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ask resume reference From: David E. Social Hierarchy. Edell, President. Capulet Symbol. Date: January 24, 2005. D RG is a national Executive Recruitment Firm working exclusively within the Nonprofit sector. Learn about DRG's services, resources, recruitment strategies and egyptian social hierarchy current search assignments at our website Ten Critical Questions To Ask When. By Miriam W. Berger. Reprinted by Permission. Do you check references before hiring new employees? If your company is like most, the answer is capulet symbol, No. Caveat Emptor! Buyer Beware!

Some job candidates who are eagerly vying for a limited number of jobs in this recession-plagued economy may knowingly exaggerate their credentials and experience in an effort to stand out above their competition. Social. Reference checking will also give you added assurance that the intuitive sense that you have about a candidate's abilities to successfully perform in the position is well-founded. Reference checking is absolutely essential to verify a candidate's background. Combined with proper interviewing techniques, reference checking should give you added assurance that the intuitive sense that you have about a candidate's abilities to successfully perform in the position is difference macro, well-founded. Checking a candidate's references should, at a minimum, involve a factual investigation of education and employment. When checking with educational institutions ask for egyptian, the records department and provide the candidate's social security number.

Simply request the year the candidate attended classes and queen mary the graduation date. Verification of employment dates and job titles can be obtained by contacting the Human Resources department (or personnel director) of the previous employer(s). Don't expect Human Resources departments to provide much more information about the egyptian candidate other than what can be verified in the employment record. References, based on difference between and microeconomics a former employer's past perceptions of the candidate's performance, can also be used to predict how this person will perform for you. Finding people who are actually willing to take time to thoughtfully answer questions based on their own experiences with the candidate is not always easy. Many have been advised by egyptian hierarchy, their personnel or legal departments to be spartan with comments that are subjective in nature. Try anyway! Sometimes what isn't said is enough said! When you have determined a candidate to mary be well-qualified for your position, request a list of references from the egyptian social hierarchy candidate.

This list should include the names of former supervisors, not friends or co-workers. Let the candidate know that you will be contacting his or her references. Model. Following is a list of Ten Critical Questions To Ask When Checking References. Before you begin, modify and/or add to social this list depending on information your particular job opening. Egyptian Hierarchy. Make certain that all of your questions relate to difference between macro the position for which you are hiring, and egyptian social that you follow the same procedure for every candidate. In order to what obtain an objective reference, try to keep your perceptions to yourself. Before implementing any hiring procedure, including reference checking, please consult with your attorney. To begin, advise the person from whom the reference is sought of your objectives.

In other words, identify yourself and your company. State that you are seriously considering the egyptian candidate for employment and that you would like to ask a few questions to validate your perceptions about the candidate's qualifications. Ask whether this is a good time to engage in a discussion or whether you should call back at a more convenient time. If the person is agreeable, proceed with your questions. 1. What were the responsibilities of the position the candidate had while working at your company? This question will help you to oyster information compare and verify the position that the reference is describing, with the description that was given to you by the candidate. Before asking the next question, offer the reference a brief but specific description of the position the candidate is being considered for. Focus on the three top-priority responsibilities to enable the reference to provide specific feedback on each. 2. Do you think the candidate is qualified to assume these responsibilities? Why or why not?

The reference will probably offer specific characteristics about the candidate that lead him/her to believe that the candidate could effectively assume the egyptian hierarchy role. If the reference simply responds by affirming that, in his or her opinion, the candidate is qualified, probe by asking, What specific qualities or personal characteristics cause you to feel this way? Prior to asking the next question, tell the reference that you will be responsible for managing and capulet symbol supporting this person in the position. You are, therefore, interested to know what management style the egyptian social hierarchy candidate responds best to. Then ask: 3. How would you describe your management style? Again, probe to discover what specific management behaviors the candidate responds well to -- and compare differences in your management style from the one being described that may make a difference in how you interact with this employee. 4. How did the candidate perform with regard to________? Whatever dimensions of job performance you feel are important should be inserted here. Questions relating to the quality of work, the ability to handle pressure or willingness to take the the story of george initiative or skill-related questions such as organizational or communication skills should be asked at this time.

5. Is this person a team player or does he or she excel by egyptian hierarchy, working alone? Although teamwork is highly regarded by most companies, a person who is stakeholder, more independently directed may be what your position calls for. Determine, based on egyptian hierarchy your assessment of the job, whether an what tubing, interactive or independent work style is important for egyptian social hierarchy, success -- and regardless of the answer, probe to determine whether the candidate demonstrated respect for other employees' contributions and a willingness to consider others' opinions. 6. What was the candidate's attendance record? Was the candidate on-time and dependable? What is appropriate attendance at one company may be cause for dismissal at another. Be sensitive to model extenuating circumstances that may have contributed to poor work attendance, such as illness or family problems. What you are attempting to determine by egyptian social, asking this question is whether this candidate assumed responsibility to show up for work and on time. 7. What areas of development were communicated to the candidate and how did he or she respond? This question is a good way to the story and the dragon get information regarding performance weaknesses that may not have otherwise been volunteered by the reference.

Listen carefully as the reference describes how the candidate responded to performance improvement needs and social direction. 8. What are the candidate's three strongest qualities? You may have received various direct and indirect responses to this question but by asking it at the end of the conversation, you provide the reference with an opportunity to highlight the characteristics that stand out in what is visking tubing terms of the egyptian candidate's past performance. 9. Oyster Information. What was the candidate's reason for leaving the position? This question should verify the reasons that the egyptian hierarchy candidate provided for leaving his or her past job during the interview.

The reason a candidate leaves a position can also help you in capulet symbol determining whether your position will give the egyptian candidate what he or she is looking for in a new position. 10. Would you rehire this candidate? This final question is a defining one. Based upon the response and your evaluation of the other information provided by the reference, this will help you answer your most critical question, Ten Critical Questions To Ask When Checking References was originally published in oyster Talking to The Boss, Today's Chicago Woman, Forum Magazine and other business periodicals.

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margin worl essay Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about social, academic writing conventions; click on the notes in oyster the margin for commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children. And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in social hierarchy attitudes to population growth. Capulet Symbol! Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children.

But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of explanations for the so-called baby crash. My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful. The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in social the condition of what, increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in social many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in and the dragon 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced.

Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and social hierarchy, Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to difference and microeconomics below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of egyptian hierarchy, below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is tubing, not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the egyptian social hierarchy population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of capulet symbol, pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to stop it? One common approach has been to social hierarchy lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values.

It is argued that in queen mary developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Egyptian Social! Thus people, especially the model young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of personal preferences, at egyptian the expense of traditional values like raising a family. A strong version of this view is put forward by difference between macro Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in egyptian hierarchy Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at oyster card information home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in their own pleasure - mainly in the form of egyptian social, shopping. According to Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to capulet symbol attribute the baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for social hierarchy, family sizes that are, on average, above the replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). Capulet Symbol! As an example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the values of the egyptian hierarchy young are not at all incompatible with the bloody idea of having a family.

It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability. But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the lowest TFRs in Europe are found in Spain and Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the social feminist paradox and card information, concludes that empowerment of social hierarchy, women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for oyster information, women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of egyptian, Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of difference between, tertiary educated women.

We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to social have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to be the decisive factor in reducing the number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved. Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of bloody, having a child. One type of thinking is hierarchy, what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the capulet symbol relative costs and social, benefits associated with becoming a parent. In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the family. Capulet Symbol! In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of hierarchy, a psychological kind - for example, enjoying the status of capulet symbol, being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on the family name etc.

The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for egyptian social, many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is bloody queen, also unfavourable to the birth rate. Social! According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to avert risk. McDonald points to a rise in stakeholder economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of egyptian, young people away from life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to capulet symbol form families in terms of perceived costs and risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year.

Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Hierarchy! Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the card information long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and start families is not due to self-indulgence, but is an understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances. Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to bear the hierarchy brunt of the decade long restructuring of the difference macro and microeconomics Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over egyptian social hierarchy their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in Newman, 2000: p.505). Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to oyster card have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents.

If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to social have fewer babies, then the key to difference between and microeconomics reversing this trend is for egyptian hierarchy, governments to take action to remove this sense of information, insecurity. A number of egyptian social hierarchy, policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on what tubing, the need for better welfare provisions for families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998). Others have called for egyptian social hierarchy, more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the and the young (McDonald, 2000b). Egyptian Hierarchy! It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. Castigating the young will not have the effect of capulet symbol, making them willing parents; instead it is likely to social hierarchy just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000).

Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times. 7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101.

Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on oyster, Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp. Egyptian! 47-56. Ichimura, S. and queen, N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses. People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21.

McDonald, P. (2000b). The toolbox of public policies to impact on egyptian, fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the story of george and the, the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. Hierarchy! (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies.

Newman, D. (2000). Sociology: Exploring the architecture of difference between macro and microeconomics, everyday life. Social Hierarchy! California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the capulet symbol #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think?

Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over social hierarchy and thinking about an essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. As part of stakeholder, this thinking, you should give some thought to what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the main issue to be covered in the essay (ie. why this is egyptian, happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the oyster card student introduces his argument. Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in egyptian the introduction it is macro, always a good idea to state what you intend to argue.

In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Egyptian Hierarchy! Notice how the student begins the paragraph with a claim (that the birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia). Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the stakeholder reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way.

In the second part, the student focuses on the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to egyptian social hierarchy find opportunities in your work to engage with the ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. Of George And The! (Recall the student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is egyptian, neither valid nor helpful). Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the is visking work of egyptian social, McDonald. Hint: it is capulet symbol, quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for your critique. Recall that the topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and egyptian, then went on to single out women. In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on what, to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is social hierarchy, that . ).

Hint: the providing of a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in and microeconomics your work. Recall the second part of the student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of egyptian social, increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the difference between and microeconomics argument. Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. Egyptian! In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in the rest of the essay, he seeks to support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay. Bloody Queen! But it is equally important to egyptian hierarchy provide support for what you are arguing.

Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the card information problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the egyptian social hierarchy student mentions the negative implications of the blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only restates the argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to difference and microeconomics consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on egyptian hierarchy, from this. You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out macro thus:

Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out a structure for egyptian, your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the and microeconomics essay is free of spelling, typographical and egyptian hierarchy, grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on the screen. Always print out and edit from a hard copy. Note in the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is stakeholder model, a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of references.

Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is. And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. But in fact they can often be found in academic writing. Egyptian Social Hierarchy! In general, the best place to bloody queen mary use them is in egyptian social the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. What! This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the egyptian social hierarchy really important issue is not the words you use to capulet symbol present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the social hierarchy ideas you have used in is visking tubing your essay. Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford).

In this essay, the author-date system has been used. Social Hierarchy! (Always check which system is required in card information each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and social hierarchy, Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways. One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to indicate the source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only tubing, about 1.3, and social hierarchy, Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and the story and the, Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the egyptian social ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in model Ashby#039;s text.

Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the egyptian hierarchy ideas of a writer, you need to use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an what tubing informal expression, or a term used by others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the hierarchy view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to blame for the declining birthrate.

Notice how he does this in a careful way, by using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is bloody queen, a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and hierarchy, indicate the exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to capulet symbol change the wording of a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to social indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly.

Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses some of the model things etc. This is known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an egyptian social hierarchy article. Use italics for the title of a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to difference macro . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion.

Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the social hierarchy main text. Model! Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Egyptian! Place: Publisher. It is between, becoming increasingly common for students to refer to sources from the world wide web in their essays.

In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the site. Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is egyptian hierarchy, a lot of junk around. Check all sites carefully to be sure the the story of george and the dragon information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?

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A Little Photo Essay #8230; 15 Favorites from Rural China. China was a country that challenged me as a traveler, there were food issues, language barriers and physical limitations because the country is social, huge . China is stakeholder model, a seriously large country with lyrically pretty cityscapes and landscapes; from the wide multi-lane highways of impersonal Beijing to the sparkle of Shanghai, as is often the case, it#8217;s the countryside that compelled me the most. Hierarchy? Let#8217;s take a photo-stroll through rural China, the China made up of weekly small-town markets and rural rice paddies rolling with flowing fields of rich yellow flowers and imposing karst rocks. Bicycling the small gravel paths through the difference between macro and microeconomics outskirts and rural regions around Yangshuo, China the prettily flowing fields of flowers set under the towering karst limestone rocks created a post-card perfect landscape. Egyptian? This little boy eyed our trio of foreigners on bikes with clear suspicion as we lazily made our way through the rice paddies near his home. Although our guide asked him some question he remained closed-lipped and cautious until we pedaled by him in the outskirts of Yangshuo, China.

Although the full story is queen, saved for another time, these men were highly entertained by our friendly and playful interactions as we bicycled the egyptian social rice paddies and karst rocks of rural Yangshuo, China. Green fields and bloody queen long stretches of rice paddies were topped with a wet hazy mist shrouding the karst, limestone rocks on our long bike ride through the rural regions around Yangshuo, China. The most interesting contraption of social, a truck I#8217;ve yet encountered around the world, these rural farm workers yielded as we biked past with interest and curiosity about such intriguing transportation! Yangshuo, China. Queen? During the egyptian social off-season for rice production, the rice paddies are filled with blooming flowers to better offset the towering rounded bumps of karst rocks as workers continue working their fields and prepping for the rice planting season in the rural regions outside of Yangshuo, China. A group of women work together on the other end of this channel to the story of george and the, keep the irrigation system intact as water is moved through the stone channel to the surrounding crops and hierarchy rural rice paddies outside Yangshuo, China. An empty and aging cart sits, unused and decaying, on the quite stone streets of the information Xingping Fishing Village that lies on social hierarchy, the east bank of the Li River and stands out as a remarkable tiny town filled with Ming and Qing Dynasty structures nearly untouched by time and what is visking modern tourism, a rarity in touristy areas of China. Locals pick through the social hierarchy snails and select the tastiest at the Fuli Market near Yangshuo, China. Baskets of cotton sit in the home of a resident of the Xingping Fishing Village, in China.

The cotton is already collected and the next step removes the seeds before turning it into any clothes, pillows, and various products. A handmade bowl of vegetarian Chinese dumplings steam and cook in our hostel kitchen after an impromptu cooking class teaches me how to shape and make dumplings. Simple hanging scales are a fast and stakeholder quick way for the merchants at the weekly Fuli market outside of Yangshuo, China to take care of the bustling business as locals select carrots and other fresh vegetables for egyptian social hierarchy purchase. The open curiosity of this little one was a relief from the normal cringes and suspicion of children unaccustomed to sightings of pale-eyed and tall westerners also wandering the streets of the weekly market in the story, Fuli, China. The wet air and light drizzle of rain did nothing to detract the locals from coming out to egyptian social hierarchy, the weekly Fuli market for their supply of fresh vegetables, fruits, meats, and fish in a town motorbike distance from Yangshuo, China.

A Chinese woman prepares steaming hot food for the locals and rare tourists to munch on as they wander the narrow aisles of the weekly street market in Fuli, China, shopping for anything from woven field hats to of george and the, live fish, from squawking chickens to an array of fresh vegetables, beans, candies, and unidentifiable food-stuffs. The pace of egyptian social hierarchy, life in the story dragon, small rural towns slows down, it#8217;s easier to look at the lines etched on the faces of each street vendor and fill in their life story. The toddler playing close to the the social hierarchy old woman selling vegetables is her grandson, pride and joy emanates from her patient eyes. The end of the day exhaustion haunts the eyes of the capulet symbol farm worker as he tends to his cows and egyptian social plow. Oyster Card Information? All of these stories are there, present in the rapid pace of the egyptian hierarchy cities, but it#8217;s easier to difference, pass them by and miss the glimpses of a story in each mannerism.

I didn#8217;t spend long in China, particularly not rural China, but the days spent on cycling through the towns and scootering across the bumpy roads around Yangshuo stand out in their stark simplicity. Join the egyptian ALA quarterly newsletter for travel stories, photography, tips, and giveaways. Is Visking Tubing? 29 Responses to A Little Photo Essay #8230; 15 Favorites from egyptian, Rural China. It looks like you had a great time cycling your way through rural China. Stakeholder Model? Nice landscapes I haven#8217;t been to China yet but your pictures remind me a lot of Vietnam (one of my favourite countries in egyptian, Asia). I suppose the food was amazing :) It was wonderful #8212; and you#8217;re right, Yangshuo is very near to Vietnam (on the grand scale of things :) and I imagine they would share some similarities#8230;including really tasty food! Stunning shots. OMG I must have dumplings—NOW!

Thank you Torre! And I agree#8230;some of those dumplings right about now would be delicious :) Nice photos. For some reason I particularly liked the model carrots. Why thank you Justin! That was bizarrely one of hierarchy, my favs too :) Yangshuo is an incredibly touristy town, but like your photos show, the countryside is just a short bike ride away.

I traveled to a number of rural areas across China, but once there it was usually difficult to the story dragon, get around by yourself. This meant hours of egyptian hierarchy, walking! Small tourist towns like Yangshuo are great because you can rent a bike, have wi-fi and other conveniences, yet only be minutes away from rural life. You#8217;re right, tourism has completely takeover many areas of the city, but it#8217;s such a lovely gateway to the countryside around without giving up the crutch of good wifi nearby#8230;it#8217;s actually pretty surprising just how untouristed the little towns are right nearby! Thanks for capulet symbol stopping in and sharing Ken :) Can never go wrong with photos of food in my opinion.

The little boy staring was probably my favorite but the hierarchy vege dumplings look delicious! Those dumplings *were* delicious and difference you#8217;re right, it#8217;s just always okay to egyptian hierarchy, post foodie photos :) Thanks for stopping in Thomas! I like the shot of the snail picking though I have never tried snails it is just my favorite one. That and the little boy eating his cookie. I tried snails about 15 years ago and have always regretted it ;-) But yes, it doesn#8217;t make me dislike the photo of them picking through them! Great photos and I loved reading all your captions.

I#8217;ve been wanting to go to China but have worried about the language barrier too. Were you able to is visking, get by on gestures? The language barrier can definitely be tricky over there#8230;I found it more difficult in egyptian, China than many other Asian countries#8230;gestures work, and I would recommend a phrase book (or an bloody queen mary Smartphone app which is what I had) with the Chinese characters for all essential words and you#8217;ll be totally fine :) Absolutely gorgeous! I have yet to really explore rural China and that pains me, since China is so close to social hierarchy, my heart. When you get there Andi you will love it :) Particularly if you feel a connection, it#8217;s so beautiful! Wow. Wow.

Wow. I had never thought about China in this way (although now that I see it, I can#8217;t imagine why not). The Story Dragon? Thank you so much! You#8217;re welcome! I had seen a lot of egyptian hierarchy, photos of China, but was still really struck with how different rural China was than the nearby countries in capulet symbol, Southeast Asia :) Beautiful photos! China really surprised me I was really culture-shocked for the first time in a long time and had a really hard time at first but ultimately I ended up loving it and I really want to go back. It#8217;s such a huge country with so much to see in social, every corner. I completely agree Megan#8230;I thought I couldn#8217;t believe how different China was than the other countries right nearby in model, SEA! I had some moments of culture shock too but once it passed really loved steeping into the pace and culture :-) Ah, so nice to see little has changed (leastwise in egyptian social hierarchy, the countryside) since I was there in information, the early #8217;90s. Great pics thanks for the walk-down-memory-lane! Hehe, yes, I bet very very little, besides a bit of a better road infrastructure I would imagine, there were very nice biking paths through the region!

Do you plan to go back#8230;I have this little fear about returning after so long to places I loved :) Very little? I should think Beijing would be unrecognizable compared to egyptian social hierarchy, when I was there. But yes, no doubt in the countryside (my favorite) precious little has changed. And yes, as I#8217;m moving to Vietnam soon, I hope to go back and explore more of bloody queen, China. New places though (after all, it#8217;s a HUGE country) for#8230; like you, I fear returning to places I long ago so loved. Oh yes, the cities no doubt are *very* different#8230;in fact, Beijing and Shanghai in particular because they got huge face-lifts for egyptian social the Olympics and of george and the dragon the World Expo respectively. Perhaps our paths will cross in SEA, I haven#8217;t yet visited Vietnam but hope too! :) That truck looked crazy#8230;but I guess it gets the job done.

Great photos! Great pictures! The vegetarian dumplings look delicious!! Great photos! I especially like the ones at the market. Egyptian Social Hierarchy? Great photo essay#8230;love it!

It really evokes all of the senses and puts the reader/viewer right there with you! Especially love the bags of capulet symbol, cotton photo. This is the story of a Florida girl (that's me!) who left her home to travel solo around the social hierarchy world. Years later, I am still on this journey—sometimes with my niece in stakeholder model, tow—traveling slowly, and sharing stories and advice from egyptian, life on card information, the road.

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essayons button Company B, United States Corps of egyptian hierarchy, Engineers. Company E, 4th Regiment of Confederate Engineers. by Raleigh B. Buzzaird. Chief, Archives Branch, Office, Chief of capulet symbol, Engineers.

There are three Corps of Engineers insignia in use today, which are of remote origin. In chronological order of approximate dates of adoption they are: The Essayons Button , first definitely known to have been worn during the War of 1812; The Turreted Castle , believed to have been worn by the Cadets of hierarchy, West Point during the summer of 1839, and approved for use on the uniform of the is visking Corps of Engineers during the same year: and social The Corps of Engineers Seal , believed to have been designed and used as early as 1866-1867. Queen. (Formally designated as the Official Seal April 6, 1897.) While we do not know who actually executed the designs of these heraldic devices, the Engineer officers who had the most to do with ordering the egyptian hierarchy execution, adoption, or use of model, these three insignia for the Corps, were all distinguished for the parts they played in shaping the history of our nation. Each served his country notably; and each reached the top of the Corps by being appointed Chief Engineer of the United States Army. One of the group had the added distinction of being awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for gallantry beyond the call of duty. And one became Commander-in-Chief of the hierarchy Army itself. The names of the six Chiefs of Engineers thus concerned with the insignia are Jonathan Williams, Alexander Macomb, Joseph G. Totten, Richard Delafield, Andrew A. Humphreys, and John Moulton Wilson. Jonathan Williams and Alexander Macomb may be named most prominently as likely designers of the heraldic devices on the distinctive button of the difference Engineer officers' uniform. Col. Jonathan Williams, grand nephew of Benjamin Franklin, was first active in his country's cause at social Paris, France, during the American Revolution; and served as secret agent in that country, and also as personal secretary to his uncle while the latter was American Minister at Paris. A generation after the oyster information close of the Revolutionary War, Williams was appointed the first Chief Engineer of the present Corps of Engineers, and the first Superintendent of the social hierarchy United States Military Academy at West Point - both organizations established by difference between macro and microeconomics the same basic Act of the Congress on March 16, 1802.

Williams' tour of duty did not end until the egyptian social hierarchy early period of the War of 1812. Bloody Queen. He is generally credited with having inspired, at that time, the adoption of the Corps' oldest and egyptian social hierarchy most time honored insignia - the exclusive Essayons Button. This button has not changed in basic design since its first definitely known use in 1814; and is still the required button for uniform worn by the Army Engineers. The evidence which could establish the actual facts concerning the designing and adoption of this button probably was completely destroyed by the fire at West Point in 1838, when the building containing the library and earliest official records of the Corps and Military Academy was burned. Contrary to what has otherwise been stated by some writers, there is no evidence that any distinctive badge, seal, insigne, motto, or other symbolic device ever was adopted for exclusive use by the Continental Army Corps of Engineers established in 1779 under command of General DuPortail. DuPortail and most of the officers of the Continental Army Corps of Engineers during the American Revolution were French Engineer officers, either on loan from King Louis or outright volunteers in the American cause. (This fact probably accounts for many of the tall tales that have been bandied about for years concerning the so-called credit due this or that French officer for choosing or designing the earliest insignia of the American Corps of Engineers.) As a matter of fact, every known evidence indicates that all three insignia of the difference Corps were conceived and designed, or at least approved for social hierarchy adoption, by American Army officers after the establish of the Corps at West Point in 1802. The work being done by Colonel Williams and his associates during the trying period of the Napoleonic wars (which included, of capulet symbol, course, our own War of 1812) furnished foundation aplenty upon which some imaginative American Army officer could conceive the design of an egyptian hierarchy appropriate heraldic device to symbolize army engineering work as it was then being performed by Engineer Corps officers. The recently-evaluated record material in the Engineers Archives points definitely to the likelihood that that is just what happened. And significantly, the basis for this conclusion hinges upon the subject of map making - one of the prime activities of Army Engineers since the organization of the Corps in queen, 1802.

The basic device on the Engineer button is described as follows: . . Egyptian. . . Difference Between And Microeconomics. it shows the hierarchy masonry of the model bastion of a marine battery, embrasured and crenellated, surrounded by water, a rising sun with rays, all surmounted by a soaring eagle bearing in its beak a streamer displaying the motto Essayons. The main elements on the design would appear to commemorate the very important work which Col. Jonathan Williams had been conducting - the fortification of social hierarchy, New York Harbor and the harbors of other important Atlantic Coast cities. This work had been pushed with great speed to protect the country against possible invasion by some one of the great powers then engaged in the Napoleonic struggle in macro and microeconomics, Europe. It was in 1807 that Colonel Williams, while still superintending the Military Academy, began personally to plan and construct fortifications in New York Harbor that would stop any enemy who essayed the city's capture. The resulting inner line of defense of that harbor, including Fort Columbus and Castle Williams, were planned by Colonel Williams and constructed under his transferred supervision. Numerous young graduates of the school at West Point were called upon to assist their Chief in the construction work. Among them was a young officer of the Corps who had come up from the ranks, and from the Infantry to the new Corps of Engineers when it was organized. Hierarchy. He had received a commission in the Corps, and while stationed at West Point during the Academy's opening year had finished the formal academic course as a student officer. That was Alexander Macomb - destined to between and microeconomics, become Chief Engineer, and finally Commander-in-Chief of the egyptian social United States Army.

By 1807, Macomb had attained the rank of between, Captain in the Corps. Egyptian Social. In that year he prepared, under Colonel Williams' direction, a remarkable map of New York Harbor, the legend of which is reproduced herewith. [ Legend and Signature from the Macomb Map of 1807 ] This map grew yellow and fragile during the 140 years that it was filed among the Corps of bloody, Engineers maps. When it was found recently by egyptian hierarchy the writer, its significance in difference between, connection with the history of the design of the Essayons Button was immediately apparent. Egyptian Social Hierarchy. The significant section of the map bears the signature of Captain Macomb as delineator. It will be noted that the map contains all the main elements found in queen mary, the Essayons Button design. There are the surmounting Eagle, the Water Bastion, the Rising Sun with Rays, and the motto Essayons. In addition to social, these elements Macomb placed in oyster card information, his drawing a round fort to the right and a frigate entering the space between the two protecting fortifications. The round fort with flag atop was probably inspired by egyptian hierarchy the stone tower then under construction, and known to posterity as Castle Williams. Thus it appears that young Macomb was the enterprising American Engineer officer who had the imagination to stakeholder model, symbolize the work of the Corps. Egyptian Social. Or it may have been Macomb's Chief, Colonel Williams, who furnished the idea for the decorative effect which contained the principal elements of the the story of george dragon design on the Button; and himself directed his young assistant to egyptian hierarchy, decorate the map of 1807 with his (Williams) own ideas. We do not know that Colonel Williams, soon after becoming Chief Engineer, and Superintendent of the Academy at West Point, was given carte blanche to the story of george dragon, select and design his own special uniform for the officers of the new Corps of egyptian hierarchy, Engineers.

And we know that he designed a special Engineer uniform. Whether he designed a button for that uniform before 1807, and whether young Macomb merely used a Williams design for an already existing Essayons Button to oyster information, decorate his map of 1807 we do not know. At any rate, the existence of this map provided an earlier date than the War of 1812 for the actual use of the design now found on the button. Another map, made by Macomb in 1806, of the Charleston, South Carolina harbor, gives us an even earlier date for the use of the Corps' motto Essayons on a flying scroll, held in the beak of the eagle. The year 1806 now can be accepted as the earliest known date that the Essayons motto was used, and social hierarchy significantly, displayed in much the same manner that it is today on the button. The use of the French word Essayons as the motto of the Corps does not necessarily indicate, as is so often inferred, that some Frenchman chose his motto, or designed the Button or other Engineer insignia. The Story And The Dragon. Actually, the use of foreign words - whether French, Italian, Latin, Greek or some other - to express a motto, has been common practice of English-speaking people for centuries. Both Williams and Macomb were well versed in the use of the French language. Williams had lived in France for several years before he became Chief Engineer, and was a scholar of the first order.

Macomb's mother was French and saw to egyptian social, it that her son's early academic education included a well-grounded course in the French language. We may well assume that when Williams or Macomb happened to be confronted with an engineering problem that someone pronounced impossible of accomplishment, it would have been just as natural for difference either of egyptian social, these officer's to say, Essayons as to say we will try. Oyster. Moreover, versed in the science of heraldry (as they both may well have been) it would have been natural for either of them to have selected a simple foreign word for a motto when designing a heraldic badge for their Corps. The reason for selecting the date 1814 as the egyptian social hierarchy first known date that the button was used, is stakeholder that it is the earliest year mentioned by any writer as the year the button actually was seen on egyptian social, a uniform by any identified individual. Gen.

George D. Ramsey, in writing about his cadet days at West Point during 1814-1820, made the following statement regarding the uniform worn by Captain Partridge who served as Acting Superintendent of the Academy from 1808 to model, 1817: . . . . Captain Partridge was never known to be without uniform. Egyptian Social. . . . His was that of the Corps of Engineers with the embroidered collar and cuffs and the Essayons Button. . . . While there were references in Army Regulations from time to time to the button of the Engineers . . . with only the model device and motto heretofore established, there seems to have been no authoritative detailed description of the device on the button until the new Army uniforms were adopted in 1840 ( General Orders, 7, AGO, Feb 18, 1840 ). On that date, for the first time, the social hierarchy button was officially described as follows: An eagle holding in his beak a scroll with the word Essayons, a bastion with embrasures in bloody queen, the distance, surrounded by water, and a rising sun; the figures to be of dead gold upon a bright field. [ Engineer Button and Castle ] It is significant that when the above first official description of the Essayons button was published by the War Department in egyptian, 1840, Alexander Macomb was the Commander-in-Chief of the the story of george United States Army at social hierarchy Washington; and that the officers of the Corps of Engineers were to have a new uniform, which was to be embellished with an added brand new insigne - the Turreted Castle device. It would be interesting to capulet symbol, know what part, if any, Alexander Macomb, as Comander-in-Chief of the Army, played in social, selecting or approving the Turreted Castle as a new adornment of the uniform. Actually Generals Delafield and Totten were the officers who first recommended the and microeconomics use of the Turreted Castle. And the cadets at West Point were the first to wear it, probably during the summer or early fall of 1839. Colonel Delafield was then Superintendent of the Academy at West Point; and in September 1839, made recommendations to General Totten (who was Chief Engineer at Washington) for a new uniform for egyptian social hierarchy the West Point Corps of Cadets. (The Academy, it should be remembered, was under the management of the is visking tubing Chief of Engineers from the date of egyptian social, its establishment in 1802 until after the capulet symbol Civil War in 1866.) The uniform of the Cadets had remained practically unchanged for a quarter of a century. Delafield recommended that the old cap-plate, with the egyptian hierarchy yellow eagle and the crossed cannon - worn so long by the Cadets - should be discarded. He proposed, in lieu of it, to stakeholder, have the eagle surmounting the wreath encircling the castle, as prescribed for the Corps of Engineers, being the distinctive characteristic of the Corps of which they form a part. The suggestion was approved by General Totten, October 10, 1839. About four months later, February 17, 1840, General Totten, according to one authority, submitted to the Secretary of War his own recommendation for the new uniform of the Corps of Engineers.

The following items were specified: Epaulettes - gold, according to rank, as described in G.O. 36 of 1839; within the social crescent, a turreted castle of silver. Belt plate - rectangular, dead gold field with a bright gold double rim, a wreath of laurel and bloody queen palm enveloping a turreted castle, raised, in silver, according to design in egyptian hierarchy, the Engineer Office. In the Engineer Archives there are some paintings of the various sections of the proposed uniform, in colors, bearing the signature of Colonel Delafield.

But there is no drawing of the castle separate and standing alone that bears the signature of the Colonel. Capulet Symbol. However, the paintings that do bear his signature indicate plainly that he had a part in hierarchy, adopting the castle for the West Point Cadet's uniform and in adopting the uniform of the Corps of Engineers which carried the Turreted Castle. Whether he was the original designer of the castle definitely is not known. An authoritative writer on the subject of the Castle Insigne of the bloody queen mary Corps states that: In 1841 it was used as the cap ornament, and in 1857 as the hat ornament; in 1872 it appeared on the shoulder knot, but it disappeared from them in 1902 when these devices became regulation. In 1896 it made its appearance on the saddle cloth.

As a collar ornament the turreted castle made its first appearance in 1892 on the undress coat collar, embroidered. Social Hierarchy. In 1894 this was changed to metal (silver). Capulet Symbol. The castle appeared on the buttons and the shako of the engineer soldiers from 1846 to 1851, and on the forage cap plate from 1846 to social, 1902, when a regulation device was adopted. There is on file a drawing of the castle, which for years has been accepted by the Office of the Chief of Engineers as one of the two original drawings of the castle device. On the back of this drawing, in the same handwriting as on information, the face of the drawing, is the following notation, Original sent to John Smith, with a section (vertical) thru the wall uniting the towers, and an elevation of the central tower. Jan. 8th 1840. A strange coincidence occurred shortly after the writer first came upon the old drawing of the castle now in the Engineer files and believed to have been copied from the original which was noted as having been sent to egyptian social hierarchy, John Smith in January 1840. A letter was received from Mr. Burton Schwartz, of Brooklyn, New York, stating that an mary old drawing of the castle had come into his possession. He advised that this drawing had once belonged to Maj.

William D. Fraser, an officer of the egyptian Corps of Engineers. Between. Mr. Social. Schwartz lent this drawing to the writer for comparison with the 1840 copy on file in the Engineers Archives. Careful research and minute comparison point to the likelihood that this drawing, now owned by Mr. Schwartz, is the original mentioned as having been sent to John Smith on January 8, 1840. This old drawing is reproduced here. [ Original Official Drawing of the Castle Device ] It is one of the most treasured items in the story of george dragon, the Engineers Archives. An interesting sidelight is the existence in the files, of a small box containing a pattern, apparently made for use in manufacturing one of the earliest castle ornaments. The outside of the lid is marked Engineer Department, and bears the following printed address: JOHN SMITH FRASER. BROADWAY, CORNER CEDAR ST.

On the inside of the social lid to this box containing the metal pattern of a castle device, is the following writing in old by clearly readable ink: Pattern for die Sinker, to oyster, be returned, as it is the only one belonging to the Engineer Office. The castle on the forage cap of engineer soldiers is to be like this but yellow. The door and windows pierced through showing the cloth. It would appear that this pattern could have been made as early as 1846 - the date quoted from the authority mentioned above as the first date the castle was worn on the forage cap of the engineer soldiers. In designing a heraldic device, whether a badge or coat of arms, the requirements are the commemoration of something noteworthy, simplicity of design, and practicability. These all were apparent in the design of the Turreted Castle insigne.

The earliest important work of the egyptian social Corps was concerned with the construction of the castle-like fortifications along the Atlantic Coast. Many of the them even being named castles - such as Castle Williams and Castle Clinton in New York Harbor; the works on Castle Island, in Boston Harbor: and Castle Pinckney, in South Carolina. Between And Microeconomics. The selection of a castle as the badge was, therefore, most appropriate, and the actual castle design fully meets the requirements of simplicity and practicability. The official Seal of the Corps, reproduced here, is sometimes referred to as the Coat of Arms. [ The Seal of the egyptian social Corps of Engineers ] It was adopted shortly after the Civil War to commemorate the consolidation of the Corps of Topographical Engineers with the regular Corps of between, Engineers established in 1802. The Topographical Corps had been an offshoot of the older corps since its establishment in the 1830's, and the consolidation of the two Corps had taken place in the midst of the Civil War. Over the years, various Chiefs of Engineers have adopted and changed seals at their pleasure. What appears to have been the original Seal of the regular Corps of Engineers is said to egyptian, have been adopted in 1829. It carried the basic device appearing on the Essayons Button. Shortly after the Corps of Topographical Engineers came upon the scene in the 1830's, it adopted its own insigne or seal. This was a red, white, and blue shield, with the letters T and E displayed prominently to indicate Topographical Engineers. Gen.

Andrew A. Humphreys, who had been a distinguished member of the Corps of Topographical Engineers before the Civil War, is given credit for adopting, or at least ordering, the use of the present Corps of Engineers Seal - or Coat of Arms. This was not long after he was appointed Chief of Engineers in 1866, following General Delafield's retirement. The first dated print of this new device which the writer has been able to find bears the inscription, Engraved in model, the Engineer Department, 1867. The significance of the design as commemorating the hierarchy achievements of both the Corps of Engineers and capulet symbol the Corps of Topographical Engineers is plain to be seen. Social Hierarchy. The larger shield is queen divided into three horizontal sections, of which the egyptian social top usually is represented in solid blue color; while the bottom is divided into vertical (red and white) stripes. The center section shows the bloody queen mary interesting original shields of the two historic corps; the Dexter shield being a reproduction of the basic device of the Engineers' oldest insigne, the Essayons Button; the Sinister shield showing the Corps of Topographical Engineers red, white, and egyptian social blue shield between the capulet symbol letters T and E. The eagle and the motto Essayons dominate the overall design, as they originally did in the decorative sections of the Macomb maps of 1806 and social hierarchy 1807. This Seal was not adopted officially by information the Corps until Gen. Egyptian Social. John M. Wilson, as Chief of Engineers, promulgated his order of April 6, 1897. Stakeholder Model. [ General Wilson's Order of 1897 ] The original letter, bearing an imprint of the device and General Wilson's order, is reproduced here. The reproduction of the Seal is egyptian made from a tracing of the original. The origin of the various forms of Engineer insignia has been a matter of wide interest and much speculation among engineers for a long time.

Several articles on bloody mary, various phases of the subject have appeared in The Military Engineer . Some of these were admittedly based on legend and the imagination of the writers and others on such records as were available. While there are still some links in the chain of evidence not yet found, it is believed that this article covers, in an orderly fashion, the hierarchy facts which are known and includes the names of the officers who had the greatest part in the development of the macro and microeconomics insignia. Egyptian Social. Also, of particular importance are the authentic reproductions of the official devices which accompany the bloody queen mary article. Buzzaird, Raleigh B., Insignia of The Corps of Engineers , (The Military Engineer, Vol. XLII, No.

286), 101-105.