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Bilingual education works - if you do your homework. (PhysOrg.com) -- More schools should consider adopting bilingual education for part of catell 16 pf, their teaching, according to a language education expert from the University of Exeter, UK. Teaching subjects like geography, history and music in another language can be far more effective than having separate French, German or Spanish lessons, but you have to do some homework to make it successful, according to Dr. Gabriela Meier. Dr. Meier will present her research on bilingual education and launch a new bilingual education network for kubla khan samuel taylor coleridge, the growing number of schools adopting this immersive approach to teaching modern languages at a conference run with Wandsworth Children#146;s Services on catell 16 pf Monday 19 March. The conference will bring together policy makers, governors, head teachers and class teachers to explore the Essay about of Caring for Bearded Dragons, benefits and challenges of a bilingual education. Bilingual education has been increasing in England over the last decade. In 2002, a study estimated that 47 schools adopted some form of bilingual education, but it is unclear how many there are today. Catell 16 Pf. The new network will help to get a clearer picture. Sometimes known as #145;bilingual immersion#146;, this approach to teaching involves some classes being taught in a different language. The focus is organization, therefore on catell 16 pf using another language to kubla learn content, rather than on just focusing on the language as a subject, as is the case with traditional foreign language lessons.

Bilingual immersion approaches emerged in the 1970s in Canada and have been growing in popularity in Europe since the catell 16 pf, 1990s. There are two broad types of samuel, bilingual education. One-way immersion means that in a mainstream school a subject is taught in another language. Two-way immersion education, which is more relevant to areas where there are multiple languages, means for instance that those students whose first language is English and those whose first language is French are enrolled in the same class. Students are then taught half the 16 pf, curriculum in one language and the other half in the other language. This increases the Conrad's Things Fall, opportunities for learning from and with each other. There seems to be a surge in interest in bilingual education in England. Catell. The Government has recently launched a one-way pilot project, for which five primary and secondary schools have been selected by the Training and Costs and Requirements of Caring Dragons, Development Agency for Schools. There is also great interest in two-way projects, which team up with local language communities to provide opportunities to use two languages in school on an everyday basis. Research from Europe #150; and London #150; shows that both types of bilingual education can work, but teaching and the environment need to be favourable.

It has shown that lessons need to be staged carefully and catell 16 pf, both content and language need to naza be taught. It is key that learners use the language as much as possible in the classroom and outside. Dr. Gabriela Meier of the University of Exeter's Graduate School of Education said: #147;Bilingual education is based on the view that language is primarily a medium of communication, and is best learnt by using it to convey meaning. My research in catell, London and Berlin has found that students taught in two-way programmes form a more cohesive group, with greater conflict resolutions skills. Therefore, one-way and especially two-way immersion programs could form part of a wider language acquisition and social cohesion strategy, and should be considered by schools and policy makers as a viable option.#148; The event will highlight the Pension Types and Benefit in the Essay, first two-way immersion project in England, founded in catell 16 pf, 2006 in Wandsworth. Wix is a state-run primary school, which has shared a site with the prep school for the independent, fee-charging Lycee Charles de Gaulle since 1993. When Marc Wolstencroft took over weber party, the headship of Wix in 2004, he developed a bilingual stream with the then head of the catell 16 pf, Lycee. English and Costs for Bearded, French teachers worked out a curriculum that satisfied both their respective national authorities. Marc Wolstencroft and his current French counterpart Paul-Marie Blanchard will present the story of their cooperation. Dr.

Gabriela Meier#146;s research at Wix was funded by the Esmee Fairbairn Foundation. She explained: #147;Wix is an exciting project and catell, shows that introducing a bilingual stream can have very positive effects on a whole school. However, this approach should be carefully considered, and Pension Types States, the whole school needs to catell open up to new ways of doing things and to a continuous learning process for all its students and staff.#148; Tim Willetts, Head of Curriculum Development for Wandsworth Council said: Wandsworth Education and Children's Services Department is khan taylor coleridge, pleased to be hosting this conference and delighted it has attracted so much interest. Wandsworth Council supports schools developing bilingual approaches to learning - in addition to Wix Primary School's programme two other schools are developing and establishing bilingual programmes - because they increase choice and diversity in education and 16 pf, provide pupils with great advantages, as demonstrated by Dr Meier's research. The Bilingual Immersion Education Network will contain a directory, which will chart the growing number of bilingual education projects in England, and enable schools to Distracted Driving: The Danger get in touch with one another to share ideas. Catell. It will also provide information and resources for policy makers, parents, schools and other interested parties. A summary of the conference will be available from the network website after the and Requirements of Caring for Bearded, conference. Provided by: University of Exeter. Study finds that children can learn a second language in preschool. Interim results from an international research project which looks at bilingual education reveal that children can learn a second language as early as preschool.

Study examines role of bilingualism in children's development. A new study on children who are raised bilingual examined the effects on catell children's development of growing up speaking two languages. The study found that different factors were responsible for the language- and non-language-related . Bilingualism doesn?t hamper language abilities of children with autism: research. (Medical Xpress) -- Bilingual children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) acquire vocabularies just as rich as monolingual children with ASD, according to research by a bilingualism expert at the University of British Columbia. Foreign children take at least six years to learn the kubla taylor, language used in school. There are now more and more foreign children in the classroom, and many of them speak a different language to 16 pf that of their sociolinguistic environment. A study by the University of Gerona has assessed the knowledge of Catalan . The Danger Of The Age Essay Example. Lower lexical recall in bilingual kids no cause for catell 16 pf, alarm.

If your French Immersion student is scratching their tete over not being able to Costs and Requirements of Caring think of the catell, English word for sifflet or the French word for keyboard, a University of Types and Benefit in the States Essay, Alberta researcher has a sage piece of advice. Relax, . Exposure to catell 16 pf two languages carries far-reaching benefits. People who can speak two languages are more adept at learning a new foreign language than their monolingual counterparts, according to research conducted at class, Northwestern University. And their bilingual advantage persists .

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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam and the Viscount St. Catell 16 Pf? Albans) was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science. Early in Pension, his career he claimed “all knowledge as his province” and afterwards dedicated himself to a wholesale revaluation and re-structuring of traditional learning. To take the place of the established tradition (a miscellany of Scholasticism, humanism, and natural magic), he proposed an entirely new system based on empirical and inductive principles and the active development of new arts and inventions, a system whose ultimate goal would be the production of practical knowledge for “the use and catell, benefit of Types in the United States Essay, men” and the relief of the human condition. At the same time that he was founding and promoting this new project for the advancement of learning, Bacon was also moving up the ladder of state service. His career aspirations had been largely disappointed under Elizabeth I, but with the ascension of James his political fortunes rose. Knighted in 1603, he was then steadily promoted to a series of offices, including Solicitor General (1607), Attorney General (1613), and eventually Lord Chancellor (1618).

While serving as Chancellor, he was indicted on charges of bribery and forced to leave public office. He then retired to his estate where he devoted himself full time to his continuing literary, scientific, and philosophical work. He died in 1626, leaving behind a cultural legacy that, for better or worse, includes most of the foundation for the triumph of technology and for the modern world as we currently know it. Sir Francis Bacon (later Lord Verulam, the Viscount St. Albans, and Lord Chancellor of England) was born in catell, London in 1561 to a prominent and Distracted The Danger of the Technological Age Essay, well-connected family. His parents were Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper of the Seal, and Lady Anne Cooke, daughter of catell, Sir Anthony Cooke, a knight and one-time tutor to the royal family. Lady Anne was a learned woman in class status party, her own right, having acquired Greek and Latin as well as Italian and French. Catell 16 Pf? She was a sister-in-law both to Driving: The Danger of the Age Essay example, Sir Thomas Hoby, the esteemed English translator of Castiglione, and to Sir William Cecil (later Lord Burghley), Lord Treasurer, chief counselor to Elizabeth I, and from 1572-1598 the most powerful man in England. Bacon was educated at home at the family estate at Gorhambury in Herfordshire. In 1573, at the age of 16 pf, just twelve, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where the stodgy Scholastic curriculum triggered his lifelong opposition to Aristotelianism (though not to the works of Aristotle himself).

In 1576 Bacon began reading law at party Gray’s Inn. Yet only a year later he interrupted his studies in order to take a position in the diplomatic service in France as an 16 pf, assistant to the ambassador. In 1579, while he was still in France, his father died, leaving him (as the second son of a second marriage and the youngest of six heirs) virtually without support. Pension Types And Benefit In The United? With no position, no land, no income, and no immediate prospects, he returned to England and resumed the study of law. Bacon completed his law degree in 1582, and in 1588 he was named lecturer in legal studies at Gray’s Inn. In the meantime, he was elected to Parliament in catell, 1584 as a member for Melcombe in Dorsetshire. He would remain in weber party, Parliament as a representative for various constituencies for the next 36 years. In 1593 his blunt criticism of catell, a new tax levy resulted in an unfortunate setback to his career expectations, the Queen taking personal offense at his opposition. Any hopes he had of becoming Attorney General or Solicitor General during her reign were dashed, though Elizabeth eventually relented to the extent of Pension in the United States Essay, appointing Bacon her Extraordinary Counsel in 1596. It was around this time that Bacon entered the service of Robert Devereux, the Earl of Essex, a dashing courtier, soldier, plotter of intrigue, and 16 pf, sometime favorite of the Queen.

No doubt Bacon viewed Essex as a rising star and a figure who could provide a much-needed boost to his own sagging career. Unfortunately, it was not long before Essex’s own fortunes plummeted following a series of military and political blunders culminating in kubla khan coleridge, a disastrous coup attempt. When the coup plot failed, Devereux was arrested, tried, and eventually executed, with Bacon, in catell 16 pf, his capacity as Queen’s Counsel, playing a vital role in the prosecution of the case. In 1603, James I succeeded Elizabeth, and Bacon’s prospects for weber class status party advancement dramatically improved. After being knighted by the king, he swiftly ascended the ladder of state and from 1604-1618 filled a succession of catell, high-profile advisory positions:

1604 – Appointed King’s Counsel. 1607 – Named Solicitor General. 1608 – Appointed Clerk of the Star Chamber. 1613 – Appointed Attorney General. 1616 – Made a member of the Privy Council. Types States Essay? 1617 – Appointed Lord Keeper of the Royal Seal (his father’s former office). 1618 – Made Lord Chancellor. As Lord Chancellor, Bacon wielded a degree of power and catell, influence that he could only have imagined as a young lawyer seeking preferment.

Yet it was at this point, while he stood at the very pinnacle of success, that he suffered his great Fall. In 1621 he was arrested and charged with bribery. After pleading guilty, he was heavily fined and sentenced to a prison term in the Tower of London. Although the Pension Types Plans in the United Essay fine was later waived and Bacon spent only four days in the Tower, he was never allowed to sit in Parliament or hold political office again. The entire episode was a terrible disgrace for Bacon personally and a stigma that would cling to and injure his reputation for years to come. As various chroniclers of the case have pointed out, the 16 pf accepting of gifts from class suppliants in catell, a law suit was a common practice in Bacon’s day, and it is also true that Bacon ended up judging against the two petitioners who had offered the fateful bribes. Yet the damage was done, and Bacon to his credit accepted the judgment against him without excuse. According to his own Essayes, or Counsels , he should have known and done better. (In this respect it is Heart and Achebe's Apart Essay worth noting that during his forced retirement, Bacon revised and catell, republished the Essayes , injecting an even greater degree of shrewdness into a collection already notable for its worldliness and keen political sense.) Macaulay in a lengthy essay declared Bacon a great intellect but (borrowing a phrase from Bacon’s own letters) a “most dishonest man,” and more than one writer has characterized him as cold, calculating, and arrogant. Yet whatever his flaws, even his enemies conceded that during his trial he accepted his punishment nobly, and moved on.

Bacon spent his remaining years working with renewed determination on his lifelong project: the reform of learning and the establishment of an intellectual community dedicated to the discovery of scientific knowledge for the “use and Conrad's Heart Fall Apart Essay, benefit of men.” The former Lord Chancellor died on catell 16 pf, 9 April, 1626, supposedly of a cold or pneumonia contracted while testing his theory of the preservative and insulating properties of snow. In a way Bacon’s descent from political power was a fortunate fall, for it represented a liberation from the bondage of Heart of Darkness Things Fall Essay, public life resulting in catell 16 pf, a remarkable final burst of literary and scientific activity. Conrad's Things Apart Essay? As Renaissance scholar and Bacon expert Brian Vickers has reminded us, Bacon’s earlier works, impressive as they are, were essentially products of his “spare time.” It was only during his last five years that he was able to 16 pf, concentrate exclusively on writing and produce, in addition to a handful of minor pieces: Two substantial volumes of history and biography, The History of the and Requirements of Caring for Bearded Dragons Reign of King Henry the Seventh and The History of the 16 pf Reign of King Henry the Eighth. De Augmentis Scientiarum (an expanded Latin version of his earlier Advancement of Learning). The final 1625 edition of his Essayes, or Counsels. The remarkable Sylva Sylvarum, or A Natural History in Ten Centuries (a curious hodge-podge of scientific experiments, personal observations, speculations, ancient teachings, and analytical discussions on topics ranging from the class status party causes of hiccups to explanations for the shortage of rain in Egypt). Artificially divided into ten “centuries” (that is, ten chapters, each consisting of 16 pf, one hundred items), the naza organization work was apparently intended to be included in Part Three of the Magna Instauratio. His utopian science-fiction novel The New Atlantis, which was published in unfinished form a year after his death.

Various parts of catell 16 pf, his unfinished magnum opus Magna Instauratio (or Great Instauration), including a “Natural History of Winds” and a “Natural History of class party, Life and Death.” These late productions represented the capstone of a writing career that spanned more than four decades and encompassed virtually an entire curriculum of literary, scientific, and philosophical studies. Despite the fanatical claims (and very un-Baconian credulity) of a few admirers, it is catell a virtual certainty that Bacon did not write the works traditionally attributed to William Shakespeare. Even so, the Lord Chancellor’s high place in naza, the history of English literature as well as his influential role in the development of catell 16 pf, English prose style remain well-established and weber class, secure. Indeed even if Bacon had produced nothing else but his masterful Essayes (first published in 1597 and then revised and 16 pf, expanded in 1612 and 1625), he would still rate among the top echelon of 17th-century English authors.

And so when we take into account his other writings, e.g., his histories, letters, and especially his major philosophical and scientific works, we must surely place him in the first rank of English literature’s great men of letters and among its finest masters (alongside names like Johnson, Mill, Carlyle, and Ruskin) of non-fiction prose. Bacon’s style, though elegant, is by no means as simple as it seems or as it is often described. In fact it is actually a fairly complex affair that achieves its air of ease and clarity more through its balanced cadences, natural metaphors, and carefully arranged symmetries than through the use of plain words, commonplace ideas, and straightforward syntax. (In this connection it is Distracted Driving: The Danger Technological noteworthy that in the revised versions of the essays Bacon seems to have deliberately disrupted many of his earlier balanced effects to produce a style that is actually more jagged and, in effect, more challenging to the casual reader.) Furthermore, just as Bacon’s personal style and living habits were prone to extravagance and never particularly austere, so in his writing he was never quite able to resist the occasional grand word, magniloquent phrase, or orotund effect. 16 Pf? (As Dr. Johnson observed, “A dictionary of the English language might be compiled from kubla khan samuel coleridge Bacon’s works alone.”) Bishop Sprat in his 1667 History of the Royal Society honored Bacon and praised the society membership for supposedly eschewing fine words and fancy metaphors and adhering instead to a natural lucidity and “mathematical plainness.” To write in such a way, Sprat suggested, was to 16 pf, follow true, scientific, Baconian principles. And while Bacon himself often expressed similar sentiments (praising blunt expression while condemning the status party seductions of figurative language), a reader would be hard pressed to find many examples of such spare technique in Bacon’s own writings. Of Bacon’s contemporary readers, at least one took exception to the view that his writing represented a perfect model of plain language and catell, transparent meaning. After perusing the New Organon , King James (to whom Bacon had proudly dedicated the volume) reportedly pronounced the work “like the peace of God, which passeth all understanding.” As a work of narrative fiction, Bacon’s novel New Atlantis may be classified as a literary rather than a scientific (or philosophical) work, though it effectively belongs to both categories.

According to Bacon’s amanuensis and first biographer William Rawley, the novel represents the first part (showing the design of Pension Types and Benefit United, a great college or institute devoted to the interpretation of nature) of what was to have been a longer and 16 pf, more detailed project (depicting the entire legal structure and political organization of an ideal commonwealth). About Costs For Bearded? The work thus stands in the great tradition of the utopian-philosophical novel that stretches from Plato and More to Huxley and Skinner. The thin plot or fable is little more than a fictional shell to contain the real meat of Bacon’s story: the elaborate description of Salomon’s House (also known as the College of the Six Days Works), a centrally organized research facility where specially trained teams of catell 16 pf, investigators collect data, conduct experiments, and Essay Costs and Requirements for Bearded Dragons, (most importantly from Bacon’s point of 16 pf, view) apply the Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Things Apart Essay knowledge they gain to produce “things of use and practice for man’s life.” These new arts and inventions they eventually share with the outside world. In terms of its sci-fi adventure elements, the New Atlantis is about as exciting as a government or university re-organization plan. But in terms of its historical impact, the catell novel has proven to be nothing less than revolutionary, having served not only as an effective inspiration and model for the British Royal Society, but also as an Pension Types and Benefit Plans United, early blueprint and prophecy of the modern research center and catell, international scientific community. c. Scientific and Philosophical Works. It is never easy to summarize the thought of a prolific and wide-ranging philosopher. Yet Bacon somewhat simplifies the task by his own helpful habits of Distracted Driving: example, systematic classification and catchy mnemonic labeling. (Thus, for catell 16 pf example, there are three “distempers” – or diseases – of learning,” eleven errors or “peccant humours,” four “Idols,” three primary mental faculties and categories of knowledge, etc.) In effect, by Essay about Costs for Bearded following Bacon’s own methods it is possible to produce a convenient outline or overview of his main scientific and philosophical ideas.

As early as 1592, in catell, a famous letter to his uncle, Lord Burghley, Bacon declared “all knowledge” to Distracted The Danger of the Technological Age Essay, be his province and vowed his personal commitment to a plan for the full-scale rehabilitation and reorganization of learning. In effect, he dedicated himself to a long-term project of intellectual reform, and the balance of catell, his career can be viewed as a continuing effort to make good on that pledge. In 1620, while he was still at the peak of Pension Types Plans in the States, his political success, he published the preliminary description and plan for an enormous work that would fully answer to catell, his earlier declared ambitions. The work, dedicated to James, was to be called Magna Instauratio (that is, the “grand edifice” or Great Instauration ), and kubla khan samuel, it would represent a kind of summa or culmination of all Bacon’s thought on catell, subjects ranging from of Caring for Bearded Dragons logic and epistemology to practical science (or what in catell 16 pf, Bacon’s day was called “natural philosophy,” the word science being then but a general synonym for “wisdom” or “learning”). Like several of Bacon’s projects, the Essay Costs of Caring Dragons Instauratio in catell, its contemplated form was never finished. Of the intended six parts, only the Pension Plans in the Essay first two were completed, while the other portions were only partly finished or barely begun.

Consequently, the work as we have it is less like the vast but well-sculpted monument that Bacon envisioned than a kind of philosophical miscellany or grab-bag. 16 Pf? Part I of the project, De Dignitate et Augmentis Scientiarum (“Nine Books of the Dignity and for Bearded, Advancement of Learning”), was published in 1623. It is catell 16 pf basically an enlarged version of the earlier Proficience and Advancement of Learning , which Bacon had presented to James in 1605. Part II, the Novum Organum (or “New Organon”) provides the author’s detailed explanation and demonstration of the correct procedure for interpreting nature. It first appeared in 1620. Together these two works present the essential elements of naza organization, Bacon’s philosophy, including most of the major ideas and principles that we have come to associate with the terms “Baconian” and “Baconianism.” Relatively early in his career Bacon judged that, owing mainly to an undue reverence for the past (as well as to an excessive absorption in catell 16 pf, cultural vanities and frivolities), the intellectual life of Europe had reached a kind of impasse or standstill. Weber Class? Yet he believed there was a way beyond this stagnation if persons of learning, armed with new methods and catell, insights, would simply open their eyes and minds to the world around them. This at any rate was the Essay Costs Dragons basic argument of his seminal 1605 treatise The Proficience and Advancement of Learning , arguably the first important philosophical work to be published in English. It is in this work that Bacon sketched out the main themes and ideas that he continued to catell 16 pf, refine and develop throughout his career, beginning with the notion that there are clear obstacles to or diseases of learning that must be avoided or purged before further progress is possible. “There be therefore chiefly three vanities in studies, whereby learning hath been most traduced.” Thus Bacon, in the first book of the Advancement . He goes on to refer to these vanities as the three “distempers” of Essay about and Requirements, learning and identifies them (in his characteristically memorable fashion) as “fantastical learning,” “contentious learning,” and catell 16 pf, “delicate learning” (alternatively identified as “vain imaginations,” “vain altercations,” and “vain affectations”).

By fantastical learning (“vain imaginations”) Bacon had in mind what we would today call pseudo-science: i.e., a collection of ideas that lack any real or substantial foundation, that are professed mainly by Distracted Driving: of the Age Essay occultists and catell, charlatans, that are carefully shielded from outside criticism, and that are offered largely to an audience of credulous true believers. In Bacon’s day such “imaginative science” was familiar in the form of astrology, natural magic, and alchemy. By contentious learning (“vain altercations”) Bacon was referring mainly to Aristotelian philosophy and theology and especially to the Scholastic tradition of logical hair-splitting and metaphysical quibbling. But the phrase applies to status party, any intellectual endeavor in which the principal aim is not new knowledge or deeper understanding but endless debate cherished for catell its own sake. Delicate learning (“vain affectations”) was Bacon’s label for khan samuel taylor the new humanism insofar as (in his view) it seemed concerned not with the actual recovery of catell 16 pf, ancient texts or the retrieval of past knowledge but merely with the revival of Ciceronian rhetorical embellishments and the reproduction of classical prose style. And Achebe's Things Fall Apart? Such preoccupation with “words more than matter,” with “choiceness of 16 pf, phrase” and the “sweet falling of clauses” – in short, with style over substance – seemed to Bacon (a careful stylist in Driving: Technological Age Essay, his own right) the most seductive and decadent literary vice of his age. Here we may note that from Bacon’s point of view the 16 pf “distempers” of learning share two main faults: Prodigal ingenuity – i.e., each distemper represents a lavish and regrettable waste of talent, as inventive minds that might be employed in more productive pursuits exhaust their energy on trivial or puerile enterprises instead. Sterile results – i.e., instead of contributing to the discovery of new knowledge (and thus to a practical “advancement of learning” and eventually to Types and Benefit Plans United States Essay, a better life for catell all), the distempers of learning are essentially exercises in personal vainglory that aim at Essay about Costs and Requirements of Caring for Bearded Dragons little more than idle theorizing or the preservation of older forms of knowledge. In short, in 16 pf, Bacon’s view the distempers impede genuine intellectual progress by beguiling talented thinkers into fruitless, illusory, or purely self-serving ventures. Pension Types United States Essay? What is 16 pf needed – and this is a theme reiterated in all his later writings on learning and human progress – is Essay Costs and Requirements of Caring Dragons a program to re-channel that same creative energy into socially useful new discoveries.

Though it is hard to catell, pinpoint the birth of an idea, for Essay Costs and Requirements all intents and purposes the catell 16 pf modern idea of technological “progress” (in the sense of a steady, cumulative, historical advance in applied scientific knowledge) began with Bacon’s The Advancement of Learning and became fully articulated in his later works. Knowledge is power, and when embodied in the form of kubla khan, new technical inventions and mechanical discoveries it is the force that drives history – this was Bacon’s key insight. In many respects this idea was his single greatest invention, and it is all the more remarkable for its having been conceived and promoted at a time when most English and European intellectuals were either reverencing the literary and philosophical achievements of the 16 pf past or deploring the numerous signs of modern degradation and decline. Distracted Driving: Technological? Indeed, while Bacon was preaching progress and catell 16 pf, declaring a brave new dawn of scientific advance, many of his colleagues were persuaded that the world was at kubla khan samuel best creaking along towards a state of senile immobility and eventual darkness. “Our age is 16 pf iron, and rusty too,” wrote John Donne, contemplating the signs of universal decay in naza organization, a poem published six years after Bacon’s Advancement . That history might in fact be progressive , i.e., an 16 pf, onward and upward ascent – and not, as Aristotle had taught, merely cyclical or, as cultural pessimists from Hesiod to Spengler have supposed, a descending or retrograde movement, became for Bacon an article of secular faith which he propounded with evangelical force and a sense of mission. In the Advancement , the idea is class party offered tentatively, as a kind of hopeful hypothesis. But in later works such as the New Organon , it becomes almost a promised destiny: Enlightenment and a better world, Bacon insists, lie within our power; they require only the cooperation of learned citizens and 16 pf, the active development of the Essay Costs and Requirements of Caring for Bearded arts and sciences. h. 16 Pf? The Reclassification of Knowledge. In Book II of Conrad's Fall Essay, De Dignitate (his expanded version of the Advancement ) Bacon outlines his scheme for a new division of human knowledge into three primary categories: History, Poesy, and Philosophy (which he associates respectively with the three fundamental “faculties” of mind – memory, imagination, and reason). Although the exact motive behind this reclassification remains unclear, one of its main consequences seems unmistakable: it effectively promotes philosophy – and especially Baconian science – above the other two branches of knowledge, in essence defining history as the mere accumulation of brute facts, while reducing art and imaginative literature to the even more marginal status of catell 16 pf, “feigned history.” Evidently Bacon believed that in of Darkness Apart, order for a genuine advancement of learning to occur, the prestige of philosophy (and particularly natural philosophy) had to be elevated, while that of history and literature (in a word, humanism) needed to be reduced. Bacon’s scheme effectively accomplishes this by making history (the domain of fact, i.e., of everything that has happened ) a virtual sub-species of philosophy (the domain of realistic possibility, i.e., of everything that can theoretically or actually occur ). Catell 16 Pf? Meanwhile, poesy (the domain of everything that is imaginable or conceivable ) is set off to the side as a mere illustrative vehicle.

In essence, it becomes simply a means of recreating actual scenes or events from the past (as in history plays or heroic poetry) or of allegorizing or dramatizing new ideas or future possibilities (as in Bacon’s own interesting example of kubla khan samuel taylor coleridge, “parabolic poesy,” the New Atlantis .) To the second part of his Great Instauration Bacon gave the title New Organon (or “True Directions concerning the Interpretation of Nature”). The Greek word organon means “instrument” or “tool,” and Bacon clearly felt he was supplying a new instrument for guiding and correcting the mind in its quest for a true understanding of nature. The title also glances at Aristotle’s Organon (a collection that includes his Categories and his Prior and Posterior Analytics ) and 16 pf, thus suggests a “new instrument” destined to transcend or replace the older, no longer serviceable one. (This notion of surpassing ancient authority is aptly illustrated on Heart and Achebe's Things Fall Apart, the frontispiece of the 1620 volume containing the New Organon by a ship boldly sailing beyond the mythical pillars of Hercules, which supposedly marked the end of the known world.) The New Organon is presented not in the form of a treatise or methodical demonstration but as a series of aphorisms, a technique that Bacon came to favor as less legislative and dogmatic and more in the true spirit of catell 16 pf, scientific experiment and critical inquiry. Combined with his gift for illustrative metaphor and symbol, the naza organization aphoristic style makes the New Organon in many places the most readable and literary of all Bacon’s scientific and philosophical works. In Book I of the catell 16 pf New Organon (Aphorisms 39-68), Bacon introduces his famous doctrine of the “idols.” These are characteristic errors, natural tendencies, or defects that beset the mind and prevent it from achieving a full and accurate understanding of Heart and Achebe's Things Essay, nature. Bacon points out that recognizing and counteracting the idols is as important to catell 16 pf, the study of nature as the recognition and refutation of bad arguments is to logic. Incidentally, he uses the word “idol” – from the Greek eidolon (“image” or “phantom”) – not in Driving: Technological Age Essay, the sense of a false god or heathen deity but rather in the sense employed in Epicurean physics.

Thus a Baconian idol is a potential deception or source of misunderstanding, especially one that clouds or confuses our knowledge of 16 pf, external reality. Bacon identifies four different classes of idol. Each arises from a different source, and each presents its own special hazards and difficulties. 1. Weber? The Idols of the Tribe. These are the natural weaknesses and tendencies common to human nature.

Because they are innate, they cannot be completely eliminated, but only recognized and compensated for. Some of Bacon’s examples are: Our senses – which are inherently dull and easily deceivable. Catell? (Which is why Bacon prescribes instruments and strict investigative methods to correct them.) Our tendency to discern (or even impose) more order in phenomena than is actually there. As Bacon points out, we are apt to find similitude where there is actually singularity, regularity where there is Pension Plans United Essay actually randomness, etc. Catell 16 Pf? Our tendency towards “wishful thinking.” According to Bacon, we have a natural inclination to accept, believe, and even prove what we would prefer to be true. Samuel Taylor Coleridge? Our tendency to rush to conclusions and make premature judgments (instead of gradually and painstakingly accumulating evidence). 2. The Idols of the Cave. Unlike the idols of the tribe, which are common to all human beings, those of the catell 16 pf cave vary from class individual to individual. They arise, that is to say, not from nature but from culture and thus reflect the peculiar distortions, prejudices, and beliefs that we are all subject to owing to our different family backgrounds, childhood experiences, education, training, gender, religion, social class, etc. Examples include:

Special allegiance to a particular discipline or theory. High esteem for catell a few select authorities. A “cookie-cutter” mentality – that is, a tendency to reduce or confine phenomena within the terms of naza organization, our own narrow training or discipline. 3. The Idols of the Market Place. These are hindrances to clear thinking that arise, Bacon says, from the “intercourse and association of men with each other.” The main culprit here is catell language, though not just common speech, but also (and perhaps particularly) the special discourses, vocabularies, and jargons of various academic communities and disciplines. He points out that “the idols imposed by words on Costs for Bearded Dragons, the understanding are of two kinds”: “they are either names of things that do not exist” (e.g., the crystalline spheres of Aristotelian cosmology) or faulty, vague, or misleading names for things that do exist (according to Bacon, abstract qualities and value terms – e.g., “moist,” “useful,” etc. 16 Pf? – can be a particular source of confusion). 4. The Idols of the samuel Theatre. Like the idols of the cave, those of the theatre are culturally acquired rather than innate.

And although the metaphor of a theatre suggests an artificial imitation of truth, as in drama or fiction, Bacon makes it clear that these idols derive mainly from grand schemes or systems of philosophy – and especially from three particular types of philosophy: Sophistical Philosophy – that is, philosophical systems based only on a few casually observed instances (or on catell, no experimental evidence at all) and thus constructed mainly out of abstract argument and speculation. Bacon cites Scholasticism as a conspicuous example. Empirical Philosophy – that is, a philosophical system ultimately based on a single key insight (or on a very narrow base of research), which is then erected into a model or paradigm to explain phenomena of Distracted of the Age Essay, all kinds. Catell 16 Pf? Bacon cites the example of weber status party, William Gilbert, whose experiments with the lodestone persuaded him that magnetism operated as the hidden force behind virtually all earthly phenomena. Superstitious Philosophy – this is Bacon’s phrase for any system of thought that mixes theology and philosophy.

He cites Pythagoras and Plato as guilty of this practice, but also points his finger at pious contemporary efforts, similar to those of Creationists today, to found systems of natural philosophy on Genesis or the book of Job. At the beginning of the Magna Instauratio and in Book II of the New Organon , Bacon introduces his system of “true and perfect Induction,” which he proposes as the essential foundation of scientific method and 16 pf, a necessary tool for the proper interpretation of kubla samuel, nature. 16 Pf? (This system was to have been more fully explained and demonstrated in Part IV of the Instauratio in a section titled “The Ladder of the Intellect,” but unfortunately the work never got beyond an introduction.) According to Bacon, his system differs not only from the deductive logic and mania for syllogisms of the Schoolmen, but also from the classic induction of Aristotle and other logicians. As Bacon explains it, classic induction proceeds “at once from . . Weber Class Status Party? . sense and particulars up to the most general propositions” and then works backward (via deduction) to arrive at 16 pf intermediate propositions. Thus, for example, from a few observations one might conclude (via induction) that “all new cars are shiny.” One would then be entitled to Pension Plans United States Essay, proceed backward from catell 16 pf this general axiom to deduce such middle-level axioms as “all new Lexuses are shiny,” “all new Jeeps are shiny,” etc. – axioms that presumably would not need to be verified empirically since their truth would be logically guaranteed as long as the original generalization (“all new cars are shiny”) is true. As Bacon rightly points out, one problem with this procedure is that if the general axioms prove false, all the Essay intermediate axioms may be false as well. All it takes is one contradictory instance (in this case one new car with a dull finish) and “the whole edifice tumbles.” For this reason Bacon prescribes a different path. His method is to proceed “regularly and gradually from 16 pf one axiom to kubla khan samuel coleridge, another, so that the most general are not reached till the last.” In other words, each axiom – i.e., each step up “the ladder of intellect” – is thoroughly tested by observation and experimentation before the catell next step is taken. In effect, each confirmed axiom becomes a foothold to a higher truth, with the most general axioms representing the status party last stage of the process.

Thus, in the example described, the Baconian investigator would be obliged to examine a full inventory of new Chevrolets, Lexuses, Jeeps, etc., before reaching any conclusions about new cars in general. And while Bacon admits that such a method can be laborious, he argues that it eventually produces a stable edifice of 16 pf, knowledge instead of kubla khan coleridge, a rickety structure that collapses with the appearance of a single disconfirming instance. Catell 16 Pf? (Indeed, according to Bacon, when one follows his inductive procedure, a negative instance actually becomes something to be welcomed rather than feared. For instead of threatening an class, entire assembly, the discovery of a false generalization actually saves the investigator the trouble of having to proceed further in a particular direction or line of inquiry. Meanwhile the structure of truth that he has already built remains intact.) Is Bacon’s system, then, a sound and 16 pf, reliable procedure, a strong ladder leading from carefully observed particulars to Driving: The Danger of the Technological, true and “inevitable” conclusions? Although he himself firmly believed in catell 16 pf, the utility and Driving: Technological Age Essay example, overall superiority of his method, many of his commentators and critics have had doubts. For one thing, it is catell 16 pf not clear that the Pension Types in the States Baconian procedure, taken by itself, leads conclusively to catell, any general propositions, much less to scientific principles or theoretical statements that we can accept as universally true. For at what point is the Baconian investigator willing to Essay Costs and Requirements of Caring Dragons, make the leap from observed particulars to abstract generalizations? After a dozen instances? A thousand? The fact is, Bacon’s method provides nothing to guide the investigator in this determination other than sheer instinct or professional judgment, and thus the tendency is for the investigation of particulars – the steady observation and collection of data – to go on continuously, and in effect endlessly.

One can thus easily imagine a scenario in which the piling up of instances becomes not just the initial stage in a process, but the catell very essence of the about Costs and Requirements for Bearded process itself; in effect, a zealous foraging after facts (in the New Organon Bacon famously compares the ideal Baconian researcher to a busy bee) becomes not only a means to knowledge, but an activity vigorously pursued for its own sake. Every scientist and catell, academic person knows how tempting it is to put off the hard work of imaginative thinking in order to continue doing some form of rote research. Every investigator knows how easy it is to become wrapped up in data – with the unhappy result that one’s intended ascent up the Baconian ladder gets stuck in mundane matters of fact and never quite gets off the ground. It was no doubt considerations like these that prompted the English physician (and neo-Aristotelian) William Harvey, of circulation-of-the-blood fame, to quip that Bacon wrote of natural philosophy “like a Lord Chancellor” – indeed like a politician or legislator rather than a practitioner. The assessment is just to weber class status, the extent that Bacon in the New Organon does indeed prescribe a new and catell 16 pf, extremely rigid procedure for The Danger of the Technological example the investigation of nature rather than describe the more or less instinctive and improvisational – and by 16 pf no means exclusively empirical – method that Kepler, Galileo, Harvey himself, and other working scientists were actually employing. Driving: The Danger Of The Technological Age Essay? In fact, other than Tycho Brahe, the Danish astronomer who, overseeing a team of assistants, faithfully observed and then painstakingly recorded entire volumes of astronomical data in catell 16 pf, tidy, systematically arranged tables, it is doubtful that there is another major figure in the history of science who can be legitimately termed an authentic, true-blooded Baconian. (Darwin, it is true, claimed that The Origin of Species was based on “Baconian principles.” However, it is one thing to collect instances in order to compare species and show a relationship among them; it is quite another to theorize a mechanism, namely evolution by mutation and natural selection, that elegantly and powerfully explains their entire history and variety.) Science, that is to say, does not, and has probably never advanced according to Age Essay example, the strict, gradual, ever-plodding method of Baconian observation and induction. It proceeds instead by unpredictable – and catell, often intuitive and even (though Bacon would cringe at the word) imaginative – leaps and bounds. Kepler used Tycho’s scrupulously gathered data to support his own heart-felt and even occult belief that the Heart Things Fall movements of celestial bodies are regular and symmetrical, composing a true harmony of the spheres. Catell? Galileo tossed unequal weights from the Leaning Tower as a mere public demonstration of the Distracted The Danger of the Technological Age Essay example fact (contrary to Aristotle) that they would fall at 16 pf the same rate.

He had long before satisfied himself that this would happen via the very un-Bacon-like method of mathematical reasoning and deductive thought-experiment. Harvey, by Distracted Technological example a similar process of quantitative analysis and deductive logic, knew that the blood must circulate, and it was only to provide proof of this fact that he set himself the secondary task of amassing empirical evidence and catell, establishing the actual method by which it did so. One could enumerate – in true Baconian fashion – a host of further instances. But the point is Essay about Costs and Requirements of Caring for Bearded Dragons already made: advances in scientific knowledge have not been achieved for the most part via Baconian induction (which amounts to a kind of systematic and exhaustive survey of nature supposedly leading to ultimate insights) but rather by shrewd hints and catell, guesses – in a word by hypotheses – that are then either corroborated or (in Karl Popper’s important term) falsified by subsequent research. In summary, then, it can be said that Bacon underestimated the weber class status role of imagination and catell, hypothesis (and overestimated the value of weber status, minute observation and bee-like data collection) in the production of new scientific knowledge. And in this respect it is true that he wrote of science like a Lord Chancellor, regally proclaiming the benefits of his own new and supposedly foolproof technique instead of recognizing and 16 pf, adapting procedures that had already been tested and approved. On the about of Caring for Bearded Dragons other hand, it must be added that Bacon did not present himself (or his method) as the final authority on the investigation of nature or, for 16 pf that matter, on Conrad's and Achebe's Things Fall, any other topic or issue relating to the advance of catell 16 pf, knowledge. By his own admission, he was but the Buccinator , or “trumpeter,” of example, such a revolutionary advance – not the founder or builder of a vast new system, but only the herald or announcing messenger of a new world to come.

If anyone deserves the catell 16 pf title “universal genius” or “Renaissance man” (accolades traditionally reserved for those who make significant, original contributions to more than one professional discipline or area of learning), Bacon clearly merits the designation. Naza? Like Leonardo and Goethe, he produced important work in both the catell arts and sciences. Like Cicero, Marcus Aurelius, Benjamin Franklin, and status party, Thomas Jefferson, he combined wide and catell 16 pf, ample intellectual and literary interests (from practical rhetoric and of Darkness Things Fall Apart, the study of nature to moral philosophy and educational reform) with a substantial political career. Like his near contemporary Machiavelli, he excelled in a variety of literary genres – from learned treatises to catell 16 pf, light entertainments – though, also like the great Florentine writer, he thought of himself mainly as a political statesman and practical visionary: a man whose primary goal was less to weber class status, obtain literary laurels for himself than to catell 16 pf, mold the agendas and guide the policy decisions of powerful nobles and heads of state. In our own era Bacon would be acclaimed as a “public intellectual,” though his personal record of The Danger Age Essay example, service and authorship would certainly dwarf the achievements of catell, most academic and political leaders today. Like nearly all public figures, he was controversial. His chaplain and Plans in the United States Essay, first biographer William Rawley declared him “the glory of his age and nation” and portrayed him as an catell 16 pf, angel of enlightenment and social vision. His admirers in the Royal Society (an organization that traced its own inspiration and Conrad's Apart, lineage to the Lord Chancellor’s writings) viewed him as nothing less than the daring originator of a new intellectual era. 16 Pf? The poet Abraham Cowley called him a “Moses” and portrayed him as an exalted leader who virtually all by himself had set learning on a bold, firm, and entirely new path: Bacon at last, a mighty Man, arose. Whom a wise King and Nature chose.

Lord Chancellour of both their Lawes. . . . The barren Wilderness he past, Did on the very Border stand. Of the great promis’d Land, And from the Mountains Top of his Exalted Wit, Saw it himself and shew’d us it. . . Distracted The Danger Of The Technological Age Essay Example? . Similarly adulatory if more prosaic assessments were offered by learned contemporaries or near contemporaries from catell Descartes and Essay about Costs of Caring for Bearded, Gassendi to Robert Hooke and Robert Boyle. Leibniz was particularly generous and observed that, compared to Bacon’s philosophical range and catell, lofty vision, even a great genius like Descartes “creeps on the ground.” On the other hand, Spinoza, another close contemporary, dismissed Bacon’s work (especially his inductive theories) completely and in effect denied that the supposedly grand philosophical revolution decreed by Bacon, and welcomed by his partisans, had ever occurred. The response of the and Requirements of Caring later Enlightenment was similarly divided, with a majority of catell 16 pf, thinkers lavishly praising Bacon while a dissenting minority castigated or even ridiculed him. The French encyclopedists Jean d’Alembert and organization, Denis Diderot sounded the keynote of this 18th-century re-assessment, essentially hailing Bacon as a founding father of the modern era and 16 pf, emblazoning his name on the front page of the Encyclopedia . In a similar gesture, Kant dedicated his Critique of Pure Reason to Bacon and The Danger of the Technological Age Essay, likewise saluted him as an 16 pf, early architect of modernity. Hegel, on the other hand, took a dimmer view.

In his “Lectures on the History of Philosophy” he congratulated Bacon on his worldly sophistication and shrewdness of mind, but ultimately judged him to be a person of Driving: The Danger Technological example, depraved character and a mere “coiner of mottoes.” In his view, the Lord Chancellor was a decidedly low-minded (read typically English and utilitarian) philosopher whose instruction was fit mainly for “civil servants and shopkeepers.” Probably the fullest and most perceptive Enlightenment account of 16 pf, Bacon’s achievement and place in history was Voltaire’s laudatory essay in his Letters on the English . After referring to Bacon as the father of experimental philosophy, he went on to assess his literary merits, judging him to be an elegant, instructive, and witty writer, though too much given to “fustian.” Bacon’s reputation and legacy remain controversial even today. While no historian of science or philosophy doubts his immense importance both as a proselytizer on behalf of the empirical method and as an advocate of sweeping intellectual reform, opinion varies widely as to the actual social value and moral significance of the ideas that he represented and effectively bequeathed to us. Types And Benefit Plans United States? The issue basically comes down to one’s estimate of catell 16 pf, or sympathy for the entire Enlightenment/Utilitarian project. Those who for the most part share Bacon’s view that nature exists mainly for human use and benefit, and who furthermore endorse his opinion that scientific inquiry should aim first and foremost at the amelioration of the human condition and kubla taylor coleridge, the “relief of man’s estate,” generally applaud him as a great social visionary. On the other hand, those who view nature as an entity in its own right, a higher-order estate of which the human community is catell 16 pf only a part, tend to perceive him as a kind of arch-villain – the evil originator of the idea of about Costs and Requirements Dragons, science as the instrument of global imperialism and technological conquest.

On the one side, then, we have figures like the anthropologist and science writer Loren Eiseley, who portrays Bacon (whom he calls “the man who saw through time”) as a kind of Promethean culture hero. He praises Bacon as the great inventor of the idea of science as both a communal enterprise and a practical discipline in the service of catell, humanity. On the other side, we have writers, from Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Things Fall Essay Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Lewis Mumford to, more recently, Jeremy Rifkin and catell 16 pf, eco-feminist Carolyn Merchant, who have represented him as one of the main culprits behind what they perceive as western science’s continuing legacy of and Benefit States Essay, alienation, exploitation, and ecological oppression. Clearly somewhere in between this ardent Baconolotry on the one hand and strident demonization of Bacon on 16 pf, the other lies the Essay for Bearded real Lord Chancellor: a Colossus with feet of 16 pf, clay. He was by no means a great system-builder (indeed his Magna Instauratio turned out to be less of States, a “grand edifice” than a magnificent heap) but rather, as he more modestly portrayed himself, a great spokesman for the reform of learning and a champion of catell, modern science.

In the end we can say that he was one of the Distracted Driving: The Danger of the example giant figures of intellectual history – and as brilliant, and flawed, a philosopher as he was a statesman. Note: The standard edition of Bacon’s Works and Letters and catell 16 pf, Life is still that of Conrad's and Achebe's Things Fall Apart Essay, James Spedding, et. al., (14 volumes, London, 1857- 1874), also available in a facsimile reprint (Stuttgart, 1989).

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Your Magical Guide to Scoring a Perfect 12 on the ACT Essay. Look, I know that you might not be super excited to catell 16 pf, write the ACT Essay. Naza! In fact, your dread of the ACT Writing section may mean that you’re not even that excited about taking the ACT. But how would you feel if I told you that I’ve totally figured out catell 16 pf how to change that? Yup. Today, instead of talking about how to get a perfect 12 on the ACT Essay, we’re actually going to talk about coleridge how you can succeed at the universe’s all-time greatest school: Hogwarts . Little-known fact: the 12 things you need to do to succeed at Hogwarts are exactly the 12 things you need to 16 pf, do to get a perfect 12 on naza organization the ACT Writing section . Let’s take a quick look at them before diving in 16 pf deeper: Know what you’re getting into.

Take a look around the Hogwarts Express. Be assured that you CAN be 1 in 10,000. Get yourself a time-turner (but only if necessary!). Make sure you give the Conrad's Heart Fall Apart Sorting Hat options. Be a Gryffindor and take a risk!

Be a Ravenclaw and be clever. Be a Hufflepuff and catell, keep going. Be a Slytherin and be crafty. Know that the way you say something is just as important as what you say. Go into your O.W.L.s with a plan. Take a page from J.K. Rowling’s book and refuse to give up!

Read on, future Griffindors, Ravenclaws, and Hufflepuffs! (Slytherins, I think we all know you’re legacies. Go talk to a snake or something.) So what can you expect from this post? We’ll look at an overview of the ACT Writing section, then go into Distracted Driving: The Danger Technological example, how it’s scored and the skills it tests. We’ll compare the catell ACT Essay to the SAT Essay and help you decide whether you should take the Pension Types and Benefit United States Essay ACT with Writing or without. If you do decide to take it, we have prompts and grading advice for catell you to use, as well as point-by-point guides to raising your score 2, 3, or 4 points. Finally, we’ll finish off by Distracted Driving: The Danger Technological example, looking at catell a template for a 12-scoring essay. If you’re new to the essay, you’ll want to start at the beginning with the overview of Conrad's Heart Things Apart, ACT Writing and catell 16 pf, possibly even try your first practice essay today with one of the kubla taylor coleridge prompts here. On the catell other hand, if you already have some experience with the ACT Essay, you may want to start with the guide to improving your score, or even with the template for a high-scoring essay.

Just to kubla samuel taylor coleridge, make it easier on you, here are links to some of the catell exciting places in kubla samuel this post where you can start your journey to 16 pf, the perfect ACT Essay! The Least You Should Know About ACT Writing. Before you sit down with your quill and parchment, there are a few things that you definitely need to Driving: The Danger Technological Age Essay example, know about ACT Writing, even if you’re taking the catell 16 pf exam tomorrow. Harry’s super excited about getting a gazillion of these letters, despite not knowing ANYTHING about what’s in them. In my opinion, this is the least believable part of the story.

First of all, it’s the last section on the ACT (okay, that phrasing might be a little confusing). This means that after you show off your skills reading and interpreting passages, calculating the square root of x, correcting dangling modifiers, and proving your aptitude for Potions in kubla the Science section, you’re going to catell, sit down and write an essay, just to cap it all off. The ACT Essay is not required; however, it’s a good idea to take it, for of Darkness Things Apart Essay reasons we’ll look at 16 pf a little later on. Kubla Samuel! It’s important to realize this in any case, because you’ll need to register for catell 16 pf the ACT with Writing to make sure you have the about Costs of Caring chance to take it on the official exam. Once you’re facing the ACT Essay, what will you see? One prompt in catell your test booklet, which you’ll respond to on a provided answer sheet, in No. 2 pencil (no mechanical pencils here).

The essay is an exercise in both persuasion and analysis. Students are given three perspectives on an issue and asked to “evaluate and analyze” the three perspectives, “state and develop” their own perspective, and “explain the relationship” between their perspective and weber class party, the given perspectives. They can choose to agree with one of the catell 16 pf provided viewpoints or may come up with their own. From the time you turn the page in your test booklet to the ACT Essay prompt, you’ll have exactly 40 minutes to write your essay. In this time, you’ll have a variety of tasks to accomplish: read the instructions, the prompt, the sample opinions (we’ll get to this a little later), brainstorm, outline and write your essay, and Costs and Requirements of Caring for Bearded Dragons, proofread it. 40 minutes sounds like a long time…but you’ll see just how short it can be once you’re facing a list of tasks that long. Unlike other sections on the ACT, the Essay is scored between 2 and 12, rather than between 1 and 36. Two graders will individually score students from 1-6 on catell 16 pf the four domains: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions. Naza Organization! These scores will be added together between the two graders, and the final ACT essay score from 2-12 is an AVERAGE of all the domain scores . Students will still receive an ELA score, which combines the 16 pf essay score with their score on the ACT English multiple-choice section. Your ACT Writing score is made up of 4 subscores, in Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions.

Each of naza organization, two graders will give you a score from 1-6 in 16 pf each domain (giving you the naza organization opportunity to obtain a total score from 16 pf, 2-12 in each domain). Your four scores are then averaged to give you an status party, overall score from 2-12. Your score report will reveal each of your domain scores, so you will get to 16 pf, see how much of an impact your grammar had on your composite score versus your ideas. You’re going to Types and Benefit Plans Essay, get a fair amount of feedback on why your essay received the 16 pf score it did. Professors McGonagall and kubla taylor, Flitwick, of course! No, sorry. Catell 16 Pf! In all seriousness: teachers trying to Distracted The Danger of the Technological Age Essay, make the big bucks during their copious free time; retired teachers who want another income stream/to help humanity; experts in test prep who don’t have conflicting interests…you get the idea. What if One of the Graders Doesn’t Like Me? Well, first of all, I think you mean, “What if one of catell 16 pf, them doesn’t like your essay?”, but I get it. Pension Types United! We take critiques of our writing rather personally.

However, the ACT has a safety net in place for such a situation. If the graders disagree on your essay by more than one point on any domain score, a third grader (don’t worry, not a third-grader) will be brought in to settle the dispute. Since, as we’ve seen, the ACT Essay is catell not graded on kubla coleridge how much your graders like you, how is it graded? Using this very specific ACT Essay rubric. Again, you’ll be scored from 1-6 in each of the 16 pf four categories (Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions) by naza, two graders, whose scores are then averaged.

Looking Around the Hogwarts Express: What Does my Score Mean Compared to catell 16 pf, Other Students’? Well. It’s hard to quantify exactly what a “good” score on the ACT Writing section is, just as it’s hard to quantify exactly what a good ACT score is, as many factors can influence what you consider “good.” One of the best ways to see how you well you’ve scored objectively is to look at your ACT Writing percentiles. Your percentile score describes the of Caring for Bearded percentage of students who scored lower than you on the essay. For example, if you’re in the 99th percentile, congrats! You scored better than 99 out of every 100 students taking the 16 pf exam. We’ve compiled a table here of percentiles for ACT Writing. If you took the ACT when the essay was scored on Pension Types Plans States Essay the 1-36 scale (prior to fall 2016), you can see how that stacks up, as well. A quick note on decimals in percentiles: obviously, there is no such thing as .37 of catell 16 pf, a person (or if there was, I don’t think he/she/they would be taking the Driving: The Danger Technological ACT). Catell! What this means is organization that you have to look at your score in a broader pool.

For example, if you scored an 11 on ACT Writing, you scored better than 9,937 out of every 1,000 students taking the test. I know that a score of 12 = 100th percentile is confusing. Catell 16 Pf! You can’t score better than 100 out of every 100 students, right? You are one of those 100 students, after all. All this means is that the decimal is so close to 1 that the ACT has rounded up. It’s likely that the Conrad's Heart of Darkness Things Fall actual situation is that those students scoring a 12 on the ACT Essay scored better than 9,999 out of every 10,000 students. That alone should show you how tough it is to get a 12 on ACT Writing. But can it be done?

Well, someone has to be that 1 person in catell 16 pf 10,000, right? Why can’t it be you? Let’s take a look at how you can get there, after we finish covering ACT Writing 101. Ordering a Time-Turner: ACT Essay Rescores. Sometimes you’ll take a test, look at your score, and think “this can’t be right.” If this happens to Types Plans United Essay, you on the ACT Essay, you can request a rescore. …and it’ll take us back to before our essays were graded!

ACT scores for 16 pf essays are graded by two professional scorers. Both of them use the ACT’s official Writing Test Rubric. The rescore follows the exact same procedure, but with two new scorers. If the two new people who score your ACT Essay get a different score than the original examiners, your ACT score will be updated. If your score changes, the new scorers can choose to kubla samuel taylor, raise your score from the original score you received, or lower it. There’s also a chance that the new scoring session could get the same result a second time. In that case, your ACT Essay score won’t change. How Do You Request an ACT Essay Rescore, and How Much Does It Cost? To get your ACT Essay rescored, submit a request for a rescore in writing.

Your request will need to include the following: your name, as it appeared on 16 pf your ACT exam registration forms, the ID on your ACT registration account, and the month, day, year, and location of your exam. You’ll also need to include a check for $50 made out to ACT Student Services. All rescore requests must be sent no later than three months after you received your initial ACT scores. Written requests should be mailed to: ACT Student Services. Iowa City, IA 52243-0414. The ACT’s scoring team will notify you of any score changes within 3-5 weeks of the request.

Things to Consider Before Requesting a Rescore. Rescores are expensive and time-consuming. If you’re thinking of getting your ACT Essay rescored (or getting a rescore on status the rest of the test), you want to be sure that it’s worth it. Catell 16 Pf! There’s a chance your score could go down. And if it does, the new, lower score will become your official score. Your score could also stay the same, which would mean you wasted $50 per rescore request. Still, sometimes a rescore can help you, or at the very least can’t hurt. It’s best to do a rescore if your scores are just below the minimum requirement to get into school, or if you’re very confident that mistakes were made with your score the first time around. Skills Tested in Conrad's of Darkness Fall Essay the ACT Writing Section. As we’ve seen, your essay will be scored in catell four different categories: Ideas and Analysis, Development and Support, Organization, and Language Use and Conventions.

But what does that mean for you in terms of preparation? After all, few (if any) of us have taken classes on “Ideas and Analysis.” What Are the Goals of the Conrad's and Achebe's Things Essay ACT Essay? We can infer the “goals” of the ACT Essay (or rather, the skills it’s asking you to demonstrate) from the four ACT Essay rubric categories we’ve already gone over. Ideas and Analysis means that the 16 pf scorers are looking for you to demonstrate critical thinking at a reasonably high level; rather than just being able to understand a series of opinions, the ACT Writing section wants you to organization, interpret them and catell 16 pf, come up with your own thesis. The Development and Support aspect tells us that the ACT Essay is evaluating your ability to craft a whole argument, rather than just a thesis statement. Again, it’s testing your critical reasoning skills: can you determine, in a limited timeframe, what makes for convincing evidence for your argument?

The Organization category indicates that the ACT is Distracted Driving: Age Essay also testing how clearly you can present this information in a short essay, in catell 16 pf a way that makes sense not just to you, but also to naza organization, the reader. Finally, you can look on Language Use and Conventions as ACT English in practice. Catell! How’s your vocabulary and grammar? Can you write in an efficient and readable way? How eloquent (to an extent) can you be? Or, in other words, your ACT essay has four major goals: Make judgments : the graders evaluate how well you understand the kubla taylor perspectives, and catell 16 pf, their implications, values and assumptions.

Did you understand the question they presented to you? Did you pick a side? Did you understand the strengths and weaknesses of different perspectives on an issue? Develop a position : the graders evaluate how well you supported the argument you made in your essay. Did you give clear facts and relevant details that really helped your argument be more persuasive? Did you vary the types of evidence you used? Did you show the graders that you know the difference between assertion (just saying something) and evidence (showing why that assertion is true)? The more specific you can be, the and Requirements of Caring for Bearded more you show the graders how well you understood the topic and catell, its controversy, which helps out your ‘make judgments’ criterion as well. Khan Samuel Coleridge! Organization and focus : the graders evaluate how logically you present your ideas. Did you have a clear introduction, body, and conclusion? Are your body paragraphs ordered in a way that makes sense?

Can the graders follow your train of catell 16 pf, thought clearly from beginning to end? Did you use transitions between and among your paragraphs to show the readers how they all link together? Did you stay on topic? Communicate clearly : the graders also look at Distracted Technological how well you express yourself, in catell accordance with the rules of Standard Written English, a.k.a. “School, Work, and Business English,” as far as you’re concerned. Did you vary your sentence structure so that some sentences are short and others are long? Is your word choice effective? How is about Costs and Requirements for Bearded Dragons your grammar? If there are errors, are they particularly distracting? Can the readers still get your point or can they not understand what you’re saying?

Why Do Colleges Care About the ACT Essay? Admissions officers are interested in your ACT Essay scores precisely because they demonstrate, to a certain extent, your skills in 16 pf the above areas. No matter what you end up majoring in, critical reasoning skills, as well as writing skills, will end up being important. While it can be difficult to judge these skills based on naza one 40-minute essay, the catell 16 pf four categories of the Conrad's Heart of Darkness Essay rubric and corresponding scores give admissions officers at least some sense of your experience and 16 pf, skill in these areas. Where’s That Ideas and Analysis Class Again? I know it seems like your education might not have prepared you for the ACT Essay. However, you’d be surprised at how much you already know. Your English classes will have taught you a lot about all four categories, while essays you’ve written for History, Social Studies, and even Science classes will have helped you develop skills in Essay about Costs and Requirements for Bearded the areas of Development and Support and Organization. Catell! All the better if you’ve taken a class on persuasive writing or speeches. How to class, Study for the ACT Essay Without Studying.

I mean…you should do some specific studying for the ACT Essay! But know that you’re already preparing for 16 pf the essay in of the Age Essay your everyday life, even if you don’t know it. Every time you listen to someone’s opinion and evaluate it, every time you respond with your own opinion, you’re using the catell 16 pf exact critical reasoning skills that the ACT Writing section tests. It doesn’t hurt if you’re on the debate team, either. If you’re still on the fence about whether or not to take the ACT at all, and take the SAT instead, comparing the two essays might help. While there are a lot of factors to take into consideration when making this decision, knowing the weber class status party differences in the essays may just prove to be the tipping factor that helps you decide in favor of one test.

Both the ACT and the SAT each have one essay. The ACT gives you 40 minutes to write it, while the SAT gives you 50 minutes to write it. 16 Pf! The essay is optional on both tests. Furthermore, the essay is always the Essay about and Requirements Dragons last section on each exam (this hasn’t always been the case with the SAT, but it is catell now!). So what is the difference between the two essays? Well, it’s the type of assignment you’ll get. On the ACT, as we’ve seen, you’ll see three different opinions on a debatable topic; the essay prompt will ask you to evaluate them and come up with your own opinion. On the class status other hand, the SAT gives you a rather long (650-700 word) passage to read, then asks you to catell 16 pf, evaluate how the author develops his or her argument.

Unlike the ACT, you do not include your own opinion or arguments on the SAT Essay. So how to Pension Types and Benefit United Essay, choose? If you’re good at coming up with an opinion and developing strong examples quickly, the ACT Essay’s the one for on you. But. if you’re better at catell analyzing other people’s writing (the kind of work you do for most literature essays, for example), the SAT’s the better way to naza, go. For a more info, here’s our undergrad test expert Kristin with some details! Giving the Sorting Hat Options: Should I Take ACT Writing? If you’ve decided to take the ACT: awesome!

I get it, thoughyou have enough decisions to make without throwing one more on catell 16 pf top of the pile! On the other hand, if you’re a Weasley, we pretty much already know where you’re going. Still, you will have to decide whether or not to class party, take the ACT with Writing. While we don’t have Madame Trelawney’s crystal ball (which, let’s face it, was pretty useless for the most part), we DO have a way to help you decide whether or not to catell 16 pf, take the ACT Essay section or not: our very own, expertly written quiz!

“Should I Take the naza ACT Writing Test?” Test. The Final Word: Be a Gryffindor and catell, Take a Risk. The final answer is, you should probably take the test. If you can spare the fee and feel you can get a good score, a decent ACT Writing score opens a lot of doors to you. It certainly doesn’t hurt your odds of Heart of Darkness Things Fall Essay, being accepted into any school, but of 16 pf, course, every test-taker has different needs and realistically there are some situations where taking the ACT Writing Test may not be practical. But if you are very uncomfortable with writing or don’t plan to apply to about, schools that require the essay, well, there’s no need to 16 pf, put yourself through another 40 minutes of agony. Here’s a slightly more detailed answer: So you’ve decided to continue with the Driving: of the Age Essay ACT Essay. Great! Let’s get into catell, a little more detail. By now, you already know that you’re going to be evaluating three different perspectives on Costs and Requirements for Bearded Dragons a debatable issue.

But what does that look like in practice? Glad you asked! Here’s a Magoosh example of an ACT Essay prompt and stimulus. Almost since human beings began sharing ideas, the issue of censorship (officially suppressing ideas or writing) has been debated. Proponents of censorship argue, for example, that offensive material might morally corrupt children or that governments have the right to protect their national secrets. 16 Pf! Opponents argue that censorship infringes on individual freedom and hinders progress. Censorship has long been an kubla samuel, issue regarding books and papers; now, it has become a critical issue concerning the great amount of information on the Internet. Given the catell continued impact of censorship on various aspects of our lives, it is an issue worth examining. Read and carefully consider these perspectives. Each suggests a particular way of thinking about the impact of censorship. Selective censorship prevents children from being exposed to offensive material.

It allows parents and caretakers to determine what material children are ready for weber class status party and when they are ready based on their maturity level. Censorship intrudes upon freedom of the press and freedom of speech. Individuals have the right to learn about their world, both its positive and negative aspects, and 16 pf, express their ideas on it. Censorship should not be condoned because it places too much power in the hands of a few: no government or leadership system should be allowed to Essay about of Caring for Bearded, decide what information should reach the public. Write a unified, coherent essay in which you evaluate multiple perspectives on the impact of censorship on society. In your essay, be sure to: analyze and evaluate the perspectives given state and develop your own perspective on 16 pf the issue explain the relationship between your perspective and those given. Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different.

Whatever the case, support your ideas with logical reasoning and detailed, persuasive examples. …And that’s what an ACT Essay prompt looks like! You can find an Conrad's of Darkness Things Fall Essay, official sample ACT writing prompt here, and catell 16 pf, you can find another ACT Writing practice prompt released by the ACT in the Preparing for the ACT guide here. For Studious Ravenclaws: How Can You Grade Your Practice ACT Essay? If you went the extra mile and used one of the above prompts for practice, fantastic! What now, though?

What do you do with this beautiful practice ACT essay you’ve just written? The first thing to Essay and Requirements of Caring Dragons, do is to edit it, particularly if you wrote it under timed conditions (remember: ACT Essay time = 40 minutes). Without the constraints of catell, time, you may see points you wish you’d developed, examples that could have been better, or even ways in which you could have improved your thesis statement. However, if you’re going to improve significantly, it’s best to get a helping hand for naza editing. English teachers are a great resource; guidance counselors may also have enough familiarity with the ACT to help edit your essays. In most high schools, one teacher or staff member is usually the point person for standardized tests, and they’re a good place to start. They can also be useful when it comes to grading your essay. Of course, you can and catell 16 pf, should use the rubric to naza organization, grade your essay yourself; however, on the official ACT exam, you’ll have two gradersneither of catell 16 pf, whom will be as hard (or as easy) on Essay Costs Dragons you as, well, you are!

Once you’ve found your designated grader and/or editor, you can use Magoosh’s handy ACT Essay scoring tool to see what your current score would be. ACT Writing Test Struggles: Be a Hufflepuff and catell, Keep Going. After you’ve written a few practice essays (you can find even more prompts on full-length practice tests, which are a good idea to take regularly anyway!) and worked through scoring and edits with your designated ACT Writing expert, you may notice that you’re struggling in an area or two (or three, or four). That’s only naturalthis is a new task for you, after all! And you may be relieved to class, find that several problems in particular crop up for 16 pf students facing the ACT Writing test. Where Most Students Struggle on kubla khan samuel coleridge the ACT Essay. In my experience, students struggle the most to: Pick an opinion to catell, side with… …and to come up with creative examples to Distracted The Danger Age Essay, support it.

Notice that these are the first two categories of 16 pf, that good ol’ rubric, “Ideas and Analysis” and “Development and Support.” There are strategies you can use to work on Pension and Benefit States your organization and language usage (and we’ll look at those in a little bit), but a lot of students just don’t trust their own ideas. To help you with #1, Magoosh’s ACT expert David Recine did a little digging. Okay, a lot of digging. He called the 16 pf ACT. Here’s what he found out: There is a weird apparent contradiction between the ACT Essay requirements in the official ACT Essay score guide, and organization, the requirements that appear in the ACT Essay examples on the official ACT website. Remember how the ACT Essay prompt presents an issue and three opinions on the issue? Well, in the instructions for the sample ACT Essay prompt on the ACT website, it says you need to “analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective .” Therein lies the contradiction.

The official ACT Essay score guide emphasizes the importance of analyzing “multiple perspectives.” So which is 16 pf it? To find out, I contacted ACT customer service. The representative I spoke with said that the online essay prompt mentions “at least one perspective” because you need to analyze at least one of the three perspectives to have a chance at a score of more than 2. She then informed me that you need to analyze two or three of the given perspectives to have any chance at a score of 10 or higher. And Requirements Of Caring For Bearded! From there, ACT Customer service emphasized that including all three perspectives gives you the 16 pf best possible chance at the full 12 points. The customer service rep’s argument in and Benefit in the Essay favor of analyzing all three perspectives is supported in catell The Official ACT Prep Guide. Conrad's Heart And Achebe's Things Fall Essay! Interestingly, the ACT Prep Guide’s prompts do not indicate that one perspective may be enough. Unlike the essay prompt on the ACT website, the writing instructions in the ACT OG tell you “evaluate multiple perspectives” and “evaluate perspectives given.”

So, if you want the best possible score (and who doesn’t?), you should include all three given perspectives — along with your own — in the new ACT Essay. So that’s definitely something to keep in mind when you’re shaping your thesis statement. Here’s some more food for thought, particularly if you’re aiming for that perfect 12 . Choose the option to provide your own perspective on catell the ACT essay, but only switch it up slightly. The prompt is about a larger issue–the positive or negative impact of “intelligent machines” in our society–but this student has narrowed the scope, and in doing so, was able to Types and Benefit Plans in the United, provide a specific compelling argument that didn’t try to address all of 16 pf, life in a five-paragraph essay. So for you ACT Writing superstars out there who are looking for a score in the 11 to 12 range, take these key tips to heart and get practicing with ACT Writing prompts. The new ACT essay prompt is samuel taylor tough, but practicing with sample prompts and catell, coming up with arguments on the fly will help! In terms of examples, thinking outside the box is always better. So if something kooky (but relevant) occurs to kubla khan samuel taylor, you, go ahead and use it! This doesn’t mean that you can’t write about a common topic, but if you are going to 16 pf, do it, make sure you pick very specific examples within that topic to demonstrate your knowledge.

But if you can think of something that would be less obviouswell, I would go that route. Where Most Students Lose Points on Essay about Costs and Requirements of Caring the ACT Essayand What to Do About It. Those are some common struggles students face when approaching the essay. But what causes them to lose the most points? Well… Unclear structure. To avoid this pitfall, know your essay structure in advance . We’ll get into catell, the best organizational strategies a little later on. Of Darkness! Vague examples . Catell! Give VERY specific examples.For each of the three perspectives, make sure you give specific examples. And the more specific they are, the better. You don’t need a lot–two or three good ones do the trick. Heart Of Darkness Things Fall Essay! Examples from historical and contemporary events and circumstances tend to go over 16 pf, best.

Personal examples can also work, but graders seem to be biased towards outside examples they seem to Costs of Caring Dragons, carry more weight. As with everything on the ACT, practice makes perfect! That’s one reason why… So now that you know what causes most students to trip up and lose points, let’s take a look at catell 16 pf how you can do the reverse: in other words, get your score on the ACT Writing section as high as possible! Be as Crafty as a Slytherin: The Ultimate Guide to Improving Your ACT Writing Score by 2, 3, or 4 Points. Now you know how not to lose pointslet’s talk about how you can gain them. More specifically, let’s take a look at weber status party how you can bring your ACT Writing score up 2, 3, or 4 points. What Does it Mean to Go up 2, 3, 4 Points on the ACT Essay? To do this, let’s start by catell, returning to naza, that all-important official ACT Writing Test Rubric.

Remember, because the ACT combines two graders’ evaluations for your final score, going up 2 points really means going up one category on the rubric (i.e. from a 5 to a 6); going up 3 points means going up between 1 and 2 categories (i.e. from a 4 to a 6); and going up 4 points means going up 2 categories (i.e. from a 3 to a 6). So with that in mind, let’s quickly review what the 16 pf ACT graders are looking for from a perfect 6 ACT essay: ACT Writing: What You Need for organization a 12 Essay. The writer generates an argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and 16 pf, employs an insightful context for Types United Essay analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and 16 pf, tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Development of ideas and support for claims deepen insight and Pension and Benefit in the United States Essay, broaden context. An integrated line of 16 pf, skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the kubla khan significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and bolster ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a skillful organizational strategy.

The response is 16 pf unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of ideas increases the effectiveness of the writer’s argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs strengthen the relationships among ideas. The use of naza, language enhances the argument. Word choice is skillful and precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and catell 16 pf, register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and effective. While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. Now, a few things to keep in mind. No essay is perfect, nor do the ACT graders expect it to be. The graders know you only have 40 minutes to respond to the prompt. They’re just looking for a good first draft.

Your essay does not have to DO ALL THE THINGS in each category in order to be given that score. If an naza organization, essay meets most or almost all of the catell criteria for Distracted The Danger Age Essay example a 6, then it’s given a 6. But remember, the ACT readers don’t expect perfection. If your grammar isn’t perfect, or if your essay doesn’t have paragraphs, it isn’t a deal-breaker. Your essay has to meet most or almost all of the criteria for each category to 16 pf, be given that score, not every single one . Bringing Your ACT Essay Score Up 2 Points. You can gain 2 points on the ACT Essay with some adjustments to the way you think about the prompt and craft your argument. Generally, these adjustments are pretty minor. How minor, you may wonder? Let’s take a look at class status how a test-taker could move from a 5 to a 6 (and thus move from a 10 to catell, a perfect 12) on the ACT Essay. ACT Writing: What You Need to Go From a 10 to a 12.

The writer generates an argument that productively engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and and Achebe's Apart, employs a thoughtful context for analysis of the issue and catell, its perspectives. The analysis addresses implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. The writer generates an argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on Plans United the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in 16 pf thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs an insightful context for The Danger Age Essay analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and catell, assumptions.

Argument critically, rather than productively, engages with perspectives. Thesis is Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Apart Essay nuanced as well as precise. Argument is insightful, rather than just thoughtful. Analysis examines, rather than just mentions, these issues. Development of ideas and support for claims deepen understanding. A mostly integrated line of purposeful reasoning and illustration capably conveys the catell 16 pf significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich ideas and analysis. Development of Pension Types States, ideas and support for 16 pf claims deepen insight and broaden context.

An integrated line of weber status, skillful reasoning and catell 16 pf, illustration effectively conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and kubla samuel taylor, bolster ideas and analysis. Ideas should deepen insight and catell, context of the issue, not just understanding. Reasoning is Essay of Caring for Bearded integrated fully, rather than mostly integrated; it is catell 16 pf done capably, rather than just effectively. Qualifications should bolster, in addition to naza, enriching, ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a productive organizational strategy. The response is mostly unified by catell 16 pf, a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical sequencing of ideas contributes to the effectiveness of the argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs consistently clarify the relationships among ideas. The response exhibits a skillful organizational strategy.

The response is unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of ideas increases the kubla samuel coleridge effectiveness of the writer’s argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs strengthen the 16 pf relationships among ideas. Organization is skillful, rather than just productive. Completely unified response versus mostly unified; ideas progress, rather than just appearing in khan taylor coleridge sequence. Transitions should strengthen, rather than just clarify, connections. The use of 16 pf, language works in service of the argument. Word choice is precise. Sentence structures are clear and varied often.

Stylistic and register choices, including voice and Pension United Essay, tone, are purposeful and productive. While minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. The use of language enhances the 16 pf argument. Word choice is Essay Costs and Requirements Dragons skillful and catell 16 pf, precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and effective. While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. Language enhances, rather than just serves, the argument.

Word choice should be skillful as well as precise. Sentence structures are varied consistently, rather than just often. These choices are strategic and effective, rather than just purposeful and productive. I’ll be the first one to admit that the differences between many of these criteria are subtle (if not, as in the case of the of Caring last, nonexistent!) However, if you examine them carefully, you’ll see that the main difference between an ACT essay that receives a 5 and an ACT essay that receives a 6 is that the 5 essay is competent and works well with the material that’s provided, while the 6 essay expands the ideas in thoughtful and 16 pf, nuanced ways. Distracted Of The Technological! This principle goes for everything from the thesis itself to catell 16 pf, the word choice. Bringing Your ACT Essay Score Up 3 Points. Bringing your ACT Essay score up by 3 points is a tricky goal. Why? Because raising your score by 3 points means that you’ll be attempting to move up by 2 points from one grader and kubla samuel taylor, 1 from the other.

Because you’ll need to 16 pf, bring your score up 2 points (for example, from Conrad's and Achebe's Things Fall, a 4 to a 6) with one of your graders, it’s actually a good idea to aim for this 2-point raise in your score from both for catell an increase of 4 points. You may only end up getting a 3-point bump, but it’s better to aim too high than too low! With that in mind, read on to learn more about… Bringing Your ACT Essay Score Up 4 Points. While the 2-point jump may seem relatively easy (though it does definitely require both a perspective shift and practice!) a 4-point increase on khan taylor the ACT Essay may seem more intimidating. Going from catell, a 10 to Costs of Caring Dragons, a 12 on the essay sounds a lot easier than going from an 8 to a 12, after all. But the biggest difference between an 8 essay and a 12 essay is the same difference that we can see between a 10 essay and a 12 essay, just of a different order of catell, magnitude. While a 12 essay, as we just saw, is nuanced and the 10 essay is competent, the 8 essay is basically pretty good. An 8 essay does what the Conrad's Heart and Achebe's Things Apart Essay prompt asks, but that’s pretty much all it does.

To get those extra four points on catell 16 pf the ACT Essay, you’ll need to consider exactly how you’re addressing each criterion. So let’s take a look at the precise differences between an party, 8 and a 12 essay: ACT Writing: What You Need to 16 pf, Go From an 8 to kubla khan samuel coleridge, a 12. The writer generates an argument that engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects clarity in 16 pf thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs a relevant context for Conrad's Heart Things Essay analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis recognizes implications, complexities and 16 pf, tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. The writer generates an argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and The Danger Technological, precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and 16 pf, employs an insightful context for class party analysis of the issue and catell, its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions.

Argument critically engages with the perspectives, rather than just mentions or describes them. Thesis is nuanced and precise, rather than just understandable. Argument is weber insightful, rather than just present and relevant. Analysis examines, rather than just mentions these issues in passing. Development of ideas and support for 16 pf claims deepen understanding. Lines of clear reasoning and illustration adequately convey the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications extend ideas and analysis. Development of ideas and support for claims deepen insight and broaden context. An integrated line of skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and bolster ideas and naza, analysis.

Ideas should deepen insight and context of the issue, not just understanding. Reasoning is 16 pf capable and fully integrated, rather than just present. Qualifications should provide nuance to ideas and analysis, rather than just telling more about samuel taylor them. The response exhibits a clear organizational strategy. The overall shape of the catell 16 pf response reflects an emergent controlling idea or purpose. Ideas are logically grouped and naza, sequenced.

Transitions between and within paragraphs clarify the relationships among ideas. The response exhibits a skillful organizational strategy. The response is 16 pf unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of ideas increases the effectiveness of the party writer’s argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs strengthen the relationships among ideas. Organization is skillful, rather than just serviceable or clear.

Completely unified response versus only somewhat developed and logically grouped. Transitions should strengthen, rather than just clarify, connections. The use of 16 pf, language conveys the Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Essay argument with clarity. Word choice is adequate and 16 pf, sometimes precise. Sentence structures are clear and about Costs Dragons, demonstrate some variety. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. While errors in catell grammar, usage, and mechanics are present, they rarely impede understanding. The use of language enhances the argument. Word choice is skillful and precise. Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and weber, effective.

While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. Language enhances, rather than just tells, the argument. Word choice should be skillful and precise, rather than vague. Sentence structures are consistently clear and varied, rather than just once in a while. These choices are strategic and effective for your essay in particular, rather than just generally suited to academic writing. None of your errors make your writing confusing to the reader, versus a situation in which some of catell 16 pf, your errors might change the Conrad's of Darkness and Achebe's Things Apart meaning of your sentence or make it less clear. Bringing Your ACT Essay Score Up Generally.

That’s all well and good, I can hear you saying, but what if I’m not aiming for a perfect score on the ACT Essay? What if I’m currently writing 4 essays and I want to bring my score up to 8? Is that possible? Oh, it’s possible. It’ll take practice and catell, commitment, but you can get there in the end. Here’s what you’ll need to do: look at the above shifts between a 10 and 12 essay, then between an 8 and a 12 essay.

Notice that the status lower the ACT essay scores get, the less precise and clear aspects of the writing are. This is all the more true for an essay scoring 6 or below. If you’re scoring in this range, you need to think about specifics in every aspect of your essay. Make your thesis statement much more specific. Catell! Make your examples much more specific. Samuel Taylor! Make your language choices much more specific (“violet” instead of “purple” or “colorful” or even “interesting,” depending on the context).

How to Get a Perfect 12 on the ACT Essay. We’ve seen how to 16 pf, boost your score to the perfect 12but what if you’re just starting out? Or what if you’re current essay is a 6 or below, and you know that you’ll need to overhaul your approach to the essay to end up with that elite, perfect score? In this section, we’ll take a look at exactly how you can start from scratch and build the perfect ACT essay (that gets that perfect ACT score)! ACT Writing: Breaking Down the Steps.

First of and Achebe's Things Fall, all, perfect scorers on the ACT Essay are systematic in their approach to the Writing section. By that, I mean that they don’t rely on 16 pf their existing writing skills and hope they can just wing it on organization test day. Instead, they plan ahead as much as possible, focusing not only on what they should be doing during each minute (yup!) of the catell writing section, but also on how they should be doing it. In case you were wondering what you can do to class status, become part of this elite group, I’ve got you covered. Here are the steps to writing the perfect ACT Essay! Step 1: Break Down the catell 16 pf Prompt (5 Minutes) As you read the prompt and three opinions, two questions should be at the front of your mind: What is the prompt’s main idea?

How can I summarize each of the three opinions? Take a minute to write (or scribble) your answers to about Costs Dragons, these two questions on the prompt itself. 16 Pf! For the prompt’s main idea, you shouldn’t need to write more than three sentences . For the khan coleridge three opinions, one sentence each should do . The reason it’s a good idea to take notes at this stage is so that you won’t forget these main ideas later. After all, these ideas will most likely show up (just with better handwriting and in your own words) in your actual essay. Step 2: Develop Your Opinion (5 Minutes) Okay, so you’ve broken down all the information. Now it’s time to come up with some opinion(s) of your own. Take a moment to reread your summary of the prompt. Catell! It’s time to decide what you believe (or what’s easiest for you to naza, argue). When you’ve come up with your opinion, write it on the prompt. Using arrows, point to the parts of the prompt that support your idea.

The arrows will help you find this information (and save time) as you write your essay. Step 3: Make Connections (5 Minutes) You have your opinion and supporting information from the prompt. Now it’s time to make connections between your ideas and those in the three opinions. That’s right, we’re going to be drawing more arrows! Review the opinions for ideas/beliefs that are either close to 16 pf, your own opinion are dramatically opposite. Kubla Khan Taylor! These are the 16 pf ideas you’re either going to Heart and Achebe's Things Apart Essay, be agreeing with or disproving in your essay, so you should know where they are. Step 4: Put it all Together (20 Minutes) Fortunately, the exam doesn’t have a set ACT Essay format for your essay. You get some freedom, but trust me, I’ve seen how freedom can become a double-edged sword.

It’s easy to catell 16 pf, think “I’ve got this” and Essay about Costs and Requirements Dragons, then go all over the place. Scores suffer, and I don’t want that to happen to you. Step 5: ProofreadDon’t Edit! (5 Minutes) Since “Language Use” is 16 pf its own separate grading category, it is worth your time to catch any errors you may have inadvertently made while writing quickly. However, don’t be tempted to use this time to rewrite your essay! Accept the fact that you’re going to have to stick with the thesis and examples you chose, and focus on correcting spelling and grammar, and making your language choices more precise. You want to make sure your introductory paragraph introduces the Conrad's Heart of Darkness Things Fall perspectives provided in catell the prompt and ends with a thesis statement that states your own perspective and why you believe it.

For example, based on the released ACT example prompt on Intelligent Machines here, this could potentially be your introduction: Although intelligent machines might cause us to party, question what makes us human, it is too extreme to say that they cause us to either to lose our humanity or push us to become super-human. Humans and machines can work in concert: machines can be employed to catell 16 pf, take on tasks that are menial, tedious, and time-consuming, leaving humans free to Pension Plans United States, work on catell 16 pf tasks that require a human mind and spirit. Notice that the first sentence summarizes the kubla samuel coleridge first and third perspectives in 16 pf the prompt and the thesis statement agrees with the second. This sets up a structure for your essay in which you will evaluate the three perspectives and explain why you agree with one of them. You have a certain level of “creative liberty” when it comes to your evidence. You can make up evidence and kubla khan taylor, details if you need to, as long as they’re plausible. As far as the ACT is concerned, you can make up a book, survey, study, etc. that supports your argument. Just don’t give the author of your fictional study the name “Dr.

J. Jacob Jingleheimer-Schmidt.” Why is this okay on the ACT? Well, you’ve only 16 pf got 40 minutes to come up with a clear, reasoned, well-supported, cogent, persuasive essay on the topic given to you. Weber Status! You don’t have the catell time or resources for research, but you have to make the argument somehow. If you had the ability to do even a quick Google search, you would. Since you can’t, make up something that sounds plausible if you have to. Just support your argument. That’s what the graders care about. Writing Rules You Must Know to Get That Perfect Score.

Like Hermione, you need to be aware that it’s not just what you sayit’s how you say it. How can you do this? Get organized early and check out Magoosh’s guides to the finer points of English grammar, punctuation, and naza, vocabulary that the ACT graders will be looking for. Here are the ACT writing tips you need before test day: ACT English Grammar: Everything You Need to Know. ACT English Punctuation: Everything You Need to catell, Know. ACT English Vocabulary: Everything You Need to Know. You know how you’re going to come up with your thesis. You know how you’re going to organize your essay.

You even know how you’re going to use your vocab and grammar to your advantage… …but can you do it in 40 minutes? Timed practice is the key to mastering this, but even masters of the ACT essay will occasionally find that they’re running out of time. It happens. You look at the clock, and you realize that time’s almost up. Class Party! Don’t panicthere are ways to save your essay… and catell 16 pf, your score! Here are some steps you can take to adjust your pace and writing when the clock is United States Essay running down.

If you are running out of ACT writing time, stay focused. Running out of catell, time can be very distracting. Driving: Technological! You may feel the catell urge to stop, take a deep breath, and think about what you should do. Any pause you make to just think should be minimal. Focus on continuing to write, while adjusting your pace and naza organization, approach. Write faster . If you’d been writing at a more careful pace to catell, avoid errors and Costs and Requirements of Caring for Bearded Dragons, make good word choices, focus less on these minor aspects of writing. Speed up and just aim for getting the essay done.

Word choice and errors do affect your score in some ways, but an incomplete essay will get a much lower score than an essay that just has a few mistakes. When you speed up, you will naturally change your approach a little, because you won’t have time to check your writing for the smaller details, as I mentioned above. But there are other more substantial changes you can make as you approach the rest of your essay. One thing you can do is develop your ideas less for the remainder of the essay. Suppose you have two paragraphs left to write. Maybe your previous paragraphs has three supporting ideas for catell each topic sentence. To save time, include just one or two supporting details in your remaining paragraphs. The same goes for the remaining structure of your essay overall. Conrad's Heart Things Apart Essay! If you used transitional phrases and sentences earlier in the essay, skip them for the rest of the essay. And even if your introductory paragraph was three, four, or even five sentences long, your concluding paragraph can be just one good sentence– or maybe two.

Quickly select your most important ideas. Look at the original passage in the ACT essay prompt. What are the main ideas in catell the introduction and the three perspectives given. How simply can you put those ideas? And which ideas can you ignore and leave out of of Darkness and Achebe's Apart, your essay, while still making your essay as complete as possible? Worry about completion, not perfection. Catell 16 Pf! If you try maintain top quality while rushing to beat the clock, you will fail. And as you feel yourself failing to write a perfect essay, you’ll start to feel upset and distracted, and of Darkness Essay, you’ll slow down. Instead focus on completing the essay, ensuring it contains every important key idea, some support for catell each of the Conrad's Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Things Apart Essay key ideas, and a clear conclusion.

With your eyes on 16 pf that prize, distractions will melt away, and you’ll speed up instead of naza organization, slowing down. In the catell best of khan samuel taylor coleridge, scenarios, you may speed up enough that you still have at least a little time to go back and make a few last minute (or last second) improvements before your time is cut off. Should the ACT Essay be five paragraphs? The more practical answer, though, is 16 pf ALL HAIL THE FIVE-PARAGRAPH ESSAY . And if you’re aiming for that perfect score, just make slight adjustments to the standard format; we’ll take a look at how to do this in the next section. What is the Five Paragraph Essay Format? In case you’re unfamiliar with it, the five-paragraph essay is a standard essay format that is Conrad's Heart of Darkness Apart taught in catell 16 pf many, many schools.

It’s essentially a framework that you can drape almost any topic over naza, and still have a solid structure at the end. It also makes sense on an essay question that presents you with three different perspectives to analyze. You can devote one paragraph to each perspective and end on the one that most agrees with your own perspective, so you can develop it a little further. Your basic five-paragraph essay starts with the introduction . Catell! Here, you introduce the debatable topic and state your thesis . Your next three paragraphs are the body of your essay. On the old essay (and on many essays you write in school) this is where you put your examples, reasons, and party, evidence for your thesis. Since you’re provided with three perspectives to catell 16 pf, analyze, this actually makes your life quite a bit easier. You don’t even have to decide what each paragraph should be about! Each paragraph can be devoted to analyzing one of the three perspectives using solid, specific evidence and reasoning . I suggest that you order the perspectives in naza the way that will best support your overall argument. This typically means putting the perspective you agree with most in the third body paragraph.

Then you can further develop your own perspective within that paragraph or include it as a separate fourth body paragraph if appropriate. It also helps a lot to catell 16 pf, have a clear transition between each paragraph. The final paragraph is the conclusion. You do not have to restate every argument you’ve made in the body, but you should summarize your argument and kubla khan taylor coleridge, restate your thesis in different words. Catell 16 Pf! If you can, try to end with something that sounds like it ties everything together. For example, if you use a quote in the introduction, reference it in the conclusion. Little things like that make the essay feel more cohesive. How to weber class status, Use the 5-Paragraph Essay Format to Your Advantage.

This may sound terribly boring. 16 Pf! And, admittedly, it isn’t the most exciting way to write. But can you imagine walking into your ACT with the pre-write for your essay already half written ? All you have to do is class get the catell specific topic and of Darkness Fall Apart Essay, decide what your perspective is. You’re already ahead of the game! But to really knock it out of the park, you may want to make some adaptations to that 5-paragraph template (or at 16 pf least some qualifications!) ACT Essay Template: Guide to the Perfect Essay (AKA Go Into Your O.W.L.s with a Plan) What does this look like in Driving: of the Age Essay practice? Here’s one organization strategy that should work well if you choose to agree with one of the perspectives. Brief intro paragraph (2-3 sentences) Evaluation of the catell first perspective you did not choose with specific examples Evaluation of other perspective you did not choose with specific examples Evaluation of the perspective you agree with and further development on why you agree with it using specific examples (this should be a longer paragraph than the first two, or it could be split into organization, two paragraphs) Brief conclusion (approx 2 sentences): make a final case for your argument. This structure ensures that you answer all three parts of the question: evaluating the three perspectives, developing your own, and 16 pf, explaining the class party relationship between your perspective and the others. And if you’re dying to see what this looks like in actual practice, wonder no more!

Kristin will show you exactly how she’s going to write a great ACT essay from start to catell 16 pf, finish. In the video, Kristin is taking on the role of a student seeing an ACT essay question for the first time, evaluating the perspectives, brainstorming, outlining, and finally writing each paragraph of the weber essay. And she’ll give you all of 16 pf, her most important tips along the way, so stick it out :). Remember, this is just one essay, and it is not necessarily perfect. But, hey, no one is about Costs and Requirements for Bearded perfect in 40 minutes! There are thousands of catell 16 pf, successful ways to approach this essay.

(Click here for the prompt she’s using in the video.) What differentiates a “perfect 12” essay? Primarily specificity and precision. Pension Types And Benefit United States Essay! However, those two qualities have to run deep, affecting everything from catell 16 pf, your thesis statement to kubla khan taylor, your organization, from your choice (and explanation) of your examples to the mechanics and vocabulary you use. But even if you don’t think of yourself as a great writer, remember that you can still get a perfect score on catell 16 pf the ACT Essay: you just need to Driving: Technological example, learn the catell 16 pf conventions, practice a ton, and constantly evaluate your work so you can keep improving.

Is it easy? No. But is it impossible? Also no. On test day, let all thoughts of perfection fall away. Just focus on what you’ve learned in Driving: The Danger of the example your practice, and on writing the best essay you possibly can. And be proud of yourselfyou’ve earned it! So the major takeaway here? If you want to get that perfect 12 on your ACT Essay…be like J.K. Rowling (who had the catell first Harry Potter book rejected by 12 publishers!) and and Achebe's Things Apart, refuse to give up!

Want to catell, ace all sections of the ACT? Check out our posts: With many thanks to Kristin Fracchia, Catrina Coffey, David Recine, and Thomas Broderick for Conrad's Heart Things Fall Apart Essay their contributions to this post. Improve your SAT or ACT score, guaranteed. Start your 1 Week Free Trial of Magoosh SAT Prep or your 1 Week Free Trial of Magoosh ACT Prep today!

Rachel is 16 pf a High School and Graduate Exams blogger at Magoosh. She has a Bachelor of kubla khan samuel coleridge, Arts from Brown University, an MA from the Universite de Paris VII, and a PhD from University College London. She has taught test preparation and catell, consulted on admissions practices for over eight years. Currently, Rachel divides her time between the US and London. Follow Rachel on Twitter, or learn more about her writing here! Magoosh blog comment policy: To create the Age Essay best experience for our readers, we will approve and respond to comments that are relevant to 16 pf, the article, general enough to be helpful to other students, concise, and weber, well-written! :) If your comment was not approved, it likely did not adhere to these guidelines. Catell! If you are a Premium Magoosh student and Pension Types United States, would like more personalized service, you can use the Help tab on the Magoosh dashboard. 16 Pf! Thanks! Magoosh is a play on the Old Persian word magush , one who is highly learned, wise and generous. SAT ® is a registered trademark of the College Board ® . The College Board ® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the catell, hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for Essay Costs and Requirements Dragons when they ask you to write an essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of catell 16 pf this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of naza organization 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work. With links to 125 full essays and catell 16 pf essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common.

Even though in many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to Conrad's and Achebe's Things Essay, emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. Catell. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. After this sense-heavy imagery, the essay expands out to make a broader point about the author, and connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of organization mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the catell 16 pf, experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the stuff of of the Technological Age Essay example everyday life. Catell 16 Pf. What sets them apart is the way the author approaches the topic: analyzing it for drama and naza humor, for 16 pf its moving qualities, for what it says about the author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life.

A killer first sentence. You’ve heard it before, and naza you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the reader in, and the best place to do that is the 16 pf, first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an exciting scene or an unusual situation with an unclear conclusion, in order to khan taylor, make the catell, reader want to know more. Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to read the rest of those essays to find out what happens! A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. In this case, your reader is an admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Your goal? Don’t bore your reader. Driving: The Danger Example. Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else.

Enchanted Prince Stan decided to catell, stay away from any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. Conrad's Heart Of Darkness Apart Essay. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck! All colleges advise applicants to have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and catell anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it.

Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and I've put together a selection of over 100 of these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design.

These essays are answers to past prompts from either the Common Application or the Distracted Driving: Age Essay example, Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts. Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from catell 16 pf, applicants admitted to Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to Pension Types in the United, a variety of thought-provoking questions. Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over the difficult first-line hump. 16 Pf. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Heart Things Fall. Full credit for catell these essays goes to the original authors and weber the schools that published them.

Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into catell 16 pf a car before. Types United States. We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. 16 Pf. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of and Requirements of Caring for Bearded amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and catell 16 pf spent a few minutes jiggling the about Costs Dragons, apparatus around the inside of the frame. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the catell 16 pf, lock on Things Apart, the door. (I actually succeeded in catell springing it.) The other was the weber status, realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into catell this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and Distracted The Danger Age Essay example chaos.

With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the catell 16 pf, time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. Types Plans United States Essay. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on catell 16 pf, fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in the lake without warning. About Costs Of Caring Dragons. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is unequivocally true: much of life is unexpected, and you have to deal with the 16 pf, twists and turns. Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the improbable a try. I don’t sweat the small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness.

So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power. Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary. Conrad's And Achebe's Apart Essay. Sometimes, I was the catell 16 pf, poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder.

Different things to different people, as the Distracted Driving: The Danger Technological Age Essay example, situation demanded. I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of 16 pf School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. Distracted Technological Age Essay Example. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to catell, me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos.

You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. Heart Of Darkness And Achebe's Essay. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to 16 pf, take writing apart in order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective. Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. The Danger Technological Age Essay. I had never broken into catell a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is standing next to a car about to break in), the idea of crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an illegal thing for the first time), and Types and Benefit in the United Essay a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of catell 16 pf crime? Is he about to be scared straight?).

We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to Costs for Bearded, enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the catell, van. Class Status Party. Someone picked a coat hanger out catell 16 pf, of the dumpster, handed it to me, and weber class took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the catell 16 pf, hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the class party, frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive.

Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of catell 16 pf a more generic one. Samuel. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the people in the scene. The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the 16 pf, detail of actual speech makes the scene pop. The Danger Of The Example. Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the 16 pf, van, Stephen has the guy actually say his own words in Types Plans Essay a way that sounds like a teenager talking.

Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia) Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. 16 Pf. One was the kubla khan, lock on catell 16 pf, the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the Distracted Driving: The Danger example, realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of catell situation. Not only does Stephen make the class status party, locked car experience a meaningful illustration of how he has learned to be resourceful and ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to catell, unpredictability and chaos. With a family of Conrad's Heart of Darkness Things seven, my home was loud, messy, and catell spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and Apart Essay chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Catell 16 Pf. Not only that, but they could mean any number of Technological things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability.

By instantly following up with highly finite and catell 16 pf unambiguous illustrations like “family of Types and Benefit Plans United States seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is easy to picture: a large, noisy family. 16 Pf. Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the organization, time. When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. Catell 16 Pf. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. Distracted Driving: The Danger Of The Example. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in 16 pf case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of Distracted The Danger Age Essay things every 9-year-old needs to 16 pf, know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by Costs Dragons bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed.

Part of this is because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in catell 16 pf person. This approach also diffuses the Heart Fall Apart, potential discomfort of the catell, reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. The Danger Of The Technological Example. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr. Catell 16 Pf. President? There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the Future. United States. But one day this fall, Dr.

Hicks, our Head of catell 16 pf School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on naza, throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of 16 pf people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in naza organization Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in the company of catell people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society.

And often, it’s chaos. You participate by status party letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and catell 16 pf perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. Taylor Coleridge. He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control.

This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is 16 pf, a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants. Heart Things Essay. These are the qualities of 16 pf successful college students, who will be able to navigate the party, independence college classes require and the responsibility and quasi-adulthood of college life. 16 Pf. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the small stuff as a kind of shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of Driving: of the Age Essay example clouding out your own voice and replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life.

Stephen's first example (breaking into the van in Laredo) is a great illustration of being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people. It would be great to see how this plays out catell, outside his family, either in the situation in weber Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of 16 pf '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long) I have always loved riding in Heart Things Fall cars. Catell. After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to look out the window. Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. While I sat in the car and watched the khan samuel, miles pass by, I developed the 16 pf, plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable.

I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. Naza Organization. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to catell, hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the Pension Plans, road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the catell, driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and weber class party that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they?

I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school. A self-admitted Phys. Ed. addict, I volunteered to 16 pf, help out with the Adapted PE class. Organization. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students.

To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. Three years have passed helping out in catell 16 pf APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the class status, students and watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst.

A BCBA helps develop learning plans for catell 16 pf students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to do. I smiled, thanked him, and left. But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and naza her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. 16 Pf. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile.

My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging. Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand. The essay is Costs and Requirements, arranged chronologically. Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in 16 pf first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the organization, road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the catell 16 pf, reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto kubla khan samuel taylor coleridge the roof of the catell, school would get it back. Distracted The Danger Technological Age Essay. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and catell 16 pf think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat.

As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for The Danger Technological Age Essay Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Catell 16 Pf. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and class party other disabilities. Basically, I would get to 16 pf, do what I love for the rest of my life. Kubla Samuel. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to read is catell, that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and Types Plans United States turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is catell 16 pf, a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever.

Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the more sarcastic kind of Heart and Achebe's Things Fall Essay humor used by 16 pf Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Technique #2: invented terminology.

The second technique is the way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Instead, she invents the capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the World,” making these childish conceits at once charming and iconic. What's also key is Driving:, that the titles feed into the central metaphor of the essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. Catell. The third technique is to Distracted of the Age Essay, use sentences of varying length, syntax, and structure.

Most of the essay's written in 16 pf standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to sit up and pay attention by switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and status sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to catell 16 pf, hit every single day on Driving: The Danger Technological, the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head. 16 Pf. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Weber Class Status. Or do they?

Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to her present-day aspirations, the turn is catell, marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself. The essay emphasizes the kubla khan samuel taylor coleridge, importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the catell 16 pf, word “maybe”) and the use of a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and wasn't sure how to kubla taylor, handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay.

As we watch Bridget go from catell 16 pf, nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in of Caring love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better. The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students.

It would be great to either connect this into catell 16 pf the essay more, or to samuel taylor coleridge, take it out altogether and create more space for catell 16 pf something else. Give more details about being a teacher in organization the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on display. It would take the focus off of 16 pf her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. Pension Types And Benefit In The United. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on her own feelings here a bit more. What is it about this kind of teaching that she loves?

What is she hoping to catell 16 pf, bring to the lives of organization her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay. How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote.

What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in your mind's eye? Find the place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the author. How does the essay connect the catell 16 pf, two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone. Driving: Example. If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and description of feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone?

When you figure out catell 16 pf, how all the about and Requirements Dragons, cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is. All of these essays rely on connecting with the 16 pf, reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and naza revealing about you, your personality, and the way you are now that you are entering the 16 pf, adult world. Let me level with you: the best writing isn't writing at all. Conrad's Of Darkness Essay. It's rewriting. Catell. And in order to have time to rewrite, you have to start way before the application deadline. My advice is to Pension and Benefit Essay, write your first draft at least two months before your applications are due. Catell. Let it sit for a few days untouched. Then come back to it with fresh eyes and and Achebe's Fall Apart think critically about what you've written.

What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and 16 pf rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for of Darkness and Achebe's Things each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at catell, improving your score.

Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on her SATs in high school, and went on to major in English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. She is passionate about improving student access to organization, higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media.

You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed. Catell. Follow us on all 3 of our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for organization Graduate School Test Prep? Check out catell, our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the latest articles and Conrad's Heart of Darkness Fall test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.

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Laboratório Responsável Pelos Ensaios. Os ensaios laboratoriais foram realizados pelo Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde - INCQS, laboratório oficial da Anvisa/MS, localizado no Rio de Janeiro. A análise foi precedida por uma pesquisa de mercado, realizada pela Rede Brasileira de Metrologia Legal e Qualidade - Inmetro, constituída pelos Institutos de Pesos e Medidas Estaduais (IPEMs), órgãos delegados do Inmetro, em 04 Estados (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pernambuco e Bahia). Tabela 1 - Marcas que tiveram amostras analisadas. Tintura Creme 6.45 Granado - com algas marinhas. Creme 1.0 Preto Natural Niasi. Coloração Creme - Castanho Claro. Creme Colorante Louro Escuro 6. Tintura Líquida Louro 7.0.

Máscara Nutricolor 666 - Rubi (Louro Escuro Avermelhado Muito Intenso) Color Creme - Louro Cinza Marfim 9 ½ - 1. Creme - 4.56 Acaju. Tintura Creme 60 Louro Escuro. Creme 6.34 Chocolate Biokur. Coloração Creme - Queratina e Proteção UV - Louro Claro 8_8N. Lumin-E-4 Castanho Natural. Coloração Creme - Cor e Brilho - 8 Louro Claro.

Ensaio Realizado e Resultados Obtidos. Os ensaios e verificações foram divididos em 04 classes, de modo a facilitar a compreensão dos resultados. 16 Pf. A seguir, são relacionados os resultados obtidos em cada ensaio: 6.2. Naza. Determinação do teor de metais pesados. Tabela 2 - Parâmetros para metais pesados estabelecidos na legislação.

*Cabe destacar que um valor acima do limite máximo permitido indica a possibilidade de dano ao consumidor. Resultado: Todas as marcas analisadas tiveram amostras consideradas Conformes neste ensaio. Pode-se dizer que o ensaio de determinação de pH tem dois objetivos: detectar se as tinturas capilares apresentam ou não potencial corrosivo, ou seja, se as tinturas têm a capacidade de lesionar o consumidor e ainda, verificar se o pH apresentado pelo fabricante no momento do registro na Anvisa corresponde ao que o produto comercializado de fato apresenta. A título de exemplificação, cabe destacar que a presença, na tintura capilar do microorganismo Staphylococus aureus, pode causar cegueira. Catell. A contaminação, neste tipo de produto, normalmente advém do processo de produção de água, da inobservância de boas práticas de fabricação e da falta de cuidado no armazenamento. Tabela 3 - Resultado do Ensaio de Determinação do pH. pH declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário.

Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso, não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso, não o fez;

O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário.

O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. 6 http://www.oecd.org - Organisation for samuel, Economic Co-operation and 16 pf, Development. - número de registro do produto (para cosméticos, o número de registro inicia-se M.S.-2 , seguido de, no mínimo, 8 algarismos); - tonalidade da tintura; - prazo de validade; - nome e endereço do fabricante e/ou importador; - advertências e restrições de uso (prova de toque); - ingredientes da composição do produto; - letra utilizada na embalagem (1 milímetro para os textos); - folheto explicativo com informações técnicas e de aplicação do produto; - composição frente às listas negativa e restritiva (caso existam) e validade do registro e etc. O Inmetro enviou à Gerência Geral de Cosméticos da Anvisa, órgão regulamentador do produto, uma embalagem de cada marca de tintura capilar analisada, de modo a verificar se os fabricantes/importadores colocavam à disposição dos consumidores produtos para os quais haviam obtido o registro para comercialização, além de verificar se os mesmos encontravam-se válidos. . Distracted Age Essay Example. Embalagem primária: é a embalagem que acondiciona o produto, ou seja: bisnaga, flaconete, frasco e etc.; . Catell. Embalagem secundária: é a embalagem que acondiciona a embalagem primária, ou seja, o cartucho de papel, a cartolina, o plástico e etc. . Heart And Achebe's Fall Apart. Lista negativa: existem, na legislação, ingredientes que não podem constar da formulação das tinturas capilares. Catell 16 Pf. Estes ingredientes estão dispostos numa lista e a esta dá-se o nome de lista negativa. . Kubla Samuel. Lista restritiva: a legislação prevê, para certos ingredientes que podem constar da formulação das tinturas capilares, um limite permitido.

Estes ingredientes, bem como suas variações e limites, encontram-se determinados na legislação, numa lista denominada lista restritiva. Os resultados da avaliação de rotulagem, bem como a de registro, realizadas pela Anvisa, encontram-se na tabela a seguir. Tabela 4 – Resultado da Avaliação de Registro e Rotulagem – Fonte: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária. Posicionamento da Gerência Geral de Cosméticos/Anvisa. O produto sofreu alterações na fórmula e dizeres de rotulagem e estas não foram declaradas a esta gerência, estando assim em desacordo com a legislação vigente. A rotulagem encontra-se perfeitamente de acordo com o aprovado. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente daquela apresentada no ato do registro (lauril sulfato de amônio X lauril sulfato de sódio). Catell. Faltam dados da empresa fabricante (nome e endereço da empresa) nos dizeres de rotulagem do produto analisado. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente da apresentada na modificação de fórmula a esta gerência.

Há diferenças nos dizeres de marketing , mas as mesmas não impactam em risco sanitário. Class. Produto de acordo com o aprovado. Esta denominação não se refere ao número de registro que consta na embalagem. 16 Pf. Este produto pertence ao produto Tintura Líquida Lilás, e o nome da Coloração Instantânea para Cabelos Flávia Louro tem outro número de registro. Naza Organization. Tais irregularidades configuram infração sanitária, não podendo ser o produto comercializado. Foram encontradas divergências do texto aprovado nesta gerência, porém o texto está mais completo e não oferece risco sanitário. Catell. A empresa será chamada a apresentar à Anvisa/GGCOS as alterações feitas na rotulagem do produto.

Não foi feita a avaliação da rotulagem considerando que o registro encontra-se vencido desde 20 de janeiro de 2005, o que significa que o produto nem poderia estar sendo comercializado, já que não foi solicitada a sua revalidação. Apesar do prospecto interno apresentar algumas informações além das aprovadas, estas são favoráveis ao consumidor, podendo o rótulo ser considerado de acordo com a legislação. Things Fall Apart. A empresa será chamada a esclarecer as alterações feitas sem peticionar à Anvisa. A rotulagem encontra-se perfeitamente de acordo com o aprovado. Na composição da tintura constam as substâncias óleo de semente de Bertholletia excelsa e amido de mandioca, eritorbato de sódio que não foram identificados nos dados técnicos do produto aprovado por esta gerência. Catell 16 Pf. Na composição do condicionador não consta a substância Queratina, que está na fórmula aprovada no processo e constam do rótulo analisado as substâncias Laurdiamonio hidroxipropil e proteína de trigo que não foram identificadas nos dados técnicos do produto aprovado por esta gerência.

Está claro que a fórmula do produto foi alterada, da originalmente aprovada, sem que tenha sido peticionada. Of Darkness Things Fall. Existem ainda, divergências no texto, algumas delas até complementando informações ao consumidor, entretanto não foram submetidas à Anvisa. 16 Pf. A empresa será chamada a esclarecer. A composição descrita no cartucho do produto analisado difere quanto às substâncias Hidróxido de sódio, Queratina e Resorcinol, declaradas no ato do registro aprovado por esta gerência. Essay And Requirements For Bearded. Da mesma forma no cartucho explora a substância Queratina e a mesma não consta nos dados técnicos no produto aprovado por esta gerência.

A rotulagem encontra-se totalmente em desacordo com o aprovado nesta Anvisa/GGCOS e a empresa será chamada a apresentar esclarecimentos. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente daquela apresentada no ato do registro. Catell 16 Pf. Declara ainda no cartucho do produto analisado o claim Proteção UV, porém, nenhuma substância com esta função foi detectada. As informações encontradas no cartucho encontram-se com algumas divergências do texto aprovado por esta gerência, porém mais completas e favoráveis ao consumidor. Kubla Khan Samuel. Portanto, consideramos a rotulagem de acordo com a legislação e a empresa será chamada a apresentar à Anvisa/GGCOS as alterações efetuadas. No cartucho e bisnaga há divergência nos nomes apresentados quando comparado ao nome do produto registrado. Resultado: Das 15 marcas analisadas, 09 (60%) tiveram amostras consideradas Não Conformes neste ensaio. Catell 16 Pf. São elas: marca A, marca C, marca D, marca F, marca H, marca K marca L, marca M e marca O. A tabela apresentada a seguir descreve os resultados obtidos na análise em tinturas capilares: Tabela 5 – Resultado Geral da análise em Tinturas capilares.

Determinação do teor de metais pesados. Avaliação de Rotulagem e Registro. Observa-se que, das 15 marcas analisadas, 09 (60%) tiveram amostras consideradas Não conformes em, pelo menos, um dos critérios estabelecidos pela legislação vigente. Os cosméticos são produtos largamente utilizados pela população, uma vez que se relacionam diretamente com a busca constante da beleza e também no intuito de encobrir as marcas de acidentes e do envelhecimento natural. And Requirements Dragons. Como são normalmente aplicados sobre a pele, cabelos e unhas, apresentam risco de produzir efeitos indesejáveis ao usuário. Catell 16 Pf. Por este motivo, são produtos submetidos ao controle da Vigilância Sanitária e devem ser adquiridos, armazenados e utilizados com alguns cuidados. a) Cuidados na compra: - só adquira produtos cuja embalagem esteja intacta e limpa; - os cosméticos são divididos em duas categorias, dependendo do risco que o produto pode impor à saúde. Weber Status. Os de maior potencial de risco são considerados de GRAU DE RISCO II como, por exemplo, alisantes, tinturas e ondulantes que necessitam registro junto ao Mistério da Saúde. Catell 16 Pf. Já os de menor potencial de risco, GRAU DE RISCO I, como os batons, cremes hidratantes, pós faciais e xampus, são produtos que devem ser notificados à Anvisa; - a embalagem dos cosméticos deve conter, dentre outras informações: nome de Marca; componentes presentes; finalidade, cuidados especiais, precauções e instruções de uso; número de registro dos cosméticos de grau de risco II, junto ao Ministério da Saúde; nome do responsável técnico e respectivo número de registro junto ao Conselho Regional de Farmácia (CRF) ou de Química (CRQ). b) Cuidados para armazenar: - mantenha os cosméticos sempre protegidos da luz, umidade e calor; - mantenha os cosméticos fora do alcance das crianças, qualquer descuido pode ter conseqüências imprevisíveis; - nunca armazene os cosméticos junto a alimentos, bebidas, medicamentos e saneantes. c) Cuidados no uso: - não utilize cosméticos com prazo de validade vencido.

Podem não fazer efeito desejado ou prejudicar sua saúde; - siga sempre as instruções contidas no rótulo e observe as frases de precauções, como por exemplo: Cuidado com a área dos olhos, Mantenha fora do alcance das crianças, etc.; - faça a prova de toque segundo as instruções de uso, você pode ser alérgico ao produto; - cuidado com tinturas capilares e clareadores. About Costs And Requirements. A aplicação direta em sobrancelhas ou cílios pode causar irritação nos olhos e cegueira. Catell. Não se recomenda o uso deste produto em gestantes; - caso haja contato de produtos com os olhos, lave imediatamente com água corrente e, assim como no caso de ingestão, procure socorro médico; - não utilize alisantes, tinturas e ondulantes caso tenha feridas no couro cabeludo; - não faça aplicações consecutivas de tinturas, alisantes e ondulantes em curto espaço de tempo pois, isso danifica e provoca queda de cabelo; - quando sentir qualquer alteração durante a utilização do produto, interrompa o seu uso e lave imediatamente com água corrente o local de aplicação. Status Party. Sentindo-se mal ou com irritação persistente, procure socorro médico; - não deixe produtos como tintura, alisantes, ondulantes, clareadores, depilatórios e outros sobre a pele e couro cabeludo por tempo superior ao indicado nas instruções; - cuidado com o uso de cosméticos em crianças. 16 Pf. Utilize somente as linhas infantis, destinadas exclusivamente a elas. Após a conclusão dos ensaios, os fabricantes que tiveram amostras de seus produtos analisadas receberam cópias dos laudos de seus respectivos produtos, enviadas pelo Inmetro, tendo sido dado um prazo de 05 dias para que se manifestassem a respeito dos resultados obtidos. Em relação ao Laudo de Análise 37.07.00/2005 referente ao produto da marca M, passamos a esclarecer: Inmetro: É de fundamental importância e de interesse dos consumidores a intenção da empresa, de acordo com seu posicionamento, em proceder com as adequações informadas, o que contribui com um dos objetivos do Programa de Análise de Produtos, que é justamente fornecer subsídios para que a indústria nacional melhore continuamente a qualidade de seus produtos e serviços. De acordo com o disposto no Ofício acima referido, ´Não foi feita avaliação da rotulagem considerando que o registro encontra-se vencido desde 20 de janeiro de 2005, o que significa que o produto nem poderia estar sendo comercializado, já que não foi solicitada sua revalidação.´ Fabricante: K (Produto: K) Em relação à inexistência da utilização do temo CUIDADO na frase de advertência do folheto explicativo do produto em avaliação, informamos que o folheto encontra-se de acordo com o processo aceito pela ANVISA.

Porém, para adequar o produto comercializado pela empresa em questão à legislação vigente, ele foi registrado novamente, com os dizeres de rotulagem em acordo com a legislação vigente. Inmetro: Com relação à frase CUIDADO. Essay Of Caring For Bearded. Contém substâncias passíveis de causar irritação na pele de determinadas pessoas. Catell. Antes de usar, faça a prova de toque, a mesma encontra-se definida na Resolução 79/2000. Essay About And Requirements Of Caring Dragons. Corroborando com o disposto na Resolução 79/2000, cabe ainda ressaltar o disposto no art.

6º incisos II e III, do Código de Defesa do Consumidor, que dispõe que são direitos básicos do consumidor a educação e divulgação sobre o consumo adequado dos produtos e serviços, asseguradas a liberdade de escolha e a igualdade nas contratações e a informação adequada e clara sobre os diferentes produtos e serviços, com especificação correta de quantidade, características, composição, qualidade e preço, bem como os riscos que apresentem. Estamos enviando o rótulo aprovado junto à Anvisa, assim como a publicação de deferimento, ambos referentes ao produto da marca D nuance 9.0. Também segue a matéria e o link, que afirma que a queratina é uma fonte de proteção capilar contra os raios UVs. 16 Pf. Lembramos que a queratina é uma das substâncias do produto da marca D 9.0. Inmetro: As considerações do fabricante foram submetidas à apreciação da Gerência Geral de Cosméticos da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - Anvisa, que emitiu o seguinte parecer: Relatório do INCQS: O produto é exclusivo para uso profissional e a informação suprimida não agrega nenhum diferencial quanto ao modo de uso e sua finalidade. Inmetro: A análise do rótulo é definida tanto na legislação de produtos cosméticos quanto na legislação sanitária (Decreto nº79.094/77), em seu art. Essay About Of Caring Dragons. 94, parágrafo 1º, item VIII que define como obrigatórias as informações relativas ao responsável técnico, número de inscrição e sigla da respectiva autarquia. (. Catell 16 Pf. ) Especificamente quanto ao laudo de análise em epígrafe urge ressaltar antes de qualquer coisa que o produto da marca A, POSSUI REGISTRO VÁLIDO JUNTO A ANVISA/MS, DEVIDAMENTE INSCRITO SOB O Nº 2.1248.0109/019-3, VALIDADE DO REGISTRO 10/2007, PUBLICAÇÃO NO DIÁRIO OFICIAL DA UNIÃO NO DIA 25/10/2002 - SEÇÃO 1 - FLS 58, consoante se comprova pela documentação anexa, razão pela qual sua fabricação, distribuição e comercialização atendem as disposições legais vigentes. (. Of Darkness Things Fall Apart Essay. ) Diante dos argumentados acima esposados, bem como da documentação encartada, temos que se impõe a realização de EXAME DE CONTRAPROVA, no que couber, sendo o que desde já se requer, a fim de que o DIREITO DE DEFESA da Empresa Requerente seja exercido em sua plenitude, sendo imprescindível para a confirmação do resultado em razão da divergência da referência do ensaio pH solução a 1% e ainda para que se possa verificar de onde partiu o suposto equívoco que deu ensejo à alteração da média (referência), já que a média de pH aprovada pela ANVISA tem seu teto em 10,5 sendo certo que mesmo assim não se proporcionou qualquer risco ao consumidor, já que o resultado se enquadra nos padrões permitidos pela legislação sanitária.

(. Catell 16 Pf. ) Não obstante ter sido demonstrado acima que o produto analisado possui registro válido junto a Anvisa/MS e que se encontra dentro dos padrões exigidos pela legislação sanitária vigente quanto ao pH e a rotulagem, cabe informar a Vossa Senhoria que já foi instalado o competente procedimento de investigação das causas de possível desvio de qualidade, quando se tem notícia ou indícios de quaisquer irregularidades, especialmente na linha de produção. Inmetro: O resultado para a amostra da marca A indica não conformidade ao Código de Proteção e Defesa do Consumidor, em virtude do valor encontrado para o pH, no ensaio laboratorial, não corresponder ao valor informado no rótulo do produto. Weber Class Status. Além disso, a Anvisa considerou, na avaliação de rotulagem, que o produto sofreu alterações na fórmula e dizeres de rotulagem que não foram oficialmente registradas, estando, portanto, em desacordo com a legislação vigente. Em resposta aos laudos emitidos pelo INCQS e pelo CEPAD, a empresa vem esclarecer as não conformidades citadas. Inmetro: Com relação à necessidade de inclusão de data de fabricação no rótulo do produto, cabe destacar que, de acordo com o Decreto 79.094/77, de 05/01/77, da Presidência da República (Regulamenta a Lei 6.360/76, de 23 de setembro de 1976, que submete a sistema de vigilância sanitária os medicamentos, insumos farmacêuticos, drogas, correlatos, cosméticos, produtos de higiene, saneantes e outros), esta informação por parte do fabricante tem caráter obrigatório e não facultativo, diversamente do estipulado nas Resoluções nº79/00 e 211/05 da Anvisa. Paralelamente, cabe destacar que a legislação sanitária brasileira, na Resolução n.º 79/2000 anexo III, item 2, estabelece os limites seguros de metais pesados somente para substâncias corantes de produção artificial. 16 Pf. Sendo assim, os produtos do tipo Henna registrados na Anvisa e disponíveis no mercado deverão atender esta condição e, portanto, a empresa não pode fazer a afirmação de que seu produto é o único que não contém metais pesados em sua composição. Quanto à descrição de ingredientes da composição do produto, a Não Conformidade foi verificada uma vez que a legislação sanitária, em seu anexo VII , item B, sub-item 11 da resolução n.º 79/2000 estabelece : Descrição qualitativa dos componentes da fórmula através de sua designação genérica , utilizando nomenclatura internacional em vernáculo . Os demais fabricantes não enviaram posicionamento.

Os resultados obtidos nessa análise revelaram uma tendência de não conformidade nas Tinturas Capilares disponíveis no mercado nacional. Driving: Of The Technological Age Essay. Apesar de não terem sido detectadas não conformidades nos ensaios microbiológicos e de metais pesados, apenas as amostras de 06, das 15 marcas analisadas, atenderam a todos os critérios da legislação vigente. Divulgação no Programa Fantástico da Rede Globo de Televisão. PABX: (21) 2563-2800. Rua Santa Alexandrina, 416.

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commentary and catell 16 pf, essay In late February I received an e-mail message from weber, a reader named Kim Forbes. Catell! Her six-year-old son Ben had asked her a math question she couldn’t answer, and kubla khan coleridge, she was hoping I could help: Today is the catell 16 pf 100th day of school. Driving: Technological Age Essay Example! He was very excited and 16 pf, told me everything he knows about the number 100, including that 100 was an even number. Conrad's Of Darkness And Achebe's Things Fall Apart! He then told me that 101 was an odd number and 1 million was an catell 16 pf even number, etc. He then paused and asked: “Is infinity even or odd?” I explained that infinity is in the States Essay, neither even nor odd. It’s not a number in the usual sense, and catell 16 pf, it doesn’t obey the rules of arithmetic. Kubla Khan Coleridge! All sorts of contradictions would follow if it did. For instance, “if infinity were odd, 2 times infinity would be even.

But both are infinity! So the whole idea of odd and catell, even does not make sense for infinity.” Thank you. Ben was satisfied with that answer and kind of likes the idea that infinity is big enough to be both odd and even. Although something got garbled in taylor coleridge, translation (infinity is neither odd nor even, not both ), Ben’s rendering hints at a larger truth.

Infinity can be mind-boggling. My wife and I have different sleeping styles — and our mattress shows it. She hoards the pillows, thrashes around all night long, and barely dents the catell 16 pf mattress, while I lie on my back, mummy-like, molding a cavernous depression into my side of the bed. Bed manufacturers recommend flipping your mattress periodically, probably with people like me in mind. But what’s the best system?

How exactly are you supposed to flip it to get the most even wear out of Distracted Driving: The Danger of the Technological it? Brian Hayes explores this problem in the title essay of catell his recent book, “Group Theory in naza, the Bedroom.” Double entendres aside, the “group” in question here is a collection of mathematical actions — all the possible ways you could flip, rotate or overturn the mattress so that it still fits neatly on the bed frame. By looking into mattress math in some detail, I hope to give you a feeling for group theory more generally. It’s one of the most versatile parts of mathematics. It underlies everything from the choreography of contra dancing and the fundamental laws of catell particle physics, to the mosaics of the Alhambra and their chaotic counterparts like this image. As these examples suggest, group theory bridges the Driving: The Danger of the Technological Age Essay example arts and catell, sciences. It addresses something the two cultures share — an weber abiding fascination with symmetry. 16 Pf! Yet because it encompasses such a wide range of phenomena, group theory is necessarily abstract. It distills symmetry to kubla khan samuel coleridge, its essence. Have you ever had that anxiety dream where you suddenly realize you have to take the catell final exam in some course you’ve never attended? For professors, it works the other way around — you dream you’re giving a lecture for Driving: The Danger Technological example a class you know nothing about.

Miles | Dreamstime.com Rolling the dice: Teaching probability can be thrilling. That’s what it’s like for catell me whenever I teach probability theory. It was never part of weber class my own education, so having to catell, lecture about it now is Heart of Darkness Things Apart Essay, scary and fun, in an amusement park, thrill-house sort of way. Perhaps the most pulse-quickening topic of all is catell 16 pf, “conditional probability” — the probability that some event A happens, given (or “conditional” upon) the occurrence of some other event B. It’s a slippery concept, easily conflated with the probability of naza B given A. They’re not the same, but you have to concentrate to see why. For example, consider the following word problem. Before going on vacation for a week, you ask your spacey friend to water your ailing plant.

Without water, the plant has a 90 percent chance of dying. Even with proper watering, it has a 20 percent chance of catell 16 pf dying. Essay About Costs For Bearded! And the probability that your friend will forget to water it is catell 16 pf, 30 percent. Types And Benefit In The United Essay! (a) What’s the chance that your plant will survive the week? (b) If it’s dead when you return, what’s the chance that your friend forgot to water it? (c) If your friend forgot to water it, what’s the chance it’ll be dead when you return? Mathematical signs and symbols are often cryptic, but the best of them offer visual clues to their own meaning. The symbols for zero, one and infinity aptly resemble an empty hole, a single mark and an endless loop: 0, 1, ?. And the equals sign, =, is formed by two parallel lines because, in the words of its originator, Welsh mathematician Robert Recorde in 1557, “no two things can be more equal.” In calculus the most recognizable icon is the integral sign: Its graceful lines are evocative of a musical clef or a violin’s f-hole — a fitting coincidence, given that some of the most enchanting harmonies in mathematics are expressed by 16 pf integrals.

But the real reason that Leibniz chose this symbol is about and Requirements of Caring Dragons, much less poetic. It’s simply a long-necked S, for “summation.” Long before I knew what calculus was, I sensed there was something special about it. My dad had spoken about it in catell, reverential tones. He hadn’t been able to go to college, being a child of the Heart of Darkness and Achebe's Things Fall Essay Depression, but somewhere along the line, maybe during his time in the South Pacific repairing B-24 bomber engines, he’d gotten a feel for what calculus could do. Imagine a mechanically controlled bank of anti-aircraft guns automatically firing at an incoming fighter plane. Calculus, he supposed, could be used to tell the guns where to aim. Every year about catell, a million American students take calculus.

But far fewer really understand what the for Bearded subject is about or could tell you why they were learning it. It’s not their fault. There are so many techniques to master and so many new ideas to absorb that the overall framework is easy to catell 16 pf, miss. Calculus is the Pension Types Plans in the States mathematics of change. It describes everything from the spread of epidemics to the zigs and zags of a well-thrown curveball. 16 Pf! The subject is Conrad's Heart of Darkness Apart Essay, gargantuan — and 16 pf, so are its textbooks. Many exceed 1,000 pages and work nicely as doorstops. But within that bulk you’ll find two ideas shining through. All the rest, as Rabbi Hillel said of the Golden Rule, is just commentary. Those two ideas are the Conrad's Things Essay “derivative” and catell 16 pf, the “integral.” Each dominates its own half of the subject, named in their honor as differential and integral calculus. In middle school my friends and I enjoyed chewing on the classic conundrums.

What happens when an irresistible force meets an immovable object? Easy — they both explode. Philosophy’s trivial when you’re 13. But one puzzle bothered us: if you keep moving halfway to the wall, will you ever get there? Something about this one was deeply frustrating, the thought of getting closer and closer and yet never quite making it. (There’s probably a metaphor for teenage angst in there somewhere.) Another concern was the naza organization thinly veiled presence of infinity. To reach the catell wall you’d need to take an infinite number of steps, and by the end they’d become infinitesimally small.

Whoa. Questions like this have always caused headaches. Around 500 B.C., Zeno of Elea posed a set of paradoxes about infinity that puzzled generations of philosophers, and that may have been partly to blame for its banishment from mathematics for centuries to come. In Euclidean geometry, for example, the only constructions allowed were those that involved a finite number of steps. The infinite was considered too ineffable, too unfathomable, and too hard to make logically rigorous. But Archimedes, the greatest mathematician of antiquity, realized the power of the infinite. He harnessed it to solve problems that were otherwise intractable, and in the process came close to inventing calculus — nearly 2,000 years before Newton and Leibniz. In the coming weeks we’ll delve into the great ideas at the heart of calculus. But for now I’d like to begin with the first beautiful hints of them, visible in Distracted The Danger, ancient calculations about circles and pi. If you were an avid television watcher in the 1980s, you may remember a clever show called “Moonlighting.” Known for its snappy dialogue and catell, the romantic chemistry between its co-stars, it featured Cybill Shepherd and Bruce Willis as a couple of kubla samuel taylor coleridge wisecracking private detectives named Maddie Hayes and David Addison. While investigating one particularly tough case, David asks a coroner’s assistant for his best guess about possible suspects. “Beats me,” says the catell 16 pf assistant. “But you know what I don’t understand?” To which David replies, “Logarithms?” Then, reacting to Maddie’s look: “What?

You understood those?” David, Bruce Willis's character from Moonlighting, on logarithms. By None None on Publish Date March 26, 2010. That pretty well sums up how many people feel about weber, logarithms. Their peculiar name is just part of catell 16 pf their image problem. About Of Caring Dragons! Most folks never use them again after high school, at least not consciously, and 16 pf, are oblivious to the logarithms hiding behind the Conrad's Heart and Achebe's Things Apart scenes of catell 16 pf their daily lives. The same is true of many of the other functions discussed in algebra II and pre-calculus.

Power functions, exponential functions — what was the kubla khan samuel taylor coleridge point of all that? My goal in this week’s column is to help you appreciate the function of all those functions, even if you never have occasion to press their buttons on your calculator. The most familiar ideas of geometry were inspired by catell an ancient vision — a vision of the world as flat. From parallel lines that never meet, to the Pythagorean theorem discussed in last week’s column, these are eternal truths about an imaginary place, the two-dimensional landscape of plane geometry. Conceived in India, China, Egypt and Babylonia more than 2,500 years ago, and codified and refined by Euclid and the Greeks, this flat-earth geometry is the main one (and often the only one) being taught in high schools today.

But things have changed in the past few millennia. In an era of status globalization, Google Earth and transcontinental air travel, all of catell us should try to Pension and Benefit in the, learn a little about catell 16 pf, spherical geometry and its modern generalization, differential geometry. The basic ideas here are only Distracted Driving: of the, about 200 years old. Pioneered by Carl Friedrich Gauss and Bernhard Riemann, differential geometry underpins such imposing intellectual edifices as Einstein’s general theory of relativity. At its heart, however, are beautiful concepts that can be grasped by anyone who’s ever ridden a bicycle, looked at a globe or stretched a rubber band. And understanding them will help you make sense of a few curiosities you may have noticed in your travels. I bet I can guess your favorite math subject in high school. It was geometry. So many people I’ve met over 16 pf the years have expressed affection for that subject. Arithmetic and algebra — not many takers there. But geometry, well, there’s something about Essay about of Caring Dragons, it that brings a twinkle to the eye.

Is it because geometry draws on the right side of the catell brain, and that appeals to visual thinkers who might otherwise cringe at its cold logic? Maybe. Pension Types United Essay! But other people tell me they loved geometry precisely because it was so logical. The step-by-step reasoning, with each new theorem resting firmly on those already established — that’s the source of satisfaction for catell many. Khan Samuel Taylor! Read more… For more than 2,500 years, mathematicians have been obsessed with solving for x . The story of their struggle to find the “roots” — the 16 pf solutions — of Essay about and Requirements of Caring increasingly complicated equations is one of the great epics in the history of human thought.

And yet, through it all, there’s been an irritant, a nagging little thing that won’t go away: the solutions often involve square roots of negative numbers. Such solutions were long derided as “sophistic” or “fictitious” because they seemed nonsensical on 16 pf, their face. From Fish to Infinity (Jan. 31, 2010) Rock Groups (Feb. 7, 2010) The Enemy of My Enemy (Feb. 14, 2010) Division and Its Discontents (Feb. 21, 2010) The Joy of X (Feb.

28, 2010) Until the Types and Benefit Plans United States 1700s or so, mathematicians believed that square roots of negative numbers simply couldn’t exist. They couldn’t be positive numbers, after all, since a positive times a positive is always positive, and we’re looking for numbers whose square is negative. Nor could negative numbers work, since a negative times a negative is, again, positive . There seemed to be no hope of finding numbers which, when multiplied by themselves, would give negative answers. Steven Strogatz is the Schurman Professor of applied mathematics at catell, Cornell University. Costs And Requirements Of Caring For Bearded! Among his honors are MIT’s highest teaching prize, membership in 16 pf, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a lifetime achievement award for communication of math to the general public, awarded by the four major American mathematical societies.

A frequent guest on National Public Radio’s “Radiolab,” he is the khan samuel author, most recently, of catell 16 pf “The Joy of x,” which grew out of his previous Opinionator series “The Elements of Math.” He lives with his wife and two daughters in Ithaca, N.Y. Follow him on Twitter @stevenstrogatz. Guiding a First Generation to College. Students who are new to America or lack college-educated parents often don’t know their options. Read more… How Dwindling Fish Stocks Got a Reprieve.

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