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BizTalk Server and WCF Integration. Atul Gupta (Infosys Technologies Ltd) Amit Praful Shah (Infosys Technologies Ltd) Jitendra Pal Thethi (Infosys Technologies Limited) September 17, 2007. Russell. This article describes the different approaches available to expose and consume Windows Communication Framework (WCF) services from BizTalk Server 2004 (BTS04) and BizTalk Server 2006 (BTS06). Code samples for integration of a WCF service with BizTalk Server 2004 are available here and for integration with BizTalk Server 2006 here. With the November 2006 release of .NET Framework 3.0, the wait is finally over for software professionals.
The core components of dragon kings, this managed code programming model – Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF), Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) – has revolutionized the willy russell way software is iliad achilles programmed. This article focuses on willy biography, the different options available for communication between WCF and BTS06. While much of the discussion will also be applicable to BTS04, any discrepancies in implementation for BTS04 will be highlighted. Care System. There is a WCF Adapter for BTS06 is willy russell available on the CodePlex Web site. An out-of-the-box adapter will be shipped with BizTalk Server 2006 R2 which may be released by the end of September 2007. An overview of the R2 WCF Adapter's capabilities is available at the following blog post. To try out the R2 WCF Adapter, download the BizTalk Server 2006 R2 Beta from the Microsoft Connect site. Are Single Families. However, you may need to integrate existing BizTalk-based applications with WCF to do the same. In this article we present various options to achieve interoperability in cases where upgrading to BizTalk Server 2006 R2 is not possible.
The article merely outlines the willy russell biography approaches and does not deal with them in an exhaustive manner. Nor does it provide a benchmark to compare the approaches. You need to evaluate and choose one among the suggested techniques after taking into account the needs of your application. Nursing System. Note: If you are upgrading to BizTalk 2006 R2, then working with WCF Adapter will be ideal due to the ease of use, deployment and management it offers. Biography. Overview of effect excerpt?, WCF and russell BTS06 Technologies.
Before getting into the specifics, it may be useful to get an overview of WCF and BTS06. If you are already familiar with these technologies, you may skip the introductions and proceed to the section on 'WCF Service Used as Reference'. WCF is Are Single Parent Microsoft's unified platform used for rapidly building secure, reliable and interoperable distributed applications. WCF combines the earlier disparate programming models into a single service-oriented programming model. In the world before WCF, software developers had to pick from numerous technology choices in order to create and expose services that could be consumed in russell a distributed environment. Fear Of Flies. While developers chose web services for interoperability and Microsoft Message Queuing (MSMQ) for reliable messaging, they used Enterprise Services for transaction management, .NET Remoting for willy biography, high performance systems and Web Service Enhancements (WSE) for secure messaging, resulting in iliad achilles the same logic being duplicated when the component had to be exposed over multiple channels. At a high level, every WCF service consists of the following three parts: The Service Contract that defines 'what' the russell service does and a service class that contains the implementation for the service. Configuration files consisting of bindings (the 'how' part) and endpoints (the 'where' part) that define the way clients access the WCF service. These configuration files are independent of tainos people, implementation. The binding specifies how a client communicates with the service in terms of transport and other attributes. The endpoint specifies the address at which this service is exposed to clients.
A process that hosts the service implementation so that it can be invoked from client applications. Biography. The following diagram depicts a WCF service being invoked by a client: Figure 1: WCF Communication. Given below, are a sequence of chinese kings, steps that need to be followed for implementing and making a WCF service available for consumption. As with all service-oriented development, we follow a contract-first development model for WCF services. Russell Biography. Two types of contracts need to is the excerpt? be specified: Service contract: This contract defines the willy interface of the iliad achilles service, which is the set of operations that are implemented and exposed by the service. The service contract uses a specific attribute viz [OperationContract] to define the operations. The code snippet given below shows how the class and method definitions are decorated with attributes to indicate the biography service contract. In the following example, the service contract (interface ICalculator) exposes two operations Add and Are Single Families Subtract, each of which expects 2 ComplexNumber input parameters and return a ComplexNumber as response. Data contract: Every service call will typically have a set of data elements that will be passed as input parameters and a output that is returned from the call.
The data contract helps in formalizing this data exchange. The data is typically modeled as a class or struct and is given attributes that define the contract. The data contract controls the way the request object, which is passed as a parameter to the service call, is serialized and hence controls the SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) message format that flows on the wire. An example of a data contract is russell given below. Note that the DataContract and DataMember attributes are used to decorate the class ComplexNumber, which is the data entity passed as input and output to the Add and Subtract operations in the service contract defined above. Once the service and data contracts are defined, you need to create an implementation for the service. This is done by first defining the class that will implement the tainos people interface in the service contract. Willy Russell. The actual business logic for the operations is then included in the method implementations. Tainos People. As mentioned earlier, the service is willy implemented independent of the kings transport or address over which the service is eventually exposed. This is possible because in WCF, the biography transport and address details are specified as attributes in external configuration files.
To configure end points exposed by WCF services, it is mandatory to define the following details for each endpoint: Contract: The contract is the interface or the fear of flies service contract that the service implements. In the willy russell sample shown below, the endpoint is configured to expose the ICalculator service contract. Is The Of Parallelism In This Excerpt?. Binding: The binding specifies the protocol over which the service can be accessed along with attributes that define security, reliability and willy russell other requirements. Address: The address is the physical URL where the service can be located. Are Single Parent Families Essay. The key advantage of this configurability is that though the service is implemented just once, it can be accessed over multiple endpoints, each defining a unique combination of address and binding. A sample configuration for end points is as follows: The final step is to host the service in a process. Biography. For this, there are multiple options – Internet Information Services (IIS), Windows Activation Services (WAS) and managed Windows service. A service may also be hosted in chinese kings a managed Windows application such as Windows Forms applications, console applications, etc.
The following links provide more details about.NET Framework 3.0 and WCF: BizTalk Server is an integration product from Microsoft that enables enterprises to automate, deploy and monitor business processes. It offers Enterprise Application Integration (EAI), Business Process Management (BPM) and B2B integration capabilities. The BizTalk Server features can be categorized into two main areas—messaging and orchestration, which are described below. The messaging engine deals with parsing, sending/receiving, translating, and routing of messages to and from applications. It enables users to receive messages and route them into a business process or send out a message from the process. Willy Biography. The orchestration engine deals with modeling and executing processes, and provides a tool to design and implement business processes. BizTalk orchestration thus helps manage overall application business logic. Messaging and orchestration are used together; with messaging providing the receipt and care delivery system delivery capabilities that orchestration rely on. The diagram below shows the important components of BizTalk server: Figure 2: BizTalk Server Architecture. Other important BizTalk server components include: Business Rules Engine (BRE): The BRE allows one to create a set of business rules as policies and evaluate data based on these rules. With this, business rules are maintained outside of the russell biography business process, but can be invoked from within the process.
This makes the systems easier to configure and maintain. Business Activity Monitoring (BAM): The BAM component makes it possible for nursing care system, the extraction of relevant information from business processes as they are executing and hence to monitor the processes in real time. Business Activity Services (BAS): The BAS portal, along with some of the components in BizTalk, enables the management of interactions with trading partners. It also helps integrate an enterprise's business processes with those of the partners. Russell. BizTalk allows you to create 'send' and 'receive' port gateways through which external applications can exchange messages with BizTalk.
The ports can be configured to use a set of transport protocols and application adapters that are shipped with BizTalk Server. With these adapters, BizTalk can exchange messages over multiple channels such as files, MSMQ, HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), SOAP, IBM MQ, etc. Application adapters, which can directly interact with packaged applications like PeopleSoft, SAP, Oracle Apps, etc, are also available. Additionally, BizTalk can understand both positional/delimited and XML message formats. It has a mapping engine that can help transform messages from is the effect of parallelism in this excerpt? one format to willy russell biography another. Kings. The flow of a message through BizTalk is shown in the diagram below: Figure 3: Message flow in BizTalk Server. Since BizTalk has HTTP and SOAP Adapters, it can interact with web-based applications, especially web services.
The BizTalk Server interacts with services in the following two ways: BizTalk process orchestrations can be exposed as Web services. In such a case, external clients can invoke the orchestration by making SOAP/HTTP calls. Willy Biography. BizTalk can consume Web services by using the SOAP Adapter. What Effect Of Parallelism In This. More information on BizTalk Server 2006 is available at the following URLs: BizTalk Server 2006 Home. The WCF Service Used as Reference. Willy Russell Biography. This article uses the following WCF service to explain BizTalk-WCF integration options: In the above service, a Product ID is the input parameter expected by the GetStockInfo() method. The logic will query the Are Single Parent Families Dysfunctional? Essay Product Table to retrieve current stock details for the Product ID. Russell. The return value is an integer indicating the current stock available.
Both BizTalk Server and WCF are technologies that provide significant value by themselves. However, a combination of the two provides the broadest possible spectrum of connected system scenarios – both brokered and un-brokered – using open standard protocols. BizTalk provides business process orchestration, message transformation and business activity monitoring through designers and visual tools. WCF provides a unified framework for fear of flies, building secure, reliable and transacted web services. The following sections will describe options for integrating BizTalk with WCF services. Willy Russell. Consuming a WCF Services from BizTalk: Use the WCF Adapter. Currently in CTP, it will be released with BizTalk 2006 R2. WCF service exposed over is the in this basicHttpBinding and consumed from orchestration. WCF service exposed on willy, wsHttpBinding endpoint. BizTalk communicates with the service using a WSE Adapter in a secure and reliable mode.
WCF Service endpoint on msmqIntegrationBinding. BizTalk consumes the chinese dragon kings service using an MSMQ Adapter. BizTalk consumes service using a wrapper around the WCF proxy and invokes through BizTalk orchestration. This mechanism is used when a transport adapter corresponding to a particular type of WCF binding in willy BizTalk, e.g. netTCPBinding , is not available in BizTalk. Exposing BizTalk orchestration as a WCF service having a basicHttpBinding binding. The following table shows the options for communication between BizTalk Server and iliad achilles a WCF service for various system-provided WCF bindings. These options are mapped to the features of each binding and indicate whether they are retained or are no longer available on selecting a given option. Use the following table to select the option that satisfies all features required in your scenario: Options for Communication. Correlation and Duplex Channel. Orchestration using Send shapes bound to endpoint on HTTP Adapter. Wrap WCF Proxy as a .NET assembly.
Orchestration using Send Shapes bound to endpoint on russell, WSE Adapter. Chinese Dragon Kings. Wrap WCF Proxy as a .NET assembly. Orchestration using Send shapes bound to endpoint on WSE Adapter. Wrap WCF proxy as a .NET assembly. Wrap service in willy russell a .NET proxy assembly. Wrap Service in a .NET proxy assembly. As MSMQ endpoint. Requires additional transformation.
Wrap service in a .NET proxy assembly. As MSMQ endpoint. Requires additional transformation. Wrap service in a .NET proxy assembly. Wrap service in a .NET proxy assembly. Table 1: Options for iliad achilles, BizTalk – WCF integration.
The following business case sample may help you understand the working of BizTalk and WCF: A user receives an invoice from willy russell a file receive location using the File Adapter. BizTalk forwards this invoice to the WCF service to enquire about the stock availability based on the Prod ID mentioned in the invoice. WCF returns the stock status to BizTalk and writes to dragon kings an output file location using the File Adapter. Accessing WCF Services from russell biography BizTalk Server. WCF Service with BasicHttpBinding binding, consumed from BizTalk. In this technique, the SOAP adapter is fear of flies used to facilitate the communication. BizTalk consumes the WCF service by russell, making a web reference to the WCF service exposed over basicHttpBinding . The basicProfileBinding conforms to what in this WS-I Basic Profile 1.0 standards. The SOAP Send Adapter can be used to interface with such an biography, endpoint. In order to consume a service that uses BasicHttpBinding : Add a web reference to the WSDL at endpoint address. Parent. This creates the necessary web port and the multipart messages that need to be exchanged between BizTalk and russell biography WCF. Transform source messages to request schema messages.
Such messages can be sent from orchestrations. The following is the detailed sequence of steps to be followed for consuming a WCF service exposed over the BasicHttpBinding : Create a new web site using the WCF service template as shown below: Figure 4: Creating a new WCF Service project. An important snippet of the web.config file for basicHttpBinding is as follows: It defines the service contract of the WCF service and the binding information for basicHttpBinding . Refer to tainos people the MSDN site for more information on basicHttpBinding . Figure 5: Adding a web reference to the WCF service. The web port type and multipart messages are automatically created after addition of the web reference as seen in willy russell the orchestration view. Logical ports can now be added to nursing delivery system the orchestration design surface. The WCF service can be invoked from the orchestration by passing the request message type to the port and subsequently receiving the response. Note: The steps remain the same when consuming the WCF service from BizTalk Server 2004 or BizTalk Server 2006.
WCF Service Exposed on WsHttpBinding Endpoint. WCF services exposed using a wsHttpBinding are secure, reliable and interoperable. Willy Russell. These services implement WS-Reliable messaging for tainos people, reliability and willy russell biography WS-Security for message-level security. A WSE-enabled adapter is iliad achilles required to willy biography call services exposed using wsHttpBinding . Microsoft has released a BTS04-compatible WSE 2.0 Adapter which can be used for tainos people, communication. However, currently, there is no BTS06-compatible adapter for willy russell, WSE 3.0 available from fear of flies Microsoft.
One can either write a custom adapter or use a third-party adapter like the one provided by TwoConnect. The WSE 2.0 Adapter, available for willy, BTS04, can be used for interfacing. The supported standards are WS-Security (user / password token, Kerberos and X509) and WS-Reliability. More details are available on the MSDN web site. The WSE 2.0 adapter can be downloaded from here and fear of flies the SP1 is available here.
A detailed walk through on using the WSE 2.0 adapter is available in this TechNet article. Willy Biography. TwoConnect has published a WSE 3.0 Adapter to interface with WCF services exposed using wsHttpBinding endpoint. You can find more details on fear of flies, the adapter at http://adapterworx.com/cs/products/wse3.0.aspx. For connecting to WCF using the WSE 3.0 Adapter from TwoConnect, follow the steps given below: Create and publish a WCF service according to the steps listed in the basicHttpBinding section.
An important snippet from the web.config file is as follows: Figure 6: Referencing WSDL URL information in willy russell the Schema Generation Wizard. Figure 7: Specifying the web methods in the Schema Generation Wizard. WCF Service Endpoint on MsmqIntegrationBinding. MSMQ bindings cover asynchronous message-based, inter-process communications using the MSMQ infrastructure. MSMQ provides the infrastructure to send messages across machines in a secure and reliable environment and in nursing care a transactional scope. This messaging pattern helps build scalable applications as the number of blocked and russell wait threads is minimal. The sample described in care this section, works as follows: BizTalk receives an invoice. It submits the message using an MSMQ Adapter to the private MSMQ queue present on a remote system where the WCF service is hosted.
The WCF service picks up the willy russell message from the MSMQ queue, finds out the stock status, updates the message, and posts it back to the same queue. BizTalk picks up the message from the queue and Parent Families Dysfunctional? posts it to a send location using the File Adapter. The WCF service is hosted inside a console application. Define the willy russell biography service contract as shown below: Note the use of the dragon kings ServiceKnownType attribute. This helps expose .NET Types to the service so that they can be serialized and de-serialized when required. InvoiceType is a class with fields having one-to-one mapping. The source schema elements are present in the BizTalk message. Also note that since the willy biography message is passed to the WCF service over MSMQ, the parameter type of SubmitInvoice OperationContract will be of type MsmqMessage. This class is marked with the tainos people Serializable attribute so that the objects of this type can be serialized and russell de-serialized when required. Biztalk has send and receive ports that send and receive a message from fear of flies MSMQ using the MSMQ Adapter.
The port binding is willy russell set to tainos people the specify later option. After deployment, set the properties of the send and receive ports for MSMQ bindings from the BizTalk Explorer as follows: Figure 8: Configuring the willy biography MSMQ Send Adapter. The above figure shows the property window for the send port using MSMQ Adapter. Note that we have specified the name of the destination queue and set the transactional property of the queue to true . Figure 9: Configuring the MSMQ Receive Adapter.
The above figure shows the Are Single Parent property window for the receive port using the MSMQ Adapter. The queue name has been specified and the transactional property is set to true . Willy. In case of nursing system, BizTalk Server 2004, the MSMQ Adapter needs to be downloaded. The adapter can be downloaded from willy here. The steps specified above can be used when working with BizTalk 2004 and to interact with a WCF service using MSMQ. WCF Service Endpoint on NetTCPBinding. NetTCPBinding uses the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) channel to interact with the client and service. There is no BizTalk adapter for care, TCP, hence the only option available while using the netTCP-bound endpoint is to willy employ the proxy pattern discussed below. NetTCPBinding supports a duplex channel of communication – the Are Single Parent Dysfunctional? Essay service calls on the client interface to return the response without the client needing to listen explicitly.
In order to execute a sequence of process steps as a transaction, the expression shapes should be in atomic transaction scope. Any exceptions occurring on the service call would show up as scope exception, which will also abort the ambient transaction. NetTCPBinding supports transport-level and message-level security as defined by the binding configuration. NetTCPBinding can work in willy biography scenarios where both client and service are on .NET. The working of is the effect in this excerpt?, this sample for willy russell biography, consuming WCF service exposed over a NetTCPBinding is effect of parallelism in this excerpt? as follows: Define and russell biography implement the service contract as shown earlier. Create a console application to host the WCF service. Iliad Achilles. Generate a proxy class using svcutil.exe against the service contract defined earlier by running the svcutil.exe tool as shown below. The assumption here is that the service is exposed at willy russell, the URL http://localhost:8000/Service.svc. Fear Of Flies. The URL should be replaced with the actual address of the willy biography service. svcutil.exe *.wsdl *.xsd.
A proxy class and configuration file will generated. Note: We have tested the sample in this article using BizTalk 2006, not BizTalk 2004. While the steps for tainos people, both are the same, working with WCF on a BizTalk Server 2004 machine will require installation of the .NET framework 3.0. Willy Russell Biography. This is what effect because a reference has to willy russell biography be added to a project that contains code generated using WCF. Note: We are hosting the service at port number 8000 and exposing the service endpoint at port 9000.
Note: In the following code snippet, we are specifying the iliad achilles transport-level security and the credential type: The app.config is as follows: In this approach explained above, we have a reference to the WCF proxy inside BizTalk. We are invoking the WCF-exposed service using the Expression shape. Russell. The recommended approach is to send the message from BizTalk in plain XML format to a .NET wrapper class. Parent Dysfunctional?. This class will create a .NET object from within its implementation and then call the biography WCF proxy. The transformations will be done in BizTalk but the deserialization will be handled in the .NET assembly. Message translation is best handled in BizTalk via the mapper and what is the effect the rich set of functoids. Hence, we recommend translating messages required by the WCF service within BizTalk using the Mapper. However, the WCF service may expect and return a .NET Type and russell biography not an XML.
In such a case, converting the XML message is best done in the .NET assembly, helped by the rich serialization and deserialization support available in the .NET Framework. The following table summarizes the same: Recommended (use BizTalk Mapper) Not recommended. Is an fear of flies, implementation overhead. Exposing BizTalk Orchestrations as WCF Services. The following sample describes how a BizTalk orchestration can be exposed as a WCF service. The steps are: Convert the orchestration to a web service using the orchestration Web Services Publishing Wizard. Modify the web service to a WCF service by manually editing the code contents of the web services as described in the 'Configuration' section below.
Create a BizTalk project containing the orchestration which is to be first exposed as a ASMX web service. Russell Biography. The orchestration process is as shown below and chinese dragon the actual code is present in the attached sample code: Figure 10: BizTalk Orchestration to be exposed as WCF service. Note that the orchestration has a public request response port through which it will interact with the web service. Figure 11: BizTalk Web Services Publishing Wizard. Figure 12: Selecting the BizTalk assembly to be exposed as service. Figure 13: Selecting Orchestration Port that is to be exported.
Figure 14: Specifying properties for ASP.NET web service project. Note that the service name inside the services tag should be the fully qualified name, i.e. with namespace, and should match the service in the WCF service (.svc) file. http://localhost/Invoice_Proxy/Invoice_InventoryProcessWS_Port_2.asmx BTS as WCF service. These services can now be consumed from a client. The sample code has been tested with the WCF binding set as basicHttpBinding. To add a web reference to willy biography a WCF service in a BizTalk project, we need to create the tainos people service using the File New Web Site option and select the WCF service template. WCF service cannot be created using New Project option.
If Visual Studio is unable to create code files when adding web reference to the WCF service created, it could be a proxy authentication issue. Russell. Check the proxy settings for the browser under Tools Internet options Connections LAN Settings. To view the application errors and to fully trust the target assembly, add the following sections under the web.config file for all scenarios: When sending messages from BizTalk to MSMQ we need to set the target namespace property of the schema to blank . If an instance of the schema is generated with the target namespace property specified, the care delivery WCF service is willy russell unable to process the message it picks up from MSMQ. For e.g., we can have a schema as follows: And not as follows: Refer to this blog entry for more details. When consuming a WCF service with wsHttpBinding from BizTalk 2004, the WSE 2.0 Adapter is unable to understand the WSDL generated by the WCF service. Iliad Achilles. The WSE 3.0 Adapter depends on biography, .NET Framework 3.0 which has to be installed on the BizTalk 2004 system. It should solve the chinese dragon kings issue of consuming a WCF service with wsHttpBinding from a BizTalk 2004 application.
Creating services using Service-Oriented principles is key in many software projects and WCF is willy russell biography a very good framework for such a task. It enables developers to write the service logic once and expose the service over various endpoints which can use different bindings like web services, MSMQ, TCP, etc. Microsoft BizTalk Server can then be used to orchestrate the services and implement business processes. What Of Parallelism. This article presented options for enterprises that use BizTalk Server 2004 or BizTalk Server 2006 and wish to expose or consume WCF services from BizTalk. Willy Russell. However, enterprises should look to upgrading to BizTalk Server 2006 R2 that will have native support and fear of flies out-of-the-box adapters for communicating with WCF services. The options given in this paper are meant for russell, scenarios where an upgrade to BizTalk Server 2006 R2 is not possible. Atul Gupta is what is the in this excerpt? Principal Architect with Microsoft Technology Center, Infosys. He works on BizTalk Server 2006, BizTalk Server 2006 R2 and Windows Presentation Foundation from .NET Framework 3.0 stack.
Amit Shah is an Architect with Microsoft Technology Center (Infosys Technologies Ltd). He is currently working on the creation of integration solutions on the Microsoft platform using technologies like BizTalk Server, .NET Framework 3.0, Office SharePoint Server 2007 and SQL Server 2005. Jitendra Pal Thethi is Principal Architect with Microsoft Technology Center, Infosys. He is based out of Redmond and part of the Catalytic IT Solution Sales team and also the biography Infosys-MS Alliance team. Sarathy Sakshi is a test lead in the Connected System Division of Microsoft and is based in Redmond, WA.
He has worked in what effect various areas of BizTalk server and has most recently been working on the WCF Adapter. Yumay Chang is a Technology Development Manager in the Enterprise Partner Group at Microsoft. She leads the partner strategy on SOA and Business Process Management and supports partner in their adoption of Microsoft technologies.
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Without love, humans become isolated and unsatisfied. Therefore, by coming together. Clint Eastwood , Dysfunctional family , Family 958 Words | 3 Pages. What would you do if, for willy russell, example, you won a million dollars in the lottery? Never mind your chances of winning are . just slightly better than the chances of being abducted by aliens. Even so, winning the effect of parallelism excerpt? lottery is russell, a favorite daydream for a lot of us. Fear Of Flies! If I had a million dollars , I'm guessing I would definitely crave for more. Perhaps I would try to discover a way to biography, double the million , preferably not using anything against the law. It seems that no matter how much money you have, it's.
Lottery , Money 538 Words | 2 Pages. Million Dollar Baby Film Overview. Film Overview Paper: Million Dollar Baby At the time Million Dollar Baby was released, it was very . moderately hyped and iliad achilles, wasn’t advertised necessarily as a blockbuster must-see. But those who did go see it spread the willy russell biography word of its excellence quickly, as within a couple months the movie had grossed over chinese dragon kings, $100 million (IMBd) and had captured the hearts of russell biography, not only the millions who flocked to see it but of even the harshest of critics, including Kirk Honeycutt of The Hollywood Reporter, dubbing Clint Eastwood’s. Academy Award for fear of flies, Best Actor , Academy Award for Best Director , Academy Award for russell, Best Picture 1071 Words | 3 Pages. What to Do with One Million Dollars- Charity. Final- What I Would Do With a Million Dollars One million dollars has a lot of . potential and would change one person's or multiple peoples' lives in a diverse amount of ways. Many people that do have that much money abuse it.
I believe they spend their millions in tainos people wrong and irresponsible ways; many celebrities spend their riches on material items for russell, themselves to chinese dragon, make their own public image as a wealthy person by buying houses, cars, and designer items that the normal working class citizen could. Epistle of Jude , Future , Government 1004 Words | 3 Pages. New Million Dollar Homepage Story. New Million Dollar Homepage Story Back in 2005, a student in willy russell biography England named Alex Tew launched The Million . Dollar Homepage, the Parent Families Essay home page consists of a million pixels arranged in a 1000?1000 pixel grid, through which he sold the pixels for $1 each. Willy Biography! Although it was an extremely simple idea, the unique project attracted enormous amounts of press coverage, and eventually earned $1,037,100. It also spawned countless copycat websites, but as the old saying goes, lightning never strikes twice, the idea. Advertising , Concept , Idea 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Million Dollar Baby: Visual Language Analysis.
When I turn on the television to watch a movie, I notice that I have a tendency to iliad achilles, focus on the words of the . characters, sometimes on the music in the background and how it relates to the overall scene, but as I watch what is in front of me I rarely tend to focus my attention to the colors, lines, textures or balance of the surroundings. Willy! Everything seems to be part of the big picture of the scene rather than visuals that stand out. Delivery! Every day we are surrounded by biography, visual elements, which are just as. Actor , Boxing , Color 1168 Words | 3 Pages. What Would I Do about My Education if I were to Receive 100 Million Dollars. ? To answer the question of what I would do about my education if I were to receive 100 million . dollars is fairly easy to answer, in theory. Care! I would still pursue my education. Russell! One change for me would be the fear of flies chance to willy biography, attend whatever college I wanted to. For me my education is dragon, not solely for the purpose of getting a “better job” it is in fact to better myself. Willy! I want to gain knowledge for the sake of Parent, knowledge.
I do not want to willy biography, gain knowledge for tainos people, just one objective, like a better job. Life , So Many Things , Want 1346 Words | 3 Pages. If College Sports is a Million Dollars Market, Why Are College Athletes Not Paid. College Sports is willy biography, a Million Dollars Market, Why Are College Athletes Not Paid? Post University If . College Sports is a Million Dollars Market, Why Are College Athletes Not Paid? College football and basketball athletics at most NCAA division one schools are big business industry. In most division one school, college Football revenues can gross up to 90 million dollars in revenue, and college basketball revenues can be as high as 48.8 million dollars . For last year’s Bowl. Basketball , Big East Conference , Big Ten Conference 1380 Words | 4 Pages.
What I Would Do with a Million Dollars? WHAT I WOULD DO WITH A MILLION DOLLARS January 16,2003 # 41 I There are many things that . I would do if I had a million dollars . The first and Parent Families Dysfunctional?, most important thing that I would do if I had a million dollars would be to willy russell biography, put enough money in the bank for my children’s education. I will make sure that my children will graduate from college debt free, just as my parents have done for me. Education is the best gift of all, and I , as a parent, am honored to help give that to my child. . English-language films , Parent 453 Words | 2 Pages. Johnny Cupcakes, a Multi-Million Dollar Clothing Brand. Chelsea LaRese Johnny Cupcakes is a multi- million dollar clothing brand.
The brand was founded in 2001 by Johnny Earle. Tainos People! . One of Johnny's acquired nicknames was Johnny cupcakes. He thought it would be funny to make a couple random shirts that said 'Johnny Cupcakes' on them for the fun of it (Earle, 2012). After massive interest in these shirts, he decided to continue to make more and biography, change up the designs. In 2001, Johnny stated, the band I was in, On Broken Wings, finally got signed to. Consultative selling , Retailing , Shirt 1903 Words | 5 Pages. Million Dollar Baby and nursing care delivery, Cinderella Man Comparative Essay. English Communications ? Comparative Assignment Million Dollar baby and Cinderella Man Cinderella Man directed by Ron . Willy Russell Biography! Howard and Million Dollar Baby directed by Clint Eastwood are two films about two individuals viewed as underdogs by society and care system, the world of willy russell, boxing who overcome the tainos people odds and achieve personal goals. In these two heroic tales we follow the lives of two passionate and determined fighters. Like all heroic tales we encounter a hero, a villain and a final showdown portrayed as a. Academy Award for Best Director , American film actors , American television actors 1252 Words | 3 Pages. Double Entry Journal Million Dollar Thr.
?Derek Tang Mrs.OW Emglish 1A, Period 3 9/15/14 Double Entry Journal Million Dollar Throw by Mike Lupica Chapter One . Willy Biography! Football was like this for Nate Brodie. As he scanned the iliad achilles field now, he recognized one of those answers he instinctively knew. Russell! Pete Mullaney, his favorite receiver was about to break into the clear. Once he did that, Nate knew Pete was going to run all day (Lupica 2). Football came naturally to Nate.
Nate was special, like no other quarterback in the league. What Effect In This Excerpt?! When Nate was. Mike Lupica , Retinitis pigmentosa 1567 Words | 3 Pages. Where Will I Put My Million Dollars. ?Where Will I Put My Million Dollars ? In America we are faced with many problems. As citizens we can find a way to . help. If you had a millon dollars would you use it to help America become a better nation? If I had a million dollars , I would spend it on food safety, child labor, and Deforestation. Food safety is definitely a huge issue. I would donate 600,000 dollars on helping food safety because it’s important that what we eat is healthy and safe for us to consume.
The conditions we have right. Agriculture , Coal , Food 415 Words | 2 Pages. Amberly Ebelsheiser Prof. Russell Biography! Owens Theater 116 January 22, 2011 Million Dollar Baby The film, Million . Tainos People! Dollar Baby, is a very powerful story of willy biography, a young woman by the name of Maggie. While she experienced a very difficult upbringing, Maggie had never lost sight of her goals, and is living proof that anyone can overcome any obstacle that they may be faced with. Maggie’s dream was to be a professional fighter; it was a dream most girls do not share, but it was her passion. She began attending a gym. Woman 654 Words | 2 Pages. what would you do if you won 1 mln dollar.
?What would you do if you won 1 000 000 $ Why people want to be a rich man? What is does rich mean? In what do people see the richness? . (Where do people find richness?) And how can people become rich? Some people thinks and dragon kings, wants to be rich, because they love money, they want expencive (espensive, costly) possessions such as: things, cars, great homes and ect. Some ones want to be a rich, because they love contribute, to help someone, poors, olds, who has need. Some ones consider. KISS principle , Lebanon, Tennessee , Need 820 Words | 3 Pages. ? Nobody Won Abstract When the Arthur Andersen LLP/Enron . scandal surfaced in 2001, there was much confusion as to whom committed what crime and willy, how many employees were actually involved. Iliad Achilles! After the biography facts and criminal charges were final, the sequence of events makes sense; the union of two companies, the rise of the participating executives, and finally the end of the money ride. The leaders of of parallelism in this excerpt?, both companies used dishonesty.
Accounting scandals , Arthur Andersen , Conspiracy of Fools 2569 Words | 7 Pages. What I heredate I will redeem At first it seems to be just a short story about an Indian guy who is currently living in the . streets, but when you see thru the lines you realize there is more to know about the symbolism behind the journey of russell, Jackson Jackson and his grandmother’s regalia. The author seems pretty close to Native American history, because he’s one Spokane Indian, like Jackson in the story. Iliad Achilles! What this means is willy, that the inside of the is the effect story is right beneath Alexie personal life. None.
Native Americans in the United States , Pawnbroker , Regalia 846 Words | 2 Pages. Invest Write: How to Spend 1 Million Dollars Wisely. Invest Write By Drew Adams I am a 13 year old boy living in the modern world. Willy Biography! This world is filled with failing economies, and bailout . plans. Kings! Lucky for russell biography, me I entered a contest and won 1 million dollars . How would I invest in Dysfunctional? it? I would first set up a plan on what I am going to willy russell biography, do with the money. The plan would be to split up the money.
Some would be for Parent Essay, college. There would be an account for spending money, one for willy russell biography, emergency money, and fear of flies, one for willy biography, necessities. Fear Of Flies! This would be my plan for investing. Economy , Integers , Investment 337 Words | 2 Pages. One Million Dollars If I won one million dollars , I would . buy a mansion with lots of rooms, and fun things like a pool table and a big room with of games and fun activities.
I would also have a gym so that I can exercise and have a healthy life. One thing I would do is willy biography, give food and clothes for the homeless so they will have something to eat and have clothes to wear to what effect of parallelism, keep warm and keep cool in the summer. I would give some of the money to charity so that they can help people that need money to. DirecTV , English-language films , Investment 570 Words | 2 Pages. Fraud Examination Unit 9 6/2/12 How to steal a million dollars Mr. Seneca Stunton was an accountant clerk for a company . called Carlton Chemical.
Seneca had no formal education for accounting. Willy Russell! His experience was for a smaller company which he exceled at Are Single Families Essay book keeping. He accepted the willy russell job with Carlton Chemical and he was on the track to excel and have a great career. His supervisor was just in Seneca’s position, so Seneca was pretty happy to see that there were advancement opportunities within the. Accounts receivable , Customer , Customer service 623 Words | 2 Pages. world.
I would feel the same way just like everybody else. Iliad Achilles! On the other hand, if the lottery amount is in range which can fulfill any wish one . Biography! can have, it will make the life most amazing beautiful heaven. Are Single Parent Families Dysfunctional? Essay! If I win a $50 million dollar in russell biography the New Jersey lottery my life will be a miracle. Families Dysfunctional? Essay! It will first give me opportunities to achieve not only my wishes but those wishes which I can only dream and it take a long way to reach them. For instance, I will take care of my family, with myself and russell biography, I would. English-language films , Family , Father 848 Words | 2 Pages. What You Would Do to Help with 10 Million Dollars. xxx 10 Million Dollar Essay When we think of tainos people, giving to willy russell biography, charities today, we’re not sure what to think. Chinese Dragon Kings! One might imagine going . to a building where we can donate money in, or visiting a website where you enter an amount of money and your credit card number. Charities haven’t made themselves highly accessible yet.
My charity aims to fix that. With nothing but the clothes on my back and russell biography, 10 million dollars , I will start the non-profit Charity organization called Charity-ception. Charity-ception is. 21st century , Charitable organization , Charitable trust 820 Words | 3 Pages. Dollar General Case Study [Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and fear of flies, Degrees] [Institutional Affiliation(s)] Dollar . Biography! General Case Study 1. Explain why the old, nonintegrated functional system created problems for the company. Be specific. The rapid growth of the tainos people Dollar General places strain on willy, its existing IT systems. Because the old non-integrated functional system was not scalable, there was a negative impact on Parent Families, meeting the working demand. There were two major problems created. The.
Comparison of accounting software , Dollar , General officer 1084 Words | 3 Pages. Million Dollar Baby Throughout this course we have discussed about making good and bad decisions in biography life. Iliad Achilles! In grade 12 . curriculum we have watched a movie called A Million Dollar baby cast by Clint Eastwood as an willy russell Frankie Dunn (coach), Hilary Swank as an Maggie Fitzgerald (female boxer) and chinese kings, Morgan Freeman Eddie Scrap Iron(gym keeper). In this movie Eastwood has shown in his movie a story about a struggling life of willy russell biography, boxers and coach. In this movie an nursing care delivery actor and director is playing a role. Academy Award for Best Picture , Boxing , Clint Eastwood 783 Words | 2 Pages.
Global Trade and the Impact of the American Dollar. Global Trade and the Impact of the American Dollar Globalization and global trade have become the willy biography norm of American society and fear of flies, many other . Russell! countries around the word. They both stimulate the economy in a variety of ways. Effect Of Parallelism In This Excerpt?! They force economic growth to occur, create new jobs, cause prices on goods to fall, and overall they improve our standards of living. On the other hand globalization and global trade can hurt a nation economically, socially, and politically. After WWII, the growth of the economy. Balance of trade , Currency , Dollar 917 Words | 3 Pages. boxing is to inflict harm on another: you get points by delivering punishing blows, and you can win by russell, knocking the opponent senseless” (Dubois, 2009). This . shows that boxing is chinese dragon, a sport that contradicts the rules and biography, laws of violence.
The movie “ Million Dollar Baby” is a perfect example of violence and the ethical decisions that were made. Maggie was fighting hard and clean with the intent to nursing delivery, win the fight. Her opponent was fighting dirty all night causing her to keep her guard up. After the round was. Business ethics , Ethics , Fighting game 537 Words | 2 Pages. 10/11/2014 Abstract Dollar General Corporation is United States largest small-box discount retailer headquartered in . Goodlettsville, Tennessee .
Dollar General offers both name brand products and generic merchandise . Its competitors include Family Dollar , Dollar Tree which also operate in deep discount segment of US retailing. The following case study discusses about the various political, economic, social and technological forces that Dollar General have faced and their impact. Dollar General , Dollar Tree , Family Dollar 1212 Words | 7 Pages. World War I is no different in this sense. The Great War led to tremendous loss of life and property. Additionally, it prompted significant . technological advancement and alterations in warfare strategies. Finally, World War I changed the power structure of the biography world, paving the way for fear of flies, World War II. Willy Russell Biography! World War I was a very pivotal event in nursing system the Twentieth Century, laying the roots for willy, future conflicts such as World War II. Tainos People! The Great War caused immense loss of life and biography, destroyed millions of dollars. Adolf Hitler , Chemical warfare , League of Nations 827 Words | 3 Pages.
What if Germany won WWI? World War One, also widely known as the Great War lasted from nursing delivery 1914-1918. It was a major war centered in . Europe involving the World’s major powers that were separated into two alliances: the Allies, consisting of Britain, France, Russia and later the US and the Central Powers consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. It was European History’s worst war at russell the time. The Germans were defeated by exhaustion however, this could of iliad achilles, easily happened to the Allies. Adolf Hitler , League of Nations , Nazism 1346 Words | 4 Pages. Million Dollar Baby by Clint Eastwood: Follow Your Dreams. Follow Your Dreams In Clint Eastwood's film, Million Dollar Baby, there are many controversial aspects and lessons to be learned . within the willy russell biography story's themes.
Eastwood's film challenges conventions and breaks through the ideological. The main themes in the movie teach valuable life lessons through the fear of flies main character's willingness to willy, never give up on her dream. Also, the film goes against the layout of chinese, Propp's narrative functions and what might be the typical sequence of events in a movie. Conflict. Academy Award for Best Actor , Academy Award for willy russell, Best Director , Academy Award for Best Picture 1422 Words | 4 Pages.
economic owners of realty to effect of parallelism in this excerpt?, sell property and biography, lease it back, while transferring the tax deduction for depreciation to Are Single Families Essay, the title owner. As the owner and . Chairman of the Chicago Bulls since 1985, he has turned the franchise into a lucrative business that won six NBA Championships in the 1990s (1991-1993 and willy russell, 1996-1998). He is controversial for his involvement (along with Jerry Krause) in breaking up the championship team by not hiring back key personnel such as Phil Jackson and Michael Jordan. He hired Jordan. Chicago , Chicago Bulls , Chicago Cubs 3719 Words | 7 Pages. Weak Dollar vs. Strong Dollar With the economy constantly changing, we are starting to see drastic changes in our . dollar . A countries currency determines their strength in the market and their inflation rate. With a higher inflation rate, they are able to iliad achilles, buy more and willy biography, do more for a cheaper price. Nursing Care Delivery System! To help us better understand the difference between the weak dollar and the strong dollar , we will go in willy depth with both weak and strong dollars and tainos people, its advantages and disadvantages, the currency monitor. Bretton Woods system , Currency , Dollar 952 Words | 3 Pages. NCEA Level 2 Reading Response Million Dollar Baby is a film directed by biography, Clinton Eastwood.
Million . Dollar Baby is a film about fear of flies a middle aged woman, Maggie Fitzgerald who has a poor and loser-like family and decided she wanted to make a difference in her family, pursue her dream and biography, box. Her request was shunned by the one boxing coach; Frankie Dunn, she looked up to and asked to be trained by. Maggie stubbornly carried on tainos people, training in his gym, with no real coach, training till late at night. The. Academy Award for Best Actor , Academy Award for Best Director , Academy Award for Best Picture 642 Words | 2 Pages. Million dollar baby The theme of this story is willy, achieving the American Dream of riches and fame, it’s also about the need . for love and support. Are Single Parent Families Dysfunctional? Essay! Frankie is a brilliant but unsuccessful boxing trainer who train a lot of willy biography, excellent boxers but lack of iliad achilles, success. Maggie is a natural boxer who tirelessly trains each day in Frankie’s gym even though he has rejected her requests that he trains her.
She is at willy russell the age of 32 believes she has one last chance to nursing, make a life for herself in boxing. Willy Russell! They. Cutman , Failure , Family 666 Words | 2 Pages. and Dollar General From: Senior Advisor, Kenbex Consulting Date: November 9, 2010 Re: Does Dollar General have the right . strategy to maintain a competitive advantage in dragon their market? Executive Summary The primary aim of this Memorandum is to determine if Dollar General currently uses the right strategies to maintain and russell, sustain competitive advantage in chinese dragon kings this industry. In addition, Kenbex Consulting will be looking into willy russell biography, the issue of how smaller firms in the retail industry, such as Dollar General.
Discount store , Dollar General , Dollar Tree 2251 Words | 7 Pages. ? Intuitively one might assume that Dollar General, the well-known extreme-value retailer, has an established competitive advantage versus . other consumer goods retailers with respect to price. It would then follow that cost would be a defining characteristic of the company, and a cost analysis an appropriate analytical tool. However, the four distinct types of retailers within the dollar store retail segment (original dollar stores, close-out retailers, limited assortment grocers, and extreme-value. Convenience store , Dollar , Dollar General 1075 Words | 4 Pages. The Sand Dollar Splash!! Of course it’s me being picked up by every human and throwing me as far away out as possible. It gets me very angry . and annoyed because the humans don’t treat me with enough respect as some other organisms living here.
Humans don’t look at me as a living creature and I have the same systems and some of the iliad achilles same body parts as them but I’m just a lot smaller in size. Willy Russell Biography! They get angry at me for trying to get away using my spines to move along the sand. People who pick me. Blood , Circulatory System , Mussel 1716 Words | 4 Pages. How the value of dollar is vaporized Throughout the history of effect in this, currency, the true value of money has always been changing. Even today, the . value of russell biography, dollar is changing every day. Tainos People! It is hard to define the willy value of money, for economists, they may use gold/silver standard to value money; but in order to be closer to everyday life, I will use “milk” as a rule for measuring the purchasing power of money. Milk as an agricultural product, its production does not affect by the improvement of technology. Bretton Woods system , Currency , Gold 1077 Words | 3 Pages.
The Million Dollar Blank-Note (Mark Twain) Dear Son I know you are probably wondering what this letters concerning but I anted you to know how I came to be . the man you look upon Are Single as your father. You should know that in many cases money is brought upon a man through inheritance, luck, or hard work. In my case however money was brought onto me because of the russell hard-worker I once was. It was not to long ago that I was just an ordinary man living in tainos people San Francisco as a mining brokers clerk. In the eyes of others I was a respectable young man, clean-cut. Bank of England , Banknotes of the pound sterling , English-language films 533 Words | 2 Pages. ?A Cool Million is willy, a political novel, in tainos people the sense that it targets a political establishment which is corrupt and racist, bullying and . philistine, but its strangeness left the political movement largely nonplussed. It is a novel of the end of the American dream. It is Candide recast for willy biography, twentieth-century America, the destruction of an innocent by a system he simply cannot comprehend.
Lem Pitkin is a simple, if not simple-minded, boy who is torn apart – literally so, he is systematically divested. A Cool Million , American Dream , Fascism 1401 Words | 4 Pages. What Is the American Dollar Backed by? American dollar backed by? In the twentieth century the American dollar has gone through several phases. The first phase of . the American dollar is the creation of the Federal Reserve Bank. The next phase was the worldwide strengths that the Are Single Families dollar gained because of the accords reached at The Bretton Woods Conference of 1944. Biography! The closing of the gold window by President Richard M. Nixon in 1971 was another important phase of the chinese dragon U.S. Biography! dollar . Finally, enters the current state of the U.S. dollar , the. Central bank , Currency , Federal Reserve System 2008 Words | 6 Pages. Million Dollar Throw by Mike Lupica. Million dollar throw by mike lupica Have you ever wished you were a really good quarter back?
Did you ever dream of making . a million dollar throw? Well in this book, Million - Dollar Throw by Are Single, Mike Lupica, Nate “Brady” Brodie gets the willy russell chance to do just that. Tainos People! He gets his opportunity to win one million dollars during halftime of a New England Patriots contest Thanksgiving Night. Nate is thirteen and willy biography, plays football for fear of flies, the Valley Patriots. One day, after saving up money, he goes to a store called. American football , Blindness , Gillette Stadium 636 Words | 2 Pages.
Attention Step: How many people have heard of the argument that students should be paid for willy russell biography, playing sports in college? -So most people have. . I appreciate sports, I played soccer extremely competitively, before I got burnt out and quit, so I have a huge amount of respect for the people who are able to fear of flies, stick with it and continue playing through college. But I think that the whole argument about them being paid needs to willy biography, be looked at from a broader perspective. There are elements of iliad achilles, this argument. American football , College , College football 793 Words | 3 Pages. Critique of Paul Krugman’s Degrees and Dollar. “Degrees and willy, Dollar ” Student Shorter University Abstract Krugman’s essay shows strong writing skills and the author’s points are agreeable on . the whole. Tainos People! Technology has been an russell biography intimidation to the middle class working population. Krugman opens his article with a clear and direct approach. As with this critique, it begins with my summary of Krugman’s “Degrees and fear of flies, Dollars (2011) Next, is willy russell biography, a discussion of dragon, Kugmans’s writing and an evaluation on russell biography, how well his points were executed.
The points where I agree with. American middle class , Middle class , Social class 996 Words | 6 Pages. I was about 12 years old when I first read about Bill Gates . I was inspired by his biography of outstanding . achievements and have admired him since. He also inspires me because he is a very successful business man. Also, he is a great leader for his Microsoft Company, and he is very generous. Gates is not selfish he cares about nursing delivery other people who need his help.
Bill gates was born on biography, October 28, 1995. He was born into a family with a rich history of business, politics. Bill Gates , Computer , Lakeside School 763 Words | 3 Pages. assigned an chinese kings I -Search paper, I was to acquire a question that was appealing to me, and that I did. It all started . after mindless searches via the internet and some procrastination, to which I found myself to biography, be in front of the television. While I knew I should be looking for a suitable question, I still sat there watching on. Iliad Achilles! I happened to be flipping through the channels when a commercial for the Mythbusters brought about the question if one can raise a sunken vessel with ping-pong balls, to which I thought. Discovery Channel , Kari Byron , MythBusters 956 Words | 3 Pages. Should Our Tax Dollar Fund the willy Banning Museum? Should Our Tax Dollar Fund the Banning Museum?
The Banning House was built in Parent Dysfunctional? 1864 by Phinease Banning. The house orginially had 30 rooms and . later renovated to 23 rooms. The house is built with the willy example of domestic Greek Revival architecture and Victorian beauty. It housed 3 generation of the Banning family, and was acquired by chinese, the City of Los Angeles in 1927. The house represented Phinease Banning's believes in the future of his community. He was called th Father of the russell Port of los Angeles. California , Los Angeles , National Historic Landmark 1227 Words | 4 Pages.
Pawn-stars 01-14 “Herd that” a lady came in with a Manhattan Project Souvenir from 1945. The Manhattan Project was a top secret plan to develop the atomic . bomb. The project required 30,000 people to complete and cost two billion dollars , or about twenty-five billion dollars in today’s money. This project was so top secret the kings newly elected president, who was previously vice-president, didn’t even know about it. When people were hired to willy biography, construct a part of the bomb they had no idea what they were constructing. Integers , Nuclear weapon , Pipe organ 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Relativity for the Million For this project, I decided to read Relativity for the Million , a book by Martin . Gardner. Effect Of Parallelism In This Excerpt?! I have always been fascinated by the Theory of Relativity ever since you told me that time and distance is russell, relative. For whatever reason, I could not make sense of this. It just boggled my mind that something as “constant” as time could change. Some of my favorite days in iliad achilles physics class consisted of discussions of relativity.
It was always two steps forward and willy russell, one step back for. Classical mechanics , General relativity , Light 1220 Words | 3 Pages. Dollar General Case Study Analysis. Dollar General Case Study Analysis Background J.L. Turner and son Cal Turner founded Dollar General in 1939 as a wholesale dry . goods retailer. They quickly changed their business to retail and opened their first dollar store in chinese Kentucky, 1955. The company went public 14 years later and willy, eventually Cal took over as president in 1977 and of parallelism in this excerpt?, then became chairman in 1989. With the russell foundation of the company starting from a father and son, it is no wonder why Dollar General has a strong family culture.
Dollar General , Dollar Tree , Fred's 1689 Words | 5 Pages. ?Greavu 1 John Greavu WRIT 1301 Mr. Anderson 29 NOV 2011 Reading Response #6: Above The Dollar I believe that our society is . being misguided. Childhood dreams of becoming a fireman, police officer, astronaut, professional athlete, or even president are being replaced by doctors and tainos people, young aspiring businessmen and women. Willy! Now, those can be great professions, but I believe that the interest is care system, more in the high salary than anything. To me, my future isn’t completely set on money or even working, but. Basketball 959 Words | 4 Pages. notion of “Looking Glass Self” account for non-conformists, revolutionaries, activists, and charismatic leaders who are willing to risk their life for a . vision/cause/mission/belief? GEORGE HERBERT MEAD • Two components of self | I |ME | | | | | . Ageing , Aging , Erikson's stages of psychosocial development 928 Words | 10 Pages.
consumers, opposed to just low-income consumers. Willy! * Increase the public’s awareness of Dollar Trees products, inventory, and quality of . products. Have Dollar Tree become a part of kings, consumers recall. * Inform consumers of the extreme quality of Dollar Tree’s products, no products are expired or out to willy, date. We just get an what is the excerpt? extreme discount with loyal distributors. * Change customer’s attitudes towards Dollar Tree and discounts stores in general. Discount stores carry the same quality name brands. Discount store , Dollar General , Dollar Tree 1841 Words | 5 Pages.
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3 Important Rules for Writing Endings. Biography? Trying to start a short story or novel can be difficult, but providing a satisfying ending is of parallelism excerpt?, just as hard, if not harder. Willy Russell Biography? Recently, I submitted a flash fiction story hoping to get it published. Two days later, the editor replied telling me how much he liked how the story. Tainos People? Unfortunately, he said, the ending didn#8217;t provide enough answers. Biography? #8220;Make the end worthwhile#8221;, he said in his last sentence, #8220;and I#8217;ll publish it.#8221; How many of you struggled in iliad achilles, writing a satisfying end for your story? I know I did. After reading that email, I quickly edited my story. I revised and revised and willy, created different versions on how the story ended. Fear Of Flies? Eventually I came up with one that I found satisfying.
This time, the story got accepted! This experience taught me one thing: Writers have to finish strong. Russell? Your readers spend time and effort reading your words. The least you can do is respect them by providing an entertaining story—this means writing your best from beginning to end. In my flash fiction story, I got lazy. Dragon? I haphazardly ended the story just to end it.
Fortunately, for me I was given a second chance to russell, correct that mistake. Don#8217;t do the same. Whenever you#8217;re writing a novel, you want to make it as thrilling and as well-written as possible. You lay out the plots and subplots, and you provide readers with the dramatic questions that#8217;ll keep them hooked. But for each question you raise, you are tasked with the tainos people responsibility of providing an acceptable answer. No one wants to finish an Agatha Christie story without knowing who did it. Unless you#8217;re planning a sequel, don#8217;t leave any questions hanging . 3. Russell? The end must be in line with the story.
Deus Ex Machina, or an what of parallelism in this excerpt? ending that comes unexpectedly from russell out of nowhere, has to be the nursing care delivery most frustrating type ending I could think of. Willy? Avoid this like the plague. Your ending must be logical. For example, let#8217;s say you#8217;re writing a ghost story where the protagonist finally faces off with the evil, supernatural entities haunting his or her little house? Then, in tainos people, the middle of willy russell biography their fight scene, the Ghostbusters arrive. Doesn’t seem logical, does it? Suddenly providing a quick out will only drive readers away. One form of Deus Ex Machina I often see are dreams. You read the chinese story from beginning to end only to find out that everything was just a dream. You just wasted your readers’ time. There are moments when the dream approach works but unless handled the right way, it will only pull your story down.
Don#8217;t just throw in some random ending that will magically solve everything. Work. Don#8217;t shortchange them. Writing’s like baking a cake. A proper ending is waiting for russell, the right time to take the cake out iliad achilles of the oven.
If you become impatient and take it out too early and biography, it may get ruined. Fear Of Flies? It’s the night James finally faces off with the supernatural entities hunting his house. He’s prepared everything the carnie fortune teller had told him to prepare. How will you provide a satisfying end to James’ story? Write for fifteen minutes, and post them in the comments. thanks JB, it is in the tying of the knots the whole story holds together. Biography? Right Suzie. I believe it#8217;s not just to provide an ending for the sake of ending, it#8217;s to fully satisfy the readers. Parent Dysfunctional? Essay? It#8217;s also important not to drag the ending out too long.
I#8217;ve certainly read more than a few books where I#8217;ve just wanted the writer to end the darn thing so I could move on willy russell to my next book. True. Some writers tend to produce subplot after subplot that the nursing care delivery system story gets too long and willy russell, messy. He exhaled a cold, trembling breath. He focused his eyes on the flickering candles in front of him that he had strategically placed in kings, the attic earlier that day.
The attic felt much different when it was bathed in darkness; the night that James would finally be free of all that haunted him was finally here. The witch-like voice of the haggard fortune-teller echoed through his mind, #8220;Then, you wait.#8221; After hours of waiting faithfully by the lit candles, the furiously growing feelings of doubt and the numbness in his body from the cool draft inclined James to give up for the night. Willy Russell Biography? He reached for his lantern and rose to his feet. A sudden crash from the corner of the tainos people attic sent him in a frantic run towards the willy biography wall, he pressed his back against it,and held his lantern out in front of him. Fear Of Flies? Only being able to see a few feet in front of himself, he began to willy russell biography, take raspy, fearful breaths.
As he stood frozen to the wall, he thought to excerpt?, call out to whatever#8230;or whoever#8230;had made the willy russell noise but decided against the idea out of the fear that he may actually get a response. Dragon Kings? The creaking of footsteps began to russell, trace back and forth across the attic floor. Care? James#8217; heart beat so savagely that he silently prayed he#8217;d have a heart attack before whatever was in the attic got to him. A harsh whisper cut through the dark, musty room, #8220;You!#8221; The creaking footsteps sped up and ran to the side of the attic opposite of where James leaned. James waited for a long time but heard nothing. He slowly lifted his lantern up higher in front of him, the light creeped across the willy floor and up the wall opposite what in this from him revealing a face! James dropped the lantern and crashed down to the floor with it. The exposed flame hit the russell old, wooden floors and ignited immediately. Ignoring the iliad achilles small fire, he quickly crawled towards the ladder connecting to the lower level#8230;his only chance at escape. A small, freezing hand grabbed his ankle and forcefully pulled him to the center of the room where the fire was slowly growing. The shadowy figure turned towards him, revealing it#8217;s identity#8230;He stared into the grey face of a woman with knotted black hair.
Her pupils were not circled with colour, her cheeks had no hint of a healthy blush, and her lips were as grey as her pasty face. Her body was so skinny, every bone in her skeleton was revealed. Then he saw it. A u-shaped scar etched across her collarbone. His heart hammered against his ribcage. He knew this woman.
Not only did he know her#8230;he was the one who had killed her. #8212;Fifteen minutes is up and I gotta run! But there#8217;s the russell start of the twist ending #128578; Hurry back! I wanna see the rest of this. Oh wow. Haha.
I have to agree with Bronson#8217;s comment. Hurry up! This story is good. Nice Meghan. #128578; Jeepers Meghan, that was one terrifying read #128578; This was tough, especially not making a deus ex machina without having info earlier int he story. I once read a screenwriting book that said if you foreshadow something, the audience will believe it no matter how crazy it might seem.
Unfortunately, I didn#8217;t have that luxury, so I think I might have failed. Tainos People? Oh well! Practice is practice! James finished lighting candles and poured the salt around the russell chalk pentagram in his foyer. All he had to do was read the incantations Carny Kev had given him and the spirits invading his home couldn’t haunt him anymore. “S-s-spiritus, adep… adep…” It felt hotter than normal. Sweat rained onto the paper as he began to stutter. The stuttering made his heart pound and fear of flies, the beating intensified the stuttering.
He’d spent so much time with speech therapists. Why did it have to come back? The hardwood floors around him cracked and red light shone through. The entire house started tearing itself apart as he spoke. Willy Russell? Every room, wall, and corridor was shredding and falling apart. Every bit, except for the area inside the tainos people chalk circle. “Adepto nost-nost-nostrom, hic!” His diaphragm spasmed.
He had the hiccups, too! It was just like show and tell in the fourth grade. Just like when he’d brought his pet frog and grew nervous in russell, front of the class. It was why he’d moved after high school. The confident businessman he’d become was just an act. The past still haunted him.
As the house chiseled away, a single pillar of kings red rock stood before James. Everything else was fire and russell biography, the abyss. Chinese? From miles away, a demon flew in with flaming wings and four hoofed feet. Russell Biography? It perched itself on the pillar and started laughing at James. “Nolo hic! Te-te-te…” He could see those children in his mind’s eye. Iliad Achilles? Their laughter turned his stomach.
The demon’s laugh grew louder and stronger. Its power shook the platform James stood on. He could feel his balance shifting. “Te sunt mala daem—” He fell to the ground. The platform was slowly toppling sideways. The candles all flew below him into the fiery darkness. Did it matter anymore? Should he run away? Should he close his eyes and willy russell, surrender? He struggled with every bit of strength to keep his grip on the platform.
It was always easier to just let it go, put it in the back of his mind, and fall far away. The demon flew next to James, beating his wings as loud as the laughter. James closed his eyes. Tainos People? He remembered the willy teacher. Even the teacher laughed with the kids before quieting them down. The demon to dragon, his right was no match for willy biography, all those faces, human faces, taunting and punishing a little boy for fear of flies, being a little boy. No match at all. Then he opened his eyes and stared at willy biography, the demon. The hiccups were gone. So was his fear. “Daemones Vale!” The demon’s face twisted into fear of flies, a dark grimace and his fiery wings extinguished. It fell down into willy biography, the abyss screaming and chinese dragon, afraid of James.
Once the demon disappeared completely out of view, James felt a jerk that spun him around. Suddenly, he was back in the foyer, sprawled across his pentagram. No cracked wood, no hellfire. He lay on his back and stared at the ceiling. He wasn’t afraid anymore. You#8217;re right Bronson. It#8217;s hard to provide an ending wIthout fully knowing what happened earlier in the story but you did it.
I had fun reading your practice. Your ending provided me small glimpses of what the earlier parts of the story is willy, all about. Nice writing. #128578; I don#8217;t think you failed. I like this idea of a stutterer in a haunted house, and I really like the quick flashback. Care Delivery? Well done. Bronson, you are a writer! That was awesome! Jamie arranged the red candles in a line with the tallest one furthest west, in front of the picture window in the living room.
He had already finished the pound cake that contained three pieces of sea glass from the north end of the beach. He was consulting his list, when The gnarly, grisly, cursed haunting monster who had three fangs just under his warty upper lip, got ready to pay a visit to the third house on the odd number side of the street which should be also on the east side. He thought about that for a minute and stopped to consult his GPS, and Jamie finished consulting the list and looked at the new welcome mat that he’d placed out front. The carney had told him to get a mat that had the willy russell biography colors of the four winds on it. When pressed to recount once again the delivery colors of the winds, the willy russell carney, a an overworked and underpaid public servant had told Jamie “for the forth time Mr. Jamie the colors of the care delivery winds are west white, east rose, south azure, north gray (but black may be substituted if one cannot find gray).” Jamie looked again at the mat. He had not been able to find a welcome mat at Walmart with those exact colors, and since he was allowed to substitute black for willy russell biography, gray, he figured he could also substitute shell pink for rose.
He’d been in is the effect excerpt?, a hurry, and tired of the whole haunted, hexed sort of situation, and had therefore maybe taken a shortcut that he shouldn’t have. He stood at the door looking at the welcome mat with his chin in his hand and The cursed, grisly, monster came up behind him and ate him in one gulp. It then burped and russell, went inside and Are Single Parent Essay, ate the willy russell biography cake, blew out the candles and headed upstairs looking for some dental floss to get James pinky finger out from between two of his three crooked front teeth. As it mounted the stairs the monster considered just what a blessing those almost correct Walmart welcome mats were for cursed haunting monsters like himself. I like how there is what effect of parallelism, a change between what Jamie is thinking and russell biography, what the monster is thinking.
It provides a bit of humor in it too, especially the monster going up to get Jamie#8217;s little pinky out of the way. Ha ha, nice twisted ending Marianne! Thanks Yvette Carol. Reminds me of Christopher Moore#8217;s writing. Haha. Tainos People? I love it. Haha I love it! What a surprise ending where the good guy gets killed and willy, the bad ghost settles right into his house by eating the fear of flies cake, blowing out the candles, and then going upstairs and willy, flossing his three fang teeth. I laughed out loud when I read how the cursed grisly monster came up behind him (and I imagined the monster all casual about it) and tainos people, ate him in one gulp. Willy Russell Biography? James took a final look around his house, in and out.
He wanted to make sure that he#8217;ll see the ghost this time around. Fear Of Flies? Having the willy ghost go rampant around the house has made him extra groggy at Families Essay, work and caused him to have a shaky relationship with his girl. Willy Biography? #8220;I have to Are Single Dysfunctional? Essay, get rid of willy biography this one#8230;#8221; He trailed off as he saw the lights started to nursing care delivery system, flicker on and off. #8220;Show yourself!#8221; James demanded, but he was answered only by a creepy shrill giggle. The ghost was a lady, he#8217;d known that already. The fortune teller had said that this particular ghost won#8217;t leave until she#8217;s satisfied like most ghosts. The catch was he didn#8217;t know how to willy, help this ghost.
A cold wind blew from behind which made James jump and turn. The windows were closed. How could there be wind inside the house? Laughter filled the iliad achilles house. It was mocking him, he thought. A ghost mocking him. That made him angry and impulsive. #8220;I can really help you cross to the next world. Willy Biography? You see, the fortune teller told me that I should#8230;#8221; He stopped.
A figure materialized right in front of his face, a really beautiful one at tainos people, that. He was supposed to scream and be afraid but the face of the willy russell girl didn#8217;t look scary but also oddly familiar. He flustered and found the paper in his pocket. #8220;Uh#8230; The list says that I have to know who you are first before I can actually help you with whatever that#8217;s keeping you here.#8221; She laughed. #8220;You don#8217;t know who I am.#8221; She paused for a while, thinking of an fear of flies answer. #8220;I guess not.#8221; #8220;Yes, you don#8217;t. But someone before you knew who I was. He#8217;s not here.
I left for a couple of willy russell years and came back to of parallelism excerpt?, find out that he no longer lives here.#8221; #8220;Wait up. How long have you exactly been here?#8221; She laughed, and man was she pretty. Russell Biography? #8220;Five years.#8221; James cursed under his breath. He#8217;s been living in this house for seven years, since his grandfather died. This house was left to him as an inheritance. #8220;Who#8230; Who was the delivery man that you said knew you? What was his name?#8221; #8220;James Isaac Carter.#8221; He cursed again. #8220;When did you two meet?#8221; James let out a sigh. #8220;The man you#8217;re looking for is my grandfather. He#8217;s been dead for the past seven years. He#8217;s gone.#8221; #8220;I figured, after you said you didn#8217;t know who I was. But it just feels strange to see his face standing right in front of me and even stranger to believe that he#8217;s dead.#8221; She giggled. Willy Biography? #8220;Getting ghosts to say you#8217;re their love?#8221; #8220;Ah, that. Iliad Achilles? No.
Everyone tells me I look like my grandfather.#8221; #8220;Yes. You do look very similar.#8221; And then she smiled. Biography? My heart melted. My grandpa sure knows how to fear of flies, get a lady. #8220;So will you go and meet him? Uh#8230; In the next world or#8230; Life. Or whatever place it is russell, people go to when they die?#8221; #8220;I#8217;m not sure I can go see him there. Nursing System? He has a place with someone else. But I will leave, James. Don#8217;t worry. I#8217;ll leave you in willy, peace now that I know you#8217;re not him, even though you talk and look like him.#8221;
After that, she dematerialized. James never knew where she went but he knew she was no longer with him that night in his grandfather#8217;s house. That#8217;s funny but a little sad. Essay? I like how she#8217;s a good looking ghost. I wonder if she#8217;s related to James? I like how you start out willy russell biography with the ghost causing him concrete problems. Haha!
I was thinking more of not related. Because the grandfather had someone else already in heaven/afterlife with him. #128521; I enjoyed that Unisse! I like the dialogue between the ghost and James as well as James#8217; thoughts. It#8217;s funny how he was scared one minute then almost in love the next. Nice job. #128578; Great is the art of beginning, but greater is the art of ending. – Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Very, very true Yvette. Thanks for sharing this quote. #128578; I knew there was a reason I love Longfellow. Iliad Achilles? Great advice! The night was not unusual for late summer.
The sounds of crickets chirping in their melodious unison wafted up on the faint breeze heavy with humidity and the scent of the swamp out back behind James lonely old house. The swamp, thought James bitterly and russell, with a sudden surge of trepidation, that festering patch of wetland swarming with oh so much more than mosquitoes, bullfrogs and fat garden spiders flanking its parameter. In the looming silence that suddenly squelched the sounds of normalcy, James slowly reached forth one solid muscular arm. As he ran his fingers lightly over chinese the quartz crystal sitting nonchalantly on the table in willy russell, front of him, he remembered the gypsy’s dire words. Fear Of Flies? “You must wait,” she spoke with a low voice roughed up by cigarettes and years of inhaling smoldering incense, “wait for them to come. Then, when they are upon you, and not a moment sooner, you light the fire. Use the flint and torch I will give you, for it has been dipped in willy russell biography, dragon’s blood. ” Her massive loop earrings tinkled against the pearls dripping from her bronze neck as she lifted the iliad achilles box laden with the loot and willy russell, her black eyes peered up from under heavily painted lids. “You must do this precisely at the moment they advance upon you, lead them to the crystal with the allure of fire, too soon they will be frightened away, too late and kings, you will be lost, for they will take you into it and there you will be, trapped forever with those who so torment you…” James did not have to wait long before he was snapped out of his reverie.
It was upon him then, first a chilling dark shadow, then a screeching rush of teeth, and with trembling fingers, he struck the flint to russell, light the torch. When he touched the flame to what effect, the cluster of icy looking quartz crystals, it sent them ablaze with a glorious burst of unnaturally brilliant firelight. Thrown down to the floor in the tumultuous battle that resulted once the protesting ghost realized its fate, James panted with terror in the seconds of its violent capture. The fire was soon blown out and the room plunged into darkness, after which there was nothing but the faint glow within the crystal winking once, twice, before it finally winked out for good and the sounds of the summer night rushed in to fill the void as if nothing had ever been amiss. Willy? Great post JB! I#8217;m coming in on the homestretch of my novel and I want the ending to nursing system, justify the reading. These are some great tips and rules of thumb for me to willy, keep in mind. I think I#8217;ll pass on the exorcizing of an abode and skip straight to working on the ending of my novel! I#8217;m a bit behind, but I just found this site today.
I love it so far and want to contribute! For your diversion#8230; In the light of the quickly-dying sunset James picked up a piece of white chalk and traced an enormous circle on the wooden floor boards of his attic room. Next came a large albeit clumsy pentagram, and he placed his soft downy feather at fear of flies, the rightmost point. He did the same at the leftmost point with the enormous bear claw, wondering wryly if it would matter that it had come from the witchcraft store in willy russell biography, downtown. Nursing Care System? Solemnly, he lit five white lavender-scented candles and placed them at each point of the pentagram. The feather went at the top point just within his reach. Drawing a deep breath, he opened the bag of white sand took a handful, tracing the circle and repeating the mystic syllables the carnie fortune teller had given him. The air in the attic was very still, the silence oppressive. James felt a shudder run down his back and he knew the russell spirits were gathering. Parent Dysfunctional? Essay? The headache that had been with him since this whole mess began over russell biography a year ago was growing as they began to understand his motions and moved to put a stop to them. Now for the blue sand.
This he trickled over fear of flies the pentagram itself and around each of the biography candles, constantly in motion, still repeating the words. There was palpable tension in the air now. He shook his head to clear away the mental cobwebs. These spirits were going to care delivery, have to respect this ceremony, done as it was, in desperation. Willy Russell Biography? James had simply wanted a place to live and start a family.
He set his teeth together and Parent Families Essay, finished the russell biography blue sand. A feeling of dread washed over him, but he plucked up his courage and stepped into the center of the pentagram. He spoke, “Spirits, I have pleaded with you to leave me in dragon, peace, but it has come to this. I call upon willy russell the latent power of the earth, represented here in these objects, to fear of flies, aid me in cleansing this house!” An audible hum was growing in willy biography, James’ ears, and he reached for the sharp knife at his belt. “As I spill this blood, I charge you be gone for Are Single Families Dysfunctional? Essay, all time!” Relying on a sudden burst of biography energy and iliad achilles, moxie, he drew the sharp knife over his open palm and squeezed his fist so that the rush of crimson dripped down to the point of his hand and one…two…three drops spattered onto the floorboards. They dried instantly. Willy Biography? Almost immediately, he could see in front of him a dark shape that at first glance appeared human. As James peered at Are Single Parent, it, through the light of the candles he could make out a pair of glittering eyes. An evil hiss escaped the figure and James felt his heart stop. “We…do not take orders from mortals,” it rasped. “We…are Legion, we…are many.” Thanks Ash. So glad you found us #128578; This is intense! Great story #128578; Thank you for helping me. Great post.
I completely agree that using dreams as a deus ex machina has been played to death. Willy Russell Biography? Just wrote a piece about writing story endings myself. Is The In This Excerpt?? Thanks for this.
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Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Liberty Fund, Inc. MONEY is not, properly speaking, one of the subjects of commerce; but only the willy, instrument which men have agreed upon to facilitate the exchange of one commodity for another. It is tainos people none of the wheels of trade: It is the oil which renders the motion of the wheels more smooth and easy. If we consider any one kingdom by itself, it is evident, that the greater or less plenty of money is of no consequence; since the prices of commodities are always proportioned to the plenty of money, and a crown in HARRY VII.'s time served the same purpose as a pound does at willy russell biography, present. *22 It is only the kings, public which draws any advantage from the greater plenty of money; and willy biography, that only in its wars and negociations with foreign states.
And this is the dragon, reason, why all rich and trading countries from CARTHAGE to GREAT BRITAIN and HOLLAND, have employed mercenary troops, which they hired from their poorer neighbours. Willy Biography? Were they to make use of their native subjects, they would find less advantage from their superior riches, and from their great plenty of gold and silver; since the pay of all their servants must rise in proportion to the public opulence. Our small army of 20,000 men is maintained at care, as great expence as a FRENCH army a twice as numerous. Willy Russell Biography? The ENGLISH fleet, during the late war, *23 required as much money to support it as all the ROMAN legions, which kept the whole world in subjection, during the time of the emperors. *24. The greater number of people and iliad achilles, their greater industry are serviceable in willy russell all cases; at home and abroad, in is the effect of parallelism private, and in public. Willy Biography? But the greater plenty of money, is very limited in fear of flies its use, and biography, may even sometimes be a loss to effect a nation in its commerce with foreigners. There seems to be a happy concurrence of causes in human affairs, which checks the willy biography, growth of trade and fear of flies, riches, and willy biography, hinders them from iliad achilles, being confined entirely to one people; as might naturally at first be dreaded from the advantages of an established commerce.
Where one nation has gotten the start of willy another in excerpt? trade, it is very difficult for the latter to regain the ground it has lost; because of the superior industry and skill of the former, and willy, the greater stocks, of delivery system which its merchants are possessed, and which enable them to trade on so much smaller profits. But these advantages are compensated, in some measure, by the low price of labour in every nation which has not an willy extensive commerce, and does not much abound in gold and silver. Manufactures, therefore gradually shift their places, leaving those countries and provinces which they have already enriched, and flying to others, whither they are allured by the cheapness of provisions and labour; till they have enriched these also, and are again banished by the same causes. And, in general, we may observe, that the dearness#x00B0; of tainos people every thing, from plenty of money, is a disadvantage, which attends an established commerce, and sets bounds to it in every country, by enabling the poorer states to undersel the richer in all foreign markets. This has made me entertain a doubt concerning the benefit of banks and paper-credit, which are so generally esteemed advantageous to every nation.
That provisions and labour should become dear by the encrease of trade and money, is, in many respects, an inconvenience; but an inconvenience that is unavoidable, and the effect of that public wealth and prosperity which are the end of all our wishes. It is russell compensated by the advantages, which we reap from the possession of these precious metals, and the weight, which they give the nation in all foreign wars and negociations. But there appears no reason for encreasing that inconvenience by a counterfeit money, which foreigners will not accept of in any payment, and which any great disorder in the state will reduce to nothing. There are, it is true, many people in every rich state, who having large sums of money, would prefer paper with good security; as being of more easy transport and more safe custody. If the public provide not a bank, private bankers will take advantage of this circumstance; as the goldsmiths formerly did in LONDON, or as the bankers do at present in DUBLIN: And therefore it is better, it may be thought, that a public company should enjoy the benefit of that paper-credit, which always will have place in every opulent kingdom. But to endeavour artificially to encrease such a credit, can never be the interest of any trading nation; but must lay them under disadvantages, by encreasing money beyond its natural proportion to labour and commodities, and thereby heightening their price to the merchant and manufacturer. And in this view, it must be allowed, that no bank could be more advantageous, than such a one as locked up all the nursing care system, money it received, *25 and russell biography, never augmented the circulating coin, as is of parallelism in this usual, by returning part of its treasure into commerce. A public bank, by this expedient, might cut off much of the dealings of private bankers and willy, money-jobbers; and though the state bore the charge of salaries to the directors and nursing delivery system, tellers of this bank (for, according to russell biography the preceding supposition, it would have no profit from its dealings), the nursing, national advantage, resulting from the low price of labour and russell biography, the destruction of paper-credit, would be a sufficient compensation. Not to mention, that so large a sum, lying ready at command, would be a convenience in times of great public danger and distress; and what part of it was used might be replaced at leisure, when peace and tranquillity was restored to the nation. But of this subject of nursing delivery paper credit we shall treat more largely hereafter.
And I shall finish this essay on russell biography money, by proposing and explaining two observations, which may, perhaps, serve to employ the thoughts of our speculative politicians. c. It was a shrewd observation of ANACHARSIS *26 the SCYTHIAN, who had never seen money in his own country, that gold and silver seemed to him of no use to the GREEKS, but to assist them in numeration and arithmetic. It is indeed evident, that money is nothing but the representation of labour and fear of flies, commodities, and serves only as a method of rating or estimating them. Where coin is in greater plenty; as a greater quantity of it is required to represent the same quantity of goods; it can have no effect, either good or bad, taking a nation within itself; any more than it would make an willy russell biography alteration on a merchant's books, if, instead of the fear of flies, ARABIAN method of notation, which requires few characters, he should make use of the ROMAN, which requires a great many. Russell Biography? Nay, the greater quantity of chinese dragon kings money, like the ROMAN characters, is biography rather inconvenient, and requires greater trouble both to keep and transport it. But notwithstanding this conclusion, which must be allowed just, it is certain, that, since the discovery of the mines in AMERICA, industry has encreased in all the nations of EUROPE, except in the possessors of those mines; and this may justly be ascribed, amongst other reasons, to the encrease of gold and Are Single Families Dysfunctional? Essay, silver. Accordingly we find, that, in every kingdom, into which money begins to biography flow in greater abundance than formerly, every thing takes a new face: labour and industry gain life; the merchant becomes more enterprising, the manufacturer more diligent and skilful, and even the farmer follows his plough with greater alacrity and attention.
This is not easily to be accounted for, if we consider only the influence which a greater abundance of what coin has in russell biography the kingdom itself, by heightening the price of commodities, and obliging every one to pay a greater number of these little yellow or white pieces for every thing he purchases. Dragon Kings? And as to foreign trade, it appears, that great plenty of willy russell money is rather disadvantageous, by raising the nursing delivery, price of every kind of labour. To account, then, for this phenomenon, we must consider, that though the willy biography, high price of commodities be a necessary consequence of the encrease of gold and silver, yet it follows not immediately upon that encrease; but some time is chinese kings required before the money circulates through the willy russell, whole state, and makes its effect be felt on all ranks of what is the people. At first, no alteration is perceived; by willy, degrees the price rises, first of one commodity, then of another; till the whole at last reaches a just proportion with the new quantity of specie which is in the kingdom. In my opinion, it is only in this interval or intermediate situation, between the acquisition of money and iliad achilles, rise of prices, that the encreasing quantity of gold and silver is favourable to industry. When any quantity of money is imported into a nation, it is not at first dispersed into many hands; but is confined to the coffers of a few persons, who immediately seek to employ it to advantage. Willy? Here are a set of manufacturers or merchants, we shall suppose, who have received returns of what is the effect gold and silver for goods which they sent to CADIZ. *27 They are thereby enabled to employ more workmen than formerly, who never dream of demanding higher wages, but are glad of employment from willy russell biography, such good paymasters.
If workmen become scarce, the manufacturer gives higher wages, but at first requires an encrease of labour; and this is willingly submitted to by the artisan, who can now eat and drink better, to compensate his additional toil and fatigue. He carries his money to market, where he finds every thing at the same price as formerly, but returns with greater quantity and of better kinds, for the use of his family. The farmer and gardener, finding, that all their commodities are taken off, apply themselves with alacrity to the raising more; and at the same time can afford to take better and iliad achilles, more cloths from their tradesmen, whose price is the same as formerly, and their industry only whetted by so much new gain. It is easy to willy trace the money in its progress through the whole commonwealth; where we shall find, that it must first quicken the diligence of every individual, before it encrease the price of labour. And that the specie#x00B0; may encrease to chinese dragon kings a considerable pitch, before it have this latter effect, appears, amongst other instances, from the frequent operations of the FRENCH king on russell the money; where it was always found, that the augmenting of the numerary value did not produce a proportional rise of the prices, at least for some time. In the last year of LOUIS XIV. money was raised three-sevenths, but prices augmented only iliad achilles one. Corn in FRANCE is now sold at the same price, or for willy russell biography the same number of livres, it was in 1683; though silver was then at 30 livres the mark, and is now at iliad achilles, 50. *28 Not to mention the great addition of gold and silver, which may have come into that kingdom since the willy russell biography, former period.
From the whole of this reasoning we may conclude, that it is of no manner of consequence, with regard to the domestic happiness of a state, whether money be in a greater or less quantity. Is The Of Parallelism Excerpt?? The good policy of the magistrate consists only in keeping it, if possible, still encreasing; because, by that means, he keeps alive a spirit of industry in willy the nation, and encreases the stock of labour, in which consists all real power and riches. A nation, whose money decreases, is iliad achilles actually, at that time, weaker and more miserable than another nation, which possesses no more money, but is on the encreasing hand. This will be easily accounted for, if we consider, that the alterations in the quantity of money, either on one side or the other, are not immediately attended with proportionable alterations in the price of commodities. There is always an interval before matters be adjusted to their new situation; and this interval is as pernicious to industry, when gold and silver are diminishing, as it is advantageous when these metals are encreasing. The workman has not the same employment from the manufacturer and merchant; though he pays the russell, same price for every thing in the market. The farmer cannot dispose of Are Single Families Dysfunctional? Essay his corn and cattle; though he must pay the same rent to his landlord. The poverty, and beggary, and willy, sloth, which must ensue, are easily foreseen. II.
The second observation which I proposed to make with regard to money, may be explained after the following manner. There are some kingdoms, and many provinces in fear of flies EUROPE, (and all of willy them were once in what is the excerpt? the same condition) where money is so scarce, that the willy russell biography, landlord can get none at all from his tenants; but is obliged to take his rent in kind, and either to consume it himself, or transport it to tainos people places where he may find a market. In those countries, the prince can levy few or no taxes, but in the same manner: And as he will receive small benefit from impositions so paid, it is evident that such a kingdom has little force even at home; and cannot maintain fleets and armies to the same extent, as if every part of it abounded in gold and silver. There is surely a greater disproportion between the force of russell GERMANY, at present, and what it was three centuries ago, *29 than there is in its industry, people, and manufactures. The AUSTRIAN dominions in the empire are in general well peopled and well cultivated, and are of great extent; but have not a proportionable weight in fear of flies the balance of EUROPE; proceeding, as is commonly supposed, from the scarcity of money.
How do all these facts agree with that principle of russell biography reason, that the quantity of gold and silver is in itself altogether indifferent? According to dragon that principle wherever a sovereign has numbers of subjects, and these have plenty of commodities, he should of course be great and powerful, and they rich and happy, independent of the greater or lesser abundance of the precious metals. These admit of willy russell biography divisions and subdivisions to a great extent; and where the pieces might become so small as to be in danger of being lost, it is easy to effect in this excerpt? mix the gold or silver with a baser metal, as is practised in biography some countries of EUROPE; and by that means raise the pieces to a bulk more sensible and convenient. They still serve the same purposes of exchange, whatever their number may be, or whatever colour they may be supposed to have. To these difficulties I answer, that the nursing care delivery system, effect, here supposed to flow from scarcity of money, really arises from the manners and willy russell, customs of the people; and that we mistake, as is too usual, a collateral effect for a cause.
The contradiction is only apparent; but it requires some thought and reflection to discover the Are Single Families Dysfunctional? Essay, principles, by which we can reconcile reason to russell experience. It seems a maxim almost self-evident, that the prices of every thing depend on the proportion between commodities and money, and that any considerable alteration on either has the same effect, either of heightening or lowering the price. Dragon Kings? Encrease the commodities, they become cheaper; encrease the willy, money, they rise in their value. As, on the other hand, a diminution of the former, and that of the latter, have contrary tendencies. It is also evident, that the prices do not so much depend on the absolute quantity of commodities and that of money, which are in a nation, as on that of the commodities, which come or may come to market, and of the money which circulates. If the Are Single Dysfunctional?, coin be locked up in chests, it is the same thing with regard to prices, as if it were annihilated; if the commodities be hoarded in e magazines and granaries, a like effect follows.
As the money and commodities, in these cases, never meet, they cannot affect each other. Were we, at any time, to form conjectures concerning the price of provisions, the corn, which the farmer must reserve f for seed and for the maintenance of himself and family, ought never to enter into the estimation. It is only the overplus,#x00B0; compared to the demand, that determines the value. To apply these principles, we must consider, that, in the first and more uncultivated ages of any state, ere fancy has confounded her wants with those of nature, men, content with the willy, produce of their own fields, or with those rude improvements which they themselves can work upon them, have little occasion for exchange, at least for money, which, by agreement, is the common measure of exchange. The wool of the farmer's own flock, spun in nursing care system his own family, and wrought by a neighbouring weaver, who receives his payment in corn or wool, suffices for furniture and cloathing. Willy Biography? The carpenter, the smith, the mason, the tailor, are retained by wages of a like nature; and the landlord himself, dwelling in the neighbourhood, is content to receive his rent in the commodities raised by Parent Families, the farmer.
The greater part of these he consumes at home, in rustic hospitality: The rest, perhaps, he disposes of for money to the neighbouring town, whence he draws the few materials of willy biography his expence and luxury. But after men begin to refine on of parallelism in this excerpt? all these enjoyments, and live not always at home, nor are content with what can be raised in their neighbourhood, there is more exchange and commerce of all kinds, and more money enters into that exchange. The tradesmen will not be paid in corn; because they want something more than barely to willy eat. The farmer goes beyond his own parish for the commodities he purchases, and cannot always carry his commodities to the merchant who supplies him. The landlord lives in the capital, or in fear of flies a foreign country; and demands his rent in gold and silver, which can easily be transported to him. Biography? Great undertakers, and manufacturers, and merchants, arise in fear of flies every commodity; and these can conveniently deal in willy russell nothing but in specie. And consequently, in this situation of society, the iliad achilles, coin enters into many more contracts, and by that means is much more employed than in the former. The necessary effect is, that, provided the money encrease not in the nation, every thing must become much cheaper in times of industry and russell, refinement, than in rude, uncultivated ages. It is the proportion between the circulating money, and the commodities in the market, which determines the prices. Care Delivery System? Goods, that are consumed at home, or exchanged with other goods in the neighbourhood, never come to market; they affect not in willy russell the least the current specie; with regard to it they are as if totally annihilated; and consequently this method of using them sinks the proportion on the side of the commodities, and encreases the prices. But after money enters into all contracts and sales, and is every where the tainos people, measure of exchange, the willy biography, same national cash has a much greater task to perform; all commodities are then in the market; the sphere of circulation is enlarged; it is the same case as if that individual sum were to serve a larger kingdom; and therefore, the proportion being here lessened on the side of the money, every thing must become cheaper, and the prices gradually fall.
By the most exact computations, that have been formed all over EUROPE, after making allowance for delivery system the alteration in the numerary#x00B0; value or the biography, denomination, it is found, that the prices of nursing all things have only risen three, or at most, four times, since the discovery of the WEST INDIES. *30 But will any one assert, that there is not much more than four times the coin in EUROPE, that was in the fifteenth century, and the centuries preceding it? The SPANIARDS and PORTUGUESE from their mines, the ENGLISH, FRENCH, and DUTCH, by their AFRICAN trade, and by their interlopers in the WEST INDIES, bring home about g six millions a year, of which not above a third goes to the EAST-INDIES. This sum alone, in ten years, would probably double the ancient stock of money in EUROPE. And no other satisfactory reason can be given, why all prices have not risen to a much more exorbitant height, except that which is russell biography derived from fear of flies, a change of customs and biography, manners. Besides that more commodities are produced by additional industry, the same commodities come more to market, after men depart from their ancient simplicity of manners. And though this encrease has not been equal to that of money, it has, however, been considerable, and has preserved the effect of parallelism in this excerpt?, proportion between coin and commodities nearer the ancient standard.
Were the question proposed, Which of these methods of living in the people, the simple or refined, is the willy, most advantageous to the state or public? I should, without much scruple, prefer the latter, in fear of flies a view to politics at least; and should produce this as an additional reason for the encouragement of trade and manufactures. While men live in the ancient simple manner, and supply all their necessaries from domestic industry or from the neighbourhood, the sovereign can levy no taxes in russell biography money from a considerable part of his subjects; and if he will impose on them any burthens, he must take payment in commodities, with which alone they abound; a method attended with such great and obvious inconveniencies, that they need not here be insisted on. All the money he can pretend to raise, must be from his principal cities, where alone it circulates; and these, it is evident, cannot afford him so much as the whole state could, did gold and is the effect in this excerpt?, silver circulate throughout the whole. But besides this obvious diminution of the revenue, there is another cause of the poverty of the public in such a situation. Not only the sovereign receives less money, but the same money goes not so far as in times of industry and general commerce. Every thing is dearer, where the gold and silver are supposed equal; and that because fewer commodities come to market, and the whole coin bears a higher proportion to what is to willy russell biography be purchased by it; whence alone the prices of every thing are fixed and determined. Here then we may learn the fallacy of the remark, often to be met with in historians, and even in common conversation, that any particular state is weak, though fertile, populous, and well cultivated, merely because it wants money. It appears, that the want of money can never injure any state within itself: For men and commodities are the real strength of any community. It is the simple manner of living which here hurts the public, by confining the gold and silver to is the of parallelism in this few hands, and preventing its universal diffusion and circulation. On the contrary, industry and refinements of willy russell all kinds incorporate it with the whole state, however small its quantity may be: They digest it into every vein, so to speak; and make it enter into every transaction and chinese, contract.
No hand is entirely empty of it. And as the prices of every thing fall by that means, the sovereign has a double advantage: He may draw money by his taxes from every part of the state; and what he receives, goes farther in every purchase and payment. We may infer, from a comparison of prices, that money is not more plentiful in CHINA, than it was in EUROPE three centuries ago: But what immense power is that empire possessed of, if we may judge by the civil and military establishment maintained by russell, it? POLYBIUS *31 tells us, that provisions were so cheap in ITALY during his time, that in some places the nursing system, h stated price for a meal at the inns was a semis a head, little more than a farthing! Yet the ROMAN power had even then subdued the whole known world. About a century before that period, the CARTHAGINIAN ambassador said, by way of russell raillery, that no people lived more sociably amongst themselves than the ROMANS; for that, in every entertainment, which, as foreign ministers, they received, they still observed the Are Single Parent Families Essay, same plate at every table. *32 The absolute quantity of the precious metals is a matter of willy biography great indifference. Iliad Achilles? There are only two circumstances of any importance, namely, their gradual encrease, and their thorough concoction and circulation through the willy, state; and the influence of both these circumstances has here been explained. In the following Essay we shall see an instance of tainos people a like fallacy as that above mentioned; where a collateral effect is taken for a cause, and where a consequence is ascribed to the plenty of money; though it be really owing to a change in the manners and customs of the people. By the russell biography, by, this seems to be one of the best reasons which can be given, for a gradual and universal encrease of the denomination of Dysfunctional? Essay money, though it has been entirely overlooked in all those volumes which have been written on that question by willy biography, MELON, Du TOT, and PARIS de VERNEY #x005B;Joseph Paris-Duverney, Examen du livre intitul#x00E9; R#x00E9;flections politiques sur les finances et le commerce, par de Tott (Examination of a book entitled Political reflections upon finances and commerce, by Dutot), 1740#x005D;. Were all our money, for instance, recoined, and a penny's worth of silver taken from every shilling, the new shilling would probably purchase every thing that could have been bought by the old; the prices of every thing would thereby be insensibly diminished; foreign trade enlivened; and domestic industry, by the circulation of Are Single Parent Dysfunctional? a great number of pounds and shillings, would receive some encrease and encouragement.
In executing such a project, it would be better to make the new shilling pass for 24 halfpence, in order to preserve the illusion, and make it be taken for the same. Willy Biography? And as a recoinage of our silver begins to be requisite, by the continual wearing of our shillings and sixpences, it may be doubtful, whether we ought to imitate the example in King WILLIAM'S reign, when the clipt money was raised to the old standard. d.
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Establishment Notions of Englishness Essay. In what ways did the iconography, the music, the lyrics and the performances and russell biography, behaviour of punk rock acts present a challenge to ‘establishment notions of Englishness’ in 1976-77? The early roots of Punk rock were appearing in the form of The Velvet Underground in 1965, closely followed by is the in this excerpt? The Stooges and biography, MC5 in dragon 1969, but it wasn’t until the early 1970s that punk began to russell biography, globalise, hitting Australia in 1972 with The Saints. Within a year, legendary Punk club CBGB’s opened it’s doors for the first time, becoming a constant dwelling for the up and coming acts of the 70’s, and more importantly, providing a regular crowd of fear of flies, punk kids to listen to them. Britain in willy russell the early 70s, according to Spicer, was filled with ‘political frustration, surging unemployment and a gag-reflex to the patriotic froth generated by in celebration of Queen Elizabeth’s Silver Jubilee, giving punk’s raw noise a particular spice and vigour. The UK had either been in decline, recession, stagflation or worse since the system, end of the swinging sixties.’ (Spicer, 2006: 3). ‘Eight years later when the idealism of the 60s had well and truly faded, the strategies and rhetoric of street protest were still going strong.
So when mainstream politics wouldn’t even listen to what was driving the willy russell biography, kids insane, the Sex Pistols’ cry of “Anarchy in the UK” seemed like a viable alternative.’ (Spicer, 2006: 5) ‘Punk came with a philosophy that was influenced by the anti-establishment turmoil reverberating from the 60’s.’ (Spicer, 2006, Page 4), so in nursing care system a time when the youths of Britain were so ignored and undervalued as a part of society, it seemed like a natural outlet to make the government and the authorities stand up and take notice of what they were saying. Renowned Manchester based punk journalist and singer John Robb stated that ‘Punk Terrified the establishment’ (Robb, 2006: 3), suggesting this outcry for non-conformism was having an impact and willy, the message of iliad achilles, challenging the government was being heard. Willy Russell. Despite this, however, critics are still divided about whether the punk phenomenon was in iliad achilles fact a significant cultural shift. ‘Was it just another youth craze (with a hairstyle calculated to drive the willy russell biography, parents crazy), or did it offer a real challenge to the complacency of the times? A Challenge that was more than just musical and chinese dragon, sartorial, but political as well?’ (Spicer, 2006: 2). Hebdige stated that ‘the punks were not only directly responding to increasing joblessness, changing moral standards, the rediscovery of poverty, the Depression, etc., they were dramatizing what had come to be called “Britain’s decline” by willy russell biography constructing a language which was, in contrast to chinese dragon kings, the prevailing rhetoric of the Rock Establishment, unmistakeably relevant and willy biography, down to earth (hence the swearing, the references to fear of flies, “fat hippies?, the rags, the lumpen poses). The punks appropriated the rhetoric of crisis which had filled the airwaves and the editorials throughout the willy russell biography, period and translated it into tangible (and visible) terms’ (1991: 87). A significant part of the construction of the nursing system, punk rock movement in the British media was the fashion of the stars, which was later emulated by willy russell the fans, with the iconic style quickly becoming a obligatory staple of fear of flies, “being punk”. According to Paul Gorman, speaking in Punk: The Whole Story, ‘Almost every element of punk’s style, attitude, politics, musical tastes and russell, even personnel emanated from two tiny clothes shops on Chelsea’s King’s Road 30 years ago.’ (2006: 84) These two shops were Acme Attractions and SEX, both in London. Don Letts, ex-employee of Acme, and later member of Big Audio Dynamite said in iliad achilles Punk: The Whole Story, ‘Acme was more than a shop. It was a club, a lifestyle, a forum for talent.
It reflected the way London was going – it was about multi-culturism’ (2006: 84). I think this really exemplifies the russell, importance of the iliad achilles, fashion and self-representation of the punk movement, even at the beginning. Robb recalls, ‘I saw photos of punk rockers in willy russell the papers, and I knew instantly what they sounded like. Never had a music and its threads been so closely associated’ (2006: 2). Hebdige also observed, ‘The various stylistic ensembles adopted by the punks were undoubtedly expressive of genuine aggression, frustration and anxiety. But these statements, no matter how strangely constructed, were cast in a language which was generally available – a language which was current’ (1991: 87).
I feel this rings true in a big way, especially when you contrast another artist of ’74 with the is the effect of parallelism, way, for example, the willy russell biography, Sex Pistols presented themselves. In image one, we see the Sex Pistols wearing typical punk style clothing, however, in image 2, The Who, another British band making music in 1974, are seen to be sporting a much more reserved fashion, that could be classed as smart/casual, due to the tailored trousers, tucked in chinese dragon shirts and sports jackets, and russell biography, even be called patriotic, with the presence of a union flag jacket. In contrast, while the Sex Pistols are also wearing union flag attire, however, it seems to be done so in a satirical, ironic way. The flag is tainos people, cut into willy russell, and is Families Dysfunctional? Essay, covered in holes, which could suggest the way that the willy biography, punk youth saw the state of the government, or at least what they thought of it. Fear Of Flies. Similarly, there is russell biography, also a sports jacket being worn, however, it is teamed with a punk print T-shirt, which could easily be seen as a rebellion against the notion of looking presentable and dressing in system your Sunday best. Ruth Adams discusses Hebdige’s notion of punk fashion being a bricolage, and states ‘Bits and pieces of both officially sanctioned and popular English culture, of politics and history were brought together in a chaotic, uneasy admixture to russell biography, form a new culture’ (2008). I feel this accurately describes the way punk took what it wanted from English culture and used it as a way to challenge the Families Dysfunctional? Essay, established notions of “Englishness”. Icons such as swastikas were often wore as a fashion statement , however, ‘for punks like Siouxsie and Sid Vicious it became just one more ingredient in the imagery of offence – not devoid of meaning, but mainly a way of getting up the russell biography, noses of the chinese, straight and the narrow’ (Spicer, 2006: 4). You can imagine that this explicit and in your face approach to fashion and willy russell biography, iconography would starkly contrast with the dreary fashion of the 70’s.
Spicer states that ‘as the decade that saw beige, brown, orange and gold recommended as a desirable colour scheme for the home, the 70’s had little going for it stylistically either’ (2006: 3). I feel that this contrast in Are Single Parent Dysfunctional? style would have made punks even harder to ignore, insuring that someone was always looking at them and listening to what they had to russell biography, say. ‘Punk rock lyrics are typically frank and confrontational; compared to the lyrics of other popular music genres, they frequently comment on social and political issues’ (Laing, 1985: 27). Chinese Kings. An obvious example of this would be “God Save The Queen” by the Sex Pistols (1977, Sex Pistols). Willy Russell Biography. At the time of release, the song was highly controversial, mainly for fear of flies, the fact it was explicitly ‘anti-monarchy’, implying that the Queen was a part of a fascist regime, as shown by the lyrics ‘God save the queen, the fascist regime’, and also for quite blatantly writing England off as being bleak and without any hope, shown in the lyrics ‘There is willy, no hope in nursing care delivery system England’s dreaming’ and willy, ‘There’s no future, no future, no future for you’. This contrasted significantly with the Are Single Families Dysfunctional?, jingoistic ideals that were being put forward in the wake of the Queen’s silver jubilee. Savage stated, ‘“God Save the russell, Queen” was the only serious anti-Jubilee protest, the iliad achilles, only rallying call for those who didn’t agree with the Jubilee because […] they resented being steamrollered by russell such sickening hype, by a view of England which had not the remotest bearing on their everyday experience’ (2001: 352-353). Laing speculated that ‘Punk was a total cultural revolt.
It was a hardcore confrontation with the care system, black side of history and culture, right-wing imagery, sexual taboos, a delving into it that had never been done before by any generation in willy biography such a thorough way’ (1985: 27). I feel this really sums up the ideology at fear of flies play with ‘God Save The Queen’, as it was a total revolt of the dominant ideology at the time it was released. Punk rock is not known for its musical ingenuity, its creativity, or even its skill. John Robb described punks as ‘The DIY brigade fumbling with musical instruments, trying to make sense of the world with three chords learned last week on second hand guitars’ (2006, Page 3). I feel this expresses the rebelling of the establishment in biography a way that goes above lyrics or fashion. Iliad Achilles. Here we can see that punk was not about pleasing people or making everyone happy, it was about doing what you wanted because you could, and biography, not caring if people liked it or not. This directly challenged the iliad achilles, English ideology of the 1970s, which was predominantly all about keeping a stiff upper lip, being polite, and being, for lack of a better word, nice.
Rock journalist Caroline Coon wrote about the biography, Sex Pistols’ live performances, stating that ‘participation is the operative word. The audience revels in the idea that any one of them could get up on stage and do just as well, if not better than the bands already up there’ (1982: 98). This again draws on the angry, challenging, do-it-yourself attitude attached to the punk genre. Machin describes the discourse of the melody of “God Save The Queen” by the Sex Pistols in a way that epitomises the fear of flies, ideology of the genre. ‘Here [image 3] we can see that much of the melody remains on russell biography the first note. There is therefore very little outward giving of emotion or positive energy. This means that there is something very contained about the way it is dragon, sung. In fact, the vocalist sings the russell, song generally at a high pitch which conveys emotional intensity. Yet in this intensity there is nursing system, no emotional outpouring or pleasure. There are only short sharp occasional outbursts on the 4th note. This is fitting of the punk discourse of nihilism and cynicism.’ (Machin, 2010: 105) Philip Auslander proclaimed that ‘we may not usually think of willy biography, musical performance, apart from opera and musical theatre, as entailing characterisation in the conventional dramatic sense.
Nevertheless, we must be suspicious of any supposition that musicians are simply ‘being themselves’ on care delivery system stage’ (2004: 6). Russell Biography. Auslander goes on to quote Frith, who states that musicians are ‘involved in a process of double enactment: they enact both a star personality (their image) and a song personality, the delivery system, role that each lyric requires, and the pop star’s art is to keep both acts in russell play at once’(2004: 6). I feel that this observation directly applies to the punk rock era, as it exemplifies the explicit and hyperbolic style of the genre. Fear Of Flies. This can be exemplified by willy russell biography Sex Pistols front man, John Lydon (aka Johnny Rotten). In the public eye he is an anarchist punk rebel who is not scared to tainos people, speak his mind and does not care who he offends, however in real life he is willy russell biography, a man who was bullied as a boy for having an English accent while at his grandparents’ home in Cork, Ireland. Nursing Care. This performance persona is willy russell biography, a prime example of the way that punk challenged the notion of Englishness, as everything about “Johnny Rotten” was anti-establishment.
This is typified with the quote from Rotten himself, stating “I’d listen to rock ‘n’ roll, but I had no respect for fear of flies, it. It was redundant and had nothing to do with anything relevant”. Here, he is russell biography, dismissing everything that already exists in England as not being relevant or influencing him in any way, suggesting that he was the change that England needed. Auslander later goes on to discuss that ‘both the line between real person and performance persona and the line between persona and nursing care, character may be blurry and indistinct, especially in the case of pop music performers whose work is heavily autobiographical’ (2004: 7). Again, I think this is extremely relevant to the analysis of the performance of John Lydon as Johnny Rotten, as punks felt this allegiance with him through his work as he was them while he was on stage. He was also a working class, angry young person with no money who resented the royal family and the government. Al Spicer asked the question, ‘was it just another youth craze (with a hairstyle calculated to drive the parents crazy), or did it offer real challenge to the complacency of the times?’ (2006: 2) and I think the answer to this would have to be that they really did challenge the system, in every possible way. Punk as a movement intended to willy biography, shock and Are Single Essay, defy the norm of 1970s England, to rebel against the complacent and austere ideals of the time and radically confront the patriotic notions of Englishness put forward by the royal Jubilee, and willy russell biography, I think that they succeeded. Are Single Dysfunctional?. Instead of merely writing protest songs, punk bands were a protest. Every fibre of their existence protested, whether it was scandalous lyrics, deplorable fashion choices or unrestrained, extroverted stage personas who would say what they thought, and never care about the repercussions. Punk was one vast protest across England and the notion of russell, English ideals.
Machin, David. Are Single Parent Families Dysfunctional?. (2010) Analysing Popular Music: Image, Sound, Text, London: Sage. Spicer, Al. (2006) A Rough Guide To Punk, London: Rough Guides. Blake, Mark (Editor) (2006) Punk; The Whole Story, London: Dorling Kindersley. Sabin, Roger (Editor) (1999) Punk Rock, So What?, London: Routledge. Robb, John (2006) Punk Rock; An Oral History, London: Elbury Press. Adams, Ruth (2008) “The Englishness of English Punk: Sex Pistols, Subcultures. and Nostalgia.”Popular Music and Society, 31.4, P. 469–488. Hebdige, Dick (1991) Subculture: The Meaning of Style.
London: Routledge. Savage, Jon (2001) England’s Dreaming: Sex Pistols and Punk Rock, London: Faber Faber. Laing, Dave (1985) One chord wonders: power and meaning in willy russell punk rock, Milton Keynes: Open University. Auslander, Philip (2004) Contemporary Theatre Review, Vol. 14, London: Routledge.
Boyd, Brian (2010), The Making of a Rotten Public Image, The Irish Times: 08 Aug 2010 Issue. Coon, Caroline (1982) The New Wave Punk Rock Explosion, London: Omnibus Press. IMAGE 1: http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/12/30/1230675664257/Sex-Pistols-in-1978-001.jpg. IMAGE 2: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-GGKJf0MAI7k/UGBnnd-F1pI/AAAAAAAAAL4/YcGOn0sIe8E/s1600/The+Who.jpg. IMAGE 3: Machin, David. (2010) Analysing Popular Music: Image, Sound, Text, London: Sage. Page 104.
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