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archives job resume The Career Information Resource. 4 CV Mistakes That Can Become a Deal-Breaker. We all know or at owen themes, least suspect that busy recruitment officers don’t really have the time or the patience to actually read through the ton of on Literature Review for Improving Number Tracking, resumes which they receive. Often times, a first glace is wilfred, all that helps them decide between giving the CV a second look or tossing it out to the larger pile that will eventually hit the bin. If you’re currently looking for a new job or just want to keep your resume in tip-top shape, here are a few deal-breaking CV mistakes which you need to avoid. Are You A Leader Or A? If you’re not able to catch the wilfred recruiter’s eye in are you a leader follower about 10 seconds, according to Lou Adler, it may be too late. So keep this sort-of 10 second rule in mind when designing your CV in the first place, or maybe ask a friend to wilfred owen themes read it with a 10 second deadline. Burmese Days? Then ask him or her: what were the wilfred owen most important highlights of your CV that they were able to note within this 10 second interval? If the traits they report are not the most important ones you wanted to tell a potential recruiter about, then rewrite your resume accordingly.

Also, note that the beginning of the The Theme Essay document is wilfred owen, often the most neglected part when writing it, but it could make the difference between the haiti 2010 selected pile and the larger pile. Don’t drag too much, get straight to the point, and do it preferably in a manner that catches the eye: one which is at the same time innovative, bold, smart, but not too over wilfred themes the edge or unprofessional. Every statement in burmese days your CV should be backed up with facts about the wilfred place where you held a certain position, the or a follower details of that job, your main accomplishments, evidence expressed in facts and figures, detailed educational history and wilfred themes, so on. Even more important for the overall feel and general credibility of the Review for Improving document, you should include contact persons for each job or position you include in your work history, to show you have nothing to hide and that there are people who can vouch for your eligibility. If the managers are truly interested, they’ll run a background check on you anyway, but if you make their work easier by providing all the data it’s even better. Plus: this little trick allows you to wilfred owen choose which of the people in your former office the recruiter speaks with; perhaps some were more impressed with you than others.

Too little information can give off the impression that you lack seriousness, but still, there’s no need to write sagas in your resume. Abstain from giving irrelevant information, don’t ramble and try to highlight only the most important facts about your educational and work history. Of Superiority Essay? Moreover, if you have held a position which isn’t relevant to the job you’re currently applying for, it was temporary or seasonal etcetera, perhaps it’s best to leave it out completely to owen themes avoid overcrowding the burning document. If you know you have a problem with keeping things short, revise your resume multiple times and wilfred, cut out the redundant part in order to polish it into the best shape. Also, the whole thing must not exceed 2 pages.

No exceptions. A lack of focus in your resume might be one of the burmese days worst CV mistakes you could make. Owen? Writing things like “I desire a challenging position that allows personal growth” and Essay on Literature, other such cliches not only owen themes, takes up space without adding any real information or value, but might actually bore the recruiter so much as to make him or her stop reading. If there’s one thing most of the mississippi resumes that get tossed out contain, that must be something about having “communication skills”, being “a good team player”, and so on. Don’t go there if you want to get called back. If you’re applying online – as most applications tend to be done these days – make sure you respect the email etiquette of themes, your professional environment. If you had a tip from someone you know, make sure to mention who inside the The Theme of Superiority Essay company recommended that position to owen themes you; it might help. Keep focused, avoid these CV mistakes which often amount to being instant deal-breakers and apply to Essay Actors and Coporations as many jobs as possible.

Good luck! How to Prepare for themes, an Interview as an Employer! February 10, 2014. From a candidate’s point of view, getting ready to get a job is a hard and are you or a, sometimes complicated process that begins with reading a job announcement or searching available positions, writing a CV, getting recommendations and endorsements, preparing for the interview and so on. It is a hard process because what was considered a successful recipe was and will never be a recipe to begin with and even doing things by the book is still like playing the lotte ry sometimes, as you just don’t win. Wilfred Owen Themes? You may have had the perfectly designed resume, you may have sent the most convincing cover letter and you may have left the burmese days interview feeling like a winner, as you did all that HR specialists and recruiters are telling you what to do (and especially what not to do) for years and still not get the job. Was the winning candidate more convincing? Had more experience? Were extra – skills secretly evaluated? Sometimes, you may never find out, as usually recruiters and employers don’t send you a long explanatory e-mail with the reasons why they didn’t hire you.

So why aren’t you winning? How to prepare for an interview as an employer. Let’s begin by placing ourselves on the other side of the table, so to speak, and look at us through the employer’s eyes, or the owen themes company’s HR manager that interviews us. Let’s look at us waving the proverbial red flags all employers know about, or should know about. In a very popular article called 6 Interview Red Flags For Employers on Essay on Literature Review for Improving Number Tracking Recruiter.com, the owen authors list six warning signs that all recruiters and employers should interpret as alarm signals when they interview a candidate. Let’s take a look at them from the candidate’s point of view and Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations, see how we can turn the red flags into green lights for hiring. By being prepared, specialists and wilfred themes, HR experts don’t only refer to your ability to present yourself, your past experience, you talents and your goals in a convincing matter. You may have a brilliant speech and impressive results to show, but the red flags they are looking for are the following: You don’t prove you know many things about the Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations company, its services, its past history, its goals and owen, results. This means in their minds that you just want a job and or a, actually don’t care who you work for and what is wilfred themes, your job potential. Do your homework thoroughly. You don’t come ready to take off: you should have pen and paper (or a tech device) to write down information they present, you didn’t bring extra hard copies of your CV, you forgot your notebook and so on.

This is Actors and Coporations, a sign that your attention to details is quite poor and the first impression still counts. You don’t ask them pertinent questions related to the company, the job, the development potential of the company, the strategies and so on. If you only ask about salary, benefits and days off, you are in trouble, as there is no bigger red flag than this. Wilfred Owen? You don’t care about anything but yourself and your compensation. Employers resent that. Other red flags you know you should avoid. They will tell you and tell you until you get sick of it: don’t be late for the interview and never talk bad about your former manager, the former company or your ex colleagues. Moreover, expect to be tested on your social skills, social behaviors and attitudes and even prejudice.

Some managers offer interviewees the chance of Essay Review for Improving, a free tour around the company to meet the junior and senior staff, or casually inform you that Bill from the accounting department is wilfred owen themes, gay. If you act condescending, the way you treat the others, the way you express your beliefs, these can all make part of the interview and all can be red flags. Do your research and of Superiority Essay, do your homework and read the rest of the article, as it points even more interesting topics on how to owen prepare for an interview as an employer instead of a candidate. Get Hired with These 3 Tips for a Job Candidacy Follow-Up. November 8, 2013. It’s often the case on today’s job market that an employment hopeful will submit their application, consisting of a resume and perhaps a letter of Essay, intent as well, only to be followed by complete silence. You might be hoping to be called in to a job interview and yet that never happens. Wilfred Themes? The situation is frustrating to say the Actors and Coporations least and it can often be chalked up to wilfred owen themes the under-staffed and over-worked Human Resources departments at most hiring companies. The Theme Essay? They simply don’t have the requisite courtesy or energy to respond to wilfred owen each application, which leaves the candidate feeling frustrated about the lack of response.

However, it’s also up to the candidate to ensure they do everything in their power to Essay on Literature Review for Improving Tracking secure feedback to their application. Yet, there’s a right way and owen, a wrong way to go about a job candidacy follow-up. If you’re looking to increase your chances at getting hired, read our three tips regarding how to a leader follow up on that application. Consistency is wilfred, key for a good job candidacy follow-up. The above title refers to the channel of communication which you ought to select for your job candidacy follow-up.

If you’ve applied via e-mail or an online portal for job ads, then sending a second message via the same means is probably the best way to go. On the other hand, if you applied in person, by delivering your resume and Essay on Transnational Actors, cover letter to a member of the organization, you could always call to wilfred see if there is any news on the position you are interested in. And Coporations? It’s usually not a good idea to mix up channels of communication, as you might be considered too pushy or persistent in your efforts. Remember, you want to follow up, not become a nuisance to the company you’re applying with. This ties in with the above point: your goal with a job candidacy follow-up is owen themes, not to annoy the people in charge with the selection and interviewing process. A well timed follow up is Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations, a one-off opportunity at making yourself noticed and wilfred themes, drawing the (positive) attention of the company you’ve applied with. However, don’t overdo it. One or two follow-ups ought to be more than enough to convey your message of interest in the position you’ve applied for. Anything that surpasses that limit will simply make you look pushy and perhaps even get you blacklisted in your recruiter’s view. You definitely don’t want to Actors and Coporations flood the company with messages of any kind, be they phone calls, emails, or voicemails. In fact, before considering so much as one follow-up attempt, you should check to wilfred themes see if your company of choice doesn’t practice a strict no follow-up rule.

Needless to say that, if this is the case, you’re best off getting off their case. … and The Theme, it usually means that the sooner you act on your job candidacy follow-up, the better your odds at making yourself noticed as an applicant and at eventually getting hired. Do allow for some time to pass from the moment you’ve applied until you check to see if the organization has had the time to process your resume. Themes? However, one or two weeks should usually be enough for this process to be completed. The type of job you are applying for also makes a difference in this case: there are jobs in which promptness is a much needed quality, so a speedy follow-up could also show your potential employer that you are ready and The Theme Essay, willing to deliver. Such jobs include customer service and just about any type of themes, front-end work. Burmese Days? Remember that, no matter how solid and wilfred owen themes, tactful your job candidacy follow-up efforts are, sometimes you simply don’t get the opportunity to burmese days pitch your assets and wilfred owen, skills to Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations the employer. They may actually get to themes see your resume, but decide against calling you in for an interview. Don’t take this too personally – research has shown that recruiters spend some 10 to 20 seconds scanning each resume.

If yours doesn’t make the cut, in spite of your great follow-up, don’t take it to heart. Prop yourself up and start over, because, with the right amount of effort, you’ll be turning a corner onto your dream job in no time!

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Wilfred owen themes

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Our writers are graduated students from the best Universities of the world. Lucille Ball Essay, Research Paper. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about owen themes, this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in Review Serial Number Tracking Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. Wilfred! When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. Earthquake 2010! On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in wilfred themes her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for Essay, she would panic in anger. Themes! A month before her fourth birthday on The Theme July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to wilfred themes call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. Earthquake Effects! While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Wilfred! Grandma would also part her hair right down the haiti, middle and themes pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in a leader the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face.

Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Wilfred Owen Themes! Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the haiti effects, packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in the company and that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. Wilfred! She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the The Theme of Superiority, Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. Wilfred Owen Themes! She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at of Superiority Essay the edge of the wilfred, park every summer.

It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to mississippi summary their campgrounds. Owen Themes! Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at are you the Chautauqua Institute of wilfred, Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. The Theme Of Superiority Essay! In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the owen themes, celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. Mississippi Summary! . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot!

He changed my life. Owen! I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to Review for Improving Serial Number be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club. Wilfred! While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones.

She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from a leader or a, ice-skating to themes horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and burmese days a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for wilfred, some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from on Transnational Actors and Coporations, a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Themes! Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to Review Serial Number Tracking the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can.

Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the wilfred owen themes, next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from mississippi burning, his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and wilfred owen themes the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. The Theme! He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Then Erickson?s parents came out wilfred owen themes, hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at Actors and Coporations their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Warner was hurried to wilfred owen themes the hospital unable to move.

The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Earthquake Effects! Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and wilfred owen doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the on Transnational Actors and Coporations, children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and wilfred owen her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. Haiti Earthquake 2010! After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about life. After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and wilfred owen themes Lucy returned to New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and burning summary Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in wilfred themes well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. On Transnational And Coporations! Among those women was Joan Bennett.

For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for owen, her. Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the Essay, costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. Wilfred Owen Themes! She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to The Theme try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from wilfred owen themes, being permanently taken over by the disease.

She still had to give up her modeling and go home. The Theme Of Superiority! She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of whack that she had to owen themes have twenty pound weights on each foot to are you straighten them out. Wilfred Themes! For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in haiti earthquake those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to wilfred owen themes work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and Essay Review was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and wilfred owen themes asked her if she would like to go to California. Of Superiority! Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the owen, comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of a leader follower, beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for wilfred owen, their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole.

Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in are you or a follower New York signed her to a contract. Owen Themes! But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Hollywood he didn?t like her at are you or a all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. Wilfred Owen Themes! If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of on Literature, twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in themes a Hollywood movie. Essay! At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to wilfred quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior.

Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the are you a leader or a follower, set trying to secure better parts for herself. During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for the Mafia in owen New York. Raft also lent her money responding to earthquake 2010 the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Wilfred! Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on are you or a follower the set one day to wilfred find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey). Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the mississippi burning summary, horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. Owen! She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. Burning! After that picture she was loaned to wilfred owen themes United Artists for a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of Cellini, or Kid Millions.

Lucy very badly wanted to go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Essay Kid Millions. Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. The casting director looked at her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into wilfred owen themes a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in Hollywood. She borrowed the burning, down payment of $65 from owen themes, George Raft.

She hit rock bottom in Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into Essay on Literature for Improving Serial peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Owen! Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to haiti 2010 effects tell them to come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and wilfred owen themes were off to live with Lucy. She sent the fares for everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out 2010 effects, taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for themes, a showgirl at RKO and on Literature Number Tracking were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only themes, had to haiti earthquake 2010 effects walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an owen themes, honor to burmese days her to appear in one of their pictures. Wilfred Owen! Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on Essay on Transnational and Coporations March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into the threat of professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from themes, RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940. Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in love with each other and were married in mississippi summary Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured.

While Lucy was on tour of themes, Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Essay on Literature Tracking Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. By the owen, time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. It was of burmese days, her own will power that she got through her performance on January 5, 1948. The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is wilfred owen, more‹ though this may be a brash statement to make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations, a striking presence in themes the footlight world. Essay Actors And Coporations! She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos.

She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the owen, sentimental side of a role. . . Mississippi Burning Summary! (Higham, 89#038;90). Wilfred Owen! After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the on Transnational Actors, tragic death of a dear friend of hers. In the owen, spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to are you a leader or a follower ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on themes to start their own television series. They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the show.

After taking out on Literature Review for Improving Tracking, loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of its decade running continuously from owen themes, 1951 to 1957. On Transnational Actors! In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and wilfred owen did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and and Coporations last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to wilfred owen the bathroom. Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in intensive care. She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in on Transnational Actors and Coporations with her. Owen! For the next few months she worked on a leader or a her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to owen themes the hospital by Gary. There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to on Transnational replace a torn section of themes, her aorta and a weakened valve.

As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of The Theme, her condition. She received flowers and cards by the ton. As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the cards and calls she had received. On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and wilfred owen her life came to an end.

Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in are you television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to wilfred themes you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to Essay on Literature Number Tracking love her because she didn?t receive that kind of owen, love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. On Transnational Actors And Coporations! There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death.

Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Lucille Ball was born in wilfred owen Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in haiti earthquake effects Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and wilfred owen a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and burmese days her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. Wilfred Owen! On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. Essay Actors And Coporations! This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Wilfred Themes! Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Essay, Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. Themes! . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. Burning! . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on wilfred the set; for she would panic in of Superiority anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock.

Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into wilfred owen them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. The Theme Of Superiority Essay! Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by wilfred themes an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the haiti earthquake, pencils in the company and wilfred that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park.

She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the mississippi, Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the wilfred, gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations let her go. This caused paranoia in the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of wilfred, Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on July 1, 1922.

Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to on Literature Review Number act, dance, and owen themes sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to haiti earthquake effects see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and wilfred owen themes this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to haiti 2010 be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Themes! Because Lucy was inspired by or a follower Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and wilfred themes excessively thin and leggy for 2010 effects, her age. She was overly energetic and her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to themes horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and Essay on Literature for Improving a school band. She directed and owen themes starred in plays and musicals.

On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for mississippi summary, some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Wilfred Owen Themes! Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. It had bullets in it to practice with in are you follower the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Wilfred Owen! Lucy then followed and a leader or a follower finally Joanna picked up the gun. Wilfred Owen! At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Joanna was firing and on Transnational and Coporations the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to fire at wilfred owen themes their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Warner was hurried to burmese days the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded.

The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. Owen Themes! This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. Or A! After this incident it was a total shock to wilfred owen everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and Essay on Literature for Improving Serial Number Tracking paranoia about life. Wilfred Themes! After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and burmese days Lucy returned to New York to try find work in Vaudeville. She was not very successful. She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and owen Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett. For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her.

Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to on Transnational match Joan?s hair color. One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in wilfred front of the costumers and staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to earthquake 2010 the Schuster Clinic on 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of wilfred owen themes, rheumatoid arthritis. Burmese Days! This was quite rare at her age of themes, seventeen. At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from Essay on Literature Review for Improving Serial, being permanently taken over by the disease. She still had to give up her modeling and owen themes go home. On Transnational And Coporations! She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair.

Her legs were so out of owen themes, whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. For the next two years she was in constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again. Essay On Transnational Actors And Coporations! Lucy?s best friend in wilfred those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to on Transnational work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and wilfred themes her eyes were an Essay on Transnational, intense blazing blue.

A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an wilfred owen themes, actors? agent. Essay Actors! Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and wilfred owen asked her if she would like to go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in new York was seeking models and showgirls for Tracking, the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to the galaxy of beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn.

The representatives in New York signed her to a contract. But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in owen themes Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to mississippi Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in a Hollywood movie.

At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the set trying to secure better parts for herself. During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for the Mafia in New York. Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to ride in his limousine with a chauffeur.

Years later she tried to repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it. Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. Wilfred! The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey).

Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either. Haiti! She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. After that picture she was loaned to wilfred owen themes United Artists for a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of are you or a follower, Cellini, or Kid Millions. Lucy very badly wanted to go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about themes, comedies. She felt that she could grow there. As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from for Improving, break time in Kid Millions.

Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. Themes! The casting director looked at earthquake her and decided right on the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in wilfred Hollywood. She borrowed the down payment of Essay on Literature Review, $65 from wilfred, George Raft. She hit rock bottom in Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads.

She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in mississippi burning summary Hollywood. Columbia had only signed a contract with her to do bits. Wilfred Themes! She decided to wire her family in Jamestown to on Literature Review for Improving tell them to come to Hollywood. She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and were off to live with Lucy. She sent the wilfred owen, fares for everyone and mississippi burning was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the wilfred owen, family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to Essay on Transnational and Coporations play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only had to walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an wilfred, honor to her to haiti 2010 effects appear in wilfred themes one of their pictures. On Transnational And Coporations! Emerging at owen the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the The Theme, Los Angeles County Registrar of Voters to affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into wilfred owen the threat of professional ruin and public exposure. She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from mississippi burning summary, RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. Wilfred Themes! After the opening on of Superiority January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the wilfred themes, play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the on Transnational, production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and wilfred found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the summary, production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in 1940.

Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in owen love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to a leader or a play in movies and films. Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured. While Lucy was on wilfred owen themes tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on Christmas 1947. Essay On Transnational Actors! In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. By the time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. It was of themes, her own will power that she got through her performance on a leader January 5, 1948. The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is more‹ though this may be a brash statement to wilfred themes make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . Mississippi Burning! . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. She has efficiency as a comedienne.

She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee. She apparently never overdoes the wilfred themes, sentimental side of a role. . Burning! . (Higham, 89#038;90). Owen Themes! After that review Lucy went on Essay Review Serial Number Tracking to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of wilfred themes, hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Are You Follower! Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the owen, show. After taking out loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of its decade running continuously from mississippi, 1951 to wilfred 1957. Burmese Days! In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Wilfred! Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and last and the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom.

Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke. Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in intensive care. She was then released and are you a leader a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the wilfred themes, next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. Essay Review Number Tracking! After her recovery she was pleased to be invited to wilfred owen appear with Bob Hope at are you follower the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to wilfred young performers. Over the Essay on Literature for Improving Number, next few weeks she felt tired and owen sluggish, and Essay on Transnational and Coporations one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to the hospital by Gary.

There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and a weakened valve. As people heard about the news they phoned the hospital of her condition. She received flowers and cards by wilfred owen themes the ton. Haiti! As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the cards and calls she had received. Themes! On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in Serial Tracking her back.

Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end. Now you know the wilfred themes, fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to you. It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the Essay on Literature for Improving Serial Tracking, misfortunate live to wilfred themes be extraordinary people. The most important thing to Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child. Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to on Literature for Improving Serial learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and themes her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century.

Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. She spent her first few years in Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. Burmese Days! On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness. This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. Wilfred Owen! . Haiti Earthquake Effects! . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and wilfred owen themes decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on the set; for haiti effects, she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born. Wilfred Owen! A few years later Desiree married again.

This time to Ed Peterson on September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and burmese days shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for her self-importance. Wilfred Owen Themes! Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use.

When she was confronted by an executive that asked her where the mississippi burning summary, pencils were going she took him to a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in the company and wilfred owen that she was only stealing from herself. Earthquake Effects! The most important influence on Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. Wilfred Owen! She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the are you follower, maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. It was said in Celeron that the wilfred themes, gypsies would kidnap local children and take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched. One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. This caused paranoia in burmese days the family.

In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of cancer of the uterus on July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area.

After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . Themes! . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and cry, to be able to play on their emotions. . . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in on Transnational Actors and Coporations a local musical given by the Masonic Club. While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and owen a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in mississippi the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. Wilfred Owen! She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered.

At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and leggy for are you or a, her age. She was overly energetic and wilfred owen themes her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to horseback riding. Haiti! In 1925, she entered Celeron High School. There she began organizing a dramatic club and owen a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and the eve of the 4th of July.

Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for The Theme, some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and wilfred owen foolishly gave it to the kids. Earthquake! It had bullets in wilfred owen it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun.

At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire. Essay Actors! Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and bleeding. His lower limbs, back, and wilfred arms were paralyzed. Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could.

Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to Number fire at their son. Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed. Wilfred! Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to move. The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and willfully giving orders to burmese days kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the wilfred themes, hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for on Transnational, everyone in wilfred owen concern, since all the The Theme of Superiority Essay, children had to owen give evidence. Even thought the shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to burmese days find an apartment.

After this incident it was a total shock to everyone and Lucy was ostracized and that gave her the feeling of nervousness and paranoia about wilfred, life. Essay! After the shooting, Ed?s sister Lola died of cancer and Lucy returned to New York to wilfred owen themes try find work in Essay Review Tracking Vaudeville. She was not very successful. Owen! She struggled as an artist?s model and posed as a Chesterfield cigarette Girl while living at the Kimberly Hotel on 74th and Broadway. Later she worked for Hattie Carnegie who specialized in well- tailored costumes. Many celebrated women came into Hattie?s salon. Among those women was Joan Bennett. Are You A Leader! For some reason, Hattie decided that Lucy resembled Joan. From then on Lucy modeled clothes for her. Lucy even dyed her hair platinum blond to match Joan?s hair color.

One day Lucy was walking across the floor in a new costume and fell to the floor with severe pains in her legs in front of the costumers and wilfred staff. Hattie insisted that she see her own physician. Mississippi Summary! The doctor said her condition was serious and that she should be sent to the Schuster Clinic on wilfred 113th Street. She was diagnosed with early signs of rheumatoid arthritis. This was quite rare at her age of seventeen.

At that time, Professor Schuster was experimenting with a pregnant horse serum and asked Lucy if she would like to try it. She accepted in an instant. later she credited this treatment for having saved her from burmese days, being permanently taken over by the disease. She still had to give up her modeling and go home. She spent most of her time in bed or in a wheelchair. Her legs were so out of whack that she had to have twenty pound weights on each foot to straighten them out. Wilfred Owen Themes! For the next two years she was in burmese days constant pain. She wondered if she would be able to pursue her acting career again.

Lucy?s best friend in those days was a hair dresser named Gertrude Foote, known as Footie asked if she could go along with Lucy back to New York as Lucy was going to work with Hattie Carnegie again. At almost twenty, Lucy lost her awkward leggy look and wilfred was strikingly attractive. Her hair was a mousy brown and her eyes were an intense blazing blue. A designer, Rose Ruth, who was a favorite at Hattie?s was walking with Lucy when she ran into a friend, Sylvia Hahlo, an actors? agent. Sylvia was very impressed with Lucy at various fashion shows and asked her if she would like to go to California. Lucy asked what she would do there. Sylvia told her that James Mulvey, of the Samuel Goldwyn office in Essay on Literature Serial Number new York was seeking models and showgirls for the film Roman Scandals, starring the comedian Eddie Cantor. These girls would be added to wilfred owen the galaxy of burmese days, beauties known as the ?Goldwyn Girls?, who were chosen for their looks and popularity at the time. While Lucy was hesitating with her decision she was offered a tiny, one-day job as a walk-on in the film Broadway Thru a Keyhole. Sylvia rushed shots of Lucy in the film to Goldwyn. The representatives in New York signed her to wilfred themes a contract.

But when Goldwyn ran tests on her in Hollywood he didn?t like her at all. By chance the dance director, Busby Berkeley who was hired to choreograph the mississippi summary, film insisted that Goldwyn hire her. If it hadn?t been for Berkeley, Lucy may have never came to Hollywood. Another break came when a mother of twelve girls refused to let one of her daughters appear in wilfred themes a Hollywood movie. At the same time Lucy was starting out so was Betty Grable. Betty could sing or pretend to quite effectively, but Lucy couldn?t and that made her feel inferior. Since Betty was more talented then Lucy, Lucy tried to imitate her by dying her hair blond. When Lucy wasn?t working on a picture she would hang around the Essay on Literature Review for Improving Tracking, set trying to secure better parts for herself.

During this time Lucy was dating Mack Gray a friend of George Raft. Gray was Raft?s bodyguard-companion because Raft was a front man for wilfred owen themes, the Mafia in The Theme New York. Raft also lent her money responding to the pleas that she was float broke. He allowed her to owen ride in his limousine with a chauffeur. Years later she tried to burmese days repay him but he wouldn?t hear of it.

Roman Scandals was directed by Frank Tuttle in 1933, which Lucy appeared with Kay Harvey. As Kay Harvey remembers one day, I came on the set one day to find ?Queen Lucy,? as we called her, riding a beautiful brown horse. She was wearing a scanty costume, with a long blond wig floating around her shoulders. The crew dubbed her Lady Godiva as she elegantly rode that poor, tired horse back and forth before cameras while we were lighted for a shot (Kay Harvey). Kay also remembers that while she was riding she almost accidentally crushed a chorus girl who fell in front of the owen, horse. After she completed several more Goldwyn films she was not exactly miserable, but she was not pleased either.

She wasn?t happy with her next film, Blood Money, directed by Rowland Brown. Haiti 2010! After that picture she was loaned to United Artists for a tiny part as a chorus girl in the Constance Bennett picture Moulin Rouge. She took no interest in her next few pictures: Bottoms Up, Hold That Girl, Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back, The Affairs of wilfred owen themes, Cellini, or Kid Millions. Haiti Earthquake Effects! Lucy very badly wanted to go to Columbia, the studio that specialized in knock about comedies. She felt that she could grow there.

As an act to get fired she would purposely be late getting to the set from break time in Kid Millions. Lucy finally got her interview with Harry Cohn at Columbia. The casting director looked at her and decided right on wilfred the spot she would be perfect as ?a dumb broad.? Instead of being cast in that feature she was thrown into a short twenty minute part in Perfectly Mismatched. In 1934, she found a modest frame house located at 1344 North Ogden Drive in Hollywood. She borrowed the Essay Actors and Coporations, down payment of $65 from George Raft. She hit rock bottom in wilfred owen themes Three Little Pigskins, starring the Three Stooges, whose idea of Essay Actors, comedy was tweaking noses, smashing pies into owen peoples faces, and dumping cans of paint on to people?s heads. She didn?t like this kind of comedy. By this time Lucy was unhappy in Hollywood. Haiti Effects! Columbia had only signed a contract with her to owen themes do bits. She decided to are you or a follower wire her family in Jamestown to themes tell them to come to Hollywood.

She told them that she had no career and that she was still poor. They packed their bags and effects were off to live with Lucy. She sent the fares for everyone and was relieved that Ed Peterson would not be joining then and that her mother and him were divorced. No sooner had the family came that Columbia decided to disbanded the comedy team to do more prestigous films. While Lucy was out taking a walk on wilfred owen the street, she ran into a friend, Dick Gree, who said there was an opening for burning summary, a showgirl at RKO and were paying $50 a week.

RKO needed her to themes play a model in a fashion show sequence for the Fred Astair/Ginger Rogers picture. Even though she only of Superiority Essay, had to wilfred owen walk down an isle wearing ostrich feathers, it was an honor to her to appear in one of their pictures. Emerging at the same time was Lucy?s RKO rival, Betty Grable, who was more talented than her. Essay! To compete with her Lucy dyed her hair red. Not knowing what she was doing on March 19, 1936, Lucy registered with the Los Angeles County Registrar of wilfred owen, Voters to Actors affiliate with the Communist Party. From this decision, years later during the McCarthy era she was put into the threat of professional ruin and owen public exposure. Haiti! She always said that decision was only to please her grandfather.

As Lucy managed to obtain a leave from her contract from RKO she landed a role in a stage musical that was bound for Broadway, Hey Diddle Diddle. After the opening on January 21, 1937 of Hey Diddle Diddle at the McCarter Theater in themes Princeton, New Jersey she received remarks from the Variety saying: ?Miss Ball fattens a fat part and almost walks off with the a leader or a, play. She outlines a consistent character and continuously gives it logical substance. Has a sense of owen themes, timing and, with a few exceptions, keeps her comedy under control.? (Higgings, 43) After the production closed Lucy returned to Hollywood and Essay on Literature Review Number Tracking found herself cast in a movie with exceptional quality, Stage Door. The director, Gregory La Cava, was an alcoholic and every day the crew wondered if he would mess up the production. It wasn?t until she played in 47 films that she met Desi Arnaz on the set of Dance, Girl, Dance in wilfred owen themes 1940. Desi and Lucy didn?t hit it off at first, but soon they fell in Essay on Literature Review for Improving Serial Number love with each other and were married in Greenich, Connecticut. From 1940 on she continued to wilfred themes play in movies and films.

Sometimes she would be cast with Bob Hope, Henry Fonda, Ginger Rogers, or Katharine Hepburn. Her more successful films include: The Big Street, Du Barry Was a Lady, Best Foot Forward, Ziegfeld Follies, and Lured. While Lucy was on tour of Dream Girl the cast came down with a virus and could not perform on of Superiority Essay Christmas 1947. In generosity Lucy paid for the casts hospital bills and wages. By the wilfred owen themes, time she got to southern California for opening night, she too was stricken with the virus. It was of her own will power that she got through her performance on burmese days January 5, 1948. The review by the Los Angeles Time?s Edwin Schallert was favorable and wilfred owen he wrote: Here is a young lady of the films who could, if she would, have a dazzling footlight career. And what is more‹ though this may be a brash statement to make‹ she is, in a sense, wasting her talents in pictures. . . Miss Ball is a striking presence in the footlight world. She has efficiency as a comedienne. She can tinge a scene delicately with pathos. She has special facility in dealing with sharp-edged repartee.

She apparently never overdoes the sentimental side of a role. . . (Higham, 89#038;90). After that review Lucy went on to complete eight more films before the tragic death of a dear friend of hers. In the spring of 1951, S. Sylvan Simon at the age of mississippi, forty-one committed suicide for unknown reasons. Lucy told that it was he who inspired the crazy comedy that led to ?I Love Lucy.? Lucy and Desi went on to start their own television series.

They came up with ideas, but television studios would not accept the themes, show. After taking out loans, Lucy and Desi founded ?Desilu Productions.? I Love Lucy became the most popular television series of The Theme, its decade running continuously from 1951 to 1957. In 1960, Lucy divorced Desi. Later she became head of two major television companies and did more ?Lucy? series; The Lucy show (1962-69), Here?s Lucy (1968-74), and last and wilfred the least successful 1986 series Life with Lucy. On May 10, 1988, after her television career was finished, Lucy woke up and went to the bathroom. Suddenly she felt a heavy object fall into her lap. When she picked it up she realized it was her arm and that she had had a stroke.

Her then husband, Gary rushed her to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and she spent a few hours in intensive care. She was then released and a nurse, Trudi Arcudi moved in with her. For the next few months she worked on her partially paralyzed right side and her speech. After her recovery she was pleased to Essay Number be invited to owen appear with Bob Hope at the Oscars in late March 1989 to introduce a salute to young performers. Over the next few weeks she felt tired and of Superiority sluggish, and one morning she woke up with terrible chest pains. She was driven to wilfred owen themes the hospital by Gary. There doctors performed a six-and-a-half-hour emergency open-heart surgery to replace a torn section of her aorta and a weakened valve. For Improving Number Tracking! As people heard about the news they phoned the owen themes, hospital of her condition. Essay On Literature Review Serial! She received flowers and wilfred cards by the ton.

As she was making a remarkable recovery she was thrilled to hear about all the cards and calls she had received. On Transnational! On April 26, 1989, just before she was due to go home, she awoke with a pain in owen her back. Only Trudi Arcudi was with her as her patched aorta burst and her life came to an end. Burmese Days! Now you know the fascinating life Lucille Ball led being one of the most famous women in themes television history. Although her childhood may be shocking to on Literature for Improving you. Owen Themes! It was far from what you think a wonderful lady like her would have been raised. But even the misfortunate live to be extraordinary people. Haiti 2010! The most important thing to wilfred owen themes Lucille Ball was that she wanted everyone to love her because she didn?t receive that kind of love as a child.

Lucy did die knowing that everyone loved her after all. On April 26, 1989, the world lost an of Superiority Essay, extremely talented comic genius, Lucille Ball. There are so many things to learn about this extraordinary woman: her childhood, her acting career, and her unfortunate death. Lucille Ball will most surely be known as a premiere comedienne of the 20th century. Wilfred! Lucille Ball was born in Jamestown, New York on August 6, 1911. Mississippi Burning Summary! She spent her first few years in owen Anaconda, Montana and Wyandotte, Michigan. When Lucy was three and a half her mother, Desiree, was pregnant with her second child and haiti earthquake 2010 her father, Had, was stricken with typhoid fever. On February 28, 1915, Had died of his illness.

This left Lucy without a single recollection of what he was like. Kathleen Brady in her book The Life of Lucille Ball quotes Lucy, I do remember everything that happened. . . hanging out the window, begging to play with the kids next door who had the measles. Wilfred! . . the doctor coming, my mother weeping. I remember a bird that flew in the window, a picture that fell off the burmese days, wall (Brady, 7). That bird became a haunting reminder and decades later stagehands on the I Love Lucy show learned never to put birds on wilfred themes the set; for burmese days, she would panic in anger. A month before her fourth birthday on July 3, 1915 her little brother, Fred was born.

A few years later Desiree married again. This time to Ed Peterson on wilfred September 17, 1918. Ed did not like children and wouldn’t allow Lucy or Fred to call him ?daddy?. When Lucy was in first grade, Desiree left Lucy with Ed?s parents and Fred with her own. While Lucy was staying with Sophia Peterson, she was ridiculed the way she looked, spoke, and The Theme Essay walked. With her long slender legs, her oversized feet, crooked teeth, and a high shrill voice she was easy to mock. Grandma Peterson would dress her in dresses long enough so she would grow into them and shoes so hard that they squeaked. Grandma would also part her hair right down the middle and pull it back so tightly that she had the look of perpetual shock. Since mirrors encouraged vanity, Sophia banned them, except for one in the bathroom where she once found Lucy staring at her face. Wilfred Themes! Lucy was then assigned chores as punishment for Essay, her self-importance.

Money was so scarce that she did not have a pencil in school, a shame so searing that in wilfred her forties she hoarded pencils that were meant for her employees to use. When she was confronted by The Theme an executive that asked her where the pencils were going she took him to wilfred owen themes a back closet and showed him the packages of unwrapped pencils. She only surrendered them when he told her that she owned all the pencils in the company and that she was only stealing from herself. The most important influence on on Literature Number Lucy?s early years was Celeron Park. She would go there with her family and ride on roller coasters or visit the Zoological Garden. In 1919, when Lucy was eight she was known as a hyperactive child. She was afraid of gypsies who set up their camp under the maple trees at the edge of the park every summer. Themes! It was said in Celeron that the gypsies would kidnap local children and Essay Review Number Tracking take them off to their campgrounds. Then their parents would have to pay the gypsies a silver dollar to make them return the kids they had snatched.

One day Lucy came home and told that the gypsies took her away to their camp, but she screamed so loud that they were forced to let her go. Owen Themes! This caused paranoia in the family. In 1920, she was sent off to study singing, piano, and dancing at The Theme of Superiority Essay the Chautauqua Institute of Music. After Lucy came back from school her maternal grandmother, Florabelle, died of themes, cancer of the uterus on July 1, 1922. Even though Ed had been cruel and wouldn’t have anything to do with raising Lucy, he encouraged her to perform. Since Ed belonged to the Shriners, he arranged for her to act, dance, and sing at their conventions. In 1923, Ed and Desiree took her to mississippi summary see the celebrated monologist Julius Tannen who was performing in the area. After seeing his performance Lucy said, Tannen was magic. . . just this voice, and this magnificent man enthralling you with his stories. . . his intonations. . . which I never, never forgot! He changed my life. I knew it was a very serious, wonderful thing to be able to make people laugh and owen cry, to be able to play on their emotions. . Are You Follower! . (Higham, 23). Because Lucy was inspired by Tannen she auditioned for and obtained a part in wilfred themes a local musical given by the Masonic Club.

While doing a scene her partner accidentally threw her so violently across the stage that she dislocated her shoulder. Burning Summary! For the rest of her life she had trouble with that shoulder. When she was twelve and a half she took a bus to New York and got a job as a chorus girl in the Schubert Musical Stepping Stones. She was soon fired and sent home when her true age was discovered. At the age of 14, Lucy was tall and excessively thin and themes leggy for her age. She was overly energetic and burmese days her friends remember her diving into every activity she could think of from ice-skating to owen horseback riding. In 1925, she entered Celeron High School.

There she began organizing a dramatic club and on Literature for Improving Serial Tracking a school band. She directed and starred in plays and musicals. On July 3, 1927, it was Fred?s twelfth birthday and wilfred themes the eve of the 4th of July. Grandpa Hunt decided to have a Fourth-of-July-Eve-Party for some of the neighboring children as well as a visiting girl from a neighboring town, Joanna Ottinger. Grandpa had bought that afternoon a .22 caliber rifle and foolishly gave it to the kids. On Literature Review! It had bullets in it to practice with in the backyard. Fred fired some shots at a tin can. Owen Themes! Lucy then followed and finally Joanna picked up the gun. At that exact moment, the eight-year-old son of the next door neighbor, Warner Erickson, ran out from his yard into the line of fire.

Joanna was firing and the bullet from the gun went through Warner?s back and lodged in his left lung. He fell to the ground screaming and Essay on Literature for Improving Number bleeding. Owen Themes! His lower limbs, back, and arms were paralyzed. And Coporations! Fred Hunt was terrified; he, Lucy, Fred, and Joanna rushed forward to do what they could. Then Erickson?s parents came out hysterical with rage and charged Grandpa with having deliberately telling Joanna to wilfred owen fire at Essay Review Serial Number Tracking their son. Wilfred Owen Themes! Policed were called and a harrowing ordeal followed.

Warner was hurried to the hospital unable to a leader or a move. Owen! The boy?s father, Einer Erickson, filed a complaint at his attorney?s office, charging Grandpa with deliberately and burmese days willfully giving orders to kill. Einer was insisting on $5,000 so it would fully cover the owen themes, hospital, legal, and doctor fees. Grandpa was not charged with murder, but he was put in Essay on Transnational prison until the trial took place. The trial was a tribulation for everyone in concern, since all the children had to give evidence.

Even thought the wilfred owen themes, shooting had been an accident, Grandpa?s irresponsibility was punished appropriately. Since Fred Hunt?s capital was only a few hundred dollars and his only of Superiority, asset was the house, Einer Erickson could not be fully awarded. The house was sold at an auction to the highest bidders on September 14, 1928. This left Lucy and her family homeless until they were able to find an apartment. After this inci.

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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in wilfred owen helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation. Examine the summary results of an event, choice, or situation.

Trace the wilfred owen themes start of a situation to a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment. Use a question for Actors, your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce?

What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children? What is the wilfred themes effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What effect has the Essay on Literature Review for Improving Tracking feminist movement had on men's and women's views of wilfred themes, dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an abortion have on burmese days, a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents?

What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and fulfilling marriage have on owen themes, a person's health? Does going to college cause people to have better marriages?

What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the are you follower effect of growing up in a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? What the effect has China's one child had on wilfred, family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the earthquake effects effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the effect of over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships? What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group?

What causes poverty in themes the U.S.? What are the a leader or a follower effects of wilfred owen, growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on mississippi, children? What has caused the wilfred owen themes increase in international adoption in on Literature Review for Improving Serial Tracking Western countries? What is the effect on children (or adults) of wilfred, watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations?

What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in Actors wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the wilfred themes causes of poor water quality for many people around the world? What is the effect of people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the Essay Actors and Coporations cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to get jobs?

What is the effect on owen themes, children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system? What causes the Essay on Literature Review for Improving Number increasing number of children affected by owen themes Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health? What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on Essay, future health?

What is the cause (or the effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to wilfred owen, get cancer?

What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly? What has caused cancer to be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the are you or a effect of abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind? What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on wilfred, the body?

What causes people to Essay Actors, make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to be overweight? What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to owen themes, buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of are you a leader or a, violent video games on young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people?

Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and wilfred owen themes, video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on burmese days, teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular? What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and wilfred owen themes, smartphones have on how we browse the Internet?

What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate? What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices? How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and mississippi, talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to think school is boring?

Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and wilfred, books? What are the effects of burmese days, homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in wilfred themes your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of burmese days, students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the positive and negative effects of owen themes, having school uniforms?

What is the effect of having an open high school campus? What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students? What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on The Theme of Superiority, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on owen, a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in schools have on education?

What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in burmese days the 1960s and themes, 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on Essay Actors, the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring?

What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on wilfred owen, Britain's view of itself? What were the burmese days causes and owen themes, effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the are you a leader follower effect of online sales on businesses (in any country)?

What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the effects of globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on terrorists and civilians? What was the owen cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of Essay, North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by owen themes Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Interview Essay Paper Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by haiti Virginia Kearney 4. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States.

Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in wilfred themes China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for helping me. Burmese Days! these topics are really good.. Wilfred Themes! i used some of earthquake 2010, these topics for wilfred owen, my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships.

Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of Essay and Coporations, tips. These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States. Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment.

Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. Themes! Very informative write. Essay On Transnational And Coporations! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States.

Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. I have a cause and themes, effect essay to type for my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic.

Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. The Theme Of Superiority Essay! Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Wilfred Owen! Thanks. Great topics. James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics.

They are good to write about to do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from Essay on Transnational, New York, NY. I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to wilfred, students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the are you a leader most interesting to read. I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting.

I am bookmarking this hub for wilfred themes, future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done. On Literature Review! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Owen! Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. For Improving Tracking! Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused.

Affect also means to owen, produce an effect upon as well as to Essay, influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an wilfred owen themes, error. Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics.

I just have one comment. Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from 2010 effects, Texas. This will come in handy for my English class. Owen Themes! Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Are You A Leader Or A Follower! Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems.

Great hub! I like your ideas, it is wilfred owen, something different innovative. The Theme Of Superiority Essay! Vote up! Thanks! This is helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments.

However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. That is why I usually like to wilfred themes, call this a speculating about The Theme of Superiority Essay causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and wilfred, argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation. Essay! Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and wilfred, effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to Essay on Literature Review Serial Number, be written were to be in themes APA format, and Essay on Literature for Improving Serial Number Tracking, it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to wilfred, research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into burmese days consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California.

Great topics! Voted up and shared. Wilfred Themes! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and Essay on Transnational Actors and Coporations, other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to wilfred, work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed.

Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. Essay And Coporations! I'll be sure to have my students check out wilfred owen, some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Essay! Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent.

Thank you for wilfred, sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Burning! Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub. Going to pass this along and of course vote up.

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essay on attachment R. Themes? Chris Fraley | University of Illinois. Research on adult attachment is guided by the assumption that the same motivational system that gives rise to summary the close emotional bond between parents and their children is responsible for the bond that develops between adults in themes emotionally intimate relationships. The objective of summary this essay is to provide a brief overview of the history of adult attachment research, the key theoretical ideas, and wilfred owen a sampling of some of the research findings. This essay has been written for people who are interested in on Transnational Actors and Coporations learning more about research on adult attachment. Background: Bowlby's Theory of Attachment.

The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby (1907 - 1990), a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents. Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths (e.g., crying, clinging, frantically searching) to prevent separation from wilfred themes, their parents or to reestablish proximity to a missing parent. At the time of Bowlby's initial writings, psychoanalytic writers held that these expressions were manifestations of immature defense mechanisms that were operating to follower repress emotional pain, but Bowlby noted that such expressions are common to wilfred a wide variety of mammalian species, and speculated that these behaviors may serve an evolutionary function. Drawing on haiti, ethological theory, Bowlby postulated that these attachment behaviors , such as crying and searching, were adaptive responses to wilfred owen themes separation from a primary attachment figure --someone who provides support, protection, and care. Because human infants, like other mammalian infants, cannot feed or protect themselves, they are dependent upon the care and protection of haiti older and wiser adults. Wilfred Themes? Bowlby argued that, over the course of evolutionary history, infants who were able to maintain proximity to an attachment figure via attachment behaviors would be more likely to Essay on Literature for Improving Number Tracking survive to a reproductive age. According to Bowlby, a motivational system, what he called the attachment behavioral system , was gradually designed by wilfred themes natural selection to regulate proximity to an attachment figure.

The attachment behavior system is an important concept in attachment theory because it provides the haiti earthquake 2010, conceptual linkage between ethological models of human development and modern theories on emotion regulation and personality. Themes? According to Bowlby, the attachment system essentially asks the following fundamental question: Is the Essay on Transnational Actors, attachment figure nearby, accessible, and attentive? If the child perceives the answer to this question to be yes, he or she feels loved, secure, and confident, and, behaviorally, is likely to owen explore his or her environment, play with others, and be sociable. If, however, the child perceives the answer to this question to be no, the haiti 2010 effects, child experiences anxiety and, behaviorally, is likely to wilfred exhibit attachment behaviors ranging from simple visual searching on the low extreme to active following and haiti earthquake vocal signaling on themes, the other (see Figure 1). Burmese Days? These behaviors continue until either the child is wilfred owen themes, able to Review for Improving Serial reestablish a desirable level of physical or psychological proximity to the attachment figure, or until the child wears down, as may happen in the context of themes a prolonged separation or loss. In such cases, Bowlby believed that young children experienced profound despair and depression. Individual Differences in Infant Attachment Patterns. Although Bowlby believed that the basic dynamics described above captured the normative dynamics of the attachment behavioral system, he recognized that there are individual differences in the way children appraise the accessibility of the attachment figure and how they regulate their attachment behavior in response to Essay on Literature Review threats. However, it wasn't until his colleague, Mary Ainsworth (1913 – 1999), began to systematically study infant-parent separations that a formal understanding of wilfred themes these individual differences was articulated.

Ainsworth and her students developed a technique called the are you a leader, strange situation --a laboratory paradigm for studying infant-parent attachment. In the strange situation, 12-month-old infants and their parents are brought to the laboratory and, systematically, separated from and wilfred reunited with one another. In the strange situation, most children (i.e., about 60%) behave in the way implied by Bowlby's normative theory. They become upset when the parent leaves the room, but, when he or she returns, they actively seek the parent and mississippi are easily comforted by him or her. Wilfred Owen Themes? Children who exhibit this pattern of earthquake behavior are often called secure . Wilfred? Other children (about 20% or less) are ill-at-ease initially, and, upon separation, become extremely distressed. On Transnational And Coporations? Importantly, when reunited with their parents, these children have a difficult time being soothed, and often exhibit conflicting behaviors that suggest they want to be comforted, but that they also want to punish the parent for leaving. These children are often called anxious-resistant . Wilfred Owen? The third pattern of attachment that Ainsworth and her colleagues documented is called avoidant . Avoidant children (about 20%) don't appear too distressed by haiti 2010 effects the separation, and, upon reunion, actively avoid seeking contact with their parent, sometimes turning their attention to play objects on the laboratory floor. Ainsworth's work was important for at wilfred owen least three reasons. First, she provided one of the first empirical demonstrations of a leader follower how attachment behavior is patterned in both safe and frightening contexts. Second, she provided the wilfred, first empirical taxonomy of individual differences in Essay infant attachment patterns. According to wilfred her research, at mississippi least three types of children exist: those who are secure in their relationship with their parents, those who are anxious-resistant, and owen those who are anxious-avoidant.

Finally, she demonstrated that these individual differences were correlated with infant-parent interactions in the home during the first year of life. Children who appear secure in the strange situation, for example, tend to have parents who are responsive to their needs. Children who appear insecure in the strange situation (i.e., anxious-resistant or avoidant) often have parents who are insensitive to their needs, or inconsistent or rejecting in the care they provide. In the years that have followed, a number of burmese days researchers have demonstrated links between early parental sensitivity and responsiveness and attachment security. Although Bowlby was primarily focused on understanding the nature of the infant-caregiver relationship, he believed that attachment characterized human experience from the wilfred, cradle to the grave.

It was not until the for Improving Number Tracking, mid-1980's, however, that researchers began to take seriously the owen themes, possibility that attachment processes may play out in adulthood. Hazan and Essay Shaver (1987) were two of the first researchers to explore Bowlby's ideas in the context of romantic relationships. According to Hazan and Shaver, the emotional bond that develops between adult romantic partners is partly a function of the same motivational system--the attachment behavioral system--that gives rise to the emotional bond between infants and their caregivers. Hazan and Shaver noted that the relationship between infants and caregivers and the relationship between adult romantic partners share the following features: both feel safe when the other is nearby and responsive both engage in close, intimate, bodily contact both feel insecure when the other is inaccessible both share discoveries with one another both play with one another's facial features and wilfred owen exhibit a mutual fascination and preoccupation with one another both engage in burmese days baby talk On the basis of these parallels, Hazan and wilfred owen Shaver argued that adult romantic relationships, like infant-caregiver relationships, are attachments, and that romantic love is a property of the attachment behavioral system, as well as the motivational systems that give rise to caregiving and burning summary sexuality. Three Implications of Adult Attachment Theory. The idea that romantic relationships may be attachment relationships has had a profound influence on modern research on close relationships. There are at least three critical implications of owen this idea.

First, if adult romantic relationships are attachment relationships, then we should observe the same kinds of individual differences in adult relationships that Ainsworth observed in infant-caregiver relationships . We may expect some adults, for example, to be secure in their relationships--to feel confident that their partners will be there for them when needed, and open to depending on others and having others depend on them. We should expect other adults, in contrast, to be insecure in their relationships. For example, some insecure adults may be anxious-resistant : they worry that others may not love them completely, and be easily frustrated or angered when their attachment needs go unmet. Others may be avoidant : they may appear not to care too much about Essay on Transnational Actors close relationships, and may prefer not to wilfred owen be too dependent upon other people or to have others be too dependent upon them. Second, if adult romantic relationships are attachment relationships, then the way adult relationships work should be similar to the way infant-caregiver relationships work . In other words, the same kinds of factors that facilitate exploration in children (i.e., having a responsive caregiver) should facilitate exploration among adults (i.e., having a responsive partner). A Leader Or A? The kinds of things that make an attachment figure desirable for infants (i.e., responsiveness, availability) are the kinds of wilfred factors adults should find desirable in romantic partners. In short, individual differences in attachment should influence relational and personal functioning in adulthood in the same way they do in childhood.

Third, whether an haiti, adult is secure or insecure in his or her adult relationships may be a partial reflection of his or her experiences with his or her primary caregivers . Bowlby believed that the mental representations or working models (i.e., expectations, beliefs, rules or scripts for behaving and thinking) that a child holds regarding relationships are a function of his or her caregiving experiences. Owen? For example, a secure child tends to believe that others will be there for him or her because previous experiences have led him or her to this conclusion. Once a child has developed such expectations, he or she will tend to seek out relational experiences that are consistent with those expectations and perceive others in of Superiority Essay a way that is colored by owen those beliefs. According to Bowlby, this kind of process should promote continuity in mississippi summary attachment patterns over the life course, although it is possible that a person's attachment pattern will change if his or her relational experiences are inconsistent with his or her expectations. In short, if we assume that adult relationships are attachment relationships, it is possible that children who are secure as children will grow up to be secure in their romantic relationships. Or, relatedly, that people who are secure as adults in owen themes their relationships with their parents will be more likely to forge secure relationships with new partners. In the sections below I briefly address these three implications in Essay on Transnational light of early and contemporary research on adult attachment. Do We Observe the themes, Same Kinds of Attachment Patterns Among Adults that We Observe Among Children? The earliest research on adult attachment involved studying the association between individual differences in adult attachment and the way people think about their relationships and their memories for what their relationships with their parents are like. On Transnational And Coporations? Hazan and Shaver (1987) developed a simple questionnaire to measure these individual differences. Wilfred? (These individual differences are often referred to as attachment styles , attachment patterns , attachment orientations , or differences in the organization of the Actors, attachment system .) In short, Hazan and Shaver asked research subjects to owen themes read the three paragraphs listed below, and indicate which paragraph best characterized the way they think, feel, and behave in close relationships: A. I am somewhat uncomfortable being close to The Theme others; I find it difficult to trust them completely, difficult to allow myself to depend on them.

I am nervous when anyone gets too close, and often, others want me to be more intimate than I feel comfortable being. B. I find it relatively easy to get close to others and wilfred owen themes am comfortable depending on them and having them depend on me. Essay On Literature Review Number? I don't worry about owen being abandoned or about someone getting too close to me. C. I find that others are reluctant to on Literature Review Serial Tracking get as close as I would like. I often worry that my partner doesn't really love me or won't want to stay with me. I want to get very close to wilfred themes my partner, and this sometimes scares people away. Based on this three-category measure, Hazan and Shaver found that the distribution of categories was similar to that observed in infancy. In other words, about 60% of earthquake adults classified themselves as secure (paragraph B), about 20% described themselves as avoidant (paragraph A), and about 20% described themselves as anxious-resistant (paragraph C).

Although this measure served as a useful way to owen themes study the association between attachment styles and relationship functioning, it didn't allow a full test of the hypothesis that the same kinds of individual differences observed in infants might be manifest among adults. (In many ways, the Hazan and Shaver measure assumed this to be true.) Subsequent research has explored this hypothesis in a variety of ways. For example, Kelly Brennan and her colleagues collected a number of statements (e.g., I believe that others will be there for me when I need them) and studied the haiti earthquake 2010 effects, way these statements hang together statistically (Brennan, Clark, Shaver, 1998). Brennan's findings suggested that there are two fundamental dimensions with respect to adult attachment patterns (see Figure 2). Themes? One critical variable has been labeled attachment-related anxiety . People who score high on this variable tend to worry whether their partner is available, responsive, attentive, etc. Essay On Transnational And Coporations? People who score on the low end of this variable are more secure in the perceived responsiveness of their partners. The other critical variable is called attachment-related avoidance . People on the high end of this dimension prefer not to rely on others or open up to wilfred owen themes others. People on the low end of burmese days this dimension are more comfortable being intimate with others and owen are more secure depending upon and having others depend upon them. A prototypical secure adult is Essay on Literature Review Serial Number Tracking, low on both of these dimensions. Brennan's findings are critical because recent analyses of the statistical patterning of behavior among infants in owen the strange situation reveal two functionally similar dimensions: one that captures variability in Essay Actors and Coporations the anxiety and resistance of the child and another that captures variability in the child's willingness to use the parent as a safe haven for support (see Fraley Spieker, 2003a, 2003b). Functionally, these dimensions are similar to the two-dimensions uncovered among adults, suggesting that similar patterns of wilfred owen attachment exist at haiti 2010 different points in the life span. In light of Brennan's findings, as well as taxometric research published by Fraley and Waller (1998), most researchers currently conceptualize and measure individual differences in attachment dimensionally rather than categorically.

That is, it is assumed that attachment styles are things that vary in owen degree rather than kind. The most popular measures of adult attachment style are Brennan, Clark, and Shaver's (1998) ECR and Fraley, Waller, and mississippi Brennan's (2000) ECR-R--a revised version of the ECR. [Click here to take an on-line quiz designed to determine your attachment style based on these two dimensions.] Both of these self-report instruments provide continuous scores on the two dimensions of attachment-related anxiety and owen avoidance. [Click here to learn more about self-report measures of individual differences in adult attachment.] Do Adult Romantic Relationships Work in burmese days the Same Way that Infant-Caregiver Relationships Work? There is now an increasing amount of research that suggests that adult romantic relationships function in ways that are similar to infant-caregiver relationships, with some noteworthy exceptions, of course. Naturalistic research on adults separating from wilfred owen, their partners at an airport demonstrated that behaviors indicative of attachment-related protest and caregiving were evident, and that the regulation of these behaviors was associated with attachment style (Fraley Shaver, 1998).

For example, while separating couples generally showed more attachment behavior than nonseparating couples, highly avoidant adults showed much less attachment behavior than less avoidant adults. In the sections below I discuss some of the parallels that have been discovered between the way that infant-caregiver relationships and adult romantic relationships function. Cross-cultural studies suggest that the secure pattern of attachment in infancy is universally considered the most desirable pattern by mothers (see van IJzendoorn Sagi, 1999). For obvious reasons there is Tracking, no similar study asking infants if they would prefer a security-inducing attachment figure. Adults seeking long-term relationships identify responsive caregiving qualities, such as attentiveness, warmth, and sensitivity, as most attractive in potential dating partners (Zeifman Hazan, 1997). Despite the attractiveness of secure qualities, however, not all adults are paired with secure partners. Some evidence suggests that people end up in relationships with partners who confirm their existing beliefs about attachment relationships (Frazier et al., 1997).

Secure base and themes safe haven behavior. In infancy, secure infants tend to be the most well adjusted, in the sense that they are relatively resilient, they get along with their peers, and are well liked. Similar kinds of Essay Actors and Coporations patterns have emerged in research on adult attachment. Overall, secure adults tend to be more satisfied in their relationships than insecure adults. Owen? Their relationships are characterized by greater longevity, trust, commitment, and interdependence (e.g., Feeney, Noller, Callan, 1994), and on Transnational Actors and Coporations they are more likely to use romantic partners as a secure base from which to explore the wilfred owen, world (e.g., Fraley Davis, 1997). Mississippi Burning Summary? A large proportion of research on wilfred owen, adult attachment has been devoted to uncovering the behavioral and psychological mechanisms that promote security and secure base behavior in adults. There have been two major discoveries thus far.

First and in accordance with attachment theory, secure adults are more likely than insecure adults to seek support from their partners when distressed. Mississippi? Furthermore, they are more likely to wilfred provide support to their distressed partners (e.g., Simpson et al., 1992). For Improving Tracking? Second, the owen, attributions that insecure individuals make concerning their partner's behavior during and following relational conflicts exacerbate, rather than alleviate, their insecurities (e.g., Simpson et al., 1996). Avoidant Attachment and Defense Mechanisms. Recent research on adult attachment has revealed some interesting complexities concerning the relationships between avoidance and defense. Although some avoidant adults, often called fearfully-avoidant adults, are poorly adjusted despite their defensive nature, others, often called dismissing-avoidant adults, are able to mississippi burning use defensive strategies in an adaptive way. For example, in an experimental task in which adults were instructed to discuss losing their partner, Fraley and Shaver (1997) found that dismissing individuals (i.e., individuals who are high on the dimension of attachment-related avoidance but low on the dimension of attachment-related anxiety) were just as physiologically distressed (as assessed by skin conductance measures) as other individuals. When instructed to suppress their thoughts and feelings, however, dismissing individuals were able to do so effectively. That is, they could deactivate their physiological arousal to some degree and minimize the wilfred owen themes, attention they paid to summary attachment-related thoughts.

Fearfully-avoidant individuals were not as successful in suppressing their emotions. Are Attachment Patterns Stable from Infancy to owen themes Adulthood? Perhaps the most provocative and controversial implication of adult attachment theory is on Literature Review for Improving, that a person's attachment style as an owen themes, adult is shaped by his or her interactions with parental attachment figures. Although the idea that early attachment experiences might have an influence on burmese days, attachment style in romantic relationships is relatively uncontroversial, hypotheses about the source and degree of overlap between the two kinds of attachment orientations have been controversial. There are at least two issues involved in considering the question of stability: (a) How much similarity is there between the security people experience with different people in their lives (e.g., mothers, fathers, romantic partners)? and (b) With respect to wilfred themes any one of are you a leader follower these relationships, how stable is themes, security over time? With respect to this first issue, it appears that there is a modest degree of Essay on Transnational Actors overlap between how secure people feel with their mothers, for example, and how secure they feel with their romantic partners. Fraley, for wilfred example, collected self-report measures of one's current attachment style with a significant parental figure and on Transnational a current romantic partner and found correlations ranging between approximately .20 to wilfred themes .50 (i.e., small to moderate) between the two kinds of attachment relationships. [Click here to take an on-line quiz designed to assess the similarity between your attachment styles with different people in your life.]

With respect to Essay on Transnational the second issue, the stability of one's attachment to one's parents appears to themes be equal to a correlation of about .25 to .39 (Fraley, 2002). There is only one longitudinal study of which we are aware that assessed the link between security at age 1 in The Theme of Superiority the strange situation and security of the same people 20 years later in their adult romantic relationships. This unpublished study uncovered a correlation of .17 between these two variables (Steele, Waters, Crowell, Treboux, 1998). The association between early attachment experiences and adult attachment styles has also been examined in wilfred retrospective studies. Hazan and Shaver (1987) found that adults who were secure in their romantic relationships were more likely to recall their childhood relationships with parents as being affectionate, caring, and accepting (see also Feeney Noller, 1990). Based on these kinds of a leader studies, it seems likely that attachment styles in the child-parent domain and attachment styles in owen the romantic relationship domain are only moderately related at best. What are the implications of such findings for adult attachment theory? According to The Theme some writers, the most important proposition of the theory is that the attachment system, a system originally adapted for the ecology of wilfred themes infancy, continues to influence behavior, thought, and feeling in adulthood (see Fraley Shaver, 2000). A Leader? This proposition may hold regardless of whether individual differences in owen the way the system is organized remain stable over are you a decade or more, and stable across different kinds of intimate relationships.

Although the social and cognitive mechanisms invoked by attachment theorists imply that stability in owen themes attachment style may be the rule rather than the exception, these basic mechanisms can predict either long-run continuity or discontinuity, depending on the precise ways in mississippi burning which they are conceptualized (Fraley, 2002). Fraley (2002) discussed two models of continuity derived from attachment theory that make different predictions about long-term continuity even though they were derived from the same basic theoretical principles. Wilfred? Each model assumes that individual differences in attachment representations are shaped by variation in experiences with caregivers in early childhood, and that, in turn, these early representations shape the quality of the individual's subsequent attachment experiences. However, one model assumes that existing representations are updated and Essay on Literature for Improving Serial Number revised in light of new experiences such that older representations are eventually overwritten. Mathematical analyses revealed that this model predicts that the owen themes, long-term stability of individual differences will approach zero. The second model is similar to the first, but makes the Review, additional assumption that representational models developed in the first year of life are preserved (i.e., they are not overwritten) and continue to influence relational behavior throughout the life course. Analyses of this model revealed that long-term stability can approach a non-zero limiting value. The important point here is that the wilfred owen themes, principles of Essay on Literature Review for Improving Serial Number Tracking attachment theory can be used to wilfred themes derive developmental models that make strikingly different predictions about the long-term stability of individual differences.

In light of this finding, the existence of Essay Review for Improving Serial Number Tracking long-term stability of individual differences should be considered an wilfred owen, empirical question rather than an assumption of the theory. Outstanding Questions and Future Directions for Research on Adult Attachment. There are a number of questions that current and future research on Essay, attachment needs to wilfred owen themes address. For example, it is probably the case that, while some romantic relationships are genuine attachment relationships, others are not. It will be necessary for future researchers to find ways to better determine whether a relationship is actually serving attachment-related functions. Second, although it is clear why attachment behavior may serve an important evolutionary function in infancy, it is not clear whether attachment serves an important evolutionary function among adults. Third, we still don't have a strong understanding of the precise factors that may change a person's attachment style.

In the interest of improving people's lives, it will be necessary to learn more about the factors that promote attachment security and relational well-being.