Buy Essay Papers Online -
ABC System Used by United Parcel Service (UPS) Essay |…
Nov 12, 2017 Central Express Corporation Essay, buy essay papers here -
California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) The California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE), formerly a graduation requirement for students in Central Essay California public schools, was suspended effective January 1, 2016. Below is information regarding the suspension of the CAHSEE, results and reports from influences, previous administrations of the Corporation CAHSEE, and historical information. For more information about the CAHSEE, contact your local school district. The CAHSEE - CalEdFacts page provides a more detailed overview of the exam. The information below was developed to provide assistance to white, various groups that are directly involved with, or have an Central Corporation Essay interest in, the CAHSEE. Beginning with the Class of 2006, students in California public schools were required to winning only, pass the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) to Express Corporation Essay, demonstrate competency in grade-level skills in reading, writing, and mathematics to earn a high school diploma. The content of the CAHSEE was based on What's The Construction Schedule Essay content standards in English-language arts and mathematics that were adopted by the State Board of Corporation Education (SBE) in 2003. The Construction Schedule? In 2010, the Central Express Essay SBE adopted the Common Core State Standards in Englishlanguage arts and mathematics. What's The Construction Schedule Optimization?? Due to the change in academic standards, Senate Bill 172 (Liu) was signed by the Governor to suspend the administration of the CAHSEE and the requirement that students pass the CAHSEE to Central Corporation, receive a high school diploma for the 201516, 201617, and 201718 school years.
The law required that schools grant a diploma to cartoon, any pupil who completed grade twelve in the 200304 school year or a subsequent school year and met all applicable graduation requirements other than the passage of the Express Essay high school exit examination. The law further required the State Superintendent of Public Instruction to convene an advisory panel to provide recommendations to the Superintendent on the continuation of the high school exit examination and on alternative pathways to satisfy the high school graduation requirements pursuant to Education Code sections 51224.5 and 51225.3. The law became effective on January 1, 2016. Questions and answers about the suspension of the CAHSEE. Letter from What's Schedule Essay, Superintendent Torlakson to provide information on the signing of Senate Bill 725.
This document provides an explanation of the Central Express Essay 2014-15 CAHSEE summary results to the public. It also provides additional information for school and district staff to assist them in responding to questions from the public. Reports since 2001 from the independent evaluator for cartoon example the CAHSEE. CAHSEE annual technical reports and other studies. Overview of the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). The primary purpose of the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) was to significantly improve student achievement in Central Express public high schools and to ensure that students who graduated from public high schools demonstrated grade level competency in reading, writing, and mathematics. Cartoon? The CAHSEE helped identify students who were not developing skills that are essential for life after high school and encouraged districts to give these students the attention and resources needed to help them achieve these skills during their high school years. All California public school students, except eligible students with disabilities, were required satisfy the CAHSEE requirement, as well as all other state and local requirements, in order to receive a high school diploma. The CAHSEE requirement could be satisfied by passing the examination or, for eligible students with disabilities, meeting the exemption requirement pursuant to California Education Code (EC) Section 60852.3, or receiving a local waiver pursuant to EC Section 60851(c). The CAHSEE had two parts: Englishlanguage arts (ELA) and mathematics. The ELA part addressed state content standards through grade ten.
In reading, this included vocabulary, decoding, comprehension, and analysis of Express Corporation information and literary texts. In writing, this covered writing strategies, applications, and the conventions of English (e.g., grammar, spelling, and punctuation). The mathematics part of the frida kahlo CAHSEE addressed state standards in grades six and seven and Algebra I. The exam included statistics, data analysis and probability, number sense, measurement and geometry, mathematical reasoning, and algebra. Students were also asked to demonstrate a strong foundation in Express computation and genghis, arithmetic, including working with decimals, fractions, and percents. After determining that local proficiency standards, established pursuant to EC Section 51215 (repealed January 1, 2000), were generally set below a high school level and were not consistent with the state's content standards, the Central Corporation Essay Legislature indicated its intent to set higher standards for high school graduation. In proposing the CAHSEE, the winning only Legislature's primary goal was to . significantly improve pupil achievement in high school and to ensure that pupils who graduate from high school can demonstrate grade level competency in reading, writing, and Central Express Essay, mathematics. (Senate Bill 2, Section 1[b]). EC Section 60850 (Chapter 1, statutes of 1999-2000, S.B.2, O'Connell) authorized the CAHSEE to be developed in is the only thing accordance with State Board of Education (SBE)-adopted content standards in ELA and mathematics. The CAHSEE was developed based on recommendations of the High School Exit Examination Standards Panel, whose members were appointed by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and Corporation, approved by is the the SBE.
State law required that the CAHSEE be administered only on the dates designated by the State Superintendent of Central Express Corporation Public Instruction. Students were required retake the examination until the ELA and mathematics parts were passed; however, students could retake only those parts not previously passed. All students were required to take the CAHSEE for is the the first time in Corporation grade ten. Students who did not pass one or both parts of the CAHSEE in grade ten could take the parts not passed up to What's Schedule Optimization? Essay, two times per Express Corporation school year in grade eleven and up to five times per school year in burden meaning grade twelve. Central Express? Adult students could take the parts not passed up to three times per school year. The CAHSEE was offered for the first time in spring 2001 (March and May) to volunteer ninth graders (class of 2004). In October 2001, Assembly Bill 1609 (Calderon) removed the option for ninth graders to take the CAHSEE beginning with the c4 plants more suited than 2002 administration. Central Corporation Essay? The CAHSEE was next administered in spring 2002 to all tenth graders who had not passed it during the spring 2001 administration. The class of 2005 took the CAHSEE for the first time in spring 2003.
In July 2003, the SBE took action to move the passage of the CAHSEE as a diploma requirement to the Class of 2006. The Class of frida influences 2006 took the CAHSEE for the first time as tenth graders in February 2004. In 2010, the SBE adopted the Corporation Common Core State Standards to be used as the basis for curriculum, instruction, and assessment for California schools. Why Are More To Hot Than C3 Plants?? Due to the change in academic standards, Senate Bill 172 (Liu) was signed by the Governor to suspend the administration of the CAHSEE and the requirement that students pass the CAHSEE to receive a high school diploma for Central Corporation the 201516, 201617, and 201718 school years. White Mans Burden Meaning? The law required that schools grant a diploma to any pupil who completed grade twelve in the 200304 school year or a subsequent school year and met all applicable graduation requirements other than the passage of the Central Express Corporation Essay high school exit examination. The law further required the State Superintendent of Public Instruction to convene an advisory panel to frida kahlo influences, provide recommendations to the Superintendent on the continuation of the high school exit examination and on alternative pathways to Central Express, satisfy the Optimization? Essay high school graduation requirements pursuant to Education Code sections 51224.5 and 51225.3. The law became effective on January 1, 2016. EC Section 60855 required the California Department of Education (CDE) to contract for an independent evaluation of the Express Corporation Essay CAHSEE beginning in January 2000. Each evaluation report was required to include the white mans burden meaning following: (1) an analysis of student performance, broken down by grade level, gender, race or ethnicity, and Corporation Essay, portion of the exam, including any trends that became apparent over time, (2) an analysis of the exam's effects, if any, on college attendance, pupil retention, graduation, and dropout rates, including an The Construction Optimization? Essay analysis of these effects on the subgroups described in (1) above, and (3) an analysis of whether the exam was likely to have, or had, differential effects, whether beneficial or detrimental, on the subgroups described in (1) above. The evaluation reports were required to include recommendations to improve the quality, fairness, validity, and reliability of the CAHSEE. The first report of the independent evaluation was completed and presented to the CDE, SBE, Legislature, Governor, and other control agencies on July 1, 2000.
Subsequent evaluation reports were due to these same parties by February 1 of every even-numbered year. These reports are posted on the Independent Evaluation Web page. Frequently asked questions, regulations, test blueprints, released test questions, study guides, and testing accommodations for the CAHSEE. E-mail updates sent out to the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress System electronic mailing list. Summative Assessments. Central Essay? The year-end assessment of grade level learning measuring progress toward college and career level readiness. California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, September 20, 2017.
CAASPP Update, Issue 223 (added 15-Sep-2017) California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, September 13, 2017. CAASPP Update, Issue 222 (added 08-Sep-2017) California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, September 7, 2017. CAASPP Update, Issue 221 (added 31-Aug-2017) California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, August 30, 2017. Matrix Four: ELPAC (added 28-Aug-2017) Matrix Four displays the universal tools, designated supports, and accommodations (non-embedded) allowed as part of the English Language Proficiency Assessments for cartoon California beginning October 1, 2017.
California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, August 16, 2017. Express? CAASPP Update, Issue 220 (added 28-Aug-2017) California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, August 23, 2017. CAASPP Update, Issue 218 (added 10-Aug-2017) California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) e-mail update, August 9, 2017.
Company law essay
How to buy essay cheap with no worries -
Essay about Identity in Art - 927 Words |…
Nov 12, 2017 Central Express Corporation Essay, custom essay order -
OPERATION MOCKINGBIRD: How The CIA Took Over The Mainstream Media. OPERATION MOCKINGBIRD: How The CIA Took Over The Mainstream Media. Tales from the Crypt. The Depraved Spies and Express Corporation Essay, Moguls of the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD. by Alex Constantine. Who Controls the why are more suited than Media? Soulless corporations do, of course. Corporations with grinning, double-breasted executives, interlocking directorates, labor squabbles and flying capital. Central Express Corporation Essay. Dow.
General Electric. Coca-Cola. Disney. C4 Plants More Suited Than. Newspapers should have mastheads that mirror the world: The Westinghouse Evening Scimitar, The Atlantic-Richfield Intelligentser . Central Essay. It is beginning to dawn on a growing number of armchair ombudsmen that the public print reports news from a parallel universe – one that has never heard of politically-motivated assassinations, CIA-Mafia banking thefts, mind control, death squads or even federal agencies with secret budgets fattened by winning cocaine sales – a place overrun by lone gunmen, where the CIA and Central Express, Mafia are usually on their best behavior. Cartoon Analysis Example. In this idyllic land, the most serious infraction an official can commit __is a the employment of a domestic servant with (shudder) no residency status. This unlikely land of enchantment is the Corporation Essay creation of why are more climates c3 plants? MOCKINGBIRD.
It was conceived in Central Corporation Essay, the late 1940s, the most frigid period of the cold war, when the khan CIA began a systematic infiltration of the corporate media, a process that often included direct takeover of major news outlets. In this period, the American intelligence services competed with communist activists abroad to influence European labor unions. Central Essay. With or without the cooperation of local governments, Frank Wisner, an undercover State Department official assigned to cartoon analysis example, the Foreign Service, rounded up students abroad to enter the cold war underground of covert operations on Central behalf of his Office of Policy Coordination. Biography. Philip Graham, __a graduate of the Express Army Intelligence School in Harrisburg, PA, then publisher of the why are c4 plants to hot than Washington Post., was taken under Wisner’s wing to direct the program code-named Operation MOCKINGBIRD. “By the early 1950s,” writes formerVillage Voice reporter Deborah Davis in Katharine the Great, “Wisner ‘owned’ respected members of the New York Times, Newsweek, CBS and other communications vehicles, plus stringers, four to Corporation Essay, six hundred in all, according to a former CIA analyst.” The network was overseen by to hot Allen Dulles, a templar for German and Express Essay, American corporations who wanted their points of view represented in the public print. Early MOCKINGBIRD influenced 25 newspapers and wire agencies consenting to act as organs of CIA propaganda. Winning Is The Only Thing. Many of these were already run by men with reactionary views, among them William Paley (CBS), C.D. Jackson (Fortune), Henry Luce (Time) and Arthur Hays Sulzberger (N.Y. Central Express Essay. Times). Activists curious about the workings of MOCKINGBIRD have since been appalled to f__ind in FOIA documents that agents boasting in CIA office memos of their pride in having placed “important assets” inside every major news publication in the country.
It was not until 1982 that the Agency openly admitted that reporters on why are suited to hot climates c3 plants? the CIA payroll have acted as case officers to agents in the field. “World War III has begun,” Henry’s Luce’s Life declared in Central Express Essay, March, 1947. “It is in the opening skirmish stage already.” The issue featured an excerpt of a book by James Burnham, who called for the creation of an “American Empire,” “world-dominating in political power, set up at cartoon analysis least in part through coercion (probably including war, but certainly the threat of war) and in Express, which one group of people … would hold more than its equal share of power.” George Seldes, the famed anti-fascist media critic, drew down on Luce in 1947, explaining tha__t “although avoiding typical Hitlerian phrases, the same doctrine of a superior people taking over the world and ruling it, began to appear in the press, whereas the organs of Wall Street were much more honest in favoring a doctrine inevitably leading to war if it brought greater commercial markets under the white mans meaning American flag.” On the domestic front, an abiding relationship was struck between the CIA and William Paley, a wartime colonel and the founder of CBS. Central Express Essay. A firm believer in “all forms of propaganda” to foster loyalty to the Pentagon, Paley hired CIA agents to white, work undercover at Express Essay the behest of his close friend, the busy grey eminence of the nation’s media, Allen Dulles.
Paley’s designated go-between in his dealings with the CIA was Sig Mickelson, president of CBS News from 1954 to 1961. The CIA’s assimilation of old guard fascists was overseen by the Operations Coordination Board, directed by C.D. Jackson, formerly an executive of Time magazine and Eisenhower’s Special Assistant for Cold War Strategy. In 1954 he was succeeded by Nelson Rockefeller, who quit a year later, disgusted at the administration’s political infighting. Vice President Nixon succeeded Rockefeller as the key cold war strategist. “Nixon,” writes John Loftus, a former attorney for the Justice Department’s Office of Special Investigations, took “a small boy’s delight in the arcane tools of the analysis intelligence craft – the hidden microphones, the ‘black’ propaganda.” Nixon especially enjoyed his visit to a Virginia training camp to Central Corporation Essay, observe Nazis in the “special forces” drilling at covert operations. One of the fugitives recruited by khan the American intelligence underground was heroin smuggler Hubert von Bl?cher, the son of Central A German ambassador. Hubert often bragged that that he was trained by the Abwehr, the German military intelligence division, while still a civilian in his twenties. He served in a recon unit of the German Army until forced out for medical reasons in 1944, according to his wartime records. He worked briefly as an assistant director for Berlin-Film on a movie entitled One Day …, and finished out the war flying with the Luftwaffe, but not to cartoon, engage the enemy – his mission was the smuggling of Nazi loot out of the country. His exploits were, in part, the subject of Central Express Corporation Essay Sayer and Botting’s Nazi Gold, an account of the knockover of the What's Essay Reichsbank at the end of the Essay war.
In 1948 he flew the coop to Argentina. Posing as a photographer named Huberto von Bleucher Corell, he immediately paid court to kahlo influences, Eva Peron, presenting her with an Corporation invaluable Gobelin tapestry (a selection from the wealth of artifacts confiscated by frida the SS from Europe’s Jews?). Hubert then met with Martin Bormann at Central Corporation the Hotel Plaza to deliver German marks worth $80 million. The loot financed the c4 plants more climates birth of the National Socialist Party in Argentina, among other forms of Nazi revival. In 1951, Hubert migrated northward and took a job at the Color Corporation of America in Hollywood. He eked out a living writing scripts for the booming movie industry.
His voice can be heard on a film set in the Amazon, produced by Walt Disney. Nine years later he returned to Buenos Aires, then D?sseldorf, West Germany, and established a firm that developed not movie scripts, but anti-chemical warfare agents for Essay the government. At the cartoon Industrie Club in D?sseldorf in 1982, von Bl?cher boasted to journalists, “I am chief shareholder of Pan American Airways. I am the best friend of Howard Hughes. The Beach Hotel in Central Corporation, Las Vegas is 45 percent financed by me. I am thus the biggest financier ever to appear in the Arabian Nights tales dreamed up by these people over their second bottle of brandy.” Not really. Two the biggest financiers to stumble from the why are c4 plants more suited to hot climates drunken dreams of world-moving affluence were, in Central Corporation, their time, Moses Annenberg, publisher of The Philadelphia Inquirer, and his son Walter , the CIA/mob-anchored publisher of the TV Guide. The Construction Schedule. Like most American high-rollers, Annenberg lived a double life. Moses, his father, was a scion of the Capone mob. Both Moses and Walter were indicted in 1939 for tax evasions totalling many millions of dollars – the biggest case in the history of the Justice Department.
Moses pled guilty and agreed to Central Express Corporation, pay the government $8 million and settle $9 million in assorted tax claims, penalties and interest debts. Moses received a three-year sentence. He died in Lewisburg Penitentiary. Walter Annenbeg, the TV Guide magnate, was a lofty Republican. On the campaign trail in April, 1988, George Bush flew into Los Angeles to woo Reagan’s kitchen cabinet. Why Are C4 Plants More To Hot Climates. “This is the topping on Central Express Corporation the cake,” Bush’s regional campaign director told the frida Los Angeles Times. The Bush team met at Annenberg’s plush Rancho Mirage estate at Central Express Sunnylands, California. It was at the Annenberg mansion that Nixon’s cabinet was chosen, and example, the state’s social and contributor registers built over Corporation Essay, a quarter-century of why are c4 plants to hot state political dominance by Essay Ronald Reagan, whose acting career was launched by Operation MOCKINGBIRD. The commercialization of television, coinciding with Reagan’s recruitment by only the Crusade for Central Essay Freedom, a CIA front, presented the intelligence world with unprecedented potential for sowing propaganda and even prying in the age of genghis khan Big Brother.
George Orwell glimpsed the possibilities when he installed omniscient video surveillance technology in Central Express, 1948, a novel rechristened 1984 for the first edition published in the U.S. by Harcourt, Brace. Operation Octopus, according to federal files, was in full swing by 1948, a surveillance program that turned any television set with tubes into is the only thing a broadcast transmitter. Agents of Octopus could pick up audio and Central Express Corporation, visual images with the equipment as far as 25 miles away. Hale Boggs was investigating Operation Octopus at the time of his disappearance in What's The Construction Essay, the midst of the Watergate probe. In 1952, at MCA, Actors’ Guild president Ronald Reagan – a screen idol recruited by MOCKINGBIRD’s Crusade for Freedom to raise funds for the resettlement of Essay Nazis in the U.S., according to cartoon analysis example, Loftus – signed a secret waiver of the conflict-of-interest rule with the Essay mob-controlled studio, in effect granting it a labor monopoly on early television programming. In exchange, MCA made Reagan a part owner. Furthermore, historian C. Frida. Vann Woodward, writing in the New York Times, in 1987, reported that Reagan had “fed the names of suspect people in his organization to Central Corporation, the FBI secretly and regularly enough to white mans burden, be assigned ‘an informer’s code number, T-10.’ His FBI file indicates intense collaboration with producers to Express Essay, ‘purge’ the industry of subversives.” No one ever turned a suspicious eye on cartoon example Walter Cronkite, a former intelligence officer and in the immediate postwar period UPI’s Moscow correspondent.
Cronkite was lured to CBS by Operation MOCKINGBIRD’s Phil Graham, according to Deborah Davis. Another television conglomerate, Cap Cities, rose like a horror-film simian from CIA and Mafia heroin operations. Among other organized-crime Republicans, Thomas Dewey and Express, his neighbor Lowell Thomas threw in to launch the infamous Resorts International, the corporate front for Lansky’s branch of the federally-sponsored mob family and the corporate precursor to is the only thing, Cap Cities. Another of the investors was James Crosby, a Cap Cities executive who donated $100,000 to Nixon’s 1968 presidential campaign. This was the year that Resorts bought into Atlantic City casino interests. Police in New jersey attempted, with no success, to spike the issuance of a gambling license to the company, citing Mafia ties.
In 1954, this same circle of investors, all Catholics, founded the broadcasting company notorious for overt propagandizing and general spookiness. The company’s chief counsel was OSS veteran William Casey, who clung to his shares by concealing them in a blind trust even after he was appointed CIA director by Ronald Reagan in 1981. “Black radio” was the phrase CIA critic David Wise coined in The Invisible Government to describe the agency’s intertwining interests in the emergence of the transistor radio with the entrepreneurs who took to the airwaves. “Daily, East and West beam hundreds of propaganda broadcasts at each other in an unrelenting babble of competition for the minds of their listeners. The low-price transistor has given the hidden war a new importance,” enthused one foreign correspondent. A Hydra of Central Express Corporation Essay private foundations sprang up to finance the propaganda push. One of them, Operations and Policy Research, Inc. (OPR), received hundreds of thousands of dollars from the CIA through private foundations and trusts. OPR research was the basis of a television series that aired in New York and Washington, D.C. in 1964, Of People and why are c4 plants suited, Politics, a “study” of the American political system in Corporation Essay, 21 weekly installments. In Hollywood, the visual cortex of The Beast, the same CIA/Mafia combination that formed Cap Cities sank its claws into the film studios and labor unions. Winning Only. Johnny Rosselli was pulled out Corporation of the Army during the war by a criminal investigation of Chicago mobsters in the film industry. The Construction. Rosselli, a CIA asset probably assassinated by the CIA, played sidekick to Harry Cohn, the Columbia Pictures mogul who visited Italy’s Benito Mussolini in 1933, and upon his return to Hollywood remodeled his office after the Express Corporation Essay dictator’s. Analysis Example. The only Central Corporation honest job Rosselli ever had was assistant purchasing agent (and a secret investor) at Eagle Lion productions, run by Bryan Foy, a former producer for is the only 20th Century Fox.
Rosselli, Capone’s representative on the West Coast, passed a small fortune in mafia investments to Cohn. Central. Bugsy Seigel pooled gambling investments with Billy Wilkerson, publisher of the Hollywood Reporter. In the 1950s, outlays for global propaganda climbed to a full third of the CIA’s covert operations budget. Why Are To Hot. Some 3, 000 salaried and contract CIA employees were eventually engaged in propaganda efforts. Express Essay. The cost of disinforming the world cost American taxpayers an estimated $265 million a year by 1978, a budget larger than the combined expenditures of Reuters, UPI and the AP news syndicates.
In 1977, the Copely News Service admitted that it worked closely with the cartoon example intelligence services – in fact, 23 employees were full-time employees of the Agency. Most consumers of the corporate media were – and are – unaware of the effect that the salting of public opinion has on Express Corporation Essay their own beliefs. A network anchorman in time of national crisis is an instrument of psychological warfare in c4 plants to hot climates, the MOCKINGBIRD media. He is a creature from the national security sector’s chamber of horrors. For this reason consumers of the corporate press have reason to examine their basic beliefs about government and Central Express, life in the parallel universe of these United States.
How the Washington Post Censors the The Construction Schedule Optimization? News. How the Washington Post Censors the News. A Letter to the Washington Post. by Julian C. Holmes. Richard Harwood, Ombudsman. The Washington Post. 1150 15th Street NW.
Washington, DC 20071. Dear Mr. Harwood, Though the Washington Post does not over-extend itself in Central Corporation Essay, the pursuit of hard news, just let drop the faintest rumor of a government “conspiracy”, and a klaxon horn goes off in the news room. Aroused from apathy in the daily routine of reporting assignations and Optimization? Essay, various other political and social sports events, editors and reporters scramble to the phones. The klaxon screams its warning: the greatest. single threat to herd-journalism, corporate profits, and government stability — the dreaded “CONSPIRACY THEORY”!! It is not known whether anyone has actually been hassled or accosted by any of Corporation Essay these frightful spectres, but their presence is cartoon announced to Central Express Corporation Essay, Post readers with a salvo of warnings to avoid the tricky, sticky webs spun by white the wacko “CONSPIRACY THEORISTS”. Recall how the Post saved us from the truth about Iran-Contra.
Professional conspiracy exorcist Mark Hosenball was hired to Express Essay, ridicule the idea that Oliver North and his CIA-associated gangsters had conspired to khan biography, do wrong (*1). And when, in Express Essay, their syndicated column, Jack Anderson and Dale Van Atta discussed some of the genghis biography conspirators, the Post sprang to protect its readers, and the conspirators, by censoring the Anderson column before printing it (*2). But for Central Essay some time the genghis biography lid had been coming off the Central Express Corporation Iran-Contra conspiracy. Khan. In 1986, the Christic Institute, an Corporation Essay interfaith center for c4 plants more suited climates c3 plants? law and public policy, had filed a lawsuit alleging a U.S. arms-for-drugs trade that helped keep weapons flowing to Central Essay, the CIA-Contra army in why are suited climates, Nicaragua, and Express Corporation, cocaine flowing to U.S. markets (*3). In 1988 Leslie Cockburn published Out of kahlo Control, a seminal work on our bizarre, illegal war against Nicaragua (*4). The Post contributed to this discovery process by disparaging the charges of conspiracy and by publishing false information about the Central Express Corporation drug-smuggling evidence presented to the House Subcommittee on Narcotics Abuse and Control. When accused by cartoon example Committee Chairman Charles Rangel (D-NY). of misleading reporting, the Post printed only a partial correction and declined to print a letter of complaint from Rangel (*5). Sworn testimony before Senator John Kerry’s Subcommittee on Central Corporation Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations confirmed U.S. Analysis Example. Government complicity in the drug trade (*6).
With its coverup of the arms/drug conspiracy evaporating, the ever-accommodating Post shifted gears and retained Hosenball to exorcise from our minds a newly emerging threat to domestic tranquility, the “October Surprise” conspiracy (*7). But close on the heels of Hosenball and the Post came Barbara Honegger and then Gary Sick who authored independently, two years apart, books with the Central Corporation Essay same title, “October Surprise” (*8). Honegger was a member of the Reagan/Bush campaign and transition teams in 1980. Gary Sick, professor of Middle East Politics at Columbia University, was on the staff of the why are more suited to hot than National Security Council under Presidents Ford, Carter, and Express, Reagan. In 1989 and 1991 respectively, Honegger and Sick published their evidence of how the Republicans made a deal to supply arms to Iran if Iran would delay release of the 52 United States hostages until after the November 1980 election. The purpose of this deal was to quash the possibility of a pre-election release(an October surprise). Essay. which would have bolstered the reelection prospects for President Carter. Others published details of this alleged Reagan-Bush conspiracy. In October 1988, Playboy Magazine ran an expose “An Election Held Hostage”; FRONTLINE did another in April 1991 (*9). In June, 1991 a conference of distinguished journalists, joined by 8 of the former. hostages, challenged the Congress to “make a full, impartial investigation” of the election/hostage allegations. The Post reported the statement of the hostages, but not a word of the conference itself.
which was held in the Dirksen Senate Office Building Auditorium (*10). On February 5, 1992 a gun-shy, uninspired House of Representatives begrudgingly authorized an “October Surprise” investigation by Express Essay a task. force of 13 congressmen headed by Lee Hamilton (D-IN). who had chaired the House of Representatives Iran-Contra Committee. Hamilton has named as chief team counsel Larry Barcella, a lawyer who represented BCCI when the Bank was indicted in 1988 (*11). Like the Washington Post, Hamilton had not shown interest in pursuing the U.S. arms-for-drugs operation (*12). He had accepted Oliver North’s lies,and as Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee he derailed House Resolution 485 which had asked President Reagan to answer questions about Contra support activities of The Construction Essay government officials and others (*13). After CIA operative John. Hull (from Hamilton’s home state). was charged in Costa Rica with “international drug trafficking and hostile acts against the nation’s security”, Hamilton and 18 fellow members of Congress tried to intimidate Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez into handling Hull’s case “in a manner that will not complicate U.S.-Costa Rican. relations” (*14). The Post did not report the Hamilton letter or the Central Express Essay Costa Rican response that declared Hull’s case to be “in as good hands as our 100 year old uninterrupted democracy can provide to all citizens” (*15). Though the Post does its best to guide our thinking away from conspiracy theories, it is difficult to avoid the fact that so much wrongdoing involves government or corporate conspiracies:
In its COINTELPRO operation, the FBI used disinformation, forgery, surveillance, false arrests, and violence to winning thing, illegally harass U.S.citizens in the 60’s (*16). The CIA’s Operation MONGOOSE illegally sabotaged Cuba by “destroying crops, brutalizing citizens, destabilizing the society, and Express, conspiring with the Mafia to assassinate Fidel Castro and other leaders” (*17). “Standard Oil of New Jersey was found by the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice to be conspiring with I.G.Farben…of Germany. …By its cartel agreements with Standard Oil, the genghis khan biography United States was effectively prevented from developing or producing [fo rWorld War-II] any substantial amount of synthetic rubber,” said Senator Robert LaFollette of Wisconsin (*18). U.S. Government agencies knowingly withheld information about dosages of radiation “almost certain to Central Express Corporation Essay, produce thyroid abnormalities or cancer” that contaminated people residing near the nuclear weapons factory at Hanford, Washington (*19).
Various branches of Government deliberately drag their feet in getting around to cleaning up the Nation’s dangerous nuclear weapons sites (*20). State and local governments back the nuclear industry’s secret public relations strategy (*21). “The National Cancer Institute, the American Cancer Society and some twenty comprehensive cancer centers, have misled and What's, confused the public and Central Essay, Congress by repeated claims that we are winning the war against frida influences, cancer. In fact, the cancer establishment has continually minimized the evidence for increasing cancer rates which it has largely attributed to smoking and dietary fat, while discounting or ignoring the causal role of Central Express Corporation avoidable. eposures to industrial carcinogens in the air, food, water, and the workplace.” (*22). The Bush Administration coverup of its pre-Gulf-War support of biography Iraq “is yet another example of the Central Express Essay President’s people conspiring to keep both Congress and the American people in the dark” (*23). If you think about it, conspiracy is a fundamental aspect of What's Essay doing business in this country. Take the Corporation Essay systematic and cooperative censorship of the Persian Gulf War by the Pentagon and much of the news media (*24).
Or the is the thing widespread plans of business and government groups to spend $100 million in taxes to promote a distorted and Central, truncated history of What's Optimization? Columbus in America (*25). along the lines of the Corporation Essay Smithsonian Institution’s “fusion of the two worlds”, (*26). rather than examining more realistic aspects of the Spanish invasion, like “anger, cruelty, gold, terror, and death” (*27). Or circumstances surrounding the U.S. Justice Department theft from the INSLAW company of analysis example sophisticated, law-enforcement computer software which “now point to Central Corporation Essay, a widespread conspiracy implicating lesser Government officials in the theft of INSLAW’s technology”, says former U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson (*28). Or the burden meaning “largest bank fraud in world financial history” (*29), where the White House knew of the Central Express Corporation Essay criminal activities at white mans “the Bank of Crooks and Criminals International” (BCCI) (*30), where U.S. intelligence agencies did their secret banking (*31), and where. bribery of prominent American public officials “was a way of Corporation doing business” (*32). Or the 1949 conviction of “GM [General Motors], Standard Oil of California, Firestone, and E. Roy Fitzgerald, among others, for criminally conspiring to replace electric transportation with gas- and frida influences, diesel-powered buses and to monopolize the sale of buses and Express, related products to transportation companies throughout the country” [in, among others, the cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, St. Louis, Oakland, Salt Lake City, and Los Angeles] (*33). Or the collusion in 1973 between Senator Abraham Ribicoff (D-CT). and why are c4 plants suited to hot climates than c3 plants?, the U.S. Department of Transportation to overlook safety defects in the 1.2 million Corvair automobiles manufactured by General Motors in the early 60’s (*34).
Or the A. H. Robins Company, which manufactured the Essay Dalkon Shield intrauterine contraceptive, and which ignored repeated warnings of the Shield’s hazards and genghis khan biography, which “stonewalled, deceived, covered up, and. covered up the coverups…[thus inflicting] on women a. worldwide epidemic of pelvic infections.” (*35). Or that cooperation between McDonnell Douglas Aircraft Company and the FAA resulted in failure to enforce regulations regarding the Central unsafe DC-10 cargo door which failed in flight killing all 364 passengers on Turkish Airlines Flight 981 on March 3, 1974 (*36). Or the now-banned, cancer-producing pregnancy drug. Diethylstilbestrol (DES). Winning Only. that was sold by manufacturers who ignored tests which showed DES to be carcinogenic; and who acted “in concert with each other in Express Essay, the testing and marketing of white burden meaning DES for miscarriage purposes” (*37). Or the conspiracies among bankers and speculators, with the cooperation of Express Essay a corrupted Congress, to relieve depositors of their savings. This “arrogant disregard from the White House, Congress and genghis khan, corporate world for the interests and rights of the American people” will cost U.S. tapayers many hundreds of billions of dollars (*38). Or the Central Corporation Essay Westinghouse, Allis Chalmers,Federal Pacific, and General Electric executives who met surreptitiously in hotel rooms to fix prices and eliminate competition on heavy industrial equipment (*39). Or the convictions of Industrial Biotest Laboratories (IBT). Frida Influences. officers for fabricating safety tests on Corporation Essay prescription drugs (*40). Or the conspiracy by frida kahlo the asbestos industry to suppress knowledge of medical problemsrelating to asbestos (*41).
Or the 1928 Achnacarry Agreement through which oil companies “agreed not to engage in Central Essay, any effective price competition” (*42). Or the why are to hot climates than c3 plants? conspiracy among U.S. Express Corporation Essay. Government agencies and the Congress to cartoon example, cover up the nature of our decades-old war against Express, the people of Nicaragua. a covert war that continues in 1992 with the U.S. Government applying pressure for the Nicaraguan police to genghis khan biography, reorganize into a more repressive force (*43).
Or the conspiracy by Corporation Essay the CIA and the U.S. Government to interfere in the Chilean election process with military aid, covert actions, and an economic boycott which culminated in the overthrow of the legitimately elected government and the assassination of President Salvador Allende in 1973 (*44). Or the conspiracy among U.S. officials including Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and CIA Director William Colby to finance terrorism in Angola for the purpose of disrupting Angola’s plans for peaceful elections in October 1975, and to lie about What's Schedule Optimization? Essay these actions to the Congress and the news media (*45). And CIA Director George Bush’s subsequent cover up of this U.S.-sponsored terrorism (*46). Or President George Bush’s consorting with the Pentagon to invade Panama in 1989 and thereby violate the Constitution of the United States, the U.N. Charter, the O.A.S. Charter, and the Panama Canal Treaties (*47). Or the Essay “gross antitrust violations” (*48) and the conspiracy of American oil companies and the British and U.S. The Construction Essay. governments to strangle Iran economically after Iran nationalized the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in 1951. And the subsequent overthrow by the CIA in 1953 of Iranian Prime Minister Muhammed Mossadegh (*49). Or the Central Essay CIA-planned assassination of frida Congo head-of-state Patrice Lumumba (*50). Or the Corporation deliberate and wilful efforts of President George Bush, Senator Robert Dole, Senator George Mitchell, various U.S.
Government agencies, and members of both Houses of the Congress to mans burden, buy the 1990 Nicaraguan national elections for the presidential candidate supported by President Bush (*51). Or the collective approval by 64 U.S. Senators of Robert Gates to Central Corporation, head the Optimization? Essay CIA, in the face of “unmistakable evidence that Gates lied about his role in Central Corporation Essay, the Iran-Contra scandal” (*52). Or “How Reagan and the Pope Conspired to Assist Poland’s Solidarity Movement and Hasten the Demise of Communism” (*53). Or how the Reagan Administration connived with the cartoon example Vatican to ban the use of USAID funds by any country “for the promotion of birth control or abortion” (*54). Or “the way the Vatican and Washington colluded to achieve common purpose in Central America” (*55). Or the collaboration of Guatemalan strong-man and mass murderer Hector Gramajo with the Express Essay U.S. Army to genghis khan, design “programs to Central Express, build civilian-military cooperation” at analysis example the U.S. Army School of the Americas (SOA) at Fort Benning, Georgia; five of the nine soldiers accused in the 1989 Jesuit massacre in El Salvador are graduates of SOA which trains Latin/American military personnel (*56).
Or the conspiracy of the Comanche Peak Nuclear Plant administration to harass and cause bodily harm to whistleblower Linda Porter who uncovered dangerous working conditions at Central Corporation Essay the facility (*57). Or the conspiracy of President Richard Nxion and the Government of South Vietnam to white meaning, delay the Paris Peace Talks until after the Central Essay 1968 U.S. presidential election (*58). Or the pandemic coverups of police violence (*59). Or the always safe-to-cite worldwide communist conspiracy (*60). Or maybe the socially responsible, secret consortium to publish The Satanic Verses in paperback (*61). Conspiracies are obviously a way to get things done, and the Washington Post offers little comment unless conspiracy theorizing threatens to expose a really important conspiracy that, let’s say, benefits big business or big government. Such a conspiracy would be like our benevolent CIA’s 1953 overthrow of the Iranian government to help out U.S. oil companies; or like our illegal war against Panama to tighten U.S. control over Panama and the Canal; or like monopoly control of broadcasting that facilitates corporate censorship on issues of public importance (*62). When the camouflage of such conspiracies is stripped away, public confidence in the conspiring officials can erode — depending on how seriously the citizenry perceives the conspiracy to have violated the public trust. Analysis. Erosion of public trust in the status quo is what the Post seems to.
see as a real threat to its corporate security. Currently, the Post has mounted vituperative, frenzied attacks on Oliver Stone’s movie “JFK”, which reexamines the U.S. Government’s official (Warren Commission. finding that a single gunman, acting alone, killed President John F. Kennedy. The movie also is the story of Central Express New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison’s unsuccessful prosecution of Clay Shaw, the only person ever tried in connection. with the assassination. And the movie proposes that the Kennedy assassination was the work of Schedule conspirators whose interests would not be served by a president who, had he lived, might have disengaged us from Central Express Essay, our war against Vietnam. The Post ridicules a reexamination of the Kennedy assassination along lines suggested by winning “JFK”.
Senior Post journalists like Charles Krauthammer, Ken Ringle, George Will, Phil McCombs, and Michael Isikoff, have been called up to man the bulwarks against Central Express Corporation, public sentiment which has never supported the government’s non-conspiratorial assassination thesis. What's The Construction Schedule Essay. In spite of the Corporation Essay facts that the is the only Senate Intelligence Committee of 1975 and 1976 found that “both the Essay FBI and CIA had repeatedly lied to the Warren Commission” (*63) and that the 1979 Report of the House Select Committee on Assassinations found that President Kennedy was probably killed “as a result of a conspiracy” (*64), a truly astounding number of Post stories have been used as vehicles to discredit “JFK” as just another conspiracy (*65). Some of the more vicious attacks on the movie are by editor Stephen Rosenfeld, and journalists Richard Cohen, George Will, and George Lardner Jr (*66). They ridicule the idea that Kennedy could have had second thoughts about escalating the Vietnam War and declaim that there is no historical justification for this idea. Seasoned journalist Peter Dale Scott, former Pentagon/CIA liaison chief L. Fletcher Prouty, and investigators David Scheim and John Newman have each authored defense of the “JFK” thesis that Kennedy was not enthusiastic about staying in Vietnam (*67). But the Post team just continues ranting against the possibility of a high-level assassination conspiracy while offering little justification for its arguments. An example of particularly shabby scholarship and khan, unacceptable behavior is George Lardner Jr’s contribution to the Post’s campaign against the movie. Lardner wrote three articles, two before the movie was completed, and Central Essay, the third upon its release.
In May, six months before the movie came out, Lardner obtained a copy of the first draft. of the script and, contrary to accepted standards, revealed in the Post the contents of this copyrighted movie (*68). Also in this article, (*69). Lardner discredits Jim Garrison with hostile statements from genghis khan biography, a former Garrison associate Pershing Gervais. Lardner.
does not tell the reader that subsequent to the Clay Shaw trial, in Express, a U.S. Government criminal action brought against Garrison, Government witness Gervais, who helped set up Garrison for is the thing prosecution, admitted under oath that in a May 1972 interview with a New Orleans television reporter, he, Gervais, had said that the U.S. Express Essay. Government’s case against The Construction, Garrison was a fraud (*70). Essay. The Post’s 1973 account of cartoon thebr Garrison acquittal mentions this controversy, but when I recently asked Lardner about this, he was not clear as to Essay, whether he remembered. Two weeks after his first “JFK” article, Lardner blustered his way through a justification for his unauthorized possession of the The Construction early draft ofthe movie (*72). He also defended his reference to Pershing Gervais by Central Corporation lashing out at Garrison as a writer “of gothic fiction”. When the genghis movie was released in December, Lardner “reviewed” it (*73). He again ridiculed the film’s thesis that following the Essay Kennedy assassination, President Johnson reversed Kennedy’s plans to de-escalate the Vietnam War. Lardner cited a memorandum issued by. Johnson four days after Kennedy died. Is The. Lardner says this memorandum was written before the assassination, and that it “was a continuation of Kennedy’s policy”.
In fact, the memorandum was drafted the day before the assassination by McGeorge Bundy (Kennedy’s Assistant for National Security Affairs) Kennedy was in Texas, and may never have seen it. Following the Express Corporation Essay assassination, it was rewritten; and the final version provided for escalating the war against Vietnam (*74) — facts that Lardner avoided. The Post’s crusade against exposing conspiracies is blatantly dishonest: The Warren Commission inquiry into the Kennedy Assassination was for frida the most part conducted in Central Corporation, secret. This fact is buried in the Post (*75). Nor do current readers of khan biography this newspaper find meaningful discussion of the Warren Commission’s secret doubts about both the FBI. and the CIA (*76). Or of a dispatch from CIA headquarters instructing co-conspirators at field stations to counteract the “new wave of books and Express, articles criticizing the [Warren] Commission’s findings…[and] conspiracy theories …[that] have frequently thrown suspicion on our organization” and to winning is the thing, “discuss the publicity problem with liaison and friendly elite contacts, especially politicians and Express Corporation, editors “and to”employ propaganda assets to answer and is the thing, refute the attacks of the critics. Central. …Book reviews and feature articles are particularly. appropriate for this purpose. …The aim of this dispatch is to provide material for countering and frida influences, discrediting the Central Corporation Essay claims of the conspiracy theorists…” (*77).
In 1979, Washington journalist Deborah Davis published Katharine The Great, the story of Post publisher Katharine Graham and her newspaper’s close ties with Washington’s powerful elite, a number of whom were with the CIA. Particularly irksome to Post editor Benjamin Bradlee was a Davis claim that Bradlee had “produced CIA material” (*78). Understandably sensitive about this kind of publicity, Bradlee told Davis’ publisher Harcourt Brace Jovanovich ,”Miss Davis is lying …I never produced. CIA material …what I can do is to c4 plants more to hot c3 plants?, brand Miss Davis as a fool and to put your company in that special little group of publishers who don’t give a shit for the truth”. The Post bullied HBJ into recalling the Central Essay book; HBJ shredded 20,000 copies; Davis sued HBJ for breach of contract and damage to reputation; HBJ settled out of court; and genghis biography, Davis. published her book elsewhere with an appendix that demonstrated Bradlee to have been deeply involved with producing cold-war/CIA propaganda (*79). Bradlee still says the allegations about his association with people in the CIA are false, but he has apparently taken no action to contest the xetensive documentation presented by. Deborah Davis in the second and third editions of her book (*80). And it’s not as if the Post were new to conspiracy work. Former Washington Post publisher Philip Graham “believing that the function of the press was more often than not to mobilize consent for Central the policies of the frida government, was one of the architects of what became a widespread practice: the use and manipulation of journalists by the CIA” (*81). This scandal was known by Express Corporation its code name Operation MOCKINGBIRD.
Former Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein cites a former CIA deputy director as saying, “It was widely known that Phil Graham was someone you could get help from” (*82). More recently the Post provided cover for meaning CIA personality Joseph Fernandez by Essay “refusing to analysis, print his name for over a year up until the day his indictment was announced …for crimes committed in his official capacity as CIA station chief in Corporation Essay, Costa Rica” (*83). Of the meetings between Graham and why are c4 plants climates, his CIA acquaintances at which the availability and prices of journalists were discussed, a former CIA man recalls, “You could get a journalist cheaper than a good call girl, for Essay a couple hundred dollars a month” (*84). One may wish to. consider Philip Graham’s philosophy along with a more recent statement from his wife Katharine Graham, current Chairman of the Board of the Washington Post. In a lecture on terrorism and the news media, Mrs. Graham said: “A second challenge facing the media is biography how to Express Essay, prevent. terrorists from using the media as a platform fortheir views. … The point is khan that we generally know when we are being manipulated, and we’ve learned better how and where to draw the line, though the Express Essay decisions are often difficult” (*85). Today, the Post and is the only thing, its world of big business are apparently terrified that our elite and our high-level public officials may be exposed as conspirators behind Contra drug-smuggling, October Surprise, or the. assassination of Corporation Essay President Kennedy. This fear is truly remarkable in frida kahlo influences, that, like most of us and like most institutions, the Post runs its business as a conspiracy of like-minded entrepreneurs — a conspiracy.
“to act or work together toward the same result or goal” (*86). But where the Post really parts company from Express, just plain people is when it pretends that conspiracies associated with big business or government are “coincidence”. Post reporter Lardner vents the frustration. inherent in having to maintain this dichotomy. Genghis Khan. He lashes out at Oliver Stone and suggests that Stone may actually believe that the Post’s opposition to Stone’s movie is a “conspiracy”.
Lardner assures us that Stone’s complaints are “groundless and paranoid and smack of McCarthyism” (*87). So how does the Post justify devoting so much energy to ridiculing those who investigate conspiracies? The Post has answers: people revert to conspiracy theories because they need something “neat and tidy” (*88) that “plugs a gap no other generally accepted theory fills’, (*89. and “coincidence …is always the safest and most likely explanation for any conjunction of curious. And what does this response mean? It means that “coincidence theory” is Central what the Post espouses when it would prefer not to admit to frida influences, a conspiracy. In other words, some things just “happen”. And, besides, conspiracy to do certain things would be a crime; “coincidence” is a. Post Ombudsman Richard Harwood, who, it is rumored, serves as Executive Director of the Benevolent Protective Order of Coincidence Theorists, (*91) recently issued a warning about presidential candidates “who have begun to mutter about a press conspiracy”. Essay. Ordinarily, Harwood would simply dismiss these charges as “symptoms of the media paranoia that quadrennially engulfs members of the genghis khan American political class” (*92).
But a fatal mistake was made by the mutterers; they used the “C” word against the PRESS! And Harwood exploded his off-the-cuff comment into an entire column — ending it with:”We are the new journalists, immersed too long, perhaps, in the cleansing. waters of Central Express Essay political conformity. But conspirators we ain’t”. Distinguished investigative journalist Morton Mintz, a 29-year veteran of the Washington Post, now chairs the Fund for Investigative Journalism.
In the cartoon analysis example December issue of The Progressive, Mintz wrote “A Reporter Looks Back in Anger — Why the Media Cover Up Corporate Crime”. Therein he discussed the difficulties in convincing editors to. accept important news stories. Express Corporation Essay. He illustrated the article with his own experiences at winning is the only the Post, where he says he was known as “the biggest pain in the ass in the office” (*93). Would Harwood argue that grief endured by journalists at the hands of editors is Express Corporation a matter of random coincidence? And that such policy as Mintz described is made independently by editors without influence from fellow editors or from management? Would Harwood have us believe that at the countless office “meetings” in winning only, which news people are ever in attendance, there is no discussion of. which stories will run and which ones will find inadequate space? That there is no advanced planning for stories or that there are no cooperative efforts among the staff?
Or that in the face of our news-media “grayout” of Express Essay presidential candidate Larry Agran, (*94) a Post journalist would be free to give news space to analysis example, candidate Agran equal to that the Post lavishes on Central Express Essay candidate Clinton? Let’s face it: these possibilities are about winning only thing as likely as Barbara Bush entertaining guests at a soup kitchen. Would Harwood have us believe that media critic and former Post Ombudsman Ben Bagdikian is telling less than the truth in his account of Central Express Essay wire-service control over why are climates c3 plants?, news: “The largely anonymous men who control the syndicate and wire service copy desks and Central Essay, the central wire photo machines determine at a single decision what millions will see and more to hot climates than, hear. Central Corporation. …there seems to be little doubt that these gatekeepers preside over an operation in which an mans burden meaning appalling amount of press agentry sneaks in the back door of American journalism and marches untouched out the front door as ‘news'” (*95). When he sat on the U.S. Express Corporation. District Court of Appeals in Washington, Judge Clarence Thomas violated U.S. law when he failed to white mans burden meaning, remove himself from a case in which he then proceeded to reverse a $10 million judgment against the Ralston Purina Company (*96). Ralston Purina, the. animal feed empire, is the family fortune of Thomas’ mentor, Senator John Danforth. The Post limited its coverage of the Thomas malfeasance to 56 words buried in Corporation, the middle of a 1200-word article (*97). Suited Than. Would.
Harwood have us believe that the almost complete blackout on this matter by the major news media and the U.S. Senate was a matter of coincidence? Could a Post reporter have written a story about Ralston Purina if she had wanted to? Can a brick swim? Or take the fine report produced last September by Central Express Corporation Essay Ralph Nader’s Public Citizen. Titled All the Vice President’s Men, it documents “How the Quayle Council on why are more suited climates than c3 plants? Competitiveness Secretly Undermines Health,
Safety, and Environmental Programs”. Three months later, Post journalists David Broder and Express Essay, Bob Woodward published “The President’s Understudy”, a seven-part series on Vice President Quayle. Although this series does address Quayle’s role with the only Competitiveness. Council, its handling of the Council’s disastrous impact on America is inadequate. It is Central Express Corporation Essay 40,000 words of mostly aimless chatter about thing Quayle memorabilia: youth, family, college record, Christianity, political aspirations, intellectual aspirations, wealthy friends, government. associates, golf, travels, wife Marilyn, and net worth — revealing little about Quayle’s abilities, his understanding of society’s problems, or his thoughts about justice and freedom, and never mentioning the comprehensive Nader study of Central Express Corporation Essay Quayle’s record in analysis, the.
Bush Administration (*98). Now, did Broder or did Woodward forget about the Nader study? Or did both of them forget? Or did one, or the other, or both decide not to mention it? Did these two celebrated, seasoned Post reporters ever discuss together their jointly authored stories? Did they decide to publish such a barren set of articles because it would enhance their reputations? How did management feel about the use of precious news space for such frivolity?
Is it possible that so many pages were dedicated to this twaddle without people “acting or working together toward the same result or goal”? (*99) Do crocodiles fly? On March 20, front-page headlines in the Wall Street Journal, the Central Corporation New York Times, USA Today, and What's The Construction Optimization?, the Washington Post read respectively: TSONGAS DROPPED OUT OF THE PRESIDENTIAL RACE CLEARING CLINTON’S PATH. TSONGAS ABANDONS CAMPAIGN LEAVING CLINTON CLEAR PATH TOWARD SHOWDOWN. TSONGAS CLEARS WAY FOR CLINTON. TSONGAS EXIT CLEARS WAY FOR CLINTON. This display of editorial independence should at least raise questions of whether the news media collective mindset is really different from Corporation, that of cartoon example any other cartel — like oil, diamond, energy, (*100) or manufacturing cartels, a cartel being “a combination of independent. commercial enterprises designed to limit competition” (*101). The Washington Post editorial page carries the heading: AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER.
Is it? Of course not. There probably is no such thing. Does the Post”conspire” to keep its staff and its newspaper from Central Express Corporation Essay, wandering too far from the safety of khan mediocrity? The Post would respond that the question is absurd. In that I am not privy to the Post’s telephone. conversations, I can only speculate on how closely the media elite must monitor the staff. But we all know how few micro-seconds it takes a new reporter to learn what subjects are taboo and what are “safe”, and that experienced reporters don’t have to ask.
What is Essay more important, however, than speculating about how the Post communicates within its own corporate structure and with other members of the cartel, is to document and publicize what the Post does in public, namely, how it shapes and censors the news. Julian C. Holmes. Copies to: Public-spirited citizens, both inside and outside the news media, And – maybe a few others. 1. Mark Hosenball, “The Ultimate Conspiracy”, Washington Post, September 11, 1988, p.C1. 2a. Julian Holmes, Letter to Washington Post Ombudsman Richard Harwood, June 4,1991. Notes that the Post censored, from the Anderson/Van Atta column, references to the Christic Institute and to Robert Gates. 2b. Jack Anderson and frida, Dale Van Atta, “Iran-Contra Figure Dodges Extradition”, Washington Merry-Go-Round, United Feature Syndicate, May 26, 1991. This is the Central Express Corporation Essay column submitted to kahlo influences, the Post (see note 2a)..
2c. Jack Anderson and Central Corporation Essay, Dale Van Atta, “The Man Washington Doesn’t Want to Extradite”, Washington Post, May 26, 1991. The column (see note 2b). as it appeared in the Post (see note 2a).. 3a. Case No.
86-1146-CIV-KING, Amended Complaint for RICO Conspiracy, etc., United States District Court, Southern District of Florida, Tony Avirgan and white, Martha Honey v. John Hull et al., October 3, 1986. 3b. Central. Vince Bielski and Dennis Bernstein, “Reports: Contras Send Drugs to U.S.”, Cleveland Plain Dealer, November 16, 1986. 3c. Neal Matthews, “I Ran Drugs for Uncle Sam” (based on interviews with Robert Plumlee, contra resupply pilot)., San Diego Reader, April 5, 1990.
4. Leslie Cockburn, Out of Control. Why Are C4 Plants Suited To Hot Climates Than C3 Plants?. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1987. 5a. Peter Dale Scott and Jonathan Marshall, Cocaine Politics, University ofCalifornia Press, 1991, p.179-181. 5b. Express Corporation. David S. Hilzenrath, “Hill Panel Finds No Evidence Linking Contras to Drug Smuggling”, Washington Post, July 22, 1987, p.A07. 5c. Partial correction to the Washington Post of July 22, Washington Post, July 24,1987, p.A3. 5d. Winning. The Washington Post declined to publish SubCommittee Chairman Rangel’s Letter- to-the-Editor of Corporation Essay July 22, 1987.
It was printed in the Congressional Record on August 6, 1987, p.E3296-7. 6a. Michael Kranish, “Kerry Says US Turned Blind Eye to Contra-Drug Trail”, Boston Globe, April 10, 1988. 6b. Mary McGrory, “The Contra-Drug Stink”, Washington Post, April 10, 1988, p.B1.
6c. Robert Parry with Rod Nordland, “Guns for Drugs? Senate Probers Trace an Old Contra Connection to genghis khan, George Bush’s Office”, Newsweek, May 23, 1988, p.22. 6d. Dennis Bernstein, “Iran-Contra — The Coverup Continues”, The Progressive, November 1988, p.24. 6e. “Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy”, A Report Prepared by the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, December 1988.
7a. Mark Hosenball, “If It’s October … Then It’s Time for an Iranian Conspiracy Theory”, Washington Post, October 9, 1988, p.D1. 7b. Central Express. Mark Hosenball, “October Surprise! Redux! The Latest Version of the 1980 ‘Hostage- Deal’ Story Is Still Full of Holes”, Washington Post, April 21, 1991,p.B2. 8a. Barbara Honegger, October Surprise, New York: Tudor, 1989. 8b.
Gary Sick, October Surprise, New York: Times Books, Random House, 1991. 9a. Abbie Hoffman and Jonathan Silvers, “An Election Held Hostage”, Playboy, October 1988, p.73. 9b. Frida Kahlo Influences. Robert Parry and Robert Ross, “The Election Held Hostage”, FRONTLINE, WGBH-TV,April 16, 1991. 10a. Reuter, “Ex-Hostages Seek Probe By Congress”, Washington Post, June 14,1991,p.A4. 10b. Central. “An Election Held Hostage?”, Conference, Dirksen Senate Office Building Auditorium, Washington DC, June 13, 1991; Sponsored by kahlo influences The Fund For New Priorities in America, 171 Madison Avenue, New York, NY, 10016. 11a.
David Brown and Guy Gugliotta, “House Approves Inquiry Into ‘OctoberSurprise'”, Washington Post, February 6, 1992, p.A11. 11b. Jack Colhoun, “Lawmakers Lose Nerve on October Surprise”, The Guardian, December 11, 1991, p.7. 11c. Jack Colhoun, “October Surprise Probe Taps BCCI Lawyer”, The Guardian, February 26, 1992, p.3. 12. See note 5a, p.180-1.
13a. See note 4, p.229, 240-1. 13b. Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating the Iran-Contra Affair, Senate Report No. 100-216, House Report No. Central Express Essay. 100-433, November 1987, p.139-141. 14a.
Letter to His Excellency Oscar Arias Sanchez, President of the Republic of Costa Rica; from Members of the U.S. Congress David Dreier, Lee Hamilton, Dave McCurdy, Dan Burton, Mary Rose Oakar, Jim Bunning, Frank McCloskey, Cass Ballenger, Peter Kostmayer, Jim Bates, Douglas Bosco, James Inhofe, Thomas Foglietta, Rod Chandler, Ike Skelton, Howard Wolpe, Gary Ackerman, Robert Lagomarsino, and Bob McEwen; January 26, 1989. 14b. White Burden Meaning. Peter Brennan, “Costa Rica Considers Seeking Contra Backer in U.S. — Indiana Native Wanted on Murder Charge in 1984 Bomb Attack in Central Express Corporation Essay, Nicaragua”, WashingtonPost, February 1, 1990. 14c. Cartoon Analysis Example. “Costa Rica Seeks Extradition of Indiana Farmer”, Scripps-Howard News Service,April 25, 1991. 15. Press Release from the Costa Rican Embassy, Washington DC, On the Case of the Central Express Corporation Imprisonment of Costa Rican Citizen John Hull”, February 6, 1989. 16. Brian Glick, War at Home, Boston: South End Press, 1989. 17.
John Stockwell, The Praetorian Guard– The U.S. Role in the New World Order, Boston: South End Press, 1991, p.121. 18. Hearings Before the Committee on Patents, United States Senate, 77th Cong., 2nd Session (1942)., part I, as cited in Joseph Borkin, The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Only Thing. Farben, New York: The Free Press, Macmillan, 1978, p.93. 19. R. Jeffrey Smith, “Study of A-Plant Neighbors’ Health Urged”, Washington Post, July 13, 1990, p.A6. 20. Central Corporation Essay. Tom Horton, “A Cost Higher Than the Peace Dividend — Price Tag Mounts to Clean Up Nuclear Weapons Sites”, Baltimore Sun, February 23, 1992, p.1K.
21. “The Nuclear Industry’s Secret PR Strategy”, EXTRA!, March 1992, p.15. 22a. Samuel S. Schedule Optimization? Essay. Epstein, MD et al, Losing the War Against Cancer: Need for PublicPolicy Reform”, Congressional Record, April 2, 1992, p.E947-9. 22b. Samuel S. Epstein, “The Cancer Establishment”, Washington Post, March 10, 1992.
23a. Central Express Essay. Hon. Henry B. Gonzalez, “Efforts to winning only thing, Thwart Investigation of the BNL Scandal”, Congressional Record, March 30, 1992, p.H2005-2014. 23b. Hon. Central Essay. David E. Skaggs (CO)., White House Spin Control on Pre-War Iraq Policy”, Congressional Record, April 2, 1992, p.H2285. 23c.
Nicholas Rostow, Special Assistant to influences, the President and Legal Adviser, Memorandum to Corporation Essay, Jeanne S. Archibald et al, “Meeting on kahlo influences congressional requests for information and documents”, April 8, 1991; Congressional Record, April 2, 1992,p.H2285. 24a. Michio Kaku, “Operation Desert Lie: Pentagon Confesses”, The. Guardian, March11, 1992, p.4. 24b. J. Max Robins, “NBC’s Unaired Iraq Tapes Not a Black and Corporation, White Case”, Variety Magazine, March 4, 1991, p.25. 25. Emory R. Searcy Jr., Clergy and Laity Concerned, Spring 1991 Letter to”Friends”, p.1.
26. Frida Kahlo Influences. Jean Dimeo, “Selling Hispanics on Columbus — Luis Vasquez-Ajmac Is Hired to Promote Smithsonian Project”, Washington Post, November 18, 1991, p.Bus.8. 27. Express Corporation Essay. Hans Koning, “Teach the winning is the only thing Truth About Columbus”, Washington Post, September 3,1991, p.A19. 28a. James Kilpatrick, “Software-Piracy Case Emitting Big Stench”, St. Express. Louis Post/Dispatch, March 18, 1991, p.3B. Kahlo Influences. Elliot L. Essay. Richardson, “A High-Tech Watergate”, New York Times, October 21,1991. 29. “BCCI — NBC Sunday Today”, February 23, 1992, p.12; transcript prepared by mans Burrelle’s Information Services. The quote is from Central Corporation, New York District Attorney Robert Morgenthau who is running his own independent investigation of frida BCCI.
30. Norman Bailey, former Reagan White House intelligence analyst; from an interview with Mark Rosenthal of NBC News. See note 29, p.5. 31. Jack Colhoun, “BCCI Skeletons Haunting Bush’s Closet”, The Guardian, September 18, 1991, p.9. 32.
Robert Morgenthau. See note 29, p.10. 33. Express Corporation. Russell Mokhiber, Corporate Crime and Violence, San Francisco: Sierra ClubBooks, 1989 paperback edition, p.227. 34. See note 33, p.136-7. 35. Morton Mintz, At Any Cost: Corporate Greed, Women, and the Dalkon Shield, NewYork: Pantheon, 1985. Biography. As cited in Mokhiber, see note 33, p.157. 36.
See note 33, p.164-171. 37. See note 33, p.172-180. 38. Michael Waldman, Who Robbed America?, New York: Random House, 1990. The quote is from Ralph Nader’s Introduction, p.iii. 39.
See note 33, p.217. 40. See note 33, p.235. 41. See note 33, p.277-288. 42. See note 33, p.323. 43. Central Express Corporation Essay. Katherine Hoyt Gonzalez, Nicaragua Network Education Fund Newsletter, March1992, p.1. 44.
William Blum, The CIA — A Forgotten History, London: Zed Books Ltd., 1986,p.232-243. 45a. John Stockwell, In Search of Enemies, New York: Norton, 1978. 45b. See note 44, p.284-291. 46. See note 17, p.18. 47a. Letter to President George Bush from The Ad Hoc Committee for Panama (James Abourezk et al)., January 10, 1990; published in The Nation, February 5, 1990, p.163. 47b. Philip E. Wheaton, Panama, Trenton NJ: Red Sea Press, 1992, p.145-7.
48a. Morton Mintz and c4 plants suited than c3 plants?, Jerry S. Cohen, Power, Inc., New York: Bantam Books, 1977,p.521. 48b. “The International Oil Cartel”, Federal Trade Commission, December 2, 1949. Cited in Express Corporation, 48a, p.521. 49a. See note 44, p.67-76.
49b. See note 48a, p.530-1. 50. Ralph W. McGehee, Deadly Deceits, New York: Sheridan Square Publications, 1983,p.60. 51.
HR-3385, “An Act to Provide Assistance for Free and Fair Elections in What's Schedule Essay, Nicaragua”. Central. Passed the U.S. House of Representatives on October 4, 1989 by avote of 263 to burden, 136, and the Senate on October 17 by a vote of 64 to 35. 52. Jack Colhoun, “Gates Oozing Trail of Lies, Gets Top CIA Post”, The Guardian,November 20, 1991, p.6. 53. Carl Bernstein, Time, February 24, 1992, Cover Story p.28-35. 54. “The U.S. and the Vatican on Birth Control”, Time, February 24, 1992, p.35. 55. “Time’s Missing Link: Poland to Latin America”, National Catholic Reporter,February 28, 1992, p.24. 56a.
Jim Lynn, “School of Americas Commander Hopes to Expand Mission”, Benning Patriot, February 21, 1992, p.12. 56b. Vicky Imerman, “U.S. Army School of the Americas Plans Expansion”, News Release from S.O.A. Watch, P.O. Bo 3330, Columbus, Georgia 31903. 57. 60 MINUTES, CBS, March 8, 1992. 58. Jack Colhoun, “Tricky Dick’s Quick Election Fix”, The Guardian, January 29,1992, p.18.
59a. Sean P. Murphy, “Several Probes May Have Ignored Evidence Against Police”, Boston Globe, July 28, 1991, p.1. 59b. Christopher B. Daly, “Pattern of Police Abuses Reported in Boston Case”, Washington Post, July 12, 1991, p.A3. 59c. Associated Press, “Dayton Police Probing Erasure of Arrest Video”, WashingtonPost, May 26, 1991, p.A20. 59d. Gabriel Escobar, “Deaf Man’s Death In Police Scuffle Called Homicide”, Washington Post, May 18, 1991, p.B1. 59e. Jay Mathews, “L.A. Corporation. Police Laughed at biography Beating”, Washington Post, March 19, 1991, p.A1.
59f. Express. David Maraniss, “One Cop’s View of Police Violence”, Washington Post, April 12,1991, p.A1. 59g. Cartoon. From News Services, “Police Abuse Detailed”, Washington Post, February 8, 1992,p.A8. 60. Express. Michael Dobbs, “Panhandling the Kremlin: How Gus Hall Got Millions”, Washington Post, March 1, 1992, p.A1.
61. David Streitfeld, “Secret Consortium To Publish Rushdie In Paperback”, Washington Post, March 14, 1992, p.D1. 62a. See notes 48 and 49. 62b. See note 47b, p.63-76. 62c. “Fairness In Broadcasting Act of 1987”, U.S. Senate Bill S742. 62d. “Now Let That ‘Fairness’ Bill Die”, Editorial, Washington Post, June 24, 1987.
The Post opposed the Fairness in Broadcasting Act. 63. David E. Scheim, Contract on America — The Mafia Murder of President John F.Kennedy, New York: Shapolsky Publishers, 1988, p.viii. 64. Frida Kahlo Influences. See note 63, p.28. 65a.
Chuck Conconi, “Out and About”, Washington Post, February 26, 1991, p.B3. 65b. George Lardner Jr., “On the Set: Dallas in Wonderland”, Washington Post, May19, 1991, p.D1. 65c. George Lardner, “…Or Just a Sloppy Mess”, Washington Post, June 2, 1991,p.D3. 65d. Central. Charles Krauthammer, “A Rash of Conspiracy Theories — When Do We Dig Up BillCasey?”, Washington Post, July 5, 1991, p.A19. 65e. Eric Brace, “Personalities”, Washington Post, October 31, 1991, p.C3.
65f. Associated Press, “‘JFK’ Director Condemned — Warren Commission Attorney Calls Stone Film ‘A Big Lie'”, Washington Post, December 16, 1991, p.D14. 65g. Gerald R. Cartoon. Ford and Central Essay, David W. Belin, “Kennedy Assassination: How About the Truth?”, Washington Post, December 17, 1991, p.A21. 65h. Rita Kemply, “‘JFK’: History Through A Prism”, Washington Post, December 20,1991, p.D1. 65i. George Lardner Jr., “The Way it Wasn’t — In ‘JFK’, Stone Assassinates the Truth”, Washington Post, December 20, 1991, p.D2. 65j. Desson Howe, “Dallas Mystery: Who Shot JFK?”, Washington Post, December 20,1991, p.55. 65k.
Phil McCombs, “Oliver Stone, Returning the Fire — In Defending His ‘JFK’ Conspiracy Film, the Director Reveals His Rage and Reasoning”, Washington Post, December 21, 1991, p.F1. 65l. George F. Will, “‘JFK’: Paranoid History”, Washington Post, December 26, 1991,p.A23. 65m. “On Screen”, ‘JFK’ movie review, Washington Post, Weekend, December 27, 1991. 65n. Stephen S. Winning. Rosenfeld, “Shadow Play”, Washington Post, December 27, 1991, p.A21. 65o. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, “The Paranoid Style”, Washington Post, December 29,1991, p.C7. 65p. Michael Isikoff, “H-e-e-e-e-r-e’s Conspiracy! — Why Did Oliver Stone Omit (Or Suppress!). the Role of Johnny Carson?”, Washington Post, December 29, 1991,p.C2.
65q. Express Corporation Essay. Robert O’Harrow Jr., “Conspiracy Theory Wins Converts — Moviegoers Say ‘JFK’ Nourishes Doubts That Oswald Acted Alone”, Washington Post, January 2, 1992, p.B1. 65r. Michael R. Beschloss, “Assassination and Obsession”, Washington Post, January 5, 1992, p.C1. 65s. Charles Krauthammer, “‘JFK’: A Lie, But Harmless”, Washington Post, January 10,1992, p.A19. 65t.
Art Buchwald, “Bugged: The Flu Conspiracy”, Washington Post, January 14, 1992,p.E1. 65u. Ken Ringle, “The Fallacy of Conspiracy Theories — Good on why are more to hot Film, But the Motivation Is All Wrong”, Washington Post, January 19, 1992, p.G1. 65v. Charles Paul Freund, “If History Is a Lie — America’s Resort to Express Essay, Conspiracy Thinking”, Washington Post, January 19, 1992, p.C1. 65w. Richard Cohen, “Oliver’s Twist”, Washington Post Magazine, January 19, 1992, p.5. 65. Michael Isikoff, “Seeking JFK’s Missing Brain”, Washington Post, January 21,1992, p.A17. 65y.
Don Oldenburg, “The Plots Thicken — Conspiracy Theorists Are Everywhere”, Washington Post, January 28, 1992, p.E5. 65z. Joel Achenbach, “JFK Conspiracy: Myth vs. the more to hot climates Facts”, Washington Post, February 28, 1992, p.C5. 65A. List of books on the best-seller list: On the Trail of the Assassins is Corporation characterized as “conspiracy plot theories”, Washington Post, March 8, 1992,Bookworld, p.12. 66.
See notes 65n, 65w, 65l, 65b, 65c, and 65i. 67a. What's The Construction Schedule. Peter Dale Scott, “Vietnamization and the Drama of the Pentagon Papers”. Published in The Senator Gravel Edition of Central Express Essay The Pentagon Papers, Volume V,p.211-247. 67b. Peter Dale Scott, The War Conspiracy — The Secret Road to the Second Indochina War, Indianapolis/New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972, p. 215-224.
67c. Cartoon Analysis. L. Fletcher Prouty, The Secret Team, Copyright 1973. Central Corporation. New printing, Costa Mesa CA: Institute for Historical Review, 1990, p.402-416. 67d. See note 63, p.58, 183, 187, 194, 273-4. 67e. Is The. John M. Newman, JFK and Vietnam, New York: Warner Books, 1992. 67f.
Peter Dale Scott, Letter to Central Express Essay, the Editor, The Nation, March 9, 1992, p.290. 68a. See note 65b. 68b. Oliver Stone, “The Post, George Lardner, and why are suited c3 plants?, My Version of the JFK Assassination”, Washington Post, June 2, 1991, p.D3. 69. See note 65b. 70. Jim Garrison, On the Trail of The Assassins, New York: Warner Books, 1988, 315/318.
71. Associated Press, “Garrison, 2 Others, Found Not Guilty Of Bribery Charge”, Washington Post, September 28, 1973, p.A3. 72. See note 65c. 73. See note 65i. 74. See note 67e, p.438-450. 75.
John G. Leyden, “Historians, Buffs, and Crackpots”, Washington Post, Bookworld, January 26, 1992, p.8. 76a. Central Express. Tad Szulc, “New Doubts, Fears in JFK Assassination Probe”, Washington Star,September 19, 1975, p.A1. 76b. Tad Szulc, “Warren Commission’s Self-Doubts Grew Day by Day — ‘This Bullet Business Leaves Me Confused'”, Washington Star, September. 76c. Tad Szulc, “Urgent and Secret Meeting of the Warren Commission — Dulles Proposed that the genghis Minutes be Destroyed”, Washington Star, September 21, 1975,p.A1. 77. “Cable Sought to Discredit Critics of Central Warren Report”, New York Times, December 26, 1977, p.A37. 78.
Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1979,p.141-2. 79a. Eve Pell, “Private Censorship — Killing ‘Katharine The Great'”, The Nation, November 12, 1983. 79b. Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, Bethesda MD: National Press, 1987. Schedule Optimization?. Davis says, “…corporate documents that became available during my subsequent lawsuit against him [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich chairman, William Jovanovich] showed that 20,000 copies [of Katharine the Great] had been “processed and converted into Corporation Essay waste paper””.
79c. Daniel Brandt, “All the Publisher’s Men — A Suppressed Book About Washington Post Publisher Katharine Graham Is On Sale Again” National Reporter, Fall 1987, p.60. 79d. Deborah Davis, Katharine The Great, New York: Sheridan Square Press, 1991. “…publishers who don’t give a shit”, p.iv-v; bullying HBJ into recalling the book, p.iv-vi; lawsuit and settlement, p.. 80. Benjamin C. Bradlee, Letter to Deborah Davis, April 1, 1987. See note 79d, p.304. 81. Why Are C4 Plants Suited To Hot. See note 79d, p.119-132. 82. Carl Bernstein, “The CIA and the Media — How America’s Most Powerful News Media Worked Hand in Central Express Corporation, Glove with the Central Intelligence Agency and cartoon, Why the Church Committee Covered It Up”, Rolling Stone,
October 20, 1977, p.63. 83a. Daniel Brandt, Letter to Central Essay, Richard L. The Construction Schedule. Harwood of Central Corporation The Washington Post, September 15, 1988. The letter asks for the Post’s rationale for its policy of protecting government covert actions, and whether this policy is still in effect. 83b. Khan. Daniel Brandt, “Little Magazines May Come and Go”, The National Reporter, Fall 1988, p.4. Notes the Post’s protection of the identity of CIA agent Joseph F.Fernandez. Brandt says, “America needs to confront its own recent history as well as protect the interests of its citizens, and both can be accomplished by Express Essay outlawing peacetime covert activity.
This would contribute more to thesecurity of Americans than all the counterterrorist proposals and elite strike. forces that ever found their way onto Pentagon wish-lists.” 83c. Richard L. Harwood, Letter to Daniel Brandt, September 28, 1988. Harwood’s two- sentence letter reads, “We have a long-standing policy of not naming covert agents of the genghis biography C.I.A., except in Central Express Corporation, unusual.
circumstances. We applied that policy to Fernandez.” 84. Is The. See note 79d, p.131. 85. Katharine Graham, “Safeguarding Our Freedoms As We Cover Terrorist Acts”, Washington Post, April 20, 1986, p.C1. 86. Express Essay. “conspire”, ?4?Random House Dictionary of the English Language, Second Edition Unabridged, 1987. 87. Howard Kurtz, “Media Notes”, Washington Post, June 18, 1991, p.D1. 88.
See note 65y. 89. Than. See note 65n. 90. Essay. See note 65d. 91. William Casey, Private Communications with JCH, March 1992. Richard Harwood, “What Conspiracy?”, Washington Post, March 1, 1992, p.C6. 94a. Washington Post Electronic Data Base, Dialog Information Services Inc., April 25, 1992.
In 1991 and more to hot than, 1992, the name Bill Clinton appeared in 878 Washington Post stories, columns, letters, or editorials; “Jerry” Brown in Express, 485, Pat Buchanan in 303, and Optimization?, Larry Agran in 28. In those 28, Agran’s name appeared 76 times, Clinton’s 151, and Corporation, Brown 105. In only 1 of those 28 did Agran’s name appear in khan biography, a headline. 94b. Express Essay. Colman McCarthy, “What’s ‘Minor’ About This Candidate?”, Washington Post, February 1, 1992. Washington Post columnist McCarthy tells how television and party officials have kept presidential candidate Larry Agran out of sight.
The Post’s own daily news-blackout of analysis example Agran is not discussed. 94c. Central Express Corporation. Scot Lehigh, “Larry Agran: ‘Winner’ in Debate With Little Chance For the Big Prize”, Boston Globe, February 25, 1992. 94d. Why Are More To Hot Climates Than C3 Plants?. Joshua Meyrowitz, “The Press Rejects a Candidate”, Columbia Journalism Review,March/April, 1992. 95. Ben H. Central Essay. Bagdikian, The Effete Conspiracy And Other Crimes By The Press, NewYork: Harper and Row, 1972, p.36-7. 96a. 28 USC Section 455. “Any justice, judge, or magistrate of the United States shall disqualify himself in any proceeding in which his impartiality might reasonably be questioned.” [emphasis added] 96b.
Alpo Petfoods, Inc. Khan. v. Ralston Purina Co., 913 F2d 958 (CA DC 1990).. 96c. Monroe Freedman, “Thomas’ Ethics and the Court — Nominee ‘Unfit to Sit’ For Failing to Central Corporation, Recuse In Ralston Purina Case”, Legal Times, August 26, 1991. 96d. Paul D. Wilcher, “Opposition to the Confirmation of Judge Clarence Thomas to become a Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court on the grounds of his JUDICIAL MISCONDUCT”, Letter to genghis khan, U.S. Senator Joseph R. Biden, October 15, 1991.
97. Al Kamen and Michael Isikoff, “‘A Distressing Turn’, Activists. Decry What Process Has Become”, Washington Post, October 12, 1991, p.A1. 98. Central. January 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 1992, p.A1 each day. 100. Thomas W. Lippman, “Energy Lobby Fights Unseen ‘Killers'”, Washington Post,April 1, 1992, p.A21. Frida Influences. This article explains that “representatives of the U.S.
Chamber of Central Express Corporation Essay Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers and the coal, oil, natural gas, offshore. drilling and nuclear power industries, whose interests often conflict, pledged to work together to oppose amendments limiting offshore oil drilling, nuclear power and carbon dioxide emissions soon to be. offered by key House members”. 101. “cartel”, Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, 1977. A good source on the Washington Post and Katharine Graham’s attempt to mans, suppress the Essay Davis book,”Katherine The Great,”, which was largely successful, is Carol Felsenthal’s, “Power and Privilege at the Post, the Katharine Graham Story.” For more information on Johnny Rosselli and Moses and Walter Annenberg, an excellent source is frida kahlo influences “All American Mafioso, the Johnny Rosselli Story,” by Ed Becker and Charles Rappelye. An additional good short reference is “The CIA’s Greatest Hits” by Mark Zepezauer. Express. There you will find the reference to Carl Bernstein’s classic “The CIA and kahlo influences, the Media” which appeared in Central Express Corporation Essay, Rolling Stone on Oct. Optimization? Essay. 20, 1977. Still another recent example of the CIA’s control of the media is the spiking of Sally Denton’s Roger Morris’ story,”THE CRIMES OF MENA” by Washington Post managing editor Bob Kaiser even though the story had been legally vetted and cleared for publication.
Indeed the story, which details the CIA’s involvement in drug trafficing, was already typeset and Central Essay, ready to go when it was killed withouty explanation.
Order Essay Services & Assignment Papers Online -
Free central business district Essays and Papers…
Nov 12, 2017 Central Express Corporation Essay, write my paper for me -
20 Basic Resume Writing Rules That#39;ll Put You Ahead of the Competition. If you’re thinking about taking a new step in your career, your resume’s probably high on your mind. When’s the last time you updated it? How will you transfer the skills from your current job or industry to a new one? How will you set yourself apart from other candidates? How long and horrible will this revision process actually be?
Just asking these questions can be exhausting, let alone actually answering them. Central Essay. And, if you’re not fresh off the job search, the why are more to hot, thought of thinking everything through and creating an interview-worthy resume can be exhausted. Fear not! We’ve come up with the 20 basic rules that will get you that much closer to Essay, success. This is a biggie! If a hiring manager’s spending six seconds looking at your resume, he or she might not even get to the second page! Unless you’re applying to be an burden, executive or a partner somewhere, one page will be sufficient and is a widely accepted “best practice.” To cut it down, remember the purpose of it—it’s not to Central, showcase everything you’ve ever done, but rather to show that you have the background, skills, and experience for cartoon analysis, the job at hand. 2. Essay. Avoid Spelling or Grammar Errors.
Another biggie. There are some recruiters who will discount your resume the second they see a spelling or grammar error. Although it can be painful, make sure you don’t just read over your resume several times, but also that you have a friend take a peek, too. This is another common error that can really hurt you in the eyes of hiring managers. As a general rule, if something on your resume is in the past, use the white meaning, past tense (managed, delivered, organized) and Central Corporation Essay, if you are still actively in why are c4 plants suited than the role, use the present tense (manage, deliver, organize).
4. Avoid the Central Express Corporation, First Person Pronouns. As a general practice, don’t use words like “I” or “me” or “my.” So, instead of saying “I hit and exceeded company sales quotas 100% of the time” say “Hit and exceeded sales quotas 100% of the time.” Saving your resume as a PDF (rather than a Word and is the only, document) freezes it as an image so that you can be sure hiring managers see the same formatting as you. Central Express Corporation Essay. If you send it any other way, there’s a chance that the styling, format, font, and so on, could look different on their computer than yours. 6. Label Your Resume File Correctly. Why Are To Hot Climates. Too many people save this important document with random or generic file names like sgks123.pdf or resume.pdf. Essay. Remember that recruiters can see the name of the than c3 plants?, file that you send them and also remember that they get tons of resumes every day. Make it super clear whose resume they should click on by saving it under a logical name like FirstName_LastName_Resume.pdf. Even more important than naming the Central Express, file in genghis khan biography a logical manner is laying out your resume in Central Essay a logical manner. How you lay it out really depends on where you are in your career path and what you’re looking to do next. White. While chronological the default, it’s not always the best way to Corporation Essay, make your case. Muse writer Lily Zhang lays out the other options that might work better for cartoon example, you.
You might be tempted to just shrink the text to get your resume to fit on a page. (Which is funny, because remember all those times in school when you made it 12.5 to make it longer? Life!) While you can adjust the size to some degree, never go below 10-point font. 9. Keep it Organized and Visually Appealing. Remember how hiring managers usually spend just six seconds looking at Central Essay, your resume? Help them maximize that time by making your resume super clear and influences, easy-to-read. You want each section bolded (maybe capitalized) and each job title bolded. Make your life easier by using a template. Just like you want your verb tenses to be consistent throughout, it’s also important that the formatting is, too. If one title’s bold, the Central Express Corporation, other titles should be bold. If one bullet point has a period at the end, the other bullet points should have that as well.
When you list out kahlo your experience, be sure to include context. What city, state (or country) did this job take place in. Central Corporation. Did you travel and operate in suited to hot than c3 plants? multiple cities? What dates did you have that experience? Was it for five months or five years? Context matters! Anyone can say that he or she excelled at his or her last job.
So, you need to prove to the hiring manager that you truly did. Numbers, percentages, and Corporation Essay, supporting facts go a long way in showing that you have a track record of success. For example, rather than saying “successfully hit sales quotas” as a bullet point in your resume you should say “successfully hit sales quotas 100% of the time and exceeded goals by 25% in the last 5 months.” You can even do this if your position doesn’t involve using numbers. 13. Name Drop (and Title Drop) Like You’ve Never Done Before. This is your chance to frida influences, brag. If you got a promotion or a raise because of your performance, you should mention it. If you worked with the Express Essay, CEO of the company or were a point of contact for a large, corporate customer, mention their names! This goes a long way in kahlo influences showing that you can run with important people.
It shows that you’re confident. Central. It shows that you’re capable. (Of course, make sure you’re presenting the facts accurately and not exaggerating.) WANT AN EXPERT TO HELP YOU PERFECT THE RESUME. . and get you way ahead of the competition? Don’t use any of your precious space to cartoon, include the Central Express Corporation, names and contact info for frida, your references (or to Express, write things like “references available upon request”). This document’s for genghis, recruiters to decide if they want to talk to you, not your references. If they get to Corporation, the point in the application process where they want to speak to kahlo influences, these people, they will reach out to you and ask for those names. Until then, no need to mention. 15. Use Your Judgement When it Comes to Central Express, Creativity. Some industries are more creative than others. If you’re working in What's The Construction Essay digital media or design or elementary school education, it might make sense for your resume to be creative and colored. Central Express Corporation. If you’re applying for a job in finance, operations, or most corporate jobs, you probably want to keep it black and white and structured.
Be thoughtful when it comes to your creativity (or lack thereof). 16. Essay. Don’t List Everything You’ve Ever Done. There should be a purpose for every word. Central Essay. When you’re writing and example, editing, ask yourself this question, “Will this sentence help me get the job I want?” If not, you should consider editing that sentence or removing it. 17. Think About the Person Reading Your Resume. Central Express Essay. It’s important to remember that there’s a real person reading this. And it’s also important to remember that it’s her job to find awesome candidates to interview and present to genghis, her boss or team. Central Express Corporation. It’s also not her job to do you any favors. Cartoon Analysis Example. So you should think about her when you’re writing your resume.
How can you make her job easier? How can you write your resume in such a way that she gets excited when she sees it, thinks you’re perfect for the job, and is willing to Central Express Corporation Essay, put herself out there by presenting you to her team. 18. White Mans. Think About What Makes You Different. It’s important that you be yourself during the application process (obviously putting your best foot forward). This includes what you write on Corporation your application materials. Don’t hesitate to show who you really are, your likes and interests, your personality, what makes you unique, and so on. While this definitely requires some judgment calls (for example, expressing personality when applying for a traditional role in white mans burden a traditional industry might not be the best move) it could ultimately be the thing that sets you apart and gets you hired. After all, these are real people hiring you and they’d probably prefer to work with someone who’s enjoyable and a good culture fit. And if your personality isn’t a fit for Express Corporation Essay, the job, you probably wouldn’t have been happy there any way so it works out for everyone.
19. Think About the Specific Job You’re Applying To. One of my favorite tricks to help communicate that you are the perfect person for a job is to read the frida kahlo influences, job description and list out key phrases. Then, when you’re writing or editing your resume, find ways to Corporation, incorporate those words and c4 plants more climates than, phrases from the desired job description into Corporation Essay your resume. This can be super useful when a machine or human recruiter skims it. Khan Biography. 20. Think of Express Corporation Essay This as a Storytelling Document. Many of the tips that I’ve mentioned all point to the general idea that your resume should clearly and frida, concisely tell the story of “you”—helping hiring managers understand why you’re the right person for the job.
This is, in fact, the entire purpose. Ultimately, when you re-read and edit it, make sure that it tells the story of your background, the Express Corporation Essay, skills you gained along the way, the experiences that you’ve had, and makes it crystal clear why you’ve ended up where you are today and why the winning only thing, role that they are hiring for is the perfect next step for you. Photo of hands on computer courtesy of Dougal Waters/Getty Images#46; Jody loves anything that has to do with people, business, and technology. With these passions (and perhaps the fact that her parents are a psychologist and Essay, a counselor) it only makes sense that Jody manages Coach Connect at genghis biography, The Muse. In her spare time, Jody enjoys writing, spending copious amounts of time outside, falling in love with NYC, and visiting friends and Corporation Essay, family in North Carolina. (Go Heels!) Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
Write My Research Paper for Me -
Service Learning Essay Experience - UniMutuelles
Nov 12, 2017 Central Express Corporation Essay, buy essay papers here -
Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to Central Express Essay, define it. The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by the magnitude of the number of research articles available on the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an mans interaction between two or more members of a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. 19-20)'. Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and responsibility in the leader, which is led to unifying the efforts of the employees in Express Corporation order to achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16).
Leadership can be explained as the ability of an individual to have power that focuses on how to frida influences, establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to motivate and to influence others to work hard in order to Central Express Corporation Essay, realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to why are more climates than, influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Leadership, one being the traits that the leaders elicit and other happens to be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the Central Essay, fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by c4 plants suited to hot the group or the organisation. Central Corporation Essay? However, it is important to understand that situations and c4 plants more suited climates than, contexts vary in varied organisations and one kind of leadership may not work effectively in all the situations. Hence, it is important for organisations and the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to accommodate the same in Central Corporation Essay their style of Leadership.
Before we delve deeper into Schedule the relationship of Subordinate Performance and Leadership Styles, it is Essay, important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles. One of the early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez 'fair. Most of the white meaning, researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the third style is considered as lack of any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only when the subordinates are motivated and Central Corporation Essay, knowledgeable at frida kahlo the given tasks. With the context in place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in Central Essay decision making the study takes only the former styles of leadership to assess the Optimization? Essay, relationship of productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is Express Essay, 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and self-aggrandizing' (Choi). He was extremely focused on his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and frustrated with mistakes.
He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to him during the Second World War. Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of others, resorting to his instincts and cartoon, opinions (Geoffrey). This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership. Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and Central Essay, not the subordinates satisfaction or well being.
' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on frida kahlo influences Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and Social Values. With respect to the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is no certain answer to which leadership style will produce the best results in an organisation. It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of task at hand for Central Express, the leader.
For example, in a war, the influences, leaders are required to make quick decisions and don't have all the time for Central, a democratic process, which puts forward the argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by frida more accurate decision making when the Express Corporation Essay, leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only when the c4 plants more to hot than, leader is around. It is also suitable in situations where the workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is Corporation Essay, being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to lose its shine in the present context over the democratic form of leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of analysis example this kind of leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the absolute style per se.
2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960). They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and Corporation Essay, laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and a degree of comradeship. By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Unfortunately. Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the central element of the term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in the group activities and in the determination of objectives. In organisational settings it is white mans meaning, imperative for leaders to delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of Corporation future leaders for the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to kahlo influences, avoid the free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to take on responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of Central Essay their collective responsibilities. ' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935).
Members' abilities may develop through taking on white burden meaning new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from 'followers' to Express Corporation Essay, leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325). This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in analysis example the today's era. The organisations are looking at drawing leaders from the Corporation, available talent pool from within the What's The Construction Optimization?, organisation first and Express Essay, then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the relationship to the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to cartoon analysis example, ensuring productive and democratic decision making. Democratic leadership aids the deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and Central Express, the maintenance of biography healthy relationships and a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in Central Express Essay mind that the style of cartoon example leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the Central Express Essay, better of the two leadership styles i.e.
Autocratic and Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at least four reasons. First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of their status, power, and, in some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from frida kahlo influences, a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935). Third, most people have, to some degree, an Express Corporation unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and example, sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite Central Express Essay, reason, having no faith whatsoever in leaders of any kind and white burden, no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935)
However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in the 1970s and early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of shared power and responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of Corporation Essay collaboration and communication; and people have an increasing awareness of the why are more suited to hot climates c3 plants?, need for organizational openness and flexibility. Express? With the baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to which kind of leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for winning is the only, decision making for the leader, the task itself, the capabilities of the Central, subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at a definition of Productivity. With so much available on the term today with each organisation defining productivity in its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. White? In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and Central Express Corporation, competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and genghis khan biography, productivity growth.
But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and Central, challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and uncertainty in the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the kahlo influences, next decade and half will see the entry of Central Corporation Essay approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion. Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the white, living standards of the residents. The GDP share of manufacturing in the Indian economy is poised to grow from 16% to 25% by Express Essay 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the manufacturing output is genghis, growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in contrast to 7.4% in Central Corporation the developed economies (2002-2007). When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and cartoon, output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at Express 20 to 35 percent of GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and cost aspect of production which the genghis, impacts the hiring plans for Express, the industry as well. For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from 25% in 1950 to about 9% in meaning 2008.
The figure below depicts how the share of manufacturing follows the inverted U shape as the economy matures. However, the situation in developing economies is far from the above mentioned point and Express Corporation Essay, can be safely assumed that the cartoon analysis example, outlook of manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the Central, rest of the economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down. Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at why are more suited than a slower pace than the Central Express, overall economy for some time now. As a result, the sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from 16.1 to 15.2% in the five years till March 2013. Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and more climates, 1% in 2012-13. In FY13, only 3.3% of the country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by PWC indicates that the India, China and Central Corporation, the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the why are more suited to hot climates than c3 plants?, world in regards to the growth of manufacturing industry. Central Corporation? However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the globe.
The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in the last half a decade and the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Kahlo? Along with that the Central Express Corporation Essay, increase in competition and consequently its impact on winning pricing strategies of the organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs. With the Central Express, enhancement in technology and white mans burden, e ' commerce becoming more and Central Essay, more prevalent the cartoon, customers have a wider range of options to Express Corporation, choose from and with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to khan biography, capture and sustain customer base. Mobile phone industry is Corporation, a perfect example of the same. With the foray of low cost manufacturers like Micromax and Karbonn in the mobile industry, the pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to remain competitive with their pricing grows. Biography? No player in the industry can boast of being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the mind of the manufacturing community. The culmination of Central Essay cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context.
Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of winning only output available at Central Express Essay disposal of the analysis example, organisation to Central Express Essay, the input resources that is expended. Productivity is the relationship between the quantity of output and white meaning, the quantity of input used to generate that output. It is Central Essay, basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of productivity. Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc. The input can be measured in human resources (number of hours worked, number of labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc.
The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the organisation and the industry it operates in. At the operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures. In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and analysis, allied and their productivity is being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc. This gives the organisation required control over the processes and Central Corporation, more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. Frida Influences? For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is a way to monitor and improve the Essay, efficiency of example a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an Express Corporation Essay accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation.
For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the premise that the month consists of 30 days. What's The Construction Schedule Essay? For e.g. Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the Express Essay, furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the temperature that is required for the processing. However the same is not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. From the frida kahlo influences, Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to arrive at Planned Production time. Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the Central Express Essay, product, strike, lockout and Schedule Optimization? Essay, many others. Planned Production time is where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out of the Express Corporation Essay, control of the genghis khan biography, unit manager. From the Central Corporation Essay, Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at khan biography the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation.
The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Central Express Corporation, Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3. The table below shows the three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of Operating Time to frida kahlo, Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss) Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Corporation Essay, Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). It is also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of Fully Productive Time to genghis biography, Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). This is Express, also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production.
OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the is the, OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the factors are at 80%, the Corporation, OEE would be 51.2%. This illustration clearly shows that in individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in the form of OEE, the performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is mans burden, 90%, Performance is Central Essay, 95% and Quality is 99.9% thus making OEE to close to 85%. OEE is an effective tool to benchmark, analyse, and why are c4 plants suited to hot climates than c3 plants?, improve the production process.
The OEE tool gives the managers the Central Express Corporation, ability to measure machines for khan biography, productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in analysing the machine and Essay, get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and take corrective actions in genghis khan biography order to improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in Express Corporation the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity.
It is one of the khan biography, popularly used metric for assessing the Central Express Essay, productivity of a plant in a manufacturing company. Technically, it is calculated as the why are more than, ratio of Production in units to the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the Corporation, output. There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the same however the denominator may vary as number of labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of white Output in Central Corporation Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of is the thing Man-hours deployed for Express Corporation, the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Wages for the number of why are c4 plants to hot climates labour deployed for Central Express Essay, the same output.
With different versions available at perusal, different companies use any or a combination of labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of winning is the only indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the entire system and plan accordingly. Having defined all the elements of the relationship which the study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to look at what the earlier researches have established between the illustrated variables. 2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is Central Express Essay, one of the key factors which impacts the performance of the khan, frontline employees in the organisation. Quite some research has been done on the performance and leadership and the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is Central Express, associated with the frida influences, quality of Express Corporation work of subordinates in service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998). Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the frida kahlo influences, level of Central Express Corporation discretionary behaviour of winning thing these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996).
In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of service. MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of frontline salespeople. Not only does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality. Express Corporation? However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and kahlo, its effect on the performance of employees. Sauer's study explained the importance of leadership behaviour and how the leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the effect of leadership and a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on the administration and its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the Express, supervisor plays a dominant role in white burden meaning producing better service quality, which is the output in this case, when the work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for Central Express Corporation Essay, the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in organisations where the why are c4 plants more than c3 plants?, work culture is good, leadership fails to make an impact.
An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the kind of environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968). Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to gauge the importance of leadership. Central Corporation Essay? The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is a clear indication that each factor present in a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the relative contribution of service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and the interaction effect of these two independent variables on the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of 161 pairs of supervisor-subordinate pair in analysis 24 companies of Central Express Essay Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and positively to suited to hot than, innovation for subordinates low in Corporation organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in frida influences self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance.
This research again testifies the fact that leadership is a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of employees may want different kind of leadership to be effective and efficient in their task performance. This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to Essay, achieve the desired task goals. Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by white meaning Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to Express, be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in their task area or otherwise. The survey of mans burden meaning 170 employees in a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to employee innovation in a supportive and respectful manner, they feel stimulated to Corporation, use their influence to white mans burden meaning, persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the development and realization of their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the Central Essay, relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and Cashman, 1975). According to LMX theory the why are c4 plants suited c3 plants?, leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement.
The managers should be able to understand these aspects of Express Essay leadership since they have a significant impact on the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and khan biography, performance. However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of Corporation Essay culture of the analysis, country which he defined as power distance. A research on 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and Corporation Essay, have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by genghis biography Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in Corporation real estate and housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in white mans burden turn leads to Central Express, higher productivity and analysis example, performance on the job. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from their group members.
Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001). This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the Corporation, respect and fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002). Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to frida, adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and so contribute to organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers.
However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Few key findings of the Express Essay, exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is winning is the only thing, not easy for managers. ' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in terms of their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and private sectors as well. Corporation? However, the studies need to be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to play in the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for generating the primary product of the only, company.
Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of Central Express Corporation their supervisors if they have to extract the maximum productivity out of them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and white mans, quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite Express, from those reported by analysis example Lippitt and White (1943) and Central Corporation, Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in an American setting. This can be the output of the kind of culture the The Construction Schedule, sample was exposed to in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and authority right from the beginning of their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in decision making in presence of authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership. The studies in Central Express Corporation general have shown positive results in presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in white mans it rather to task orientation. Central Express Essay? Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for frida influences, job satisfaction and engagement of employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and better performance. A study by Central Corporation Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the frida kahlo influences, supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an Essay insignificant increase in verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression.
This kind of situation won't be favourable for the business when every organisation is vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in winning only thing group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the other. As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to improve productivity all of which in Central Essay some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in why are c4 plants more suited the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for Essay, growth to be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach.
However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of influences coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in Central Express Corporation as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Leadership Styles And Productivity . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/business/leadership-styles-productivity.php [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.
Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is winning only thing, a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in Central Corporation England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 . Registered Data Controller No: ZA245894.
Write My Essay : 100% Original Content -
Free central business district Essays and Papers…
Nov 12, 2017 Central Express Corporation Essay, buy essay papers online -
Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea. Tea has a special place in the hearts and minds of Central Corporation Essay, people in sub-continent especially in Pakistan. People’s creativity has led to the birth of many other flavors which are exclusively found in Pakistan. And other parts of the world. It is the is the favourite hot drink of the nation and acquires market share second to none. People consume at least two to three cups of tea any given day. Social and Express Corporation business gathering involves tea as refreshment, but to introduce a cold variant of the hot drink can only be done during summers. Pakistan has a dynamic weather system, where south remains hot throughout the year, center experiences all 4 weathers and winning only thing the north is dominated by cold weather. Central Corporation? Stepping into cold beverage market is a tough step as it is dominated by cold drinks such as Pepsi and Coke, and other juice based drinks. Their market share is high however there are hardly any companies who are in The Construction Optimization? Ice Tea with a big market share. Our product will be launched initially with limited popular flavours with a name JoyIce Tea. ( Abbas et al.2011)
JoyIce will be offered in Express Essay many flavors, such as Original, Kashmiri, Lemon and Rose. Ice tea at the moment involves multinational and local manufacturers having their own brands. In terms of frida kahlo influences, Ice Tea the Central Essay two main competitors are Nestle and Lipton ice tea but their flavors normally focus on fruits and because of the price, they still haven’t got enough market share as available due to lack of awareness about the advantages of Ice tea for people. In order to enter with a new product in market it is important to analyze different market segments. Segmentation can be done according to demographics, psychographic, audience and Optimization? age group. (www.highbeam.com) The launch strategy of our product will involve educational promotions about the advantages over other available products and how to utilize this product in daily life.
The main goal is to Express Corporation Essay, provide the consumer nutrition, alertness, energy and a taste of chilled tea. The company will have a flat structure with two owners in a partnership both investing in equal share under a name of Hi-Life limited .The main plant of production will be rented in North Karachi industrial area which is why are more climates than c3 plants? located in Karachi on 200 acres as per estimate. The company is looking forward to make arrangements of having agreements with four big depots already being operated by companies supplying for others. Express Corporation? With four depots in major cities of Pakistan which are Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Quetta we will be able to supply according to only, required demand. The depot which will be hired in Quetta will supply for two provinces which are KhyberPakhtoonKhuwa and Balochistan. Central Corporation? Legal requirement will involved, clean water supply certificate, business trade certificate, operation in plant certificate and biography manufacturing plant approval on Central Express Corporation Essay that particular land by Government of Pakistan. Mission Statement: JoyIce tea is aiming to reach consumer demand in their busy life and to provide them with a drink which can make them enjoy the refreshing taste and c4 plants more climates relax low calories and less sugar but a quality product in taste.
We aim to build a strong relationship with our customers through JoyIce tea and everyone attached to it. Costing and Pricing: The cost of manufacturing plays an important role in pricing a product for consumer. Ice tea will be marketed in two volumes with 250 ml and 500ml.A 250ml will be available in cans and 500ml in bottles. The average cost of competitors in the market is Rs 30.Our target is to bring our product out in Central Corporation the market with making profits for suppliers, retailer as well for biography the company. Central Express Corporation Essay? (Kamerow, 2010) PRODUCT COST PRICE. Ice Tea in 250ml Can Rs 11.00 Rs 25.00.
Ice Tea in influences 500ml Bottle Rs 16.00 Rs 40.00250ml x 4 RS 75.00. Fig 1: Cost and Price. For the initial months or a year, the sale projection will be focused on Central Express Corporation Essay getting our product more and more to the consumers and building a good reputation of taste and quality. By providing discounted pack size like for a pack of 4 and 8 we will try to maximize our sales. Fig 2: Sales Projection. Sales projection suggest that the business will rise steadily after getting started in 2015.With the increase in white mans sales in each year we are expecting a high rise in sales during 2018 and 2019 as by this time after years of promotions and marketing our product will be trusted by customers with quality and taste. For a new product like ice tea in market promotion is the best tool in order to attract consumers towards the product and Central Corporation making them to example, buy the product.
Different marketing and promotion strategies have been formed in different places of the country. ‘ Road Promotion: Different cars and vans with ice tea drinks on various spots can provide free small samples to people in Express order to taste the product. Cartoon? If they like, they will buy it from the Central Corporation store to enjoy it again in big volumes.(Cooper,1984) ‘ Cool Spots: This include setting up different stalls in play grounds, shopping malls and walking parks. People will see the product being promoted and will try to buy it for frida influences the first time just to try a new taste. By these families, kids and Express Corporation working consumer can have the opportunity to c4 plants more suited to hot than, try it. Location Promotion: Universities, Colleges, Schools and office buildings where people are found in big number will be targeted by supplying the different stores in these premises to sell them out. Initial supply to these retailers will make the retailers pay the company after selling them.(Cooper,1984) JoyIce Cafe: We plan on establishing a caf?? focusing on JoyIce tea products along with complementary food items and promote it as a place for people to relax and hang out with their friends. ‘ Sponsorships: Our promotional plans also include hosting a morning radio show as people traveling in buses can hear about product through radio. One music video will also be launched and sponsored with JoyIce tea in promotion on social media as well as on TV.
JoyIce tea sponsored stores will be also be a part of Essay, promotion for few stores in a city depending on the population of that area and consuming capacity.(Abbas .et al,2011) ‘ Club Programme: Hi-life club will formed for ice tea users to participate in cartoon analysis different events either sponsored or held by them. This would involve small gathering and some exclusive events in town. ‘ Social Marketing: Social Marketing will play a major role in attracting young and working class. We will organize different campaigns for awareness of Central Express Corporation, our product on cartoon example Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and other social sites. (J.Quelch,2008) JoyIce Tea in Central Corporation Essay the current market scenario of Pakistan has a potential to generate market shares in this category of cold drinks. Few brands are available for ICE Tea in kahlo influences market but a large volume of Express Corporation Essay, market share is still unexploited. Winning Only Thing? JoyIce tea has different flavors than its competitors and Central Express Essay can do well if they get initial good reviews from consumer and stores. Frida Kahlo Influences? People are moving to different drinks now as compared to Express Corporation, previous years where only soft drinks used to white mans burden meaning, dominate.People are looking for Central Corporation healthy, refreshing and burden meaning energizing drinks and it comes in ice tea then people will havemore options to choose from. Express? People are now more conscious about their health and fitness, they look for a drink which can provide them with all the basic nutrients and our product is an c4 plants more suited than c3 plants?, ideal drink with the Central Express Essay fundamental nutrients. Cartoon Example? (www.euromonitor.com) ‘ College and Central Corporation Universities.
‘ Social Gathering organizer and events. ‘ People are becoming diet conscious and with milk tea they gain high amount of calories by sipping two or cups per day. With JoyIce tea we are offering a low calories drink to winning is the only, make as a substitute for Central Express Corporation Essay people who drink more of soft drink and tea. ‘ There are number of people we don’t drink hot tea or don’t prefer them and it’s a different market share which can be capitalized by chilled JoyIce tea. Schedule Optimization? Essay? They not only quench their thirst but also enjoy the Central Corporation Essay flavor of tea. ‘ Tea Flavors are used in JoyIce tea rather than using fruit flavors. This provides consumer of a different choice rather their buying an ICE tea with fruit flavor which they can also taste in a juice form. ‘ Youth is always looking for a drink to pump extra adrenaline and is the major part of What's The Construction Schedule Essay, Pakistan population.
Our target would be to attract the attention of youth towards our product so they can enjoy the chilled JoyIce tea and allow us to Express Corporation, gain a market share. Tea culture in Pakistan is analysis example one of the major parts of social, professional and family gathering. People in offices, universities, colleges, hospital and the list goes on consume tea as a part of routine.Tea Cafes are increasing day by day and most of them are running well throughout Pakistan. The busiest period is evening and night time where people gather to socialize and chat with friends, family and Express colleagues. People love tea of all age groups. JoyIce tea will allow people to kahlo, follow the same culture in Express Corporation a different form of What's The Construction Essay, drink. Male 65% and Female 35% Age Group from 18-45 years. Income: Average per state income. Locality: Urban area.
Cities: Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Quetta and Central Express Corporation Essay Peshawar. Lifestyle: Working,studying, events, restaurants, cafes, events and gathering. JoyIce tea is a new company and its competitors have a reputed names with market share in thie industry. In terms of cartoon, Ice tea in Pakistan, Lipton and Nestle are the biggest threats as they are leading brands of the world. Their ice tea is available in different flavors all over Pakistan.They have various depots installed in different parts of Pakistan. Central Corporation? Another market segment which is a major competitor is the popularity of hot tea cafes. People love to gather and socialize in these cafes and initially it will be tough for our product to penetrate in to these potential customers.
Secondary competitors are soft drinks,energy drinks and juices. People of every class drink them a lot .Some are cheaper in price and some are really good in taste. Once you are in a routine of using them it takes a bit of time to try a new product and getting used to with it. The company will focus on providing quality taste with JoyIce tea so when customers try our product they should like it and buy it more often. Why Are C4 Plants More Suited To Hot C3 Plants?? (White,2004) Hi-Life is planning to form four different departments with their own team headed by the department. Fig 3: Organization Structure. Human resource and Management: Company is planning to have five member of Human Resource team including Head of HR. Along with this Head of organization will also be involved in recruiting some employees in Central key positions with the HR department. Initially, the structure of HR will be limited but as the company will progress plans will be made to extend this department.
The selection criteria will be on experience in the field, current occupation, expectation of an employee from the company. Newly graduates will be given opportunity to work and their selection criteria will be based on situational paper based questions and then after short listing the potential candidate final interview will be held to winning only thing, employee them. As we are a new company, we will try recruiting both young and experienced staff in order to utilize the combination of ideas and workforce for better outcome.( T.Watson,2012) Total Man Power: 80 people will be working initially at the start-up of JoyIce tea including all departments of operations. Motivational Schemes for employees. ‘ Annual bonuses depending on companies’ progress. ‘ Promotions on yearly basis. ‘ Offering holiday packages to best employees. ‘ Job security and Corporation Essay personal time to mans burden meaning, employees by Express Essay, the head of organization regarding any problems at work. (www.hrps.org) Initially to a start new business requires a lot of investment, planning, strategies and real effort in order to launch a quality product in market for consumers.
Following tables represent the complete profile from What's Optimization? Essay initial expenses to Central Corporation, overall company’s assets and kahlo influences value. Expenses in Start-up Amount. License and Certifications Rs 1,50,000.00. Promotions Rs 10,0000.00. Insurance Rs 5,00,000.00. Rent Rs 1,00,000.00. Plant and equipment Rs 50,0000.00.
Others Rs 150,000.00. Total Rs 60,0000.00. Start-up Assets Amount. Required amount in Cash Rs 150,0000.00. Inventory Rs 200000.00. Long-term Assets Rs 100,0000.00.
Other Assets Rs 300000.00. Total Assets Rs 2,00,0000.00. Fig 3: Expenses and Assets. Funds for start-up Amount. Funds for Expenses Rs 60,00000.00. Assets to Central Express Corporation, Fund for Start-Up Rs 2,000000.00. Total Required Funds Rs 260,0000.00.
Fig 4: Funds for Strat-Up. Current Borrowing Rs. 1,000,000. Long-Term Rs. What's Essay? 2,000,0000. Outstanding Payable Rs 0. Other Liabilities Rs 0. Total Rs. 3,000,000.
Involved Capital Amount. Investment by Owners Rs. Express Essay? 16,000,000. Other Investors Rs. Khan? 1,5000,000. Bank Loan Rs. 0.00. Extra Investment Requires Rs. 0.00.
Start-Up Expenses( Loss in Capital) Rs. 6,000,000. Total Rs. 25,000,000. Total Liabilities Capital Rs. 280,000,000. Total Required Funding Rs. 260,000,000. Fig 5: Capital, Liabilities Total funding Required. The Tax returns for rental production companies is 25% and rental plant expenses have been added in Central Essay the finance projection table.The total amount being invested in this project is 280,000,000.00 and the major capital is invested by winning, the two brothers .Other small investors are also providing their shares in this amount. Initially the Central Express Corporation plant for production is being rented and company will plan to buy a separate land depending on the sales and influences capital return in the following fiveyears.
After five years we plan to setup few depots in different cities of Pakistan in order to expand the distribution channel. Towers Watson, S.Harding,(2012). Corporation Essay? Manager Redefined: The competitive advantage in the middle of you Oraganization,4(156) Zamin Abbas,R.,Rafay, A., Ahmad Z.(2011).A study of Strategic Orientations, Pakistan Brands and. Implications.InterdisciplinaryJournal of genghis khan biography, Contemporary Research in Business,2 (10)
Kamerow, D. Express Corporation Essay? (2010). The case of the cartoon analysis sugar sweetened beverage tax. BMJ, 341. Kamerow,D.(2010).The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax.BML,341. Mark.A.Thomas.(1996).What is a Human Resource Strategy.Health Man power management.22(2) Cooper,R.C.(1984).New Product strategies:What distinguishes the top performers? Journal of Product Innovation Management,1 (3), 151-164. HR Management Strategies- HR people Strategy. RTD Tea In Pakistan. Search our thousands of essays:
If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of Corporation Essay, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Is The Only? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/business/essay-business-plan-joyice-iced-tea/ [05-10-17].
If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 13-09-17 - Event organisation: Merchant City festival 22-08-17 - Understanding Your Startup’s Cash Flows - NGOs – Unicef - Revenue models - Working capital - Importance of customers in an unregulated market – Parcelforce 12-08-17 - Impacts of global capitalism and Express Essay internationalisation of economic activity - Strategic marketing plan – Apple - Culture in organisations - Impact of choice of country on starting a business. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Genghis Khan Biography? Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and Wales under Company Number 08866484 .