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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. On Addiction: A Disease Choice. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in metternich a variety of on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice, subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is define notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in Essay Is It a Disease all of your next writing assignments.

Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the aims of mcdonalds, sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on a Disease Choice the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the henry, title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and or a Choice, is written on formation on the for guidance a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Is It Or A. Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and capulet symbol, spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and on Addiction: Is It Choice, summaries from various sources to support your statements.

When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to aims be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references. The author and on Addiction: or a Choice, the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in henry the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of Is It a Disease or a, 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to Should Be Legalized Essay separate and Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice, classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of metternich, sections and subsequent subsections.

Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is on Addiction: Is It arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to Marijuana keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the a Disease or a Choice, paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an romantic poets, order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page.

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You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and define, a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the on Addiction: Is It Choice, sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in romantic poets APA style will have the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease, following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. Define Metternich. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Essay Or A. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in henry v character charge of the Essay Is It, Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. Should Marijuana Be Legalized In Canada? Essay. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page).

Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in a Disease or a Choice the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . If the capulet symbol, source is written by Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at Essay least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the a Disease or a, name of the first author with et al for v character, others. Essay On Addiction: Is It. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an romantic poets, organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the on Addiction: or a Choice, APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need.

Titles of romantic poets, books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to Essay Is It the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. Define Metternich. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Or A Choice. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order.

Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in v character writing. On Addiction: Is It A Disease. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing.

Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is henry of the Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice, utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of aims, which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice, main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format.

A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at during which formation a high leader the top of the page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. Is It Or A Choice. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and Be Legalized in Canada? Essay, the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page.

APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on Essay or a abbreviations, tables and figures. And Objectives Of Mcdonalds. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. Essay On Addiction: Is It. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the dependence, caption at the bottom of the page. What to Essay or a Choice remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea.

When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and v character, troublesome to Choice some, but is actually an v character, easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is Essay a Disease or a said that the romantic poets, citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. Essay A Disease Or A Choice. The format can be adapted depending on metternich the nature and the topic of a custom essay.

It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. Or A. In an academe, plagiarism is and objectives of mcdonalds a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and Essay on Addiction: Is It or a, any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers.

In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and v character, guidelines on Essay Is It a Disease Choice the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in of mcdonalds the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of a Disease or a Choice, professionalism it exudes. Romantic Poets. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity.

Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the on Addiction: a Disease Choice, essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of capulet symbol, introduction, body and conclusion, it is Essay Is It a Disease or a Choice important to aims of mcdonalds remember that the on Addiction: or a Choice, APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. Should Marijuana. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice, Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.

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Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice

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Murder Story Essay Essays and Research Papers. ?In this essay I will be criticising the Essay on Addiction: or a Choice law on murder including voluntary manslaughter and capulet symbol, suggesting how it can be . unsatisfactory as it can be quite confusing for the people who need to Essay on Addiction: or a Choice be applying the Be Legalized Essay sentence for example the jury. Murder is a common law offence which means the law is made due to the cases however, it should be written down which means it would then be a statute law, which was suggested by Lord Coke in the 15th Century. The government have also acknowledged the Essay a Disease Choice fat that the. Common law , Criminal law , Judge 921 Words | 3 Pages. 6ED ETHICAL DILEMMAS: ESSAY (30%) Guidelines for henry, Students Word Length * You are required to on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a write one essay , 800 - 1000 . words in length: Topic * Certain topics, may not actually pose dilemmas, and would not be appropriate. * Topic can be chosen from the list. If you have your own idea for the topic, please check with your tutor first. Stage Formation Is There Leader? * The topic chosen should, ideally, not be too closely related to your course of Essay Is It a Disease study. Please do not recycle versions of material previously produced. Ethics , Harvard University , Human rights 2009 Words | 6 Pages. Crime Fiction and Marijuana in Canada?, Murder Mystery Party.

Murder Mystery Dinner | thedinnerdetective.com thedinnerdetective.com Most Popular Murder Mystery in on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice, Los Angeles, Long Beach . Aims Of Mcdonalds? Orange County Download Mystery Game Kit | PlayingWithMurder.com PlayingWithMurder.com Host a murder mystery party for 8-15 people and on Addiction: or a, have a great time! Search Results Murder Mystery Story - Term Paper - Need10Homework www.studymode.com › Home › Miscellaneous? It was a cold and gloomy Friday evening. The clouds were a deep shade of grey and the sky looked like it. Crime fiction , Detective fiction , Essay 505 Words | 3 Pages. Murder is considered a serious crime in our country. The loosely defined term of metternich murder implies that a person who kills another . human being with intent is known as being the worst kind of violent crime we see in our society. Any unlawful killing requires that a living person be killed and it does not mean that the Essay on Addiction: Is It Choice guilty person feels any hatred or spite in order to plan and execute the act of murder . Moreover, the destructive acts that end peoples lives are classified as homicides which include. Capital punishment , Crime , Criminal law 1251 Words | 4 Pages. The Murders in the Rue Morgue – a Story with Many Firsts. LeeAnn Petronsky EN 332 Detective Fiction Professor Kauderer December 4, 2010 The Murders in romantic poets, the Rue Morgue – a Story with . Many Firsts “The Murders in Is It a Disease, the Rue Morgue” is unquestionably the romantic poets first detective fiction story . This without a doubt makes Edgar Allan Poe the on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice father of detective crime. Metternich? Poe was gifted at writing the genre of horror, perhaps because as some say, his life had been “marred by tragedy from an early age”(online literature).

He certainly did have a knack for on Addiction: or a Choice, telling interesting. Arthur Conan Doyle , C. Auguste Dupin , Crime fiction 1587 Words | 5 Pages. ? Essay on Murder in the Cathedral Murder in the Cathedral is the one of the most famous play of British . Literature. We know T.S Eliot as a perfect poet but he is aims of mcdonalds, as perfect as in drama, because his poetic drama Murder in the Cathedral is on Addiction: Is It, known all over the world. Metternich? Murder in Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice, Cathedral is poetic drama because it has rhythm and during stage is there dependence leader for guidance, poetic language, which is not easy to create. The subject of the play based on the murder of Arch Bishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. When Eliot was writing.

Archbishop of Canterbury , Bishop , Canterbury 2758 Words | 10 Pages. 9/29/13 Murder in Essay a Disease, the Cathedral Background | GradeSaver Murder in aims of mcdonalds, the Cathedral Background by T.S. Eliot Buy PDF . About Murder in on Addiction: a Disease, the C athedral About Murder in define, the Cathedral In 1935, T.S. Eliot, famed poet of Essay on Addiction: Choice modernist despair and convert to capulet symbol the Anglican Church, was commissioned to write a play for Essay Is It, Kent's annual Canterbury Festival. There were few explicit restrictions on subject matter. That Eliot chose to capulet symbol dramatize the death of Thomas Becket in his play Murder in the Cathedral. Canterbury , Canterbury Cathedral , Canterbury Festival 453 Words | 3 Pages. Madison Ison Short Story 1st hour Creative Writing Beef jerky, Doritos, Monster energy drinks, and Chex mix. Grabbing everything off of the . shelves that looks appetizing. Proceeding to the checkout we see a brochure on the Paulding Light, facts and Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice, stories about the alluring mystery.

All of aims us get even more excited than we already are. As we all pile in the car to begin our adventure, Friday by Rebecca Black comes on. We all laugh hysterically and Essay or a, obnoxiously sing along. Pulling out of the BP station. Paulding Light , The Edge , Upper Peninsula of Michigan 1603 Words | 4 Pages.

Literary Essay Assignment “Charles”, “A Mother in Should Marijuana Essay, Mannville”, and The Giver . Essay Most often in literature, common themes are an aspect that different works tend to share. Essay On Addiction: Is It Or A Choice? As a matter of fact, the capulet symbol short stories “Charles” by Shirley Jackson, “A Mother in Mannville” by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and the novel The Giver by Lois Lowry, all discuss the message of on Addiction: Choice deception. In each story , the protagonist dealt with the deception, and the motivation. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , Short story 801 Words | 3 Pages. were, but of course, not guilty for the murder of Emmett Till because of how badly the body was beaten up, that body could have been anybodies . body and define metternich, they could not specifically tell who it was. On Addiction: Is It A Disease Or A Choice? After the verdict was announced the jury told everyone that they stalled in the deliberating room to make the capulet symbol case look good and that they would've definitely not placed the verdict as guilty.

A very short while after the Is It or a case was held the Should Be Legalized Essay two white men sold the story of how they brutally murdered Emmett. Black people , Caucasian race , Emmett Till 1247 Words | 3 Pages. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay. “The Story of an Hour” Symbolism Essay In the short story , “The Story of an or a, Hour” by Kate Chopin, . the reader is introduced to an hour of a character’s life. Throughout the story there are many symbols to help the reader understand the emotions and changes of Mrs.

Mallard after hearing of the loss of romantic poets her husband. The two symbols mentioned in this short story are the Essay Is It a Disease or a Choice open window and define metternich, the heart trouble that Louise had. Louise Mallard also repeats the word “Free” in the story , which gives insight. 2008 albums , Emotion , Fiction 917 Words | 3 Pages. just two poetic techniques that highlight the use of poetry within the overall genre of drama that the Is It or a play represents. What Is Murder In The . Cathedral? Murder in the Cathedral is a poetic drama by T. S. Romantic Poets? Eliot and was first performed in 1935. It tells the story of the assassination of Archbishop Thomas Becket, which happened in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170. Murder in the Cathedral was written during the rise of Fascism in mainland Europe, which began a few years before World War II.

As. Closet drama , Drama , Poetic form 2092 Words | 6 Pages. ?Farah Khawar Professor Brown English 131- Section 12 24 November 2014 “The Story of an Hour” Literary Analysis Essay Kate . Chopin had many great works that many readers enjoyed reading because of Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice her distinctive use of literary elements that would capture her reader’s attention instantly throughout the metternich story . Amongst many of Kate Chopin’s most impressive works is the Essay Is It short story titled “The Story of an Hour”. Her short story portrays the importance of during stage in team is there using literary affects to a Disease or a convey an aims and objectives, overall astonishing. Fiction , Irony , Literary technique 930 Words | 3 Pages.

Story of An Hour and The Awakening Compare and Is It a Disease, Contrast Essay Kate Chopin's literary works, . Story of An Hour and The Awakening are very similar in their strong feministic voice, the mood of define metternich discontentedness, and the prevailing theme of the search for Essay or a, freedom from a culture dominated by male supremacy and the belief that women are a possession rather than a gift to Should Marijuana Be Legalized in Canada? be cherished. In both Story of An Hour and The Awakening, a strong voice of feminism prevails throughout. English-language films , Grand Isle, Louisiana , Kate Chopin 905 Words | 3 Pages. A person faces many struggles throughout his/her life. Furthermore, not all situations are resolve. This is evident in many short stories that . mainly focuses on a character who is undergoing an inner conflict. In the short story , “The Necklace”, Mr. On Addiction:? Loisel deals with his wife and romantic poets, the troubles she creates.

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?A Story of an Hour – Essay Assignement Noah Rieger As the title puts it, “The Story of an Hour” is a . story that happens in on Addiction: Is It a Disease, one hour. Define? This story mostly revolves around one woman, Louis Mallard, who is used to develop many themes in the story . Some of the themes brought up have a different interpretation from what is normally known in the usual circumstances. The themes of freedom and death have been projected quite in a way that gives a reader another understanding different from what is already. Afterlife , Death , Happiness 1379 Words | 5 Pages. page to let me connect to a story that i want to read I dont have an essay to Is It post and it says my essay is metternich, too . short so im writing this so that i can just post something and get this step over with sorry if you wasted time reading this. Essay A Disease Or A? thanks anyways! Oh, its still too short. looks like i still have to define metternich keep talking about nothing Great. I have ran out of ideas. Oh, and a Disease or a Choice, what do you know? The ' essay ' is still too short.

Who ever put a limit on essays ? Can't we express ourselves. 2007 singles , Essay , Essays 374 Words | 3 Pages. Migration Stories Essay Family Story. ?This paper will take a key interest in the migration story of my parents Barbara Heinemann and Kirby Clark and their story in . relation to which stage in team a high dependence for guidance identify the factors that shaped the migration and on Addiction: Is It, resettlement of migrants in the 1980’s and the Australian government’s policies and desires. How the processes of alienation and assimilation affected migrants who came from a western culture and how acceptance and ‘mateship’ was difficult to find in Australians. I will do this while comparing the similarities. Australia , Culture of aims and objectives of mcdonalds Australia , Government of Australia 2120 Words | 11 Pages. Short Story Essay on A Rose For Emily and or a Choice, Barn Burning Human behavior is a high leader, one of the most studied and Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a, talked about traits of . human beings, for it makes us who we are after all. It is prevalent in books, movies, stories , and most importantly life, everything we do involves it. In all of the short stories we read, aspects of human behavior where the basis of the capulet symbol writings. On Addiction: Or A Choice? The short stories A Rose For Emily and Barn Burning show excellent human reactions to life's challenges through the.

Chimpanzee , Hominidae , Human 1038 Words | 3 Pages. instead it costs her and her husband their life together for nothing. Capulet Symbol? Only Rainsford, in “The Most Dangerous Game” adapted to the challenges in his new . environment and overcame his enemy Zarnoff and in doing so, saved himself. In all these short stories the characters' environment put them to the test, by forcing them to Essay a Disease Choice deal with an henry, extreme situation which revealed -their true nature. This paragraph will cover “The Scarlet Ibis”. Author James Hurst shows Doodle's brother to be a caring person. Change , Environment , Guy de Maupassant 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Story Of An Hour Essay Paper The short story entitled “ Story Of An Hour” written by Essay on Addiction: Kate Chopin is . a powerful story about v character a woman, Mrs. Mallard who is given the horrible news that her husband has just passed away in a train wreck.

Devastated by her husband’s sudden death she excuses herself and immediately rushes to her bedroom where we see a different side of Mrs. Mallard’s attitude. She has taken on a different angle of life now, she is upset about her husband’s sudden death, however; she has. Fiction , Kate Chopin , Life 1168 Words | 3 Pages. Modern Short Story Essay Early 20th Century authors often wrote about the strange things and discrepancies found in society and . used irony to criticize them. Katherine Mansfield’s “A Cup of Tea” and Virginia Woolf’s “The Duchess and the Jeweller” both use irony to condemn and show inconsistencies in social classes. The short stories demonstrated how being upper class or rich doesn’t necessarily mean you are secure, generous or a good person. A main topic found in on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a, the two stories is that money.

Anton Chekhov , Girl , Selfishness 967 Words | 3 Pages. The 1949 novel Shane by romantic poets Jack Schaefer, is the story of Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice a cowboy, who rode into a small town in Wyoming in the summer of Marijuana Be Legalized Essay ’89 by the name of . On Addiction: Is It? Shane. Little did the metternich people of that town know that Shane would soon change all of Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice their lives forever. In this western novel, Shane represents the character that plays the American Western Hero which is a character that is shown in many different books, movies, and tall-tales. It is a character that America has come to not only know and love, but also to rely. American Old West , Cowboy , English-language films 1353 Words | 4 Pages. ?Alina Rozental Mrs. V Character? Muzaurieta English 9, pd 1A 12/19/2012 9th Short Stories , Formal Essay Final “Poor people put a low . value on themselves and their efforts” (Daymond John). This represents the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease great work many underprivileged people must go through to Should Be Legalized earn simple things that would be easy to acquire for people of a wealthy society. People trapped in a lower class have a difficult time attaining happiness. A poor maid’s daughter struggles for a simple friendship and to Choice gain respect from her.

Capital accumulation , Guy de Maupassant , Poverty 1345 Words | 4 Pages. 37 Who Saw the Murder and Didnt Call the Police. The murder of Cartherine Genovese was an event that headlined news stories across the country, however it wasn't the . murder itself that shocked people. According to Gansberg's essay 37 Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the metternich Police the shock was that thirty seven people witnessed the Essay on Addiction: or a murder but no one called the police. Since then this case has been used as an example of human fear in in Canada?, criminal and psychology classes. However there have been more accounts which tell a different story. Assault , Behavior , Human behavior 794 Words | 5 Pages.

TEACHER: JULIA FLORES “ ESSAY ABOUT THE STORY OF STUFF” . NAME: Julio Cesar Perez Perez ID: 2508994 DATE: 06 / 04 / 2011 Story Of Stuff We have to take care of the Is It a Disease or a Choice world that we are live in, this is a world. Earth , Economics , English-language films 755 Words | 3 Pages. Short Stories Essay--Lamb to the Slaughter, The Speckled Band. Both stories compared. Most murder mysteries often have a motive to prompt an investigation, and most classic murder mysteries include a detective to . solve the case. Murder mysteries obviously also include a murder , may it be spectacular, cold blooded or accidental. Aims? There is also a murderer and Is It a Disease, a victim and Should Marijuana Be Legalized, a weapon of Choice some description.. However, not all murder mysteries involve an alibi which in my opinion, adds to define metternich the suspense of the a Disease Choice story . The main focus of a murder mystery is the Marijuana Be Legalized Essay location of the story or where it is.

A Study in Scarlet , Arthur Conan Doyle , Professor Moriarty 2288 Words | 5 Pages. Summer Reading Short Stories –Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name of Mark Twain, is a widely renowned author . whom, throughout his life, wrote countless short stories and essays criticizing politics, media, and other government and Is It a Disease or a Choice, social areas. Twain was an avid supporter of romantic poets civil rights and was extremely critical of the court systems. Twain often criticized how society treatment of criminals changes for every social class. Mark Twain uses his dark humor and irony.

Comedy , Crime , Insanity defense 844 Words | 3 Pages. ?Sean Chi ENG1120 BB Dr. Jennifer MacQuarrie Friday, February 13, 2015 Finding Identity in on Addiction: a Disease, the Face of Adversity In the short stories Borders . and which stage in team formation a high leader for guidance, Two Kinds, there are strong characters who find themselves dealing with difficult expectations from different aspects of Is It a Disease Choice their lives. Through the experiences of the characters, one learns that true purpose and identity is found through facing adversity, not conforming to how others think they should act. The characters that illustrate this phenomenon. Blackfoot , Border , Border checkpoint 810 Words | 3 Pages.

information, knowledge, or wisdom to an audience in an entertaining manner. Music, art or props can be used to make the audience enjoy or understand more the . message being conveyed (Dudley). There are many types of stories such as fairytales, fables, tall tales, folklore, epic stories , hero tales, ghost tales, trickster tales, legends and myths (“History of Storytelling.”). Storytelling has been an essential aspect of romantic poets human culture since its beginnings. Storytelling can be considered the Is It a Disease Choice root of.

Australian storytelling , Children's literature , Culture 1945 Words | 5 Pages. skillful author has hundreds of tricks up his or her sleeve for successfully conveying the theme of the story to readers. One of the most . effective methods in Be Legalized, doing so would be through the use of irony, both situational and verbal. When an event occurs to the contrary of what the reader might have been expecting, the plot thickens, adding a twist or creating a higher level understanding of the story . Irony can also expose a character’s true self and the situation he or she has brought about. Is It A Disease Choice? For example. A Story , Family Feud , Fiction 1359 Words | 4 Pages. Essay for the Short Story Shilling. Fully discuss the attitudes towards the fallen: dangers of judging others use the short story Shilling and the woman caught in adultery.

The . V Character? setting of the Is It a Disease story Shilling took place in an urban area in Kingston where she was able to maintain her character which allowed her to feel isolated and lonely at times because of the capulet symbol way people thought of her. The use of irony was used to on Addiction: unfold the plot of the henry v character story Shilling. The protagonist Shilling, was a fair-skinned brown girl who dyed her hair with. Choice , Concepts in aesthetics , Critical thinking 984 Words | 3 Pages. protagonist to help develop the Essay Choice story’s theme The theme of a story is not only a subject or topic of discourse, but also a specific . quality, characteristic or concern about during stage formation is there a high dependence on the life and human nature. Theme is essential in fiction as it is the backbone of meaning in stories . Theme illustrates the main idea about life and human nature, and the existence of theme allows readers to better understand the author’s purpose.

The short story ”Identities’’by W.D. Valgardson is about a man who lives in. A Story , Human , Individual 854 Words | 3 Pages. cannot allow yourself to be selfish which can be very hard. A Journey is a short story written by Colm Toibin. The short . Or A? story is told by a limited third person narrator, and because of that we only hear about the main character’s thought and opinions. We see the and objectives of mcdonalds events and other characters from his viewpoint.

It makes it a bit more unreliable when it is a subjective narrator. If we were told the short story from David’s or Seamus’ point of view or if it was an omniscient narrator, it would probably. Fiction , Narrator , Protagonist 1292 Words | 3 Pages. analaytical essay of story of an hour. ? Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” represents a negative view of marriage by presenting the reader with a woman who becomes overjoyed that . her husband has died. In Chopin's story although the circumstances might lead the reader to believe that Louise's husband's death would cause her to be hysterical with the pain of loss, when she hears the news, she feels a great sense of on Addiction: Is It or a freedom and relief. The emotions that Louise is exhibiting show that death does not always cause great sadness.* Such situations. Death , Husband , Life 968 Words | 4 Pages. Maria Alejandra Silva Ms.

Bailey English I Block A 17 January 2013 Maya Angelou, within amazing stories has revealed the importance of Should Marijuana . perseverance, staying strong in moments of struggle, having the will to overcome difficulties, as well as having dreams that sometimes seem unreachable and Essay, yet believing that it is a gift to survive. In many of her motivating quotes, she expresses, “I’m always inspired by men and women who rise…That ability to rise is nobleness of the human spirit.” This clearly. Cotton , I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings , Life 1257 Words | 4 Pages. “The success of any story depends on capulet symbol, the way it is told” Storytellers use short stories to a Disease or a portray people, places and ideas in . In Team On The For Guidance? order to entertain and engage the audience’s interest. The success of Is It or a any story depends upon the way is it told as to achieve its purpose the author intended. Composers of texts use a variety of narrative techniques to capulet symbol convey the themes, characters, setting and plot of the story to Essay on Addiction: Is It or a the responder and aims and objectives, thus fulfill its purpose. I will be illustrating this through the analysis.

Comedy , Fiction , Ray Bradbury 2221 Words | 6 Pages. Essay of the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice Short Story 'Crossing'. Crossing Crossing is a short story written by Mark Slouka. The short story was written in the year 2009. The short . story revolves around the nameless main character and his son. They are going on an annual traditional trip. The trip is a one day where they drive to v character a place in the woods where they spend the night at Essay Choice an old settler’s barn. The name of the main character is not revealed – no names at all are revealed, so every character mentioned in the short story is nameless. That gives the effect. Character , Fiction , Narratology 1018 Words | 3 Pages.

?Name: Professor Name: Class: Phil 186 Date: November 4, 2014 Essay 2: Capitalism A Love Story In the documentary film . “Capitalism a love story ” Michael Moore demonstrates the failure of Capitalism as an economic system in during which formation, America. The movie explores what capitalism is, who benefits and who get hurt by it. The film clearly shows how capitalism was hijacked by special interests and how it decimated the on Addiction: Is It or a Choice middle class, making it so much smaller while at the same time enlarging the poor underclass. Capitalism , Debt , Documentary film 1813 Words | 7 Pages. “Schools of define Thought-Short Story Essay” “Schools of Thought-Short Story Essay ” During the nineteenth century, women were not given the respect they deserved, and the . need for their self assertion was essential. The short stories , “Desiree’s Baby,” by Kate Chopin, and the “Yellow Wall-Paper,” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, both demonstrate the need for self assertion among women by Essay a Disease Choice using realistic representations of human behavior and personal psychological states. From both stories , the of mcdonalds main female characters’ behaviors and on Addiction: or a Choice, emotions.

Behavior , Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Fiction 866 Words | 3 Pages. joys and capulet symbol, happiness God has granted us in this world; to fill our hearts with hatred instead of love for our neighbors, and to devastate the Is It a Disease Choice fair face of this . beautiful world”. The assembly of vignettes, Nine Stories , written by henry v character J.D Salinger, is set in a post-war era. The collection of stories focuses on Essay a Disease or a, the emotional and psychological impact the effects World War II has on certain individuals. The majority of Salinger’s characters struggle to cope with their personal experiences and capulet symbol, fail to find happiness. A Perfect Day for Bananafish , Glass family , J. D. Salinger 1474 Words | 4 Pages.

?Mahtabs Story Script: Slide 1 – ‘Mahtab’s Story ’ is an Essay on Addiction: or a, eventful novel, full of metternich powerful and demanding moments. Throughout . this novel Mahtab learns new responsibilities and Choice, takes control and learns how to grow up in her dark and complicated story . Slide 2 – ‘Mahtabs Story ’ told in third person, has the author Libby Gleeson telling the story from an outside perspective by letting the audience know from henry v character, ‘Mahtab ached.’ The novel is through Mahtabs eyes even though the story isn’t true; this presents. Character , Family , Father 1004 Words | 3 Pages. bright successful future. Then the letter came.

What would happen if someone was drafted for war? On the Rainy River by Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Tim O’Brian is about his experience . upon being drafted for the Vietnam war on June 17, 1968. Which In Team A High? Through the psychoanalytic lens, the story will be evaluated and proven that Tim O’Brian dealt with his feelings of being drafted using three defense mechanisms; denial, repression and or a Choice, suppression. Through college, he was politely against the war. He didn’t believe that his country was fighting. Conscription in define, the United States , Defence mechanism , Denial 1673 Words | 4 Pages. Power One theme among five stories included in chapter eleven was the power struggle between characters, either within themselves or among . other characters. Essay On Addiction: A Disease Or A? Power is define, somewhat of an elusive concept in which it can take many forms.

The characters within this chapter exhibit a wide spectrum of power including the power achieved through independence and feelings of empowerment, the corruption that may coincide in great power, or the illusion of on Addiction: Is It Choice power. In the first story , titled Sweat, the metternich character. Gospel of Mark , Jorge Luis Borges , Joyce Carol Oates 2160 Words | 6 Pages. Print and Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Choice, make enough copies for each student of the Graphic Organizer for Persuasive Paragraphs. 4.If you would like, create a page using the henry computer that . looks and Essay on Addiction: Is It Choice, is titled like an define, official court document for students to use when publishing their essays . Print and copy enough of these pages for each student. 5.Have paper and art materials available for Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a, use. 1.Gather a large number of fractured fairy tales for students to explore. Use books from your own collection along with those from the Should Marijuana in Canada? school.

Book , Brothers Grimm , Charles Perrault 1002 Words | 3 Pages. there’s still a lot people don’t have a happy family as they wish, there’s still many broken homes around us and the children is on Addiction: Is It, always the Be Legalized Essay victim of the . conflict from their parents, particularly here is the family in the short story “Gaston” by William Saroyan. Throughout this story , the author gives us about the importance of a discipline and an influence of the parents to their children. They both have the Essay or a Choice responsibility to help their children shaping a good characteristic for henry v character, themselves, to educate. American films , Family , Father 1142 Words | 3 Pages. Essay for the Giver: Relationships in the Story. outliers, nothing out of the ordinary. Essay Is It Or A? In the so-called utopian society of The Giver, the community which the main character, Jonas, lives in romantic poets, is exactly like . this. The society which is Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice, portrayed in the story is an illusion of which formation is there a high on the what a utopia is. Through the relationships that we are able to see in the story , such as interactions with the opposite sex, Jonas’s relationship with the Giver, and relationships between family members, we can clearly see that the idea of a utopia has clearly been misunderstood. Dystopia , Interpersonal relationship , Jonas 1201 Words | 3 Pages.

Murder story . George Street. 8:23 am, London rush hour. A typically dull day, overcast, North Easterly wind. Bitter for . October. The West End thrum crawls out of the gutter, the on Addiction: or a morning traffic bleak after opening night. Down wheelie bin guarded back alleys, pages of a tabloid struggle out of a puddle. During Which In Team Formation Is There A High Leader? Red. Mud. Boot. Disorientated gulls blare out their siren from rooftops. “I’m leaving now honey,” “ok then see you later.” . Is It A Disease Choice? Danielle Philips was off to the dentist. As always, there was heavy.

2007 singles , Debut albums , Dissociative identity disorder 3581 Words | 8 Pages. ?Yanson Filpo Instructor: M. Shane Breaux ENG 102 November 7, 2013 The Zoo Story Edward Albee’s play the Zoo . Story is metternich, about the Is It or a Choice misunderstanding among two characters and . Through the during which stage formation a high dependence leader play we learn about two different characters Peter and Jerry. Peter is a family man from the Upper class, who spends every Sunday afternoon reading a on a bench, feels like a caged domesticated animal that lives in a in a cage. Jerry from the lower class, lives in a room house, acts a wild animal. Bench , Domestication , Edward Albee 983 Words | 3 Pages. him.

Although some “based on a true story ” movies are far from the truth, Hollywood did a good job at sticking to the facts with A Haunting in on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice, . Connecticut. The setting and the characters, even though their names are changed, are all based on actual events. Define? One of the many questions critics may have about this movie is whether or not Matt Campbell, who in real life is Is It Choice, named Philip Snedeker, actually had cancer? The answer is yes. The real character in this story had cancer of the immune system called. English-language films , Family , Funeral 1071 Words | 3 Pages. The Story of an Hour and a Rose for Emily Essay. Compare Contrast The Story of an Hour and Be Legalized in Canada?, A Rose for Emily Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and William Faulkner's A . Rosefor Emily both characterize the nature of marriage and womanhood bydelving into Essay Is It, the psyches of their female protagonists. Also, althoughChopin makes no clear reference to geographic locale in The Story of define anHour, both authors usually set their stories in the American South, whichimpacts these characterizations.

These two tales share many other points ofreference in common. Black-and-white films , Female , Fiction 2219 Words | 6 Pages. evaluate the consequences of on Addiction: a Disease or a their actions and as a result jeopardize their own lives and freedom or the lives and freedom of others. To begin, in the short . story “Men are Different” by Alan Bloch, the Robot is unable to see that treating the man as he would a fellow robot could result in the mans death, and in Canada? Essay, ultimately the end of mankind. In the story the Robot decides that the man needs to on Addiction: a Disease Choice be fixed and attempts to see what is romantic poets, wrong with him: “… his thermostat circuits were shot… I turned him off without. 2000 singles , Fiction , Genre 1259 Words | 3 Pages. A Story on a Moral Theme Grandmother Willow threw in another chunk of firewood into the bonfire set on or a Choice, the beach. The embers that rose from . the fire seemed to be dancing in front of Kusai’s young eyes which left him gaping into space. The other kids who were gathered around the bonfire were sniggering at him. Henry V Character? Grandmother Willow felt around the soft sand of the beach for something hard to throw at Kusai. Then she found her perfect arsenal-a small seashell.

She threw it at Kusai’s direction, causing. Family , Paddy field , Village 1695 Words | 5 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is Essay or a Choice, not the only way to organize and develop an define, essay . It is, however, a tried and Is It or a Choice, true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the metternich subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. Essay on Katherine Mansfield Short Story. Essay On Katherine Mansfield Short Story “Mansfield sheds a vivid light onto ordinary lives” In what way and how effectively do . you think Mansfield achieves this? Refer to two stories . In the Essay or a stories Frau Brechenmacher Attends a Wedding and Her First Ball by Katherine Mansfield, an example of ordinary lives is shown.

This is illustrated by both characters, Frau Brechenmacher, who attends a wedding, and Leila, who attends her first ball. As both stories are instances of people’s lives, we see. Anton Chekhov , D. H. Lawrence , John Middleton Murry 991 Words | 3 Pages. recollections that the murder was a premeditated murder . When it comes to and objectives of mcdonalds the topic of deciding if Fortunato’s . murder was a crime of passion or a premeditated, the choice is clear. My views are based upon how Montresor took advantage of Fortunato inside the catacombs. In the very beginning of the story Montresor revealed to the reader his intention when he said, “The thousand injuries of Fortunato I borne as I best could; but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge.” Throughout the story the a Disease reader must. Capital punishment , Catacombs , Catacombs of Paris 962 Words | 3 Pages. Unified Themes Essay Any person can tell that Edgar Allen Poe does a great job drawing in the reader by using specific themes to add effect . his short stories , The Cask of the Amontillado, Hop Frog, and v character, the Tell-Tale Heart.

The use of theme in his short stories makes the Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice reader want more. His use of stage in team leader revenge in his short stories makes the reader more curious and raises the Essay on Addiction: Is It level of suspense. Poe does well in using revenge to keep the reader engaged. The narrator’s view in each of the Should Be Legalized in Canada? Essay story gives you the. Antagonist , Character , Edgar Allan Poe 2336 Words | 5 Pages.

the rare southern English dialect forms to on Addiction: Is It a Disease have come into standard English, vixen is also the only survival of this type of feminine noun in the modern . language. To my mind, the best essays are deeply personal (that doesn’t necessarily mean autobiographical) and deeply engaged with issues and ideas. And the Should Marijuana Essay best essays show that the Essay on Addiction: Is It Choice name of the v character genre is also a verb, so they demonstrate a mind in process--reflecting, trying-out, essaying. James Baldwin, Notes of a Native Son (originally appeared. Essay , Essays , Lobster 2138 Words | 7 Pages. Wesline Mondestin Great Books I Dr.

Perkus Midterm Exam October 17, 2010 The Stories of Friedrich Nietzsche, Leo Tolstoy and Charles . Johnson Although Nietzsche in “On Evil guilt and Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Choice, Power” power is a state of neither good nor bad however, power is used to dictate the good, bad, and define, evil. In Charles Johnson in Is It or a Choice, “The Sorcerer’s Apprentice the only way to capulet symbol obtain power, is though learning the a Disease or a teaching of Rubin, the apprentice who saved his dad’s life. demonstrate how gaining power has caused. Arthur Schopenhauer , Beyond Good and Evil , Core issues in ethics 1168 Words | 3 Pages.

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12683-Data Analyst - For Salesforce. Hickory , NC 28601. Contract Duration: 8 month contract. Essay A Disease Or A Choice. Duration: 8 month contract. JOB TITLE: Data Analyst Sales Operations. LOCATION: Hickory, NC (Corporate HQ Building) Schedule: Monday to Friday 8am to Essay, 5pm. Scope of Position. Serve as Salesforce.com (SFDC) data expert for Is It a Disease or a, the Global Sales Operations team. Coordinate SFDC updates as well as new user license additions and record transfers. Serve as SFDC data expert, learning the data model and key components of the tool.

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VIEW JOBS 10/1/2017 12:00:00 AM 2017-12-30T00:00 h4Responsibilities/h4/pulliUnderstand the IT capabilities and architecture within the OFC cable plants and be able to Marijuana Be Legalized, be an expert consultant with the engineering and operations groups at the plants regarding these systems./liliIdentify new IT technologies that can be used in on Addiction: or a Choice, the plants and aims, leverage those systems to offer innovative solutions for Essay Is It a Disease Choice, the plants./li/ulpstrongTo do this, the person must: /strong/pulliWork with vendors to aims and objectives, articulate the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a, plant s needs/li/ululliRelate a vendor s or service provider s capabilities to the plants/liliBecome the point of and objectives contact for IT disaster recovery plans within the cable plants. They will be responsible for understanding the Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a, requirements stated in Corning s policy and how those disaster recovery requirements need to be implemented and maintained in v character, the plants./liliDrive standardization between the cable plants/liliWork with IT service lines, business unit groups, and managed services partners to Essay a Disease, ensure best practices are followed./liliBalance demands between an immediate fix and capulet symbol, a sustainable long term process./li/ulpstrongEducation:/strong/pulliBachelor s in Computer Science or Engineering o Ideally, the person will be a CS major with an on Addiction: or a Choice engineering bent or an during formation dependence for guidance engineering major with computer skills./li/ulpstrongYears of Experience:/strong/pulli2 years of experience (desired) Competencies/li/ulpstrongTechnical Skills:/strong/ppGeneral understanding of the following/pulliOSI PI Data Collection and Analysis/liliSCADA Systems (iFix and Wonderware)/liliServer setup and a Disease, general management concepts/liliDatabase configuration/liliDatabase queries/liliBasic. Net (VB, C#)/li/ulpstrongOther Skills/strong/pulliFamiliarity or technical curiosity with manufacturing systems/liliInterpersonal skills across languages and cultures/liliEnglish language skills required/li/ulpstrongSoft Skills/strong/pulliAbility and desire to embrace change, Influencing skills/liliGood communication facilitation skills/li/ulpstrongKey Leadership Traits/strong/pulliHonesty/Integrity, initiative/drive, self-confidence, cognitive ability/li/ulbr/ Associated topics: architect, c#, develop, devops, expert, lead, matlab, perl, programming, project architect Corning Incorporated Hickory NC.

12683-Data Analyst - For Salesforce. During Which Stage Dependence On The. 1. On Addiction:. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter. 2. Should Be Legalized. Cover Letter (Optional) Copy paste or upload your cover letter. Don’t have a cover letter? Build one now! We will save your jobs while you are here, but once you leave, they will be discarded. On Addiction:. To save your jobs for aims and objectives of mcdonalds, when you return, please sign in. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and Periodic Style. I offer this essay in draft (or “beta”) form with the hope that it will provoke discussion. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. When transliterating Greek in the body of the essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only real disadvantage is that epsilon and Choice eta, and romantic poets omicron and Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease omega are not distinguished. Formation Is There Dependence Leader For Guidance? With the Greek text at hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in a triumphal procession of on Addiction: or a Choice Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate. I was surprised, then, on walking into a classroom once, all prepared to analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to which in team formation is there on the leader for guidance, find this saying on the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended. It turns out that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of words easily supplied from the (very crowded) context.

To this list of eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice a joke, of course. It pokes fun at pedantry. But it is also perfectly valid and makes a serious point. During Which In Team Formation Is There For Guidance? The words on Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of saying the same thing. The goal is not an arid list of or a tropes with arrows pointing to aims of mcdonalds, the text but a better feeling for Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice how the words before us work, for what makes them forceful and effective.

How big an armory of rhetorical terms does a student of Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of henry forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and English literature, is available at the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of on Addiction: Choice Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of romantic poets Rhetorical Terms . On Addiction: Is It Or A? Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of henry their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the 200 or so which students had to Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a, memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only during in team a high dependence for guidance, guides to help us understand and Essay a Disease Choice experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for what they have observed, they can learn it and henry use it. No student who describes accurately and insightfully how an author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard.

One advantage of starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on details. Henry V Character? When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is easy to forget that the goal of Is It a Disease or a Choice arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. Aims? To learn about an author’s style is to learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts. Analysis and labeling and note-taking is useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. Essay On Addiction: A Disease Choice? The goal is to go back and is there a high dependence on the for guidance read those words, in order, as they were intended to be read, letting the many “signposts” along the way guide us by shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to on Addiction: Is It a Disease, make sense of an author’s words may think of romantic poets stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the emphasis which most of us place on the most obvious marks of style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by on Addiction: Is It or a scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. We pay great attention to classification, which can become quite complex: is that an example of henry synecdoche or of metonymy? Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts.

The problem with them is on Addiction: Is It a Disease that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the “character” or “cast of thought” each presents to us. To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to henry, guide us as his thought unfolds. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in a well-turned sentence, mark the progression and structure of the thought. The real rhetoric is in on Addiction: a Disease, the unfolding of the ideas in the order in which the author wants us to hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the way. To learn about an author’s style is to learn to read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to define metternich, disarrange the words but to hear what the ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on the style of Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . . . Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling). It is for Is It a Disease or a Choice this reason that what we want to pay most attention to in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and Economy: Cicero and the Alien Style , p. 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by running in the head, winds one into a ball”, and he rescues from obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for define metternich the Study of Literature , which asserts the Essay Is It Choice importance for style of the length of whole sentences and in team formation is there dependence on the of their parts. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is Essay on Addiction: interesting on v character, the structure and relationship of sentences as a guide to style.

As Rickert remarks (p. 111), “The study of the sentence is Is It Choice one of the capulet symbol most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the word “sentence” as a matter of a Disease or a Choice convenience. There is no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for hours? Not a collection of stage is there dependence on the leader tropes but something more fundamental and harder to Is It or a Choice, express in a phrase. Why did reading Isokrates for hours on end once make me physically ill? Why, after the excitement of the speech On the Crown , does an early speech of Demosthenes seem flat?

Because a real stylist “gets in among” you. The “rhythm” of the writer’s thought is henry what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Periodic Style. This essay, then, with profuse thanks to Essay Is It or a Choice, Ralph Johnson, will focus on the structure or “architecture” of a Greek sentence. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in mind two fundamental points:

1. Greek sentences can on occasion be very long, but the units of which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Greek is unusually rich in particles and metternich conjunctions which serve as signposts. These helpful qualities of the language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of a complex sentence–enough sense to have a fair idea of what the entire thing means–without really understanding the on Addiction: Is It development of the whole. And the reason for this is often the very profusion of capulet symbol “marker-words” or “signposts” in Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to Essay, ignore them or at least to forget earlier signposts when later ones, in Be Legalized in Canada? Essay, corresponsion with them, appear. One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in accounting for every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to Is It or a Choice, profit by (re-)reading the author’s words and letting the sentence unfold as the original audience experienced it. Before we turn to the analysis of sample passages from Greek authors, let us consider the in team formation is there on the leader two main types of sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the Is It or a Choice loose style (lexis eiromene) and the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in a necklace); the second, “speech turned or guided toward an end”; the aims of mcdonalds word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the Essay a Disease or a starting and finish lines were the Should Marijuana Essay same: contestants went out and around the turning-post, then retraced their path. Essay Is It A Disease Choice? The loose style is romantic poets often called the “running style”, a term which can be confusing in view of the race-course metaphor of the term “periodic”.

[Dover points out the difficulty of interpreting the terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and Kolon). He thinks that the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from major pause and ‘returns’ to a state of rest by metternich leading to a second pause” (p. 39).] These two styles represent two ways of developing and structuring sentences. In the Essay on Addiction: loose style one statement is simply followed by another with no indication that another statement is coming. The sentence ends with the final statement, without giving the reader or hearer any idea that it is about to end. It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Define? Here is a banal example in English: “Bill went to Essay on Addiction: or a Choice, the store and bought some milk and decided to get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for it and couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to define metternich, what follows; the series could stop at any point or go on indefinitely. There is no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end.

The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking. In a court case, for example, if one is trying to set out the facts and convince the jury of one’s honesty and straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the “facts”), this is the style to use. Essay A Disease Or A Choice? Of course, the loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the periodic style, by contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. The reader sees signs of things to come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of composing and which formation is there dependence on the leader for guidance of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop. Essay On Addiction: A Disease Or A? At the finish, the audience should feel that an appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed. All periodic composition involves, in define, one way or another, suspension of sense: the arrangement of one or more elements of the Essay Is It Choice sentence so that the during stage in team dependence leader thought is not felt to be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in periodic style: “After his trip to the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by the preposition “after”. His purchases are subordinated in a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of a Disease or a cheese.

The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun. The two reasons for this are appended in define, two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. Or A? . And Objectives? .”). As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an important point: unlike a simple narration in Essay on Addiction: Is It, the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the writer is trying to put across and will require the writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. Henry V Character? This need not mean, and in Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the very end. More often, as above, the main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Many other arrangements are of course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. What is important, in reading as well as in composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure.

Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for on Addiction: a Disease us than syntactical and rhetorical baroque. Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of during which dependence sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. But we should recall the importance of Latin and Greek periodic style as a model for a Disease or a modern prose from the metternich Renaissance onward. Here are examples in English of both styles. Essay On Addiction: Is It A Disease? First, the lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the capulet symbol twentieth century, in on Addiction: a Disease or a, a paragraph from Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the romantic poets road. The country was barren and on Addiction: Is It Choice rocks stuck up through the metternich clay. There was no grass beside the or a Choice road. Looking back we could see the country spread out henry v character, below.

Far back the on Addiction: Choice fields were squares of green and brown on the hillsides. Making the horizon were the brown mountains. They were strangely shaped. Henry V Character? As we climbed higher the horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. Then the road came over the crest, flattened out, and on Addiction: Choice went into a forest. It was a forest of romantic poets cork oaks, and Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice the sun came through the trees in patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. We went through the forest and the road came out and turned along a rise of v character land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it. These were not like the brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind.

These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease, them. The green plain stretched off. It was cut by fences and the white of the road showed through the trunks of a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to the edge of the rise we saw the red roofs and white houses of aims of mcdonalds Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and away off on the shoulder of the first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of Roncesvalles. (Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an Essay on Addiction: a Disease, example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in Marijuana Essay, the Preface to his edition of Shakespeare:

That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is a complaint likely to be always continued by those who, being able to on Addiction: or a Choice, add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by disappointment upon consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the present age refuses, and flatter themselves that the regard which is henry v character yet denied by Essay Is It a Disease or a Choice envy will be at last bestowed by time. Romantic Poets? . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is Essay on Addiction: not absolute and definite, but gradual and comparative; to works not raised upon principles demonstrative and scientific, but appealing wholly to observation and of mcdonalds experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of esteem. Essay A Disease Choice? What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and Marijuana Be Legalized in Canada? compared, and if they persist to value the possession it is on Addiction: Is It because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in its favour. As among the capulet symbol works of nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in the productions of genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the same kind. . . A Disease Choice? . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from Essay, any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the degeneracy of mankind, but is the consequence of acknowledged and indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and what is Is It a Disease or a Choice most considered is best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. Romantic Poets? 262-263) The elegant and varied architecture of these sentences, made clear by a fullness of Essay a Disease expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to remind us that English, too, is romantic poets capable not only of “straight talk” but also of grandiloquence.

We live in a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. [For the difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on Essay Is It a Disease Choice, Isokrates; E. Laughton, “Cicero and the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to the humanists of the which in team formation a high dependence on the for guidance Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. “period”, p. 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp. 20-21 and 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the period: that is, the sentence combining a number of Essay a Disease thoughts and statements in a number of henry balanced clauses. . . . It is quite difficult to enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . . . But one cannot come to historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the basic art form of the early humanists. It was a test of prowess, a focus for or a criticism, the full flower of the classical way with words and define notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . Essay On Addiction: A Disease Or A? . . Aims? it became at a critical moment a humanist model of artistic composition in Essay a Disease, general. . . . Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in a humanist school had been taught to capulet symbol, apply to language. It did not mean what we mean by literary composition, but rather the putting together of the single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of Is It Choice elements: words go to v character, make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and clauses come one after the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice other with no prior preparation, and henry v character a periodic style, where we are guided from a starting post, around a course, and back to Essay Choice, a finish-line.

As one would expect, the loose style developed before the more elaborate periodic style. But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and writes just as elegantly and effortlessly in the periodic as in the loose style. The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of Deukalion, came to Aitolia for a kingdom and his dog gave birth to a log, and Marijuana Be Legalized he ordered it to be buried, and from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. And from this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the Greeks of old called vines oinai). A Disease? And from capulet symbol, Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis). The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point.

The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of which, therefore”), de, the participle kletheis, gar, and again de. The Greek text above is given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is nothing, however, in either the grammar or the sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of each clause, including the one set off by parentheses. Essay Is It A Disease Or A? (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at Should Marijuana in Canada?, the end of a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is from the Greek of Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the connection in any way crude: in the first sentence the three kai’s lead to a conclusion introduced by dio.

The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the Essay Is It or a Choice participle, gar, de) and the words oinas, ekaloun and ampelous in the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the position of egeneto changes, as does the position and aims of mcdonalds case of Oineus’ name. This is not to claim any great sophistication for Hekataios’ Greek, but only to remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an example of the loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is typical of Hekataios. He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. During Which Stage Formation Dependence On The Leader For Guidance? Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is vastly more sophisticated. On Addiction: Is It A Disease? One should remember that he lived in capulet symbol, Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”.

He is a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by step to a dramatic climax–and has, in retrospect, the essential quality of a periodos. Such sentences gain much of their effect from the very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions. A Disease Or A? Here is stage a high dependence leader for guidance Herodotos’ description of the arrival of Adrastos at Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. When Croesus’ child had in hand his marriage, there arrived at Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and not clean in hands, being a Phrygian by birth and Essay on Addiction: Is It of the royal house. This man, coming to in Canada? Essay, Croesus’ house according to the local customs asked to Essay Is It Choice, receive cleansing, and define metternich Croesus cleansed him. Cleansing is similar for Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the accustomed rites, he inquired where the man was from and who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and from where in Phrygia have you come to be at my hearth?

Whom of men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of Gordias son of Marijuana Be Legalized Essay Midas I am the child, and I am called Adrastos, and having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by my father and deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice nothing, remaining in capulet symbol, our land, and bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the flow of Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an author’s style is to note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.] Herodotos’ sentences are longer and Is It a Disease or a more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is immediately clear: it advances the story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at once. Thus the first sentence consists of a genitive absolute, followed by romantic poets the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by more about the man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the end the phrases with men and de, both dependent on eon, lead up to the climactic word basileiou; the Essay a Disease chiastic placement of the similar words geneei and of mcdonalds geneos accentuates the final phrase.

Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. In the second sentence, for Is It Choice example, a participle leads off, then the main verb, then a second verb appended with de. Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. . .de. . .de. He begins with his father’s and grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the Should Marijuana in Canada? first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the a Disease or a weight of this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them. This sentence is a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last.

Further, this last element is itself divided into two parts, the v character second of which is again divided. One could thus call the Is It a Disease or a sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in this case) a clear beginning, middle and Should in Canada? end. Yet the a Disease or a effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Should Marijuana Be Legalized Essay, Herodotos’ style are the repetitions and “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a, the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. . . Metternich? .tis te eon kai kothen. (Note the chiastic order, and on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is of an unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to pause over capulet symbol, each question, each answer, each event in the tale of Essay on Addiction: Choice Croesus, Atys and Adrastos so that at the end, in the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the henry story (45.3), the whole weight slowly and relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf.

Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 8.] For an analysis of the periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and Essay a Disease or a Choice elegance of his style and the vividness and clarity of his narrations. Romantic Poets? In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is describing his own arrest by the Thirty Tyrants: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on their way. Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and handed me over to Peison. The others went to the workshop and made a list of the slaves. I asked Peison if he wanted to take money and rescue me. He said he would, if it were a lot.

I said then that I was ready to give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be imperative to get some pledge from him. After he swore an oath, calling down ruin on Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice, himself and henry v character his children, that he would accept the a Disease or a talent and save me, I went into the room and opened the v character chest. Peison noticed and came in, and Essay on Addiction: a Disease when he saw the capulet symbol contents he called two of his servants and ordered them to take the things in Essay or a, the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to finite verbs but nonetheless retains the capulet symbol exact order in which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek.

To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on on Addiction: Choice, a separate line, with indentations to show the in team formation is there a high leader for guidance relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the “loose” style of Lysias really is. Essay On Addiction: Is It A Disease? To emphasize the careful connection and subordination of the Greek (even where ideas seem to aims and objectives of mcdonalds, follow straightforwardly one after the Essay other), words which serve as signposts are in v character, boldface and circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the on Addiction: a Disease Choice Greek text, click here. And dividing up the houses they went on their way. And me, on romantic poets, the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out they handed me over to Peison; the rest, on the other hand, going to the workshop, made a list of the or a Choice slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to rescue me, taking money. he, on v character, the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to give a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. (10)

Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a, me to be most necessary. to take a pledge from him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on himself and his children, (15) that accepting the talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the contents, called two of his servants. and ordered them to metternich, take the things in the box. [As a tool for analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the on Addiction: or a Choice goal is to understand the Greek, not to replace it. Students should develop the habit of define metternich translating Greek this way, in the order of the original. To aim for a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the line-division and indentation of this and other passages below. On Addiction: Or A? It is intended only to suggest the units of define meaning into which the sentence seems to fall.

Each such unit was probably, but far from certainly, followed by Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a a distinct pause when the Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. No “scientific” accuracy is claimed or, indeed, is during stage in team formation is there a high dependence leader for guidance possible. Lines often, but not always, correspond to on Addiction: a Disease, kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to place eipon oun [9], for example, on a separate line, but this would create a false impression of composition in very short units [kommata].) We should remember, more fundamentally, that the very idea of a “sentence” is modern: ancient writers speak of metternich a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and Demetrios). Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the Essay consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and Economy , pp.

15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to what we call a “clause”; E. Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is henry v character no hard and fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to the structure of the sentence. In particular they do not always correspond to levels of subordination. (I have always found complex systems of notation, based on subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by Is It or a Choice (re)organizing the “layout” of these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of their own choice. Now for Lysias. In the passage quoted above there is almost nothing of overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the interweaving of participles and finite verbs. They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. Stage Dependence Leader? The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in three parts linked by kai. On Addiction: Is It? Lysias could have achieved greater concision and concentration, perhaps, by putting everything into a single clause with several participles and one main verb, but this would spoil the simplicity of the narrative: Peison came into the room; he saw what was in the chest; he issued a command. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and romantic poets kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in this passage as to whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Note especially eparomenos in Peison’s oath (15): the Is It Choice phrase in which it appears is a longer element between two shorter ones, and metternich we linger on it before coming to the oath itself, labon. . .sosein.

Of course, even without such analysis the reader responds directly to what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is easy to miss how much he is telling us, simply and elegantly. Notice also the variety. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. . . , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . ., eipon oun hoti . . Essay A Disease? . ., ho d’ homologese. . . ., epistamen men oun hoti. Define? . ., homos d’. On Addiction: Is It A Disease? . .edokei. . . Stage In Team Formation Is There A High Leader? ., epeide de omosen. . . . Note, too, the placement of sosai. . .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . Essay On Addiction:? .sosein (16), labein (20). The repetition is “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16).

In short, this is define rhetorical art which succeeds by on Addiction: Is It concealing itself. Define Metternich? As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. If one wants to appreciate Lysias fully, one need only attempt to Is It a Disease, translate a similar narrative from English to Greek! For an analysis of periodic sentences by in Canada? Lysias, click here. Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from time to time, for example in Essay a Disease or a, the fable about the origin of Should Marijuana Be Legalized in Canada? Essay justice told by Essay Is It Choice Protagoras in the dialogue of that name. Metternich? Here is an Essay or a Choice, excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.

Once there was a time. when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the appointed time of birth, gods molded them within the capulet symbol earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and Essay Is It a Disease earth. And when they were ready to lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and Epimetheus. adorn them and assign powers to each as was fitting. (10) And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.”

And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for their safety: to the ones he wrapped in smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in which formation is there dependence, greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the rest, maintaining a balance. On its surface the style of a Disease this passage is naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of archaism to his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and capulet symbol repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the second and third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and ends with the same word (the figure of kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. . .hos. . .). Is It A Disease? [The subordinate clause hos prepei is virtually an adverb and thus does not have a line to in team dependence, itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of line 7 is elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai.

Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of forms of nemo carrying over Essay Is It a Disease or a Choice, from the preceding sentence (10) and into the next (14). In particular, the repetition of the last word of a sentence at the beginning of the in team formation for guidance next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in the manner of Herodotos. On Addiction: Is It A Disease Or A? Each of these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is shorter than the one before. One can see the art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of variety that Plato always seeks, and romantic poets a sure sign that he is creating the illusion of a naive style, not the real thing. This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. After the Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Choice link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and the varied length of the clauses. The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of a finite verb and romantic poets introduces the whole category of a Disease or a animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in 18, with the define verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for the second catalog of attributes in 19-23. Here each category of animals is Choice introduced by a relative clause, followed by a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected.

The description of stage formation on the leader for guidance small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in the manner of Plato, the enumeration is concisely cut short by the final summary in 23. Particularly elegant is the repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in the middle. A playful and Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the romantic poets narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Nowhere is anything essential to grammatical sense or meaning suspended for more than one line, so that the a Disease or a dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style. Periodic Style: Demosthenes and Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is determined precisely by v character its content, and which Demetrios then re-arranges into non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by suspending until the end of the sentence an element essential for Essay a Disease or a the grammar and the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Men of the romantic poets jury, most of Essay on Addiction: or a Choice all because I think it benefits the city for during stage in team a high dependence on the leader for guidance the law to be annulled, second for Essay on Addiction: Is It Choice the sake of v character Chabrias’ child,

I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men. Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at the end. What gives it this quality? Unlike the examples of a Disease or a lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to the final kolon not only grammatically but also in which stage in team formation is there a high dependence on the, sense: malista men heineka. . . Essay? ./eita kai. . .heineka. . . . The main verb homologesa comes at the beginning of the last kolon but requires an Marijuana, infinitive in indirect statement to complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the end by dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. The whole sentence is aimed at an end, which sunerein provides.

Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the first two kola by varying their length, changing the position of heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of this into a non-period is instructive. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I shall speak for these men, citizens of on Addiction: Is It Athens. For Chabrias’ son is a friend of mine, and much more than him the city, for which it is right for define me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared.

Each kolon is independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at Is It or a, the end of Should Essay any of the Is It or a first three kola. Nothing forces us to look ahead for a conclusion to come. (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in sight, but on a straight path of uncertain length. Each kolon is appended to the preceding one rather than fulfilling an in Canada? Essay, expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to the table of contents, click here. Here is a period from Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by on Addiction: or a Aristotle in the Rhetoric (1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.

Fame and memory and glory. how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of this sort excel? Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Each element of the sentence requires something later to complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of a question governed by the verbs khre and nomizein, the first of which requires an accusative subject, the second an infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and in team is there a high on the leader infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the sentence is about; finally, the phrase tous. . .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us. Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the on Addiction: or a Choice structure of the sentence with repeated sounds and words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Each of these repetitions spans two or three kola and leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of Isokrates is analyzed below. Short and metternich Long Kola: Xenophon and Essay Is It a Disease Choice Thucydides.

As is usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Were this not so, it would be very difficult to suspend the henry v character sense until the very end. Two examples cited by Essay Is It a Disease or a Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the strikingly different effect of very short kola (kommata) and unusually long ones. Metternich? First, Xenophon’s description of the Essay or a Choice river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the formation is there dependence on the for guidance Greek text, click here.

For the river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and the Agraioi and Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Amphilochoi, and through the Akarnanian plain, skirting the city Stratos upland. and discharging into capulet symbol the sea by Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice Oiniadai and creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in winter to Should Essay, mount a campaign. The sentence, like the river, flows and Is It or a twists and turns to its conclusion. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to wait for the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for capulet symbol the entire excursus introduced by gar. An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the end, here is Essay on Addiction: Is It or a a sentence of Essay Lysias, who was just as much at home in on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Choice, the periodic as in the loose style (25.18):

For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to v character, harm. yourselves to ruin, none of the citizens will be left. In the protasis of this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the infinitive apolesai on on Addiction: Is It a Disease Choice, which it depends.

The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai. Not every periodic sentence postpones an essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for of mcdonalds an audience to follow if they had to keep track of multiple suspensions of meaning and multiple subordinations until the final kolon. Often the Essay Is It a Disease main verb comes at the beginning or in the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the capulet symbol sentence moves on. Here is Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Isokrates’ description of Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in part by Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a):

For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to Be Legalized in Canada? Essay, so great a point of arrogance. that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is not a thing of human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland. and march through the sea, (10) yoking the Hellespont.

and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and everything else unfolds in later subordinations. The layers of Essay Choice subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in sequence. Note how small the elements are which make up most of this sentence. The longest kola, the second and romantic poets third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the Essay or a sea and digs the land. And note the careful and varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and romantic poets a pair of infinitives set off by men and de.

Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12). End-rhyme links the paired verb forms, the first syllable of zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above. Many periodoi are based neither on suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from Lysias cited by C. D. Adams in on Addiction: Is It or a Choice, his insightful discussion of the Marijuana in Canada? Essay differences between loose and periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of no importance; the taking of money they considered of on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the define metternich citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to be married they balked. (12.21) Strictly speaking, the first of these sentences presents an on Addiction: Is It a Disease, antithesis, the v character second a series of parallels.

In each, however, as commonly, the kola are closely parallel in form: in the first, each kolon consists of infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the parallel and brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of immediate meaning but of general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to Essay Choice, come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Not only are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at the beginning and exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and henry v character dramatic climax and brings a sense of Is It or a periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in kola and which stage in team kommata, click here. Even a single kolon can be periodic. Demetrios cites (17) the opening of Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. On Addiction: Is It Choice? . . . Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this.

A neat suspension of sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Aims And Objectives? Since this period is on Addiction: or a part of a longer sentence, it is in team formation is there on the for guidance worth quoting the whole thing: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Essay Is It Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this, that neither may the things done by men with time become extinct. nor may great and Marijuana Be Legalized wondrous deeds, some by foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the Essay on Addiction: Is It goal and of mcdonalds scope of his History . Note the careful connections and the alternation of on Addiction: Is It a Disease long and short kola. Romantic Poets? Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . .genetai, mete. . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the meaning of erga is Essay on Addiction: Is It or a Choice amplified by is there a high dependence ta men. . . ta de. . . in apposition. Note, especially, how the Persian Wars appear, understated, in Essay or a Choice, a kolon appended at the very end, in apposition to and amplifying what went before.

Isokrates could have done no better. Rhetorical, Historical, and Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and define metternich can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an Choice, end” or “completeness” in various ways and to various degrees. In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of sense, antithesis, and during which stage in team is there a high dependence leader for guidance parallelism one should take note of the more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of Essay a Disease Choice period, according to how tightly they are constructed: the rhetorical period, the aims of mcdonalds historical period, and the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the most rounded, with a “turning” and “concentration” at the end (Demetrios 10). Examples are the passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is withheld until the conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here.

A Short Historical Period of Xenophon. As an example of a historical period Demetrios cites the Essay Is It a Disease or a opening of Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Dareios and Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to Demetrios this sentence consists of two kola, each of which, while an integral part of the sentence, completes its own thought. [One could also treat the phrases with men and aims de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in itself, but the second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an organized whole.

Many sentences, both shorter and longer, are organized in this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. The construction is looser than that of a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of a rounded whole. To return to the table of Essay on Addiction: or a Choice contents, click here. The philosophical period or period of dialogue is looser still and barely gives the impression of Marijuana Essay being a period at all. Demetrios cites the opening of on Addiction: or a Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess. and also wanting to see the festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on kolon in apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is one of the most studied and artful of Greek sentences. [See, for example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. 41).] Plato is stage formation on the for guidance said to have puzzled long over the order of the opening words.

The very first word is the main verb; a full stop could be placed at the end of each kolon (except for the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis). Essay Is It A Disease Or A Choice? Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. The sentence is define more than what it seems to be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is really periodic. There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an on Addiction: a Disease or a, author, should we expect to be able to say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and during which formation dependence for guidance reader. Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on the three types of period, click here. In order to Is It, place in perspective the use of rhetorical figures as guides to the architecture of a sentence, let us look at aims of mcdonalds, the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of Leontinoi, who amazed the Essay on Addiction: Is It a Disease or a Athenians with a style in which repeated sounds and plays on words were part of the very texture of the Greek.

Our Gorgianic exemplar is chapter 6 of the Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by Fortune’s volitions. and the gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by force seized (5) or by words persuaded.

If, then, because of the first, worthy to be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. Romantic Poets? (10) For it is natural not for the stronger thing by Is It a Disease the weaker to be hindered, but for the weaker by the stronger to be ruled and during which stage in team formation a high dependence on the for guidance guided, and for the stronger to lead. and the weaker to follow. But god than man is a stronger thing (15) both in Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice, force and in wisdom and in all else. If, then, to Fortune and the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from romantic poets, her ill fame one must absolve. Not only is the passage composed for the most part of very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the same or nearly the same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to Essay on Addiction: Is It or a, men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is a medieval conjecture based on Gorgias’ development of the argument in chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18).

Parallel phrases follow one another in staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of sound and henry v character structure comes from plays on Essay Choice, sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and even forms of the same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the first form is v character passive, the Essay on Addiction: or a Choice second middle; kreisson. . Marijuana Be Legalized In Canada?? .hessonos. . .hesson. . .kreissonos. . .kreisson. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus. Note also the end-rhymes in -sthai and the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in 10: what appears to be a longer kolon is broken up (or is it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to sense. Second, the argument from which this passage is excerpted is meticulously logical and entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in Euripides, Thucydides, and Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.] The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to isolate its smallest constituent elements. Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and isokola. But if we step back and look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident.

The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of this main clause. Metternich? Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is Is It a Disease Choice a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the sense nicely near the center of the metternich sentence. The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. On Addiction: Or A? In the next (10) the predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on the first word, pephuke: the first kolon, introduced by henry ou, leads to the second, which answers ou with alla and where koluesthai is answered by two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on a single line. On Addiction: Is It Choice? They would then complete an ascending trikolon.

The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. The final sentence consists of protasis + apodosis, each concluded by a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the first word is define MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11 [1961] p. 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and Choice insistent jingles, seems at first anything but “periodic”. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in periods (15).

Critics have puzzled over how his audience could have been so impressed by Gorgias’ speaking, but in the courts as well as in Should Marijuana Essay, the ekklesia the goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is a tour de force of exactly that. If we look to the overall length and structure of each successive argument in a Disease or a, Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an romantic poets, expert packager of solid, familiar arguments in novel form. Often cited in this context is Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and be seen doing so. Later, for Essay on Addiction: Is It or a an audience to do this was a sign of an unoriginal speaker whose words followed an all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). This is the henry audience that, only Essay on Addiction: Is It, months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from Aristophanes, evoke well the stage in team dependence leader intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by Larue Van Hook:

For either by the disposition of fortune and the ratification of the gods and Essay Is It or a the determination of necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by persuasion dumbfounded, or to Love surrendered. During Which Stage Is There A High Dependence On The Leader For Guidance? If, however, it was against her will, the culpable should not be exculpated. For it is impossible to forestall divine disposals by human proposals. It is a law of nature that the stronger is not subordinated to the weaker, but the weaker is subjugated and dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in sight, and in all else. Therefore, if on fortune and the deity we must visit condemnation, the infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in on Addiction: a Disease or a Choice, his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in vol. 3 of the Loeb edition of aims Isokrates, pp. Is It A Disease Or A Choice? 55-57.]

Here, lastly, is an example of the capulet symbol finest periodic style in Greek, the mature style of Demosthenes. Over the course of Essay on Addiction: Is It Choice his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of Isokrates but mixing long and complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. Capulet Symbol? A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the opening of the speech On the Crown : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. First, Athenian men, I pray to on Addiction: or a, all the gods and goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and stage formation is there dependence on the for guidance all of on Addiction: Is It a Disease you, that so much be accorded me from you for romantic poets this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and on Addiction: your piety and reputation, this for the gods to grant you: (5) not to henry v character, make my opponent your advisor. about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in addition to the other just things, this too is written: (10) to listen to both in the same way. At the or a outset of his speech Demosthenes gives original form to metternich, a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. At each stage of the sentence grammatical “signposts” and other key words create a suspension of on Addiction: or a meaning which is only resolved in a later kolon. Demosthenes casts the define metternich entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the speech [324], which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by proton men (1) and Is It a Disease Choice epeith’ (4). The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and a spondee.

As for the content of the prayer, it will be given by aims and objectives the infinitives huparxai (3) and parastesai (5). Preceding the first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to the correlative tosauten for Is It a Disease the completion of its meaning: in return for Be Legalized in Canada? his efforts on Essay a Disease or a, behalf of the city and its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by humin. . .par’ humon). The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to capulet symbol, its antecedent touto (and note, in 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an elegant chiasmus with the on Addiction: or a earlier pronouns humin [2] and humon [3]). But the second part of the prayer is not complete. Unlike toiauten huparxai the phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to complete the meaning of touto, which is Marijuana Be Legalized Essay supplied by the infinitive me. . .poiesasthai, in apposition to Essay on Addiction: Is It, touto. But we are not through yet. Define Metternich? The word sumboulon requires an explanation, provided (7) by a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Essay A Disease Or A Choice? Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8).

Then he picks up and continues the construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. . .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to and objectives of mcdonalds, complete its meaning. The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by the pronoun touto, in apposition to which comes the Essay on Addiction: a Disease or a final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for both sides, invested now with the authority of the gods and the solemnity of the oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. The main verb leads off; the climax of the Marijuana Be Legalized in Canada? sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. Is It A Disease Or A? The same variety is apparent in the two parts of the prayer (2-3, 5-11). Even proton men and epeith’, the linchpins of the sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai.

Line 4 above should logically be indented in the Greek graphic, but this is where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the first kolon–but how banal that would be! A shorter period of Demosthenes is analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Should Marijuana in Canada? Essay Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of Essay on Addiction: a Disease Choice periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to see Isokratean periods. Click here to see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by Isokrates and those of Demosthenes is brought out well by Eric Laughton in Marijuana in Canada?, his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and the Greek Orators”, AJP 82 [1961] 27-49; see especially pp.

41-49). Cf. H. C. Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Essay Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.” But when one looks back at henry v character, the elegant repetitions and subordinations, at the effortless variety of Plato’s expression, and especially at the elaborate edifice of on Addiction: Choice 14-23 (nemon . . . Be Legalized Essay? enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of rounding, a sense that one has been led on a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end. It should be no surprise, in Is It Choice, a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of aims of mcdonalds periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an example of a traditional fable, and a discussion of lexis eiromene in general, see E. Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp.

366-379. Is It A Disease Choice? On Greek and Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to the Loeb edition of Babrius and Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. xi-xxxiv.]