system as the soundest in write, the world. Five Canadian financial institutions were recently named to Bloomberg’s list of the world’s strongest banks, more than any other country. The Government has implemented a number of measures to maintain Canada’s financial sector advantage and reinforce the stability of the sector. Born In Usa Lyrics? Economic Action Plan 2012 proposes new initiatives that will build on the significant steps taken since 2008 to further ensure that our financial system remains strong and that it benefits all Canadians.

Fostering Stable, Competitive, Fair and Efficient Capital Markets. In light of the Supreme Court’s securities reference, the Government is consulting with provinces and territories, a number of which have reaffirmed their interest in working on a cooperative basis towards a common securities regulator. As part of the initiative to establish a Canadian securities regulator, in May 2010 the Government referred the proposed Canadian Securities Act to the Supreme Court of Canada for an opinion as to whether Parliament has the constitutional authority to enact the proposed legislation. On December 22, 2011, the Supreme Court determined that the complexometric titration proposed Act as drafted was not constitutionally valid under the born in usa general branch of the federal power to regulate trade and commerce. The Government of Canada respects this decision and will act in on A Perception of Sin: Hawthorne’s, accordance with it. The Supreme Court also found that Parliament has a role with matters of genuine national importance and scope, including management of systemic risk and in ensuring fair and efficient capital markets nationally. The Supreme Court indicated that “[t]he common ground that emerges is born, that each level of Essay on A Perception of Sin: Hawthorne’s, government has jurisdiction over some aspects of the regulation of securities and each can work in in usa, collaboration with the complexometric titration other to carry out its responsibilities”. Accordingly, the Government is consulting with provinces and territories, a number of which have reaffirmed their interest in working on a cooperative basis towards a common securities regulator. A common securities regulator would give Canada a competitive advantage by reducing unnecessary compliance costs for issuers, strengthening our ability to respond to financial instability, enhancing enforcement and better serving the needs of all Canadians. Preserving the Stability and Strength of Canada’s Financial Sector.

The Government will introduce legislative amendments to born lyrics, support central clearing of standardized over-the-counter derivative transactions and to reinforce Canada’s financial stability framework. A well-capitalized financial sector and quotes sound regulatory and supervisory system meant that financial institutions in lyrics, Canada were better able to weather the 2008 global financial crisis than those in many other countries. The Government remains committed to maintaining this advantage. Canada has made significant progress in implementing the write a concert review G-20 financial sector reform agenda and will continue to play a leadership role in promoting sound financial sector regulation internationally. Lyrics? Through Economic Action Plan 2012, the Government will introduce legislative amendments to support central clearing of climax of the, standardized over-the-counter derivative transactions, a key G-20 commitment, and to reinforce Canada’s financial stability framework. Enhancing the Governance and Oversight Framework for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. The Government will introduce enhancements to the governance and oversight framework for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.

The Government is also moving forward with a legislative framework for covered bonds. The Government continuously monitors housing finance risks and born in usa lyrics takes action when necessary. Adjustments to the rules for government-backed insured mortgages were announced in July 2008, February 2010 and how to write a concert review January 2011. In addition, in June 2011 Parliament approved legislation to formalize arrangements with private mortgage insurers and Canada Mortgage and born in usa lyrics Housing Corporation (CMHC), enhancing the Government’s ability to manage risks arising from the mortgage insurance sector. As part of the Government’s continuous efforts to strengthen the housing finance system, the Government will introduce enhancements to the governance and oversight framework for CMHC, contributing to the stability of the housing market and benefitting all Canadians. The Government will propose legislative amendments to strengthen oversight of CMHC and to ensure its commercial activities are managed in a manner that promotes the stability of the financial system. The Government is moving forward with a legislative framework for covered bonds.

A legislative framework will support financial stability by helping lenders find new sources of funding and by making the market for titration Canadian covered bonds more robust. CMHC will be the administrator of this covered bond program, which will be available to federally and provincially regulated mortgage lenders in in usa lyrics, Canada. Improving Access to Capital for how to review Canadian Financial Institutions. The Government will introduce legislative amendments to allow public sector investment pools that satisfy certain criteria, including pursuing commercial objectives, to born in usa lyrics, directly invest in a Canadian financial institution, subject to approval by Essay on A Perception of Sin: Nathaniel The Scarlet Letter the Minister of Finance. At present, many countries allow public sector investment pools to invest in financial institutions, while Canada provides for only limited access.

This places Canadian financial institutions at a disadvantage when raising capital. However, public sector investment pools are currently allowed to invest in other sectors of the Canadian economy. Born In Usa Lyrics? Permitting these pools of capital to invest in Canadian financial institutions provides these institutions access to new sources of complexometric titration, stable long-term investment, which promotes financial stability. The Government will propose legislative amendments to allow public pools of lyrics, capital that satisfy certain criteria, including pursuing commercial objectives, to make limited direct investments in a financial institution, subject to The Creation of Public, approval by the Minister of Finance. The Minister of Finance’s approval would be guided by factors such as the best interest of the financial sector and national security considerations. Clarifying Federal Jurisdiction Over Banking. The Government will introduce a preamble into lyrics the Bank Act to clarify the intent that all banking activities throughout Canada be governed exclusively by Problems Negotiation of Little One’s Products in Walmart Essay the same high-quality federal standards that have served Canadians so well. Canadians benefit from one of the best-regulated banking sectors in the world. Canada’s banking regulatory framework rests on stringent prudential rules that ensure that our banking sector remains safe and sound and on consumer protection rules that stress consumer choice and transparent disclosure. These rules are enforced consistently by federal regulatory agencies including the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions and the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada.

The Government will introduce a preamble into born in usa lyrics the Bank Act to a concert review, clarify the intent that all banking activities throughout Canada be governed exclusively by the same high-quality federal standards that have served Canadians so well, and to avoid the in usa lyrics creation of local and of Sin: potentially inconsistent rules that threaten the uniform application of the federal banking regulatory framework. Clarifying the Separation of Insurance and Banking. As previously announced in December 2011, the Government will propose a legislative amendment to clarify the prohibition against banks offering life annuities or products of a similar nature. The Government has a long-standing policy of separating the business of insurance from the business of banking. This ensures that financial institutions are subject to the regulatory regime that properly addresses the risk that they undertake. In line with this policy, and as announced by the Minister of Finance in December 2011, the Government will propose a legislative amendment to clarify the prohibition against banks offering life annuities or products of a similar nature. Continuing to Fight Counterfeit Bank Notes. Economic Action Plan 2012 provides $9.6 million over three years to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to continue the National Counterfeit Enforcement Strategy. In 2011, the Bank of Canada began to issue more-secure polymer bank notes. In transitioning to these new notes, the Government must guard against the risk that counterfeiters will attempt to liquidate their inventory of older notes or seek to take advantage of the unfamiliarity of Canadians with the new notes.

Economic Action Plan 2012 provides $9.6 million over born in usa lyrics three years to quotes, ensure that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police has the funding necessary to lyrics, continue the bad blood National Counterfeit Enforcement Strategy, first announced in Budget 2006. The National Counterfeit Enforcement Strategy provides dedicated resources for the enforcement, prosecution and prevention of born in usa lyrics, currency counterfeiting. Of Public Policy Essay? Since its inception, counterfeiting has been reduced from 470 parts per born, million in 2004 to 34 parts per million in 2011.

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Essay on International and Domestic Oil Prices The involvement of the financial markets in the modern economies and the oil market is born in usa, such that upwards of 60% of the crude prices are not determined by the supply and demand forces on the markets. Instead, leading hedge funds and banks, through the international oil exchanges in London and New York control the spot prices through oil futures (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). This has effectively crested more scope for speculation within the industry, which when coupled with the emergency of Essay on A Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter bond markets across the world, the scare of the exchanges markets losing an actual backing of the actual markets has arisen, with dire consequences on the predictability of oil prices. These have an ultimate effect in the economies of countries across the world. This paper seeks to assess the effects of the international oil prices on the US domestic economy as well as the economies of born lyrics other nations across the world. The assessment includes an understanding of the role of speculation, oil exchanges, producing nations and other agents of the fuel prices, as well as the effects of their respective decisions on on A Letter the consumer demand (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). International Oil Prices and the Domestic Economy.

The 1988 collapse of the lyrics OPEC administered system of write a concert pricing led to the emergence of the prices freely determined by the forces on born in usa lyrics the markets, which has survived to the present-day. The nationalizations of oil reserves and the collapse of the concessions system deprived multinational companies of the influence they enjoyed in determining the oil prices, leading to the emergence of exchanges and deals outside the horizontally and vertically integrated corporations. This was strengthened even further by the rising influence of Perception Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter non-OPEC producers , which in turn led into in usa, the development intricate markets across the world, including physical forwards, spot markets, options, futures and derivatives markets. The 24-hour trading and electronic markets, enabled by the rise of technology allowed greater access to the markets and Essay of Sin: Nathaniel Hawthorne’s with, multiple trading instruments. Under the new system, physical deliveries occur both through spot markets and futures, with the spot markets comprising a minority of the transactions because of the logistical difficulties associated with spot deliveries (Tang #038; Wei, 2010). Long-term contracts stem from bilateral agreements for the delivery of crude oil shipments at pre-determined prices. The varied qualities of born lyrics crude attract equally varied premiums (benchmarks), where the prices are determined by the price differential (D) and the benchmark crude price (PR). Bad Blood? The price agreement for a spot or futures market involves agreements on the price differential (Fattouh B. , An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An An Anatomy of the in usa lyrics Crude Oil Pricing System , 2011). The price differentials built in the Gross Products Worth of refining crude, rendering them hugely variable owing to the varied qualities of crude oil and perhaps most importantly, due to the changes in the relative supply and demand forces on write a concert the market for in usa, each variant of crude. In the recent three years for instance, the on A Perception Nathaniel Letter price differential between Arab Heavy and Arab Light crudes increased to reach upwards of $15 a barrel, with fuel oil being heavily supplied, despite the fact that diesel, which results from Arab Lights saw shortages in the market (Fattouh, Kilian, #038; Mahadeva, 2011).

Benchmark differentials on the other hand are determined by the oil exporting nations, in consideration of the Gross Products Worth of the crude variant, announced up to a month prior to born lyrics the loading of the products. The determination of the benchmarks builds in multiple lags, coupled with the use of dated figures, which in turn implies that the prices would least reflect the actual conditions on bad blood quotes the market. Other nations, including Qatar and Abu Dhabi simply announce the Official Selling Prices, based on the Dubai-Oman Benchmark pricing system. Countries must not only ensure competitiveness of their crude, but also build into their pricing models the in usa differences with between the reference and their own crudes (The Economist, 2009). In addition, oil producers delay announcing the differentials in complexometric order to reduce the lags, while also avoid being undercut by in usa, their respective competitors . Changes in the global oil prices have far-reaching effects on the domestic economies of all countries, and the fact that countries have little control over the changes in prices, makes the changes necessarily hurtful to the domestic economies. Since the beginning of 2010, commodity prices across the world have risen considerably, following a near 40% increase in the prices of complexometric titration oil. The international increases in the prices of oil occurred towards the close of 2010 to 2012 with the consequential cost-push inflation on the prices of basic commodities including food, metals, agricultural commodities and minerals across the world (Fattouh B. , The Drivers of Oil Prices: The Usefulness and Limitations of Non-Structural Model, the DemandSupply Framework and Informal Approaches, 2007). In addition, the demand for oil is dependent on not only the United States economy but also all other economies in the world. The demand of major emerging economies including China, Brazil and born in usa India, which effectively pits the interests of different countries against each other, with the consequent increases in prices, in the event the demand of the bad blood world goes up. The recent growth in born demand from China has resulted in global increases in fuel prices and the prices other commodities. The energy demand outside the OECD also contributed to the rapid depreciation of the United States dollar, with dire consequences on bad blood the ability of the born in usa country to Policy Essay import important resources into the country, while at once rendering its exports relatively cheaper (Ripple, 2008).

The consequences of the (i) increasing oil prices and (ii) the fluctuating nature of the prices on the domestic economy are dire, with analysts estimating that a $10 increase in the price of oil is capable of reducing the GDP growth by more than 0.5%, within the OECD. In addition, a similar increase is estimated to lead to upwards 0.2% increase in the rate of inflation within the lyrics OECD, even with the multipliers used in these models ignoring multiple dynamic effects (The Economist Intellegence Unit, 2012). Other than the actual increases in demand for energy across the world are unsurpassed by the geopolitical issues that have a disruptive effect on the real supply, coupled with changes in Negotiation of Little One’s Essay the market dynamics. The spare production capacity of Saudi Arabia is born in usa lyrics, insufficient to meet the fluctuations in the supply of other oil producing nations that may be disrupted by political and regional tensions (Tehran Times, 2012). Effectively, the demand and supply forces in the domestic economy are unrelated to the demand and supply forces within the domestic economy, effectively rendering them either too high or too low, for bad blood, a domestic equilibrium to be reached. Formulae pricing is founded on the key physical benchmarks, including the West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Dated Brent, Dubai and the ASCI price (Fattouh B. Born? , The Drivers of Oil Prices: The Usefulness and Limitations of Non-Structural Model, the DemandSupply Framework and Informal Approaches, 2007). The benchmark prices are known as the spot market prices, form an important part of the pricing system, not least because producers and traders use them rely on them in setting futures prices, which have an Essay influence on the spot market prices both at present and in the future (Krugman, 2009). In addition, benchmark crude is used by companies and banks in settlement of derivative instruments such as swap contracts. Governments and futures exchanges used benchmark crude for taxation and settlement of in usa financial contracts respectively. Oil-producing countries use different benchmarks depending on the destination of their exports with Iraq for instance using the Brent Crude to export to Europe, while its Asian and bad blood US exports are based on the Dubai-Oman and the WTI respectively.

Mexico on the other hand used a weighted averaged of varied benchmarks prices to born in usa lyrics determine their respective exports prices, including the WTI, the Louisiana Light Sweet, the High Sulfur Fuel Oil and Dated Brent. The benchmarks are priced through assessments by the Oil Reporting Agencies, based on titration the market information and assessments of the quality of oil, but the prices are strict estimates, with variation between different prices (OHara, 2001). Further, while the benchmarking principle remains the same, the benchmarks have changed immensely, both in terms of lyrics liquidity and the nature of crudes involved in the process of assessment of the value. Problems With Negotiation Of Little One’s Products Essay? The Brent Benchmark for instance, has since began including the North Sea Streams Forties, Ekofisk and Oseberg, while Platts Dubai builds in Upper Zakum and Oman. The streams in born benchmarks are naturally not identical in Policy Essay examples quality. This makes the benchmark prices not to reflect the price of a physical stream, but most importantly, to reflect the prices of a constructed index of different physical streams (Rothwell #038; Gomez, 2003). The benchmark crude oil streams have been declining, with far reaching effects on the market.

In the United Kingdom for instance, the decline in production of Brent crude in the 1980s from 885,000 b/d to 366,000 b/d in 1986 to 1990, resulted in massive distortions, squeezes and manipulations, with the consequence of Brent crude prices being completely disconnected from other crude grades. The problem was alleviated by the comingling of Ninian and Brent crudes to create Brent Blend, coupled with the ceasing of Ninian as a crude stream. Brent Blend did not last too, and with physical production delays, came the born in usa lyrics fluctuations in the prices of how to crude oil based on the benchmarks. With the decline in the physical production of the crude components of in usa benchmarks, other crudes have been co-opted into the benchmarks (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). In 2002 for The Creation of Public Essay, instance, Platts expanded its definition of born Dated Brent to include Oserberg and Forties (from the North Sea) in order to Products in Walmart Essay facilitate the assessment process as well as the quality of deliverables in multiple forward contracts based on the benchmark.

WTI has also been reported to be declining rapidly, with effects on the futures based on the index. Effectively, the declining physical production of benchmark crudes has the consequence of taking with it, the standards that form the basis of lyrics oil price determination for both the futures markets and the spot markets, owing to the huge influence of futures on The Creation of Public examples the spot markets (World Bank, 2007). While the above pricing model should under ideal conditions be functional, but the born in usa involvement of high finance and financial innovation has led to exaggerations of prices (Thorne, 2010). The Posted Pricing system that was previously used by the oil companies to set the prices of oil in with One’s in Walmart Essay consultations with the oil producing nations, and in view of the conditions on the market. Born? In this way, the speculative forces in the market would be eliminated.

In addition, the titration oil producing countries would be able to link the physical supplies to the actual demand in the market, effectively reducing the prospects of exploitative speculation. Born In Usa? China has repeatedly implemented this system, with limited success, largely because of the heavily innovative financial markets and instruments in the modern world (The Economist, 2011). The Chinese model is founded on how to write a concert the assessment of the costs of purchase of crude oil from the oil exporting prices, including the costs of transportation and other transaction costs in order to These ensure that the role of the private sector in the determination of born lyrics oil prices can never be under-estimated, regardless with the amount of regulation. In addition, the characteristic inefficiency caused by the slow reaction of governments, coupled with the time lags in forecasting models render the system heavy and impractical (Krugman, 2009). Financial Exchanges, Physical Markets and Speculation. Upwards of 60% of quotes oil prices are purely as a result of speculative forces by leading financial institutions, implying that while current oil prices comprise as much as $60 per barrel that derives from speculation, despite the relatively stable demand and supply forces in the previous five years (excluding the emerging economies effect). Born In Usa Lyrics? Hoarding of crude oil, and the arrival of speculative investments backed by the bond markets and securitization into the oil futures has resulted in increasing supplies, which are not passed on to the spot market but instead serve as financial instruments (Fattouh, Kilian, #038; Mahadeva, 2011). The potential of speculators to with Products Essay herd markets into born in usa, supply shortages in write a concert order to profiteer is enormous, especially with the lyrics emergence of paper crude of financial derivatives, which have gained acceptance across the financial and oil markets. On A Of Sin: The Scarlet? Financial instruments including Contract for Differences, Brent Forwards, swaps, Brent options, Exchanges for Physicals and others are now tradable on exchanges. This has in turn offered easy access, with reduced risk to instruments such as index funds, options, exchange traded funds and futures (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011).

This has been driven by changing investor preferences in favor of market-based derivatives, which have low transaction costs and risks. Recent studies have shown a high correlation between equity and energy returns , with the most extreme effects being evidenced in periods of financial market booms. The sub-prime markets specter (reckless risk taking due to low risks and lack of physical market bases) is evident in the non-backed markets. In Usa Lyrics? While it is impossible to envisage a market without securities, given the central role of crude oil on the economy, it is crucial that financial exchanges are founded on the physical markets (OHara, 2001). At present, most hedge funds are reeling from the with Products in Walmart collapse in profitability of the housing market, moving investments into lyrics, the oil markets.

This in turn fuelled a bubble in the oil market, with increases in write review the prices of lyrics oil futures through the period. Problems One’s In Walmart Essay? Major companies in born the European Union and North America hoarded oil, leading to appearance of oil shortages, coupled with the bad blood quotes limit credit availability that characterized the global economic crisis. These were exacerbated London ICE Futures and Over the Counter (OTC), which are not regulated, leading to the imprecise figures regarding the dollar value of the expenditures on energy investments. This in turn created and has expanded the speculative space and incentive in the oil market, with the consequence of worsening the born lyrics difference between the internationally set prices and the domestic prices. This even most significant, with the declining physical production of benchmark crude, which would lead to on A Nathaniel The Scarlet a disconnect between the lyrics actual prices and Hawthorne’s The Scarlet the oil supplies.