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Rosenblatt v. Tidal And Disadvantages. Bivona Cohen, PC, 969 F. Supp. Command Economy Economy. 207 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) 969 F. Supp. 207 (1997) BIVONA COHEN, P.C., Defendant. No. 95 Civ. 4671 (SAS). United States District Court, S.D. New York.
*208 Nathaniel B. And Disadvantages. Smith, Ranni Smith, New York City, for Plaintiff. Thomas W. Hyland, Edward P. Gilbert, Elizabeth M. Kelly, Wilson, Elser, Moskowitz, Edelman Dicker, New York City, for Defendant. SCHEINDLIN, District Judge. Plaintiff Theodore Rosenblatt (Rosenblatt) is suing Bivona Cohen, P.C., alleging unlawful employment discrimination on the basis of race in why was john important violation of 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-2(a) (1), 42 U.S.C. § 1981 and New York Human Rights Law (NYHRL) *209 § 296.  Defendant now moves for summary judgment and plaintiff cross moves for tidal and disadvantages partial summary judgment on the affirmative defense that plaintiff was not an employee for purposes of Title VII. The parties bring these motions pursuant to contractionary, Rule 56(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the tidal energy and disadvantages, reasons stated below, defendant's motion is denied and plaintiff's cross motion is granted.
Rosenblatt maintained a relationship with Bivona Cohen, P.C., for a dozen years. He joined the firm, then known as Levy, Bivona Cohen, as a senior associate in 1982. Defendant's 3(g) Statement (Def.'s 3(g)) at why was important ¶ 1; Plaintiff's 3(g) Statement (Pl.'s 3(g)) at ¶ 1. Initially, plaintiff was viewed as a competent attorney. Tidal Advantages And Disadvantages. Deposition of John Bivona (Bivona Dep.), Bivona Cohen President, at 86; Deposition of Marlene Monteleone (Monteleone Dep.), Bivona Cohen partner, at 17-18; Deposition of rudyard man's analysis Joseph Figliolo (Figliolo Dep.), Bivona Cohen partner, at 29-30; Deposition of Marc Lust (Lust Dep.), Bivona Cohen partner, at 57-59. Plaintiff worked for several years in Unit 2 under the supervision of tidal advantages and disadvantages partner Marc Lust, until plaintiff was promoted to manager of Unit 3 and made a non-equity partner of the firm in 1986. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 4; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 4. As director of Unit 3, plaintiff supervised the work of command economy vs market several associates and a junior partner. Def.'s 3(g) at tidal ¶ 3; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 3. His duties included several projects of firmwide significance, including production of master forms and economy, billing practices, handling of firm insurance matters, and negotiation of the energy and disadvantages, lease for the current office space. Affidavit of Theodore Rosenblatt (T. Rosenblatt Aff.) at ¶ 6; Defendant's Reply Memorandum in Support of Motion for Summary Judgment (Def.'s Reply) at 2. In 1987, plaintiff, who is white, entered into an extramarital relationship with his secretary, Babsie Gould-Henry, who is black.
Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 8; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 8. The pair remained co-workers throughout the majority of their affair of six years' duration, following which they were married in 1993. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 14-16; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 14, 16. In December 1989, when Gould-Henry was pregnant with plaintiff's child, he permitted her, without prior authorization by the Partnership Governing Committee, to take an white analysis extended unpaid leave of absence. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 9-10; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 9-10. Although Gould-Henry gave birth to tidal energy, plaintiff's child during this absence, plaintiff explained to defendant that the reason for the leave was caring for a sick relative in England. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 9-10; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 9-10. Contractionary Policy. Gould-Henry was terminated by letter dated February 1, 1990, and energy advantages and disadvantages, later rehired by defendant in mid-1990. Def.'s 3(g) at The Importance on Canadian Buisness ¶ 14; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 14; Defendant's Appendix (Def.'s App.), Exh.
D. Plaintiff's ongoing relationship with Gould-Henry eventually became known throughout the firm. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 11, 13; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 11; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 9. In March 1992, plaintiff left his first wife and children to live with Gould-Henry, Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 13, after which plaintiff alleges that he felt increasing harsher criticism and pressure from Sidney Cohen and others. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 10-11. In early 1992, Gould-Henry terminated her employment with defendant. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 15; Deposition of Theodore Rosenblatt (T.
Rosenblatt Dep.) at 138-39. Two controversial events characterize the deterioration of and disadvantages plaintiff's relationship with the firm. First, although their accounts differ, the rudyard white, parties do not dispute that in December 1992, plaintiff became intoxicated at and disadvantages a firm Christmas party, leading to an encounter that a firm secretary reported as sexual harassment. Affidavit of John Bivona (Bivona Aff.) at ¶ 9; Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 18-20; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 19; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 27-28. Unable to macbeth, recollect the incident, plaintiff nevertheless formally apologized at Bivona's direction.
Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 19; Pl.'s 3(g) at *210 ¶ 19; Bivona Aff. at ¶ 9; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 27-28. Second, in mid-1993, AIG, one of defendant's significant clients, audited the firm's work and energy, identified 34 late attorney status reports, 15 of which had been the responsibility of associates assigned to plaintiff's Unit 3. Of Atlantic Canada Essay. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶¶ 21-23; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 30-35; Plaintiff's Appendix (Pl.'s App.), Exhs. 9, 13-14; Bivona Aff. at energy advantages and disadvantages ¶¶ 7-8; Cohen Dep. at 154-60. Macbeth Tyrant Quotes. An additional six files belonged to Monteleone's Unit, five to Lust's, and four to Figliolo's. Pl.'s App., Exh. 14. The parties dispute the details of this audit and the resultant effect on defendant's business; however, it is undisputed that AIG sent a letter to defendant in energy advantages August 1993, reporting its findings and observing that changes needed to be made in kipling burden analysis the handling of its account. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 37-38; Pl.'s App., Exh. 9. Tidal. AIG reported several inappropriately handled matters and suggested improvements in defendant's performance.
Following the audit, AIG files were transferred from Unit 3 in late 1993, and the Unit was reorganized, including the demotion, transfer to another Unit and subsequent discharge of Mark Kalmanowitz, the junior partner directly under plaintiff's supervision. Def.'s 3(g) at quotes ¶¶ 23-25; Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 25; Answer and Counterclaim (Ans.) at ¶ 48; T. Rosenblatt Dep. at tidal energy advantages and disadvantages 236, 240. In August 1994, John Bivona terminated plaintiff's employment. Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 2; Pl.'s 3(g) at important ¶ 2. None of the other Unit supervisors was terminated. At the time of plaintiff's discharge, Bivona Cohen was organized as a professional corporation, the sole shareholders of advantages and disadvantages which were John Bivona and Sidney Cohen. Pl.'s 3(g) in Support of Cross-Motion (Pl.'s 3(g) in Support) at ¶ 2; Defendant's Second 3(g) Statement (Def.'s Second 3(g)) at ¶ 2. Only Bivona and Cohen had the why was john hancock important, authority to discharge plaintiff from the firm.
Pl.'s 3(g) in Support at ¶ 2; Def.'s Second 3(g) at ¶ 2. Plaintiff's employment was at all times at will. Tidal And Disadvantages. Pl.'s 3(g) in Support at ¶ 4; Def.'s Second 3(g) at ¶ 4. 1. Disagreement over specific events. Controversy surrounds several pivotal events during plaintiff's tenure with the firm. While both parties agree that plaintiff misrepresented the macbeth, reasons for his extension of an unauthorized leave to tidal energy and disadvantages, Gould-Henry in 1989, plaintiff alleges that, on learning of it, Bivona did not object to reserving Gould-Henry's position as plaintiff's secretary until her return. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 18.
By contrast, Cohen objected that the extended leave was in contravention of company policy. Id.; T. Operations Management. Rosenblatt Dep. at 136-38. Plaintiff maintains that Cohen ordered plaintiff to send a letter to Gould-Henry formally terminating her employment with the firm. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 18; T. Rosenblatt Dep. at 136-38. Tidal Energy. Cohen testifies that although he was aware of the letter, he did not direct plaintiff to operations management, send it. Deposition of Sid [sic] Cohen (Cohen Dep.), Bivona Cohen Vice President and Secretary, at 89-92. Plaintiff maintains that the passage of approximately five years between this incident and energy, his termination, as well as the hancock, history of extended leaves granted to the secretaries of other partners, indicates that defendant did not consider this a serious infraction. Affidavit of Babsie Rosenblatt (B. Rosenblatt Aff.) at ¶ 11; Deposition of Tammy Hoffman (Hoffman Dep.), Bivona Cohen secretary, at 14-19. Defendant contends that plaintiff attended a client-sponsored ski weekend on defendant's behalf in 1991, to which he brought Gould-Henry without permission.
Bivona Aff. at ¶ 4. Defendant claims that while there, plaintiff became intoxicated and flaunted his extramarital affair in contravention of the conduct expected of a representative of defendant's firm at a business event. Energy Advantages. Id. Why Was. In addition, defendant characterizes the 1992 Christmas party incident as an extremely serious indiscretion for which [p]laintiff was severely reprimanded by the Partnership Governing Committee. Energy And Disadvantages. Defendant's Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Summary Judgment (Def's Mem.) at 5. While plaintiff admits to having become intoxicated and to having been directed to apologize, he asserts that once his apology was accepted, the issue was not raised again during his tenure at the firm. Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 19; T. Economy Economy. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 27-29.
*211 Plaintiff suggests that Cohen lied when questioned about the reason behind his failure to attend plaintiff's wedding in early December of 1993. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 23. Cohen testified that it was his custom to tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, spend the month of December in economy Vermont. Cohen Dep. at 150-51. Plaintiff counters that no firm records of such a trip exist, and that Lust testified to tidal energy and disadvantages, having discussed plaintiff's wedding with Cohen at the office the following Monday. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 23. Plaintiff alleges that he canceled his pre-approved honeymoon due to The Importance, what he perceived as Cohen's anger when the energy and disadvantages, subject was raised, as well as a warning by why was john important Lust and energy advantages and disadvantages, Figliolo that Cohen was prepared to The Importance on Canadian Buisness, fire me if I went on vacation. Id. at ¶ 24. 2. Plaintiff's interracial relationship.
The parties are also in dispute as to when plaintiff's romantic involvement with Gould-Henry, was first perceived by defendant. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. Defendant alleges that the Partnership Governing Committee became aware of the relationship in 1987, and economy economy, regarded it as Plaintiff's personal business. Ans. at ¶ 41. Defendant contends further that plaintiff's interracial relationship was common knowledge throughout the entire firm at all times from 1990, that the tidal energy and disadvantages, birth of plaintiff and Gould-Henry's child was known of more than four years prior to Plaintiff's termination, and that defendant was already aware of this occurrence when it re-hired Gould-Henry in 1990. Id. at ¶ 42; Def.'s 3(g) at ¶ 12. Of Atlantic Canada On Canadian Buisness. Plaintiff denies these statements, conceding only that [o]ver time, . knowledge of our relationship became more commonly known in the firm, despite his and Gould-Henry's efforts to keep the advantages, relationship private. Pl.'s 3(g) at ¶ 12; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 9. Notwithstanding defendant's argument that the Partnership Governing Committee knew of plaintiff's relationship as early as 1987, and macbeth quotes, that the rest of the firm knew by tidal advantages and disadvantages 1990, Cohen testified that he himself was unaware of the existence of this relationship as late as 1991. Tyrant. Ans. at ¶¶ 41-42; Cohen Dep. at 97-98. Cohen also testified to having seen Gould-Henry on only a few occasions and to having formed no opinion as to tidal and disadvantages, her race, despite the fact that she was employed by defendant for quotes seven years and in contrast to partner Martin Stewart's testimony that everybody knew that plaintiff's wife was black.
Cohen Dep. at 82-83; Deposition of energy and disadvantages Martin Stewart (Stewart Dep.), Bivona Cohen partner, at 23. 3. Plaintiff's relationship with Cohen. The timing of the initial downturn in plaintiff's relationship with Cohen is also disputed. According to the testimony of defendant's partners, the relationship began to sour in Essay 1991 following the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, client-sponsored ski weekend; yet plaintiff testifies that the turning point was March 1992, when he informed Cohen of his cohabitation with Gould-Henry. Figliolo Dep. at 93, 97-99; Monteleone Dep. at rudyard kipling man's analysis 17; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 10. Plaintiff points out that prior to energy advantages and disadvantages, this time. *212 [Cohen] gave me a lot of special projects. We worked closely together on a lot of contractionary these things, and tidal energy advantages, commencing at approximately March of '92, is when he stopped either giving me new assignments or started being hypercritical over my handling of the assignments that he had previously given me. T. Kipling White Man's Burden. Rosenblatt Dep. at 53-54. March 1992 is also the time at which plaintiff identifies the first of what he refers to as Cohen's veiled comments expressing disapproval of his relationship, Something like, `I don't understand you.' I believe that was the specific words he used, `I don't understand you.' Id. at 61. Plaintiff testified that this was also the first time at which joking comments about tidal and disadvantages, deficiencies in his appearance became serious.
Id. Plaintiff asserts that Cohen made almost daily threats to his job, either by direct threat or innuendo, or through Mr. Lust and Mr. Figliolo. Id. at 45. He also refers to Cohen's irrational rants and ravings, recollecting that [h]e would scream at me about isolated items, a memo of law having a mistake in the caption, about my responsibilities for economy economy the entire 24th floor. Id. at 47. At times, Cohen's behavior escalated to outright threats, such as screaming, I am gonna fire you and I am gonna take you out of that chair. Id. at and disadvantages 48.
Plaintiff also recounts discussing with Bivona his concern about Sid's attitude towards me. Id. at 65. There was one occasion he told me that if anything went wrong on the 24th floor, that Sid would consider it my fault and he included that if the bathrooms didn't work or the toilets didn't work that Sid would probably blame me. Id. Plaintiff remembers having been warned on multiple occasions by both Lust and operations management, Figliolo that his job was in jeopardy. Id. at 43-44.
After plaintiff took up residence with Gould-Henry in March 1992, he recalls at tidal energy least one occasion on which Lust led plaintiff to macbeth quotes, understand that the reason his job was endangered was that, as plaintiff puts it, Sid Cohen turned on me. He didn't approve of my relationship. Id. at 69-70. Plaintiff testified further that. Marc said that I shouldn't be seen with Babs because Sid might see us together. Marc told me not to have her come, that she shouldn't come up to the office to meet me after work. She shouldn't meet me at the car, she should go home by herself. And that was over a period of advantages and disadvantages time in many, many such communications, that Sid Cohen was upset when he saw us and it just inflamed him and contractionary monetary policy definition, his anger at tidal energy advantages me. Id. at 141; see also T. Rosenblatt Aff. at tyrant ¶¶ 20-21; B. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 15-17.  Plaintiff also testified to having discussed with Lust on such occasions how can I kiss Sid's ass more or please him more, or be more of what he wants, and cover up Babs, basically. That was the concept, the understanding. T. Rosenblatt Dep. at tidal and disadvantages 61-71.
During a telephone conversation with Bivona in December 1993, plaintiff decided to confront Cohen regarding his disapproval of tyrant plaintiff's interracial relationship. I then . told him I was gonna call Sid and try to meet with Sid because I wanted to sit down with him and try and talk man to energy and disadvantages, man, outside the office, discuss his problems with me, and my relationships and command, whatever else he was concerned with. I called Sid and asked him if I could told him I was willing to come from the tidal energy and disadvantages, Poconos to Vermont immediately, sit down with him, and his response was, No, we have nothing to talk about. Id. at quotes 73-74. Early in 1994, plaintiff testifies that he was again rebuffed when he approached Cohen with the invitation, `Sid, I'd like to talk to energy advantages and disadvantages, you.' He said, `I don't want to talk,' he said, `I don't want to get aggravated.' Id. at 75. 4. Events surrounding plaintiff's termination. Plaintiff characterizes the July 1993 AIG audit and subsequent moratorium on new assignments to defendant as a pretextual reason for his termination.
Pl.'s 3(g) at contractionary monetary policy ¶ 23. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Although Cohen testified that the late submission of attorney status reports uncovered by the audit: served as the catalyst for his decision to terminate plaintiff, plaintiff argues *213 that the of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness Essay, number of late reports filed by each Unit involved was proportional to the number of AIG files handled, and that his Unit filed 44% of the late reports solely because his Unit handled the greatest share of the AIG account. Tidal. Cohen Dep. at 103, 154; T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 35. Contractionary Monetary Policy Definition. Plaintiff points out that other Units responsible for proportionally equivalent percentages of report mishandling were not reorganized, nor were their leaders terminated. Plaintiff has also provided evidence that AIG's decision to withdraw certain business from Bivona Cohen was due to many reasons in addition to and disadvantages, the late reports. Pl.'s App., Exh. 13. He contends that the late status reports were only an The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness insignificant part of the mishandling of AIG's account, in advantages support of monetary policy definition which he submits AIG's letter and report offering suggestions for firm-wide improvement.
See Pl.'s App., Exhs. Tidal Advantages. 9, 13.  Also at issue is which individuals were specifically responsible for the decision to discharge plaintiff. Plaintiff alleges that his termination was at the direction of Sidney Cohen, which defendant denies. Pl.'s 3(g) in Support at ¶ 3; Def.'s Second 3(g) at ¶ 3. Defendant maintains that it was the Partnership Governing Committee, composed of John Bivona and Sidney Cohen, who made this decision. Why Was John Hancock. Bivona Aff. at ¶ 3. Advantages And Disadvantages. There are statements in rudyard man's burden analysis the deposition testimony of Figliolo and Bivona to the effect that Cohen himself made the actual decision, and overruled others who disagreed. Figliolo Dep. at advantages 93-99; Bivona Dep. at 159-62. Figliolo testified that from March of policy 1991 until August 1994, if we didn't intercede, Ted would have been fired. Figliolo Dep. at 93, 98-99.
Finally, in late spring of and disadvantages 1994, the contractionary monetary policy, tension escalated to the point that. Sid wouldn't hear anything from any of us, if we brought up his name, I don't want to hear it, he said, I want this guy out of here. And then we, what, I know I did, I went to John, I said, John, it looks like my words are not getting anywhere. See what you can do, go in there, talk to Sid and see if you can change his mind and whatnots And John said, I'll see what I can do. Figliolo Dep. at 97. Bivona also testified that he finally acquiesced in August 1994 to Cohen's desire to discharge plaintiff because Sid was so adamant.
Sid never yells at me. Ever. I've been with him for 25 years. Sid yells at everybody, but he never yells at me . He started yelling at me, and I knew he was right. Bivona Dep. at tidal advantages and disadvantages 160-61. The question most heatedly disputed is the motivation behind plaintiff's discharge.
Bivona claims that Plaintiff's termination by Sid Cohen and myself was the The Importance of Atlantic Canada on Canadian Buisness Essay, result of a totality of circumstances occurring over a period of years. Bivona Aff. at ¶ 3. Defendant portrays plaintiff's termination as a business decision . resulting from the tidal energy, cumulative effect of contractionary policy definition a number of deficiencies in Plaintiff's job performance, and tidal energy and disadvantages, asserts that plaintiff was warned several times that his performance was unsatisfactory. Ans. at ¶¶ 47-48; Def.'s Second 3(g) at ¶ 5. Plaintiff, in contrast, avers that at operations concepts all relevant times, [he] ably and competently performed his duties. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Complaint at ¶ 9. Plaintiff reports that no explanation was offered for contractionary definition his termination other than Bivona's comments that You know what's coming, and you know why, and tidal energy, asserts that it was clear to [him] that Cohen had finally prevailed in management his quest to tidal advantages, have [plaintiff] fired. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 25 (emphasis in original). Plaintiff does not recall having been warned or reprimanded regarding the quality of his work, although he does testify to having been aware for several years that Cohen *214 wanted to fire him and that other partners made multiple attempts to save his job. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 25, 43.
He contends that his termination was due to command economy, racial animosity and prejudice on advantages, account of his interracial marriage to Gould-Henry. II. Legal Standard for Summary Judgment. Federal Rule 56(c) provides that summary judgment is proper only if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and of Atlantic Buisness, admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to energy advantages and disadvantages, a judgment as a matter of law. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c); Celotex Corp. Management. v. Tidal. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 106 S. Ct. Monetary Policy. 2548, 91 L. Ed. 2d 265 (1986).
In evaluating a motion for energy and disadvantages summary judgment, all inferences justifiable in light of the totality of the evidence presented are to be drawn in favor of the nonmoving party. Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. Command Economy Economy. v. Tidal. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. Contractionary Monetary. 574, 106 S. Ct. 1348, 89 L. Energy And Disadvantages. Ed. 2d 538 (1986). The function of a district court in the summary judgment context is not to weigh the evidence, but merely to determine whether there is a genuine issue for trial. Gallo v. Prudential Residential Servs., Ltd. Partnership, 22 F.3d 1219 (2d Cir.
1994). In an management employment discrimination case, the burden of proof rests at tidal energy all times with the plaintiff alleging discrimination. Command Economy Vs Market Economy. St. Mary's Honor Center v. Hicks, 509 U.S. 502, 507, 113 S. Ct. Tidal And Disadvantages. 2742, 2747, 125 L. Operations. Ed. 2d 407 (1993). If, as to the issue on which summary judgment is sought, there is any evidence in the record from any source from which a reasonable inference could be drawn in favor of the nonmoving party, summary judgment is improper. Chambers v. TRM Copy Centers Corp., 43 F.3d 29, 37 (2d Cir.1994). This is especially true where the employer's intent is at issue.
Summary judgment is notoriously inappropriate for determination of tidal claims in definition which issues of . good faith and other subjective feelings play dominant roles. Krishna v. Colgate Palmolive Co., 7 F.3d 11, 16 (2d Cir.1993) (quoting Leberman v. John Blair Co., 880 F.2d 1555, 1560 (2d Cir. 1989)). Thus, although a plaintiff cannot withstand summary judgment by raising purely metaphysical questions, a trial court must be cautious about granting summary judgment to an employer [and] affidavits and depositions must be carefully scrutinized for circumstantial proof which, if believed, would show discrimination. Gallo, 22 F.3d at 1224. III. Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgment.
Because it is potentially dispositive, I initially address the plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on the affirmative defense that plaintiff does not qualify as an employee for tidal and disadvantages purposes of management Title VII. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages.  The parties do not dispute that defendant is kipling white man's analysis, a professional corporation with more than 14 employees and thus qualifies as an employer under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e(b). They also agree that plaintiff's employment was at all times at will and that John Bivona and Sidney Cohen, as sole shareholders of the firm, possessed the exclusive authority to discharge plaintiff. The parties dispute whether a non-equity partner of Bivona Cohen is an employee under Title VII. Section 701(f) of Title VII defines an employee as an individual employed by tidal an employer, to economy vs market, which it specifies several exemptions. Tidal Advantages And Disadvantages. 42 U.S.C. § 2000e(f). Neither this definition nor its exemptions address whether non-equity law firm partners qualify as employees. Whether a partner qualifies as an employee depends on whether a true partnership relationship exists.  Courts in this *215 Circuit have used tests both of command vs market economy organizational form and tidal energy advantages, of economic realities to draw the employee boundaries on a case-by-case basis. While the Court of Appeals has recognized that the benefits of the anti-discrimination statutes [generally] do not extend to those who are properly classified as partners, Hyland v. Kipling White Man's. New Haven Radiology Associates, 794 F.2d 793, 797 (2d Cir.1986), the court has also concluded that an economic realities test need not be applied where the individual involved is energy and disadvantages, a corporate employee, . for we hold that every such employee is `covered' for purposes of the ADEA and The Importance Essay, that any inquiry respecting partnership status would be irrelevant. Id. at 798. After [h]aving made the tidal energy advantages, election to tyrant, incorporate, the defendant professional corporation could not later call itself a partnership in substance.
Id. The Court of Appeals recently reasserted that [t]he fact that certain modern partnerships and corporations are practically indistinguishable in structure and operation . is tidal energy, no reason for ignoring form of contractionary monetary policy definition business organization freely chosen and established, in affirming a district court's refusal to grant summary judgment based on a per se partnership exemption. E.E.O.C. v. Johnson Higgins, 91 F.3d 1529, 1537 (2d Cir.1996) (quoting Hyland, 794 F.2d at 798). Hyland explicitly provided that this rule extends to a professional corporation whose structure resembles that of a partnership. Id. (explaining Hyland, 794 F.2d 793). Tidal Energy. Here, where defendant is admittedly a professional corporation of which plaintiff is a non-equity partner, plaintiff is a corporate employee for Title VII purposes. Rudyard Kipling White Man's Analysis.  Even were defendant organized not as a professional corporation, but as a partnership, plaintiff would still qualify as an employee under Title VII. Hyland noted two factors the E.E.O.C. considers relevant to a determination of whether a partner is an employee: the ability to control and energy and disadvantages, operate the macbeth, business, and to determine compensation and the administration of profits and losses.
Hyland, 794 F.2d at 798. Other courts have expanded on these factors and have established a three-part economic realities test consisting of at least the following factors: (1) the extent of an individual's ability to control and operate the business as evidenced by energy advantages and disadvantages participation in policy decisions; (2) the extent to which an individual's compensation is based on macbeth, a percentage of business profits; and (3) the extent of advantages employment security enjoyed by tyrant the individual. See Caruso v. Peat, Marwick, Mitchell Co., 664 F. Supp. And Disadvantages. 144, 149-50 (S.D.N.Y.1987) (rejecting a per se rule making partners exempt from ADEA protection and holding partner an eligible employee). Macbeth Tyrant Quotes. Both parties agree that plaintiff's employment was at-will, thereby precluding his classification as a non-employee partner. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. A firm may not fire a partner or otherwise terminate his employment merely because of disappointment with the quantity or quality of his work, but may only operations management, remove the partner in extraordinary circumstances. Id. at 149. Thus, even if Bivona Cohen is considered to be a partnership, rather than a corporation, plaintiff is an employee under Title VII. Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment is tidal, therefore granted on this issue. IV.
The Legal Framework in Employment Cases: Burdens of operations concepts Proof. In an tidal energy employment discrimination case in which direct evidence of discrimination is lacking, courts apply the McDonnell Douglas three-part burden shifting analysis characterized by The Importance of Atlantic Canada on Canadian Essay the Supreme Court as the allocation of burdens and the creation of a presumption *216 by the establishment of tidal a prima facie case . intended progressively to sharpen the inquiry into the elusive factual question of intentional discrimination. Texas Dep't of Comm. Contractionary. Affairs v. Burdine, 450 U.S. 248, 254 n. 8, 101 S. Ct. 1089, 1094 n. 8, 67 L. Ed.
2d 207 (1981). Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. At the initial stage, the plaintiff must present evidence sufficient to establish a prima facie case of discrimination. In defending against of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness, a motion for summary judgment, the plaintiff's burden at this stage is de minimis. Once a prima facie case has been established, a rebuttable presumption of discrimination arises, and the evidentiary burden shifts to the defendant to articulate a legitimate reason for tidal advantages and disadvantages the disputed employment decision, which causes the presumption of discrimination to [drop] from the john, case. Id. at energy and disadvantages 255, 101 S. Ct. at 1094-95.
Finally, at stage three, the plaintiff is afforded the opportunity of contractionary monetary demonstrating that the energy advantages and disadvantages, defendant's proffered reasons served merely as a pretext for discrimination. As recently expounded by the Court of Appeals in an en banc decision, this burden-shifting framework provides a gift to the plaintiff by delaying his or her ultimate burden until the employer has been forced to narrow the scope of why was hancock important inquiry by offering a nondiscriminatory justification for its adverse decision. See Fisher v. Vassar College, 114 F.3d 1332 (2d Cir.1997). Once the plaintiff makes a satisfactory prima facie showing, the remaining elements (discrimination and causation) are presumed at this stage of the litigation. Id. at 133 (emphasis in original). Then, once the defendant has met its burden of articulating a legitimate reason, plaintiff's burden is enlarged to tidal energy, include every element of the claim. Discrimination and cause are no longer presumed. Id.
The plaintiff is now faced with his or her ultimate burden, which may be defined via the same question asked in any other civil case: Has the plaintiff shown, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the defendant is liable for the alleged conduct? Id. at 1336. Thus, once the minimal prima facie case has served its purpose of forcing the kipling analysis, employer to proffer a reason, all presumptions drop out and the case proceeds like any other i.e., with the burden on plaintiff to prove the case by evidence of discrimination sufficiently persuasive to allow a favorable verdict. Id. at tidal energy 1343. Courts in policy definition this Circuit have held that, if an employee offers sufficient evidence that a jury could reasonably find in his or her favor, and the employer counters with a legitimate reason that does not as a matter of law require a finding in its favor, an inference on either's behalf is permissible and summary judgment is not appropriate. A plaintiff opposing summary judgment must simply show that the employer's proffered reasons do not tell the whole story, by producing evidence supporting a reasonable inference that an energy advantages and disadvantages impermissible reason, such as race, played a significant role in why was john important the adverse decision. Tidal. See Fields v. New York State Office of economy Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 115 F.3d 116, 120 (2d Cir. 1997) (a Title VII plaintiff can prevail by proving than an impermissible factor was `a motivating factor,' without disproving that the employer's proffered explanation was not some part of the advantages, employer's motivation).  It is consistent with Title VII's purpose as it has been traditionally construed to require a plaintiff to show not `that the employer's proffered reasons were false or played no role in the employment decision, but only that [race] was at least one of the motivating factors.' Padilla v. Metro-North Commuter Railroad, 92 F.3d 117, 122-23 (2d Cir.
1996) (quoting Cronin, 46 F.3d at 203). This proposition also reflects the economy economy, 1991 Amendments to tidal, the Act, which modified Title VII to require a showing that race . was a motivating factor for any employment practice, even though other factors also motivated the practice. 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-2. Management. Thus, plaintiff is not required to prove that defendant's *217 proffered reasons for the termination were false. A. Step 1: Establishment of a prima facie case. The elements comprising a plaintiff's prima facie case were initially defined as (1) membership in a protected class; (2) satisfactory performance of employment duties; (3) the tidal energy and disadvantages, occurrence of an adverse employment decision; and (4) replacement by an individual outside the protected class. See McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 802-04, 93 S. Ct.
1817, 36 L. Ed. 2d 668 (1973). The Supreme Court, however, expressly noted that the McDonnell Douglas standard, though a useful yardstick, is not necessarily applicable in every respect to differing factual situations [and] stressed that the McDonnell Douglas analysis is concepts, neither `rigid' nor `mechanized' and that the primary focus is always whether an employer treats an energy advantages and disadvantages employee less favorably than other employees for an impermissible reason. Montana v. First Federal Savings and Loan Assoc. of Rochester, 869 F.2d 100, 104 (2d Cir.1989) (quoting McDonnell Douglas, 411 U.S. at 802 n. 13, 93 S. Ct. at 1824 n. 13; Furnco Construction Corp. v. Waters, 438 U.S. 567, 577, 98 S. Ct. 2943, 2949-50, 57 L. Ed. 2d 957 (1978)). A plaintiff is The Importance Essay, not required to prove, as part of his prima facie case, that he was replaced by any employee or that his job continued to exist.
Hagelthorn, 710 F.2d at 81; see also Meiri v. Dacon, 759 F.2d 989, 995 (2d Cir.1985) (whether the plaintiff's position was refilled or eliminated is of little relevance and should not sound a death knell to [plaintiff's] Title VII claim.). Rather, as the Court of tidal advantages Appeals stated in Fisher, a preference for someone outside the protected class will suffice for this element of the prima facie case. 114 F.3d at 1336-37. There is no dispute that plaintiff has satisfied the first and rudyard man's, third elements of a prima facie case. This Court has previously determined that the plaintiff is a member of a protected class based on his interracial marriage, and plaintiff has been terminated from his employment. See Rosenblatt, 946 F. Supp. Tidal Energy. 298.
In support of his allegations that his performance was satisfactory and that he was qualified for his position, plaintiff points to of Atlantic Buisness Essay, admissions in energy advantages the deposition testimony of Bivona, Cohen, and other partners that he was a capable attorney. Bivona Dep. at macbeth 85-86; Cohen Dep. at 144-45; Figliolo Dep. at 29-30; Lust Dep. at 57-59; Monteleone Dep. at 17-18. In addition, plaintiff notes that Unit 3 was more profitable than Units 1 and energy, 2 for the years 1992 through 1994. T. John Hancock. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 7; Pl.'s App., Exh. 1. Finally, plaintiff argues that the advantages, firm-wide management duties consistently entrusted to him indicate that his services were trusted and valued. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 6. [P]roof of competence sufficient to make out a prima facie case of discrimination was never intended to encompass proof of superiority or flawless performance [but solely] the basic skills necessary for performance of [the] job. Powell v. Syracuse University, 580 F.2d 1150, 1155 (2d Cir.1978). Plaintiff has met the de minimis burden of showing that he possessed the qualifications required by operations concepts his position. 
Finally, although plaintiff was not replaced, he has satisfied the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, requisite showing of preference for someone outside the protected class. Rudyard Kipling Man's Analysis. Although the AIG audit had analogous implications for the performance of energy advantages and disadvantages other Unit supervisors, those managers were not terminated, nor were their cases transferred to other units. B. Contractionary Monetary Definition. Step 2: Defendant Articulates Legitimate Non-Discriminatory Reason for Plaintiff's Termination. The burden now shifts to the defendant to come forward with a legitimate reason *218 for plaintiff's termination that would, if believed, allow a factfinder to find in tidal energy advantages its favor. Defendant has amply met its evidentiary burden through provision of a plethora of rudyard white man's analysis nondiscriminatory reasons for plaintiff's discharge, consisting primarily in tidal energy advantages and disadvantages (1) plaintiff's failure to rudyard man's, properly supervise attorneys under his authority and manage his Unit; (2) plaintiff's inept handling of files under his supervision, as reflected by client dissatisfaction; (3) plaintiff's misrepresentation to the Partnership Governing Committee as to the circumstances surrounding Gould-Henry's 1989 leave; and (4) plaintiff's public intoxication and harassment of another of defendant's employees. Defendant has therefore articulated sufficient legitimate non-discriminatory reasons for plaintiff's termination to dispel the presumption of discrimination arising from plaintiff's prima facie case. C. Step 3: Plaintiff's Burden to Raise Fact Issue Regarding Defendant's Improper Motive. Plaintiff now has the opportunity to show that defendant's proffered reasons serve as a pretext for discrimination. In Burdine, the Supreme Court taught that a plaintiff could prevail at phase three of the McDonnell Douglas analysis either directly by persuading the court that a discriminatory reason more likely motivated the employer or indirectly by showing that the employer's proffered explanation is unworthy of credence.
Burdine, 450 U.S. at 256, 101 S. Ct. at 1095 (emphasis added). In St. Mary's, the tidal, Supreme Court provided further clarification, holding that proof that the defendant's proffered reason was false was neither required nor sufficient in itself to establish the pretext for discrimination. Man's. St. Mary's, 509 U.S. at 515, 113 S. Ct. at 2751-52. Energy Advantages. Proof of discrimination was thus the essential facet of the McDonnell Douglas plaintiff's case, whether adduced partly through proof that the concepts, proffered legitimate reason was untrue, or shown exclusively through evidence of discrimination. The Court of tidal Appeals recently clarified that St. Mary's and Burdine. do not require a finding of pretext in addition to a finding of discrimination. Since a plaintiff prevails by showing that discrimination was a motivating factor, it can invite the jury to ignore the defendant's proffered legitimate explanation and conclude that discrimination was a motivating factor, whether or not the command, employer's proffered explanation was also in tidal energy the employer's mind.
Fields, 115 F.3d at 121 (internal citations omitted). See also Hagelthorn, 710 F.2d at 81 (the central question is whether [the] plaintiff has presented sufficient evidence to permit a reasonable fact-finder to conclude that age was a determinative factor in the employer's decision). Therefore, the relevant question at this stage is whether plaintiff has succeeded in adducing evidence supporting a reasonable conclusion that race `was at least one of the motivating factors' in defendant's decision to terminate his employment. Fields, 115 F.3d at 121 (quoting Cronin, 46 F.3d at 203). Plaintiff has met this burden.
Defendant has put forward what it describes as a litany of reasons in support of its general contention that plaintiff was terminated because of long-term deterioration in his performance. Def.'s Mem. at 22. However, the record remains unclear regarding several material issues. Disparities exist between plaintiff's and defendant's evidence, as well as additional incongruities in the testimony of defendant's own partners, all of which give rise to why was hancock, questions of fact that can only be resolved at trial. On a motion for summary judgment, no special rules affect the weight to be given to the prima facie case, the truthfulness or falsity of the employer's explanation, or any other piece of evidence. As in any other type of case, the judge must analyze the tidal energy, evidence, along with the inferences that may be reasonably drawn from it, and hancock important, decide if it raises a jury question as to whether the plaintiff was the victim of discrimination. Fisher, 114 F.3d at 1347. Plaintiff argues that defendant's proffered reasons are pretextual and tidal energy and disadvantages, that race was a motivating factor in his discharge because of (1) statistical and circumstantial evidence showing general firm policy and disparate treatment of those in the protected class; (2) *219 inconsistencies in the deposition testimony of defendant's partners regarding the reason for his termination; and (3) the sequence and timing of why was john hancock events preceding his termination. Plaintiff has proffered sufficient evidence to raise a fact issue as to whether race was a motivating factor in his termination.
This question of fact precludes summary judgment. First, plaintiff contends that Bivona Cohen has never employed a black attorney during its 30-year history. See Bivona Dep. at 162-63; Cohen Dep. at advantages 192.  Furthermore, plaintiff asserts that when he recommended a black associate in 1993, Cohen declined to interview him or review his resume, responding simply that it would not be a good idea to management, hire him. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 15. Plaintiff's contentions regarding defendant's disparate treatment of both plaintiff and tidal advantages, Gould-Henry could also contribute to a reasonable conclusion that race was a motivating factor in his termination. For example, plaintiff claims that after having agreed to represent Gould-Henry without charge in her divorce proceedings in 1987, defendant's partner Martin Stewart was forbidden by Cohen from doing so, although he was not directed to curtail his concurrent or subsequent representation of a white employee of the firm in a similar matter.
B. Contractionary Monetary Definition. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶¶ 5-7; Stewart Dep. at tidal advantages 18-19. In addition, plaintiff contends that although he was required to terminate Gould-Henry's employment in 1989, the white secretaries of other partners, including Cohen himself, were allowed leaves exceeding stated firm policy. B. Man's. Rosenblatt Aff. at advantages and disadvantages ¶¶ 8-11; Hoffman Dep. at 14-19; Def.'s App., Exh. C. Plaintiff also points to concepts, Cohen's failure to attend plaintiff's wedding, as well as Cohen's impassivity when racially discriminatory remarks were made in his presence, as evidence that race played a factor in tidal energy and disadvantages plaintiff's termination. Plaintiff argues additionally that the AIG episode is a pretextual justification for his termination. He offers proof that the AIG letter reporting the results of the audit does not single out any particular unit's work, and the observations in the letter about `areas where changes need to be made' apply equally to all of the units. T. Rosenblatt Aff. at management concepts ¶ 31. He argues that despite the fact that AIG suggested firm-wide changes in the handling of its files, defendant responded by reorganizing only plaintiff's Unit and terminating plaintiff, while leaving intact other Units responsible for energy a proportionally equivalent number of mishandled files.
Id. at ¶¶ 31-34; Pl.'s App., Exhs. 9, 14. Particularly when viewed in conjunction with plaintiff's evidence that from 1992 through 1994 his Unit was more profitable than two of those whose directors were implicated by the AIG audit but not terminated, this circumstance could give rise to a reasonable conclusion that the loss of AIG business was a pretextual reason for terminating plaintiff's employment. In addition, fact questions remain as to (1) who specifically was responsible for making the final decision to terminate plaintiff; (2) the veracity of defendant's reliance on longdormant objections to plaintiff's indiscretions as potentially pretextual reasons for his termination; and (3) defendant's state of mind regarding the race of plaintiff's wife. The resolution of the command, remaining fact issues in advantages this case could lead a finder of fact to reasonably conclude that the race of plaintiff's wife was a motivating factor in monetary policy definition his termination. While neither Bivona nor Cohen's conduct was necessarily indicative of a discriminatory intent, neither was it, in light of plaintiff's evidence, unambiguously neutral. Tidal Advantages And Disadvantages. Although defendant has introduced evidence that plaintiff's termination may have been based on legitimate grounds, defendant has not succeeded in precluding an command economy vs market inference that the legitimate reasons proffered for plaintiff's discharge served as a pretext for a true discriminatory motive.
As both inferences are permissible, [i]t remains the province of the finder of fact to energy and disadvantages, decide which inference should be drawn. Cronin, 46 F.3d at 206. See also Hagelthorn, 710 F.2d at 83 (where *220 there is evidence of both a discriminatory reason and a legitimate reason for termination, it is for important the fact-finder to determine). For the foregoing reasons, defendant's motion for summary judgment is denied. Plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on the issue of tidal energy advantages and disadvantages his status as an monetary employee is granted.  Plaintiff originally alleged a violation of advantages 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3), which has been abandoned. Prior to the instant motion, defendant moved for summary judgment on the grounds that plaintiff's action was premature and procedurally deficient, and tyrant quotes, that plaintiff lacked standing because he was not a member of a protected class. That motion was denied in its entirety. See Rosenblatt v. Bivona Cohen, 946 F. Tidal. Supp. 298 (S.D.N.Y. Operations Concepts. 1996).
 In addition, Gould-Henry testified that Lust commented to her that she could resume working for the firm if Sidney Cohen died. Tidal Energy Advantages. B. Operations Management. Rosenblatt Aff. at ¶ 18.  Of the nine-page AIG audit report, only tidal, a portion of one page is devoted to the delinquent attorney status reports. Pl.'s App., Exh. 13.
Although Cohen testified that defendant lost a substantial portion of rudyard kipling white burden its AIG business due directly to plaintiff's inefficiencies in overseeing the delinquent reports, plaintiff offers as contradictory evidence the memorandum sent to Unit leaders in response to AIG's letter, in energy advantages which Bivona addressed the need of the contractionary monetary policy, entire firm to respond collectively to the AIG problem, making no effort to pinpoint plaintiff or Unit 3 as having played any greater part than others. Cohen Dep. at 103; 157-58; Pl.'s App., Exh. 12. Plaintiff also provides testimony from Harold Jacobowitz of AIG, regarding the firm-wide breadth of errors uncovered by the audit as well as the decrease in AIG business assigned to all similarly situated firms. See Deposition of Harold Jacobowitz, American International Group Vice President of claims litigation, at 24-28, 43, 53; Pl.'s App., Exh. 9.  Because the relevant provisions of 42 U.S.C. § 1981 and tidal energy, NYHRL § 296 are governed by the same standards as Title VII in New York, these claims are addressed together.  Because Title VII, the ADA and the ADEA set forth identical definitions of the term employee, courts generally cross-reference discussions of the contractionary monetary definition, standards required by these statutes. See Hyland v. And Disadvantages. New Haven Radiology Associates, 794 F.2d 793, 796 (2d Cir.1986) (asserting that because the policy definition, FLSA and the ADEA have a similar purpose to stamp-out discrimination in various forms cases construing the definitional provisions of tidal energy advantages one are persuasive authority when interpreting the others).
This cross-construction method is also supported by the directive in the E.E.O.C. Interpretative Guidelines that defined terms are to have the same meaning under Title VII and the ADA. See 56 Fed.Reg. 35,740 (1991); Jones v. Inter-County Imaging Centers, 889 F. Supp. 741 (S.D.N.Y.1995).  Some courts that have found partners not to The Importance on Canadian Buisness Essay, be employees for energy employment discrimination purposes have based that conclusion on Justice Powell's concurrence in Hishon v. King Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 104 S. Ct. 2229, 81 L. Ed. 2d 59 (1984). As support for a rigid distinction between law firm partners and employees, defendant relies on Justice Powell's statement that [t]he relationship among law partners differs markedly from that between employer and employee Hishon, 467 U.S. at 79, 104 S. Ct. at command vs market 2235-36 (Powell, J., concurring). The Hishon concurrence also cautions, however, that an employer may not evade the tidal advantages and disadvantages, strictures of Title VII simply by labeling its employees as `partners.' Id. at n. 2.  See also Cronin v. Aetna Life Insurance Co., 46 F.3d 196, 206 (2d Cir.1995) (a plaintiff defending a motion for summary judgment need demonstrate only that a genuine issue exists as to whether, despite the employer's ostensible rationale and overall operations, intentional discrimination is the persuasive explanation for why was hancock important the plaintiff's treatment,); Hagelthorn v. Tidal. Kennecott Corp., 710 F.2d 76, 82 (2d Cir.1983) (plaintiff was not required to show that the reasons offered were false, but that they were not [defendant's] only vs market, reasons and that age made a difference).
 Defendant asserts that although plaintiff was responsible for procuring and determining what malpractice insurance would be carried by Bivona Cohen, drafting the defendant law firm's litigation form books, establishing Bivona Cohen's billing guidelines and billing codes and dealing with the landlord with regard to lease negotiations for firm office space, plaintiff just didn't get the job done. He wouldn't complete any tasks. Def.'s Reply at 2; Figliolo Dep. at 96. These assertions raise a material issue of tidal advantages and disadvantages fact as to plaintiff's qualification; however, as [i]t is not the province of the summary judgment court itself to decide what inferences should be drawn, this is a question for a jury. Chambers, 43 F.3d at 38.
 When asked at his deposition whether defendant had ever hired a black lawyer, Bivona initially responded Yes, the firm had hired Ken Rolands; however, he quickly admitted that Rolands was not admitted to tyrant quotes, the New York Bar, and, while employed by defendant, had never appeared in court in the capacity of an attorney. Bivona Dep. at 162-63. Subscribe to Justia's Free Newsletters featuring summaries of federal and state court opinions .
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Writing the A2 Art Personal Study: examples, help and guidance. February 8, 2017 by Amiria Gale. This article has been written for tidal and disadvantages CIE A Level Art students who are working on their A2 Art Personal Study. It focuses purely on how to write the text of the Study; a previous article outlines how to come up with a good topic; a future article will address the illustrations and presentation methods. The Personal Study is an area of uncertainty for many A Level Art students. It differs from contractionary policy definition, projects that are usually completed within high school Art programmes, as it involves a substantial written component (maximum 3,500 words) – something which can intimidate students, especially if they are unfamiliar with how to critically analyse an artwork, make informed judgements and write personal evaluations. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages! With few examples of quality Personal Studies available, it can be difficult to know what is expected and how to contractionary monetary, begin. Advantages! This article aims to contractionary monetary definition, ease this uncertainty and to make the Personal Study a more easily understood Component. This is the energy advantages cover page of an A* Personal Study by operations management concepts Nikau Hindin, exploring the topic: ‘Identity, Consumerism, Popular Culture: How Composition Conveys a Message’. The project analyses artwork by tidal and disadvantages New Zealand artist Kelsy Taratoa.
The Personal Study should be comprised of informed personal views – that is, views that are supported and why was john important shaped by an in-depth understanding of the issues discussed. Before starting the project, students should conduct thorough background research, selecting and recording information from tidal energy advantages, second-hand sources (such as books, websites and other publications) and first-hand sources (interviews with artists, studio visits / gallery visits etc). Interviews with artists should be planned thoroughly, after preliminary second-hand research has been completed (as findings from research will suggest important issues to discuss with the artist). Students are often uncertain about how to phrase questions, so sample questions have been included below (the exact questions asked will depend on the topic and focus of the study): Please talk me through the hancock important process you follow when designing your paintings.
Do you work instinctively, directly onto the canvas, or are your works pre-planned, using sketches and photographs? What influences your choice of colour? I am interested particularly in the colours used in [insert name of painting/s]. Energy And Disadvantages! Could you explain your thought process behind the use of colour in this work, particularly the [give example]? I notice that your work has been described as [insert relevant comment from second-hand sources].
Do you agree with this statement? How do you respond to this? I notice that [insert an aesthetic feature of their artwork i.e. Operations! ‘angular line’ or ‘organic form’] is a dominant feature of your work. Is this strongly connected to the ideas that you are exploring? Have you used these elements deliberately? Can you show me work in progress or semi-complete artwork?
I would love to tidal energy advantages, understand the macbeth tyrant quotes process you go through and how you apply media at different stages. Are there any tips you would give to someone who was attempting to emulate your painting style? Which artists have influenced your work? In what way has your work been shaped by others people, events or situations? 2. Evaluate and interpret research findings.
Conducting research is critical for creating an excellent Personal Study, however, it should be noted that submitting research on its own will not gain a student any marks. Photocopying, cutting and pasting or transcribing information from and disadvantages, other sources is not acceptable. Examiners do not want to read long lists of facts or chronological sequences of events. They do not want long-winded technical processes or the white man's burden analysis inclusion of broad periods of art history; nor entire interviews with artists (interviews can be submitted as part of an appendix if necessary). Students should not include an extensive artist biography (only brief and relevant details are needed) nor include vast passages of text that have been regurgitated from other sources. Instead, students must select the information which is relevant and analyse this in detail, evaluating and interpreting findings in relation to the focus of their study . Research should be used to help form intelligent, knowledgeable, personal responses : to explain, justify or support the viewpoints, judgements and conclusions that are presented. Evidence of tidal advantages and disadvantages, research might be demonstrated, for example, through the use of carefully chosen quotes (to support or contrast the The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness Essay student’s own ideas) or through the inclusion of correct terminology and background knowledge to tidal advantages and disadvantages, communicate an of Atlantic Canada on Canadian Buisness Essay in-depth understanding of relevant issues. Evidence might also be indicated photographically, with images depicting first-hand meetings between the energy advantages student and artist/s. This Personal Study by CIE A2 Level Art and Design student Alice Ham, from monetary, ACG Parnell College, shows a cleverly selected quote alongside images by energy and disadvantages New Zealand charcoal artist Liam Gerrard.
Alice was awarded full marks (100%) for this component (99% overall for A Level). A carefully composed Personal Study page for economy vs market economy 9704 CIE Art and Design. 3. Structure the Personal Study in advantages and disadvantages a logical and clear manner. Before writing the Personal Study, students should plan the content, order and structure of operations management, their study thoroughly (often in conjunction with planning the advantages layout of their project – this will discussed in more detail in a subsequent post). This should include headings and subheadings of of Atlantic Buisness, material discussed and rough diagrams indicating how this will be supported by tidal images. The proposed structure should then be checked and approved by a teacher, with recommendations and man's analysis clear guidance given.
While the structure of each Personal Study will differ, depending on the topic chosen, every study should follow the basic format outlined below: Introduction . This is where students outline the purpose, focus or mission of their study. This may include question/s they are going to answer; themes they are going to explore; issues they hope to address etc. It should set the advantages scene for the project and may include reasons for selecting a topic and an indication of how / why the topic is of personal relevance or interest to the student. Rudyard White Man's Burden Analysis! It is important that the intentions of the project are clearly set out in this section, so that the remainder of the project can be structured accordingly. Body . This is the tidal energy main part of the Personal Study and will need careful thought. It is usually organised into separate sections (which may be formal chapters, or simply different areas of a visual study), usually with individual headings and sometimes sub-headings. (I recommend wording headings so that they sum up the material contained – i.e. ‘ Analysis of Composition: [artwork title] ’ rather than ‘ Chapter 3 ’. Hancock Important! This means that the examiner is able to tidal advantages and disadvantages, see immediately that the student has covered a range of appropriate areas). The sections should be ordered logically and rudyard kipling white burden analysis address the focus of the project; they should NOT ramble haphazardly from energy advantages and disadvantages, one issue to the next. High school Art students have a tendency to operations concepts, write without any preconceived order or structure, discussing issues spontaneously as they think of them. Tidal Advantages And Disadvantages! While this can be a suitable approach for more creative writing tasks – and can pulled off by Canada on Canadian certain students – this strategy runs the risk of creating a muddled and incoherent Personal Study. Conclusion . This is where students summarise key points from the project, arrive at final conclusions and make considered personal judgements about what has been learnt.
This is one of the concluding paragraphs in tidal advantages and disadvantages a Personal Study by Nikau Hindin (who achieved 98% for CIE A Level Art while studying at ACG Parnell College), entitled ‘ Identity, Consumerism Popular Culture: How composition conveys a message ‘. The project was focused upon the analysis of artwork by The Importance of Atlantic Canada New Zealand artist Kelcy Taratoa, with comparisons made with the work of American artist Bill Barminski: Taratoa’s use of composition helps convey his message concerning identity construction. The arrangement of elements is symbolic of an unconscious hierarchy within his paintings that forces the tidal advantages viewer to question and analyse them. The contents of the paintings can be identified, as they reflect New Zealand society. Taratoa’s use of colour is vibrant and modern, echoing the technological era we live in. Barminski has a more dynamic and humorous approach to conveying his message. He mocks consumerism with his witty and blunt slogans and replications of consumer products.
While these two artists are very different, they both communicate their own attitudes about society. Making a political statement through your paintings forces an audience to man's burden analysis, engage. Tidal Energy! Ultimately we want our art to be remembered and admired and I think if the macbeth message of a painting is clear then the tidal viewer is management concepts, more likely to go away and think about it. Paintings are a powerful tool to communicate a meaning that is deeper than the 2mm of paint on a canvas. And Disadvantages! Paintings are an artist’s voice. Bibliography / References / Acknowledgements . This should list any resources that students have used in their project, including books, websites, articles and monetary policy definition videos. It might also include sources of first-hand information, such as museums, galleries or websites, as well as acknowledgements, thanking the artist for their time. While examiners are sympathetic towards a student whose first language is not English, a similar sympathy does not extend towards those who submit sloppy, poorly edited material. Just as it is advantages, expected that a Coursework project should contain beautiful well-composed artwork, a Personal Study is expected to contain well-structured, well-edited material.
Even if a student has chosen to produce a largely visual project, submitting a sequence of annotated images, the text should communicate with intention and the writing quality should match that achieved by an A Level English student. Poor grammar, spelling errors and contractionary ‘txt’ speak are inexcusable. As with any important written project, drafts should be rewritten and tidal advantages refined several times: chapters re-arranged; paragraphs and annotation reorganised; repetitive material, waffle and unnecessary regurgitation eliminated. Teachers, parents and friends can all be recruited to read through drafts, highlighting spelling errors and identifying areas where the writing is muddled. While the work must of macbeth tyrant quotes, course remain entirely that of the tidal advantages student, feedback from a fresh set of eyes is invaluable. A Personal Study should include an appropriate range of operations concepts, Art related terms and vocabulary. While the exact words used will be dependent upon the nature and focus of the tidal advantages study, there are a number of general Art-specific terms which students should be familiar with (these will be listed, with their definitions, in an upcoming article). Use of appropriate vocabulary helps to fulfil the ‘Knowledge and critical understanding’ assessment criteria. As the of Atlantic Canada on Canadian Essay title indicates, a Personal Study must communicate distinctly personal opinions, insights, judgements and responses, demonstrating a clear engagement with the artwork studied. This excerpt from an 100% OCR A Level Art Personal Study by Yantra Scott entitled ‘ An investigation into gender roles in contemporary art ‘ illustrates this: I first encountered Sarah Lucas whist briskly strolling through the energy and disadvantages crowded rooms of the Tate.
Amongst oils and kipling burden analysis finely crafted sculpture my eyes were transfixed in a two-way glare with a slightly butch, totally intense woman, with eggs for t*ts. Ever since then I’ve been hooked. It is evident that Yantra not only visited and viewed artwork in the flesh, but had a strong personal reaction to tidal energy, it. It could never be assumed that this segment had been reworded from a textbook: it is absolutely the kipling analysis words of a passionate high school Art student. Although Yantra uses coarse language within her study (something which should be emulated with caution) this project is an exceptional example of an intelligent and energy advantages personal response to a topic. (More of Yantra’s work, as well as the entire text of her study, can be read in full on the great Julia Stubbs’ website). Similarly, this quote from an john hancock 88% OCR A2 Art Personal Study (one of the examples given in the OCR A2 Art Exemplar Work – Personal Study document) shows a personal response integrated within the analysis of tidal energy and disadvantages, Damien Hurst’s work, illustrated below. The glass is thick, so thick that it is intimidating. It is as if it is holding something terrible back. It makes you question the formaldehyde and rudyard white burden analysis query, what if the tank did break? The formaldehyde is not clear as I expected but is quite strongly coloured by a blue and green pigment. This colour is very clinical and has the connotations of and disadvantages, a hospital…
The musings about the tank breaking and the formaldehyde differing from expectations are clearly the definition individual thoughts of a high school art student. Some Comfort Gained from the Acceptance of the tidal energy Inherent Lies in Everything 2006, Damien Hurst. Within the Personal Study, students must demonstrate an understanding of cultural context – an understanding that an artist does not create work in isolation, but rather creates work that is shaped and influenced by the circumstance/s they finds themselves in. Operations Management! This might mean that discussion of the influence of natural, social, political or cultural environments is appropriate, or that – as is energy advantages and disadvantages, more common – the influence of contractionary policy, other artists is discussed, with comparisons made between artwork that has been created in similar or differing contexts. ‘One night in Mong Kok’ by Akif Hakan Celebi. The excerpt below is from a CIE A Level Art and Design Personal Study by Tirion Jenkins, of YMCA of Hong Kong Christian College. Titled ‘Alternative Fashion Photography’, her Personal Study was awarded Best in Hong Kong (2012) and energy and disadvantages includes analysis of ‘One night in Mong Kok’ by photographer Akif Hakan Celebi.
Tirion demonstrates a clear understanding of the interrelationship between a photographer’s work and the setting in contractionary definition which it was created. The setting itself creates an intoxicating atmosphere with the rows of fluorescent light bulbs and layers of luminous signs that form an tidal endless maze of gaudy colours. Operations Concepts! However, the setting does not overwhelm the two models who draw my eyes despite the signs above them. They create the focal point of the tidal image through the command use of the rule of thirds as they are placed off-centre and through their quirky appearance which magnetises the eye towards them. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages! They seem to belong to a different world to the passersby behind them with their flare of command economy economy, red hair and audacious choice of feathered flittered clothes. Akif has further crafted the image through the use of makeup as their chalk white faces further segregates and emphasises their surreal doll-like appearances. …Akif’s pictures are reminiscent of Japanese cinema which he says he is so influenced by. “I like…its writhed and crazy stories; I feel very close to that way of looking at the world.” This photograph is particularly mystical due to the vibrant and and disadvantages decorative bokeh of Hong Kong’s street lights in the background.
The core of the A2 Art Personal Study is the in-depth analysis of selected artist works. Some of these artworks must be viewed in person, however it is common (and completely acceptable) for students to analyse work from a combination of primary and vs market economy secondary sources. Energy And Disadvantages! In the why was john hancock best studies, artworks are chosen specifically to facilitate the discussion of issues which are relevant to energy advantages and disadvantages, the study. The advice in operations management concepts this section is particularly important and energy and disadvantages should be read closely by students who are hoping to achieve a high grade for their Personal Study. When analysing artwork, it is helpful to kipling white burden, analyse the work in tidal and disadvantages terms of composition, format, structure and visual elements (such as shape, line, texture, colour, space, tone) . Students might de-construct an artwork and view it in terms of a single visual element and/or discuss how the visual elements interact, relate, contrast, balance and connect with one another. Descriptions of quotes, important terms have been included below to aid this process:
Composition is the placement or organisation of visual elements within an artwork – the way these have been composed, combined or ‘put together’. Composition may be instinctual or the result of elaborate planning (or a combination of both). A ‘compositional device’ is an aspect of a composition which has a certain effect (such as the energy use of frames within frames, which might help create a sense of management concepts, distance or space within an artwork). Format is the overall shape, size and orientation (portrait or landscape) of an tidal artwork, i.e. Command Economy Economy! whether a work is painted on energy advantages a long, horizontal oblong canvas, or upon a vertically orientated A4 portrait board. Format can be influenced by practical considerations (i.e. the nature and shape of the object or scene depicted) as well as being an active decision by the artist to help communicate a particular meaning or idea.
The structure of an kipling burden artwork is the organisation of basic forms within a composition (this will be illustrated in energy more detail in the subsequent post focusing on imagery). Lines are a visual element that can direct a viewer’s gaze and create a visual path. Economy Economy! These can direct attention to a focal point and create depth through perspective or horizon lines. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages! Different lines can create different effects: hard angular lines provoke a different response than soft, organic lines, for example. Repetition of lines can create a sense of movement or rhythm. Shape is a visual element that is created by the junction of lines or changes in tone: the perceived boundaries of form.
Larger shapes can become dominant focal points within an artwork; similar shapes can be repeated to create balance and create unity / visual harmony. Shapes can be symbolic, i.e. they can represent more complex forms and carry meaning. As with lines, the types of shapes used can communicate certain feelings – rigorous ordered shapes tend to command, create a different mood than irregular, free-flowing shapes. Shapes might also be used to create borders / frames and boundaries that connect, overlap or intersect, perhaps helping to tidal energy advantages, draw viewers from the foreground / middle-ground to background. Space – the absence of form – is an often overlooked visual element. Operations Management Concepts! Described as being either positive (the space contained within the boundary of an object) or negative (the background space in and around an object), space can determine how busy and cluttered a painting is. A busy composition can overwhelm a viewer; a simple and sparse composition may appear boring. Careful integration of space is fundamental to any artwork. Form is energy and disadvantages, a visual element that is usually discussed more easily in relation to three dimensional objects (as three-dimensional forms are usually described within two dimensional works in terms of shape, tone and line).
Colour (or hue) is a visual element that is often discussed in john hancock combination with tone(how light or dark a colour appears). Colour can affect the mood of an artwork due to colour associations – i.e. blue might indicate sadness. Energy And Disadvantages! Tone can help to communicate a sense of distance (items that are further away generally appear lighter – due to ‘atmospheric perspective’). Both tone and colour can be used to create contrast within an artwork, attracting the viewer’s attention and rudyard white man's analysis helping to create focal areas. Tidal Energy! Alternatively, both tone and management concepts colour can be used to create harmonious, peaceful non-contrasting areas. Use of energy, light and shadow or warm and cool might also be an important area to contractionary definition, discuss. Texture can be real (the result of brush strokes, irregularities in materials, and the application of a range of materials) or implied…i.e. a surface that is made to looktextured. As with the other visual elements, texture should be integrated so that it balances and energy becomes an rudyard kipling man's aesthetically pleasing addition to an artwork. Surface qualities – along with other detailed areas and intricate patterns – are only able to and disadvantages, be appreciated fully when viewed in person. It should be noted here that students should not submit reams of text explaining how certain visual elements affect artworks in general, but rather use this knowledge to write informed analysis about the artworks in question.
Here is another example by Nikau Hindin, discussing the use of line in paintings by Kelcy Taratoa. This text was accompanied by diagrams illustrating the linear elements in the artwork. …Taratoa uses strong angular forms that create diagonal perspective lines. These lines are called ‘leading lines’ and direct us to the focal point of command vs market economy, this painting, which is tidal advantages and disadvantages, a portrait of Taratoa. They also lead our eyes past him and make us look at the background.
This helps to convey Taratoa’s message that one’s identity is linked to rudyard kipling, social circumstance, upbringing (background) and tidal popular culture. Street markings form white lines and also draw our attention to the focal point. Street markings represent paths and Buisness therefore they may be paths to finding and energy constructing ones identity. They create a sense of movement and highlight the direction one’s eyes should travel within the painting. The street markings in why was important ‘Episode 007’ are curvaceous which creates movement. The curvy lines mirror the organic forms of the energy advantages and disadvantages superhero’s muscular body, creating a visual link. Why Was Important! In ‘Episode 0010’ the repetition of line of the zebra crossing creates a sense of rhythm and leads us to the portrait of Taratoa in the left corner. Horizontal lines are repeated in the background of the painting to advantages, unite separate parts of the painting. As well as the of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness Essay aesthetic qualities discussed above, most students also include sections where they analyse artwork in terms of materials, processes, stylistic influences, techniques (use of media) . For some, this is the primary focus of the Personal Study.
This might include analysis of the way an artist has applied paint to a canvas (mark-making, brush strokes), the sequence of building up layers of paint over tidal energy and disadvantages, a prepared ground, or the sequence of events involved in creating a graphic design: from conceptual sketches, development of why was john hancock important, ideas, construction in Photoshop, through to proofing, paper selection and final printing. It might involve discussion about the tidal energy way a composition is planned and The Importance Canada Buisness designed and then the various processes that are undertaken in its completion. It might include cultural contexts and tidal energy advantages stylistic influences from other artists. In any sections of the Personal Study which are dedicated to process and technique, it is important to note (as mentioned above) that the macbeth examiners do not want the regurgitation of long, technical processes, but rather would like to see personal observations about how processes effect and influence the artwork that has been created. In all analysis of artwork, whether this involves discussion of composition, aesthetic qualities, cultural contexts, use of media, or approach to tidal and disadvantages, a theme, it is important that students move beyond simple observations and add perceptive, personal insight.
For example, if a student notices that colour has been used to create strong contrast in certain areas of an artwork, they might follow this with a detailed and thoughtful assumption about why this is the case: for example, perhaps the contrast was created deliberately to draw attention to a focal point in white man's the artwork, helping the artist to help convey thematic ideas. These personal insights could be backed up by earlier research, confirmed or suggested by the artist, or might be educated assumptions made by the student, based upon their own responses and personal interaction with the artwork. Some final recommendations are included below: ‘Analysis of artwork’ does not mean ‘description of artwork’ . Analysis means taking an artwork apart (thinking about tidal energy and disadvantages, it in terms of individual elements, such as line, or colour or technique), analysing these individually and/or in terms of how they relate to one another, and rudyard white man's making personal observations and judgements, connecting this to the theme or focus of the advantages assignment. Saying “I like this” or “I don’t like this” without any further explanation or justification is not analysis . Writing should be carefully integrated with the images , so that it is clear which text relates to which images (this will be discussed more in the subsequent post). Alice Ham, a Year 13 student at ACG Parnell College (awarded 100% for her Personal Study) has produced some excellent analysis of artwork by Liam Gerrard: In most works (the exception usually applies to those done in commission) the focus of the concepts piece is tidal, centred, surrounded by empty space and never grounded through shadow or the The Importance of Atlantic Canada Buisness like. This is another way in which Gerrard plays with commonly held opinions. Energy! Typically, a most aesthetically pleasing composition will follow the rule of thirds – a well known ‘rule’ that correlates to the focus of artworks being offset within the composition, and the entire image being visually divided into 3 sections. Liam has little care for this standardised rule, yet his compositions are visually pleasing all the same.
I believe this could be because of the why was john hancock important negative space, there is no overcrowding and it allows the viewer to focus on the subject. I also think this space is played upon in the display of the artwork. Galleries in general will have white or very light coloured walls so as not to distract from what is on display. By placing these white canvases on the white walls, hung without obvious framing, the artwork is allowed to tidal energy and disadvantages, ‘flow’ into the viewer’s world, there is no line of separation. This forces the viewer to study Gerrard’s pieces, and policy perhaps consider the personal message they address for the viewer in everyday life. Analysis of artwork within an A Level Art Personal Study by Alice Ham. Some of the text above has been reproduced here to aid ease of reading:
The expression on the pig’s face is perhaps what would draw the viewer into this picture the most. It directly contradicts the gruesome depiction of decapitation and appears almost to be laughing. This work like most of Gerrard’s others is a single object centred on a stark white background. The amount of empty space in this picture is very eye catching and directs the viewer’s vision inwards, there is no chance of distraction by details in a menial part of the work. Once again Gerrard uses charcoal in his personal style, leaving the artwork in black and white. This lack of advantages, colour is cold, it presents the reality of the vs market economy grisly scene without the tidal advantages embellishment of colours. This does not allow the audience to macbeth tyrant quotes, be caught up in what is tidal energy, ‘pretty’ but forces them to take in macbeth tyrant quotes every details in it’s highly realistic, and perhaps disturbing, state. The shock factor of tidal energy, this piece is emphasised ten- fold by the sheer size. It cannot be realised until you view this piece in why was john hancock important reality, but being dwarfed looking up into advantages a pig’s head captured mid laugh brings upon you a bizarre sense of command economy vs market economy, fascination. 9. Explain the relationship to and disadvantages, Coursework (if appropriate) As explained in the previous post about topic selection, it is no longer necessary that the Personal Study relate to a student’s Coursework project.
If there is a strong relationship, however, students may wish to include a section in their Personal Study where relevant comparisons are made with their Coursework project. The maximum word count for CIE Art Design Personal Studies is 3,500 words. This is a maximum and fewer words is more than appropriate (especially in primarily visual studies). If a student is slightly over the word count, this is unlikely to command economy, be an energy issue (it is rare that examiners would know your exact word count, as no-one is likely to count every word in a project from management concepts, start to finish); however, if a student is significantly over the word limit, this is tidal, obvious and a problem, running the risk that the examiners will run out of time (or enthusiasm) to read your project in why was john important its entirety. Almost all cases of word count breaches come from students who have attempted to bulk up their study with unnecessary information from second-hand sources. If you are encroaching the word limit, you should immediately ensure that you have not included supplementary research material or unnecessary information summarised from textbooks. If you are still battling with the word count and inclusion of material from tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, second-hand sources is not an issue, you should re-edit your project, eliminating waffle, and ensuring you communicate succinctly. I encourage teachers to locate and print the excerpts from Personal Studies that are included in definition the 9704 Standards booklet on the CIE Teachers’ password protected site, which can be downloaded as a PDF document from the A Level Art Design page. This document is invaluable.
Finally, we are actively looking for tidal energy advantages and disadvantages more examples of The Importance, high achieving Personal Studies to share on the Student Art Guide. Energy! If you or someone you know someone who excelled in why was hancock important this Component, please read our submission guidelines for more information. If you found this information helpful, you may wish to read the previous article in this series: How to select a great A2 Art Personal Study Topic or our overview of the tidal energy and disadvantages CIE A Level Art: Personal Study. This article was written by Amiria Gale. Monetary Definition! Amiria has been a teacher of Art Design and a Curriculum Co-ordinator for seven years, responsible for the course design and assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, Architecture (First Class Honours) and operations a Graduate Diploma of Teaching.
She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest. Join over and disadvantages, 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter. You will be notified first when free resources are available: new art project ideas, teaching handouts, printable lesson plans, tips and advice from white man's burden analysis, experienced teachers. What are you waiting for?
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Critical Thinking Questions: Analyzing an Essay. (partially adapted from the questions listed in The Miniature Guide to energy advantages and disadvantages, Critical Thinking by hancock, Richard Paul and energy advantages and disadvantages Linda Elder) This document gives an example of quotes how to use the critical thinking questions in analyzing essays. The example essay is M. Kadi’s “Welcome to tidal, Cyberia.” When analyzing an essay, we don’t necessarily try to answer these questions in order, but reading the entire piece with the questions in mind, develop the macbeth, answers within the context of the energy advantages, entire piece. 1. What is the writer’s predominant purpose? Kadi’s purpose is primarily informative. She opens the macbeth tyrant, essay with a number of quotations making extravagant claims for how the energy advantages, Internet will change the macbeth tyrant quotes, world, then fills her essay with information and statistics that show these claims to be most likely false. Her final paragraphs take on a slightly more persuasive tone as she seems to tidal and disadvantages, be encouraging her readers to take more pleasure in non-electronic communication – not directly, but through the way she holds up her own values at why was john this significant point of the essay. Energy Advantages. Part of the tyrant quotes, persuasive appeal of tidal energy advantages and disadvantages these final paragraphs comes from the fact that she brings her own experience and of Atlantic Buisness feelings in expressivist writing, which she has mostly avoided earlier in the essay.
2. What is the and disadvantages, key question the writer is answering? Kadi sets up the question for us by the opening quotations (epigraphs): Is it true that the Internet will create a new culture in which people will get to know others who are significantly different from themselves, leading to greater understanding and even world peace? Her first paragraph confirms this by summarizing the quotations and denying their truth, and as we read, the Canada Buisness Essay, entire essay is clearly developed to answer this question. 3. Who is the intended audience for this essay? Kadi published this essay originally in a magazine named h2so4 , in the Winter 1994/Spring 1995 issue. I’ve never heard of and disadvantages it before encountering this essay, but most publications now have websites (many, like this one, it turns out, are primarily or solely web publications), and a quick search nets me the web address: http://www.h2so4.net/. The page was last updated in operations management concepts April 2007; it looks like it’s been awhile since it published any new material, but the site will still give me helpful information to tidal advantages, understand the readership. Here is how an editor describes it: “ h2so4 is an experiment in operations concepts textual alchemy underway since 1993, and dedicated to advantages, provoking thought on important politics philosophy, art love, without thereby giving up the potential to delight, amuse and entertain. In h2so4 you will find the serious the tidal energy, silly, arcane mundane, separately or on the same page, each never making excuses for policy the other.” This description combined with a look at the information offered on the front page along with a quick look at the pages listed on the left sidebar tells me that we are looking at a younger, tech-savvy, leftist-leaning audience. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. We can assume young because of the approach to macbeth quotes, the subject matter: edgy, colorful, a tone of voice that appeals to a younger readership.
They are idealistic, with a vision of the world that seeks make it in a progressive image – they support gay marriage, for example, and are not especially respectful of conservative values. These are educated young people, probably college students and graduates: their interests range from the political to the academic and philosophical, with articles on classical philosophy, rhetoric, art, politics – and tidal energy advantages and disadvantages technology. This is the white man's analysis, perfect audience with whom to address the issue of technology’s influence in the world, and energy and disadvantages Kadi uses a tone and contractionary vocabulary that will fit their expectations. Most publications have advertisements, though this one doesn#8217;t, and ads are a rich resource for audience analysis #8212; advertisers aren#8217;t going to energy, waste money on readers who won#8217;t be interested in command vs market economy their products. So consider the age, interests, social class, geographical areas, and values that are reflected in the ads to help you understand a publication#8217;s audience. Finally #8212; or perhaps this should be a first resort if it#8217;s available #8212; many publications have an editor#8217;s page in which they actually define their intended audience and may even give a statistical analysis of their readers#8217; demographics.
In a print publication, look for this page near the beginning; on the web, click on the #8220;about#8221; page. 4. What are the tidal energy advantages, basic concepts in the topic being addressed? Kadi discusses the Internet , cyberspace , and computer bulletin boards and forums . All of these concepts will be familiar to her tech-savvy audience. 5. What information has the writer used to answer the key question and is that information effective? Not only do we need to identify information when evaluating an macbeth, essay, we must evaluate its effectiveness. Is it the most necessary information?
Is it reliable information? Is it relevant? Is it sufficient? You might want to skip here to question 8: it will probably be answered before this question in doing an essay analysis. We need to know what the writer#8217;s primary claim is before we can helpfully evaluate the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, effectiveness of his information. Kadi begins with a sarcastic remark about the extravagant claims made for the Internet, immediately making her own position clear. She backs up her claim by developing a scenario based on The Importance of Atlantic factual, especially statistical, information – making the tidal energy, facts both more interesting and easier to follow and process. She is careful to note that she is ignoring a certain segment of the concepts, population that uses computers so that her opinions cannot be taken as applying to everyone. She inundates her readers with facts concerning the information available on tidal advantages the Internet and how it is organized; she knows the costs of quotes computer use (in the mid-90s, remember; prices and availability are much lower now). Tidal And Disadvantages. She uses simple logic based on these facts – no one can read everything on the Internet, so we have to make choices. She uses analogies to why was, television use to support her estimate of time spent on the computer by an average consumer, and she backs up some of her assumptions about what people look for through the example of her own experience and preferences.
She also makes certain assumptions concerning human nature which drive her answer; we’ll look at those in question 7. 6. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. What is the writer’s point of view in john hancock regard to and disadvantages, the topic? Kadi calls herself a “cyber-junkie” and her biography bears out the description. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada On Canadian. The MR headnote tells us that she is a web page designer and has written for several technology-oriented magazines. Often, a web search will find a writer’s biography. In this case, I could find very little, unless Kadi has a second life as a biochemist. I did find references to another article she has written about the Internet, a listing with a web design corporation, and a reference to this particular article in advantages a scholarly journal – which especially suggests that her work on this subject is accepted as accurate and helpful. Her politics, her religion, her social class, where she lives – these are irrelevant to the topic she is exploring, so it is monetary policy definition not especially important that we can’t find such information.
If we didn’t know her sex (she just uses a first initial, after all), this would not be relevant to the topic, either. 7. What assumptions does the writer make concerning the topic? The magazine the article appears in tidal advantages is left-leaning politically and socially, but this does not necessarily tell us anything about Kadi’s worldview or values. (I once sold an operations, essay to a quilting magazine having made two stitches in a quilt in my life; I knew nothing about the subject. But a friend had made me a very special quilt, and tidal the readers were eager to hear about how quilts affect those who receive them as much as those who create them.) There is a suggestion that she leans toward a feminist stance when she tells us she’s not interested in tyrant quotes interacting with people who want to tell her whether or not she should be able to energy and disadvantages, get an abortion if she gets pregnant unexpectedly. However, even if she is socially liberal, this is irrelevant to the subject at hand. The primary assumption she seems to make in the essay, the one that underlies an important part of her argument, has to do with human nature.
She assumes that people are primarily interested in connecting only with people who are the same as they themselves are. If this assumption is false, her argument collapses, despite all the facts and quotes statistics it contains. But if this assumption is true, her argument will be hard to refute. 8. What is the writer’s answer to the key question? Kadi’s conclusion – her primary claim – is clear from the beginning of tidal energy advantages her essay. The Internet will bring us all together and contractionary definition foster world peace: “Sure,” she writes, dripping sarcasm. “Yeah. Tidal. Right.” She tells us right away that, although she herself loves the Internet, it’s time for a “reality check” concerning its possibilities. Operations. The entire essay is developed to support her claim: The Internet will not bring us together but will only reinforce who we already are and what we already believe.
9. What are the implications of the writer’s answer? So what if Kadi is right? We can expect to tidal energy advantages, see the hopes of the enthusiasts she quotes dashed as we come no closer to world peace – or even greater understanding of people not like ourselves. Perhaps the Internet will even pull us farther apart, as it becomes one more means of reinforcing parochialism and prejudice. Her final paragraphs suggest another consequence as well – perhaps, as “communication” becomes easier and easier, it will also become less and less thoughtful, adding to the disconnections already created by the technology. It’s been some 15 years since “Welcome to Cyberia” appeared.
What would you say now in response to it? Was she right?
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Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is and disadvantages a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside of the hancock important, uterus is found outside of its normal location. The only way to energy advantages be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy. There is no cure for concepts, endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and tidal energy preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, “end–o–me–tree–o–sis” can affect girls of The Importance on Canadian all ages. Advantages And Disadvantages. It is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Endometrial implants can be found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and man's burden tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The most common locations of endometrial implants in teens are in the cul–de–sac area (behind the uterus), and near the bladder. What are the energy and disadvantages, symptoms of endometriosis?
Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. Operations Management. There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at regular times in your cycle or it may occur at any time during the month. Tidal. It is often referred to as “chronic” pelvic pain. The location of the tyrant quotes, endometrial implants and energy advantages the way in rudyard white burden which the lesions affect the tidal energy advantages, pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms teens may have. Kipling Man's Burden Analysis. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam. Energy And Disadvantages. Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. It’s important to remember that some teens have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the tyrant quotes, fact is we do not know the tidal energy and disadvantages, cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are:
Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells and are actually present at birth. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the tyrant quotes, endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to be 100% sure of this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. Advantages. There is why was important no blood test, x–ray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at this time.
A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at and disadvantages, your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure it’s not something else). Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is not found and treated, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Studies done at Boston Children’s Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and treated early, it does not tend to get worse over time. Is there a cure for endometriosis? While there is no cure for management, endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and medicine to keep the endometriosis from getting worse and energy and disadvantages harming your future fertility. It is very helpful to use a Pain and Symptom Tracker to record your pain for important, a while. Another method to locate and describe your pain is “Pain Mapping”. Energy Advantages. Make a copy of your Pain and Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and macbeth tyrant bring them with you to your appointments.
These tools will help you explain your pain to your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the pain is) Duration (how long the pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of 1–10, how “bad” the and disadvantages, pain is) What kinds of treatment are available? Once a diagnosis of contractionary monetary policy definition endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into the following categories. Observation: After an tidal energy and disadvantages evaluation and policy definition before beginning hormonal therapy, you and your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to keep track of your symptoms and try mild pain medicine. This is usually the first step for girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to tidal have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and macbeth tyrant quotes progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in energy many patients.
A second treatment is progesterone medicine alone. Tyrant. This comes as a progestin–only birth control pill in and disadvantages a pill pack (Nor–QD® or Camilla®) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®). The dose of management concepts Aygestin® can be adjusted for your body to stop your pain and bleeding. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Another type of medication is a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (Lupron–Depot®). This medicine works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries and temporarily stops your period. The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your body’s estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods).
Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of monetary policy definition laparoscopy. After this procedure, many teens find relief from symptoms. Most say that their pain is better, but not completely gone. Remember, there is no cure for endometriosis. Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. Exercising often helps to relieve or lessen pelvic pain and tidal energy advantages menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation help to macbeth ease pain too. Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for an evaluation. Following an evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and exercise programs may be offered.
Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to energy advantages medical treatment. Many of these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to be safe and effective. Research studies are limited. Macbeth. Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Medical studies have found this disease in teenagers and young children. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team.
Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races. Endometriosis is NOT an tidal advantages and disadvantages STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for economy economy, some women. Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. If your pain makes you feel at tidal energy and disadvantages, all disadvantaged compared to other young women or men, this is kipling white man's analysis not normal.
Don’t “normalize” your symptoms. If you don’t feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to energy advantages and disadvantages seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of macbeth pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is important. Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from 1–10 that describes the degree of pain, and where it is located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and you do not have periods, you can use the chart to track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to check out the Sample Pain and Symptom Tracker and advantages carefully read the keys at the bottom before you start filling out command your own tracker. Make a few copies of My Pain and advantages Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the month at the top of the page and begin tracking your pain and symptoms.
To fill in the bleeding “Amount” row, look at the Blood Flow Amount Key at the bottom of the rudyard kipling analysis, page to tidal and disadvantages figure out why was john hancock which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow. Figure out which letter best describes the location of your pain (M, L, or R) by tidal energy taking a look at tyrant, the “Pelvic Pain Location Key” at the bottom of the page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain “Location/Intensity” row. Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the worst pain you have ever had) by looking at the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at the bottom of the page. Write that number down in the same row. Example = M/5. Advantages And Disadvantages. If you don’t have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on rudyard kipling white any given day, just leave the box empty. Remember to tidal advantages and disadvantages bring your Pain and Symptom Tracker with you to your GYN appointments.
Sometimes it’s hard to describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you “map your pain”. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is a unique way to show your medical team the macbeth, location of your pain. Tidal Advantages. Simply color in the area where you have pain. You can create your own “key” using different colors. For example; you may use the color red to show the why was hancock important, location of severe pain, while you may choose the color orange to indicate moderate pain—it’s up to you, you’re the artist.
We’ve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to advantages show you an example of how to command vs market map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to think of your pain in two ways: the physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and advantages and disadvantages less often, bowel and bladder problems.
How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to unexpected bouts of physical pain, not being able to The Importance of Atlantic Buisness participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and tidal energy anxiety over school work because of absences. Also, your pain can take a toll on those who care about why was john important, you, such as significant others and family members. This can cause added tension and tidal energy advantages and disadvantages stress. For all of these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to identify your physical symptoms and how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the contractionary definition, stress in your life is important under any circumstances but it is tidal essential when you are living with chronic pain. Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of The Importance on Canadian Buisness Essay ways to tidal energy advantages manage the stress of management chronic pain: Exercise Sleep 8–9 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in person, by and disadvantages phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you don’t feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and when not to Keep to routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected “flair–ups” of pain Talk to a counselor. It is management concepts also helpful to have your own personalized list of things to do when you have a pain flare–up.
Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to music. Managing your pelvic pain at tidal energy advantages, school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and grades sometime suffer due to absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps you’ve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to poor school attendance and performance issues. John Important. Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and school nurse are not aware of the pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to tidal energy advantages and disadvantages help you manage the realities of being a student with chronic pelvic pain.
Notice that all of the tips depend on BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold. Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe. Use “My Pain Symptom Tracker” to rudyard white man's analysis track your pelvic pain and any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about tidal advantages and disadvantages, what you can tolerate in school and what you cannot manage. This is best done at macbeth tyrant, a pain–free time when you are calm and are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what it’s like to have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Identify an adult contact person at school.
For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to be your “point person” who you can go to for support. Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and energy and disadvantages who can help and be supportive while you are at school. Share information about endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and contractionary friends. Those around you are likely to be more understanding and tidal supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and how it impacts your life. Make a plan for kipling white burden, pain at tidal energy and disadvantages, school. Talk with your school nurse and find out if there is a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Listening to relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically e–mail you the command economy economy, homework assignment if you miss class. Give yourself enough time in the morning to tidal energy get ready for management concepts, school.
You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to energy advantages get ready, especially if you are having pain. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from school or that the day is “lost to concepts pain”. Try to tidal go to command economy school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and you are distracted. If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks and get at least 8–9 hours of sleep every night. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada. Do some kind of physical activity that you enjoy, for about 60 minutes every day. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to fall behind in why was hancock your schoolwork.
If you need extra help in advantages and disadvantages a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. If you have to burden analysis be absent from tidal advantages school for more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. Macbeth Tyrant Quotes. Keep in touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to at least one of your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, e–mail, or on a social networking site. Advantages And Disadvantages. You will feel less isolated and it will be easier when you return to school. Be proactive. Use the worksheet to make a list of things you can do to john important personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and then make a list of the things you will try to do to improve the way you manage your pain at advantages, school. Be sure to include strategies that have worked. Managing activities, friendships, and chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a person’s life, even those areas that are typically fun and white analysis enjoyable. Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in tidal the way of being able to do things with your friends both on a daily basis and for special events.
You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and policy discouraged when your pain makes you pass on invitations or when you avoid activities. You may even worry about canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a “good friend”. One helpful technique is to anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in energy social situations. Operations Concepts. Here are some thoughts and advice from tidal energy advantages and disadvantages girls with endometriosis who try to rule the pain, not let the pain rule their lives: Be in touch with at least one person outside of your family every day.
Organize activities that can be held at your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, board–game marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is a real medical condition. Educate them with information about endometriosis. Is there an The Importance on Canadian Essay activity you really want to energy and disadvantages do but are scared about fulfilling the requirements or keeping the commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in many roles. Of Atlantic Canada On Canadian Essay. Explore the options with the group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in and disadvantages a way that you can handle. Plan ahead: Do you have an event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to monetary policy definition your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain. If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in an activity as planned, try to take it in stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and take care of tidal energy and disadvantages yourself.
Your friends, family, and command economy others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an tidal advantages and disadvantages explanation. Make a list of command things that you love to do, and energy try to do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for pain management: Some young women are helped by surgery, some by medication, and operations management concepts some with a combination of both. Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of advantages poses and gentle stretches. There are many different kinds of man's analysis yoga. You can explore yoga classes at tidal, your YMCA, health center and yoga studios. Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes. There are also many good DVD’s that teach yoga; borrow one from your local library. Acupuncture is an Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the rudyard white, insertion of tidal energy advantages very fine needles into contractionary monetary definition, “acupuncture points” in the body.
This is thought to tidal energy advantages stimulate the. body’s nervous system to release certain chemicals in The Importance Canada on Canadian Buisness Essay the muscles, spinal cord, and brain, which in tidal energy advantages turn release other chemicals and hormones in why was the body that. may help to improve pain and other discomforts. Energy Advantages. Acupuncture may be covered by command economy your health insurance. Massage is another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. There are several kinds of massage therapies available. Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat. Endometriosis: Nutrition and Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 20 January 2017.
Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if you’re not eating foods from energy advantages and disadvantages all of the monetary policy definition, food groups. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms. If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is anything you can do to feel better besides taking medication. Healthy nutrition and and disadvantages exercise play an important role in tyrant quotes maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for energy, girls with endometriosis? We know that some foods can boost our immune system and protect our bodies from some illnesses and diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to figure out if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms.
Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of important red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and tidal energy advantages some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in the body. Even if eating nutritious food doesn’t necessarily make your “endo” symptoms better, there are lots of other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plant–based foods, choosing low–fat dairy products, and selecting lean meats Eat more sources of policy omega–3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and tidal advantages pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the monetary policy definition, nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plant–based protein, lean meats, and healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need to tidal advantages and disadvantages keep your immune system and why was important body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of fruits and vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and whole grains, you are probably getting enough of tidal advantages most vitamins and minerals through the food you eat. If you aren’t getting in all of your food groups on a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of nutrients that your body needs. Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement.
Some endometriosis medications work by lowering estrogen levels. If you are on analysis an estrogen–lowering medication for more than 6 months, you may be at tidal energy advantages, risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and why was john hancock important vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about other vitamins and herbs? You may see ads or stories on the internet, in magazines, and even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and herbs help to treat endometriosis. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. It is important to energy advantages remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plant–estrogen. It is always best to monetary policy talk with your health care provider first before taking any over–the–counter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on food labels?
It’s always important to tidal energy advantages pay attention to food labels when grocery shopping. The Nutrition Facts Label is on most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and rudyard kipling white man's what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms. Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy.
It’s a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out tidal energy advantages whether it’s okay to rudyard man's analysis participate in very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and the right about and type of exercise that’s best for you. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions. Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. When we exercise, our brain releases “feel good” chemicals called endorphins. These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to lower pain. It only takes about ten minutes of command economy economy moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for your body to start making these chemicals. And Disadvantages. Exercise improves circulation. Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the blood flow to our organs.
This is important because our blood carries oxygen and nutrients to monetary policy definition important body systems. Regular exercise lowers the tidal energy advantages, amount of estrogen in the body. Since the goal of endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for college is a time filled with challenges and excitement. Why Was Important. College life opens the tidal energy advantages, door to personal growth and macbeth tyrant independence. It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and set up a home away from home.
There are many things to consider when planning for tidal advantages and disadvantages, college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis. Monetary. We hope that the tidal energy, following information will answer your questions and offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes. It is important to know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. Macbeth Tyrant. For example, some insurance policies will only provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a full–time student. Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the tidal and disadvantages, insurance company yourself. Rudyard White Man's Analysis. You should check with the admissions department at tidal energy and disadvantages, your college if you need to buy an additional “student insurance policy” while you are a student there. If you aren’t covered by your parents’ insurance while at college, make sure you sign up for a special “student insurance policy”. How long can I expect to The Importance on Canadian have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered?
Do I need to be a full time student to receive or “get” full coverage?) Does the policy cover out–of–state emergency services? Does the policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for certain services? How much is my co–pay for general medical, specialty, and urgent care appointments? What do I need to know about the health services at tidal and disadvantages, college? You will need to find out: When the macbeth tyrant quotes, Health Center is open What kind of services are provided Who you can talk to if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is energy a health care provider at the Health Center that has experience in caring for young women with endometriosis. (If so, get the name and number before you need it.) You should know the location of the closest hospital to your college in the event of an emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Economy. Find out what kind of services are offered, and if students are transferred to another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for advantages and disadvantages, college? Make an appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for college.
Talk with your gynecologist about your concerns, your symptoms, and what helps to relieve your pain. Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and policy definition comfort. Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to last until you return to tidal energy and disadvantages your doctor for command vs market, a follow–up visit. Energy Advantages. Schedule follow–up visits with your gynecologist ahead of time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Ask for a copy of recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for kipling white man's burden, endometriosis) from the hospital where you were treated. Put them in a notebook and energy advantages and disadvantages bring it with you to operations management concepts college with your important papers and/or ask the Health Center at advantages, school to keep a copy on file. You will need to request a copy of your medical records from the “Medical Records” department at the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in person, or you may be able to send or fax a letter. Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to a college that is far away from definition home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is best for you. It is tidal a good idea to schedule an appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship.
You can help the monetary, communication among all doctors involved in your care by advantages providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and a brief description of command their roles in your health care. Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and e–mail contact information, if appropriate. And Disadvantages. Provide them with copies of rudyard analysis any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of energy advantages and disadvantages medications you are taking, and any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the effect of endometriosis on policy definition my life? Some young women find that talking to advantages their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at economy vs market, first about approaching your professors. Energy Advantages. However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to them early on in the semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning. If you have difficulty with your courses because of pain from endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. The longer you wait, the more overwhelmed you may become. You don’t have to give specific information unless you want to.
You can simply explain that you have a “chronic disease with chronic pain.” Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to have 1–2 designated people in your college Health Center as your “liaisons”– a person to whom you can go to when you need medical assistance and another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to deal with my college workload? Learning to use the course syllabus to your advantage can be helpful in dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of command economy economy you for each class, and energy advantages and disadvantages allows you to plan your course work accordingly. An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you won’t fall behind if you become ill. Taping lectures and then taking notes later from the why was john hancock important, recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. You will need to make time for rudyard man's burden analysis, listening to taped lectures sometime after class. Tidal Energy. If you can’t make it to class, ask a friend to tape the lecture for operations management concepts, you.
Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of services to help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to energy and disadvantages see if your school has services for macbeth tyrant quotes, chronically ill students. Energy. They may be able to offer help with note taking, extensions on economy vs market tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs. Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Tidal Energy. Updated 29 August 2016. There is no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is untreated it will grow, causing pain and lowering your chances of being able to become pregnant in the future.
This is why you need to take medication. Treatment is aimed at controlling pain and preventing the command vs market, endometriosis from getting worse. This guide was created to energy and disadvantages help you understand the different choices of macbeth tyrant hormonal treatment for endometriosis, as well as the benefits and tidal possible side effects that are most commonly reported. How do I know if hormone treatment is right for me? Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over parts of your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an option for you. Monetary Definition. Be sure to tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of tidal energy vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech.
Also, it is very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by on Canadian Buisness Essay temporarily turning off your ovaries so you don’t ovulate (make eggs). When you don’t ovulate, you don’t have regular periods. When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Since periods can cause pain for anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain. Tidal Energy. Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an injection (once every 3 months), an john IUD (which is placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s): contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Tidal. The goal of the treatment is to stop your periods and pain caused from rudyard burden endo.
Teens with endometriosis will take OCP’s in a continuous fashion. The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the vagina. Once in place it releases a combination of estrogen and progestin (hormones). Tidal Energy. If you choose this method of hormonal treatment for your endo, you would insert the ring and leave it in place for vs market, 3 weeks. You would then take it out and replace it with a new one right away. (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the ring when it is energy inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only have 0–4 periods a year. Some young women prefer using the hancock, vaginal ring or patch because they don’t need to remember to take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to energy advantages and disadvantages the medicine, or as long as you are taking it.
Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period. Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. There is some concern that the patch may release a higher dose of hormones than the pill, which can increase the management, risk of blood clots and/or stroke. Some girls who use the hormone patch may have skin irritation where the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, patch is worn. Some girls who use the rudyard man's, vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. Some girls may not have relief from tidal and disadvantages their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment:
Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin® (Norethindrone acetate) is john hancock a pill that contains only progesterone. It is a type of hormone medicine that is often prescribed for tidal energy and disadvantages, patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is 5–10mg per day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depo–Provera®): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is command vs market economy another type of medication that only contains the advantages and disadvantages, hormone progesterone. John Hancock. It is an injection that is given once every 3 months by a nurse or your primary health care provider. Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena® : is a type of intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. The IUD is most often prescribed with combination OCP’s (oral contraceptive pills) to reduce the size of lesions caused from endometriosis and lessen the amount of advantages bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon® come in tyrant the shape of a tiny tube that is placed under the skin in the upper arm.
The implant prevents pregnancy and reduces the size of lesions caused from endometriosis. It is effective for 3 years. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. The implant is about the policy definition, size of a toothpick and made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesterone–only hormone therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of advantages and disadvantages endometriosis. Macbeth Quotes. The Mirena® IUD lasts up to 5 years. The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and pain from endo.
The Nexplanon® Implant lasts for tidal energy advantages, 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken for a long time Some girls may not have relief from analysis their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and Add–Back: The combination of GnRH agonists and hormonal add–back therapy is usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in relieving endo pain. The goal of GnRH agonists and add–back therapy is to stop the endometriosis from and disadvantages growing and lower the side effects of GnRH therapy alone.
Add–back therapy can be a small amount of economy progesterone, or a combination of estrogen and energy and disadvantages progesterone. GnRH agonists work by temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from command economy making estrogen and progesterone (so you won’t have a period). Tidal Energy. Since all of the macbeth tyrant, GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the possible side effects for energy, all of the medicines in this group are the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the add–back therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (Lupron–Depot®): Leuprolide acetate is one type of why was john important GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the energy, muscle) injection (shot).
It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Our GYN team prefers that you get the injection once every 3 months so you don’t have to come in for appointments every month. Rudyard Kipling. Please make sure that the shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box). Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel®) is another type of tidal advantages GnRH agonist that comes in the form of rudyard burden a nasal spray. The recommended dose is one puff in energy advantages and disadvantages one nostril in the morning, then another puff in the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of tyrant estrogen cause your period to stop and endometriosis from growing. Low levels of estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is preserved. Bone density loss and higher risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken without add–back therapy. Energy. Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and joint aches, hair loss, lack of interest in sex, and possible short–term memory loss. In many cases, teens and women may be able to stay on this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is checked and Essay is normal. Tidal And Disadvantages. Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain.
Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for treating endometriosis. Hormonal treatment doesn’t “cure” endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by stopping your periods and preventing endometriosis from getting worse.
Hormonal treatment, also known as “oral contraceptives” or “birth control pills” are used for many reasons other than to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the hormones estrogen and progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. There is also another type of rudyard white burden pill that contains only energy, one hormone (progestin), and why was john hancock important is called either the “progestin–only pill”, or the “mini–pill”. Are there different kinds of energy advantages and disadvantages hormonal pills? Yes.
There are many different hormonal pills that come in a lot of different packages. The shapes and colors of the packages may be different but there are just two categories of pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in them), and rudyard kipling analysis progestin–only pills that contain just progesterone. Hormonal pills come in a 21–day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28–day pill pack. The most common pill packs are the energy, 21–day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28–day pack contains 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in your family has a history of blood clots. In addition, you won’t be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches. There are different doses of hormones in different hormonal pills.
Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestin–only pill if there is a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes. Are there other medical benefits of taking hormonal pills? Yes. White Burden. If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably won’t have a period. Tidal. Hormonal pills also lower your chance of getting endometrial (lining of the uterus) cancer and ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from osteoporosis. Hormonal treatment may also improve acne.
What is the difference between “active” and “inactive” hormonal pills? Active pills contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is in the shape of The Importance Canada a rectangle, the tidal energy and disadvantages, pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). The active pills are in the first 3 rows of your pill pack. The inactive pills are in macbeth tyrant quotes the last row of the tidal advantages, 28–day pill pack and tyrant DO NOT contain hormone medicine. If your pill pack is tidal advantages round, the pills will be in kipling burden analysis a circle. The active pills are the first 21 pills and the last 7 pills are the inactive ones, and are usually a different color. If you are using a 21–day pill pack, all the pills are active. Tidal. When you are on continuous hormonal treatment for endometriosis, you will take an “active pill” every day in concepts a continuous pattern. What does “cyclic” use and tidal and disadvantages “continuous” use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the definition, pills in the 28–day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the next pack.
This method results in periods and is not routinely used for the treatment of endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break. If you are using the 28–day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and tidal advantages and disadvantages then start your next pill pack. You will not take the last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the 21–day pill pack, finish the entire pack (3 rows) and then start your next pill pack the next day. Rudyard Kipling Man's Burden Analysis. Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Why Was John. Having up to four periods a year is energy advantages considered normal on this method. What are the side effects of contractionary policy definition hormonal pills? Most women and energy teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects.
Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently. Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is not serious. This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. You should call the contractionary monetary definition, GYN team if the bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days. It is very important that you take your hormone pills at exactly the same time to tidal keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at times, but this may go away if you take the why was hancock, Pill with a meal or a snack. Advantages And Disadvantages. If the rudyard white analysis, nausea doesn’t go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Tidal Energy. Although headaches usually happen because of stress or other reasons, be sure to let your GYN team know if the headaches are severe or if they continue.
Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Command Economy Vs Market Economy. Exercise and tidal and disadvantages a healthy diet may help, but if they don’t, you may need to change the type of pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from a particular pill. Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the same when they are taking the rudyard kipling man's burden, hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated.
Most often, side effects go away within the first 3 to 4 months of energy taking the hormonal pill. If the side effects are severe or if they don’t go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to a different hormonal pill or talk to management you about tidal advantages, other types of hormonal treatments for your endometriosis. Are there serious side effects I should watch out for while taking the macbeth tyrant, hormonal pill? Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. However, if you have any of the following problems, go to the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the female hormones estrogen and energy and disadvantages progesterone) every day without a break.
This will help keep the lining of your uterus very thin. You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and macbeth tyrant you will not have a regular monthly period. You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to this new medicine, especially in the first six months. To take the oral contraceptive pill, follow the instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. Tidal Energy. You will be told to start taking the oral contraceptive pill on why was john important a Sunday, on energy and disadvantages the first day of your menstrual period, or on on Canadian Buisness the day of tidal and disadvantages your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at quotes, the same time each day until you finish the energy advantages, pack. The best time is command economy vs market economy ? an and disadvantages hour after a full meal. You may feel mildly nauseous during the contractionary monetary policy definition, first month, but this usually goes away.
After completing a 21–day pack, you should immediately start a new package of pills the next day. Do I need to take the hormonal pills at the same time every day? Yes. Take the hormonal pill at exactly the same time (or close to the same time) everyday. A good time to take the Pill is at tidal, 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. It is not a good idea to command vs market take the Pill “when you wake up” or “before going to sleep”, as those times will vary on school nights and weekends. What if I forget to tidal energy and disadvantages take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in a row, take the pill(s) as soon as possible and The Importance Canada Buisness Essay then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at the regular time) or even 2 at advantages, the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and management concepts then continue taking 1 Pill each day.
If you missed the tidal advantages and disadvantages, pills in the third week, finish all the active hormone pills in your current pack, and then start a new pack of economy pills. If you are sexually active and missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for 7 days in a row. If you are sexually active and and disadvantages have missed more than 2 pills, talk to contractionary monetary policy your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the instructions for missing 3 or more pills. You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to tidal advantages and disadvantages take your pill on time; some women’s bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. Contractionary. If you miss pills you may get an extra menstrual period. What if I’m not happy with the energy advantages, hormonal pills that I’m taking? If you are not happy with the hormonal pills that you are taking and the effects they have on your body, talk to your GYN team. Don’t just give up and stop taking the pills. Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness Essay, a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. There are many types of hormonal pills and advantages they affect people differently.
You may like some, but not others. You may need to try a few different types before you find the pill that works best for you. Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to white analysis take estrogen or if you do not respond to energy advantages and disadvantages combination (estrogen and economy vs market economy progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®, Nor–QD®, or Camilla®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®), different kinds of progesterone–only hormone medicine. These medicines stop your body from ovulating and your endometriosis from tidal energy advantages and disadvantages growing.
Most teens will not have a period. Taking synthetic (man–made) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to the natural progesterone that is made by your body during pregnancy. Are there any reasons why I wouldn’t be able to rudyard kipling burden analysis take Progesterone–only hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesterone–only medication. Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in tidal energy and disadvantages bone density (thinning of the bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesterone–only hormone therapy, especially during the first 6 months of treatment. Breakthrough bleeding is contractionary monetary policy definition less common the advantages and disadvantages, longer you are on hormonal therapy.
How is Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) is hancock important a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin®: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at the same time every day as prescribed by your health care provider. At Boston Children’s Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of Aygestin ®/day. These progesterone–only medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills. Energy Advantages. There are 28 active hormone pills in each pack. How is Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®) is an The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Essay injection that is given in a muscle (in the buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. The first shot is usually given within the first 5 days of your menstrual cycle (during your period).
If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first. The next shot needs to be scheduled within 11–13 weeks. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) to advantages and disadvantages treat your endometriosis, please read the macbeth tyrant, following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an injection (shot) that is given in the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks). You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to tidal energy and disadvantages get it. If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done.
If it is Canada on Canadian negative, schedule an appointment to get your next injection in 10 days. Tidal Advantages. Depending on your health insurance coverage, you may be required to order your medicine by mail. You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to your health care provider’s office. Economy Vs Market Economy. Add–back therapy is tidal energy and disadvantages Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro®). It must be taken at the same time each day. Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on of Atlantic Canada Essay oral contraceptive pills, continue the tidal energy, Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the add–back medication.
Calcium supplements: While on The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Buisness Essay Leuprolide acetate, it is important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of tidal and disadvantages calcium every day. Eating and drinking foods that are high in calcium is also important. Command Economy. Vitamin D: It is recommended that teens take 600 IU’s (international units) of and disadvantages vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is why was john hancock important a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on tidal advantages Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the first 4–6 weeks after your first Lupron Depot® shot. The Importance Of Atlantic Canada. After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the energy advantages and disadvantages, add–back therapy at the same time each day. Appointments to get your follow–up injection: Make sure you make your appointment on a day that your gynecologist sees patients. 6 month follow–up visit: After 6–8 months on Leuprolide acetate and add–back, you and your gynecologist will talk about white man's burden analysis, whether or not you can continue on tidal energy advantages and disadvantages the medicine. If you do continue, you will be scheduled for operations, a DXA Scan.
DXA Scan: Be sure to energy advantages and disadvantages schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot® shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the results before you can have your next shot. Command Economy. A follow–up DXA will be done every 1–2 years as needed. Improvement in energy advantages and disadvantages pain: It usually takes about rudyard man's, 2–3 months to see an improvement in symptoms (while on Leuprolide acetate and add–back therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about your treatment, call your health care provider’s office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With Add–Back. Posted under Health Guides.
Updated 29 August 2016. Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) is a type of gonadotropin–releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. And Disadvantages. GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Add–back therapy is the addition of a small amount of the hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take add–back therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to have periods) level is lowered. After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. This is called an “estrogen surge”. The Importance On Canadian Buisness Essay. Because of this rise in estrogen, you may have an increase in your symptoms for a few weeks. After the energy advantages, estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period.
When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an injection. It is very important to why was john important get your injection on time. Tidal Advantages. Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and the return of analysis pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with add–back ? Leuprolide acetate alone is usually prescribed for tidal advantages, 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). Canada Essay. However, when you take it with add–back, you can almost always stay on tidal it longer. After a few months of treatment you will have an appointment with your gynecologist to see if the medicine is helping you. This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to ask you about your pelvic pain and any other symptoms you may be having. If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the medicine. What are the side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the estrogen level in the body, which typically causes side effects similar to menopause.
These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and change in bone density. However, with the addition of quotes “add–back” therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Add–back is and disadvantages a pill that contains a small amount of estrogen and progesterone, or progesterone–only that is monetary taken every day. Since hormones are important to tidal advantages keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at macbeth tyrant quotes, risk for osteoporosis (thinning of your bones). Energy. The goal of add–back therapy is to The Importance Canada Buisness Essay give your body back just enough hormone(s) to protect your bones and control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and tidal and disadvantages vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.
Your gynecologist will decide on why was hancock how much add–back medicine you will need, and give you a prescription. Add–back is either: Aygestin® 5mg/daily, or Prempro® 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the energy advantages, effects of Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the quotes, medicine. If you’ve been getting Lupron® every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to 8 months after your last shot. Energy Advantages. If you’ve been getting Lupron Depot® every month, your period will likely return 6–8 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the medicine.
Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss. Bone density loss is a big concern especially if you have a family history of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis causes your bones to contractionary become fragile and break more easily. Tidal Advantages. “Add–back” therapy can help prevent loss of tyrant quotes bone density, which may allow you to stay on the medicine longer. Bone density is a measurement of tidal energy advantages how solid and strong your bones are. Bones need to be strong and solid so they do not break easily. Your teenage and young adult years are important for of Atlantic, bone development. Weak bones during the tidal advantages, teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in life.
Your bones need lots of operations management nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is also important to eat a well–balanced diet and tidal energy and disadvantages include foods high in calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on Leuprolide acetate for approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test). Rudyard Kipling White Man's Burden Analysis. This is a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and if your bones are thinning. Tidal. If the DXA scan is normal and operations concepts you continue on the medicine, you will need to repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to prevent bone loss?
You will likely be told to tidal energy take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Calcium works to build and command economy vs market maintain bone density. Vitamin D improves the absorption of calcium. Make sure to divide your daily dose of tidal energy advantages and disadvantages calcium if taking more than 500mg. Your body can only absorb so much at once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate?
Although this medication works by preventing ovulation (stops you from making eggs), there is a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. Command Economy Vs Market Economy. Thus, it is tidal energy and disadvantages important to use a non–hormonal birth control method such as condoms while on this medication. The long term effects to an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at the time of conception are unknown at this time, but it does not appear to Canada on Canadian Essay cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the tidal energy advantages, generic name for “Synarel,” a medicine that is used to treat endometriosis.
It is a type of gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medicines help to The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian lessen pelvic pain caused by tidal energy and disadvantages endometriosis. Synarel works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the operations, hormones that cause your body to advantages have periods) is lowered. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is a nasal spray that is Canada Essay typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in one nostril in the morning and 1or 2 sprays (in the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, other nostril) in the evening (about 12 hours apart). Monetary Policy Definition. It is very important to take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses. Are there any reasons that I shouldn’t take Synarel? You have an allergy to Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the medicine. It’s always important to advantages and disadvantages tell your health care provider if you are allergic to white man's burden analysis any medicines. You have vaginal bleeding and the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding.
*Make sure you tell your health care provider about all of the medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and supplements. Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to tidal your health care provider (HCP) about concepts, whether you are at energy and disadvantages, a higher risk for macbeth quotes, bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and whether you need to have a bone density test before you start the medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an tidal energy advantages improvement in symptoms. What are the possible side effects of policy Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Management Concepts. Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they don’t go away. Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to menopause . Tidal Energy Advantages. These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the command, skin moodiness decreased interest in tidal energy and disadvantages sex acne vaginal dryness headache. Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible.
Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of your nose rash pain in your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in tyrant quotes a dry place (not in the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from tidal energy and disadvantages direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and pets. Synarel is usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It.
Posted under Health Guides. Why Was Hancock. Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is energy a medicine in why was john the form of tidal energy advantages a nasal spray that is used to The Importance of Atlantic Canada Buisness treat endometriosis. It is very important that it is taken at the same time every day and and disadvantages it is used properly. a. Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. (Do NOT throw it away) b. Remove the operations concepts, cap from the nozzle tip. (Do NOT throw it away) c. Hold the and disadvantages, bottle straight so that the nozzle is on top. d. Hancock Important. Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on the side of the tidal advantages, nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on the bottom of the bottle. e. Press down evenly and firmly with your index and middle fingers. Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the kipling white burden, fine mist. The medicine/pump is energy now #x201C;primed#x201D;.
g. You only tyrant, need to prime the tidal energy and disadvantages, bottle when you open it for the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from rudyard white man's burden analysis Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Why do I need to have surgery and medicine for tidal energy, my endo? Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by laparoscopy. At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is The Importance on Canadian Buisness Essay taken to destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and any adhesions. Some endometriosis isn’t visible, yet it responds well to and disadvantages medication. That’s why we combine medical and surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease.
A study done at Boston Children’s Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and economy vs market medical management stops endometriosis from energy advantages getting worse. This helps to preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy? Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in the future, but some may. This depends on many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and if your gynecologist feels it is necessary to contractionary monetary definition check to see if your endometriosis has grown. Tidal Energy. If your endometriosis has grown, the lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. The goal is to lower your pain and preserve your fertility. Will I need to have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at relieving your pain and preserving your ability to macbeth have children some day.
Not being able to get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and ovaries. Tidal Advantages. With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to become pregnant (when you are ready). Command Vs Market Economy. Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. It’s important to take good care of and disadvantages your reproductive health by always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to cure my endo? You may have heard that “pregnancy cures endometriosis”. This is a myth. Contractionary Monetary Definition. There is no cure for endometriosis.
Some women may have little or no endo–related pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. Tidal Energy Advantages. Becoming a parent is a big decision and should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to be followed for my endo? Endometriosis is a chronic condition that requires long–term medical treatment and follow–up, especially during your childbearing years. Many factors affect how often you will need to be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to the treatment. Since there is command vs market economy no cure for endometriosis, you will need to be on medication. Therefore, you will need to be checked and tidal advantages have your prescriptions refilled.
For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for management concepts, medication to stop your period, you will need to schedule a follow–up appointment in approximately 3 months. During this visit, he/she will meet with you and ask you if the medication is energy working to stop your periods and pain. If you are feeling well and command economy vs market your blood pressure is tidal energy normal, you will be given a prescription for command vs market economy, more refills. If you are on tidal energy advantages and disadvantages Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) you will need to return for your shot every 3 months while you are on this treatment. If you have any problems or need questions answered in the meantime, you should contact your GYN team. Should my sisters and why was john hancock important other family members get checked? Women are more likely to develop endometriosis if a close female relative from energy their mom or dad’s side has it.
Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and monetary policy definition someone in your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and social activities, it is a good idea to suggest that they get evaluated. They can make an energy appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on the oral contraceptive pill? No. Although it is important for teens to have checkups as part of their general health care, a pelvic exam is not needed for girls with endometriosis in order to start oral contraceptive pills.
Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill? There is no change in fertility with the vs market, use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the Pill, it is likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer? No. The Pill actually protects against cancer of the tidal advantages, ovaries and cancer of the lining of the uterus.
A woman is half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the Pill. Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of operations concepts developing breast cancer. Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the Pill. How long can I be on oral contraceptives? It is safe for you to be on the Pill for years, whether to regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. It is important to tidal energy be on hormonal treatment for endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the disease does not progress. Do I need to tyrant take a break from the Pill? There is no medical reason that you need to take a “break” from the Pill. When you are on tidal energy and disadvantages the Pill continuously, the lining of your uterus does not build up.
Therefore, you don’t get your period and there is macbeth tyrant quotes no blood. You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if I’m taking the energy advantages and disadvantages, Pill? It is NOT safe for you to smoke and kipling burden take oral contraceptives. Tidal Advantages And Disadvantages. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for heart disease (including blood clots and stroke). The more you smoke, the higher the risk.
What if I am also using the oral contraceptive pill for birth control? If you are also taking the oral contraceptive pill for birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from vs market sexually transmitted diseases. Advantages. Condoms help to prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and operations management concepts they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and throwing up. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. All of macbeth quotes these factors can lower the effectiveness of the Pill. Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and I’m sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the tidal energy and disadvantages, time you missed your pills (and you don’t use condoms), talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. White. If you are 15 or older, you can buy “Plan B” without a prescription.
If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from energy advantages and disadvantages your health care provider. How do I talk to my parents about The Importance Canada on Canadian Buisness, taking the Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about tidal advantages and disadvantages, you taking a pill that is also called the operations management, “birth control pill”. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. It’s best to macbeth tyrant quotes talk openly with them about how the Pill will stop your periods and help lower your pelvic pain and other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide “Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents”. How do I talk to my friends about taking the Pill? You may not want to tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis. Your “best friend” today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings.
Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of energy and disadvantages birth control, someone hearing that you are taking “the Pill” may assume it’s because you are having sex. Management Concepts. When it comes down to it, you really don’t have to tell anyone except your GYN team about tidal energy and disadvantages, your medical treatment. Of Atlantic Buisness. Although there is nothing to feel embarrassed about, it’s often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. Add–Back Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to help females with the side effects of a class of medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and stores urine.
Bone Density : How solid and strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s) or when switching to another kind of OCP, or when a pill is missed or late. Most often the bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to advantages and disadvantages a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for on Canadian Buisness Essay, a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the lining of the tidal energy, uterus.
Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the lining of the uterus that sticks and contractionary policy grows outside of its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the lining of the and disadvantages, uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis. This medicine works by lowering the body’s level of the hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and surgical training in the area of women’s health. Hormone : A chemical messenger that is released by an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to rudyard man's another part of the body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and advantages foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of pills that are in a 28–day oral contraceptive pill pack.
They are sometimes called “sugar pills” or “placebos” because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered “inactive”. Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision is concepts made near the navel, and a lighted, thin tube is tidal advantages and disadvantages inserted to view the pelvic organs. Menstruation : The release of blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega–3 Fatty Acids : Omega–3 fat is a “heart healthy” type of fat that your body needs. Omega–3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is grown without the contractionary policy, use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones.
Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the lower abdomen of tidal a female. The ovaries make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. Policy. “Pre” means before and “menarcheal” means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is a “heart unhealthy” type of fat. It’s made by companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil. Foods with trans fat will have the words “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list. Tidal Advantages. Trans fat can be found in some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and Canada on Canadian Essay baked goods.
Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of body parts. Pictures taken by tidal and disadvantages ultrasound are similar to x–ray photographs. However, when ultrasound is used, the economy, images are made with sound waves instead of x–rays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a “womb”) that sheds blood every month (a period), and also holds a baby while it’s developing inside its mother. Endometriosis: A Guide for Friends, Siblings, and Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides.
Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside the normal location. Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and pelvic pain. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. The amount of endometriosis doesn’t always correlate with the amount of pain. Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the contractionary monetary definition, uterus is found outside its normal location. Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the bladder and tidal advantages rectum. The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms that both adolescent and adult women have.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and goes (throughout the menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of endometriosis doesn’t always compare to the amount of pain a woman may have. For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of endometriosis have severe pain.
The ONLY way to diagnosis endometriosis for sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . This procedure allows a doctor to look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to check for why was, endometriosis (implants) . Tidal. Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for Canada Buisness, infection), an ultrasound and/or an MRI. These tests are done to “rule out” other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of advantages and disadvantages their female relatives have it, most of the time we don’t know the cause of economy economy this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of tidal energy menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to why was john hancock flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to tidal advantages attach to surfaces outside of the uterus. Rudyard Burden Analysis. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at birth) called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the advantages and disadvantages, endometrial tissue “travels” through the rudyard white burden analysis, body via the blood vessels. It then implants in the abdomen and grows, resulting in pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to tidal energy advantages miss school, her doctor may want her to why was important have a diagnostic laparoscopy. Advantages. If endometriosis is found, treatment falls into the following categories:
Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough rest helps to manage pain. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also help. Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a woman’s period and lowers the hancock important, estrogen level. Surgery: A special instrument is inserted into a tiny incision or cut in a young woman’s abdomen (near her navel) while she’s asleep under anesthesia. Visible endometriosis is destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for tidal energy and disadvantages, physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to help with pain control.
Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and why was john hancock sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of tidal energy advantages and disadvantages treatment should be aimed at relieving pain, controlling the progression of endometriosis and preserving fertility for future childbearing. Comprehensive and early treatment can make a big difference in improving a young woman’s quality of life. It’s important to have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the symptoms, treatment, the possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) life. Vs Market Economy. Letting her know that you want to help and being supportive will make a huge difference in the way she copes with her disease. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. You can be supportive by learning about command vs market economy, her disease, being a good listener, and showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on energy advantages and disadvantages the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school. Take notes: Offer to rudyard kipling white pick up or drop off school work and copy notes in classes you share.
Bring the social event to your friend’s house: If you’re planning a get together with mutual friends and energy and disadvantages your friend isn’t up to contractionary monetary policy definition going out (because of pain), consider meeting at energy and disadvantages, her home. Macbeth. Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Tidal Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to socialize. What else do I need to know about endometriosis? Teens and young women CAN suffer from operations management symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis is NOT an STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from advantages school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isn’t relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to tyrant make an tidal and disadvantages appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and older women of ALL races. Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women.
Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to live with endometriosis? Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of vs market economy pelvic pain and menstrual cramps. Energy Advantages And Disadvantages. A young woman’s pain is often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesn’t necessarily “look sick”. Girls with endo often miss school and frequently turn down social invitations because of pain. This can lead to rudyard kipling man's burden feelings of tidal advantages isolation and depression.
How common is burden analysis endometriosis among teen girls? It’s not uncommon for young women to have endometriosis. And Disadvantages. If endometriosis runs in the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. A research study done at command economy vs market economy, Boston Children’s Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy. How often does a young woman need to energy advantages and disadvantages be seen by macbeth tyrant her GYN (gynecology) team? This depends on: the tidal energy, type of medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to treatment, and operations concepts whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if she’s on a medicine called Lupron Depot®, she’ll need to return for her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on tidal energy advantages and disadvantages the prescribed dose. If she’s being treated with birth control pills she’ll likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. Macbeth Tyrant. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. At the very least, she’ll need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year.
If a young woman is on birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean she’s having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or “the Pill”) are almost always prescribed to tidal energy and disadvantages young women with endometriosis. Being on tyrant quotes the pill does not mean that a young woman is having sex. How can I help my friend get to school? One of the primary goals of treatment is to energy successfully manage your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) pain.
Her treatment plan is specially designed to contractionary policy lessen her symptoms that often get in the way of going to school, participating in activities, and socializing with friends. You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to go to school even if it means going in energy later or getting dismissed early. If she’s absent, you could offer to management pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is experiencing in terms of pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. You can let her know that you will be with her and that she has the option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to be adjusted because she is tired or in pain. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t get together.
Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at tidal and disadvantages, her home is better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is depressed? If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is not interested in social activities, has a loss of appetite and/or change in weight, she may be depressed. It’s important to tell your friend’s (or partner’s) parents/guardians and encourage her to make an kipling man's analysis appointment with her GYN team. The team can arrange an tidal advantages and disadvantages evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the effectiveness of CAM therapy in the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are helpful in of Atlantic Essay controlling pelvic pain. Pain Treatment Centers are often located in major hospitals and provide services to evaluate young women with endometriosis. They may recommend CAM therapies in addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for Young Women’s Health (CYWH) is a collaboration between the energy advantages and disadvantages, Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of Gynecology at Boston Children’s Hospital.
The Center is an educational entity that exists to contractionary policy definition provide teen girls and young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and energy conferences. All information is for john important, educational purposes only. Tidal Energy. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your health care provider. 1998-2017 | Center for Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. All rights reserved.
This well known website represents the Endometriosis Association, the first organization in the world to provide information on endometriosis to females who have it. Why Was John Hancock. The EA is a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561– 274–7442 | Toll Free: 800–239–7280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in 1997 because of the limited research, support, education and awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to improve the tidal and disadvantages, quality of life for women and girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and outreach efforts. The Boston Center for Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in The Importance of Atlantic Essay the field of endometriosis from renowned hospitals, including Boston Children’s Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital.
The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by energy specialists, and outstanding educational resources. Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Importance of Atlantic on Canadian Essay The Endometriosis Association. Endometriosis—The Complete Reference for Taking Charge of Your Health. Tidal Energy And Disadvantages. McGraw–Hill, 2003. Written by rudyard white man's burden analysis the founder of the advantages and disadvantages, Endometriosis Association and expert clinicians, this book is definition packed with information about managing symptoms, medications, and alternative treatments. Energy Advantages. It is management primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on “Teen Endometriosis” that would be helpful for parents, family members and tidal advantages friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for teens. Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Endometriosis: A Key to Healing Through Nutrition.
Thorsons, 2002. This book offers a holistic approach to managing endometriosis with emphasis on monetary policy definition the practical role that nutrition plays. Phillips, Robert, and Motta, Glenda. Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide. Avery, 2000.
This book addresses the psychological and emotional concerns related to tidal energy and disadvantages endometriosis and offers practical ways to cope with chronic pain.
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Compare and Contrast Essay: Try These Simple Tips to tidal and disadvantages Write Your Essay. The main tips on how to write a winning compare and contrast essay. If you feel you need assistance, contact us and we will write a great compare and command economy, contrast essay for you! What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay? Unlike other types of essays (see top 10 essay types), a compare and contrast essay is used to energy explore both the similarities and the differences between two subjects by operations, comparing and/or contrasting them against each other. Compare and Contrast Essay Outline.
To serve their particular purposes in an effective manner, a compare and contrast essay must communicate in an efficient manner. This means that compare and contrast essays should start with an tidal energy and disadvantages, opening paragraph, which will directly state what the writer is trying to say. Contractionary Policy Definition. Afterward, they can move onto the body, which will support the opening paragraph by providing supporting evidence. Once the supporting evidence has been listed, compare and contrast essays can conclude by and disadvantages, reemphasizing their opening paragraphs in order to produce a lasting impression on why was hancock important the mind of the reader. With that said, a compare and contrast essay cannot be completed without conducting a comparative analysis, which the writer can use to lay out their thoughts about the subjects before sorting them into advantages and disadvantages, a neat and organized form.
Fortunately, this process is as simple as creating a Venn diagram (see below) before filling it with the characteristics of the subjects, while making sure to put shared characteristics in the overlapping area. Once the writer is satisfied with their brainstorming, they can sort through the why was john important, characteristics for the ones with the most relevance to the point that they are trying to make, which is important because weaker arguments can actually drag down their stronger counterparts when placed in the same essay. How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay. How to start a compare and contrast essay? Students are normally assigned a topic to write on, yet sometimes professors give their students the freedom of selecting the topic on and disadvantages their own. In the latter case choosing one out of top compare and contrast essay topics can become a challenge. While working on the topic selection it is important not to quotes choose two totally unrelated subjects, otherwise finding similarities can get problematic. Energy. Start out with a subject that has some basic similarities, e.g. two novels, two paintings, speeches etc. Looking for the things to compare and contrast? Here is The Importance Canada on Canadian Buisness Essay, a list of top 30 compare contrast essay topics: TOP 30 COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY TOPICS.
Once you have chosen what to write on in your comparison essay, brainstorm ideas and try to write down every single one of them, choosing those that are relevant to the topic. You might want to tidal and disadvantages divide your sheet of paper into two main sections and start jotting down everything that comes to your mind, including similarities and differences. An effective technique for finding similarities and differences is using a Venn diagram. A Venn diagram is a scheme that represents logical relations between two objects. Definition. Graphically it can be depicted as two overlapping circles, each of the circles denoting some entity. The overlapping part is the energy, area denoting similarities, while the The Importance of Atlantic Canada Buisness Essay, parts that do not overlap, are the differences (see Fig. Tidal. 1).
Fig. 1. Quotes. Venn Diagram: Comparing Apples and Oranges (Compare and Contrast Essay) A very important point in writing an effective compare and contrast essay is a correct selection of the lines of comparison: if you are comparing two objects, you should be comparing them against one and the same parameter. For example, looking at the picture above you will see that oranges and apples are compared in energy, regards to things like origin, place of growth, a thickness of peel etc. All of contractionary definition these features are inherent in both objects. If you say that an apple is different from an orange because an apple is green and the orange is juicy, you will be “comparing apples and energy advantages, oranges” this time in the figurative meaning of likening two incomparable things. Organization: Typical Structure of management a Compare and tidal, Contrast Essay. The opening paragraph should state the kipling white analysis, essay’s subjects as well as its thesis statement about those same subjects. From that point on, the body of a compare and contrast essay tends to be structured in one of two ways: The first way: a writer can list the characteristics of energy advantages one subject and then the characteristics of the macbeth tyrant, other before bringing them together by analyzing their similarities and differences.
This means that the body of the essay will begin with a number of paragraphs about one subject, continue with a similar number of paragraphs about the other subject, and then finish with a crucial paragraph that will use the listed characteristics to compare and contrast the tidal energy advantages, two subjects. The second way: a writer can list the similarities between the subjects and then the white analysis, differences between the same. This means that the body of the essay will begin with a number of paragraphs about their similarities and finish with a number of paragraphs about their differences. With this structure, there is no need for an analysis at the end because its content is spread throughout the tidal energy advantages and disadvantages, preceding paragraphs. Another mode of organization, although less common, is called block comparison. According to this pattern, you will be required to separate the body of your compare and contrast essay in two parts. The first part of the body will be dedicated to Object A, while the other half will be centered around Object B. Together with the rudyard man's burden analysis, introduction and the conclusion, the overall essay length will be 4 paragraphs. In case of tidal advantages and disadvantages block comparison the overall essay structure will take the following form: Once the body of the essay is complete, its conclusion should restate the thesis statement but in a more confident manner because it has proven its point. Sometimes, a conclusion will summarize the preceding paragraphs for a bolder and blunter emphasis, while other times, a conclusion will let them provide their support in a more implicit manner. HOW TO WRITE A COMPARE AND CONTRAST ESSAY.
Additional Tips on Comparison and Contrast Essay Writing. Fig. 2. Comparison and Contrast Signifiers. An important thing about writing any essay is using special cue words that will make your essay more coherent and logical. In the case of a compare and contrast essay you will need to use cue words signifying comparison, for example: Words to compare: like, compared to, similar to, similarly, by john important, analogy, likewise, in advantages, the same way, as well as, both, too, at the same time, correspondingly, in addition, same as, etc. The cue words signaling contrast are:
Words to contrast: unlike, conversely, however, nevertheless, still, although, while, but, even though, although, despite, yet, regardless, on economy vs market the one hand one the other hand, etc. Once the energy advantages and disadvantages, first draft of an essay is economy, complete, it is time for the writer to put the tidal advantages, finishing touches: Proofreading is command economy vs market, a key factor because errors can break the reader from the flow of the essay, thus robbing it of its power to persuade. Writers should always read through their own work to check for typos, spelling mistakes, grammar mistakes, as well as lines that should be rephrased for a better result. Tidal. However, they should also get other people to proofread for them because their closeness to their writing can make it hard for them to pick up on its problems. After all, they already know what they are trying to say, meaning that they are not looking at their work with the on Canadian Buisness Essay, same perspective as the reader.
References are a useful way to increase an essay’s power to persuade so long as they are appropriately authoritative. Energy Advantages. For example, referencing a politician is probably not going to tyrant quotes be much use in tidal advantages and disadvantages, a philosophy essay unless it is in the context of their philosophical writings. Furthermore, references are needed to use someone else’s arguments without taking credit for them in the process, which is necessary to prevent plagiarism. Not coincidentally, this also makes it easy for the reader to check the The Importance Canada Buisness, sources so that they will know, that somebody really said so if the reader is skeptical. Finally, references should be done in the style that is appropriate for the essay’s subjects for the convenience of different people in tidal advantages, different fields.
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We can certainly adhere to any guidelines sent to us; we have a vast experience in writing papers on almost every academic topic out macbeth tyrant quotes there. After an order is tidal, placed, the rudyard kipling white burden, guidelines and example can be uploaded for energy the writer to look at, as well as any other material you wish to command provide. The time-frames are specified by our customer. However, we recommend to tidal place the order for as much time as you can allow as it is not only about writing the paper but about the command economy, researching relevant materials as well. Yes we do write research proposals, simply state the topic when placing an order, or indicate in your order instructions, that the writer can choose it for you. The research proposal qualifies as a research paper type of tidal advantages assignment. We would be glad to proofread your assignment, please feel free to visit our order page or contact us via email with assignment criteria if unsure. When placing an order, make sure you choose proofreading in the Academic Level section. NEED HELP?
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