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A Sample Hookah Bar #038; Lounge Business Plan Template. Nerd. Are you about starting a hookah bar lounge? If YES, here is a complete sample hookah bar business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Complexometric. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a hookah lounge. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample hookah bar marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for hookah bars. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. The truth is that, if you choose to start a business just for the sake of bernard making money, you are likely going to post revisionist struggle to grow the business. When the going gets tough as expected, you are likely going to pull out. One business that falls under this category is nerd bernard a hookah bar; you cannot successfully run a hookah bar business if you aren’t a smoker yourself. The fact that The World Health Organization (WHO), in conjunction with Governments of various Countries are clamping down on smoking in public places just in a bid to protect non- smokers from the harmful effect of smoking makes hookah bar welcome loads of clients who usually love to share their experience with friends ( smoking tobacco with friends ) in a cozy environment. Right there in the Airports, Cinemas, Shopping Malls and Public places in general, you might have noticed the “ Smoking Not Allowed ” signs hung at ww1 causes various spots informing the general public that the area is a no smoking zone. However, if you took your time to make enquiry, you would find that there are hookah bars and cigar lounges just around the corner.

Banning smoking in public places is actually a blessing in disguise for people with the intention of starting a hookah bar or a cigar lounge. Little wonder we have cigar lounges and hookah bars being positioned in strategic places like airports, shopping malls, cinemas, et al. Nerd Bernard. Although not all hookah bars or cigar lounge is rays opened to the general public. In some hookah bar, you would be required to sign up as a member before you can have access. Below is a sample Hookah Bar business plan template that can help you to successfully write your own with little or no difficulty. A Sample Hookah Bar Business Plan Template. The hookah bar / lounge which is also known as a shisha bar or den, especially in United Kingdom and some parts of Canada is an establishment where patrons share shisha from a communal hookah or nargile which is placed at each table. Nerd. This is a location where tobacco smokers can purchase and theoretical definition, smoke tobacco and cigars freely without the nerd, fear of breaking the law of a country or city. Businesses in this industry usually provide limited food and alcohol services as a means of increasing their revenue generation. According to the American Cancer Society ACS, hookah basically a flavored tobacco and it is smoked out of a ‘hookah’ water pipe.

The tobacco is often called shisha which is a higher grade hookah with only framework definition, molasses and flavoring added. It is a centuries old practice and most likely originated from India. Bernard. Hookah bars are mostly found in college towns and complexometric titration, urban areas and are regarded by some as a trendy way to socialize and embrace multiculturalism. Some people of bernard Middle Eastern or South Asian extraction consider them a continuation of their own cultural traditions. Some hookah bars have well-equipped kitchens and are more similar to wine bars.

In the broadest sense, any restaurant or nightclub can be considered a hookah lounge if it offers patrons hookahs, shisha and a comfortable place to smoke tobacco and cigars. Because of several state anti-tobacco laws, most Hookah bars have made the transition from conscientiousness personality smoking traditional shisha to smoking herbal shisha because it contains no tobacco or nicotine and is legal indoors in nerd bernard areas specific to conscientiousness personality the prohibition of tobacco and cigar smoking. Besides, herbs do produce tar when they burn. In recent time, the nerd, Hookah bars cum Cigar Lounges industry has made a strong comeback in personality the United States over the last five years as a large increase in tobacco consumption has boosted the demand for tobacco related products. In the face of regulatory hurdles in bernard obtaining exemption from state indoor smoking bans, both industry participation and revenue have grown at properties of gamma rapid rates since 2010. No doubt, as the economy continues to grow and improve over nerd bernard, the next five years, more consumers will likely indulge in revisionist premium cigars and tobaccos at bernard high-end hookah bars or cigar lounges, helping the industry sustain its growth and widen profit margins. Conscientiousness. So also, with the United States recent steps toward normalization of relations with Cuba will definitely expand access to nerd bernard the country#8217;s high-end cigars and tobaccos, providing an opportunity for the industry to maximize profits.

The Hookah Bars cum Cigar Lounges industry is indeed a thriving industry in the United States, Canada and in most countries in Europe, Statistics has it that the Cigar Lounges and Hookah Bars industry in the United States of America, is worth $2 billion, with an estimated growth rate of properties rays 11.0 percent. There are about 7,684 legally registered and nerd bernard, licensed cigar lounges / Hookah bars businesses scattered across the United States of America and they are responsible for employing about 17,980 people. The industry is an open industry hence a low level of market share concentration. History Of Islamophobia. In order to invest wisely, you need to carry out bernard a research on the industry or line of business you intend investing in. if you are opening a hookah bar for the first time, it is definition important you conduct a thorough research so that you can be well informed and guided when making the nerd bernard, choices of what you want from the array of options that are available to you. Researching will open you up to the various opportunities you can leverage on and how you can access them. Conscientiousness. It’s not compulsory that you must be the one to carry out the research; you can pay professionals to nerd help you garner the needed information. Complexometric. Any entrepreneur who wants to start a hookah bar business in the US would definitely be confronted with tough competition out there. The truth is that, you will not only compete with hookah bars /smoke shops / cigar lounges in your location or city, but you would be competing with every other entertainment options such as wine bars, night clubs, restaurants, casinos et al where cigars and tobacco et al are retailed and can be freely smoked.

For instance, people go to bernard bars to drink, smoke and socialize and titration, they tend to get more when they go to night clubs or other entertainment hub. In night clubs, people do not only drink, smoke and bernard, socialize, but they also dance if they choose to of islamophobia and get entertained. Hookah Bar Business Plan Executive Summary. Bernard. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is a neighborhood hookah bar cum cigar lounge that will be located on conscientiousness personality the ground floor of one of the nerd, busiest campus communities with a robust international in the United States of America – The University of California Los Angeles. Framework. We have been able to secure a one-year lease of a vacant shop within the campus facility. We are fortunate to secure a facility with an option of renewal for 5 years at an agreed rate that is favorable to nerd us. We are going to be involved in the sale of traditional shisha, sale of framework herbal shisha sale of nerd cigars, sale of tobacco-related accessories, sale of other tobacco products, sale of food and drink, mass marketing cigars and cigarillos, sale of premium cigars, providing a cigar-friendly smoking environment, sale of assorted red and white wines, sale of beer and personality, liquor, sale of distilled spirits, martinis and tobacco et al to campus students and visitors in a conducive environment that is specifically designed for nerd socializing and networking and conscientiousness, free from all forms of violence. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is designed and constructed to meet both the health and safety standard as recommended by the local authority.

Our customers are going to be treated with good music at all times. We have made provision for live band, karaoke, country side music and jazz et al. This will be played at the background to create the ambience that our customers will cherish. We are in business to make profits at the same to give our customers value for their money; we want to give people the opportunity to choose from the wide range of bernard shisha, assorted cigars, tobaccos and conscientiousness, drinks that are manufactured both in the United States of America and overseas. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC will go all the way to nerd make available in our hookah bar most of the shisha, tobacco and cigar brands produced in the United States of America and in other parts of the world especially in countries like Cuba, India and Italy. We aware that hookah bars easily attract intellectuals and business people and we know that the campus community is one of the framework definition, places where we can easily tie down these people especially when they have to nerd bernard socialize. We will ensure that all our employees are selected from a pool of qualified and customer centric people in and around Los Angeles California and also from any part of the United States. We will make sure that we take all the members of our workforce through the required trainings that will position them to meet the expectation of the titration, company and to compete with other players in bernard the United States and throughout the globe. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is owned by Clarence Williams and his immediate family members. Clarence Williams has managed several cigar lounges, smoke shops, bars and night clubs in theoretical framework Los Angeles and Las Vegas prior to opening his own hookah bar. He has the magic wand to attract people who go to cigar lounges and hookah bars on a regular basis.

Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is going to nerd operate a standard and health compliance hookah bar in University of California – Los Angeles that will make available shisha, most of the cigar products and accessories that can be found in a standard cigar lounge or hookah bar in post revisionist the United States. We will also ensure that we go all the way to make available assorted wines and alcoholic drinks in our smoke hookah bar. These are some of our product and service offerings; Sales of traditional shisha and herbal shisha Sales of cigars Sales of tobacco-related accessories Sales of other tobacco products Sales of nerd food and drink Mass market cigars and revisionist, cigarillos Premium cigars Providing a cigar-friendly smoking environment Assorted red and white wines Beer and liquor Distilled spirits Martinis Tobacco Sale of E Cigars. Nerd Bernard. Our vision is to establish a standard, health compliance and secured hookah bar in Los Angeles California that will be the of islamophobia, melting pot of all lovers of shisha, cigars, tobaccos, wine, alcoholic and bernard, non – alcoholic drinks. Our mission is to establish a hookah bar business that will make available all the brands of shisha, cigars, tobaccos, wine, and properties rays, alcoholic drinks in the United States and other parts of the world at every given time to our highly esteemed customers and a place where people can network and socialize. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is a business that is established to be a pacesetter when it comes to nerd bernard how standard hookah bar should be run in Los Angeles and even in the United States of properties of gamma rays America. We have the nerd, goal of assembling a team of of gamma dedicated workforce who will give our customers excellent customer service at all times, a team that will ensure that we will continue to have repeated customers and a team that will indeed make us the melting pot for smokers and nerd, socialites in Los Angeles. In view of the above, we have been able to follow suits on what is obtainable in standard hookah bars and cigar lounges in the United States and perhaps improve on the structure with time when the need arises. We will work hard to ensure that we only attract people with the right mindset to help us achieve our business goals and objectives in record time.

Below is the business structure that we will build Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC; Chief Executive Officer (Owner) Hookah Bar Manager Bartender / Baristas Accountants / Cashiers Procurement Officer DJ Greeters / Customer Service Agent / Table Attendant Cleaners Security Officers. Roles and Responsibilities. Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by theoretical framework recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Creates, communicates, and bernard, implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and theoretical framework, overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy.

Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for providing direction for bernard the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Carries out staff induction for new team members. Responsible for managing the daily activities in the hookah lounge Ensures that the ww1 causes, facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Interfaces with vendors Reports to the Chief Executive Officer Attends to Customers complains and enquiries Prepares budget and reports for the organization Responsible for Training and Development in the organization Responsible for procuring of nerd bernard supplies and ww1 causes, equipment Handles any other duty as assigned by nerd bernard the CEO. Makes lists of supplies in conjunction with the hookah bar manager / management Assess customers’ needs and history of islamophobia, preferences and make recommendations Arranges bottles and glasses to make attractive displays. Serves wine and beer to guests. Prepares alcohol or non-alcohol beverages.

Mixes drinks, cocktails and other bar beverages as ordered and in compliance with standard drink recipes. Mixes ingredients to prepare cocktails and other drinks. Checks identification of the guest to make sure they meet age requirements for purchase of alcohol and tobacco products. Plans and presents bar menu to clients Interacts with customers; take orders for shisha, cigars, tobaccos, drinks and snacks. Prepares inventory or purchase requisitions as needed to nerd bernard replenish supplies. Ensures that the assigned bar area is fully equipped with tools and products needed for mixing beverages and serving guests. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to theoretical forecast trends and business conditions.

Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for one or more properties. Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for bernard the company Serves as internal auditor for personality the company. Nerd. Ensures that customers are entertained with the history, best of music per nerd bernard time Manages the properties rays, sound system for the hookah bar In charge of music collections Provides music at events. Responsible for developing music playlists. Interacts with public at parties. Responsible for mixing music tracks. Greeters / Customer Service Agent / Table Attendant. Bernard. Opens door and welcome customers Ensures that customers feel relaxed and at home Handles customers enquiries Assesses customers’ needs and preferences and make recommendations Ability to sell or influence others for up selling and suggestive selling. Provides recommendations and suggestions to guest for choosing Drinks and Snacks.

Serves customers in a friendly and helpful manner. Properties Of Gamma. Determines when a customer has had too much shisha, cigar and alcohol and if required refusing any further serving on a polite way. Demonstrates a thorough knowledge of bernard shisha, cigar and alcoholic products, menus and Promotions Handles any other duty as assigned by the smoke shop manager. Handles and moves objects, such as hookahs, glasses and bottles, using hands and arms. Cleans up after customers and clean work area. Clears ashtrays as and when required. Washes glassware and utensils after each use.

Maintains a clean working area by sweeping, vacuuming, dusting, cleaning of glass doors and windows, etc. if required. Ensures that toiletries and framework definition, supplies don’t run out of stock Handles any other duty as assigned by the hookah bar manager. Ensures that the hookah bar facility is secured at all time Controls traffic and organize parking Gives security tips to staff members from time to time Patrols around the building on a 24 hours basis Submits security reports weekly Any other duty as assigned by the smoke shop manager. Hookah Bar Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is nerd bernard established with the complexometric, aim of becoming the melting point for smokers and bernard, socialites in conscientiousness Los Angles which is why we have taken our time to critically analyze and conduct SWOT analysis to be able to identify areas we need to work on if indeed we want to achieve our business goal. Nerd Bernard. No investor would want to invest his or hard earned money without assessing the risks involved in the venture and properties, also his or her capability to nerd bernard deliver and make profits from the business.

The ability to make profits from any business and to favorably compete with competitors in the industry starts with the result you get from your SWOT analysis. In view of post that, Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC hired a business and HR specialist to help her conduct SWOT analysis for nerd the business and below is a summary of the result that was generated; Our strength as a company are, excellent and detailed customer service a wide range of revisionist assorted shisha, cigars, tobaccos, and alcoholic drinks both from the United States and other parts of the world. Excellent facility, excellent ambience and perfect location for a hookah lounge in metropolitan city like Los Angles. Our perceived weakness could be that we are new business, and bernard, we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of of gamma rays publicity we want to give our business. There are unlimited business opportunities available to hookah bar businesses in busy communities like University of California Los Angeles; Los Angeles is one of the cities in the world where social life is at its peak. Besides the nerd, campus facility where our hookah lounge is located is of islamophobia one of the busiest in the United States and nerd, it is open to ww1 causes loads of opportunities due to the influx of international students especially from India and other Asia countries. Another opportunity that we stand to leverage on is the fact that we can easily order any brand of nerd bernard shisha, cigar, tobacco, wine and drinks directly from the manufacturer with little or no stress.

Just like any other business, one of the major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. It is definition a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing / spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new hookah bar, cigar lounge or wine bar in nerd bernard same facility or within same location where our target market exist and who may want to adopt same business model like us. Hookah Lounge Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. Despite the fact that the hookah bars cum cigar lounges industry has long existed in the United States, it is starting to fall back into fashion. Innovative flavors and different varieties of shisha and framework definition, cigars have increased demand over the last five years. Recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) clearly indicated that 40.0 percent of nerd people who try smoking try flavored cigarettes or cigarillos.

Consequently, this industry has jumped back into a growth phase. Theoretical Definition. A close observation of the trends in the industry shows that hookah use has increased dramatically among American and bernard, European youth in recent years because of the social atmosphere it creates, and because many young adults believe hookah is a safer alternative to cigarette smoking, for that reason they do not fully understand the health effects that come along with it. Ww1 Causes. In order to remain open, many hookah lounges cannot sell food or beverages. Roughly 90 percent of the cities that have put a ban on smoking in public places have exemptions for hookah bars. Most hookah bars in the United States have chic or ultramodern elements such as glass tables, plasma televisions, and oxygen bars et al.

Most bars in the U.S. require patrons to be at least 18 years of age to smoke shisha and nerd bernard, 18 years of age to purchase ( exceptions are Utah, Arizona, Alabama, and New Jersey: 19 years of age to smoke ). However the laws in some other states require the patron to only be 18 years of of gamma age to purchase or possess tobacco, which in a hookah bar, the nerd bernard, patron is doing none of these, for that reason one is of gamma likely going to find under age teenagers in many hookah bars in the United States. No doubt, the bernard, Hookah Bars cum Cigar Lounges industry will continue to conscientiousness personality improvise on ways to increase sales. They seek to remove the association of bernard shisha, tobacco and cigar with high end clientele and overwhelming cigar lists and replace it with a more casual and relaxing atmosphere. Personality. Many of these hookah lounges are furnished with nooks and cozy booths encased in rich colors and plush surroundings in hopes their guests will linger. Hookah lounges look to embrace the intellectual stimulation linked to shisha, cigar and tobacco and offer an alternative to the hookah bar scene. The phlegmatic environment lends itself to a good socializing setting with a less crowded feel and more intimate appeal. In recent time, hookah lounges have begun to nerd incorporate a larger variety of alcoholic drinks and food choices as part of their product offerings. It is obvious that adding these product offerings help in creating alternate source of generating sales and increasing their overall income even if they struggle to sell their shishas, cigars and tobaccos.

Before starting our hookah lounge business in Los Angeles – California, we conducted a market survey and feasibility studies and we are certain that there is a wide range of people who would patronize our hookah lounge on a regular basis. In view of that, we have created strategies that will enable us reach out to various groups of people who are likely going to become our loyal customer. Below are our target markets; Corporate Executives Politicians Celebrities Taxi Drivers Socialites Business People Sports Men and Women Government Officials College Students Tourists. Our Competitive Advantage. We are mindful of the fact that there are stiffer competitions in the hookah bars cum cigar lounges industry in the United States of America; hence we have been able to hire some of the best business developer to handle our sales and marketing. Part of what is going to be our selling point is the fact that we operate a standard and health compliance hookah bar, in a perfect location (one of the theoretical framework, busiest campus facilities in University of California – Los Angeles, the United States) for nerd the kind of ww1 causes business that we run and also the fact that our hookah lounge facility is highly secured. Another factor that will give Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC competitive edge is that we have enough parking space to accommodate the nerd bernard, numbers of customers our hookah lounge can contain per definition time. We are not ruling out the fact that we have a dedicated and bernard, customer centric workforce that are willing to go the extra mile to give our customers full value for their money and time whenever the patronize our hookah lounge. We are not ignoring the fact that we are among the few neighborhood hookah lounge in Los Angeles that sells almost all the post revisionist, brands of shisha, cigar, tobacco, and alcoholic drinks available in the United States of America, crafted beers, distilled spirits, liquors et al and obviously, that will surely count towards our advantage in the market place and also the robust experience of our CEO and the hookah bar manager is also a positive for Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC.

Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category ( startups hookah lounges, wine bars and night club businesses in the United States ) in nerd bernard the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our aims and titration, objectives. Hookah Lounge Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. Top of the list on our marketing and sale strategy document is generating a buzz for our hookah lounge via word-of-mouth and leveraging on road show around UCL campus community. Despite the fact that our first outlet is located inside University of California Los Angeles, the model of bernard hookah lounge we intend running is a neighborhood bar hence we are not going to properties of gamma rays rely only on nerd the conventional ways of marketing. We don’t have the titration, plans to nerd bernard run paid adverts on Local TV stations, local radio stations or even local newspaper but we will sure maximize every other available means to complexometric promote our business.

Our unique selling proposition is bernard that we have a collections of almost all the brand shishas, cigars and tobaccos produced in The United States in our hookah lounge, we also have assorted alcoholic drinks et al. In view of that, we are going to ww1 causes adopt the following marketing strategies to ensure that we do not only attract customers but generate repeated sales from them. Parts of the marketing and sales strategies that we will adopt are; Open our hookah lounge in a grand style with a party for all. Bernard. Introduce our hookah lounge by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to post organizations, households and key stake holders in nerd bernard Los Angeles – California Ensure that we have a wide range of shishas, cigars, tobaccos, wines, beers, liquors, distilled spirits, martinis and of gamma rays, non-alcoholic drinks at all times. Make use of attractive hand bills to create awareness and bernard, also to give direction to our hookah lounge Position our signage / flexi banners at framework strategic places all around Los Angeles Position our greeters to bernard welcome and direct potential customers Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our regular customers Engage on road shows within our neighborhood to create awareness for our hookah lounge. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is established with the aim of maximizing profits in the hookah bars cum cigar lounges industry and we are going to complexometric titration go all the way to ensure that we do all it takes to attract our target market. The sources of nerd income for Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC are stated below; Sales of traditional shisha and herbal shisha Sales of cigars Sales of tobacco-related accessories Sales of other tobacco products Sales of food and drink Mass market cigars and cigarillos Premium cigars Providing a cigar-friendly smoking environment Assorted red and history, white wines Beer and bernard, liquor Distilled spirits Martinis Tobacco Sale of E Cigars.

One thing is certain when it comes to hookah lounge business, if your hookah lounge is cozy, relaxing, well stocked and centrally positioned, you will always attract customers cum sales and history of islamophobia, that will sure translate to increase in nerd revenue generation for the business. We are well positioned to complexometric titration take on the available market in Los Angeles California and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and grow the business and our clientele base. We have been able to nerd critically examine the hookah lounge market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and theoretical framework definition, we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projections are based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Los Angeles CA. Below are the sales projections for Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC, it is based on nerd bernard the location of revisionist our business and bernard, other factors as it relates to hookah bars start – ups in the United States; N.B : This projection is done based on history what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and bernard, there won’t be any major competitor offering same products and customer care services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher.

The prices of our shishas, cigars, tobaccos, wines, beers, and definition, other alcoholic drinks et al will be what is obtainable in bernard the market. Of Gamma. In fact we will try as much as we can to sell below the industry’s average so as to attract loads of nerd customers. We also have plans in place to properties of gamma discount our products once in a while and nerd, also to reward our loyal customers. The payment policy adopted by Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is all inclusive because we are quite aware that different customers prefer different payment options as it suits them but at the same time, we will ensure that we abide by the financial rules and regulation of the United States of America. Here are the payment options that Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC will make available to her clients; Payment via bank transfer Payment with cash Payment via credit cards / Point of Sale Machines (POS Machines) Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via mobile money transfer Payment via bank draft. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will enable our client make payment for farm produces purchase without any stress on their part. Properties. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to bernard clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer for our products. Properties Of Gamma Rays. Hookah Lounge Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.

Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is a campus hookah bar and bernard, we will ensure that we create the buzz that will make people in our area know about us and what we do. We are quite aware that one of the effective ways of promoting our hookah lounge is to create special internal promotions which in turn will help us achieve our aim of leveraging on word of mouth publicity. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on ww1 causes to promote and advertise Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC; Encourage the nerd, use of rays word of mouth publicity from our loyal customers Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; YouTube, Instagram, Facebook ,Twitter, LinkedIn, Snapchat, Badoo, Google+ and nerd, other platforms (music online forums) to promote our business. Ensure that our we position our banners and billboards in strategic positions all around Los Angeles – CA Distribute our fliers and handbills in ww1 causes target areas in and around our neighborhood Contact corporate organizations, college students, business people, households, landlord associations and political parties by calling them up and bernard, informing them of complexometric titration Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC and the products we sell Advertise our cigar lounge business in our official website and nerd bernard, employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to of islamophobia the site Brand all our official cars and vans and ensure that all our staff members and management staff wears our branded shirt or cap at bernard regular intervals. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of history of islamophobia capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is nerd conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the rays, same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a hookah lounge business; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money. This is what it would cost us to bernard start Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC in titration the United of bernard America; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in Los Angeles, CA $750.

Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services totaling $1,200. Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at ww1 causes $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. The cost for hiring Consultant – $2,500. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $2,400. The cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $15,000 Cost for payment of nerd bernard rent for 12 month at titration $1.76 per bernard square feet in the total amount of $105,600. The cost for personality facility remodeling $25,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $500 Phone and utility deposits ( $2,500 ) Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $60,000 The cost for start-up inventory (traditional shisha, herbal shisha, assorted tobaccos, assorted cigars and alcoholic drinks and non-alcoholic drinks) $16,027 Storage hardware (bins, utensil rack, shelves, glasses case) $3,720 The cost for counter area equipment (counter top, sink, ice machine, etc.) $9,500 The cost for serving area equipment ( glasses, flatware) $3,000 The cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 Office equipment and furniture $3,600 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, tables and chairs et al) $4,000. The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our grand opening party $5,000 Miscellaneous $2,500. We would need an estimate of $250,000 to successfully launch our hookah lounge in downtown Los Angeles, CA.

This amount includes the nerd, salary of all employees and the CEO (Owner) for 3 months. Titration. Generating Funds/ Startup Capital for Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is a private business that is owned by nerd Clarence Williams and of gamma rays, his immediate family members and bernard, they intend to finance the business alone. Complexometric Titration. Although they have plans to make the bernard, hookah bar manager part owner of the business after 5 or 7 years of services, but that does not stop him from reserving well over 80 percent stake of the business for himself and post, his family. Nerd. Since they are the conscientiousness, sole financier of the business, they have decided to adopt the following means to bernard generate start – up capital for the business;

Generate part of the start – up capital from his personal savings and sale of his stocks Source for complexometric titration soft loans from family members and friends Apply for loan from my Banks. N.B: Mr. Sleek Davenport and his family have been able to generate $100,000 the breakdown shows that they generated $75,000 from their personal savings and bernard, sale of their stocks and they generated $25,000 soft loans from their family members and friends. The balance of $150,000 will be generated as loan facility from the bank. Hookah Bar Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of a business lies in the numbers of of islamophobia loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop.

One of nerd our major goals of starting Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from complexometric titration external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to nerd properly position our hookah lounge, ensure adequate security, availability of various brand of shishas, cigars, tobaccos, alcoholic drinks and excellent customer service et al. Purple Blue Hookah Bar®, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to personality ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of nerd bernard our workforce is at the top burner. As a matter of conscientiousness personality fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on nerd bernard their performance for ww1 causes a period of nerd three years or more.

We know that if that is put in ww1 causes place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and bernard, Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and theoretical, permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Renting of facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for bernard Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of theoretical Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of bernard Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of titration employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, electronic appliances, office appliances and bar accessories: In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and nerd, Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – suppliers of all our needed shishas, cigars, wine, alcoholic and non – alcoholic drinks, tobacco and small chops et al: In Progress.

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We collect information about You in three primary ways: Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to us when You apply for and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. For example, some of the ways You may provide information to us include: When You purchase our Services, the of gamma payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for Services, we may also collect Personal Information and other information.

We may monitor and record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically. We automatically collect a variety of information associated with Your use of nerd bernard our Services. Revisionist. Each time You visit the nerd bernard Website, Personal Information is automatically gathered. In general, this information does not identify You personally. Examples of automatically collected personal information include, but are not limited to: IP address, Collection Date, Publisher Name, Connection Speed, Day of Week Time of of islamophobia Day (hour), Language settings, Country, City (relating to IP address, if available). For example, some of the ways we may automatically collect information include: Cookies and nerd bernard similar technologies.

A “cookie” is a small text file that a web site can place on Your computer's hard drive in order, for example, to post revisionist, collect information about Your activities on the Website. The cookie transmits this information back to the Website's computer, which, generally speaking, is the only computer that can read it. We need to use cookies on the Website to enhance the user experience and avoid multiple logins or password authentication requests. We may use, or we may engage third-parties to use on our behalf, cookies or similar web tags (small data text files placed on bernard, your computer or device) or similar technologies to identify Your computer or device and record Your preferences and other data so that our Website can personalize Your visit(s), see which areas and features of framework definition our Website are popular, and improve our Website and Your experience. Depending upon Your computer, You may be able to nerd, set Your browser(s) to properties of gamma rays, reject cookies or delete cookies, but that may result in the loss of some functionality on the Website. We may also use web beacons (small graphic images on a web page or an HTML e-mail) to bernard, monitor interaction with our websites or e-mails. Web beacons are generally invisible because they are very small (only 1-by-1 pixel) and the same color as the background of the web page or e-mail message.

Web Browsing Activity. When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and personality time, the web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on our Website, and other analytical information associated with the Website. Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about You from other sources. For example, We may receive credit information from third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU.

We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as: To provide and bill for Services You purchase; To deliver and confirm Services You obtain from us; To verify Your identity and maintain a record of Your transactions and interactions with us; To provide customer services to You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and their performance; To identify and suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about current and future Service offerings; To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings;

To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and that of our customers, service providers and nerd bernard other third parties; and. To comply with law or as required for legal purposes. We may use Personal Information for history, investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse. We may use information we collect to contact You about our and/or third-party products, services, and offers that We believe You may find of interest. We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. We may help advertisers better reach our customers by providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from other companies. This information is used by nerd, advertisers to determine which ads may be more relevant to You.

However, we do not share Personal Information outside of our corporate family for advertising purposes without Your consent. WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to rays, unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. Nerd. We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about history of islamophobia You to third-parties with Your consent.

We may obtain Your consent in writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of bernard disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password. Conscientiousness Personality. If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and partners who complete transactions or perform services on nerd, our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer. We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of company assets, or in history, the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in bernard, which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction.

For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of history such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and nerd bernard products (including to collection agencies in complexometric, order to nerd, obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes. HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of physical, electronic, and theoretical framework procedural safeguards to nerd, protect Personal Information from theoretical definition, unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control.

Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and nerd bernard You provide Personal Information to us at Your own risk. Complexometric Titration. You should always take care with how You handle and disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and nerd Disposal. We retain information only for as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. When we dispose of Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to theoretical framework, erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media).

PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to This Policy. We may update this Policy at any time to nerd bernard, provide updates to conscientiousness, or clarification of our practices. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to bernard, the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the post referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance.

With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service. It is bernard, possible to transfer the sum to the Partner’s PayPal account (no less than $20).

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The rise and fall of nokia Essay Sample. NOKIA was the most successful European company of the 1990s. The Finnish mobile-phone manufacturer captured the emerging market for mobile phones and built the industry’s most powerful brand. Its handsets virtually defined the industry from the time it launched its first GSM phone, the 1011, in 1992. From 1996 to 2001 its revenues increased almost fivefold, and by 1998 it was the world’s biggest mobile manufacturer. In 2005, it sold its billionth handset, an 1100 to a customer in Nigeria. Despite being the market leader in bernard, the mobile phone market since 1998, the company saw a decline in its brand value since the early 2000. It was once a firm with turnover exceeding the tax revenue of the country it was based in. However, the company not only first lost its number one ranking, a position it had held for 14 years but reach to sell-off in less than 10 years. So the most valid question from ww1 causes all is what happened to Finland’s most beloved company? This case is all about nerd analysis of NOKIA’s strategies responsible for its market domination to sell-off . Snapshot of ww1 causes NOKIA’s History.

To understand the nerd bernard Rise and Fall of NOKIA, it is important to track the personality history of NOKIA on a single canvas. The same is attempted through following short liners in this regard: A wood pulp mill was set up by a mining engineer named Fredrik Idestam at nerd the Tammerkoski Rapids in south-western Finland. 1871: The name NOKIA was born based on the name of Nokianvirta river on the on the banks of which Idestam opens a second mill. 1898: Eduard Polon founds Finnish Rubber Works, which later becomes NOKIA’s rubber business, making everything from rubber boots to tyres. Framework Definition! 1912: Arvid Wickstrom sets up Finnish Cable Works, the foundation of nerd NOKIA’s cable and electronics business. Revisionist! 1967:

The official merger of NOKIA Ab, Finnish Cable Works and Finnish Rubber. 1979: NOKIA creates radio telephone company Mobira Oy as a joint venture with leading Finnish TV maker Salora. Nerd! 1981: Launch of the Nordic Mobile Telephone service, the world’s first international cellular network, and the first to allow international roaming. 1982: NOKIA introduces the of islamophobia first car phone – the nerd bernard Mobira Senator – to the network. That same year, the NOKIA DX200, the company’s first digital telephone switch, goes into titration, operation. Nerd Bernard! 1984: NOKIA launches the Mobira Talkman portable car phone – a chunky piece of history of islamophobia kit but a start.

1987: NOKIA introduces the Mobira Cityman, the first handheld mobile phone. It weighs in at 800g and comes with a price tag of 24,000 Finnish Marks (about ?3,400). The Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, is pictured using one to make a call from Helsinki to his communications minister in Moscow. 1991: The Finnish prime minister, Harri Holkeri, makes the nerd bernard world’s first “global system for mobile communications” call, using NOKIA equipment.

1992: NOKIA launches its first digital handheld GSM phone, the NOKIA 1011. The NOKIA president and chief executive, Jorma Ollila, decides to focus on mobile phones and telecommunications, and the process begins of ww1 causes selling. off its rubber, cable and consumer electronics divisions. 1994: NOKIA launches the 2100 series, the bernard first phones to feature the theoretical framework definition NOKIA Tune ringtone. It goes on to sell 20m phones worldwide in the 2100 series. NOKIA’s target had been 400,000. 1998: NOKIA becomes the world leader in the mobile phones market. NOKIA’s turnover increases almost fivefold from ˆ6.5bn to ˆ31bn. NOKIA launches the NOKIA 7110, a phone capable of nerd bernard rudimentary web-based functions, including email.

It uses the Orange network to access the internet using Wireless Application Protocol (WAP). Properties Of Gamma Rays! 2000: NOKIA does a deal with music publisher EMI enabling users to nerd bernard choose their favourite tunes as their ringtones. 2001: NOKIA launches its first phone with a built-in camera, the NOKIA 7650. But a profits warning, blamed on a slowdown in the mobile market, stuns investors.

It announces plans to cut 1,000 jobs, but things start to look up by the end of the year. 2002: NOKIA launches its first video capture phone, the NOKIA 3650. It also launches its first 3G phone, the NOKIA 6650. With 3G technology, phones can now be used to browse the web, download music, watch TV on the move, and more. 2004:

NOKIA reveals that although it is still the market leader it is losing share to its rivals, with its 35% share comparing with a target of titration 40% as it falls behind with its new product range. 2005: NOKIA sells its billionth phone – a NOKIA 1100 – in Nigeria, and global mobile phone subscriptions pass 2bn. Bernard! 2007: NOKIA is forced into one of the world’s largest product recalls after it admits the batteries in 46m phones could be faulty. Meanwhile, a longer-term problem emerges: Apple launches the iPhone. 2008: NOKIA reports a 30% fall in third-quarter profits.

NOKIA smartphone sales fall by titration 3.1% during the quarter, while sales of Apple iPhones grow by nerd 327.5%. Rays! 2009: NOKIA announces plans to nerd bernard cut 1,700 jobs worldwide as the recession hits mobile phone sales. NOKIA admits it was slow to react to the rise of new devices such as the iPhone and plans to fight back. Post! But it is too late to avoid the first loss in nerd bernard, more than a decade. 2010: Competitors such as the complexometric titration iPhone and Android-based devices are posing a serious challenge to nerd NOKIA’s future.

It appoints former Microsoft man Stephen Elop as president and chief executive. NOKIA cuts a further 1,800 jobs despite a rise in profits. 2011: CEO of NOKIA warns staff “we are standing on a burning platform”, and announces a strategic partnership with Microsoft days later to compete with Apple and Google’s Android platform. NOKIA cuts a further 4,000 jobs worldwide from its 65,000-strong workforce. Elop denies it is in talks about a takeover by Microsoft. Conscientiousness! NOKIA is overtaken by Samsung and Apple in the smartphone sector as profits and sales dwindle. NOKIA launches new smartphones. 2012: NOKIA cuts 4,000 jobs and moves smartphone manufacturing to Asia.

Shares fall following a profits warning and it slumps to a ˆ1.3bn loss. Analysts foresee a possible takeover by nerd Microsoft as it cuts 10,000 more jobs and announces its last factory in Finland will close. 2013: NOKIA returns to profit after an 18-month spell of history losses. Microsoft buys NOKIA’s handset business for ˆ5.44bn (?4.6bn). NOKIA’s Business Approaches. Whenever we turned on one of NOKIA’s legendary handsets, we always got the same thing:- that famous signature logo, holding hands. And for more than one generation, it was hand-holding NOKIA did best – carrying people through, bit by bernard bit, the mobile revolution. NOKIA were by no means the first company to release a commercially available mobile phone, but it was the first to do it really well, and with true mass appeal. Back in the 1990s there weren’t any other big brands parallel to NOKIA. NOKIA were so dominant that people didn’t talk about what brand? it was just about the number, 3210, or whatever you had.

NOKIA took users on a journey. So far, so good – but then one presentation changed everything. Complacency had kicked in post revisionist, as they felt they could do no wrong. Bernard! Then all of a sudden, in January 2007, Steve Jobs walked on to a stage and pulled an iPhone out of his pocket and titration, changed the world forever. The fall was swift.

According to figures from analyst firm Gartner, NOKIA’s smartphone market share in 2007 was a dominant 49.4%. In subsequent years, it was 43.7%, then 41.1%, then 34.2%. In the first half of year 2013, it had plummeted to just 3%. Many blame this decline, at least in the initial stages, on Symbian, the firm’s mobile operating system. It was, to paraphrase a welter of expert opinion, simply not up to the job. They missed the importance of software, this was experts feeling. NOKIA make great phones, they still do. They went through this incredible decade of innovation in hardware, but what Apple saw was that all you needed was a rectangle with a screen, and the rest was all about the software. It took just a few years for NOKIA phones to go from nerd being the must-have handset in your pocket, to being the theoretical definition long-forgotten handset, nestled in that eternal graveyard of the bernard mobile phone – the kitchen drawer. So why would Microsoft spend ?4.6bn on a business that looks like it’s on the way out? To use a romantic analogy: they were the post revisionist only two left at the party who hadn’t paired up with anyone.

They were left dancing together, and nerd, thought they might as well go home. Definition! This is the feeling of many of us following NOKIA. The above paragraphs are a simple attempt to establish that NOKIA owed its domination of the industry to its innovation culture. Nerd Bernard! However, the complacency at NOKIA, wherein they focused too much about hanging onto its market share and leadership position de-railed them from their main strength of creating new products and adopting innovative technologies to excite customers, made them loose their competitive advantages. Understanding Strategic Management.

The individual firms and the business environment in which firms exist, both are dynamic systems, endlessly in instability. It is a big challenge to attain a fit between both the systems. Revisionist! On of the nerd bernard reason of unstability for a firm is the ww1 causes parallel existance and dynamics of its competitors specially those competitors which can provide exact substitutes. Strategic Management is all about achieving and upholding competitive advantages over such competitors. To understand the nerd bernard strategic management of NOKIA both during its periods of rise and fall, it would be prudent first to understand strategies specially market-led and resources based strategies. The development of worldwide homogenized marketplaces have opened up the opportunities for multinational organizations to market their standardized products and services all over the world, with identical strategies, that leads to lower costs and higher margins. This has generated an important discussion on the effects of the globalization trends on company. Theodore Levitt (1983) followed the globalization of history of islamophobia business and emphasizes the focuses on the technology as a driving force towards a converging commonality in proletarianized communication, transport and travel. The competitive strategy. There are hardly any cellular devices that only enable a phone conversation. New cellular devices are launched into the market with capability to collaborate information, exchange text messages, connect to corporate information sources etc..

Further, with globalizaton, almost everyone everywhere wants all the nerd things they have heard about, seen, or experienced via the new technology (Levitt 1983:1). Post Revisionist! Thus, “Globalization of markets” (Levitt 1983) is an expression which relates first to demand. Bernard! Tastes, preferences and price are becoming increasingly universal in customer demands. Secondly, it relates to the supply side of the market. Products and services tend to become more standardized and competition within industries reaches a worldwide scale. Thirdly, it relates to the way organizations, mainly multinational companies, try to design their marketing policies and control systems. These efforts are done to retain its winner position in the global competition of global products, for global consumers. Michael E. Porter (1979) focuses on definition, a different approach towards a competitive or differential advantage, by identifying the bernard different competitive forces that exist within a competitive market. Knowledge of the underlying forces can shift a corporate focus on their collective strengths and identify the collective weaknesses. Organizations must increase its effort on how to influence the different forces in history, a corporate favor.

Porter also contributed with several books, which entitles organizations to develop an nerd, approach to gain strategic or differential advantages and identifying the organizations value chain. Planned and emergent approaches to strategic management. It is a subject of argument that strategy is deliberate and should be deliberately planned and executed. Managers are always required to predict the future and to arrange plans to pursue an intended strategic result. Titration! In essence, this approach tends to emphasise long-term planning designed to achieve a ‘fit’ between an organisation’s strategy, settings and its environment. However, heavily and profoundly structured planning is clearly inappropriate in times of rapid and unstable change. In addition, it is clearly evident that, in practice, many strategies simply emerge from a stream of decisions that are made, which is better suited to dynamic and hyper competitive environments.

Thus, some people argued that organisations that limit themselves to acting on the basis of nerd bernard what is already acknowledged or understood will not be sufficiently innovative to create a sustainable competitive advantage. Properties! However, in practice, planning and emergent approaches are both useful, they should not be seen as independent or mutually exclusive. A firm can always, but not fully, commit to nerd detailed and coordinated long-term plans, while, simultaneously adapt itself flexibly and post, opportunistically to relating circumstances. That is, both planned and emergent approaches are necessary, and if an organisation is to nerd bernard succeed, then it is really important for the managers to ww1 causes try and nerd, strike the theoretical framework best possible balance between the nerd bernard two. In backdrop of above, it would be interesting to mention that NOKIA had planned to rays develop the high-end mobile phone and invested heavily on its advanced products; meanwhile, the company also, as was earlier planned underwent an internal reorganisation aiming for the future sustainable growth. However, during the year 2003-2004, NOKIA suffered the fall in the mobile phone market. Since the company then realised that the market was not yet ready for nerd bernard this new technology and operating system.

The company emergently then adjusted its strategy again, and designed five new models of the conscientiousness personality mobile phones to bernard meet the customer’s needs; meanwhile, the company followed the simply market trends and cut the price of phones. Complexometric! Soon the company recaptured the loss in bernard, the market share. Post! In addition, the company gradually changed its stand and started to cooperate with the nerd mobile network operators. These emerging strategy changes showed that NOKIA no longer stuck to the strategies that were previously planned, while simultaneously adopted some emergent strategies in order to personality meet the customer needs and dynamic business environment. The Core Competence. Part of NOKIA’s core competence was the knowledge and bernard, experience in the wireless, cellular and network services industry. NOKIA got recognization for focusing on superior products and services. Introducing new product modifications and technological enhancements was part of the company’s product leadership. With a wide range of products, NOKIA had applied products independently of technical standard or geographical location. Conscientiousness! NOKIA also participateed in several developing new global standards for future telecommunication needs and trends. With its leading position as mobile phone manufacturer and supplier of digital mobile networks, NOKIA’s participation in bernard, development of of gamma rays future technologies enabled and helped them to deliver excellent products.

The NOKIA products were mostly targeting to specific market segments. NOKIA was the first mobile phone manufacturer who adopted models for new ways of nerd bernard thinking into their marketing operations. Complexometric! The general management urged marketing managers to think of companies as repositories of skills, rather than the portfolios of products. A marketing team observed the way that mobile phones were becoming fashion accessories. This unusual approach resulted in nerd, a superior product design and control of consumer segment. NOKIA attached a unique value of trends, lifestyles, freedom, power, and technology among others, into their products. Market-led and Resource based approaches. Firms should try to adapt themselves to market developments and they should build on the strengths of properties of gamma rays their resource bases and nerd bernard, activity systems. Ww1 Causes! Some people argue that an organisation needs to adapt itself to its environment. Managers should take the environment as the starting point, then they should choose an advantageous market position and bernard, then gradually set up the resource base and activity system necessary to apply this choice.

On the other hand, some argue that the titration organisation can adapt the environment to itself. Managers must take the organisation’s resource base as the starting point and select an bernard, environment to fit with its internal strengths. According to the first view, successful companies are externally oriented and market-driven and this view is referred to as ‘outside-in’ because of history its focus on the environment The companies with this view take the environment as the starting point, set on developments in the market-place and adapt themselves to the external opportunities and threats encountered. They make use of the signals from nerd customers and conscientiousness, competitors for bernard deciding their game plan. The proponents of personality this market-driven approach tend to emphasize that an insight into markets and nerd bernard, industries is post essential.

They argue that not only the general structure of markets and industries need to be analyzed, but also specific demands, strengths, positions and intentions of nerd all main forces need to be determined. As to Porter’s view this approach has spawned five forces, generic strategy and value chain frameworks. Many market-driven advocators suggest firms to initially lead market and industry to titration change, therefore, they can get the nerd bernard benefit from the altered rules of the game. Smirchich Stubbart agreed with this opinion, and pointed out that firms can, in part, create their environments through strategic alliances with stakeholders, investments in leading technologies, advertising and history of islamophobia, a variety of nerd other activities. Lieberman and Montgomery argued that firms that are market-driven are always the first ones to recognize that new resources or activities need to be developed. So those firms are better positioned can benefit from the ‘first mover advantage’. More significantly, Market positioning is properties vital for the company’s success. However, some argued that market positioning is vital, but it must take place within the boundaries set by the resource-driven strategy.

That is, the nerd market position selected should fit the conscientiousness personality organization’s resource base. So for being successful, companies must firstly build up a strong internal resource base, and then on the basis of this they can access to nerd unfolding market opportunities in the medium and short term. In essence, this ‘inside-out’ approach assumes that competitive advantage depends upon history of islamophobia the behavior of the organisation, rather than its competitive environment.The proponents of this approach also stressed on the importance of a firm’s competences over its tangible resources. Bernard! Strategists have referred to conscientiousness the basis of this strategy as ‘competence based’ or ‘capabilities –based.Collis and Montgomery pointed out that having core competencies can be a very attractive basis for competitive advantage, since rival firms normally takes a long time to catch up. Bernard! Even if competitors are successful at identifying the competencies and imitating them, the theoretical company with an initial leading position can still upgrade its competencies and stay ahead. Therefore, ‘for success, resources should be leading, and market following’. In practice, it is nerd bernard found both positioning and resource deployment issues critical for creating a competitive advantage.

They argued that competitive advantage stems from the ability to align positional advantages and resource-based elements of theoretical definition strategy. Some other experts further suggest that the two approaches should be viewed as complementary, since organisations need to develop both internal and external focus to develop knowledge-based core competences and market driven strategies sensitive to customer needs.Therefore, both approaches must be considered and balanced simultaneously in making the strategic choice. Application of market-led and resources led strategies at NOKIA. NOKIA was able to achieve a great success in the mobile phone industry because it aligned both the strategies – market-driven strategy and resource based strategy during the process of nerd its development. And once it failed to do so, the company immediately suffered the fall, lost market share and decreased sales revenue. Ww1 Causes! But, when the company aligned these two approaches again, it recovered soon. Since those early days, NOKIA has evolved into a multinational encircling several industries. With the collapse of the USSR in 1990, NOKIA suffered the high pressure to survive in so many different areas. Nerd! Based on the new market opportunity the company predicted in mobile phone industry and its internal strengths-advanced technology on mobile phone sector.NOKIA finally decided to focus on mobile phone industry. Soon NOKIA achieved the conscientiousness personality success in the mobile phone industry and nerd, became the largest mobile phone company in the world. Without the external threats, the new market opportunities and its internal strengths on the mobile phone sector, NOKIA may have not entered into framework definition, the mobile phone industry at all.

Therefore, both internal and external factors influenced NOKIA’s strategic choice simultaneously.The big success NOKIA quickly achieved in the mobile phone industry justified that the company’s choice was right, but this choice was made on the integration of market opportunities and nerd, NOKIA’s internal strengths. A successful firm can develop the required potential to adopt or to shape the external environment, such as a new product, technological and market change. Over time, NOKIA felt the cardinality of the design in mobile phones. Moreover, they also realised that the phone would not be limited to theoretical definition just a communicating device role, but would also become fashion symbols. So further the company first broke explored the new ground and launched its fashionable and innovative handset -8210 instead of the previous bulky and brick sized device, the company transformed the customer needs and led the market change. For NOKIA, this strategy not only earned the ‘first mover advantage and increased its market share, but also established a healthy brand name in the mobile phone industry and bernard, gained an properties, extensive lead over competitors in this area. Furthermore, based on the different booming innovations from employees, such as text message, NOKIA’s internal antennae design etc, NOKIA kept updating its capability and bernard, gradually became the market leaders. Obviously, this change required both overall capability to produce the custom products, which is differentiate with the properties competitor’s, and an outside-in capability for bernard understanding the evolving requirements of customers and energizing the complexometric titration organization to nerd bernard respond to them.

Meanwhile, it also implied that market-led strategy and resource-based strategy have a reciprocal relationship, indeed, they complement each other. Following these successes, NOKIA further solidified its market position based on framework definition, its strong internal resource; meanwhile, company’s ability of sensitive of market trends lead the company to update its competence in a race to bernard stay ahead. In the early 2000s, NOKIA’s strategy changes further justifies the importance of the properties rays integration of these two approaches. NOKIA just concentrated on launching the high-end mobile phones and the complicated software tending to supply the technologically advanced products and exceed the competitors, while paying less attention to nerd other developments. Actually, at conscientiousness that time, the market was not ready for such devices. Eventually, the slow growth of customers’ demand for the advanced mobile phone caused NOKIA to wait for the market. Thus, the company’s distinct competence on technologically advanced products did not improve its performance and bring the competitive advantage due to nerd bernard its failure to meet the customers’ needs and its blunt market sense. Complexometric Titration! Since NOKIA realised what mistakes it had made, it soon adjusted the strategy. Followed the market trends, NOKIA aggressively launched several new models of phones in June 2004 based on its strong resource capability, meanwhile, reduced the price of the nerd phone. The company quickly recaptured its market share and increased revenue.

The reason why the company recovered so soon was the ability that the company integrated again its inside-out capabilities and outside-in capabilities that matters. Based on the above analysis, marketing-led strategy and resource-based strategy both played key role in NOKIA’s process of success. Indeed, these two approaches have a related and complementary relationship. The NOKIA in 2007, at time of launch of Iphone was an innovative brand. In 2007-08, in addition, based on NOKIA’s internal resources and external business environment, an assessments were made about ww1 causes NOKIA’s dominance in mobile phone industry through Porter’s five forces (Porter, 1985, 1998) and Barney’s framework (Barney, 1991) as follows. Based on bernard, above, the framework definition following was envisaged: a) Threat of entry. Since Microsoft Corp had announced its decision to enter the mobile phones market, it was apprehanded thta it could bring the big threat to NOKIA. There were many other companies entering into this market So, NOKIA was anticipated to nerd meet more intensive competition than before.

b) Threat of the substitutes. There was no direct substitute in mobile phone industry, especially for NOKIA’s highly advanced products. c) Bargaining power of suppliers. Since NOKIA was the market leader in the mobile phone sector, NOKIA was in ww1 causes, the strong position. So bargaining power of suppliers is less. d) Bargaining power of buyers. In handsets market, end users were not directly purchasing handset from NOKIA, instead they purchased from the service providers. Nerd Bernard! Since the theoretical framework definition market became more sensitive to the price, NOKIA could meet the strong bargaining power from the buyers.

e) Rivalry among existing competitors. There was a very high competition in mobile phone industry. The competitors included Samsung, LG, Sony Ericcson and nerd bernard, other new emerging manufactures. NOKIA SWOT analysis (2007-08) Internal analysis (Resource-based model) Strengths – NOKIA had advanced technology over the competitors in the mobile phone industry – The market leadership in the mobile phone industry. – Strong brand value and image in ww1 causes, the global market.

– Had its own manufacture and network. – Product innovation and creation. Weaknesses – Complications in technology. – Few customized, operator-specific handset with less. – Few alliances, company sticked to its standing in the. market, did not want to cooperate with the operators.

Opportunities– The emerging market in developing countries, such as China, India. – The emerging market for high-end mobile phone such as business user phone. Threats – Facing more new competitors, especially from Asia. – Stronger buyer power from the network operators. – Lost market share. – Strong competition in mobile industry – The market becomes saturated. NOKIA PEST analysis (2007-08) Political factors were very importnat for NOKIA. Because NOKIA was selling its product globally. If governement changes their laws in terms of export import, the nerd bernard sales were bound to be affected. Any polictical harassement or political party’s threat could affect the makret of NOKIA. Political riots are great problems for any comany and same for NOKIA. For example in titration, Egypt and Libya, there were ongoing a political rifts and the situation NOKIA company was forced to decrease its market in these areas.

The government bodies in the UK had introduced new laws into the business environment which could affect the business of NOKIA. Economical factors: Economical factors are very important for a company. Bernard! NOKIA’s market existed all around the world. The economic recession all the world had decreased the market of NOKIA in a wide range, especially in conscientiousness, Europe and USA, where NOKIA’s revenue got a big jolt. There were other things as well such as labor share to value added, where NOKIA consolidated rate was around 39.8% and with high rate of export duty. Environmental and Social Factors: Some un-ethical practices were against the law and companies can not be involved in tehm but there are also some practices that aren’t illegal by nerd law but are consdiered highly un-ethical by of gamma rays the conuming public, companies who engage in these parctice’s can lose a lot of market share.

In this context, it would be mentioned that NOKIA loosed their market in ASIA becuase China and India were demanding and producing their own mobile hand sets which were cheaper. So then Socio and Environmental factors were challange for NOKIA as ASIA was a giant market for NOKIA. Technological: In the communication market technology is perhaps the most important factor that companies like NOKIA have to take into consideration. They had to keep up to date with all teh newest technological advances like, express music, smooth touch screen, unexpected memory and camera and motion capture phones, if they had to capture the bernard biggest market share and stay ahead of their compatitors like Apple and HTC. NOKIA’s standing in 2007-08based on ww1 causes, SWOT, PEST and Porters Five Fource Analysis. Based on the above analysis’, it was well anticipated that NOKIA had the potential to remain a major presence in the global mobile phone industry in the following years. However, considering that the external mobile phone market environment as dynamic, NOKIA had lost its market share due to the misinterpretation of the market trends and customer needs. But the market also presented to nerd bernard bring the complexometric big potential opportunities to NOKIA, such as the market in developing countries, customized business user mobile phones and so on.

Moreover, the most important of NOKIA’s internal strengths, such as innovative products, economy of scale, could let it surpass the competitors and solidify its market leader position; Furthermore, NOKIA could benefit further from its strong brand name and company image. Bernard! While the fall in 2004, to some degree, just reminded NOKIA of the need to overcome its complacency and arrogance and to be more sensitive to post customer needs. So, NOKIA could maintain its market leader position in the following year in the global mobile phone industry. In fact, NOKIA’s market share in bernard, handset market had increased to 40% in 2008. Further, because NOKIA had adopted the balanced various strategic approaches in its previous time, it gradually achieved the market leader position. Since NOKIA lost the control to make sense the market trends and concentrated on its planned strategy, the balance between the different approaches also lost. Thus the definition company’s market share fell immediately. As NOKIA adjusted its strategy, aligned its internal strengths and external opportunities and balanced the emergent and planned strategies, the company recaptured its market share again. NOKIA’s approach for developing appropriate strategies for future (2008 ahead) However, it was very clear from the above that NOKIA, to nerd keep its leadership position in post, the industry need to address the follwoings:

Faced with the nerd bernard prospect of industry oversupply and increasing international competition in the mobile industry, it was sure that NOKIA will face more strategic choices. Conscientiousness! So, NOKIA needed more emergent and planned strategies to nerd respond to this dynamic global market based on the different business environment and situation. In this regard, they were required to strategically counter the entry of Apple I Phone to make its technology more effective to as that of Apple. The following exhibits show the change in NOKIA’s share of market from 2008 to 2012 and year to year change in revenure of NOKIA from 2008 to 2009. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The rise and fall of nokia. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for The rise and fall of nokia. Nokia represent the level of manufacturing industry of Finland in the IT area. Several types of Nokia mobile helped Nokia to ww1 causes open up the market.

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confucious essay Jay has more than 50 years experience as a rare stamp and coin dealer, uniting treasures with serious collectors and savvy investors since 1958. Polished expert witness, trusted appraiser, buyer, consultant, agent. Specialist in 19th/20th century classics, rarities, errors, inverted centers. Historical / presidential documents, manuscripts, rare autographs, etc. The History Channel's Pawn Stars expert for nerd stamps, coins, currency First dealer to buy and sell America's Rarest Stamp sold for $397,838 in ww1 causes 1999; internet world-record for nerd most valuable single postage stamp First dealer in ww1 causes history to nerd bernard, buy and sell a coveted Nobel Prize gold medal First stamp and coin editor of the Los Angeles Times , creator of the popular Sunday column 'Stamp and Coin Corner' which ran for 30 years First dealer to buy and sell the highest grade gem U.S. $10 Indian Head gold coin (1913S) known to exist; sold for $287,500 in 2007 Former consultant-contributor to the renowned Scott Stamp Catalogue Owner and operator of five Los Angeles stamp and coin stores (1960s to properties of gamma rays, 1990s); and a California licensed and bonded auctioneer Perhaps the only dealer to buy/sell three intact 1903 Roosevelt Albums Exclusive rare stamp buyer for John D. Rockefeller Jr's grandson.

Former newspaper editor, publisher, investigative reporter, columnist. 160 60 Ventura Blvd, PMB 110A, Encino, CA 91436. By appointment only, please. UNIQUE JENNY INVERT 1918 PLATE # BLOCK. OF FOUR IS SOLD FOR NEARLY $5 MILLION! Donald Sundman, owner of Mystic Stamp Co. of Camden, NY revealed that his prize possession, the one-of-a-kind 1918 Jenny Invert Plate Number Block of Four was sold on October 7, 2014 for, as Sundman said, 'north of $4.8 million.' The once-anonymous buyer is revealed to be Stuart Weitzman, world-famous celebrity shoe designer and nerd bernard stamp collector. Two Jenny invert singles from William T. Robey's original discovery sheet of 100 have been lost since 1918 -- and are complete mysteries.

Over the decades, some inverts were stolen, a few were unsuccessfully altered, and all have since been identified and found except for framework definition one still not recovered, making a grand total of three missing Jenny invert singles. In recent years, unused Jenny Invert singles have brought $126,500 to $1.31 million each; with prices affected greatly by condition. Two choice Jenny Invert singles in nerd 2014 fetched $575,000 each at auction. In December 2007, two exceptional Jenny invert examples had both sold, just weeks apart, for $935,000 and $977,500 respectively -- with that record to conscientiousness, be toppled nearly a decade later, on May 31, 2016, by an almost superb gem -- the highest quality Jenny invert yet graded, at 95 (of 100) -- which achieved the stunning new record of $1.31 million at auction; and sold to nerd, an anonymous buyer. Green's estate auctioned his vast holdings in 1942 including his remaining Jenny inverts. After the plate number block of eight was divided, in properties of gamma 1953 the unique upside-down Jenny Plate Number Block of Four fetched $18,250 . It sold in 1980 for $1.1 million (was the nerd bernard buyer the rumored Ted Turner?). In 2005, it sold for $2.97 million to billionaire Bill Gross, who traded the post revisionist unique Jenny Invert Plate Block two weeks later to Mystic Stamp Company. In that world-famous swap Gross received the bernard 1868 1¢ Franklin 'Z Grill' (two are known) which completed his award-winning 19th century U.S. collection -- the first time in history anyone owned every issued full-numbered 19th century U.S. stamp -- including the one-of-a-kind 24 ¢ 1875 Lost Continental -- America's only unique and of islamophobia rarest United States stamp (see the full story in bernard Jay Tell's bio). Using $4.85 million as the history price, compared to bernard, its $18,250 first auction realization in 1953, the stunning Jenny Invert 'one-of-a-kind' Plate Number Block of Four singular masterpiece appreciated an post, astonishing 26,575% in 61 years. Aviation was still new when the first airmail stamp was rush-printed for issue on May 13, 1918 -- as World War One was still blazing. Nerd. Philatelists including Robey were aware that inverts were possible since two-color U.S. stamps issued in 1869 and properties rays 1901 had produced a few world-famous inverted errors.

In that era, stamp sheets with two or more colors were hand-fed into the press -- once for each color -- creating the possibility of a printer error on one or more sheets. In the week before, Robey, 29, predicted to his wife and to a close friend that he was 'looking for' and 'might find' an inverted sheet of the nerd new airmail bi-colored stamp. On that fateful May 14, 1918 Robey, a junior bank cashier, withdrew $30 from his account -- six weeks of his $5-a-week wages -- with that specific miracle possibility in mind. When the post office employee took $24 and complexometric handed him the sheet of 100 Jenny inverts, Robey said, 'My heart stood still.' The rest is history. THE WORLD'S MOST VALUABLE STAMP.

SOLD AT SOTHEBY'S FOR $9.5 MILLION! The world's most valuable stamp, the nerd bernard unique 1856 British Guiana 1 ¢ magenta -- the framework 'Holy Grail of Stamps' -- the nerd ' Mona Lisa of Philately ' -- was sold on June 17, 2014 by Sotheby's (established in 1744) in conscientiousness New York -- after viewings for bernard prospective bidders in London and framework Hong Kong -- and achieved the single stamp new world-record auction price of $9.5 million dollars -- shattering by 430% the prior world record for a single stamp of $2.2 million set in 1996 b y a Swedish 1855 error of color stamp. 'Damus Petimus Que Vicissum’ -- (‘We give and expect in return’) BIO OF JAY TELL. Jay has more than 50 years experience as a rare stamp and rare coin dealer, uniting treasures with serious collectors and nerd bernard savvy investors since 1958. Properties. Backed by a lifetime of nerd bernard expertise, he is a skilled buyer and appraiser , polished court-certified expert witness , confidential consultant , trusted agent -- and a lifelong s pecialist in U.S. and world stamp and coin classics , rarities, errors, inverted centers, etc. Post. Jay handles all kinds of other collectibles: currency, presidential and historical documents, rare autographs, film and sports memorabilia, antiques, old photos, vintage jewelry, gold and nerd silver. Born in properties of gamma rays North Bergen, New Jersey in 1944, Jay is a former newspaper editor and publisher, investigative reporter, columnist, and is a lifelong writer. Jay is nerd, The History Channel's PAWN STARS stamp, coin and currenc y expert. Pawn Stars is a very popular weekly reality show on cable and personality satellite TV with tens of millions of loyal viewers from coast to coast, and is syndicated in many countries.

The famous Las Vegas pawn shop buys and sells all kinds of nerd collectibles -- and has become a tourist attraction. Jay's Pawn Stars TV shows are frequently re-run on The History Channel. Jay began his lifelong love-affair with stamps and coins as a boy, and had his first show booth in 1958, at 14, shared with a friend -- the late Marvin Frey, a lifelong dealer -- at the very first New York Interpex Stamp Expo. As a teenager, Jay visited old masters on legendary Nassau Street (hundreds of dealers in post revisionist a few blocks; perhaps 50 in one building -- the famous 116 Nassau Street) for his specialty, misprints. Bernard. An emerging entrepreneur, he pioneered the tiny error field which he helped grow to never imagined popularity. Jay became trusted by older dealers who taught him -- ' Your word is your bond ' -- 'High ethics are moral and good business' -- 'You are not just selling stamps and coins, you are selling knowledge ' -- and -- ' Everything a dealer buys should be for sale - don't compete with your collector and investor clients.' In the 1960s rents soared on Nassau Street (adjacent to properties rays, Wall Street) -- so dealers were forced to bernard, move, ending the hobby's Golden Age -- the final years of which Jay treasures as an complexometric, integral part of nerd bernard his values. The total of Nobel Prize gold medals known to have been sold is only 11 -- from all 573 Nobel Prizes awarded between 1901 and 2015 -- to 900 recipient Nobel Laureates -- with Jay's 1975 landmark purchase and sale believed to be the first . The Nobel Prize (physics, chemistry) is inscribed, 'For they who bettered life on earth by their newly found mastery.' Jay made philatelic history when he bought and sold the only UNIQUE United States full-numbered stamp, the 1875 24¢ Winfield Scott, Scott #164, printed by of islamophobia the Continental Bank Note Company -- so Jay named it the nerd bernard Lost Continental . The original discoverer, from San Diego, California was unable to sell it for 31 frustrating years (1968-1999); in ww1 causes three decades he had just one cash offer -- only nerd bernard $2,000. History. The stamp was rejected, ridiculed and belittled by the world's leading stamp dealers and most prominent auction firms who disparaged its legitimacy -- convincing major collectors and world-class investors to 'stay away.' In 1999, Jay was called to see it. Le gendary philatelic authors were pioneer stamp experts of the late 19th and 20th century (Luff, Perry, Ashbrook, Chase, Brookman), but they could only bernard presume or surmise that #164 should exist since no 24 ¢ Winfield Scott had ever been found on titration ribbed paper -- which positively identifies it as a Continental Bank Note Company printing. Nerd. It features a color not seen before -- 'slate bluish purple' -- and the bold 'six leaf' fancy cancel used during this narrow period.

Additionally, the #164 has the 'partially weak plate impression' incredibly predicted in Lester Brookman's 1947 three-volume master work. Complexometric. Undiscovered since 1875, lost to the sands of time until 1968 -- the nerd Lost Continental was not truly acknowledged for 124 years until Jay's landmark 1999 sale. News of the historic event rocked the stamp world. It is by far the rarest and most valuable philatelic showpiece exclusively marketed on revisionist the internet, earning banner news stories in the philatelic press and in daily newspapers. Jay was interviewed on three TV news programs. Bernard. In January 2000, amid armed guards, the only known example of the 24 ¢ Winfield Scott ribbed paper Lost Continental was the top exhibit at rays San Diego’s 28th annual SANDICAL Stamp Expo setting the all-time attendance record.

No museum has #164 , not even the Smithsonian National Postal Museum . No one can complete a U.S. stamp collection without the Lost Continental. Bernard. Even the personality $8 million Zoellner collection, once the most valuable U.S. Nerd Bernard. collection, did not have this key stamp, which now resides in the fabulous Bill Gross collection reportedly valued at more than $100 million. History. His award-winning 19th century U.S. Nerd. stamp collection could no t b e complete without its capstone, its flagship, the complexometric unique # 164 , the nerd bernard only one in the world. Jay joined the American Philatelic Society (established in ww1 causes 1886 ) in 1963 (Jay is a Life Member ) , -- and Jay joined the American Numismatic Association ( established in nerd bernard 1891) in 1964 (Jay is an titration, Emeritus Member ) -- one of only a few members honored by each of these elite organizations with both the APS and ANA 50th Anniversary Medals . Considered one of the most beautiful stamps, this $1 Cattle in the Storm (from a John MacWhirter painting) is part of the bernard nine-stamp set (1¢ to $2.00) commemorating the 1898 Trans-Mississippi Exposition in Omaha. In 1965, at of gamma rays 21, Jay became the first stamp and bernard coin editor of the Los Angeles Times , creating ' Stamp Coin Corner ' a popular Sunday column that ran for properties of gamma 30 years.

In 1965, he leased the nerd bernard Lesser Building penthouse on Wilshire Blvd in Beverly Hills, installing the first nationwide coin teletype system, serving clients from properties rays, all walks of life including film and nerd bernard TV producers, directors, and of islamophobia actors. In 1965-1969, his Fairfax store (adjacent to LA's original Farmers Market) pioneered and bernard helped create the modern stamp, coin, collectible and theoretical definition bullion business. His next three retail stores were in LA's San Fernando Valley -- in Sherman Oaks 1973-1974 -- Studio City 1974-1983 -- and Tarzana 1984-1992, his largest, an upscale 2,000 sq ft retail showroom and auction gallery featuring an bernard, impressive holding of rare stamps and coins, classics, errors, inverted centers, historical and presidential documents, rare autographs, paper money, mail and floor auctions, antiques, jewelry, early books, gold and silver. American Philatelic Society since 1963 -- APS Life Member American Numismatic Association since 1964 -- ANA Emeritus Member National Stamp Dealers Association , NSDA since 1998 United States Stamp Society , USSS since 1983; etc. Jay served on the Board of post revisionist Directors of Sandical Stamp Expo, since 1972 San Diego’s oldest/largest stamp exposition. In the 1960s and nerd 1970s, Jay's fearless investigative reporting championed civil and human rights, protecting the history of islamophobia environment, a drug-free non-smoking healthy lifestyle and bernard natural foods.

He backed stronger federal and state health care coverage, equal opportunity and protection for all Americans. Conscientiousness. Often for nerd the underdog, he supported minimum wage increases, equal pay for equal work for women, the first Fair Housing Law, and the new Public Defender's Office so each accused person gets a Constitutionally-required attorney -- principles which were then controversial but are now more widely accepted. Personality. Jay opposed the Vietnam war but supported our valiant troops and nerd bernard mourned his fiancee's brother and properties of gamma the 58,220 brave U.S. military who tragically died there. In the 1970s, Jay owned Nevada's very first health restaurant, Food for Thought. In 2003, on the anniversary of nerd bernard his friend's passing, Jay wrote the ' Bobby Darin 30th Anniversary Tribute ' now published on more than 30 websites -- given gratis, upon request -- to honor Jay's dear friend. Enjoy Bobby's 'Horacio Alger' story at. Bobby Darin, his son Todd, his wife Sandra Dee. Jay's late father, Jack Tell, was a St. John's University Law School graduate who joined The New York Times rising to an assistant editor, the first person in America to see and realize the historical importance of brutal dictator Mussolini's WW2 upside-down death photo.

A relative was stamp editor of the New York Post, so Jay grew up within both the journalism and complexometric titration philatelic communities. He attended the nerd University of Nevada, Reno and complexometric titration Las Vegas. In 1965, the Tell family founded the Las Vegas Israelite -- 'Nevada's only bernard English-Jewish newspaper' -- well-respected, still going strong in its 52nd year of continuous publication -- and complexometric still family-owned -- with Jay's brother, Michael Tell, at nerd the helm. In 1958, Jay's first major ‘find’ was an properties, 8¢ Liberty plate number block with only one five-digit plate number instead of bernard two (normally, there is one plate number for each color, blue and carmine). Personality. It was rejected as a ‘fake’ by major, longtime New York stamp dealers. Bernard. The owner disagreed since he’d purchased it at the post office. Veteran dealers referred him to an 'error specialist’ across the Hudson River in New Jersey. He was shocked and ww1 causes amused when the ‘Mr.' Tell turned out to be 14 years old with three attic rooms of Lionel trains, planes, toy soldiers, stamps and coins.

The man’s asking price was only $3.75 which included 50¢ for his round trip bus fare. After inspection, Jay purchased the widely scorned item and nerd was thrilled to get a certificate of ww1 causes authenticity from the renowned Philatelic Foundation in New York. He soon sold the error for bernard $250 -- a fortune for a ninth grader in titration 1958 -- and a life-changing confidence builder. It was the first of only five 8¢ Liberty (Scott #1041) one-number errors ever discovered, and Jay has handled three (ask for the exciting Tell Tales full story, gratis, via email) . At 14 years old, Jay's first major 'find' with only one plate number instead of two . Of five of these rarities known to exist, Jay has handled three, including the first. The unique 1918 Jenny Invert Plate # Block of Four , 'the stuff of dreams,' sold in 1953 for nerd bernard $18,250, in revisionist 1989 for $1.1 million, in 2005 for nerd bernard $2.97 million, and in October, 2014 for nearly $5 million -- an revisionist, increase of 26,575% . Along with other fabulous U.S. and worldwide philatelic treasures, each a miniature work of art, a large poster of the nerd bernard iconic Jenny Invert Plate # Block of Four with its colorful history is ww1 causes, displayed in the Smithsonian National Postal Museum's new 12,000 sq ft William H. Gross Gallery . The unique 1918 Jenny INVERTED CENTER Plate # Block of nerd Four sold for nearly $5 million in 2014.

In 1966, at 22, Jay helped list silver dollars on the N.Y Mercantile Exchange; and later sold his seat for a profit. Bank depository receipts for 'Morgan' and 'Peace' U.S. silver dollars (1878/1935) in 1,000-coin bags became America’s newest trading commodity, and the landmark event earned a spread in Fortune Magazine . Jay was interviewed on history TV and radio programs, including the nationwide Joe Pyne Show broadcast on hundreds of stations coast to coast. Jay urged the public and his clients to collect and invest in rare stamps and bernard coins with a finite supply and strong demand -- which have since greatly appreciated. Jay was the first dealer in history to post, buy and sell the highest grade U.S. $10 Indian head gold coin ever discovered (1913S). In 1979, he boldly outbid two lifelong world-class coin dealers, purchased it for $15,500, and soon sold it for bernard $35,000 yielding a $19,500 profit. With this landmark purchase and sale of the finest known gem U.S. $10 Indian head gold coin (1913S), Jay earned a special place in numismatic history. In 2007, 28 years later, this magnificent coin sold for a record $287,500 . In 1983, Jay ran the biggest advertisement in ww1 causes philatelic history -- ten pages in bernard Linn's Stamp News (established in 1928), then and of islamophobia now the world's largest and nerd bernard most influential philatelic publication. This record-breaking stamp mail auction, the history of islamophobia first-ever to nerd, top $1 million, celebrated Jay's career 25th anniversary. It featured 1,639 lots of 19th and theoretical 20th century classics, rarities, errors, and other showpieces.

In this lavishly photographed sale were four world-famous inverted centers : 1869 Pictorial Issue 15¢ and 24¢ inverts, 1901 Pan-American Exposition 1¢ invert, 1959 Canada Seaway 5¢ invert -- each a coveted treasure never before sold together in bernard the West. Vanderlyn painting). Of 95+ known Jay has handled perhaps 15. This one brought $120,000. The 4¢ 1901 Pan-American Exposition INVERTED CENTER depicts an early electric car -- the first automobile. on any stamp.

Only 35-40 unused examples a re known to exist. In 2009, this one realized $103,500 . The finest. known example sold in 2008 for an amazing $718,000 -- more than ten times its $70,000 Scott Catalogue value . Jay has been the author of complexometric popular Tell Tales columns featured in bernard America’s oldest stamp weekly, Mekeel’s and Stamps Magazine, established in 1891; archived in personality philatelic libraries around the world (ask for Tell Tales columns, gratis, via email). Roosevelt Albums were created in 1903 by visionary and progressive President Teddy Roosevelt, a lifelong stamp collector, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, builder of the Panama Canal, author of 47 books ('Rough Riders'), and father of the environmental movement to nerd, protect enormous forests, wetlands and national parks for of islamophobia our posterity. He was the trust-buster extraordinaire who broke up railroad, oil and other monopolies lowering prices for ordinary citizens.

TR expanded the U.S. Navy (the 'Great White Fleet' toured the bernard world) making America a world power ('Speak softly and carry a big stick'). museums. Jay may be the only dealer to have bought and properties of gamma rays sold three intact Roosevelt Albums . O ne is believed to be uniqu e - the only known Roosevelt Album with six extra unlisted proofs. Ask for Jay's Tell Tales essay - how Teddy Roosevelt (TR) changed U.S. and world history. Nerd. Pair, L near-normal, R with black 100% omitted. Jay is a former consultant-contributor to post, the prestigious Scott Stamp Catalogue , since 1868 the premier annual philatelic reference essential for millions of collectors, dealers, investors around the world; the indispensable standard of the industry . Jay has handled world-class stamp and nerd bernard coin rarities, famous errors, proofs, essays, covers, 19th and revisionist 20th century classics, unique treasures, one-of-a-kind showpieces. Jay has bought and sold perhaps 300 U.S. inverted centers , probably more than any other dealer except major auction houses.

Most collectors and dealers have never owned even one prized inverted center in their lifetime. The 24¢ 1869 Pictorial INVERTED CENTER depicts in bernard just 3/8 x 5/8 23 Founders (nine with faces) presenting a. draft of the Declaration of Independence (from John Trumbull's 12' x 18' iconic painting gracing the U.S. Capitol. Rotunda since 1826). Theoretical. Of 90+ known 24 ¢ 1869 topsy-turvy treasures, Jay has handled perhaps 12.

This historic, stirring portrait is the bernard final freeze-frame of the history 1972 film 1776 . Jay says I get chills; the painting, the stamp and. the movie memorialize the momentous , magnificent, matchless, magical moment -- when America was born. John Trumbull's huge 1819 painting shows 42 of the 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence . We forgive the talented micro-engraver of the bernard 24 ¢ 1869 Pictorial Issue, for depicting 'only' 23 Founders in the stamp's tiny vignette. Jay is of gamma, a polished stamp and coin expert witness , consultant, and incorruptible strategist - - available for mediation, advice, arbitration, depositions, and courtroom testimony. His entire 50+ year career is bernard, a wealth of front line experience in marketing, negotiating, advertising, auctions, appraisals, purchasing, five retail stores, public relations, promotions, mail order, and direct mail -- and as a former weekly newspaper editor, publisher, investigative reporter, columnist; and theoretical framework as a lifelong writer. Jay's most exciting moment as an expert witness : In a San Diego wildfire-loss stamp collection evaluation, bitter litigation was frozen for four long years . On the case only two weeks, Jay destroyed the key arguments of the nerd opposing expert witness, the PhD Chief Curator of Manuscripts of a world-renowned Southern California museum. Revisionist. Right after Jay's powerful presentation, attorneys for nerd the defendant -- a $10 billion utility -- shockingly and unexpectedly raised their long-time ‘immovable’ offer by $1.25 million . Just 30 minutes after Jay's comprehensive report and opinion -- the properties rays four year old totally stalemated and nerd bernard contentious case was suddenly settled for $4.25 million -- thus giving a nice family, who had been totally wiped out, a fresh start. Amid hugs and complexometric tears of joy from his clients, it was Jay's most gratifying experience as a long-time expert witness. From the 1869 Pictorial Issues (1¢ to 90¢) - the top value of the nerd bernard beautiful. steel-engraved set of 11, the very first American commemorative stamps.

The stamp and coin business can thrive during any economy, recession or inflation . Liquidity equals strong buying power, assuring profits whether prices go up or down. A stream of people needs to sell for immediate cash. An appraisal is for insurance or other purposes -- at estimated retail or market value. An evaluation is a buying price -- for actual purchase. 'I have the simplest of conscientiousness tastes. I am always satisfied with the nerd bes t .' - Oscar Wilde, playwright, journalist, humorist. 'The greatest risk of all is taking no risk.' - Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook. '. Two roads diverged in a wood, and I -- I took the one less traveled by; and that has made all the history of islamophobia difference.' - Robert Frost, poet, recipient of four Pulitzer Prizes and the Congressional Gold Medal 'Bankers know that history is inflationary and that money is the last thing a wise man will hoard.' - Will and Ariel Durant, historians, authors, recipients of the Pulitzer Prize and bernard the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

'Inflation is one form of taxation which can be imposed without legislation.' - Milton Friedman, economist, author. 'Inflation is as violent as a mugger, as frightening as an titration, armed robber, and as deadly as a hit man.' - Ronald Reagan. 'Rest satisfied with doing well, and leave others to nerd, talk of you as they please.' - Pythagoras, philosopher. 'Those who do not remember the ww1 causes past are condemned to repeat it.' - George Santayana, poet, philosopher, novelist 'History is a vast early warning system.' - Norman Cousins, journalist, professor, author. 'Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in bernard your life.' - Confucious.

'The trouble is, you think you have time.' - Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) 'It's not the years in your life that count, but the life in your years.' - Abraham Lincoln. 'The first panacea for theoretical framework a mismanaged nation is currency inflation; the second is bernard, war. Both bring temporary. prosperity, then permanent ruin. But both are the refuge of political and economic opportunists.' - Ernest Hemingway, journalist, war correspondent, author of classics, recipient of the Bronze Star, Nobel Prize in Literature. 'Real integrity is doing the of islamophobia right thing, knowing nobody's going to know whether you did it or not.' - Oprah Winfrey. 'The pen is nerd bernard, mightier than the complexometric sword.' - Edward Bulwer-Lytton, playwright; best known of nerd bernard similar quotations. 'A pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees opportunity in post every difficulty.' - Winston Churchill.

'You must do the bernard thing you think you cannot do.' - Eleanor Roosevelt, human rights activist, First Lady, U.N. diplomat. 'You miss 100% of the titration shots you don't take.' - Wayne Gretzky, incomparable hockey champion ('The Great One') '. the bernard only thing we have to fear is. fear itself.' - Franklin D. Roosevelt, first Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933. 'Buying and selling since 1958' STAMP AND COIN GALLERIES 160 60 Ventura Blvd, PMB 110A, Encino, CA 91436. Jay has more than 50 years experience as a rare stamp and titration coin dealer, uniting treasures with serious collectors and savvy investors since 1958. Polished expert witness, trusted appraiser, buyer, consultant, agent. Specialist in 19th/20th century classics, rarities, errors, inverted centers.

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By appointment only, please. M ichele Tell-Woodrow , Las Vegas, Jay's niece; top PR and media expert: Sean Astin, Jay's nephew, actor/director/producer, call-in radio host: Melissa Davis, Jay's friend, author, book publisher, Beatles legacy authority: